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    Understanding Dharma

    Hindu Basics:

    Source of the word Hindu?

    Sindhu? Indu Mahasagar? HimSindhu? Indu Mahasagar? Him--Dhu?Dhu?

    What is Hinduism?What is Hinduism?

    The term was used by the Christian missionaries. To

    them it was a strange tribalism and because

    Christianity was the only religion to them, any other

    ideas had to be an ism so the called it Hindu-ism.

    Other names?Other names?

    Sanatana Dharma, Vedic Dharma, Brahminism or

    Brahminical Dharma or Just DharmaDharma

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    Understanding Dharma

    Hindu Basics

    For thousands of years of experimentationin all possible fields of human domain arebeing done by the people of Bharat (indian

    subcontinent).

    Bharat has a heritage that has developed agreat spiritual culture, great traditions,

    unmatched artistic achievements, andgrand social, economic, political, healthand educational systems from which all

    nations have learned.

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    Understanding Dharma

    Hindu BasicsHindu history is written with immense

    contribution to the world in the field of

    science, math, language and a glorioushistory of heroic valor without attacking

    others. But the most important is its

    knowledge of the Self and the universe in

    its Vedicand Vedantictreasure houses. All

    of these are part of what is called

    Hinduism

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    Understanding Dharma

    Hindu BasicsHow the universe, a society, a system or a

    being is sustained depends upon certain

    principles and laws. The eternal andunchanging rules of being, becoming and

    sustaining, the order that holds things

    together is literally Sanatana (eternal)

    Dharma (sustaining principles).

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    Understanding Dharma

    Dharma:DharmaDharma is a Sanskrit term, which literallyis a Sanskrit term, which literally

    means means that which holds togetherthat which holds together or or sustainssustainsthe natural order of thingsthe natural order of things..

    It refers to the universalIt refers to the universal principlesprinciples andand lawslaws,,dutiesduties andand righteousnessrighteousness, which bring about, which bring about

    peace, harmony and progress.peace, harmony and progress.

    According to Dharma, religion is one ofAccording to Dharma, religion is one ofinnumerable possible paths towardsinnumerable possible paths towardsindividual aspirationsindividual aspirations

    It includesIt includes morality, ethics & justicemorality, ethics & justice

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    Understanding Dharma

    Dharma:"Dharmo hi paramo loke Dharme satyam"Dharmo hi paramo loke Dharme satyam

    pratisthitampratisthitam

    Dharma is supreme in the world, and truth isDharma is supreme in the world, and truth isbased on Dharmabased on Dharma The RamayanaThe Ramayana

    Dharma is that through whichDharma is that through which abhyudayaaabhyudayaa

    (welfare & prosperity) and(welfare & prosperity) and NihsreyasaNihsreyasa(Spiritual Greatness) are(Spiritual Greatness) are

    attained."attained." -- Vaisheshika SutraVaisheshika Sutra

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    Understanding Dharma

    Dharma:'Yatha Dharma tatha jaya''Yatha Dharma tatha jaya' -- Mahabharat:Mahabharat:

    Literal meaning is "Victory Is There, WhereLiteral meaning is "Victory Is There, Where

    Dharma Is'.. we can modernize and say:Dharma Is'.. we can modernize and say:'Dharma or righteous actions in tune to the'Dharma or righteous actions in tune to the

    truth brings success and victory'. 'truth brings success and victory'. 'jayajaya''

    means victory, glory, success etc.means victory, glory, success etc.

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    Understanding Dharma

    Dharma:

    Stephen Covey (Author of the internationalStephen Covey (Author of the international

    best selling book: The 7 habits of highlybest selling book: The 7 habits of highlyeffective people): '...principles that governeffective people): '...principles that govern

    human growth and happinesshuman growth and happiness -- natural laws..'natural laws..'

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    Understanding Dharma

    Dharma:

    'Dharmo rakshati rakshitah'Dharmo rakshati rakshitah': literal meaning': literal meaning

    is dharma protects the protector of Dharma.is dharma protects the protector of Dharma.We can also say: 'One who follows the path ofWe can also say: 'One who follows the path of

    Dharma will always beDharma will always be

    sustained/safeguarded.'sustained/safeguarded.'

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    Understanding Dharma

    Dharma:Slogan ideas:Slogan ideas:

    'What is your Dharma now/today/this'What is your Dharma now/today/this

    moment?'moment?'

