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  • 7/27/2019 Andhra Pradesh State India


  • 7/27/2019 Andhra Pradesh State India


  • 7/27/2019 Andhra Pradesh State India


    Source:Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey 2012-13, Aranca Research

    Most operational SEZs Andhra Pradesh has 38 operational special economic zones (SEZs), higher than any other

    state in the country. It also has the highest number of IT/ITeS-related SEZs in India. Thehi-tech city in Hyderabad is the largest IT facility in India.

    Largest ITIR in


    Indias first Information Technology Investment Region (ITIR) will be developed in AndhraPradesh over an area of 202 sq km. ITIR is likely to attract investments of around US$

    40.4 billion.

    Revenues of US$ 10billion from IT sector

    Revenue from the IT sector crossed the US$ 10 billion mark over 2012-13.

    Worlds largest single

    deposits of barytes

    Andhra Pradesh has the largest single deposits of barytes in the world. It has around 70

    million tonnes of baryte reserves, accounting for 94 per cent of total baryte reserves inIndia.

    Largest producer andexporter of bulk drugs

    Andhra Pradesh ranks first in the manufacturing of bulk drugs in India and accounts foraround one-third of the national production of bulk drugs.

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    Source:Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey 2012-13, Aranca Research

    One of the largestmineral storehouses

    Andhra Pradesh is the largest producer of barytes and limestone in India. It also has thelargest reserves of granites (estimated at 2.4 billion cubic metres) and beach sand (241million tonnes) in the country.

    Largest producer of

    spices, fruits, eggs

    The state is the largest producer of spices, fruits and crops, including citrus, papaya, oilpalm and tomato, in India. It also ranks first in the production of eggs and third in milk

    production in the country.

    Largest exporter ofmarine products

    Andhra Pradesh ranks first in the production of brackish-water shrimps and fresh-waterprawns. It contributes around 40 per cent to the countrys total marine exports.

    Second largest cementproducer Andhra Pradesh is the second largest cement producer in India.

    Electronic hardwarepolicy

    Andhra Pradesh is the first state to develop an Electronic Hardware Policy in India (2012-17), wherein, the state government plans to provide incentives for setting up more than200 electronic manufacturing clusters in the stage.

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    Source: Socio-Economic Survey of Andhra Pradesh 2012-13

    GSDP: Gross State Domestic Product

    The engineering sector is delicensed;100 per cent FDI is allowed in thesector

    Due to policy support, there wascumulative FDI of USD14.0 billion intothe sector over April 2000 February2012, making up 8.6 per cent of totalFDI into the country in that period

    Growing demand

    High economic growth

    GSDP expanded at a compoundannual growth rate (CAGR) of 16 percent between 2004-05 and 2012-13

    Vast natural gas reserves in theKrishna-Godavari basin have openedup immense possibilities for the stateeconomy

    Andhra Pradesh is a leadingagricultural state in India

    Hub for knowledge-basedindustries

    Key state for industries including IT,pharmaceuticals and biotechnology

    Host to 71 out of 500 top globalcorporations and has the highestnumber of IT SEZs in India (56 as of2011-12)

    Fourth largest IT exporter in India,

    accounting for 12 per cent of the

    countrys total IT exports

    Policy and infrastructuresupport

    Wide range of fiscal and policyincentives for businesses under theIndustrial Investment Promotion Policy,2010-15

    Well drafted sector-specific policies

    Well-developed social, physical andindustrial infrastructure and virtualconnectivity, and has good power,airport, IT and port infrastructure

    Rich labour pool

    Large base of skilled labour, making itan ideal destination for knowledge-intensive sectors

    Provides 30 per cent of the countrysengineering talent through prestigiousinstitutes such as IIT, JNTU, IIIT,BITS, ISB and NIT

    Furthermore, the state has a largepool of semi-skilled and unskilledlabour


    IT exports:US$ 8.5



    IT exports:US$ 31.3



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    Andhra Pradesh is located in the southern peninsula of

    India and has a coast line of 974 km.

    The state of Andhra Pradesh is bound by Odisha andChhattisgarh on the north, Maharashtra and Karnataka onthe west, Tamil Nadu on the south, and the Bay of Bengalon the east.

    Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Tirupati,Warangal, Guntur, Kakinada, Nellore and Kurnool are some

    of the key cities in the state.

    Most commonly spoken language is Telugu. Hindi, Englishand Tamil are the other languages used.

    Sources:Andhra Pradesh Government Website (,* Provisional Data Census 2011


    Capital HyderabadGeographical area (sq km) 275,100

    Administrative districts (No) 23

    Population density (persons per sqkm)*


    Total population (million)* 84.6

    Male population (million)* 42.5

    Female population (million)* 42.1

    Sex ratio (females per 1,000 males)* 992

    Literacy rate (%)* 67.7

    Source: Maps of India

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    All-States Source


    GSDP as a percentage of all states GSDP 7.8 100Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey,

    2012-13, current prices

    Average GSDP growth rate (%)* 16.0 15.6Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey,

    2004-05 to 2012-13, current prices

    Per capita GSDP^ (US$) 1,582.2 1,414.2Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey,

    2012-13, current prices

    Physical Infrastructure

    Installed power capacity (MW) 17,098.7 225,133.1 Central Electricity Authority, as of May 2013

    Wireless subscribers (No) 64,363,622 867,803,583Telecom Regulatory Authority of India,

    as of March 2013

    Broadband subscribers (No) 1,342,750*** 15,050,000 Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, as ofMarch 2013

    National Highway length (km) 6,547** 79,116Ministry of Road Transport & Highways,

    as of March 2013, Andhra Pradesh Governmentpress release, 2013

    Major and minor ports (No) 1+14 13+187 Indian Ports Association

    Airports (No) 9 133 Airport Authority of India

    * Calculated in Indian rupee terms, ** As of January 2013, *** As of December 2011, ^ Advanced estimates

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    All-States Source

    Social Indicators

    Literacy rate (%) 67.7 74.0 Provisional data Census 2011

    Birth rate (per 1,000 population) 17.5 21.8 SRS Bulletin (, 2012


    FDI equity inflows (US$ billion) 8.0 193.4Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion,

    April 2000 to March 2013

    Outstanding investments (US$ billion) 922.0 10,499.2 CMIE (2012-13)

    Industrial Infrastructure

    PPP projects (No) 100 881

    SEZs (No) 76 385 Notified as of March 2013,

    PPP: Public-Private Partnership, SEZ: Special Economic Zone, SRS: Sample Registration System

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    91 93101

    125137 136










    At current prices, Andhra Pradeshs gross state domesticproduct (GSDP) was estimated at US$ 136.0 billion over2012-13.

    Between 2004-05 and 2012-13, the average annual GSDPgrowth rate was 16.0 per cent**.

    Growth was mainly driven by service and secondarysectors.

    Source:Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey, 2012-2013* Advanced estimates, ** In Indian rupee terms

    GSDP of Andhra Pradesh at current prices(in US$ billion)


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    45 52


    81 8490












    At current prices, Andhra Pradeshs net state domesticproduct (NSDP) was estimated at US$ 122.3 billion over2012-13.

    Between 2004-05 and 2012-13, the average annual NSDPgrowth rate was about 16.1 per cent**.

    Source:Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey, 2012-2013* Advanced estimates, ** In Indian rupee terms

    NSDP of Andhra Pradesh at current prices(in US$ billion)


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    1,105 1,1221,202

    1,4841,604 1,582










    Andhra Pradeshs per capita GSDP increased to US$1,582.2* during 2012-13 from US$ 628.8 over 2004-05.

    Average per capita GSDP rose at a CAGR of 14.9 percent** between 2004-05 and 2012-13.

    Source:Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey, 2012-2013* Advanced estimates, ** In Indian rupee terms

    GSDP per capita of Andhra Pradesh atcurrent prices (in US$)


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    9871,009 1,078

    1,3321,439 1,423










    Andhra Pradeshs per capita NSDP grew from US$ 563.3during 2004-05 to US$ 1,422.8* over 2012-13.

    Average per capita NSDP increased at a CAGR of 15.0 percent** between 2004-05 and 2012-13.

