purushottam vijay satyagrah 1942

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Hanuman satyagrah, Indore, Central jail

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  • 1. izfl) i=dkj ,oa iwoZ eas bUnkSj lekpkj nSfud ds lEiknd] eqnzd ,oa izdkkd Jh iq#"kksRre fot; dk tUe gkskaxckn ftys ds lsekjh gjpan xkWo eas 15 tqykbZ] 1915 dks gqvkA 1930 eas vkius iz;kx lss fokkjn o 1932 es vlaLFkkxr Nk= ds #i esa vtesj cksMZ ls vkius gkbZLdwy ijh{kk ikl dhA Jh fot; izkjEHk ls gh i=dkfjrk a thou eas vf/kd #fp j[krs FksA vkidk i=dkfjrk thou vR;aRk gh fofo/k jgk gS A a 1934 esa [kaMok ls izdkfkr vadqk fQj vtesj ls izdkfkr lkIrkfgd ^jktLFkku^ eas vkius lEiknfd; foHkkx eas dke fd;kA 1935 es vdksyk ls izdkfkr ^uojktLFkku^ ds lEiknd eas lg;ksx fn;kA fQj vki vkxjk ls izdkfkr lSfud i= eas vkius dk;Z fd;kA cEcbZ ls izdkfkr ikf{kd ekgsojh eas Hkh 1945 es Hkh fot;th us Hkh dk;Z fd;kA bUnkSj lss 22 ekpZ ]1946 dks fot;th us bUnkSj lekpkj dk izdkku izkjEHk fd;k o ftlds loaZlokZ 1971 rd vki gh FksA s Lora=rk lSukuh] rkeaz i= izkIr] Jh iq#"kksRre fot; dh #fp jktfufr eas xgu jgh gS A 1930 eas vki izFke ckj tsy x, Fks ftles vkidks rhu ekg dh ltk ,oa 25&00 #i;s tqekZuk gqvk A blds ipkr 1932 ,oa 1934 esa dzek% fnYyh ,Oak dydRrk dkxzsl eas vkius 15 & 15 fnu dh tay ;k=k,sa Hkksxh A 1940 dh a s in;k=k] tks vkius gjnk ls fnYyh rd dh Fkh] vkids thou dk egku {k.k ds #i es vki ;kn j[krs gSA 1942 ds vkanksyu eas vkius bUnkSj eas Mss lSfud esa vkus dkvkea=.k feykA eSa vkxjk igqpk vkSj dke djus yxkA vaxszth lsukvksa dh gj eksps Z ij ijkt; gksjgh Fkh vkSj lekpkj nsrs gekjk fny cfYy;ksa mNyrk FkkA Hkkjr esa vanj gh vanj fonzksg dh vkxHkM+dus yxh FkhA 1942 ds yxrs gh J)s; ikyhoky th jktnzksg ds vkjksi esa fxjrkj dj fy;sx;s rFkk ljdkj us lSfud ds izdkku dks fQj can dj fn;kA eSa bUnkSj ykSV vk;kA 8 vxLr dks dkaxszl us ^^djks ;k ejks^^ dk izLrko ikl fd;kA usrkvksa dh fxjrkfj;ka kq:gks xbZA Jh dUgS;kyky [kknhokyk dks cEcbZ dkaxszl vf/kosku ls ykSVrs [k.Mok esa fxjrkj djfy;k x;kA 9 vxLr dks bUnkSj jkT; ds lHkh izeq[k dkaxszlh iztk eaMyh usrkvksa dks fxjrkj djeaMysoj dh tsy esa Mky fn;k x;kA iqfyl dh lwph esa ftu yksxksa ds uke Fks mUgsa
