english grammer astha academy, sector 22, gandhinagar ... ... english grammer astha academy, sector

Download English Grammer Astha Academy, Sector 22, Gandhinagar ... ... English Grammer Astha Academy, Sector

Post on 03-May-2021

3 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • English Grammer

    Astha Academy, Sector 22, Gandhinagar Mo.8980961441

    www.current663.wordpress.com 1

    Astha Academy

    Sector 22

    Gandhinagar

    Mo.8980961441

    English

    Grammer

  • English Grammer

    Astha Academy, Sector 22, Gandhinagar Mo.8980961441

    www.current663.wordpress.com 2

    Simple Present Tense કાલસૂચક ઴બ્દો : always, often, never, usually, regularly, generally, sometimes, mostly,

    commonly, seldom, rarely, occasionally, every day, daily.

    Active and Passive Voice  Active Voice: કર્તરી ળાકયરચના: - જ ેલાકમની ળરૂઆત ‘કતાા’ થી થામ તેલા લાકમને A.V. ન ું લાકમ

    કહેલામ છે.લાકમન ે‘કોણ’ ળબ્દ લડે પ્રશ્ન ઩છૂલાથી લાકમનો કતાા ભ઱ે છે. A.V.ભાું કતાા ને કભા થી લધાયે પ્રાધાન્મ કે

    ભહત્લ આ઩લાભાું આલે છે. એટરે કે A.V.ભાું કતાા ભ ખ્મ હોમ છે અન ેકભા ગૌણ હોમ છે. A.V.ભાું કતાા હોલો પયજજમાત

    છે. A.V. ભાું કમાયેક કભા ના ઩ણ હોમ અને જો હોમ તો ત ેગૌણ યહે છે.

     Passive Voice: કમતણી ળાકયરચના: જ ે લાકમની ળારૂઆત ‘કભા’ થી થામ તેલા લાકમને P.V.ન ું લાકમ

    કહેલામ છે. લાકમને ‘ળ ું’ અથલા ‘કોન’ે ળબ્દો લડે પ્રશ્ન ઩ૂછલાથી લાકમન ું કભા ભ઱ે છે. P.V. કભા ને કતાા થી લધાયે

    પ્રાધાન્મ કે ભહત્લ આ઩લાભાું આલે છે. એટરે કે P.V.ભાું કભા ભ ખ્મ હોમ છે અન ેકતાા ગૌણ હોમ છે. P.V.ભાું કભા હોલ ું

    પયજજમાત છે. P.V.ભાું કમાયેક કતાા ના ઩ણ હોમ અન ેજો હોમ તો ત ેગૌણ હોમ છે.

     લાકમન ેActive Voice માાંથી Passive Voiceમાાં ફેરળર્ી ળખર્ે નીચે મુજબ ફેરફારો થાય છે.

    (1) કતાા કભાન ું સ્થાન રે છે અને કભા કતાાન ું સ્થાન રે છે.

    (2) લાકમના કા઱ અન ેકભા ને અન સુંધાન ેto be ન ું રૂ઩ ભૂકામ છે. (3) લાકમન ેA.V.ભાુંથી P.V. પેયલતી લખત ેહું ભેળા ક્રિમા઩દન ું બ તકૃદુંત (v3)ન ું રૂ઩ જ આલે છે.

    (4) લાકમના અુંત ેby સાથ ેકતાા ન ું કભા ભૂકામ છે જ ેનીચે ભૂજફ છે.

    કર્ાત કમત

    I Me We Us You You He Him She Her It It They Them કોઇ વ્મજતતન ું નાભ કભા તયીકે ઩ણ એ જ નાભ રખલ ું

    નોંધ: (1) યાદ રાખો કે who ળાલા ળાકયનુાં passive voice કરર્ી ળખર્ે who નુાં By whom કરળુાં.

    (2) Whom લા઱ા લાકમન ું passive voice કરર્ી ળખર્ે whom ન ું who કયલ ું.

  • English Grammer

    Astha Academy, Sector 22, Gandhinagar Mo.8980961441

    www.current663.wordpress.com 3

    Formula: Simple Present Tense Active Voice Passive Voice

    P કતાા +v1 (s,es) + કભા + અ.ળ. P કભા + am/is/are + v3 + by + કતાાન ું કભા +

    અ.ળ.

    N કતાા + do/does +not + v1 + કભા+

    અ.ળ.

    N કભા + am/is/are + not + v3 + by + કતાાન ું

    કભા + અ.ળ.

