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Rajasthan Board Class 9 Books - KshitijFor all Rajasthan Board Books visit: http://schools.aglasem.com/?p=5917

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  • egknsoh oekZ

    egknsoh oekZ dk tUe lu~ 1907 esa mkj izns'k osQ I +kQ#Z[kkckn 'kgj esagqvk FkkA mudh f'k{kk&nh{kk iz;kx esa gqbZA iz;kx efgyk fo|kihB esaizkpk;kZ in ij yacs le; rd dk;Z djrs gq, mUgksaus yM+fd;ksa dh f'k{kkosQ fy, dkI +kQh iz;Ru fd,A lu~ 1987 esa mudk nsgkar gks x;kA

    egknsoh th Nk;kokn osQ izeq[k dfo;ksa esa ls ,d FkhaA uhgkj] jf'e]uhjtk] ;kek] nhif'k[kk muosQ izeq[k dkO; laxzg gSaA dfork osQlkFk&lkFk mUgksaus l'kDr x| jpuk, Hkh fy[kh gSa ftuesa js[kkfp=k rFkklaLej.k izeq[k gSaA vrhr osQ pyfp=k] Le`fr dh js[kk,] iFk osQlkFkh] ka`[kyk dh dfM+;k mudh egRoiw.kZ x| jpuk, gSaA egknsohoekZ dks lkfgR; vdkneh ,oa KkuihB iqjLdkj ls lEekfur fd;k x;kAHkkjr ljdkj us mUgsa in~eHkw"k.k ls vyar fd;kA

    egknsoh oekZ dh lkfgR; lkkuk osQ ihNs ,d vksj vkkknh osQvkanksyu dh izsj.kk gS rks nwljh vksj Hkkjrh; lekt esa L=kh thou dhokLrfod fLFkfr dk cksk Hkh gSA fganh x| lkfgR; esa laLej.k ,oajs[kkfp=k dks cqyafn;ksa rd igqpkus dk Js; egknsoh th dks gSA muosQlaLej.kksa vkSj js[kkfp=kksa esa 'kksf"kr] ihfM+r yksxksa osQ izfr gh ugha cfYdi'kq&if{k;ksa osQ fy, Hkh vkReh;rk ,oa v{k; d#.kk izdV gqbZ gSA mudhHkk"kk&'kSyh ljy ,oa Li"V gS rFkk 'kCn p;u izHkkoiw.kZ vkSj fp=kkRedA

  • 68@ f{kfrt

    esjs cpiu osQ fnu esa egknsoh th us vius cpiu osQ mu fnuksa dks Le`fr osQ lgkjsfy[kk gS tc os fo|ky; esa i

  • esjs cpiu osQ fnu

    cpiu dh Le`fr;ksa esa ,d fofp=k&lk vkd"kZ.k gksrk gSA dHkh&dHkh yxrk gS] tSlslius esa lc ns[kk gksxkA ifjfLFkfr;k cgqr cny tkrh gSaA

    vius ifjokj esa eSa dbZ ihf

  • 70@ f{kfrt

    HkrhZ gqbZA ;gk dk okrkoj.k cgqr vPNk Fkk ml le;A fganw yM+fd;k Hkh Fkha]bZlkbZ yM+fd;k Hkh FkhaA ge yksxksa dk ,d gh esl FkkA ml esl esa I;kk rd ughacurk FkkA

    ogk Nk=kkokl osQgj ,d dejs esa gepkj Nk=kk, jgrh FkhaAmuesa igyh gh lkfFkulqHknzk oqQekjh feyhaAlkrosa ntsZ esa os eq>lssnks lky lhfu;j FkhaAos dfork fy[krh FkhavkSj eSa Hkh cpiu lsrqd feykrh vkbZ FkhAcpiu esa ek fy[krhFkha] in Hkh xkrh FkhaA

