rock music konspekti

23
1 i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva” rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva (konspeqti Seadgina ped. irine ebraliZem) 1. Sesavali rok-musikis warmoSobis, ganviTarebis da mTels msoflioSi gavrcelebis Sesaxeb uamravi, farTe mkiTxvelisTvis gaTvlili masala arsebobs, maT Soris sxvadasxva saxis enciklopediebi, statiebi periodul gamocemebsa Tu internetSi, mravalgvari naSromebi. samwuxarod, es masalebi ZiriTadad Seicaven rokis sxvadasxva mimdinareobebis istoriuli warmoSobis, maTSi moRvawe jgufebis Camoyalibebis da moRvaweobis TariRebis, diskografiebis, maT mier mopovebuli jildoebis Sesaxeb informacias da sxva amgvar sakiTxebs ixilaven. praqtikulad am naSromebSi ver moZebniT am mimdinareobebis an musikosebis Semoqmedebis sociologiur Tu musikalur aspeqtze dayrdnobiT Rrma analizis mcdelobas. aqedan gamomdinare, mocemuli kursis mizania rok-musikis, rogorc XX saukunis udidesi musikaluri movlenis warmoSobisa da istoriuli ganviTarebis analizi, romelic nebismieri araprofesionali pirovnebisTvis iqneba gasagebi. garda amisa, rogorc Tavad saTauridan Cans, kursi ar iTvaliswinebs jgufebisa Tu calkeuli Semsruleblebis biogafiul-diskografiul mimoxilvas, vinaidan, rogorc ukve aRiniSna, es informacia didi raodenobiT moipoveba. aRsaniSnavia, rom rok-musikis stilebad dayofa sakmaod pirobiTia, radganac rok-musikosebis Semoqmedeba xSir SemTxvevaSi erTi mimarTulebiT ar Semoifargleba. amitomac “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilvis” kursis Seswavlisas yuradReba daeTmoba mxolod im saerTo tendebciebs, romlebmac mkafio kvali datoves rok-musikis ganviTarebis istoriaSi. vinaidan es kursi gankuTvnilia studentTa im umravlesobisTvis, romlebsac musikaluri ganaTleba ar gaaCniaT, amitom Sesavali Tavi daeTmoba zogierT sakiTxs, romlis codnac dagvexmareba nanaxi da mosmenili masalis analizis dros. pirvelyovlisa saWiroa Camovayalibod rok-musikis stilebisa da maTSi moRvawe jgufebis Tu calkeuli Semsruleblebis Sefasebis garkveuli kriteriumebi da aspeqtebi. TiToeuli mimdinareobis ganxilvisas Cven vixelmZRvanelebT Sefasebis mocemuli sqemiT: rok-musikis stilebi da maTi Camoyalibebis sociologiuri mizezebi musikaluri Sinaarsobrivi JReradobis vizualuri aspeqti aspeqti aspeqti aspeqti melodia poeturi ZiriTadi gamoyenebuli vokalis sasceno da teqsti koncepcia sakravebi manera video-efeqtebi harmonia

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Page 1: Rock Music Konspekti

1

i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva

(konspeqti Seadgina ped. irine ebraliZem)

1. Sesavali

rok-musikis warmoSobis, ganviTarebis da mTels msoflioSi gavrcelebis

Sesaxeb uamravi, farTe mkiTxvelisTvis gaTvlili masala arsebobs, maT Soris

sxvadasxva saxis enciklopediebi, statiebi periodul gamocemebsa Tu internetSi,

mravalgvari naSromebi. samwuxarod, es masalebi ZiriTadad Seicaven rokis

sxvadasxva mimdinareobebis istoriuli warmoSobis, maTSi moRvawe jgufebis

Camoyalibebis da moRvaweobis TariRebis, diskografiebis, maT mier mopovebuli

jildoebis Sesaxeb informacias da sxva amgvar sakiTxebs ixilaven. praqtikulad am

naSromebSi ver moZebniT am mimdinareobebis an musikosebis Semoqmedebis

sociologiur Tu musikalur aspeqtze dayrdnobiT Rrma analizis mcdelobas.

aqedan gamomdinare, mocemuli kursis mizania rok-musikis, rogorc XX saukunis

udidesi musikaluri movlenis warmoSobisa da istoriuli ganviTarebis analizi,

romelic nebismieri araprofesionali pirovnebisTvis iqneba gasagebi. garda amisa,

rogorc Tavad saTauridan Cans, kursi ar iTvaliswinebs jgufebisa Tu calkeuli

Semsruleblebis biogafiul-diskografiul mimoxilvas, vinaidan, rogorc ukve

aRiniSna, es informacia didi raodenobiT moipoveba. aRsaniSnavia, rom rok-musikis

stilebad dayofa sakmaod pirobiTia, radganac rok-musikosebis Semoqmedeba xSir

SemTxvevaSi erTi mimarTulebiT ar Semoifargleba. amitomac “rok-musikis stilebis

istoriuli mimoxilvis” kursis Seswavlisas yuradReba daeTmoba mxolod im saerTo

tendebciebs, romlebmac mkafio kvali datoves rok-musikis ganviTarebis istoriaSi.

