class-28 (verb) i have to drop her as far as bus stop. he has to work for this company. 4....

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  • Class-28 (VERB)

    VERB

    A word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and forming the main part of

    the predicate of a sentence is known as verb. As- play, dance, sing, teach, etc.

    KINDS OF VERB

    Verb दो प्रकार के होते हैं;

    (1) Auxiliary Verb

    (2) Main Verb

    (1) Auxiliary Verb- इस verb को Helping Verb (सहायक क्रिया) भी कहते है | इसका काम Main

    Verb की सहायता करना होता है | ये दो प्रकार के होते हैं;

    Primary Auxiliaries- Verb to be, Verb to do and Verb to have को Primary Auxiliaries की

    Verbs कहते हैं | ये Helping Verb और Main Verb दोनों रूपों में प्रयोग की जाती है |

    Verb to be- is, am, are, was, were.

    Verb to have- has, have, had.

    Verb to do- do, does, did.

    Use of “Verb to be”

    He is to leave for the meeting right now.

    They are about to reach Dehradun.

    Use of “Verb to have”

    1. Have का प्रयोग eat, drink, see, take, enjoy experience, do, happen, relationship, illness,

    receive, possess, के अर्थ में होता है |

    Have lunch/ dinner/ a meal/ coffee/ tea/ a drink/ a dream/ a bath/ a sleep/ a walk/ an

    accident/ yoga/ a house/ two daughters/ a bad headache/ etc.

    2. जब काम खुद न करके क्रकसी दूसरे से कराया जाये तो Have/Get + Object + V3

  • I had him thrown out of my cabin.

    I had my hair cut.

    I had/got his work done.

    3. Have + to + V1

    I have to drop her as far as bus stop.

    He has to work for this company.

    4. “Had” if के अर्थ में;

    Had he worked hard, he would have scored good marks.

    Use of “Verb to do”

    1. To emphasis imperative sentence

    Do take care of her.

    Do speak in English.

    2. Question Tag me do, does & did का प्रयोग

    She knows me, doesn’t she?

    I love you, don’t you?

    3. Short Answer में Principal Verb के Repetition को रोकने के क्रिए do, does, did का प्रयोग

    क्रकया जाता है | ऐसे वाक्यों में so/ neither/ nor/ either + do/ does/ did + Subject का प्रयोग

    Second Clause में क्रकया जाता है |

    Neha does not do anything neither does her brother.

    Pooja sings well and so does her brother.

    4. Short Answer के क्रिए प्रश्न कताथ की बात में सहमक्रत या असहमक्रत दर्ाथने के क्रिए do, does and did

    का प्रयोग क्रकया जाता है |

    Do you love her?

    Yes I do.

  • Did he slapped you?

    No, he didn’t.

    Modal Auxiliaries- Will, would, can, could, shall, should, may, might, must, ought to,

    used to, need तर्ा dare को Modal Auxiliaries कहा जाता है | इनका प्रयोग हमेर्ा क्रकसी न क्रकसी

    Main Verb के सार् होता है | ये Singular तर्ा Plural दोनों प्रकार की Verbs के सार् सामान रहते हैं |

    जैसे;

    He can sing a song.

    They can sing a song.

    I can sing a song.

    Modal Auxiliaries के दो भाग हैं;

    Absolute Modals- Will, would, can, could, shall, should, may, might, must तर्ा ought to.

    Marginal Modals- used to, need तर्ा dare. इनका प्रयोग Main Verb के रूप में भी होता है,

    इसक्रिए इन्हें Marginal Modals कहते हैं |

    Use of ‘Can’

    1- ability (योग्यता), capacity (क्षमता) and Power (र्क्रि) को दर्ाथने के क्रिए |

    He can hold this weight till one day.

    I can speak English fluently and confidently.

    2- Permission (अनुमक्रत) िेने या देने के क्रिए |

    Can I help you?

    You cannot sit here for a long time.

    3. Habit या Nature बताने के क्रिए |

    A mother cannot be cruel to her child.

    A stupid person can make conspiracy against you.

    4- Theoretical Possibility (सैद्ाांक्रतक सम्भावना) बताने के क्रिए |

  • Electricity in the flooded area can be dangerous.

    Water can extinguish the fire of Amazon forest.

    5- Verbs of perception (see, hear, smell, taste, feel) के सार् |

    Can you see the moon?

    Now, he cannot hear us.

    Use of ‘Could’

    1- Past की Ability (योग्यता), capacity (क्षमता) and Power (र्क्रि) को दर्ाथने के क्रिए |

    He could teach ten hours together when he was young.

    He was very brave and handsome when he was 21 year old.

    2. Possibility (सांभावना) को दर्ाथने के क्रिए |

    He could be in trouble if he went there.

    High jump could be dangerous for you.

    3. Unreal situation को दर्ाथने के क्रिए |

    If I had money, I could visit Shimla.

    I wish I could buy a car.

    4. Interrogative Sentence में Request (प्रार्थना) के भाव को दर्ाथने के क्रिए |

    Could you lend me your pen please?

    Could you get up at 5am for morning walk?

    5. Past Tense को दर्ाथने के क्रिए can के स्र्ान पर could का प्रयोग होता है |

    He said that he could not play with me.

    He did all that he could.

    Use of ‘May’

    1- May का प्रयोग Permission (अनुमक्रत) िेने या देने के क्रिए क्रकया जाता है |

  • May I come in, Sir?

    You may do whatever you want.

    2- May का प्रयोग Possibility (सम्भावना) दर्ाथने के क्रिए क्रकया जाता है |

    Your father may come today.

    As the sky is not clear, it may rain today.

    3- May का प्रयोग क्रकसी के क्रिए wish (कामना), Bless (आर्ीवाथद), Curse (अक्रभर्ाप), Pray

    (प्रार्थना) को दर्ाथने के क्रिए क्रकया जाता है |

    May you live 1000 years!

    May her soul rest in peace!

    4- May का प्रयोग Purpose (उदे्दश्य) बताने के क्रिए that, so that या in order that के बाद आने

    वािी clause में होता है |

    Study at least 12 hours a day so that you may get good marks in SSC.

    He is running very fast in order that he may reach his college on time.

    5- May का प्रयोग तब भी क्रकया जाता है जब Uncertainty (अक्रनक्रितता) में Surprise (आियथ) का

    भाव हो |

    How beautiful my Facebook friend may be!

    Who may be there behind you!

    Use of ‘Might’

    1- Past Time Activity को व्यि करने के क्रिए May की जगह Might का प्रयोग क्रकया जाता है |

    He said that it might be stormy weather today.

    She might be waiting for you at the temple.

    2- Less Possibility (कम सम्भावना) को दर्ाथने के क्रिए May की जगह Might का प्रयोग क्रकया जाता

    है |

    India might win the test series.

  • She might be in trouble.

    3- Imagination (कल्पना) को व्यि करने के क्रिए I wish/ we wish/ as though/ as if के बाद वािी

    clause में Might का प्रयोग क्रकया जाता है |

    I wish she might have come a little earlier.

    He looked as if he might have decided to quit.

    4- Polite suggestion (क्रवनम्र सुझाव) या Scolding (डाांट-फटकार) के क्रिए Might का प्रयोग क्रकया

    जाता है |

    She might have asked lift to me first.

    You might take Ola if you are getting late for the office.

    Use of ‘Shall/Will’

    1. Will और Shall का प्रयोग Future के Activity को दर्ाथने के क्रिए क्रकया जाता है क्रजसमें Will का

    प्रयोग You, He, She, It, They, It और दूसरे Nouns के सार् क्रकया जाता ह

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