  • 3. vkSj eSaus vuqeku yxk fy;k fd iqfyl eq>s kh?kz gh idM+us okyh gSA fcuk dqN djs fxjrkjgksuk] ;g rks xka/kh th ds flikgh dh kku ds foijhr gSA xka/kh th us vkOgku fd;k gS fd djks ;kejks rks fcuk dqN djs tsy esa vU; cM+s usrkvksa dh rjg can gksuk] ;g esjs fy;s vPNh ckr ughagksxhA lks eSa Hkwfexr gks x;kA esjs ?kj ij iqfyl us Nkikekjk ;|fi eSa muds gkFk ugha yxk A lh-vk;-Mh- vkSj onhZ/kkjh iqfyl rFkk esjs chp vka[k fepkSyh yqdk fNih dk [ksy izkjaHk gks x;kA eSaus[kknh dh /kksrh&dqrkZ iguuk NksM+] gkQisV o kVZ vkSj Vksi /kkjh cu x;kA eYgkj xat esa nsk HkDr alkfFk;ksa ds ?kjksa esa fnu esa fNik jgrk vkSj jkr esa lR;kxzfg;ksa dh [kkst esa fudyrkA eSa egw Hkhx;k vkSj xqIr cSBd dj ukStokuksa dks tsytkus dks izksRlkfgr djrkA mTtSu] vkxj vknh x;kvkSj iqfyl okyksa dks pdek nsrk jgrkA blh chp LoxhZ; gtkjh ykyth tfM+;k lR;kxzg djuslHkk LFky ij igqps gh Fks fd iqfyl us mUgsa /kj nckspkA eq>s 7&8 fnu ckn izHkkeaMyh ukStokuksa ds;qok usrk Lo- HkkbZ ykHkpanth Ntykuh dk lansk feyk fd turk esa u;k tksk Hkjuk t:jh vkSjrqe ,slk lR;kxzg djks fd ;g dke gks tkosA 6 flrEcj 1942 dk fnu eSaus lR;kxzg ds fy;s pquk FkkA eSaus bUnkSj ds cM+s ljkQs esalR;kxzg djuk r; fd;k D;ksfd ogka vkerkSj ls HkhM+ HkkM+ nksigj ckn gksrh gh gSA ?kjokyksa us avkjrh mrkj] fryd yxk] vkkhZokn ns eq>s fonk fd;kA eSa ,d can rkaxas esa ;kuh ftlds lHkh vksjls insZ uhps fxjk fn;s Fks] cSB dj MaMs esa jk"Vh; >aMk fy;s jokuk gqvkA fnu ds 3%30 cts gksaxA eSaus schp cM+s ljkQs esa rkaxs ls dwn lM+d ij [kM+k gks&^Hkkjr ekrk dh t;^ dk ukjk yxkrs&>aMkQgjk;kA vkSj >aMk gkFk esa fy;s jk"Vh; ukjs tksj&tksj ls yxkrs gq, ihiyh cktkj dh vksj rsth lspy iM+kA rHkh ns[krs&ns[krs yksxksa dh HkhM+ tek gksus yxhA ljkQs ds nksuksa vksj ls 4&6 iqfylokys Hkh esjh vksj yidrs fn[kkbZ fn;sA ysfdu tc eSaus ihiyh cktkj dh vksj ls vkfr iqfyl dksns[kk rks cM+s ljkQs dh vksj rsth ls ykSV iM+kA iqfyl okys eq>s idM+us yxs fd eSa mUgsa /kDdknsdj fQj&cM+s ljkQs ls ihiyh cktkj ds pkSjkgs dh vksj nkSM+ iM+kA eSa frjaxk Qgjk jgk Fkk]bUdykc ftUnkckn] vaxsztksa Hkkjr NksM+ks ds ukjs cjkcj yxk jgk FkkA HkhM+ cM+s ljkQs dh lM+dksa ijmeM+us yxh vkSj eq>s iqfyl okys idM+us ugha ik jgs Fks] ;g ns[k turk g"kZ foHkksj gks [kqn Hkh ukjsyxkus yxhA cM+s ljkQs dh lM+dksa ij gtkjksa dh HkhM+ tek gks xbZ Fkh vkSj iqfyl dh ykjh cM+sljkQs ds nksuksa dksuksa ij :d xbZ FkhA iqfyl okys HkhM+ dks /kDdk ekjdj esjh vksj caMs dks cjkcj rkdr ls idM+s gq,&dHkhiqfyl ds fkadts ls cpus ds fy;s nkSM+rk] dHkh cSBrk] dHkh ysV tkrk vkSj iwjs tksj ls ukjs yxkrk 3