    Source:Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey, 2012-2013* Advanced estimates, ** In Indian rupee terms

    NSDP per capita of Andhra Pradesh atcurrent prices (in US$)


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    27.9% 25.1%

    21.5% 22.4%

    50.6% 52.5%

    2004-05 2012-13*

    Primary sector Secondary sector Tertiary sector

    During 2012-13, the tertiary sector accounted for 52.5 percent (US$ 71.3 billion) of GSDP (at current prices), followedby primary (25.1 per cent; US$ 34.2 billion), and secondary(22.4 per cent; US$ 30.5 billion).

    The secondary sector grew the fastest at a CAGR of 16.6per cent**, followed by tertiary (CAGR of 16.5 per cent**)

    and primary (CAGR of 14.5 per cent**) between 2004-05and 2012-13.

    Source:Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey, 2012-2013* Advanced estimates, ** In Indian rupee terms

    GSDP composition by sector





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    Source:Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey 2012-13, Cotton Corporation ofIndia (, ^ Second advanced estimates as on 05 January, 2013,

    *Data for 2011-12, ** 000 bales of 170 Kg each ***Advanced estimates

    CropAnnual production

    (000 tonnes) 2012-13^

    Sugarcane 15,912*

    Rice 10,488

    Cotton 7,200**

    Maize 4,484

    Mango 3,901***

    Total pulses 1,493

    Chillies 1,757***

    Onion 850***

    Groundnut 1,027

    Bengal gram 520

    Turmeric 1,894

    Black gram (Urad dal) 379

    Jowar (Sorghum) 412

    Red gram (Tur dal) 148

    Green gram (Moong dal) 169

    Over 2012-13, total area under food grain production inAndhra Pradesh was estimated at 6.6 million hectares.

    Overall production of food grains in the state was projectedat 17.1 million tonnes over 2012-13.

    Major food grains# produced in Andhra Pradesh are rice,

    maize, pulses and jowar.

    Sugarcane, cotton, chillies, onion, groundnut and turmericare some of the other major crops produced in the state.

    During 2012-13, total production of oilseeds in the state wasestimated at 1.5 million tonnes.

    # Food Grains Include Rice, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Ragi, Wheat, Pulsesand Other Millets.

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    Exports break-up, Andhra Pradesh (2011-12)

    Source:Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey 2012-13** In Indian rupee terms

    Andhra Pradeshs exports increased at a CAGR of about 23.4 per cent** between 2006-07 and 2011-12.

    During 2011-12, exports from Andhra Pradesh totaled US$ 24.2 billion.

    Computer software contributes around 35.0 per cent to the states total exports. Drugs & pharmaceuticals, fine chemicals,engineering products, agriculture and agro-based products are the other major export items.

    Exports from Andhra Pradesh (in US$ billion)






    2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12

    Software (IT &ITeS) 35%

    Engineeringitems 23%

    Drugs & pharmaand chemicalplastics 18%

    Agro-based andforest products


    Leather, animal andmarine products 4%

    Mineral & mineralproducts 4%

    Handicrafts &carpets 3%

    Handloom &textiles 2%

    Electronics& electronics

    parts 2%


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    According to the Department of Industrial Policy &Promotion (DIPP), FDI inflows from April 2000 to February2013 totaled US$ 8.0 billion.

    The state has had a healthy FDI inflow over the years. FromApril 2012 to February 2013, FDI inflows amounted to US$1.1 billion.

    Over 2012-13, outstanding investments in Andhra Pradeshtotaled US$ 922.0 billion.

    The electricity sector accounted for around 28 per cent oftotal outstanding investments, followed by manufacturing(25 per cent) and services (19 per cent).


    Break up of outstanding investments by sectors(2012-13)





    4% Electricity




    Real Estate


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    As of June 2012, Andhra Pradesh had 17 nationalhighways, running through it and covering a distance of4,537 km. 11 new national highways were notified in FY 12,taking the total tally to 28 and distance covered to 6,547 km.

    The roads network under Andhra Pradesh Roads andBuildings Department covered a length of 70,879 km as ofOctober 2012.

    As of October 2012, road density per thousand populationwas 0.86 km.

    As of September 2012, there were 41 public-privatepartnership (PPP) projects in the roads sector that are atvarious stages of development.

    The central government announced plans to develop 1,817km of state roads in the state into national highways at anestimated cost of US$ 9.2 billion over the next three-five


    Source:Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey 2012-13* Under Andhra Pradesh Roads and Buildings Department

    Road typeRoad length* (km)as of October 2012

    National highways 4,537

    State highways 10,491

    Major district roads 32,262

    Rural roads 23,396

    Source: Maps of India

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    Growing demand

    Sources:Andhra Pradesh State Portal,,Hyderabad Metro Rail Website -

    Andhra Pradesh railway network (as of March2011)

    Name of the RailwayNo of


    Total routelength (in


    South CentralRailway

    604 4,348.44

    Southern Railway 16 120.85

    East Coast Railway 75 574.79

    As of March 2011, Andhra Pradesh had a total railwaynetwork of 5,044.08 km; of this, 4,348.44 km is under thecontrol of the South Central Railway with Secunderabadas the headquarters.

    The state had 695 railway stations as of March 2011.

    The Mass Rapid Transit Service (MRTS) project isexpected to carry about 1.5 million passengers per day by2015 and 2.2 million passengers per day by 2025.

    Total cost for the MRTS project has been estimated atUS$ 2.9 billion. The Government of India has providedUS$ 0.3 billion as central assistance under the ViabilityGap Funding (VGF) scheme.

    The state is the first to have a PPP Metro Rail projectsanctioned by the Government of India.

    The metro rail project is eco-friendly and is expected toreduce pollutants by about 3,100 tonnes per annum(TPA).

    The construction work of the project was awarded toLarsen & Toubro Limited in September 2010 through acompetitive bidding process.

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    Growing demand

    Sources:GHIAL Website,, Airports Authority of India

    GMR-Hyderabad International Airport Limited(GHIAL), Shamsabad

    Started operations in March 2008.

    Constructed by the consortium of: GMR Group (63 per cent) Malaysia Airport Holding Berhad (MAHB) (11 per

    cent) Government of Andhra Pradesh (13 per cent) Airports Authority of India (13 per cent)

    Single terminal, expandable structure

    Final capacity of 40 million passengers per year andone million tonnes of cargo

    Total built-up area of 900,000 sq m

    A third-party airframe maintenance, repair andoverhaul (MRO) facility was set up by MAS-GMRAerospace Engineering Company Ltd, a joint venturecompany of GHIAL and Malaysian AerospaceEngineering Sdn. Bhd. (MAE).

    A flight academy was established at the airport

    Andhra Pradesh has an international airport at Hyderabadand domestic airports at Visakhapatnam, Tirupati,Rajahmundry, Warangal, Vijayawada, Donakonda,Kadapa and Puttaparthi.

    Hyderabad is connected to several key internationaldestinations, such as Amsterdam, Bangkok, Chicago,

    Frankfurt, Dubai, Singapore, Sharjah, London and KualaLumpur, besides all major destinations across India.

    The Rajiv Gandhi International Airport near Shamshabad(about 25 km from Hyderabad) is a newly completedairport (5,495 acres). It has replaced the formerinternational airport of the city at Begumpet. Total cost forthis project was at around US$ 560 million.

    Hyderabad airport received 2,147,172 passengers andhandled 46,495 tonnes of cargo during 201213.

    The airport was recognised as the best airport in India bythe SKYTRAX World Airport Awards in 2013. It was alsorecognised as a fifth best regional airport in Asia andfeatured in Top 100 airport in the World.

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    Andhra Pradesh has a 974 km long coastline and thesecond highest cargo-handling port.

    The Visakhapatnam port ranks amongst the top three of 13major ports in the country. During 2012-13, it had a porttraffic of 59.0 million tonnes.

    Coking coal, iron ore, petroleum products and thermal coalare some of the key products handled by the port. It alsohas a high volume of container traffic.

    Other than Visakhapatnam, the state has 14 intermediateand minor ports.

    The central government announced plans to set up a newdeep sea port in the state at an estimated investment of

    US$ 2.3 billion. The port is expected to have a cargoloading capacity of 62.0 million tonnes.

    Source:Ministry of Shipping, Government of IndiaIndian Ports Association, * Tentative

    Visakhapatnam port traffic (million tonnes)


    65.568.0 67.4


    2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13*

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    Andhra Pradesh has the largest hydro-power generationcapacity in India, ahead of Karnataka and Maharashtra.