    'Understand Dharma'Understand Dharma -- Find your path'Find your path'

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    Understanding Dharma

    Dharma:""Dharanat dharmam ityahu dharmo dharayateDharanat dharmam ityahu dharmo dharayate

    praajah Yah svadharansamyuktah sa Dharmapraajah Yah svadharansamyuktah sa Dharma

    iti nisch

    ayah.

    "iti nisch

    ayah.

    "The word Dharma is derived fromThe word Dharma is derived from dharanadharana oror

    sustenance; Dharma sustains society; thatsustenance; Dharma sustains society; that

    which has capacity to sustain, is indeedwhich has capacity to sustain, is indeed

    Dharma.Dharma.

    --Mahabharat, Karnaparva, 69,59.Mahabharat, Karnaparva, 69,59.

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    Understanding Dharma

    Dharma:"Dharmadartha prabhavate Dharmat"Dharmadartha prabhavate Dharmat

    prabhavate sukham Dharmena labhate savamprabhavate sukham Dharmena labhate savam

    Dharmasaramidam jagaat

    .

    Dharmasaramidam jagaat

    .

    From Dharma arises wealth, Dharma is theFrom Dharma arises wealth, Dharma is the

    source of happiness, through Dharma wesource of happiness, through Dharma we

    attain everything, Dharma is the essence ofattain everything, Dharma is the essence of

    the world. "the world. " -- Ramayana (III.9.30)Ramayana (III.9.30)

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    Understanding Dharma

    Dharma:

    ""Vatthu Sahavo DhammoVatthu Sahavo Dhammo""

    Dharma is nothing but the real nature of anDharma is nothing but the real nature of anobject. Just as the nature of fire is to burnobject. Just as the nature of fire is to burn

    and the nature of water is to produce aand the nature of water is to produce acooling effect, in the same manner, thecooling effect, in the same manner, the

    essential nature of the soul is to seek selfessential nature of the soul is to seek self--realization and spiritual elevation.realization and spiritual elevation. --

    Mahavir Swami, Jain TirthankarMahavir Swami, Jain Tirthankar

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    Understanding Dharma

    Dharma:

    Taji sabh bharam bhajio paarbrahm.Taji sabh bharam bhajio paarbrahm. KahuKahuNanak attal ihDharmaNanak attal ihDharma

    Renounce all your doubts, and ponder uponRenounce all your doubts, and ponder uponthe Supreme Lord. Says Nanak, this is thethe Supreme Lord. Says Nanak, this is theeternalDharmaeternalDharma --Guru Nanak, founder ofGuru Nanak, founder of

    Sikh DharmaSikh Dharma

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    Understanding Dharma

    Dharma:Dharma:Taoism:Taoism: Tao is an emblem, meaning order,Tao is an emblem, meaning order,

    the whole, responsibility, efficiency. It is thethe whole, responsibility, efficiency. It is the

    Responsible Efficient, Total Order, creationsResponsible Efficient, Total Order, creationsas a whole, the whole of what is, multiplicity..as a whole, the whole of what is, multiplicity..

    this is from a webthis is from a web--site, not anybody's quote,site, not anybody's quote,

    yet very close to the definition of Dharma.yet very close to the definition of Dharma.

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    Understanding Dharma

    Dharma as virtues:Dharma as virtues:

    Dhritih kshama damosteyangshouca,indriyanigrahah

    Dhirvidya satyamakrodho dashakamDharmalaksananam. -Manusmriti

    Fortitude, forbearance, self restraint, non-

    stealing, purity, control of senses,discrimination (good and bad), wisdom,

    truthfulness and sense of anger are the tencharacteristics of Dharma

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    Understanding Dharma

    Dharma:Dharma as virtues

    Ahimsa satyamakrodho danaametat

    caturbidhamAjatoshatro sevasva esa Dharma sanatana.

    :Same as previous(Manusmriti) with the 11th

    virtue Ahimsa added.- Mahabharat

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    Understanding Dharma

    Dharma:

    DhammaDhamma means (a) the state of naturemeans (a) the state of natureas it is, (b) the laws of nature, (c) theas it is, (b) the laws of nature, (c) the

    duties that must be performed induties that must be performed inaccordance with the laws of nature, andaccordance with the laws of nature, and(d) the results that are derived from the(d) the results that are derived from the

    fulfillment of such duties.fulfillment of such duties.-- BuddhadasaBuddhadasa

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    Understanding Dharma

    Dha