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Addressing the other water crisis! Everyone Forever!! हह हह हहह हहहहह V. Kurian Baby, India Country Director, IRC Water for People, New Delhi 2 December 2014

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  1. 1. Addressing the other water crisis!Everyone Forever!! V. Kurian Baby, India Country Director, IRCWater for People, New Delhi2 December 2014
  2. 2. Is India ready for EF? - status Rural India near universal coverage >90% Over $ 35 billion investment annual $ 3-4billion Over 30% slippage another 30% sub-optimal Service delivery failing piped water only 32% Everyone will be reached even at high cost;forever remains a challenge
  3. 3. Plus factors for EF Sound policies and plans ( Strategic plan 2022; NRDWPguidelines, Water Policy 2013; Local Govts) New political vision urban services for rural Govt. led investments resources are there India fast growth trajectory PCI demand betterservices National Water grids with CBM for intra villagemanagement EF can be possible without huge incremental outlay Greater role for CBM and local governments Forward states are low hanging fruits
  4. 4. Financing not designed for resilience4CapExrequirementsRecurrent expenditure &support requirementsCoverage rates100Costs25% 50% 75% 100%0Source: Adapted from Moriarty, 2011Danger ZoneCapManExrequirements
  5. 5. A birds-eye view of the sector5Users Funders andGlobalHousehold /CommunityProduct andService ProvidersSmall scale for water supplyprivateoperatorsNGOsand CBOsUrban utilities(public & private)Regulators andPolicy MakersInfluencersMultilaterals / IFIsInternationalNGOsAcademia /Think tanksBilateralsRegionCountryLocalMinistry of FinanceMinistry responsibleRegulatoryagenciesMinistry responsiblefor sanitation/hygieneRuralgovernmentprovidersSelf-provisionResearchersand developers(global to local)PhilanthropyManufacturers(global to local)Source: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Water and Sanitation Strategy Mimeo, 2007
  6. 6. Decision making processes: messy.6Source: CEPT Performance Assessment System Project Mimeo, 2011
  7. 7. India: Services that last(EF) VisionEveryone Forever exists where: everyoneexpects and receives water and sanitationservices which last indefinitely.Vision India: Everyone ever enjoy right to safe,sustainable WASH services by 2019 andimproved services by 2022 (GoI 2010,12)
  8. 8. India: Services that last(EF) Strategy Government vision and leadership Collaborative /contextualised solutions Multiple delivery models including communitycentric PRI led governance Mainstream funding by Governments Leverage funding by Donors Large impact EF action research, learning andscaling up low hanging fruits????
  9. 9. India: Services that last (EF ) Vision Approach?Systems to services>>>ImplementUpgradeUpgradeReplace Shifting from systems to services understanding sector sustainability holistically How to translate policy into practice To take mind-set out of the closet broaden thehorizon and sector perspective Whole system approach for transformationalimpact
  10. 10. India: Services that last(EF)- Approach? Improved buying- in - concept andframework Convince - Everyone forever is possible Doable with little incremental investment Take donors on board- India a low hanging fruit(absolute number, multiplier and leverage, shaping tools for future inother developing countries, scale) Convince WFP-IRC can catalyse and drive Develop /scale up leapfrog -large impact EF
  11. 11. EF achieved and sustained when: Everyone expects and receives a service (improved?) Government champions and leads over time Funding flows support services on an on-goingbasis, and expand to meet new demand Problems and challenges are identified andaddressed promptly All water users collaborate, not compete, toensure environmental sustainability Monitoring is so effective, nobody doubts theresults
  12. 12. Core areas of Innovation Developing service delivery models and postconstruction support mechanisms that work inspecific contexts; Harmonised low cost, high-value monitoringsystems that link performance to investmentplanning; Testing finance mechanisms to supportsustainability and expansion of services over time Testing effective models of local water governancethat ensure water (source) security over time Test Institutional convergence framework
  13. 13. India: services that lastEFprincipal building blocksService Delivery ApproachLearning and Adaptive CapacityHarmonisation and AlignmentDecentralize/Professionalize communitymanagementLocalIWRM/community-PRI ledConvergence,capacityInstitutionalChangeFinancing tocover all life-cyclecostsMonitoringservicedelivery andsustainabilityRegulation &support toserviceauthoritiesSupport toserviceprovidersAssetManagement&RehabilitationHarmonisation andcoordinationLearning and adaptivemanagement