    As of May 2013, Andhra Pradesh had a total installed powergeneration capacity of 17,098.7 MW, which comprised9,050.1 MW under state utilities, 4,891.9 MW under privatesector and 3,156.8 MW under central utilities.

    Thermal power accounted for 11,980.7 MW of total powergeneration installed capacity, followed by nuclear (275.8MW), renewable power (1,107.7 MW) and hydropower(3,734.5 MW).

    The private sector contributed to the entire capacity of gas-based power plants.

    Per capita consumption of electricity in Andhra Pradesh was1,050 kWh during 2011-12.

    Source:Central Electricity Authority

    Installed power capacity (MW)





    16,949 17,099

    2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14*

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    The integrated Andhra Pradesh State Electricity Board(APSEB) was restructured in 1999 to form the followingcompanies:

    AP Gencos hydro power plants

    AP Gencos thermal power plants

    Segment Company name

    PowerGeneration Andhra Pradesh Power GenerationCorporation Limited (APGENCO)


    Transmission Corporation of AndhraPradesh Limited (APTransco)


    Central Power Distribution Companyof Andhra Pradesh Limited(APCPDCL), Hyderabad

    Southern Power DistributionCompany of Andhra Pradesh Limited(APSPDCL), Tirupati

    Eastern Power Distribution Companyof Andhra Pradesh Limited(APEPDCL), Visakhapatnam

    Northern Power DistributionCompany of Andhra Pradesh Limited(APNPDCL), Warangal

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    Telecom infrastructure (as of March 2013)

    Wireless Subscribers 64,363,622

    Wire-line Subscribers 2,239,363

    Broadband Subscribers 1,342,750*

    Telephone Exchanges 4,266**

    Public Call Offices (PCOs) 130,282**

    Sources: Telecom Regulatory Authority of India,Department of Telecommunications, Annual Report 2011-12,

    Ministry of Communications & Information Technology, India Post*As of December 2011

    **As of March 2012

    According to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India(TRAI), Andhra Pradesh had nearly 64.4 million wirelesssubscribers and 2.24 million wireline subscribers as ofMarch 2013.

    According to the Department of Telecommunications,Government of India, the state had 4,266 telephone

    exchanges and 130,282 public call offices (PCOs) as ofMarch 2012.

    Optical fibre cable networks of BSNL with 44,500 km,Reliance with 6,000 km, Bharat with 3,450 km and TATAwith 1,700 km provide a wide range of communicationnetworks to Andhra Pradesh.

    As of January 2013, there were 16,165 post offices in the


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    Water supplySewerage system and

    solid-wastemanagement system

    Average water supply invarious urban localbodies (ULBs) increasedto 85 LPCD from 63LPCD during the 11th five-year plan (2007-12).

    During 2007-11, 43 watersupply schemes with anestimated cost of US$191.8 million werecompleted, adding 370.44MLD of water and raisinginstalled capacity to1,599.68 MLD from1,229.24.

    Solid wastecollection efficiencyis 95.0 per centacross the cities ofAndhra Pradesh.

    Area coverage of thesewerage system inthe major citiesvaries from 10 percent to 45.0 per cent.

    Under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban RenewalMission (JNNURM), 52 projects worth around US$ 1,159.4million were sanctioned for Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam,Vijayawada and Tirupati.

    Some of the key areas of development are roads/flyovers,water supply, storm water drainage, solid-waste

    management and mass rapid transport system.

    As of March 2013, 20 projects worth US$ 223.4 million werecompleted. These projects, which were related to roads,water supply, drains/storm water drains and sewerage, arelocated in Hyderabad, Vijayawada and Vishakhapatnam.

    The state has 170 urban local bodies (ULBs), comprising 19corporations, 113 municipalities and 38 nagar panchayats.

    Sources: JNNURM, Ministry of Urban Development,, Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority

    Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey 2012-13LPCD: Litres per capita per day, MLD: Million litres per day

    Some of the urban development projects in Hyderabad

    Outer Ring Road Project P.V. Narasimha Rao Elevated Expressway Flyover at Lunger House Junction Hussain Sagar Lake and Catchment Area Improvement


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    Project Name Sector PPP TypeProject Cost(US$ million)


    Vodarevu Nizampatnam ports and port-

    based corridor DevelopmentPorts BOOT 3,652.2 Construction

    Krishnapatnam Ultra Mega Power Project Energy BOO 3,650.3 Construction

    Gangavaram Port Ports BOT-Toll 358.6 Construction

    Four-Laning of Cuddapah Kurnool Road Roads BOT-Toll 347.8 Construction

    Integrated solid waste management for Hyderabad Urban development DBFOT 195.0 Construction

    Four-laning of Hyderabad KarimnagarRamagundam Road

    Roads BOT-Toll 295.2 Bidding

    Narketpally Addanki Medaramitla Road Roads BOT-Toll 260.2 Bidding

    Bus Terminal and Commercial Development atMusheerabad

    Urban development Lease 54.3 Bidding

    Health spa and resort Tourism Lease 13.0 Bidding

    Four-Laning of Khammam Tallada Devarapalliroad

    Roads BOT-Toll 143.5 EOI

    Four-Laning of Perecherla Thokapalli road Roads BOT-Toll 113.5 EOI

    Four-Laning of Warangal Khammam road Roads BOT-Toll 103.5 EOI

    Source:; P-P-P: Public-Private PartnershipEOI: Expression Of Interest, BOOT: Build-Own-Operate-Transfer, BOT: Build-Operate-Transfer,

    DBFOT: Design-Build-Finance-Operate-Transfer, BOO: Build-Own-Operate
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    NIMZ: National Investment and Manufacturing Zones

    Two new NIMZs

    State received in-principle approval from the central government in January 2013 forsetting up two National Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZs).

    The two NIMZs are proposed to be set up in Chittoor and Medak districts and would bespread over an area of 50 sq km each.



    The state would develop NIMZs as integrated industrial townships, with state-of-the-artinfrastructure and land use on the basis of zoning, clean and energy efficient technology,necessary social infrastructure and skill development facilities.

    Investments up to US$5.5 billion

    NIMZs could attract investments of US$ 5.5 billion.

    Total employment

    potential of around 0.6million

    Andhra Pradesh expects these NIMZs to have an employment potential of 0.3 million


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    Source:, SEZ: Special Economic Zone

    Name/Developer Location Primary Industry

    Visakhapatnam SEZ Vishakhapatnam Multi-product

    Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation Ltd Nanakramguda IT/ITeS

    Brandix India Apparel City Private Ltd Achutapuram, Visakhapatnam Textile

    Ramky Pharma City Pvt Ltd Mandal, Visakhapatnam Pharmaceuticals

    CMC Limited Ranga Reddy District, Hyderabad IT/ITeS

    DivyaSree NSL Infrastructure Pvt Ltd Ranga Reddy District, Hyderabad IT/ITeS

    DLF Commercial Developers Ltd Ranga Reddy District, Hyderabad IT/ITeS

    Hyderabad Gems SEZ Ltd Ranga Reddy District, Hyderabad Gems and jewellery

    L&T Phoenix Info Parks Pvt Ltd Mandal IT/ITeS

    Infosys Technologies Ltd Pocharam, Rangareddy IT

    Vivo Bio Tech Ltd Medak Dist Medak Bio-technology

    Some of the operational SEZs in Andhra Pradesh

    Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC) is the agency responsible for the supervision and execution ofSEZs in the state.

    Of the projected investments of US$ 19.4 billion, US$ 2.6 billion were achieved during 2012-13.

    Andhra Pradesh has the highest number of operational SEZs in India. There are 38 operational SEZs in the state as ofDecember 2012.