    ehjk osQ in fo'ks"k :i ls xkrh FkhaA losjs ^ tkfx, ikfukku iaNh cu cksys* ;ghlquk tkrk FkkA izHkkrh xkrh FkhaA 'kke dks ehjk dk dksbZ in xkrh FkhaA lqu&lqudjeSaus Hkh cztHkk"kk esa fy[kuk vkjaHk fd;kA ;gk vkdj ns[kk fd lqHknzk oqQekjh th[kM+h cksyh esa fy[krh FkhaA eSa Hkh oSlk gh fy[kus yxhA ysfdu lqHknzk th cM+hFkha] izfrf"Br gks pqdh FkhaA muls fNik&fNikdj fy[krh Fkh eSaA ,d fnu mUgksausdgk] ^egknsoh] rqe dfork fy[krh gks\* rks eSaus Mj osQ ekjs dgk] ^ughaA* varesa mUgksaus esjh MsLd dh fdrkcksa dh ryk'kh yh vkSj cgqr&lk fudy iM+k mlesalsA rCk tSls fdlh vijkkh dks idM+rs gSa] ,sls mUgksaus ,d gkFk esa dkxk fy,vkSj ,d gkFk ls eq>dks idM+k vkSj iwjs gksLVy esa fn[kk vkb fd ;s dforkfy[krh gSA fiQj ge nksuksa dh fe=krk gks xbZA kLFkosV esa ,d isM+ dh Mky uhphFkhA ml Mky ij ge yksx cSB tkrs FksA tc vkSj yM+fd;k [ksyrh Fkha rc ge

  • egknsoh oek Z @71

    yksx rqd feykrs FksA ml le; ,d if=kdk fudyrh Fkh^L=kh niZ.k*mlh esaHkst nsrs FksA viuh rqdcanh Ni Hkh tkrh FkhA fiQj ;gk dfo&lEesyu gksus yxsrks ge yksx Hkh muesa tkus yxsA fganh dk ml le; izpkj&izlkj FkkA eSa lu~ 1917esa ;gk vkbZ FkhA mlosQ mijkar xkakh th dk lR;kxzg vkjaHk gks x;k vkSj vkuanHkou Lora=krk osQ la?k"kZ dk osaQnz gks x;kA tgk&rgk gnh dk Hkh izpkj pyrk FkkAdfo&lEesyu gksrs Fks rks kLFkosV ls eSMe gedks lkFk ysdj tkrh FkhaA gedfork lqukrs FksA dHkh gfjvkSk th v;{k gksrs Fks] dHkh Jhkj ikBd gksrs Fks]dHkh jRukdj th gksrs Fks] dHkh dksbZ gksrk FkkA dc gekjk uke iqdkjk tk,] cspSuhls lqurs jgrs FksA eq>dks izk;% izFke iqjLdkj feyrk FkkA lkS ls de ind ughafeys gksaxs mlesaA

    ,d ckj dh ?kVuk ;kn vkrh gS fd ,d dfork ij eq>s pknh dk ,d dVksjkfeykA cM+k uDdk'khnkj] lqanjA ml fnu lqHknzk ugha xbZ FkhaA lqHknzk izk;% ughatkrh Fkha dfo&lEesyu esaA eSaus muls vkdj dgk] ^ns[kks] ;g feykA*

    lqHknzk us dgk] ^Bhd gS] vc rqe ,d fnu [khj cukvks vkSj eq>dks bldVksjs esa f[kykvksA*

    mlh chp vkuan Hkou esa ckiw vk,A ge yksx rc vius tsc&[kpZ esa lsges'kk ,d&,d] nks&nks vkus ns'k osQ fy, cpkrs Fks vkSj tc ckiw vkrs Fks rks ogiSlk mUgsa ns nsrs FksA ml fnu tc ckiw osQ ikl eSa xbZ rks viuk dVksjk Hkh ysrhxbZA eSaus fudkydj ckiw dks fn[kk;kA eSaus dgk] ^dfork lqukus ij eq>dks ;gdVksjk feyk gSA* dgus yxs] ^vPNk] fn[kk rks eq>dksA* eSaus dVksjk mudh vksjc

  • 72@ f{kfrt

    pkgs iwQy osQ dVksjs esafiQj Hkh eq>s eu gh eu izlUurk gks jgh Fkh fd iqjLdkjesa feyk viuk dVksjk eSaus ckiw dks ns fn;kA