  14. 14. Components Investment and financing plans: all categories of required costs,across the full life-cycle of service delivery Water security: Water security and decentralised governance atlocal level for source sustainability and water safety Reaching everyone: last mile, improved services and/orrehabilitation and upgrading of existing infrastructure to achieve fullcoverage Post construction support : institutional structures for postconstruction support to communities to ensure sustainable services Institutional capacity and change management Monitoring and learning : Developing comprehensive EFmonitoring frameworks service delivery, processes, outputs andoutcomes Asset management planning: inventorisation, for routine andplanned maintenance, upgrading and replacement Advocacy, Learning and research: designing a structured approachto analytical advocacy, learning and sharing and research to supportscaling up
  15. 15. The Process
  16. 16. Master plan vision, status and gaps Implementation plan new coverage (all serviceproviders) Inclusion strategy and plan last mile Sustainability plan asset management,replacement and rehabilitation) Institutional capacity - change & convergence plan Financing for resilience plan life cycle Monitoring indicators and plan service deliveryand client rating Risk and mitigation plans Handholding and Exit plan
  17. 17. Hub Functions Co-create Vision, facilitate and supportGovernment in Programme planning, delivery, convergence, transformpolicy, Budget tracking, monitor EF, Channel CSR Drive reform and process of system change to EF Ideally a hosted secretariat linked to incubators Build capacity and ownership to sustain change Convene, coordinate and catalyze actors andresources across all aspects that contribute tosustained services NOT to simply replace the failing system whoseperformance it is their job to reform.
  19. 19. Role of Government of India national Hubwhen? Institutionally and programmatically align with the GoI. Finance investment 100% with States (except TAcomponent ( donors, private sector etc?) Coordination and convergence at national level Sign the MoU with supporting partners Issue enabling guidelines and policies Chair the national hub steering committee Coordinate the programme at national level Support the scale up the programme across thecountry
  20. 20. Role of state Demand the programme and sign MoU Chair the State level Steering committee Support enabling environment by issuingnecessary orders, guidelines and policies Finance sector investments and resourceconvergence, RING FENCE FOR RESILIENCE Co-fund and anchor innovation Coordinate and monitor the programme Scale up successes in other districts /adopt statewide
  21. 21. Role of District DWSM Sign the MOU and demand the programme Prepare integrated bottom-up sustainable servicedelivery plan Counter-part financing and harness flexi fundingoptions Community engagement and mobilization Roll out and Implement the programme Coordinate and monitor Represent in District steering committee Provide institutional home for monitoring EF
  22. 22. International Hub Functions Strategic input in concepts, ideas , design of theprogramme as it evolves Support the formation of the National, State and Districthubs and provide on-going capacity building Support experimentation and innovation in districts Lead and coordinate research and bring in best practicesand lessons (like EF, Triple S, WSUP and LCCA?) Fund raising, reporting to donors and Governments Oversee monitoring and learning processes Provide advocacy functions and action research analysis Communication and engagement at national andinternational level Network and manage partner organizations
  23. 23. Measures of successImpact indicators water supply% of people with access to water supply% of water facilit ies that are funct ional% facilit ies reliable according to nat ional norms% of water facilit ies that meet the nat ionalstandards for crowdingWater quant ity: % of people that receive at leastthe nat ional normWater quality: % of users that perceive waterquality as acceptableUser sat isfact ion water facilit ies
  24. 24. Outcome indicators water supplyINCLUDESANITATION?# additional districts using EF inprogramme States# additional States applying EF approaches# GoI applying EF approaches in policy,funding and programmes# Private sector CSR funding to WASH
  25. 25. The EF phasing and timelinesPhase Duration Main Characteristics and interventionssocialisingtheconcepts6 months to 1year depending oncontextSocialising and building coalitions , reachingcommon agreement on the problems andthe intent to change, include initial analysisand mapping.Demonstrating EF atscale3 to 5 years depending oncontext and scaleof the countryInnovation and testing of the solutionsidentified as part of the initial mappingSpecific actions and interventions will vary,but the interventions must take place at alogical unit of scale (most often the district)Scaling upandleverage ofEF5 to 10 yearssuccessful lessons and documentedpractices of the demonstration phase canscaled up. Government is intimatelyinvolved in the process from the outset,scaling up institutionally is more likely tooccur.
