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¤ All India War Memorial
India Gate is constructed as a memorial and was built in the
memory of 90,00 soldiers who laid down their lives during worldwar I. Located at Rajpath, India Gate is 42 m high and is popular
relaxation area during the summer evenings. India Gate also act
as popular pinic spot during winter. Also known as the All India
War Memorial, India Gate was designed and constructed by
Lutyens. He was the who is considered the chief proclaimer in
designing the New Delhi plans.
Jama Masjid in Delhi¤ The Biggest Mosque
Near the Red Fort about 500m awayis the Jama masjid, the biggest mosque in India. It was
begun by Shah Jahan in 1650 and completed six years later
and the whole cost about a million rupees. It is hard to imagine
a building more suited to evoking the awe of the majesty of
Allah in man. The mosque stands on a rocky elevation. Its
huge gateway looks down at you like fastidious connoisseur from
an immense platform which has steps that lead up to it.
Constructed in Sandstone and white
marble, Jama Masjid can be entered from both the directions -
North and the South Gates. The eastern gateway is supposed to
remain open in Friday and was used by the emperor himself.
Jama Masjid is cluttered by devotees who offer namaz, especially during Muslim Festival. For those
who don't belong to non - Muslim community, a specified time is mentioned to enter the mosque.
Birla MandirAlso Known As Lakshmi-Narayan Mandir
¤ Also Known As Birla Mandir
Strictly speaking, this structure is not part of the New Delhi
Lutyens designed. Famous Birla Mandir in Delhi is essentially a
Hindu temple which came up alongside with New Delhi and has
therefore been pegged with it. Popularly known as the Birla
Mandir, it is the first of the temples built across the country by
the industrial family of Birla. Located just off Connaught Place on
Mandir Marg, it is dedicated to Vishnu, the second of the Hindu
Trinity of creator-preserver-destroyer, and his consort Lakshmi,
the Goddess of wealth.
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Lotus Temple - Modern Temple of Delhi
Lotus Temple - a modern of Delhi is one such temple that
facilitates the Bhai's Faith of Worship. The Baha¶i House of
Worship is dedicated to the oneness of all religions and mankind.
Subsidiary buildings that afford relief to the suffering, sustenance
to the poor, shelter to the wayfarer, solace to the bereaved and
education to the ignorant will abound around the House of
There is no clergy in the Baha¶i Faith and its service consists of
prayers and readings of selections from Baha¶i scriptures, and
religious texts of the other faiths of the world.
Delhi Red Fort¤ The Construction
Built during the reign of Shah Jahan, the Lal Qila (or Red Fort)
has been a mute witness to innumerable conspiracies, scandals,
battles..... Completed in a span of nine years, it cost about ten
million rupees , with about half the sum going towards the
building of palaces.
The fort is octagonal in shape, like most Islamic buildings in
India. The north of the fort is connected to the smaller Salimgarh
fort. The Red Fort is an intimidating structure. It measures 900m
by 550m, with its rampart walls covering a perimeter of 2.41km.
It towers at a height of 33.5m. On the outside, you can still see
the moat that was originally connected with the Yamuna River.
Parliament House of India
¤ Also Known As Sansad Bhawan - A Large
If it were not for the Montagu-Chelmsford reforms of 1919, the
Parliament House may not have been built. It¶s corny how thebuilding most indispensable to modern Indian democracy came
up as an afterthought. Earlier called the Circular House, it was
added to the layout at a later stage following the reforms which
created a large Legislative Assembly.
This edifice is the brainchild of Herbert Baker and was much
criticized in comparison with Lutyens creations. An article by
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Robert Byron in Architectural Review, January 1931describes it thus: "The Council Chamber has been
Sir Herbert¶s unhappiest venture. Its effect from a distance has been described. It resembles a
Spanish bull-ring, lying like a mill-wheel dropped accidentally on its side."
Rashtrapati Bhawan (Viceroy Palace)-Best Known Monument of British Empire
The Viceroy Palace remains Lutyens most significant achievement.
It is befittingly the crowning glory of the British Empire and
architecture in India. Today, it is perhaps Indias best known
monument after the Taj Mahal and the Qutub Minar. Bigger than
the Palace of Versailles, it cost a whopping £12,53,000 and now
houses the President of India. It is unquestionably a masterpiece of
symmetry, discipline, silhouette, colour and harmony. of course, it
has come in for much criticism too but that has mostly been
limited to the imperial intent behind it rather than its architecture.
Qutub Minar in Delhi¤ Constructed As A Holy Minar
The world famous towering Qutub Minar, started in 1192 by
Qutub-ud-din Aibak (1192-98), breathes down the neck of the
Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque. There is a slight difference of opinion
as to its purpose: it probably was a tower of victory, but then
again it could have been built to be a minar (tower), attached tothe Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque, for the muezzin (priest) to climb
up top for a prayer.
¤ Other Belief of Its Construction