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    Source: Department of Commerce,

    SEZ: Special Economic Zone, * As of FY2012

    Wipro Limited,Manikonda, Mandal*

    IT SEZ with exports worth US$ 763.5 million over FY 2008-11 Investments of US$ 65.3 million made and US$ 64.5 million projected 9,018 direct employment opportunities generated, with an estimated employment of 7,000

    Divis Laboratories

    Limited, ChippadaVillage, Visakhapatnam*

    Pharmaceutical SEZs with exports worth US$ 439.4 million over FY 2008-11

    Investments of US$ 65.3 million made and US$ 64.5 million projected 6,912 direct employment opportunities generated, with an estimated employment of 1,500

    Hyderabad GemsLimited, Hyderabad*

    Gems and jewellery SEZs with exports worth US$ 724.3 million over FY 2009-11 Investments of US$ 44.8 million made and US$ 46.0 million projected 6,912 direct employment opportunities generated, with an estimated employment of


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    Name/Developer Location Primary Industry

    South Coast Infrastructure Development Co ofAndhra Pradesh Private Ltd (SCIDCAP)

    NH-5 between Prakasam andNellore District

    Building materials

    Lepakshi Knowledge Hub Private Ltd Ananthapur Multi-product

    M/s Sri Kubera Infracom India Ltd Sadasivpet, MedakStrategic


    M/s Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ManufacturesAssociation

    Nakkapalli Mandal, Visakhapatnam Pharmaceuticals /APIs/formulations

    M/s Vivimed Labs Ltd

    Boyapalem, Naruva & Chittivalasa

    villages, Ranasthalam Mandal,Srikakulam

    Chemicals &


    M/s Planet SEZ Private Limited VisakhapatnamPetroleum and oil & gas


    SEZs with valid in-principle approvals

    Andhra Pradesh has six SEZs with valid in-principle approvals, as of January 2013.

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    Name/Developer Location Primary industry

    WIPRO Ltd Hyderabad IT

    APIIC Visakhapatnam Multi-product

    M/s Krishnapatnam Infratech Pvt Ltd Chillakur Mandal, Nellore Multi-product

    Deccan Infrastructure and Land Holdings Ltd Mahabubnagar Agriculture and livestock

    Rassai Properties & Industries Ltd Hindupur, Anantapur Multi-services

    Infosys Technologies Ltd Pocharam Village, Ghatkesar Mandal,Rangareddy


    Andhra Pradesh Industrial InfrastructureCorporation Ltd (APIIC)

    Nellore Leather

    Stargaze Properties Private Ltd Kancha Imarath, Maheswaram IT/ITeS/electronic hardware

    Some of the SEZs with formal approvals

    There are 109 SEZs with formal approvals in the state, as of January 2013.

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    CollegesNumber of

    colleges (2012-13)

    Government junior colleges 812

    Private-aided junior colleges 225

    Private un-aided junior colleges 3,889

    Government degree colleges 252

    Aided-degree colleges 179

    The state has a literacy rate of 67.7 per cent, according tothe provisional data of Census 2011; the male literacy rateis 75.6 per cent and the female literacy rate is 59.7 per cent.

    During 2012-13, 13.39 million students were enrolled in102,436 schools. There were 66,721 primary schools,15,579 upper primary schools, 19,053 high schools and 903

    higher secondary schools. Number of teachers totaled495,111.

    For polytechnic and engineering students, 25 skilldevelopment centres have been planned in 23 districts inthe state.

    Andhra Pradesh increased projected expenditure oneducation in the 12th five-year plan (2012-17) by more than

    fourfold to US$ 5,615 million from US$ 1,248 millionincurred during 2007-12.

    The University of Hyderabad and the Osmania Universityare among the leading universities in the country.

    CourseNumber ofcolleges(2012-13)

    Number ofstudentsenrolled

    Engineering 707 335,000

    Master of ComputerApplication (MCA)

    644 46,795

    Master of BusinessAdministration (MBA)

    926 86,905

    Bachelor of Pharmacy 290 29,520

    Polytechnics 263 76,000

    Source: Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey 2012-13

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    Life-Sciences institutes

    Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics Indian Institute of Chemical Technology International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-

    Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) Directorate of Rice Research National Academy of Agricultural Research

    Management National Institute of Nutrition Indian Council of Agricultural Research Centers

    Source:Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey, 2012-13

    At the intermediate college level, courses are available inscience, arts and commerce streams.

    Vocational courses are offered in the fields of agriculture,engineering and technology, home science, paramedical,business and commerce, and humanities.

    Over 2012-13, there were 6,136 junior colleges (aided andunaided, regular and vocational), with a total enrolment of1.02 million students.

    The Department of Technical Education, Government ofAndhra Pradesh, supports 707 engineering colleges.

    During 2012-13, three new government polytechnicinstitutes and two new engineering colleges were


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    Health Indicators (2010-11)

    Apollo Hospital

    Yashoda Hospital

    Care Hospital

    Wockhardt Kamineni Hospital

    Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences

    MNJ Institute of Oncology and Regional CancerCentre

    Basavatarakam Indo American Cancer Hospital &Research Institute

    Global Hospitals

    Medwin Hospitals

    Mediciti Hospitals

    L V Prasad Eye Institute

    Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences

    Sources: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India,Sample Registration System (SRS) Bulletin 2012

    (*Per thousand persons, ** Per thousand live births

    Health indicators (2011)

    Birth rate* 17.5

    Death rate* 7.5

    Infant Mortality Rate** 43

    Life expectancy at birth (years)

    Male (2002-06) 62.9

    Female (2002-06) 65.5

    Andhra Pradesh Vaidya Vidhana Parishad (APVVP) is fullyresponsible for the management of secondary levelhospitals.

    APVVP covers 1,624 primary health centres (PHCs), 292community health centres (CHCs), 91 area hospitals, 17district hospitals, 12,522 sub-centres and 272 urban health


    APVVP controls 234 hospitals equipped with 16,184 beds.

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    Major stadiums and sports complexes inHyderabad

    Swarnandhra Pradesh Sports Complex

    G. M. C. Balayogi Athletic Stadium

    Gachibowli Indoor StadiumFateh Maidan Sports Complex

    The Lal Bahadur Stadium

    Aquatics Complex

    Kotla Vijay Bhaskar Reddy Indoor Stadium

    SAAP Tennis Complex, Fateh Maidan

    Shooting Range, Hyderabad Central University

    Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium

    There are several sports complexes in Hyderabad,Visakhapatnam, Tirupati and other cities. Althoughswimming and tennis are the major sports, other games arealso popular.

    The Boulders Hill in Hyderabad, The Army Golf Course inSecunderabad and the East Point Golf Club in

    Visakhapatnam are well-known golf courses in the state.

    The Tirupati temple in Southern Andhra Pradesh makes thestate one of the leading religious tourism spots in thecountry.

    In Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh Tourism has promotedconvention centres including Taramati Baradari, HyderabadInternational Convention Centre, Shilpa Kala Vedika,

    HITEX, Marriott Convention Centre, Ramoji Film City andKatriya De Royal Convention facilities.

    Kuchipudi is the classical dance form from Andhra Pradesh.It is known for its graceful movements and strongnarrative/dramatic character.

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    Natural resources, policy incentives and infrastructure in thestate are favourably suited for investments in major sectorssuch as drugs and pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, IT andITeS, mines and minerals, textiles, leather and tourism.

    Andhra Pradesh is one of the foremost states to havedeveloped sector-specific policies.

    Forming industrial clusters and developing infrastructure,such as biotech parks, textile parks, leather parks, autoparks, fab city and hardware parks, has been the states keystrategy to attract investments in various industries.

    Andhra Pradesh has shortlisted three new industries todevelop under the cluster model during the 12th five-yearplan (2012-17): marine food processing at Bheemavaram,

    leather at Nellore and precision & engineering tools atHyderabad.

    Key industries in Andhra Pradesh

    Agro and food-based industry


    Bulk drugs and pharmaceuticals

    IT and ITeS

    Mines and minerals

    Textiles and leather


    Automotive & auto components

    Gems and jewellery

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    98,920 clearances with proposed investments of US$ 83.8 billion have been granted as of October 2012 under the IndustrialSingle Window Clearance Act, which was enacted in 2002 to create an investor-friendly environment in the state.

    As of October 2012, the state received 7,632 proposals for large-scale industries. Of these, 3,206 proposals have beenutilised for production with an investment of US$ 15.6 billion; providing employment opportunities to 516,403 people. 548proposals with an investment of US$ 21.5 billion are under the implementation stage.

    During the Partnership Summit of 2012, the state received 234 proposals worth US$ 119.7 billion.

    The state government has projected investments of US$ 20.6 billion in large industries and US$ 6.2 billion in MSMEs duringthe 12th Five-Year Plan.

