master plan guwahati

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Geographical Location


Guwahati :IntroductionLargest City Of ASSAMBody: Guwahati Municipal CorporationElevation Is 55.5 mMetro Area 960,787 square metresOfficial Language: Assamese ,EnglishPlanning Agency:Guwahati Metropolitian Development Authority

OBJECTIVES AND GOALS Guwahati City To Be One Of The Most Admired State CapitalsTo Conserve Guwahatis Sensitive Natural EnvironmentTo Develop An Integrated Intra-Urban Transport System.Well Developed Social And Physical InfrastructureSpace For Efficient Functioning Of Economic ActivitiesTo Create Affordable Housing For All And Develop A City Without SlumsTo Create An Image Belifting That Of State CapitalTo Bring In A System In The Land Development Process

DETAILED QUANTUM OF LANDLocation and Linkages :

1. Geographical Location:

2. Regional Linkages: a. Road b. Railways c. Airways d. Waterways

Geographical LocationGuwahati is situated on the southern bank of river Brahmaputra with its cardinal points as 26010 north latitude and 92049 east longitude.

The city is situated on undulating plain with varying altitudes of 49.5 m to 55.5 m above MSL

The southern and the eastern sides of the city are surrounded by hillocks. The central part of the city has small hillocks namely Sarania hill (193 m), Nabagraha hill (217 m), Nilachal hill (193 m) and Chunsali Hill (293 m).

The city is also covered by swamps, marshes and water bodies like Dipar Bil, Dighali Pukhri, Silsakoo bil.


Regional Linkages Roads : Guwahati is at the junction of National Highway 31, National Highway 37 and National Highway 40. Railways :

Airways :Guwahati airport is the largest and the busiest airport in this region, Waterways :Guwahati once was well connected to Kolkata by a regular steamer service through river Brahmaputra.

City Structure: ExistingBeing physically constrained by hills and natural bil areas, the city has sprawled in a curvilinear fashion surrounding the central area, along the main corridors towards the east and The South Old City Lies In A Horse Shoe Shaped Valley .A ribbon-like commercial-industrial mixed-use development has taken place in the south of the city along the NH-37 bypass, a corridor which has the potentials of being developed into a beautiful urban corridor.

Land Use Map Of Guwahati City


Land Usage of Guwahati

Classification of Land Use Zones

i) Residential Zone ii) Commercial Zone iii) Industrial Zone iv) Public/Semi-Public (P & SP) Facilities Zone v) Transport and Communication Zonevi) Green Belt Zone (Recreational and Open Space)vii) Eco-Sensitive / Eco-Friendly Zoneviii) Composite Use Zone I ix) Composite Use Zone II

Anugya Apple () - II (includes Residential, Commercial and P & SP AND existing industrial)

Anugya Apple () - I (includes Residential, Commercial and P & SP)


INFERENCESPopulation Growth :We can see from the population growth that it has a remarkable rate.It is because most of the population of the region migrates to the city in search of facilities.

Decadal Growth :The decadal population growth in Guwahati Metropolitan Area is nearly, 37.85%, which is substantially higher than that of the National decadal growth of 21.35%.

SURVEY RESULTS OF GUWAHATIPopulation Density:The population density of 3741 is moderate. However the growth in density has been on an increasing trend as can be observed in the table given above.

INFERENCE :Guwahati is a fast growing metropolis and the most important city of the region.



Sex Ratio

The composition of the Guwahati City population as per the 2001 census shows that nearly 46% of the total population is Female.

Traffic Survey ResultsA total of 71,824 vehicles (107,819 PCUs) entered and exited at the Outer Cordon (OC), on an average day (2004). The peak hour volume at OC stations ranged between 7.4% and 14.4% of Average DailyTraffic (ADT). Goods modes accounted for 18.6 % of the ADT at the OC.2.9% of the passenger modes and 7.8% of goods modes at OC were through in nature. 25% of the goods vehicles at the OC were empty.

City Road Network

arterial road network system comprising primary arterial, sub-arterial and collector roads. The main functional roads recommended are: Peripheral Ring Road to enable movement of bypass traffic Ring Roads City Radials/Axials Alternative Corridors All Purpose Roads in Central Area Overall around additional 194km of road network is proposed to be developed over and above the existing road network. This configuration reflects the net effective carriageway requirements for traffic movements


It is advisable that: while the option of joint venture/public-private participation could also be explored in both cases.

the public infrastructure projects budgetary resources/government fundingcommercial/residential projectsprivate sector participation

Approximate division of the projects cost in funding options

SL NO.FUNDING OPTIONSCOST OF PROJECTS (in crores)% OF TOTAL COST1Revolving fund (A) 1828.9713.542Institutional finance (B) 1097.8658.133Joint Venture (C) 2817.3620.864JNNURM (D) 586.2654.345International funding (E) 352826.136BOT (F) 173012.817Government budgetary allocation (G)9557.078Private Sector (H) 959.57.11


Land Use Plan

Land Use Zoning and Development Control Regulations

Scope Classification of Land Use Zones Land Use Permissibility Development Control Regulations Regulations for Conservation of Heritage Buildings and Heritage Precincts

Economic Base And Work Area The Areas Of The City Has Been Divided Into Three TiersTier I-Central Buisness DistrictTier II & III District Commercial Centres and Community Commercial Centers Tier IV And V: Neighborhood Shopping Centers And Housing Area Shopping Centres

Institutional ResponsibilityGuwahati Municipal Corporation Constituted With 34 Ward in1974.To Deal With Rapid Urbanization : A Master Plan For Greater Guwahati Was Proposed In 1965 Under Section 10 Of Assam Town And Country Planning Act,1965. The primary development agenda of Guwahati city is carried out by two main agencies, the Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) and the Guwahati. Metropolitan Development Authority (GMDA).The area covered under GMDA includes the GMC area of 216 sq kms and an additional 48 sq kms.

Major ProblemsArtificial FloodSignificant Predicament Of City.

Causes:Careless Human Activities Indiscriminate Habitation AlongsideUnsystematic Of Hilly Stretches

Major ProblemsTraffic CongestionUnceasing Rise In Population In Guwahati Has Created Regular Occurrence Of Vehicular Traffic Congestion .Guwahati To Shillong National Highway Is The Most Congusted Road.

Suggestive Ground Coverage, FAR, Height

Regulations for Conservation of Heritage Buildings and Heritage Precincts Applicability Restriction on Development / Redevelopment / Repairs etc Power to Alter, Modify or Relax Regulations Maintaining Skyline Maintaining Skyline Signs and Out Door Display Structures Composition of Heritage Conservation Committee Functions of the Heritage Conservation Committee