geeta english

Post on 30-May-2018

228 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • 8/14/2019 Geeta English

    1/98

    1

    $Z,PG~JY,WD

    The Bhagavadgita

    $ZZPDH;\D\!$MX5QLYDG\DHJ!

    Canto 1. Arjunas despair[WUDYDF[P5@HHNg@HHVPYHWD\X\X7VY!PDPND!SD^IYD(YLNPNgY5WVM\.'KWDUWUDVDLG2QWKHILHOGRIGKDUPDWKH.XUXNHWUDP\SHRSOHDQGWKH3DYDZHUHDVVHPEOHGDQGHDJHUIRUEDWWOH:KDWGLGWKH\GR26DMD\D"

    VM\YDFhT~YDWXSD^IYDQ,N9\8)\DH5[Q6WGD$DFD\5PXSVJ0\UDMDYFQPY,W.6DMD\DVDLG6HHLQJWKH3DYDnVDUP\DUUD\HGIRUEDWWOH.LQJ'XU\RGKDQDWKHQDSSURDFKHGKLVSUHFHSWRU>'URD@DQGDGGUHVVHGKLP

    S=\(WDSD^IXSXD>DPDFD\5PKW,yFP8P9\8)DdSGSXH>WYL]\H>[,PWD.m%HKROGSUHFHSWRUWKHJUHDWDUP\RIWKHVRQVRI3XDUUD\HGIRUEDWWOHE\\RXUWDODQWHGVWXGHQWWKHVRQRI'UXSDGD

    $]8UDPKHYDVD,PDMX5QVPD\XL[\X\X[DQDHLYUDTdSGPKDUZ!.+HUHDUHKHURHVDQGJUHDWDUFKHUVWKHHTXDORI%KPDDQG$UMXQDLQEDWWOH

  • 8/14/2019 Geeta English

    2/98

    2

    %XWOHDUQQRZRIWKHH[FHOOHQWRQHVRQRXUVLGH2EHVWRIWKHWZLFHERUQWKHOHDGHUVRIP\DUP\)RU\RXULQIRUPDWLRQ,ZLOOWHOO\RXDERXWWKHP

    YD1,PN>5NSVLPLWM\!$7ZDPDLYN>5VD(PGL6WZ(YF.D!VYH5\XLY]DUGD!.$QGPDQ\RWKHUKHURHVZKRZRXOGOD\GRZQWKHLUOLYHVIRUP\VDNHKROGLQJGLYHUVHZHDSRQVDOOH[SHULHQFHGLQEDWWOH

    $S\D53WWG6PDNEO,PDLUL@WPS\D53WL7YGPHWHDEO,PDLUL@WP.2XUIRUFHGHIHQGHGE\%KPDLVZLWKRXWOLPLWEXWWKHLUIRUFHGHIHQGHGE\%KPDLVOLPLWHG

    $\QHXFVYH5X\ZDDJPYL6ZWD!,PPHYDLU@1WXY1W!VY5#YLK.6WDWLRQHGDVDORWWHGLQ\RXUSRVLWLRQVGHIHQG%KPDDOORI\RXn

    W6\VMQ\1KNgY!LSWDPK!LVKQDGLYQDH&F(!]nG;PD(WDSYDQ.7RGHOLJKWRI'XU\RGKDQDWKHYDOLDQW.XUXHOGHUKLVJUDQGIDWKHUOHWIRUWKKLVPLJKW\OLRQnVURDUZDUFU\DQGEOHZKLVFRQFK

    WW!]nDH\5S>YDQNJDHPXRD!VKV(YDB\K1\1WV]%G6WXPXODHYW.7KHQFRQFKHVNHWWOHGUXPVF\PEDOVZDUGUXPVDQGWUXPSHWVZHUHVRXQGHGWKHQRLVHZDVWXPXOWXRXV

    WW!HW(K5\(\X5.WHPKLW6\1GQHL6ZWD(PD[Y!SD^IY(YLG9\D(]nD(GPWX!.7KHUHXSRQPRXQWHGRQWKHLUPLJKW\FKDULRWGUDZQE\ZKLWHKRUVHV0GKDYDDQG3DYDEOHZWKHLUGLYLQHFRQFKHV

    SDFM1\,NH]DHGHYG[QM\!SD(^IG;PD(PKD]n,PNPD5YNDHGU!.+NHDEOHZ3FDMDQ\DDQG$UMXQDEOHZ'HYDGDWWD7KHZROIEHOOLHGRQHZKRVHGHHGVDUHWHUULEOH>%KPD@EOHZWKHJUHDWFRQFK3DXUD