  26. 26. Activity Plan Timeframe?? Socializing the concept and develop shared vision Setting up driver hubs at state and district level Communication materials/campaign (monitor results) Round tables ( co-creating vision) Develop EF service delivery indicators Sector mapping/assessment and identify components Master plan investment plan and monitoring National EF Hub after 2-3 years Hub attached preferably with Government only havethe tools to correct failure and overcome deadlocks Network all sector stakeholders in a mode of learningand engagement
  27. 27. Start-up Activities?Start-uP Activity (total period) M M M M M M MSocialising & coalition partner meetingsWriting EF India concept noteWriting pitch deck and communicationsharing concept note and discussingwith GoI/States and potential partnersSounding out with donors/foundations/private sector for fundingSeries of meetings with GoI /donorsDelhiVisit State Governments for buying inConsolidating concept note and projectImplementation planNational advocacy meeting to launch EF
  28. 28. How were doing itService providers District/MunicipalityService authorityNationalGovt AgenciesWater SPsInnovationLabSchoolEvery SchoolSan SPsDistrict /MunicipalServiceAuthorityEF HubDistrict /MunicipalServiceAuthorityBanksCommerceIndustryDistrict /MunicipalServiceAuthority CommerceBanksRelevantMinistries /Departments &Govt officialsIndustryGlobal EFbackboneAdvocateResource BrokerAdmin / Management SupportStart conversations anddebate. Learn from dataand results. Supportscaled approachesTest ideas. Learn fromfailure. Adopt successes insector practice.Every HouseholdClinicEvery Clinic28 28
  29. 29. What will be the EF Hub- India?A. Building blocks Series of interlinked projects ( GoI Trg, WB RWSS, SDAscoping-round table, NIAR MoU, AusAid research, WFP-IRC study, PHEDcapacity building) National credibility + Access Sound credible national /regional Network partners Large Impact EF action researchB. Institutional ArchitectureGovernments to anchorIRC lean nodal office national steering committeeLocal partners collaborate on core strengths
  30. 30. What support from Global EF Backbone? Develop concept note expert inputs Consultation with Governments and partners Sounding with donors and foundations forleverage funding ( TA component) Proposal development & source funding Work with national/state Govt.- for buying- in Global partnership in documentation andlearning, advocacy and communication
  31. 31. IRC-WFP Value Addition Service delivery approach- Triple-S WASHCOST LCCA for sustainable service delivery Build on ongoing SDA strategy in India ( see note) IRC expertise in learning &sharing andcommunication WFP success on EF in India WestBengal/India Strong network and partners in India Customized action research and analysis
  32. 32. Additional discussion points How to sell /communicate EF to stakeholders? Are we addressing sanitation as well? Are we addressing rural and urban? What is EF and what will be EF Hub Development of EF/ service delivery indicators Do we need a staggered approach to EF ( say 100% coverage by 2019 and EF by 2022?) What shall be the convergence framework? Role of CSR and private sector?