    Source: Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey, 2012-13MSMEs: Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises

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    Large scale industries proposalsestablished

    MSMEsproposals established

    Investments^ Employment Investments^ Employment

    2005-06 350.0 10,875 55.3 15,832

    2006-07 1,218.2 26,193 195.7 36,019

    2007-08 1,570.8 23,075 537.0 79,258

    2008-09 1,237.2 25,058 572.4 85,211

    2009-10 2,448.9 11,933 932.9 64,844

    2010-11 2,063.4 20,626 1,076.4 104,620

    2011-12 1,816.2 21,543 1,018.1 120,435

    2012-13* 977.1 12,959 286.1 52,932

    Source: Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey, 2012-13*Till August 2012, MSMEs: Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises

    ^ In US$ million

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    The share of IT exports from Andhra Pradesh accounts foraround 12.4 per cent of national IT exports. The IT sectorcontributes about 39.0 per cent to total exports from allsectors in the state.

    The IT industry recorded a turnover of US$ 11.1 billion over2011-12. Of this, exports accounted for 76 per cent and the

    remaining 24 per cent was generated from the domesticmarket.

    Andhra Pradesh has emerged as a state that provides theright climate for the growth of IT business and is currentlyone of the most preferred destinations in the country.

    In 2012, the state government unveiled the ElectronicsHardware (EH) policy, 2012-17, aimed at providing

    incentives in the areas of industrial electronics,communication and broadcast equipment, computers andperipherals and strategic electronics and components.

    The EH policy is the first of its kind initiated by any state inIndia.

    As of January 2013, there were 43 IT/ITeS notified SEZs inthe state.

    Source: Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey 2012-13* In Indian rupee terms

    Total employment generated by the IT and ITeS industryin the state increased to 318,624 over 2011-12 from279,438 during 2010-11.

    Exports from IT industry (in US$ million)






    2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12


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    Source: Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey 2012-13ITIR: Information Technology Investment Region

    First ITIR in India

    Andhra Pradesh received in-principle approval from the central government inSeptember 2012 to its ambitious plan of setting up Indias first Information TechnologyInvestment Region (ITIR).

    ITIR would be developed around Hyderabad and Rangareddy districts on an area of about202 sq km (78 sq miles) over a period of 25 years.

    Self containedintegrated ITIR

    ITIR would include SEZs, Industrial parks, free trade zones, warehousing zones, export-oriented units and growth centres.

    Exports potential ofUS$ 43.3 billion

    ITIR could generate revenue of US$ 57.2 billion, with exports of US$ 43.3 billion.

    Investment potential ofUS$ 40.4 billion

    The state expects the project to have an investment potential of US$ 40.4 billion. Direct employment generated from the project is estimated at 1.5 million once it is fully


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    Mahindra Satyam




    Formerly Satyam Computers, Mahindra Satyam was established in 1987 and has its globalheadquarters in Hyderabad and several offices in 39 countries including India. The companyprovides software solutions to over 370 customers including four of the top 10 electronics andelectrical equipment manufacturers, three of the top 10 in aerospace and defence firms, two ofthe top five chemicals manufacturers, and four of the top five networking and communicationsequipment manufacturers.

    Microsoft India Development Centres (MSIDC) was established in 1998. It is located in

    Hyderabad on a 54-acre state-of-the-art campus. MSIDC has offices in nine cities, with 5,800employees in India. The company focuses on strategic and IP sensitive product development forMicrosoft. It is one of the largest software development centres for Microsoft outside the US. Ithas established centres of excellence for storage, networking and mobility, and has filed over180 patents in the last three years.

    IBM is a leading global IT services and solutions provider, with operations in over 170 countriesacross the world. Products offered by the companys Indian operations include software,storage, systems and servers and semiconductors. IBM has been present in India since 1992.Since inception, IBM in India has expanded its operations considerably, with regionalheadquarters in Bengaluru and offices in 14 cities; including a global delivery centre inHyderabad.

    Cognizant was founded as a captive arm of Dun & Bradstreet, with headquarters in the US andoperations in India. The company currently has over 50 development centres (including one inHyderabad) and 25 regional sales offices globally. Its services include business processoutsourcing, application and IT infrastructure services and business consulting. It generatedrevenue of US$ 7.4 billion in 2012. In December 2009, Cognizant invited 120 personnel fromInvensys Rail in Hyderabad to work on its global product research and development tie-up withthe latter.

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    Andhra Pradesh is the hub of the bulk-drugs industry,accounting for one-third of the national production of bulkdrugs. The state produces a majority of the 500 basic drugsproduced in the country.

    Andhra Pradesh accounts for around 40 per cent ofcountrys bulk drug exports.

    Jawaharlal Nehru Pharma City was set up in Parawada,Visakhapatnam. This is an integrated industrial park for bulkdrug manufacturers, pharmaceutical companies and finechemical manufacturers. The industrial park is spread overan area of 2,143 acres; of this, 611.37 acres has beennotified as a pharmaceutical SEZ industrial park.

    The state government helped to develop the pharmaceutical

    and biotechnology industry via specific policies, promoting aknowledge-based cluster approach with financial incentivesand appropriate infrastructure support.

    Presence of related educational infrastructure has helpedthe industry. The Biotechnology Incubation Centre wascommissioned in 2008.

    Some of the key players

    Albany Molecular Research Inc (AMRI)

    Novartis Matrix Laboratories Ltd

    Indian Immunologicals Ltd (IIL)

    The state ranks first in the manufacturing of bulk drugsand third in formulations in India.

    Source: PHARMABIZ Statistics

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    Albany Molecular

    Research Inc (AMRI)


    Mylan Laboratories Ltd

    Indian Immunologicals

    Ltd (IIL)

    AMRIs research centre is located in the ICICI Knowledge Park in Hyderabad. AMRIprovides custom synthesis of scaffolds and building blocks, as well as preparation ofreference standards. A second laboratory for preparing larger amounts of pharmaceuticalintermediates, starting materials and other compounds is now operational as well. Thecentre's operations are fully integrated with US-based resources.

    Novartis has presence in over 140 countries and 115,000 employees. It has been present inIndia for over 64 years in the healthcare sector. The company has a healthcare-related

    IT/ITeS and R&D facility in Hyderabad. It has a development centre in Hyderabad. Thefacility also operates as a global centre for marketing and sales, sourcing, businessplanning and analysis. In 2012, the company generated revenue of US$ 56.7 billion.

    Mylan Laboratories Ltd (formerly known as Matrix Laboratories Ltd) is a subsidiary of US-based Mylan Inc. It has four USFDA-approved facilities in Hyderabad and one USFDA-approved facility in Visakhapatnam. It is one of the worlds largest manufacturers andsuppliers of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) for a wide range of therapeuticcategories including antibacterials, central nervous system agents, antihistamine/anti-asthmatics, cardiovasculars, antivirals, antidiabetics, antifungals, proton pump inhibitors and

    pain management drugs. In 2011, its revenue totalled US$ 671.4 million.

    IIL produces a range of veterinary vaccines such as Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)vaccines, anti-rabies vaccines, bacterial vaccines, canine vaccines and a host of othercombined vaccines. Its range of human vaccines comprises rabies, Hepatitis B, measles,MMR and DPT. IIL has one of the leading research and development centres in India. Thecompany has headquarters and manufacturing facilities in Hyderabad, an institute in Ootyand an overseas office in Vietnam.

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    2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12

    Andhra Pradesh is one of the leading cotton producingstates in the country, with production projected to reach arecord of 7.2 million bales over 2012-13 from 5.6 millionbales (bales of 170 kg each) during 2011-12. Medium gradeand superior long staple varieties of cotton arepredominantly grown in the state.

    The state government has identified the textile sector as oneof the long-term growth engines. To utilise the potential ofthe sector, the government has established five apparelexport parks (AEPs) and seven textile parks. It has proposedto establish another five AEPs and 12 textile parks in thestate.

    There are over 150 spinning mills including a number of 100per cent export-oriented units with state-of-the-artmachinery; producing cotton, synthetic and blended yarns.

    Between April 2006 and February 2012, 55 handloomclusters were sanctioned under the Integrated HandloomsDevelopment Scheme (IHDS).

    Apparels, fabrics and furnishings have been identified aspotential products for exports by the state.

    Source: Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey 2012-13,Cotton Corporation of India, * In Indian rupee terms

    Andhra Pradesh has emerged as a large textileprocessing centre. There are over 100 units with anannual processing capacity of about 13 million metres ofcloth.

    The number of power looms totaled 50,000, and 0.7million families depend on the textile and clothing sector.

    Handloom and textile exports (in US$ million)


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    1,263.1 1,230.3



    2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12

    A variety of agro-climatic conditions in the state make itconducive for growing a variety of horticulture crops such asfruits, vegetables, spices, tuber crops, plantation crops andfloriculture.

