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WELCOMEName: Priya Raj. ROption: Physical ScienceReg.No:
WAVESA wave is an oscillation accompanied by a transfer of energy that travels through space or mass. Wave motion transfers energy from one point to another.
WAVE MOTIONA wave motion is the propagation of disturbance from the point of a medium to other parts of it.
Transverse WaveA transverse wave is a wave in which the particles of the medium vibrate perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the wave.
Examples of transverse wavesLight wavesRadio wavesWater waveUV raysX rays
Longitudinal wavesA longitudinal wave is a wave in which the particles of the medium vibrate in a direction parallel to the direction of propagation of the wave.
Examples of longitudinal wavesSound wavesWaves in slinkVibration in gasesOscillation in springTsunami waves
Characteristics of transverse wavesWave length It is the distance between any two consecutive points which are in the same state of vibration.Crust It is the elevated portion of the wave.Trough It is the depressed portion of the wave.Frequency It is the number of cycles per second
Velocity of a wave = frequency of the wave * wavelength of the wave