    $QWLYM\UDMDNg1W,SXDH\XL[LU!QNgO!VKGHYVXDHPL>SXSND(..LQJ

  • 8/14/2019 Geeta English

    3/98

    3

    7KHJUHDWERZPDQWKHNLQJRI.LtLNKDLQWKHJUHDWFKDULRWZDUULRU'KG\XPQD9LUDDQGWKHLQYLQFLEOH6W\DNL

    dSGDHD(SGH\DVY5]!SLZY,SWHVD(PKDED!]nD1G;PX!SZ.SZN~.'UXSDGDDQGWKHVRQVRI'UDXSDG2.LQJDQGWKHVWURQJDUPHGVRQRI6XEKDGUEOHZ

    WKHLUFRQFKHVRQDOOVLGHVDJDLQDQGDJDLQ

    VDHDH[DW5UDD>DG\DLQ9\GDU\WQSLZY,yF(YWXPXODHB\QXQDG\Q.7KHFODPRXUUHQWWKHKHDUWVRIWKHVRQVRI'KWDUUDWKHWXPXOWUHVRXQGLQJLQKHDYHQDQGHDUWK

    $Z9\YL6ZWD1hT~YD[DW5UDDQNLS;YM!YH]VSDWH[QX0\SD^IY!.

    ,NH]WGDYD.\LPGPDKPK,SWHVHQ\DH\DHP5;\HUZ6ZDS\PH&\XW.

    \DYGHWDLLU@HK\DHdNDPDQYL6ZWDQN(P5\DVK\DH9\PL6P1U>VPXPH.7KHQKDYLQJVHHQWKHDVVHPEOHGVRQVRI'KWDUUDDVWKHFODVKRIZHDSRQVZDVDERXWWREHLQJWKHVRQRI3XZKRVHEDQQHUERUHWKHPRQNH\WKHQUDLVHGKLVERZDQGVDLGWKHVHZRUGVWR+NHD3RVLWLRQP\FKDULRWEHWZHHQWKHWZRDUPLHV2$F\XWDVRWKDW,PD\VHHWKRVHZKRDUHDVVHPEOHG\HDUQLQJIRUEDWWOHZLWKZKRP,DPWRILJKWLQWKLVZDUHIIRUW

    \DH76\PDQDQYH@HK\#WHVPDJWD![DW5UD6\EX5H\X5HL\LFN,5Y!./HWPHVHHWKRVHZKRZLOOEHILJKWLQJDVVHPEOHGKHUHWKRVHZKRGHVLUHWRZLQIDYRXUZLWKWKHHYLOPLQGHG'XU\RGKDQDn

    VM\YDF#YPX.WDH,NH]DHJXIDNH]HQDUWVHQ\DH\DHP5;\H6ZDSL\7YDUZDHPP.6DMD\DVDLG7KXVDGGUHVVHGE\*XDNHD2%KUDWD+NHDSRVLWLRQHGWKHVXSHUODWLYHFKDULRWEHWZHHQWKHWZRDUPLHV

    ,PDH>PXRW!VYH5DFPK,L@WDPYDFSDZ5S=\(WD1VPYHWD1NgLQLW.)DFLQJ%KPD'URDDQGDOOWKHUXOHUVRIWKHHDUWKDQGVDLGm%HKROGWKHDVVHPEOHG.XUXV23UWKDn

    WDS=\L76ZWD1SDZ5!LSWQZLSWDPKDQ$DFD\D51PDWXOD1DW1SXD1SD(D1VR,y6WZD.7KHUH3UWKDVDZVWDQGLQJIDWKHUVDQGJUDQGIDWKHUVWHDFKHUVXQFOHVEURWKHUVJUDQGVRQVDQGFRPUDGHVDVZHOO

    ]XUD1VXG(YVHQ\DH\DHULSWD1VP,\VND(1WH\!VYD51E1[8QYL6ZWDQ.

  • 8/14/2019 Geeta English

    4/98

    4

    )DWKHUVLQODZDQGZHOOZLVKHUVLQERWKDUPLHV6HHLQJDOOWKRVHUHODWLYHVVWDQGLQJWKHUH.DXQWH\D

    NS\DSU\DLYDHLY,GLGPY,WhT~YHP6YMQN>\X\X7VXVPXSL6ZWP.)LOOHGZLWKGHHSHVWFRPSDVVLRQGLVSDULQJVDLG

    m6HHLQJP\RZQSHRSOHGHVLULQJWRILJKWVWDQGLQJKHUH2.D

    V,GL1WPPJDDL>PXRFSLU]X\LWYHSZX]U,UHPHUDHPK5MD\WH.0\OLPEVJURZZHDNDQGP\PRXWKLVGU\P\ERG\WUHPEOHVDQGP\KDLUVWDQGVRQHQG

    JD^I,YVWHK6WDYm(YSLUGWHQF].QDH0\Y6ZDWXPW,YFPHPQ!.*DYDVOLSVIURPP\KDQG0\VNLQLVEXUQLQJ,DPXQDEOHWRVWDQGDQGP\PLQGVHHPVWRZDQGHU

