iit delhi case study
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CASE STUDY IIT DELHIIntroductionThe Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi) is one of the topmost colleges of engineering in India situated in the heart of the capital. It forms a part of the league along with other IITs that are the top engineering colleges in India.Established as College of Engineering in 1961, IIT Delhi was first existing college to be upgraded to an IIT and was declared an Institution of National Importance under the "Institutes of Technology (Amendment) Act, 1963". It was then accorded the status of a deemed university with powers to decide its own academic policies, conduct its examinations, and award its degrees.
Location map of IIT Delhi
Site plan of IIT Delhi
LOCATIONIIT Delhi is situated at Hauz Khas in South Delhi, which is a landmark place in the colorful and chequered history of Delhi. Bounded by the Sri Aurobindo Marg on the east, the Jawaharlal Nehru University Complex on the west, the National Council of Educational Research and Training on the south, and the New Ring Road on the north, the Institute campus is flanked by Qutub Minar and the Hauz Khas monuments and is well connected to the major city centers by open and wide roads. The Institute campus is about 19 Km away from the Delhi Main Railway Station, 14 Km from the New Delhi Railway Station, 21 Km from the Inter-State Bus Terminal and 10 Km from Delhi Airport.Entrance gate 4 of IIT DelhiAPPROACHIIT Delhi was approached by four gates one on east side, one on the west side and other two on north side.ARCHITECTThe architect of this institution was J.K. Chaudhary (Chaudhary & Gulzar Singh Associates) till 1995. After that the other developmental works shifted to Suresh Goel & Associates from 2000 onwards till date.
TemperatureThe temperature of the place remains 55 degree C in summer, 0 degree C in winter.Offsite land use around IIT DelhiOnsite land use of IIT DelhiThe onsite land use is as follows: Academic/ institutional areas Housing Student Hostels Recreation Community facilities Open areas
Land useCirculationIIT Delhi has four entries; one entry is from east, one being from the west and other two are from north in which one entry acts as the main entry and other act as the hostel entry. So the primary circulation flow is through these entries towards the academic area.The offsite land use is as follows:In the north side of the campus we can find a deer park. And towards east side, office area. In west and south side we can find housing area.
Circulation pattern in IIT Delhi
CASE STUDY IIT DELHIZoningThough each department is a separate entity with a courtyard around, all the departments constitutes an integrated complex. Heavy engineering laboratories are placed on the ground floor, light laboratories on the first floor while the tutorial rooms, classrooms and project rooms are located on the second floor. Separate offices have been provided to every member of the teaching staff next to his laboratory. Large lecture theatres with modern amenities and equipment for sound and projection are located in the courtyards between departments for common use. The campus also offers amenities like staff club, hospital, shopping centre, bank, post office, telecom centre, community centre, stadium, playing fields, Zoning in IIT DelhiACADEMIC CORE
ZoningThe campus of the Institute extends to an area of 320 acres. With many topographical features, imaginatively laid out with picturesque landscape, numerous buildings of various nature and stature, and clean and wide roads, the campus presents a spectacle of harmony in architecture and natural beauty. The campus area has been divided into four functional zones which are as follows: Residential zone for students; Residential zone for the faculty and staff; Academic zone for academic buildings and workshops; and Cultural-cum-social and recreational zone for students.The site being longitudinal in shape, the last two zones have been located mid-way between the two residential zones in order to reduce walking distance. The main academic building accommodates various teaching and research activities.
List of DepartmentsApplied MechanicsBiochemical Engineering & BiotechnologyChemical EngineeringChemistryCivil EngineeringComputer Science & EngineeringElectrical EngineeringHumanities & Social SciencesManagement StudiesMathematicsMechanical EngineeringPhysicsTextile TechnologyOther than these departments, there are 9 research centers which are enlisted below:I.Centre for Applied Research in Electronics.II.Centre for Atmospheric Sciences.III.Centre for Biomedical Engineering.IV.Centre for Energy Studies.V.Educational Technology Services Centre.VI.Instrument Design Development Centre.VII.Industrial Tribology, Machine Dynamics & Maintenance Engineering Centre.VIII.Centre for Polymer Science & Engineering.IX.Centre for Rural Development & Technology.
