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  • The Outset of Dissension in Islam

    (Islam Mein Ikhtilafat Ka Aghaz)

    By

    Hadrat Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmud Ahmad

    Khalifatul-Masih II, may Allah be pleased with him

    Islam International Publications LTD.

  • The Outset of Dissension in Islam

    An English rendering of Islam Mein Ikhtilafat Ka Aghaz,an urdu lecture delivered by Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmud Ahmad,

    Khalifatul-Masih II, may Allah be pleased with him, The Promised Reformer and Promised Son

    Translated from Urdu into English by: Atta-ur-Rahman KhalidRevised by: Ayyaz Mahmood Khan

    First English translation published in UK: 2013

    Islam International Publications Ltd.

    Published byIslam International Publications Ltd.

    Islamabad, Sheephatch LaneTilford, Surrey GU10 2AQ, UK

    Printed in UK atRaqeem Press, Tilford, UK

    For further information please

    or visit www.alislam.org.

    ISBN: 978-1-84880-092-2

  • Contents

    About the Author ............................................................................... viiForeword .................................................................................................ix

    Necessity of Being Familiar with Islamic History ......................................... 1Importance of the Subject ................................................................................... 2Magnificent Past of Islam ................................................................................... 3First Devotees of Islam: Hadrat Uthmanra & Hadrat Alira ........................ 4False Narrations of Non-Muslim Historians ................................................... 5Companions Were Not the Real Cause of the Disorders in Islam ............ 6Why Dissension Emerged in the Era of the Third Khalifah? ....................... 8An Introduction to Hadrat Uthmanra ............................................................ 8Status of Hadrat Uthmanra in the Eyes of the Holy Prophetsa ..................10What Gave Rise to the Conflict? .....................................................................11Four Reasons for Conflict .................................................................................12The Islamic Khilfat was a Religious Administration .................................14Thinking Ill of the Companions is Without Reason ...................................16Why Did Conflict Arise in the Era of Hadrat Uthmanra? .........................22Appointment of Abu Musa Al-Asharira as the Governor of Kufah ..........72Conspiracies of the Rebels Exposed ................................................................72Obedience to the Ruler of the Time is Necessary ........................................75Another Conspiracy of the Mischief-Makers ................................................76The Conspiracy Exposed ...................................................................................78Hadrat Uthmanra Summons the Mischief-Makers ......................................78Hadrat Uthmanra Clears Himself of All Charges ........................................79Hadrat Uthmanra Shows Mercy Towards the Mischief-Makers ...............81

  • Another Grave Conspiracy by the Mischief-Makers ...................................83Arrival of the Mischief-Makers in Madinah ..................................................86The Rebels of Egypt Approach Hadrat Alira .................................................88The Rebels of Kufah Approach Hadrat Zubairra ..........................................89The Rebels of Basrah Approach Hadrat Talhahra ........................................89Appointment of Muhammad bin Abi Bakr as the Governor of Egypt....90Reality Behind Conflicting Narrations .........................................................90A Golden Principle for the Verification of History ....................................91Exoneration of Hadrat Uthmanra & the Other Companions ..................92The Rebels Enter Madinah Again ....................................................................92The People of Madinah Advise the Rebels .....................................................94The Rebels Take Control of Madinah .............................................................94The Most Prominent Companions Ask the Rebels the Reason for their Return ....................................................................................................................95Hadrat Uthmanra Clears Himself of the Allegations Levelled by the Rebels .....................................................................................................................96Reality Behind the Rebel Scheme ....................................................................98Seven Arguments in Support of the Letter Conspiracy ............................99Cruelties of the Rebels upon the People of Madinah .............................. 107Hadrat Uthmanra Admonishes the Rebels ................................................. 108The Rebels Break the Staff of the Holy Prophetsa ...................................... 109The Rebels Pelt Stones at Masjid-e-Nabawi and Injure Hadrat Uthmanra .. .............................................................................................................................. 110Willingness of the Companions to Fight the Rebels ............................... 111Three Major Supporters of the Rebels in Madinah ................................... 113Hadrat Uthmanra is Asked to Step Down from Khilafat ........................ 114The House of Hadrat Uthmanra Besieged .................................................. 116Hadrat Alira Admonishes the Besiegers ...................................................... 117Treatment of the Rebels Towards Hadrat Ummi Habibahra .................. 118An Example of the Religious Indignation of Hadrat Ummi Habibahra 119Hadrat Aishahra Prepares for Hajj .............................................................. 120Hadrat Uthmanra Sends a Circular to the Provincial Governors .......... 121A Letter to the Pilgrims from Hadrat Uthmanra ...................................... 122The Rebels Pelt Stones at the House of Hadrat Uthmanra ..................... 125Worthy Efforts of the Companions in Suppressing the Disorder .......... 127

  • The Rebels Attack the House of Hadrat Uthmanra .................................. 130Hadrat Uthmanra Orders the Companions ............................................... 131Anxiety of the Rebels upon the Return of the Pilgrims ........................... 133The Companions Fight the Rebels ............................................................... 135Abdullahra bin Salam Admonishes the Rebels ........................................... 139The Rebels Assassinate Hadrat Uthmanra .................................................. 140Events Leading up to the Martyrdom of Hadrat Uthmanra ................... 141The Rebels Loot Baitul-Mal .......................................................................... 144Outrage of the Companions at the Martyrdom of Hadrat Uthmanra . 145Summary & Outcome of the Events Described ......................................... 148

    An Important Note ..........................................................................151Glossary ...............................................................................................155Index ....................................................................................................161

  • Hadrat Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmud AhmadKhalifatul-Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him)

  • Abou t the Au thor

    The Promised Sonra of the Promised Messiah and Mahdias; the manifest Sign of Allah, the Almighty; the Word of God whose advent was prophesied by the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa and the Promised Messiahas as well as the past Prophets; a Star in the spiritual firmament for the like of which the world has to wait for hundreds of years to appear; the man of God, crowned with a spiritual hallo from which radiated such scintillating rays of light as would instil spiritual life into his followers and captivate and enthral those who were not fortunate to follow him; an orator of such phenomenal quality that his speeches would make his audience stay put for hours on end, come rain or shine, deep into the late hours of the evenings while words flowed from his tongue like honey dripping into their ears to reach the depths of their soul to fill them with knowledge and invigorate their faith; the ocean of Divine and secular knowledge; the Voice Articulate of the age; without doubt the greatest genius of the 20th century; a man of phenomenal intelligence and memory; an epitome of the qualities of leadership; the one whose versatility cannot be comprehendedHadrat Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmud Ahmadra (1889-1965), Muslih-e-Maud (the

  • viii HADRAT MIRZA BASHIR-UD-DIN MAHMUD AHMAD

    Promised Reformer) was the eldest son and the second Khalifah (successor) of the Promised Messiahas. He took charge of the Ahmadiyya Jamaat at the young age of 24 when the Jamaat was still in its infancy and nourished it to its maturity for more than 50 years with his spiritual guidance, prayers, tears, toil and blood. Not only did he fortify the foundations of the Community laid down by the Promised Messiahas, but expanded the structure of the Jamaat by initiating various schemes, organizations, and programs taking his inspiration from the Promised Messiahas and under the Divine guidance. His foremost concern, to which he devoted all his life, was to accomplish the mission of the Promised Messiahasthe daunting task of spreading the message of true Islam in its pristine purity to the ends of the world. To achieve this, he initiated Tahrik-e-Jadid through which spread, and continues to spread, missionary work all over the globe. His acute intelligence, keen intelle