    LQLPDLQFS=\DLPLYSU,WDLQNH]YQFH\DHQXS=\DLPK7YD6YMQPDKYH.,VHHHYLORPHQV2.HDYDEXW,VHHQRJRRGLQVOD\LQJP\RZQSHRSOHLQEDWWOH

    QND~@HLYM\N>QFUD-\VXRDLQF

    LNQDHUD-\HQJDHLY1GLNDHJ(M,5LYWHQYD.,GRQRWGHVLUHYLFWRU\2.DRUWKHNLQJGRPRUSOHDVXUHV:KDWLVDNLQJGRPWRXV*RYLQGDRUHQMR\PHQWVRUOLIHLWVHOI"

    \HDPZH5ND~L@WQDHUD-\DHJD!VXRDLQFWPHYL6ZWD\XHD>D67\.7YD[QDLQF.7KRVHIRUZKRVHVDNHZHGHVLUHDNLQJGRPHQMR\PHQWVDQGSOHDVXUHVWKH\VWDQGKHUHLQEDWWOHDEDQGRQLQJWKHLUOLYHVDQGSRVVHVVLRQVs

    $DFD\D5!LSWU!SXD6WZ(YFLSWDPKD!

    PDWXOD!]XUD!SD(D!=\DOD!V0EL1[Q6WZD.7HDFKHUVIDWKHUVDQGVRQVJUDQGIDWKHUVXQFOHVIDWKHUVLQODZJUDQGVRQVEURWKHUVLQODZUHODWLYHV

    #WDK1WXLP&'DLPQWDHLSP[XV8GQ$LS(ODH.\UD-\6\KHWDH!LNQXPK,NWH.,GRQRWZLVKWRVOD\WKHPHYHQLIWKH\VOD\PH20DGKXVGDQDHYHQIRUWKHVDNHRIVRYHUHLJQW\RYHUWKHWKUHHZRUOGV+RZPXFKOHVVIRUWKLV(DUWK

  • 8/14/2019 Geeta English

    5/98

    5

    LQK7\[DW5UDD!ND,LW!6\DMQDG5Q

    SDSPHYD\HG6PD1K7Y(WDQDWWDL\Q!.+DYLQJNLOOHGWKHVRQVRI'KWDUUDZKDWSOHDVXUHZRXOGEHRXUV2-DQUGDQD":H

    ZRXOGLQFXURQO\VLQKDYLQJVODLQWKRVHZKRVHERZVDUHVWUXQJ

    W6PDDKD5Y\K1WX[DW5UDD16YED1[YDQ

    6YMQLKNZK7YDVXLRQ!6\DPPD[Y.7KHUHIRUHLWLVZURQJIRUXVWRNLOOWKHVRQVRI'KWDUUDRXURZQNLQVPHQIRUKRZKDYLQJNLOOHGRXURZQSHRSOHFRXOGZHEHKDSS\20GKDYD"

    \3\HWHQS=\L1WODHDHSKWFHWV!NgO@\NWGDHLPDHKHFSDWNP.(YHQLIWKRVHZKRVHPLQGVDUHVPLWWHQZLWKJUHHGGRQRWUHJDUGWKHGHVWUXFWLRQRIDIDPLO\

    DVZURQJDQGWUHDFKHU\DJDLQVWDIULHQGDVZLFNHG

    NZQ`H\P6PDL!SDSDG6PDLYLW5WXPNgO@\NWGDHS=\LM5QDG5Q.:HZKRVHHWKDWGHVWUXFWLRQRIDIDPLO\LVZURQJKRZLVLWWKDWZHGRQRWNQRZWRWXUQDZD\IURPWKLVHYLOGHHG2-DQUGDQD"

    NgO@\H>=\L1WNgO[PD5!VQDWQD![PH5QHNgON76QP[PDH5LY7\XW.:KHQDIDPLO\LVGHVWUR\HGWKHHWHUQDOIDPLO\GKDUPDSHULVKHV:KHQGKDUPDLVGHVWUR\HGDGKDUPDSUHYDLOVRYHUWKHHQWLUHIDPLO\

