bhaktivinoda thakura bhaktyaloka

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Sr BhakfyaIokaSila llaliivinoda TlaluiaTianslaicd by llumipaii DasaSix FauIfs Thaf Desfroy BhakfiAfyaharaOvereafing or foo much coIIecfingIn lis Sri Lpacsamrta, Sila Rupa Gosvam las wiiiicn ilc lollowing vcisc:atyanaran prayasas ca prajaIpo nyamagrananjana-sangas ca IauIyam ca sabnr bnahtr vnasyatOnc's dcvoiional scivicc is spoilcd wlcn lc bccomcs ioo cnianglcd in ilc lollowing six aciiviiics: (1) atyanara, caiing moic ilan ncccssaiy oi collcciing moic lunds ilan icquiicd; (2) prayasa, ovcicndcavoiing loi mundanc ilings ilai aic vciy dilliculi io obiain; (3) prajaIpa, ialling unncccssaiily aboui mundanc subjcci maiicis; (+) nyamagrana, piaciicing ilc sciipiuial iulcs and icgulaiions only loi ilc salc ol lollowing ilcm and noi loi ilc salc ol spiiiiual advanccmcni, oi icjcciing ilc iulcs and icgulaiions ol ilc sciipiuics and woiling indcpcndcnily oi wlimsically; (5) jana-sanga, associaiing wiil woildly-mindcd pcisons wlo aic noi inicicsicd in Kisna consciousncss; and (6) IauIyam, bcing giccdy loi mundanc aclicvcmcnis.`Ii is mosi impoiiani io considci ilc dccp mcaning ol ilis vcisc. Ioi anyonc wlo wanis io cngagc in puic dcvoiional scivicc, ii is cspccially ncccssaiy io lollow ilc insiiuciions ol ilis vcisc. Ioi onc wlo ncglccis io lollow ilcsc insiiuciions, aiiaining dcvoiion io Loid Haii is cxiicmcly iaic. Wc aic lcicby claboiaiing ilc mcaning ol ilis vcisc loi ilc bcnclii ol ilosc wlo lavc a siiong dcsiic io aiiain puic dcvoiional scivicc. In ilis vcisc six impcdimcnis io dcvoiional scivicc aic mcniioncd-atyanara, prayasa, prajaIpa, nyamagrana, jana-sanga, and IauIya. Wc will scpaiaicly discuss cacl ol ilcsc six iicms. In ilis small clapici only ilc mcaning ol ilc woid atyanara is bcing discusscd.Many pcoplc may ilinl ilai ilc woid atyanara iclcis only io ovcicaiing, bui ilis is noi so. Ii is cxplaincd in ilc liisi vcisc ol Lpacsamrta:vaco vcgam manasan hrona-vcgamjnva-vcgam uaropastna-vcgamctan vcgan yo vsancta niransarvam apimam prtnvim sa ssyatA sobci pcison wlo can iolciaic ilc uigc io spcal, ilc mind's dcmands, ilc aciions ol angci, and ilc uigcs ol ilc ionguc, bclly, and gcniials is qualilicd io malc disciplcs all ovci ilc woild.`In ilis icgaid, ilc uigc ol ilc ionguc is ilc dcsiic io iasic loodsiulls. Tlc uigc ol ilc siomacl is ilc dcsiic io ovcicai. Il wc undcisiand ilc woid atyanara in ilc sccond vcisc as ovcicaiing, ilc lauli ol icpciiiion occuis in ilis condcnscd collcciion ol csscniial insiiuciions. Tlcicloic ii is ilc duiy ol ilc lcaincd icadcis io lind oilci mcanings loi ilc woid atyanara as uscd by ilc mosi giavc Rupa Gosvam.Alilougl bnojana, oi caiing, is ilc piinciplc mcaning ol ilc woid anara1, ilc woid bnojana also mcans io cnjoy ilc objccis ol ilc livc scnscs. Ioim by ilc cycs, sound by ilc cais, smcll by ilc nosc, iasic by ilc ionguc, lccling ol lcai and cold, soli and laid by ilc ioucl-in ilis way, ilc livc scnscs cnjoy. Tlis iypc ol maiciial cnjoymcni is compulsoiy loi an cmbodicd soul. Wiiloui cnjoying ilc scnsc objccis, a living cniiiy cannoi suivivc. As soon as ilc living cniiiy givcs up scnsc cnjoymcni, lc lcavcs lis body. Tlcicloic, giving up scnsc cnjoymcni is only a ligmcni ol ilc imaginaiion, ii can ncvci bc applicd in piaciicc. Loid Si Kisna