    Andhra Pradesh is one of the largest producers of rice inIndia. It is a leading producer of cash crops such as tobacco,groundnut, dry chilly, turmeric, oilseeds, cotton, sugarcaneand jute.

    During 2012-13, total area under food grains in the state isestimated to be 6.6 million hectares.

    The state government received a proposal to set up anmega agro and food processing park in Nizamabad districtthat remains subject to sanction from the Union AgriculturalMinistry.

    Source: Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey 2012-13* In Indian rupee terms


    Agro-based and forest products exports(in US$ million)

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    The state is one of the largest producers of horticulture products, with an estimated production of 28.9 million tonnes over 2012-13. Exports from horticulture stood at about US$ 148.0 million over 2011-12.

    Andhra Pradesh ranks first in the production of spices, fruits and crops including citrus, papaya, oil palm and tomato.

    The state produces some of the finest varieties of mangoes, grapes, guavas, papayas and bananas.

    Horticulture exports break-up, 2011-12 Horticulture production (in million tonnes) andarea (in million hectares)


    20.5 20.4

    26.6 27.328.9



    2.02.5 2.6

















    Production (LHS) Area (RHS)

    Source: Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey, 2012-13**Advanced estimates

    Processed fruits,vegetables 34%

    Other fresh fruits18%

    Onions 17%

    Other freshvegetables 13%

    Pulses 10%

    Floriculture andseeds 6%

    Cocoa products2%

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    ConAgra Foods

    Cargill India Pvt Ltd


    Andhra Pradesh DairyDevelopment Cooperative

    Federation (APDDCF)

    ConAgra Foods Inc, US, is one of the worlds leading food companies. It has partnered withAgro Tech Foods Ltd (formerly ITC Agro) and established an R&D centre to adapt foodtechnologies to Indian conditions. The company has a dominant market position in edibleoils and branded foods sectors. Brands include Sundrop, Healthy World, ACT II and Rath.Agro Tech Foods Limited, an affiliate of ConAgra Foods, has its registered office atSecunderabad.

    Cargill maintains a number of businesses in India, with operations including handling and

    processing of a wide range of products such as refined oils, grain and oilseeds, sugar,cotton and animal feed. Cargills presence in India has been growing since it began a jointventure (JV) operation in 1987. In 2006, it entered into a JV and subsequently owned aleading shrimp feed manufacturing farm in Rajahmundry. It has also entered into a JV withEID Parry for a sugar refinery at Kakinada in the state.

    ITC is a large Indian business conglomerate with diverse business interests including agri-foods, paper, fast moving consumer goods, lifestyle and retailing and hotels. Over 2011-12,its revenue totalled around US$ 7.27 billion. A substantial part of ITCs agri-business islocated in Andhra Pradesh. The company has a unit in Anaparti and Chirala, and a researchcentre in Rajamundhry. The company also runs its innovative internet-based e-choupalinitiative in the state for the benefit of farmers.

    APDDCF runs 12 dairy plants and manufactures milk products under the Vijaya brand.These plants together have a production capacity of 2,437 thousand litres per day. Productsinclude butter, ultra-high-temperature (UHT) milk, milk powder, ghee, flavoured milk, khoa,kulfi and processed cheese. It is one of the 15 dairy cooperatives operating under theNational Dairy Development Board (NDDB).

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    Source: Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey, 2011-12,

    Forestry sector

    Andhra Pradesh has 6.38 million hectares of forest area, which accounts for 23.2 per centof the total geographical area of the state.

    Major products include timber, bamboo, firewood & charcoal and beedi leaves. During 2012-13, the contribution of forestry and logging to GSDP was estimated at US$

    1,566 million.

    Fisheries sector

    The fisheries sector has been identified as one of the six growth engines in the agriculture

    sector under Vision-2020 of the state. Andhra Pradesh ranks first in the production of brackish-water shrimp and fresh-water

    prawns, contributing around 40 per cent to the countrys total marine exports. Total production of fish and prawns in the state expanded at a CAGR of 11 per cent over

    FY 2008-12 to reach 1.60 million tonnes. The contribution of fisheries to GSDP was estimated at US$ 3.0 billion during 2012-13.

    Fisheries sectordevelopments

    The state government entered into an agreement with US-based World TunaDevelopment International (WTDI) to develop a tuna fishery in the Bay of Bengal

    The government sanctioned US$ 2.94 million for the construction of four fish landingcentres in the state under Assistance to States for Developing Export Infrastructure andother Allied Activities (ASIDE) funds.

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    Animal husbandry is rapidly expanding in the state and isplaying a significant role in improving the rural economy.

    The sector provides gainful employment to a large numberof small and marginal farmers and agricultural labourers,and enhances their economic status.

    Activities of the animal husbandry department have beenoriented towards improving health of livestock and increasedproduction of milk, eggs and meat.

    As of 2011-12, the state had 5,045 institutes supportingproduction in the animal husbandry sector and 5,305institutes for health of livestock.

    Livestock was estimated to account for 28.5 per cent of the

    agriculture sector and 5.3 per cent of GSDP over 2012-13.



    Milk (milliontonnes)

    12.1 11.2

    Egg (in million) 21,210 20,128

    Meat (milliontonnes)

    0.82 0.75

    Milk and egg production

    7.9 8.9 9.6 10.411.2


    15.917.6 18.3

    19.4 20.1 21.2

    2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12

    Milk (million tonnes) Egg (in billion)

    Source:Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey 2012-13

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    According to the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, the net natural gas production was about 1,353 million cubic metresduring 2011-12. The states Krishna-Godavari basin area has a total hydrocarbon resource base of 1,130 million metrictonnes.

    Andhra Pradesh is the second Indian state, after Gujarat, to enter the oil and gas exploration and production segmentthrough bids for oil and gas blocks under the central governments New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP).

    The Andhra Pradesh government decided to enter the oil and gas exploration and development sector and set up a specialpurpose vehicle (SPV), the Andhra Pradesh Gas Infrastructure Corp. Limited (APGIC), as a joint venture between two state-owned entities. The infrastructure provider for industries in the state, Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation(APIIC), owns 51.0 per cent in the SPV and the remaining is held by AP Genco.

    APGIC secured four blocks under auction as part of consortium led by ONGC. APGIC owns 10 per cent in the consortium,while other partners ONGC, British Gas and Oil India hold 40 per cent, 35 per cent and 15 per cent, respectively.

    Hindustan Petroleum Corporation is setting up a diesel hydro-treater unit of 2.2 MMTPA at Visakhapatnam refinery with an

    investment of US$ 569.4 million. The project is presently in the completion stage.

    MMTPA: Million metric tonnes per annum

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    In October 2009, the Department of Petrochemicals,Government of India, signed a Memorandum of Agreement(MoA) with the Andhra Pradesh Government for setting up aPetroleum, Chemicals and Petrochemicals InvestmentRegion (PCPIR) in the Visakhapatnam-Kakinada region asan industrial cluster. The state government is in the processof finalising the master plan and obtaining environmentalclearances.

    PCPIR: Petroleum, Chemicals and Petrochemicals Investment RegionSource:

    Anchor projects in PCPIR

    Other major investors in PCPIR

    Key features of PCPIR

    The investments generated in the PCPIR are estimatedto be around US$ 72.3 billion.

    Total area of PCPIR is 603.58 square km.

    The project is said to have an employment generation

    capacity of 1.2 million.As per the latest update, total committed investmentsstood at US$ 35.8 billion.

    The petroleum and petrochemical sector accounted foraround 28 per cent of total committed investment.

    The state government is investing around US$ 3.95billion to develop external infrastructure in AndhraPradesh.

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    Andhra Pradesh is known for its pristine beaches, sacredplaces of worship, lush green forests, spicy cuisine andhospitable people.

    With tourist attractions such as Charminar, Golconda Fort,Ramoji Film City, Araku Valley, Borra Caves, Tirupati BalajiTemple and Puttaparthi Saibaba, the state offers attractiveinvestment opportunities to developers and investors.

    Andhra Pradesh is ranked 13th in international touristarrivals and accounted for 1.4 per cent of total internationaltourist arrivals in India in 2011. With 18.0 per cent share ofdomestic travelers, the state is ranked second in domestictourist arrivals.