    I Do/Does + કતાા + v1 + કભા + અ.ળ.+? I Am/Is/Are + કભા + v3 + by + કતાાન ું કભા +

    અ.ળ. +?

    W h

    wh + do/does + કતાા + v1 + કભા +

    અ.ળ.+?

    Wh Wh + am/is/are + કભા + v3 + by + કતાાન ું

    કભા + અ.ળ.+?

    wh o

    Who + v1 + કભા+ અ.ળ.+? wh o

    By whom + am/is/are + કભા + v3 +

    અ.ળ. +?

    Examples:

    Active Voice Passive Voice P I eat an apple daily. P An apple is eaten by me daily. N I do not eat an apple daily. N An apple is not eaten by me daily I Do I eat an apple daily? I Is an apple eaten by me daily? Wh What do I eat daily? Wh What is eaten by me daily? When do I eat an apple? When is an apple eaten by me? Who Who eat an apple daily? Wh

    o By whom is an apple eaten daily?

    Active Voice Passive Voice P We celebrate many festivals

    every year. P Many festivals are celebrated by

    us every year. N We do not celebrate many

    festivals every year N Many festivals are not celebrated

    by us every year. I Do we celebrate many

    festivals every year? I Are many festivals celebrated by

    us every year? Wh What do we celebrate every

    year? Wh What is celebrated by us every

    year? How many festivals do we

    celebrate every year? How many festivals are

    celebrated by us every year? Who Who celebrate many festivals

    every year? Wh o

    By whom are many festivals celebrated every year?

    Active Voice Passive Voice P You learn English every

    Sunday. P English is learnt by you every

    Sunday. N You do not learn English

    every Sunday. N English is not learnt by you every

    Sunday.

    I Do you learn English every Sunday?

    I Is English learnt by you every Sunday?

  • English Grammer

    Astha Academy, Sector 22, Gandhinagar Mo.8980961441

    www.current663.wordpress.com 4

    Wh What do you learn every Sunday?

    Wh What is learnt by you every Sunday?

    When do you learn English? When is English learnt by you? Who Who learn English every

    Sunday? Wh o

    By whom is English leant every Sunday?

    Active Voice Passive Voice P He sings a song daily. P A song is sung by him daily N He does not sing a song daily N A song is not sung by him daily I Does he sing a song daily? I Is a song sung by him daily? Wh What does he sing daily? Wh What is sung by him daily? When does he sing a song? When is a song sung by him? Who Who sings a song daily? Wh

    o By whom is a song sung daily?

    Active Voice Passive Voice P She tells a story every

    evening. P A story is told by her every

    evening. N She does not tell a story every

    evening. N A story is not told by her every

    evening. I Does she tell a story every

    evening? I Is a story told by her every

    evening? Wh What does she tell every

    evening? Wh What is told by her every

    evening? When does she tell a story? When is a story told by her? Who Who tells a story every

    evening? Wh o

    By whom is a story told every evening?

    Active Voice Passive Voice P It drinks water every hour. P Water is drunk by it every hour. N It does not drink water every

    hour. N Water is not drunk by it every

    hour. I Does it drink water every

    hour? I Is water drunk by it every hour?

    Wh What does it drink every hour?

    Wh What is drunk by it every hour?

    When doe it drink water? When is water drunk by it? Who Who drinks water every

    hour? Wh o

    By whom is water drunk every hour?

    Active Voice Passive Voice P They play cricket every week. P Cricket is played by them every

    week. N They do not play cricket every

    week. N Cricket is not played by them

    every week. I Do they play cricket every

    week? I Is cricket played by them every

    week? Wh What do they play every Wh What is played by them every

  • English Grammer

    Astha Academy, Sector 22, Gandhinagar Mo.8980961441

    www.current663.wordpress.com 5

    week? week? When do they play cricket? When is cricket played by them? Who Who play cricket every week? Wh

    o By whom is cricket played every week?

    Active Voice Passive Voice P Dhara cooks the food every

    evening. P The food is cooked by Dhara

    every evening. N Dhara does not cook the food

    every evening. N The food is not cooked by Dhara

    every evening. I Does Dhara cook the food

    every evening? I Is the food cooked by Dhara every

    evening? Wh What does Dhara cook every

    evening? Wh What is cooked by Dhara every

    evening? When does Dhara cook the

    food? When is the food cooked by

    Dhara? Who Who cooks the food every

    evening? Wh o

    By whom is the food cooked every evening?

    Active Voice Passive Voice P He calls me daily.