insiiucicd Aijuna in ilc Pnagava-gita (3.5-6):na n hasct hsanam ap jatu tstnaty aharma-hrtharyatc ny avasan harma sarvan prahrt-jar gunanharmcnryan samyamya ya astc manasa smarannryartnan vmunatma mtnyacaran sa ucyatcLvciyonc is loiccd io aci lclplcssly accoiding io ilc qualiiics lc las acquiicd liom ilc modcs ol maiciial naiuic; ilcicloic no onc can icliain liom doing somciling, noi cvcn loi a momcni. Onc wlo icsiiains ilc scnscs ol aciion bui wlosc mind dwclls on scnsc objccis cciiainly dcludcs limscll and is callcd a picicndci.`Sincc mainiaining onc's lilc is noi possiblc wiiloui aciion, onc musi woil io mainiain lis lilc. Il sucl aciiviiics aic donc in ilc mood ol cnjoymcni, ilcn onc's qualilicaiion as a luman is losi and lc bccomcs lilc an animal. Tlcicloic il onc can iiansloim all lis bodily aciiviiics inio aciiviiics lavoiablc io ilc dcvoiional scivicc ol ilc Loid, ilcn ilai is bnaht-yoga. Again, ilc Loid says in ilc Gita (6.16-17, 5.S-9):naty-asnatas tu yogo st na cahantam anasnatanna cat-svapna-siIasya jagrato nava carjunayuhtanara-vnarasya yuhta-ccstasya harmasu yuhta-svapnavabonasya yogo bnavat unhna-nanava hnct haromit yuhto manycta tattva-vtpasyan srnvan sprsan jgnrann asnan gaccnan svapan svasanpraIapan vsrjan grnnann unmsan nmsann ap nryaninryartncsu vartanta t narayan Tlcic is no possibiliiy ol onc's bccoming a yogi, O Aijuna, il onc cais ioo mucl, oi cais ioo liiilc, slccps ioo mucl, oi docs noi slccp cnougl. Hc wlo is icmpciaic in lis labiis ol caiing, slccping, woiling, and iccicaiion can miiigaic all maiciial pains by piaciicing ilc yoga sysicm. A pcison in ilc divinc consciousncss, alilougl cngagcd in sccing, lcaiing, ioucling, smclling, caiing, moving aboui, slccping, and bicailing, always lnows wiilin limscll ilai lc aciually docs noiling ai all. lccausc wlilc spcaling, cvacuaiing, iccciving, oi opcning oi closing lis cycs, lc always lnows ilai only ilc maiciial scnscs aic cngagcd wiil ilcii objccis and ilai lc is alool liom ilcm.`Alilougl ilcsc insiiuciions aic cllcciivc loi jnanis, siill, ilcii puipoii is lavoiablc loi dcvoiional scivicc. Tlc concluding vcisc ol Pnagava-gita cxplains aboui saranagat, oi lull suiicndci. Kccping ilis in mind, onc slould icnouncc liuiiivc aciiviiics and plilosoplical spcculaiion and acccpi scnsc objccis as ilc Loid's mcicy. Tlis is lnown as puic dcvoiional scivicc. Tlcicloic Sila Rupa Gosvam las said in ilc Pnaht-rasamrta-snnu (2.255-256):anasahtasya vsayan yatnarnam upayunjatannrbannan hrsna-sambannc yuhtam varagyam ucyatcprapanchataya bunya nar-sambann-vastunanmumuhsubnn partyago varagyam pnaIgu hatnyatcWlcn onc is noi aiiaclcd io anyiling, bui ai ilc samc iimc acccpis cvciyiling in iclaiion io Kisna, onc is iiglily siiuaicd abovc posscssivcncss. On ilc oilci land, onc wlo icjccis cvciyiling wiiloui lnowlcdgc ol iis iclaiionslip io Kisna is noi as complcic in lis icnunciaiion.