vinaidan es kursi gankuTvnilia studentTa im umravlesobisTvis, romlebsac

musikaluri ganaTleba ar gaaCniaT, amitom Sesavali Tavi daeTmoba zogierT sakiTxs,

romlis codnac dagvexmareba nanaxi da mosmenili masalis analizis dros.

pirvelyovlisa saWiroa Camovayalibod rok-musikis stilebisa da maTSi

moRvawe jgufebis Tu calkeuli Semsruleblebis Sefasebis garkveuli kriteriumebi

da aspeqtebi. TiToeuli mimdinareobis ganxilvisas Cven vixelmZRvanelebT Sefasebis

mocemuli sqemiT:

rok-musikis stilebi da maTi Camoyalibebis sociologiuri mizezebi

musikaluri Sinaarsobrivi JReradobis vizualuri

aspeqti aspeqti aspeqti aspeqti

melodia poeturi ZiriTadi gamoyenebuli vokalis sasceno da

teqsti koncepcia sakravebi manera video-efeqtebi

harmonia

Page 2: Rock Music Konspekti

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

ganvixiloT Sefasebis aspeqtebi, maTi Semadgeneli elementebi, raTa vicodeT,

Tu ras gulisxmobs TiToeuli maTgani.

musikaluri aspeqti: rogorc sqemaze vxedavT Sefasebis am aspeqtis ganxilvisas

musikaluri xelovnebis ori ZiriTadi elementi unda gaviTvaliswinoT – melodia da

harmonia.

melodia, rogorc cneba sakmaod advilad aRiqmeba, vinaidan nebismieri

musikaluri nawarmoebis ZiriTad minamRers warmoadgens. melodia – garkveuli

simaRlis musikaluri bgerebis kombinaciaa drois garkveul monakveTSi. aqedan

gamomdinare, sxvadasxva simaRlis musikaluri bgerebis rac ufro naklebi

raodenobaa gamoyenebuli melodiis Seqmnisas, miT ufro martivia Tavad melodiuri

naxati. da piriqiT, rac ufro metia gansxvavebuli bgera da rac ufro originaluria

maTi kombinacia, miT ufro rTulia melodiuri naxati. garda amisa, musikaluri

bgerebis kombinacia iTvaliswinebs melodiuri naxatis rogorc mdore moZraobas da

am SemTxvevaSi melodia ufro mReradi da advilad dasamaxsovrebelia, aseve

naxtomiseul moZraobas da am SemTvevaSi melodia sakmaod rTulia, an erT-or-sam

bgeraze moZraobas da am SemTxvevaSi melodia sakmaod primitiulia.

ramdenime musikaluri bgeris erTdrouli JReradoba qmnis bgeraTa

Tanxmovanebas, anu akords. Tavis mxriv, akordebis Tanmimdevruli, garkveuli

monacvleoba, rodesac erTi akordi scvlis meores da es akordebi brunaven

erTmaneTSi, qmnis harmonias. aRsaniSnavia, rom nebismier musikalur nawarmoebs

safuZvlad udevs mxolod misTvis damaxasiaTebeli akordebis monacvleoba, anu

harmonia. rac ufro naklebi raodenobis akordi brunavs nawarmoebSi, miT ufro

martivia misi harmonia, da piriqiT, rac ufro meti gansxvavebuli akordia

gamoyenebuli brunvaSi, miT ufro rTuli da mdidaria harmonia.

bunebrivia, rom rokTan mimarTebaSi melodiuri da harmoniuli simartive ar

niSnavs musikis uxarisxobas, radganac musikalur xelovnebaSi melodiac, harmoniac

da gamomsaxvelobis sxva xerxebic yovelTvis emsaxureba nawarmoebis ZiriTadi

Sinaarsis, masSi asaxuli ZiriTadi ideis saukeTeso gadmocemas.

aseve musikalur aspeqtSi unda ganixilos rok-musikisTvis damaxasiaTebeli

improvizireba, romelic sxvadasxv saxiT Tavs iCens kompoziciebis umravlesobaSi.

improvizireba, Tavisi arsiT, nawarmoebis melodiko-harmoniul monacemebze

dayrdnobiT Semsruleblis sakuTari azrebis gadmocemas warmoadgens.

poeturi aspeqti: rok-musika, rogorc xelovneba, metwilad gamoxatavs

protests romelime movlenisa Tu moqmedebis winaaRmdeg. gasakuTrebiT protestis

mamoZravebeli Zala Tavs iCens musikis am mimarTulebis ganviTarebis sawyiss etapze.

bunebrivia, rom es protesti aisaxeba poetur teqstSi. Tu poeturi teqsti

maRalmxatvruli xarisxiT gamoirCeva, maSin musikaluri aspeqtis elementebi

meorexarisxovania da ara mxolod ar uSlis, aramed exmareba teqstSi asaxuli azris

aRqmas. Tu ki poeturi teqsti sakmaod martivia, am SemTxvevaSi saWiro xdeba misi

gamdidreba gamomsaxvelobis sxva xerxebiT. rok-musikis tendenciebs Soris aris

iseTebic, sadac poeturi teqsti saerTod ar gamoiyeneba, rac musikalur aspeqts wina

planze ayenebs. aq, saTanadod, melodia-harmonia rTuli da mdidaria da nawarmoebis

ZiriTadi koncepciis gadmocemas emsaxureba.