Academic Programmes4 year B.Tech5 year dual degree (B.Tech and M.Tech )5 year integrated master of technologyM.Tech ProgrammesM.S by ResearchMaster of DesignMaster of ScienceMaster inbusiness managementDoctoral ProgrammesPopulation inside campus Faculty 426 Staff 1256 Technical 484 Non-Tech. 772 Students 4854(total) PhD 916 M.S. (R.) 39 M.Tech 1296 MBA 169 M.Sc. 185 Dual Degree 59 B.Tech 1597 DIIT 29 M.Des 26
CASE STUDY IIT DELHIDesign composition of IIT DelhiAcademic Area: It includes institutes Main building (multi storey),Block1, Block2, Block3, Block4, Block5, Block6,Block 7, Block 8, Central library, Textile Technology, State bank of India, Workshop ,Cafeteria building, Sports pavilion, IIT hospital and Auditorium.Main Building is 8 storeys high and houses the offices of all the deans and other administrative offices and conference halls. The material used for construction is Brick cladded with Dhaulpur stone which is beige in color and requires less maintenance. The main block is connected to the academic blockThe academic blocks are linear blocks and are connected by corridors and bridges to go through every block and in-between two blocks a courtyard is present and it is landscaped. All academic blocks are planned in a compact manner. The blocks are divided into six parts according the need of the space required for the department placed. The library is located on the alone block near the academic and administrative block.The administrative building consists of the offices of the director, other important offices like that of the registrar and deputy registrar. It also includes the security office as a separate entity in the administrative building itself at its main entrance.
Academic coreElectrical Department (academic block)The IIT Delhi Library System consists of a Central Library and 18 departmental libraries which collectively support the teaching, research and extension programmes of the Institute. All students, faculty members and employees of the Institute are entitled to use the library facilities on taking library membership. The Library, besides having a huge collection of books on engineering, science and humanities offers library services through its various Divisions. The library building stands next to the academic and administrative building. The textile technology department is the oldest of all the departments that are present in IIT Delhi. It stands in front of the existing administrative building and is a low rise structure following plain brick architecture. This is the only textile engineering department in all the IITs that offers its course from undergraduate till doctoral level as well as research and development.
Main BuildingMain Building
Typical layout of the academic block
floor of the Library
CASE STUDY IIT DELHIThe main auditorium of the IIT campus lies in the main building itself and is also called the Dogra Hall. This has a unique structure as the whole massive roof is supported by on only four columns. The load of the massive structure is handled by the shape of the built form itself as it is a HYPERBOLOID structure. The shape of the building gives strength to the structure itself. The strength of the auditorium or the convocation hall is around 1111 people. Another auditorium of a capacity of 325 seating is also present in the campus and another auditorium of a seating capacity of 1000 people is proposed in the campus. There is a Hospital which is provided with the basic community health facilities and a provision for minor surgeries.Auditorium (Dogra hall)
Housing: The housing is given for the faculty, the staff, the technical as well as the non technical staff inside the campus. Housing for staff and non technical staff is given separate. Workers housing are given in front of the campus and staff and the faculty housing is given at back side of the campus.
The Institute lays considerable emphasis on student participation, in various outdoor and indoor games. The students are encouraged to participate in games and sports activities which cover athletics (men and women), badminton (men and women), basketball (men and women), cricket, football, gliding, gymnastics, hiking and mountaineering, hockey, judo, kabaddi, squash, table tennis (men and women), tennis, volleyball, yoga, weightlifting, multi-gym, swimming and water-polo. Well laid out fields are available on the campus. A cricket field, a hockey and a football ground, volleyball and basket-ball courts (flood lit), six tennis courts (one of these flood-lit), tennis practice wall, table tennis tables (one in each hostel), three squash courts, one badminton hall, a swimming pool, weightlifting/weight training apparatus, a stadium with standard athletics track and ancillary arrangements for athletics are the facilities available to the students.
Another building in the academic area is the Management building where management studies are imparted.
CASE STUDY IIT DELHIThe housing is characterized by the usage of brick as the primary material and thus exposed brick work is the prime architectural style of the housing. The housing for the faculty on higher posts is low rise (row housing) other being multi storied.