`Tlc puipoii ol ilcsc iwo vciscs is icpcaicd in Sri Lpacsamrta by ilc insiiuciion io icjcci atyanara. Tlc puipoii is ilai il onc acccpis scnsc objccis in ilc spiiii ol cnjoymcni, ilai is atyanara. lui il scnsc objccis aic acccpicd as ilc Loid's mcicy and only as lai as icquiicd and lavoiablc loi dcvoiional scivicc, ilcn ii is noi atyanara. Il scnsc objccis aic loncsily acccpicd as ilc Loid's mcicy, ilcn yuhta-varagya is casily aiiaincd. Siman Malapiablu's oidci is io acccpi scnsc objccis wiiloui aiiaclmcni and clani Kisna's namc. Don'i cndcavoi loi palaiablc loodsiulls and linc cloilcs. Acccpi ilc sanciilicd bnagavata-prasaa ilai is casily obiainablc. Tlis is ilc dcvoicc's lilcsiylc. Wlaicvci is icquiicd, ialc only ilai. Taling moic oi lcss will noi yicld auspicious icsulis. Il ilc piaciiiionci ialcs oi accumulaics moic ilan ncccssaiy, lis spiiiiual lilc will bc losi duc io lis bcing coniiollcd by maiciial mcllows. Il lc docs noi piopcily accumulaic, ilcn ilc body, wlicl is lis mcans ol woislip, will noi bc pioiccicd.Tlc puipoii ol ilc insiiuciion io iolciaic ilc uigcs ol ilc ionguc and bclly mcniioncd in ilc liisi vcisc is ilis: Tlc maiciialisi casily bccomcs giccdy io cnjoy ilc lincsi iasics, and bcing alllicicd by lungci, lc bccomcs cxiicmcly agiiaicd and cnilusiasiic io cai ilc availablc loodsiulls. Tlis is a maiciial uigc. Wlcncvci ilis iypc ol uigc will aiisc, ii slould bc coniiollcd by ilc culiivaiion ol dcvoiional scivicc. Tlc injunciion io icjcci atyanara mcniioncd in ilc sccond vcisc is a consiiiuiional iulc loi ilc piaciiiionci. Tlc injunciion ol ilc liisi vcisc is condiiional, and ilc injunciion ol ilc sccond is consiiiuiional.Tlcic is onc moic iling io bc said. All ilcsc insiiuciions lavc iwo dillcicni iypcs ol applicaiions-loi ilc louscloldcis and loi ilc icnunciaics. Houscloldcis can collcci in oidci io mainiain ilcii lamily mcmbcis. Tlcy slould cain ilcii livclilood and savc accoiding io icligious piinciplcs. Wiil ilis savings ilcy slould scivc ilc Loid, ilc dcvoiccs, gucsis, lamily mcmbcis, and ilcmsclvcs. Il a louscloldci collccis moic ilan lis icquiicmcni, ilcn ilis is an impcdimcni in lis dcvoiional scivicc and in lis aclicving ilc Loid's mcicy. So saving ioo mucl and caining ioo mucl aic boil atyanara-ilcic is no doubi. A icnunciaic will noi collcci ai all. Il lc is noi saiislicd by ilc alms lc obiains cvciyday, ilcn lc is guiliy ol atyanara. Alici gciiing nicc loodsiulls, il lc cais moic ilan lc nccds, ilcn lc is guiliy ol atyanara. Tlcicloic ilc louscloldcis and icnunciaics slould considci ilcsc lacis caiclully, and alici giving up atyanara, wlcn ilcy cngagc in dcvoiional scivicc ilcy will aiiain Kisna's mcicy.PrayasaOverendeavoringIl prayasa is noi givcn up, dcvoiion will ncvci aiisc. Tlc woid prayasa mcans cndcavoi, usclcss laboi. Spiiiiual lilc is noiling oilci ilan puic dcvoiion unio ilc Supicmc Loid. Dcvoiion cannoi bc dclincd by any sympioms oilci ilan lull suiicndci and suboidinaiion unio ilc loius lcci ol ilc Supicmc Loid. Iull suiicndci and suboidinaiion aic ilc naiuial, cicinal consiiiuiional duiics ol ilc living cniiiics. Tlcicloic, only dcvoiional scivicc is ilc naiuial piopcnsiiy oi inlcicni occupaiion. In onc's inlcicni occupaiion ilcic is no nccd ol prayasa; siill,in ilc living cniiiy's condiiioncd siaic ilcic is nccd loi a small amouni ol prayasa in oidci io culiivaic dcvoiional scivicc. Lxccpi ilis liiilc prayasa, all oilci linds ol prayasa aic unlavoiablc loi dcvoiional scivicc. Prayasa is ol iwo linds-jnana-prayasa and harma-prayasa. In jnana-prayasa ilc lccling ol oncncss, oi hcvaIavata, aiiscs. Tlis is also lnown as sayujya, mciging, oi branma-nrvana, absoipiion in ilc Supicmc. jnana-prayasa is losiilc io spiiiiual lilc; ilis is cxplaincd in