    $[PD5LYD7N>\L1WNgOL\!,XDVXYD>H5\MD\WHY>5VU!.2QDFFRXQWRIQRQGKDUPD2.DDIDPLO\nVZRPHQDUHGHILOHG:KHQZRPHQDUHGHILOHG29UH\DLQWHUPL[LQJRIWKHFDVWHVWDNHVSODFHV

    VUDHQUND\(YNgOQDQDNgO6\FSWL1WLSWUDHHDOX3WLS^IDHGNL\D!.,QWHUPL[LQJOHDGVWRKHOOIRUVOD\HUVRIIDPLOLHVDQGIRUWKHIDPLO\LWVHOI7KHLUDQFHVWRUVGHSULYHGRIRIIHULQJVRIIRRGDQGZDWHUSHULVK

    GDH(UHW(!NgOQDQDY>5VUNDUN(!7VD1WHMDLW[PD5!NgO[PD5]DWD!.%\WKHVHPLVGHHGVFRPPLWWHGE\VOD\HUVRIIDPLOLHVDQGRIWKRVHZKRFDXVHWKHLQWHUPL[LQJRIFDVWHVWKHHWHUQDOFDVWHGKDUPDDQGIDPLO\GKDUPDDUHGHVWUR\HG

    7VNgO[PD5>DPQX\D>DMQDG5QQUNHLQ\WYDVDHYW,7\QX]XXP.)RUWKRVHSHRSOHZKRVHIDPLO\GKDUPDLVGHVWUR\HG2-DQUGDQDKHOOLVWKHHWHUQDODERGHsWKXVZHKDYHKHDUG

  • 8/14/2019 Geeta English

    6/98

    6

    $KDHEWPK7SDSNWX9\YLVWDY\P\D-\VXRODHHQK1WX6YMQPXWD!.$ODVZHDUHUHVROYHGWRFRPPLWDJUHDWFULPH2XWRIJUHHGIRUDNLQJGRPDQGKDSSLQHVVZHDUHSUHSDUHGWRVOD\RXURZQSHRSOH

    \LGPDPW,NDUP]]SD>\![DW5UDDU>HK1\X6W1PH@HPWUYHW.,IWKHVRQVRI'KWDUUDZHDSRQVLQKDQGZHUHWRVOD\PHLQEDWWOHXQUHVLVWLQJDQGXQDUPHGWKDWZRXOGEHIDUEHWWHUIRUPHn

    VM\YDF

    #YPX.7YDMX5Q!V~2\HUZDHS6ZSDLY]WLYV-\V]UFDS]DHNVLYPDQV!.6DMD\DVDLG+DYLQJVSRNHQWKXVRQWKHILHOGRIEDWWOH$UMXQDVDQNGRZQRQWKHFKDULRWVHDWDQGFDVWDVLGHKLVERZZLWKLWVDUURZVKLVPLQGDIIOLFWHGE\JULHI

    CW7VLGLW,PG~JY,WDV8SLQ7VXLYD\D\DHJ]DH,N>DMX5QVYDGH$MX5QLYDG\DHJDHQDPZPDH;\D\!

  • 8/14/2019 Geeta English

    7/98

    7

    $ZLW,\DH;\D\!VD~2\\DHJ!

    Canto 2. The Yoga of Knowledge

    VM\YDF

    WWZDNS\DLYPXS8>D5NgOH@>PLY,G1WLPGYD.\PXYDFP[XV8GQ!.6DMD\DVDLG7RKLPZKRZDVWKXVRYHUFRPHE\JULHIKLVH\HVILOOHGZLWKWHDUVDQGEHZLOGHUPHQWGLVSDLULQJ0DGKXVGDQDVSRNHQWKHVHZRUGV

    ,JYDQXYDF

    NgW67YDN=POLPGLYPHVPXSL6ZWP$QD\5MXP6Y*\5PN,LW5NUPMX5Q.

    7KH'LYLQH2QHVDLG:KHQFHKDVFRPHWKLVIDLQWKHDUWHGQHVVXSRQ\RXLQWKLVFULVLV",WGRHVQRWEHILWDQREOHSHUVRQLWZLOOQRWOHDGWRKHDYHQEXWZLOOEULQJLQIDP\2$UMXQD

    .O(%\PD6PJP!SDZ5Q(WYFP[XV8GQXL!LW\DH76\DLPS8MDKD5YLUV8GQ.$UMXQDVDLG+RZFDQ,DWWDFN%KPDDQG'URDZLWKDUURZVLQEDWWOH0DGKXVGDQDWKH\ZKRDUHZRUWK\RIZRUVKLS2GHVWUR\HURIIRHV"