    lqHknzk th Nk=kkokl NksM+dj pyh xbA rc mudh txg ,d ejkBh yM+dhkscqfUulk gekjs dejs esa vkdj jghA og dksYgkiqj ls vkbZ FkhA kscqu esjkcgqr&lk dke dj nsrh FkhA og esjh MsLd lkI+kQ dj nsrh Fkh] fdrkcsa Bhd lsj[k nsrh Fkh vkSj bl rjg eq>s dfork osQ fy, oqQN vkSj vodk'k fey tkrkFkkA kscqu ejkBh 'kCnksa ls feyh&tqyh fganh cksyrh FkhA eSa Hkh mlls oqQN&oqQNejkBh lh[kus yxh FkhA ogk ,d mLrkuh th Fkhakhur csxeA kscqu tc^bdM+s&frdM+s* ;k ^yksdj&yksdj* tSls ejkBh 'kCnksa dks feykdj oqQN dgrh rksmLrkuh th ls VksosQ fcuk u jgk tkrk Fkk^okg! nslh dkSok] ejkBh cksyh!* kscqudgrh Fkh] ^ugha mLrkuh th] ;g ejkBh dkSok ejkBh cksyrk gSA* kscqu ejkBhefgykvksa dh rjg fdukjhnkj lkM+h vkSj oSlk gh Cykmk igurh FkhA dgrh Fkh]^ge ejkBh gw rks ejkBh cksysaxs!*

    ml le; ;g ns[kk eSaus fd lkaiznkf;drk ugha FkhA tks vok dh yM+fd;k Fkha]os vkil esa vokh cksyrh Fkha_ cqansy[kaM dh vkrh Fkha] os cqansyh esa cksyrh FkhaA dksbZ

    varj ugha vkrk Fkk vkSjge i

  • egknsoh oek Z @73

    ogh e pyk tks vkt rd pyrk vk jgk gSA dHkh&dHkh cpiu osQ laLdkj,sls gksrs gSa fd ge cM+s gks tkrs gSa] rc rd pyrs gSaA cpiu dk ,d vkSjHkh laLdkj Fkk fd ge tgk jgrs Fks ogk tokjk osQ uokc jgrs FksA mudh uokchfNu xbZ FkhA os cspkjs ,d caxys esa jgrs FksA mlh daikmaM esa ge yksx jgrsFksA csxe lkfgck dgrh Fkha^gedks rkbZ dgks!* ge yksx mudks ^rkbZ lkfgck*dgrs FksA muosQ cPps gekjh ek dks pph tku dgrs FksA gekjs tUefnu ogkeuk, tkrs FksA muosQ tUefnu gekjs ;gk euk, tkrs FksA mudk ,d yM+dk FkkAmldks jk[kh ckkus osQ fy, os dgrh FkhaA cguksa dks jk[kh ckkuh pkfg,A jk[khosQ fnu losjs ls mldks ikuh Hkh ugha nsrh FkhaA dgrh Fkha] jk[kh osQ fnu cgusajk[kh ckk tk, rc rd HkkbZ dks fujkgkj jguk pkfg,A ckj&ckj dgykrhFkha^HkkbZ Hkw[kk cSBk gS] jk[kh ckokus osQ fy,A* fiQj ge yksx tkrs FksA gedksygfj, ;k oqQN feyrs FksA blh rjg eqgjZe esa gjs diM+s muosQ curs Fks rksgekjs Hkh curs FksA fiQj ,d gekjk NksVk HkkbZ gqvk ogk] rks rkbZ lkfgck usfirkth ls dgk] ^nsoj lkgc ls dgks] oks esjk usx Bhd djosQ j[ksaA eSa 'kkedks vkmQxhA* os diM+s&oiM+s ysdj vkbA gekjh ek dks os nqygu dgrh FkhaAdgus yxha] ^nqygu] ftuosQ rkbZ&pkph ugha gksrh gSa oks viuh ek osQ diM+sigurs gSa] ugha rks Ng eghus rd pkph&rkbZ igukrh gSaA eSa bl cPps osQ fy,diM+s ykbZ gwA ;g cM+k lqanj gSA eSa viuh rjI+kQ ls bldk uke ^eueksgu*j[krh gwA*

    ogh izksI+ksQlj eueksgu oekZ vkxs pydj tEew ;wfuoflZVh osQ okbl pkalyjjgs] xksj[kiqj ;wfuoflZVh osQ Hkh jgsA dgus dk rkRi;Z ;g fd esjs NksVs HkkbZ dkuke ogh pyk tks rkbZ lkfgck us fn;kA muosQ ;gk Hkh fganh pyrh Fkh] mnwZ Hkhpyrh FkhA ;ksa] vius ?kj esa os vokh cksyrs FksA okrkoj.k ,slk Fkk ml le; fdge yksx cgqr fudV FksA vkt dh fLFkfr ns[kdj yxrk gS] tSls og liuk ghFkkA vkt og liuk [kks x;kA