  • 4. jgrkA tSls&tSls iqfyl okyksa vkSj esjs chp ;g [khprku cM+rh tkrhA yksxksa esa vkSj tksk meM+rk]vkSj yksx iqfyl okyksa dks esjs idM+us esa ck/kk Mkyus ds fy;s vkxs c esa bruh kfDr] bruktksk] bruh fgEer dgka ls vkbZ ysfdu eSa ;g tkurk Fkk fd vkt eq>s ,slk lR;kxzg djuk gStks esjs uxj rks D;k izkar esa Hkh dgha ugha gqvk gksA eq>s ykHkpanth dk ;g lank dqN dj xqtjus sdks izfjr dj jgk Fkk fd esjs lR;kxzg ls turk esa cfynku dh Hkkouk Hkj tkos vkSj bUnkSj uxj sdk uke vktknh ds bfrgkl esa Lo.kkZ{kjksa esa fy[kk tkosA vkSj eSa gkFk esa NksVs MaMs esa yxk frjaxk fy;s guqekuh dwnQkan]Nykax yxkrs ljkQs dh lM+dij ,slk rwQku yk jgk Fkk] tks lp esa dHkh ugha yk;k x;k FkkA FkksM+s ls iqfyl okys ,d lR;kxzghdks vklkuh ls idM+ ykosxas bl [;ky ls fczt dksrokyh ij Mh-vk;-th- vkjke ls cSBs gq, FksA cknesa vkSj 10&15 iqfyl toku esjh fxjrkjh ds fy;s vkSj Hksts x;s&fdUrq rc rd ljkQs esa 10&15gtkj ls Hkh vf/kd HkhM+ tek gks xbZ Fkh iqfyl okys bl rwQku esa Qaldj jg x;s FksA HkhM+ ds jsysds lkFk iqfyl okys b/kj&m/kj gks tkrs vkSj eSa vkxs cs 3 o"kZ ;k 5 o"kZ rd dh dM+h dSn dh ltk nh tkosxhA lks] tc ge tsy esa cSjd esa igqaps rks lkfFk;ksa us ?ksj fy;kA iwNk & D;k QSlyk gqvk eSa galh jksd ugha ldkA dgk & **flQZ 3 ekg dh nks lknh dSn dh ltk] vkSj og Hkh ,d lkFk HkqxrkbZ tkosxhA lkFkh vkp;Z ls vka[ks QkM+ QkM+ dj eq>s ns[krs jgs lksprs jgs fd bruk Hkh"k.k lR;kxzg] ftleas ykBh dkaM] xksyh dkaM rd gqvk] ,d dh e`R;q gqbZ vkSj ipklksa ?kk;y vkSj ltk 3 ekg dh og Hkh lknhA 5
  • 6. bUnkSj lsUVy tsy esa 15 eghus eSaus cM+s vkjke ls fcrk;sA lqcg O;k;ke] v/;;u] Hkkstu vkSjfoJke kke dks fopkj xks"Bh] izopu vkSj [ksydwnA izkr%dky tsy ds yxHkx Mss lkSaik x;k FkkA usrkx.k esa loZ Jh fo-lh- ljoVs]oStukFk egksn;] HkS;k feJhyky xaxoky] uanfdkksj Hk] xaxkjke frokjh] jkeflag HkkbZ] nzfoM+]y{e.kflag pkSgku] dUgS;kyky egkk;] ukjk;.k izlkn vxzoky] lkSHkkX;ey pkSjfM;k] ykHkpanNtykuh] xksdqynkl |wr] iafMr th vkfn ds lkfu/; esa le; O;rhr gksrs nsj ugha yxhA bUnkSj esa lR;kxzg ds nkSjku vktknh dh yM+kbZ dk ;g igyk vkSj vafre xksyhckj FkkA eghukaasrd vke turk esas bl lR;kxzg dh xeZtkskh ds lkFk ppkZ gksrh jgh vkSj vkt Hkh ml lR;kxzgdk nkZd tc fey tkrk gS rks ml rwQkuh lR;kxzg vkSj esjh guqekuh Nykax dk ft fd;s fcukugha jgrkA bl ?kVuk dks vkt 43 o"kZ chr pqds gSa vkSj esjh mez 70 ikj dj pqdh gSa fdUrq Le`friVy ij og n`; vkt Hkh Li"V o ltho gS bl "kM;a= dsl esa eSa izeq[k vfHk;qDr Fkk vkSj ks"klc esjs lg;ksxhA 6

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