    JXQK7YDLKPKDQXDYDQH\DHDH.WX(\PS,KODHNH

    K7YDZ5NDPD6WXJXLQK(YXM,\DHJDQL[ULG*[DQ.,WZRXOGEHEHWWHUWRUHIUDLQIURPNLOOLQJWKHJXUXVZKRVHGLJQLW\LVJUHDWDQGHYHQWRHDWIRRGJLYHQDVDOPVLQWKLVZRUOG%XWKDYLQJVODLQWKHJXUXVKHUHWKHZHDOWKGHVLUHVDQGSOHDVXUHVWKDWDUHWREHHQMR\HGZRXOGEHVWDLQHGZLWKEORRG

    QF(WL!NWUDHJU,\DH\DM\HP\LGYDQDHM\H\X!

    \DQHYK7YDQLMM,LYDP!WHYL6ZWD!PXRH[DW5UDD!.$QGZHGRQRWNQRZZKLFKRIWKHWZRLVEHWWHUWKDWZHVKRXOGYDQTXLVKWKHPRUWKH\VKRXOGYDQTXLVKXV7KRVHVRQVRI'KWDUUDDVVHPEOHGEHIRUHXVDUHWKHRQHVZKRPKDYLQJNLOOHGZHZRXOGKDYHQRGHVLUHWROLYH

  • 8/14/2019 Geeta English

    8/98

  • 8/14/2019 Geeta English

    9/98

    9

    $DJPDSDL\QDHLQ7\D6WDL6WLW@6YDUW.&RQWDFWVZLWKWKHREMHFWVRIWKHVHQVHV2.DXQWH\DJLYHULVHWRFROGDQGKRWSOHDVXUHDQGSDLQ7KH\FRPHDQGJREHLQJLPSHUPDQHQW(QGXUHWKHPSDWLHQWO\2%KUDWD

    \LKQ9\Z\17\HWHSXSX5VP!RVXR[,UVDHPW7YD\N/SWH.7KHSHUVRQZKRPWKHVHGRQRWSHUWXUE2EHVWRIPHQWRZKRPSDLQDQGSOHDVXUHDUHWKHVDPHZKRLVUHVROXWHsWKDWSHUVRQLVILWIRULPPRUWDOLW\

    QDVWDHLYWHDYDHQDDYDHLYWHVW!\DHULShDH1W67YQ\DH6WYGL]5L!.7KHXQUHDOGRHVQRWFRPHLQWREHLQJQRUGRHVWKHUHDOFHDVHWREH7KHGLVWLQFWLRQEHWZHHQWKHVHWZRLVVHHQE\WKRVHZKRSHUFHLYHWKHWUXWK

    $LYQDL]WXWLL\HQVY5LPGWWPLYQD]P9\\6\D6\QNL7NWX5PK5LW..QRZWKDWZKLFKSHUPHDWHVDOOWKLVZRUOGWREHLQGHVWUXFWDEOH7KHGHVWUXFWLRQRIWKDWZKLFKLVLPPXWHDEOHFDQQRWEHDFFRPSOLVKHGE\DQ\RQH

    $1WY1WPHGHKDLQ7\6\DH.WD!]U,LU>!

    $QDL]QDHPH\6\W6PDX;\6YDUW.7KHVHERGLHVRIWKHHWHUQDOLQGHVWUXFWLEOHLPPHDVXUHDEOHHPERGLHGDUHVDLGWREHSHULVKDEOH2%KUDWD

    \#QYHLK1WDU\(QP1\WHKWPD(WD(QLYMDQ,WDHQD\KL1WQK1\WH.

    2QHZKRWKLQNVWKDWWKHHPERGLHGLVWKHNLOOHUDQGRQHZKRWKLQNVWKDWWKHHPERGLHGLVNLOOHGsQHLWKHUUHDOO\NQRZV7KHHPERGLHGGRHVQRWNLOOQRULVLWNLOOHG

    QMD\WHL\WHYDNGDLFQQD\87YDLYWDYDQ8\!

    $MDHLQ7\!]DWDH\SXUD>DHQK1\WHK1\PDQH]U,UH.,WLVQRWERUQQRUGRHVLWGLHDWDQ\WLPH1RUKDYLQJFRPHLQWREHLQJGRHVLWFHDVHWREHDJDLQ7KLVSULPHYDORQHLVXQERUQHWHUQDODQGSHUPDQHQW,WGRHVQRWSHULVKZKHQWKHERG\SHULVKHV

    YHGDLYQDL]QLQ7\\#QP