    The Ministry of Tourism approved 40 projects during the 11thfive-year plan period (2007-12, up to March 2011) at aproject outlay of US$ 44.3 million and 11 projects over 2012-13 with an outlay of around US$ 10.7 million (including therecently approved Visakhapatnam-Bheemunipatnam BeachCorridor Mega Circuit).

    The state government has identified Hyderabad,Visakhapatnam, Tirupati, Vijayawada, Nagarjunasagar andWarangal for tourism development.

    Source: Ministry of Tourism, Government of India

    Arrival of international tourists in Andhra Pradesh(in 000s)

    Arrival of domestic tourists in Andhra Pradesh(in million)

    770.0 789.0 795.2



    2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

    127.9 132.7

    157.5 155.8


    2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

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    The Union Ministry of Tourism is planning to set up theSouthern Zonal Tourism Council (include Andhra Pradesh,Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory ofPuducherry) to develop integrated tourism circuits.

    Andhra Pradesh has ventured into the development of eco-tourism with private developers on the basis of design, build,finance, operations and maintenance.

    Sources: Ministry of Tourism, Government of IndiaAndhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey, 2012-13

    Upcoming megaprojects

    Current & upcomingeco-tourism projects

    Kadapa Heritage Circuit Hyderabad Botanical


    Tirupati Heritage Circuit Mahavir Nischal Van

    Charminar Area

    Night safari and Eco-park,Kothaguda (upcoming)

    Buddhavanam Project atNagarjuna Sagar

    Bird park, Kothaguda(upcoming)

    Vishakapatnam-Bheemunipatnam BeachCorridor Mega Circuit

    Mrugavani National Park,Chilkur (upcoming)

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    Leather Industries Development Corporation(LIDCAP)

    Nodal agency for leather industry development in thestate

    Plans to establish 72 mini-industrial parks on 25 acres ofland each for processing raw material, 16 medium

    industrial parks of 100 acres each for processing semi-finished leather and six mega industrial parks of morethan 300 acres each, including an International LeatherComplex at Krishnapatnam (KILC)

    KILC has world class infrastructure for leather tanningand leather processing. The project finance is supportedby the Government of India, Government of AndhraPradesh and has private participation in the SpecialPurpose Vehicle (SPV)

    KILC is located in Krishnapatnam in the Nellore district inan area of 412 acres near the sea coast. It is proposedthat KILC would house about 25 tanning units in a floorarea of 250 acres of land and about 21 leatherprocessing units with capacities ranging between six and25 tonnes and a total capacity of 300 tonnes over a floorarea of 220 acres.

    The state is a major producer of hides and skins, producingaround 19 million pieces per annum, constituting around10.0 per cent of the countrys output.

    Around 34 large and medium tanneries in the state produceabout 40 million sq ft of processed hides and skins perannum.

    Hyderabad and Nellore are the key leather productionclusters in the state.

    The government provides financial assistance in the form ofinvestment grants to the extent of 30.0 per cent of cost ofplant and machinery for small scale industries (SSI) and20.0 per cent of cost of plant and machinery for other units,subject to a ceiling of US$ 120,000 for technologyupgradation or/and expansion.

    Source: Leather Sector in AP, ILC Profile, LIDCAPWebsite:,

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    Share of the national mineral reserves (%) inIndia

    Barytes 94.0

    Kyanite 78.0

    Corundum 70.0

    Ball Clay 61.0

    Calcite 42.0

    Mica 41.0

    Garnet 26.0

    Ilmenite 23.0

    Limestone 20.0

    Dolomite 15.0

    Diamond 6.0

    The states mineral production was estimated at US$ 3.1billion over 2011-12.

    Andhra Pradesh contributed about 7.0 per cent to thecountrys mineral value production during 2011-12.

    The state received around US$ 0.5 billion of revenue from

    minerals during 2011-12.

    Andhra Pradesh has the highest deposits of barytes,limestone and beach sand heavy minerals in the country.

    The Government of India has started exploration of sizableuranium deposits in Kadapa and Nalgonda districts inAndhra Pradesh through M/s. Uranium Corporation IndiaLtd, a public sector undertaking.

    Sources: Indian Mineral Scenario - States, Ministry ofMines Website,

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    Coal is the major mineral produced in the state. Coal contributed 32.8 per cent to total revenue generated from mineralproduction in the state over 2011-12.

    Andhra Pradesh is the second largest cement producer in the country, with an installed capacity of 50 million tonnes per annumacross 42 plants.

    Value of exports (in US$ million) Andhra Pradesh - Minerals revenue (in US$ million)

    Sources: Andhra Pradesh Socio-Economic Survey 2012-13

    680.9 673.7





    2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12



    382.2 415.7















    2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12

    All minerals (LHS) Coal as a % of total production (RHS)

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    Hyderabad Gems SEZ Limited (HGSEZ)

    Spread across 200 acres, the Hyderabad SEZhouses about 75-100 diamond, gold and watchmanufacturing units.

    The SEZ has a training centre for manufacturingjewellery and cutting and polishing of diamonds.

    Hyderabad is one of the leading hubs for the jewellerysector in India. The state produces a wide array of preciousand semi-gems as well as pearls.

    Andhra Pradesh Gems and Jewellery Park is a joint venturebetween the IOI Corporation and Andhra Pradesh StateTrading Corporation. It has been developed as a state-of-the-art facility, in which the floor space would be sold tojewellers and pearl dealers.

    The state has an estimated reserve of 12.10 million tonnesof gold ore and 1.82 million carats of diamond.

    In the state, diamond is mostly found at Cuddapah,Anantapur, Bellary, Kurnool, Kistna, Godavary and Gunturdistricts.

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    M&M tractor manufacturing plant in Medak

    Entry of automobile manufacturers

    One of Indias largest automobile manufacturers

    Mahindra and Mahindra (M&M) inaugurated Asiaslargest tractor manufacturing plant at Medak district,Andhra Pradesh in March 2013.

    The facility has been set up with an investment ofaround US$ 55 million and has a production capacity of0.1 million tractors per year.

    M&M is planning to set up a passenger vehicle plant inthe state.

    Japanese auto manufacturer Isuzu Motors Ltdannounced plans to set up a light commercial vehicle(LCV) manufacturing plant in Chittoor district in 2013,with an estimated investment of US$ 276 million.

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    APTDC: Andhra Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation

    Hospitality, leisure andentertainment

    Being a major tourist hub in the country, the state is making rapid strides in the retail andentertainment segment.

    The sector is attracting investments in projects such as world-class spas, entertainmentcentres, mega shopping malls, multiplexes, business convention centres and theme parks.

    Urban entertainment, including amusement parks, has redefined leisure and entertainmentactivities in the state.

    Hotel projects under development include Taj GVK Hotels & Resorts, Pride Hotel, Duet

    India Hotels Ltd, Hotel Leela Ventures (all at Hyderabad), Svenska Hotels Ltd (port town). APTDC has planned to invest US$ 62.6 million to implement nine hotel projects and

    develop new facilities, including three eco-tourism sites.


    Organised retail is catching up fast with significant mall development in the pipeline. Shopping malls are being developed in suburban and peripheral areas followed by central

    business district. Reliance Retail opened its first 'Reliance Fresh' stores in Hyderabad and Secunderabad in

    late 2006. Reebok has opened its largest store in the world in Hyderabad. GVK Group opened GVKone,a world-class shopping space measuring over 700,000 sq

    ft in Hyderabad in May 2009. GVK one also hosts a 1,257-seat INOX multiplex, along with a themed entertainment

    centre Funzone in Hyderabad.

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    Electronics hardware

    Key segments within electronics hardware industries in the state includetelecommunications, industrial electronics, test and measuring equipment, computer andconsumer electronics and strategic electronics.

    There is immense scope for investments in the fields of nanotechnology, semiconductors,computer peripherals, appliances, precision engineering, integrated circuits, large scaleintegration chips (LSICs) and very large scale integration chips (VLSICs).


    An investment of US$ 3 billion has been announced for setting up a fabrication unit in FabCity, Hyderabad, to manufacture semiconductors used in computers, mobile phones andother digital devices

    Fab City has been allotted 1,050 acres, close to the new international airport. The Electronics Hardware Policy of the state offers various incentives, such as

    exemptions, reimbursements and facilitating technical education to promote the industry.

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    Andhra Pradesh is the first state in the country to have enacted the Industrial Single Window Clearance Act No 17 of 2002. TheAct made it compulsory for new industries to register with the single-window to obtain clearances quickly. It also simplifiedprocedures for getting industrial clearances.