Students Activity Centre: The Students' Activity Centre is the nerve centre of all student activities on the campus. The Centre comprising a Club Building, Gymnasium Hall, Swimming Pool, Amphitheatre, Music Rooms, Hobbies Workshop and a large Dark Room, caters to various hobbies of the students. They have a place to paint, to sculpt or to tinker with the radio. There are committee rooms where they can hold formal or informal meetings and a large marble-floored hall for exhibitions. On the first floor of the Centre, students have the facility to play billiards.
BOYS HOSTELAcademic core
Conceptual sketch of the Hostels
GIRLS HOSTELHostels: There are 9 boys hostels and 3 girls hostels in the campus. Some of the boys hostels are Zanskar boys hostel, Kumaon boys hostel, Vindhyachal boys hostel, Shiwalik boys hostel, Karakoram hostel, Amavany boys hostel and other three hostels. Out of these the Kumaon hostel is for the research students.Each Hostel is self-contained with amenities such as a reading room, an indoor games room, a lounge and a dining hall with mess. All rooms are provided with internet access as well.The boys hostels form one zone towards the left of the academic zone and the main sports facilities. The girls hostels are located in the faculty residential area and towards the gate number 4.All the hostels have used the exposed brick work as the maintenance required is less for such buildings. The hostels have a central courtyard around which the planning is done. Community facilities are provided near by the hostels as well as sports facilities are in the vicinity.
Students Activity Centre (site plan of IIT)Open air Theatre (OAT)With a moat on one side and a high stone-wall on the other, the Students' Activity Centre recalls to the visitors memories of an ancient fort.
CASE STUDY IIT DELHILandscape: The campus is free from pollution and is a different world as compared to the surrounding area of the IIT Delhi. The campus is lush green and has around 25,000 trees and other plants. The trees grown here are mainly Mango, Jamun, Neem, Tamarind, Golden shower, Gulmohur, Neeli Gulmohur, Devils tree, etc. Other than these many flowering plants as well as the ground covers have been planted.
The landscape has been planned keeping in mind the central or the primary circulation path. The trees have been planted along the road side shading the pathways as well as the road. Dense vegetation has been provided so as to cut off the sun as well as the noise. This shields the building blocks that have been planned near to the road.Similarly, the plantation along the secondary circulation follows the same pattern.Other than this, all the department buildings as well as other administrative buildings are surrounded by the lush green vegetation.
No part of the campus is devoid of lush green attire of the plant material. The housing as well as other hostels are also surrounded by thick vegetation as well as beautifully and properly maintained landscaped gardens.
Other than these the roads intersections have been well maintained and landscaped using round-abouts. To hide a few buildings like the Directors residence, artificial mound has been created. Even the sports facilities like the ground, pavilion etc. have been punctuated with trees and proper plant materials. Thus, the IIT Delhi Campus has lush green landscape and properly managed landscape plan which not only protects from the sun but also saves from the pollution and noise pollution too making the campus all together a different world from the area outside the boundary of the campus.Materials used: The material used predominantly is brick work and Dhaulpur stone (locally available stone). The academic area has brick work cladded with Dhaulpur stone for no or less maintenance. The departments are a mix of exposed brickwork, cladding as well as a proportionate use of concrete. The material used in housing as well as the hostel blocks is mainly brick with a considerable and necessary amount of concrete.
CASE STUDY IIT DELHIThe IIT Delhi campus has been planned in such a way that the people dwelling in various parts of the campus can have same distance to travel to the central of the campus i.e. the academic core of the institute.The academic and the institutional zone are exactly at the centre of the campus. The boys hostels have been placed very close to the academic zone but at the same time the girls hostel has been planned in the housing zone but a little away from the academic zone. The community facilities have been placed in every zone catering to the various zones.
The students activity centre is placed near to the academic zone on the primary circulation zone and near to the boys hostel but very far away from the girls hostel.The material used predominantly is brick work and Dhaulpur stone (locally available stone). The academic area has brick work cladded with Dhaulpur stone for no or less maintenance. This material is resistant to the harsh climate of Delhi. The circulation and the movement in the campus are very well integrated with the building scheme. The natural lighting is provided for the academic from courtyards. The auditorium and swimming pool have the defuse lighting. The library has the serial of windows for lighting.
The walking distance on the site is quite large. Although the movement around the academic area has been restricted such that the user does not have to travel a lot to reach any department and other facilities. On the other hand, the walking distance from the residential area and the hostels to the academic zone is large which has been counter balanced by the institution by providing the students with round the clock bus service as well as cycles.