    'kk;n og liuk lR; gks tkrk rks Hkkjr dh dFkk oqqQN vkSj gksrhA

  • 74@ f{kfrt

    iz'u&vH;kl

    1- ^eSa mRiUu gqbZ rks esjh cM+h [kkfrj gqbZ vkSj eq>s og lc ugha lguk iM+k tks vU; yM+fd;kasdks lguk iM+rk gSA* bl dFku osQ vkyksd esa vki ;g irk yxk, fd(d) ml le; yM+fd;ksa dh n'kk oSQlh Fkh\([k) yM+fd;ksa osQ tUe osQ lacak esa vkt oSQlh ifjfLFkfr;k gSa\

    2- ysf[kdk mnwZ&I+kQkjlh D;ksa ugha lh[k ikb\3- ysf[kdk us viuh ek osQ O;fDrRo dh fdu fo'ks"krkvksa dk mYys[k fd;k gS\4- tokjk osQ uokc osQ lkFk vius ikfjokfjd lacakksa dks ysf[kdk us vkt osQ lanHkZ esa LoIu tSlk

    D;ksa dgk gS\

    jpuk vkSj vfHkO;fDr5- kscqfUulk egknsoh oekZ osQ fy, cgqr dke djrh FkhA kscqfUulk osQ LFkku ij ;fn vki

    gksrha@gksrs rks egknsoh ls vkidh D;k vis{kk gksrh\6- egknsoh oekZ dks dkO; izfr;ksfxrk esa pknh dk dVksjk feyk FkkA vuqeku yxkb, fd vkidks

    bl rjg dk dksbZ iqjLdkj feyk gks vkSj og ns'kfgr esa ;k fdlh vkink fuokj.k osQ dkeesa nsuk iM+s rks vki oSQlk vuqHko djsaxs@djsaxh\

    7- ysf[kdk us Nk=kkokl osQ ftl cgqHkk"kh ifjos'k dh ppkZ dh gS mls viuh ekr`Hkk"kk esa fyf[k,A8- egknsoh th osQ bl laLej.k dks i

  • egknsoh oek Z @75

    11- fuEufyf[kr 'kCnksa ls milxZ@izR;; vyx dhft, vkSj ewy 'kCn crkb,fujkgkjh & fuj~ $ vkgkj $ bZlkaiznkf;drkvizlUurkviukiufdukjhnkjLora=krk

    12- fuEufyf[kr milxZ&izR;;ksa dh lgk;rk ls nks&nks 'kCn fyf[k,milxZ & vu~] v] lr~] Lo] nqj~izR;; & nkj] gkj] okyk] vuh;

    13- ikB esa vk, lkekfld in NkVdj foxzg dhft,iwtk&ikB iwtk vkSj ikB------------------------ ------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------------------------ ------------------------

    ikBsrj lf;rk cpiu ij osaQfnzr eSfDle xksdhZ dh jpuk ^esjk cpiu* iqLrdky; ls ysdj if

  • 76@ f{kfrt

    'kCn&laink

    ijekke LoxZizfrf"Br lEekfuruDdk'khnkj csy&cwVs osQ dke ls ;qDriwQy rkcs vkSj jkxs osQ esy ls cuh ,d feJ kkrqfujkgkj fcuk oqQN [kk,&fi,ind (iz'kalklwpd iqjLdkj) lksus&pknh ;k vU; kkrq ls cuk gqvk xksy

    ;k pkSdksj VqdM+k tks fdlh fo'ks"k volj ij iqjLdkj osQ :i esafn;k tkrk gSA

    izHkkrh losjs xk;k tkus okyk xhrygfj;k jax&fcjaxh /kfj;ksa okyh fo'ks"k dkj dh lkM+h tks lkekU;r%

    rht] j{kkcaku vkfn R;kSgkjksa ij iguh tkrh gSAokbl pkalyj oqQyifr

    ;g Hkh tkusaL=kh niZ.k bykgkckn ls izdkf'kr gksus okyh ;g if=kdk Jherh jkes'ojh usg: osQ laiknu esalu~ 1909 ls 1924 rd yxkrkj izdkf'kr gksrh jghA fL=k;ksa esa O;kIr vf'k{kk vkSj oqQjhfr;ksa osQizfr tkx`fr iSnk djuk mldk eq[; ms'; FkkA

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