    Committees were constituted at district and state levels to communicate to the applicant, the status of their clearances. It hasset time slots for issuing clearances and incorporated a provision for deemed approval after the expiry of time limit.

    District level committees can clear investments not exceeding US$ 219,442. State level committees can clear those exceedingUS$ 219,442.

    Above the district and state level committees is an empowered committee headed by the Chief Secretary of the stategovernment, who reviews and monitors disposal of applications. Overall, a State Board under the chairmanship of the ChiefMinister oversees the progress of the scheme.

    The maximum time taken to issue clearance of applications at all stages is 45 days. Violation of the provisions of the Act madeeither through self-assessment or otherwise would invite a penalty of US$ 109 in the first instance and US$ 219 in the second


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    Agency Description

    State InvestmentPromotion Board


    The SIPB has been created by the Government of Andhra Pradesh with the state Chief Ministeras Chairman and members (consisting of Finance Minister, Minister for Revenue, Minister forMajor Industries, Minister for Energy, and other ministers) connected with specific projects asspecial invitees as well as the Chief Secretary to Government as member or convener.

    The Industries & Commerce Department issues a single order on each project, incorporating thedecisions of the Board. The concerned Departments of Secretariat issue further necessary orders,with which they are concerned, on the decisions taken by the SIPB.

    Major Industries,Commerce and

    Export PromotionMinistry

    Controls the office of Principal Secretary, Industries & Commerce, Commissioner of IndustrialPromotion.

    They are responsible for SSIs and control the office of the Commissioner of Industries & ExportPromotion, Commissioner Handlooms and Textiles, Commissioner for Sugar and Director, Minesand Geology.

    The Industries & Commerce department is headed by the Industries Minister and is controlled bythe Principal Secretary.

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    Corporations under Industries and Commerce Department

    Andhra Pradesh Industrial Development Corporation (APIDC)

    Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC)

    Andhra Pradesh Mineral Development Corporation (APMDC)

    Andhra Pradesh State Finance Corporation (APSFC)

    Andhra Pradesh State Trading Corporation (APSTC)

    Andhra Pradesh State Handloom Weavers Co-operative Society Limited (APCO)

    Leather Industries Development Corporation of Andhra Pradesh (LIDCAP)

    Andhra Pradesh Handicrafts Development Corporation (APHDC)

    Andhra Pradesh Khadi & Village Industries Board (KVIB)

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    Agency Contact information

    Andhra Pradesh Industrial InfrastructureCorporation

    6th Floor, Parisrama BhavanFateh Maidan Road, Basheerbagh

    Hyderabad - 500 004Phone: 91-40-2323 7622, 2321 2798

    Fax: 91-40-2323 3393, 2323 3251E-mail: [email protected]


    Department of Industries and Commerce

    Industries and Commerce Department2nd Floor, D Block, Room No-348A

    SecretariatHyderabad - 500022

    Phone: 91-040-23454449Fax: 91-040-23452985

    E-mail: s[email protected]:

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    S No Approvals and clearances required Respective departments of state Estimated time

    1Registration, Industrial EntrepreneursMemorandum (IEM), Industrial Licenses

    Registrar of Firms 7 days

    2 Allotment of Land/Shed in IndustrialEstates or Industrial Areas

    Andhra Pradesh IndustrialDevelopment Corporation

    7 days for up to1,000 sq m

    21 days for above

    1,000 sq m

    3Acquisition and alienation of governmentlands

    Chief Commissioner of LandAdministration (CCLA)

    45 days

    4 Site and Building Plan Approval

    Panchayat Raj Department

    7 daysUrban Development Authority

    Town and Country Planning


    5 Change of land use

    Urban Development Authority

    45 daysTown and Country Planning


    Source: Commissionerate of Industries, Government of Andhra Pradesh

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    S No Approvals and clearances required Respective departments of state Estimated time

    6Consent for establishmentunder Pollution Control


    AP Pollution Control Board

    7 days

    Orange 21 days

    Red 45 days

    7Consent for operation

    under Pollution Control


    AP Pollution Control Board

    7 days

    Orange 21 days

    Red 45 days

    8 No-Objection Certificate for Fire Safety Fire Services Department 15 days

    9 Permission for Establishment of Distillery

    Excise Department

    30 days

    10Licence for possession and use ofRectified Spirit

    7 days

    11Licence for possession and use ofDenatured Spirit

    7 days

    12 VAT/CST registration Commercial Taxes Department 7 days

    Source: Commissionerate of Industries, Government of Andhra Pradesh

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    S No Approvals and clearances required Respective departments of state Estimated time

    13 Power feasibility

    Power Distribution Companies

    7 days

    14 Power connection 23 days

    15 Approval of factory plans

    Factories Department

    7 days

    16 Factory license 7 days

    17 Sanction of water supplyHyderabad Metro Water Supply andSewerage Board

    7 days

    18 Water connection 23 days

    19Permission to draw water from riversand/or public tanks

    Irrigation Department 30 days

    Source: Commissionerate of Industries, Government of Andhra Pradesh

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    Parameter Cost estimate

    Land Price (US$ per sq m) 20 to 200

    Labour Cost (minimum wages per day) US$ 2.8 to US$ 5.5

    Lease Rent (US cents per sq ft per month) 36.6 to 61.0

    Electricity (US cents per kWh)Commercial: 8.0 to 18.7Industrial: 7.6 to 12.5

    Residential Rent (US cents per sq ft per month) 12.6 to 62.5

    Five-Star Hotel Room (US$ per night) 125 to 512

    Water Cost (US$ per 1,000 litres per month)Commercial (Hyderabad ): 0.42 to 1.04Industrial (Hyderabad): 0.52 to 2.08

    Sources: Andhra Pradesh Government Websites and Industry Sources, Ministryof Labour and Employment, Government of India,

    Andhra Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission,Hyderabad Metropolitan Water Supply & Sewerage Board

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    Electronic Hardware Policy 2012-2017

    To provide special incentives and facilities for the electronic hardware sector in line with thepresent ICT policy. The policy would cover areas such as industrial electronics, communication &broadcast equipments, computers & peripherals, and strategic electronics & components(semiconductors, solar & displays)

    Read more


    Andhra Pradesh Solar Power Policy -2012

    To encourage, develop and promote solar power generation in the state with a view to meetgrowing demand for power in an environmentally and economically sustainable manner

    To attract investment in the state for the establishment of solar power plantsRead more


    Food Processing Policy 2010-2015

    To provide a special focus to the food processing industry by extending the benefits for five yearsfrom April 2010 to March 2015. The policy would cover areas such as horticulture, agriculture,animal husbandry, fisheries, agro food processing industries and allied industries

    Read more

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    Industrial Investment Promotion Policy (IIPP) 2010-2015

    To build a strong and vibrant industrial economy that spins off large capital formation in the

    state and advances inclusive development of all sections of the population and industry thatcreates increasing employment opportunities, and raises wage incomes to higher levelsthrough skill upgradation to improve the quality of life of citizens of the state.

    Read more


    Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Policy 2010-15

    To make Andhra Pradesh one of the fore runners in the IT sector in the country The objective wouldbe achieved through the following initiatives:

    Provision of congenial, industry-friendly and proactive climate for IT companies to locate, growand sustain their operations in a most competitive and hassle-free environment

    Creation of employment opportunities for the educated youth of all sections of the society across

    regions Achieving higher levels of exports, resulting in enhanced productivity and augmentation of GSDP

    To spread IT to every nook and corner of the state

    Leverage IT as a tool for the socio-economic development of the state. Read more

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    Biotechnology Policy 2001

    To undertake a detailed inventory evaluation of bio-resources in the state to encourage researchand development (R&D), develop high-quality infrastructure and provide special incentives to thebiotech industry

    Read more


    Tourism Policy 2010

    To position the state competitively for attracting private sector investments in the tourism andhospitality sectors

    To target the incentives to the private sector better as per the state government's priorities interms of geographical areas and tourism products

    To focus on maximum generation of employment in the sector by the development of HumanResources through capacity building

    Read more

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    Average for the year

    YearINR equivalent of one


    2004-05 44.95

    2005-06 44.28

    2006-07 45.28

    2007-08 40.24

    2008-09 45.91

    2009-10 47.41

    2010-11 45.57

    2011-12 47.94

    2012-13 54.31

    Exchange rates

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