Page 3: Rock Music Konspekti

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

JReradobis aspeqti: musikaluri bgeris damaxasiaTebel Tvisebebs Soris aris

e.w. tembri, anu bgeris JReradobis Seferiloba. aRsaniSnavia, rom sxvadasxva tembris

mqone sakravebis Serwyma qmnis musikis ganumeorebel elfers. vinaidan rok-musikis

Semsruleblebi, iSviaTi gamonaklisiT, iyeneben eleqtro-sakravebs, aq

mizanSewonilia gaviTvaliswinoT sxvadasxvagvari efeqtebis da tembrebis

mravalferovneba, rac Semsruleblebs sakuTari, sxvebisgan gansxvavebuli JReradobis

Seqmnis farTe saSualebebs aZlevs.

rac Seexeba vokalis maneras, igi rok-musikaSi metwilad agresiulobiT da

damaxasiaTebeli “xrinwiani” tembriT gamoirCeva. aqedan gamomdinare rok-vokalists

zalzed Zlieri vokaluri monacemebi unda hqondes, raTa vokaluri maneris

sirTuleebs da datvirTvas gauZlos.

vizualuri aspeqti: rok-musikis warmomadgenlebi, gasakuTrebiT am

mimdinareobis ganviTarebis sawyiss etapze, xSirad marTavdnen koncertebs.

satelevizio xelovnebis daxvewasTan erTad ixveweboda rok-Semsruleblebis video—

asalebis xarisxic. aRsaniSnavia rok-musikis vizualuri mxaris pirdapiri

damokidebuleba nawarmoebis SinaarsTan – vizualuri efeqtebi maqsimalurad

aZliereben msmenel-mayureblis mier nawarmoebSi asaxuli ZiriTadi ideis saukeTeso

aRqmas.

rok-musikis stilebis ganxilvisas Cven visargeblebT Sefasebis zemoTxsenebuli

kriteriumebiT da aspeqtebiT, raTa movaxdinoT am xelovnebis Camoyalibebisa da

momdevno ganviTarebis analizi.

rogorc sqemidan Cans, Sefasebis aspeqtebSi ar aris gaTvaliswinebuli

musikaluri ritmis mxare, radganac rok-musikis kompoziciebis srul umravlesobas,

Zalzed umniSvnelo gamonaklisebiT, safuZvlad udevs e.w. “Four Beat”-i, anu oTxwiladi

ritmuli naxatebi. zogierT stilSi es ZiriTadi “biti” aris ramdenadme

modificirebuli.

rokis winamorbedi Janrebi did britaneTsa da amerikaSi.

Surf Music. Garage Rock

1950-ani wlebSi aSS da mTeli msoflio gatacebuli iyo rok-en-roliT, vinaidan

am Janrs mravali, farTe msmenelisTvis sakmaod mimzidveli Tviseba hqonda. es exeba

rogorc wminda musikalur aspeqts – advilad dasamaxsovrebeli melodia, SedarebiT

martivi harmonia, ise Sinaarsobriv aspeqtsac, rac gamoixateba sasiyvarulo teqstebsa

da sacekvao ritmebSi. aRsaniSnavia, rom rok-en-roli yovelTvis asocirdeba

axalgazrdobasTan, rac ar aris gasakviri misi gansakuTrebuli energetikidan

gamomdinare.

am periodSi TiTqmis yvela jgufi, rogorc aSS-Si, ise did britaneTSi, iwyebda

Tavis moRvaweobas, rogorc rok-en-rolis Semsrulebeli. magram droTa

ganmavlobaSi zogierTi, progresulad ganwyobili musikosi Tu jgufi, cdilobda

gaerRvia rok-en-rolis CarCoebi da mis safuZvelze Seeqmna gansxvavebuli stilis

musika. didi britaneTi, miuxedavad cxovrebis konservatiuli tradiciebisa,

yovelTvis uswrebda aSS-s novatoruli ideebis CamoyalibebaSi. 1950-ani wlebis

Page 4: Rock Music Konspekti

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

miwuruls britanel musikosTa garkveulma nawilma Semoitana rok-en-rolisgan

gansxvavebuli elementebi – liriuli balada da erovnul e.w. “Sciffle”-tradiciebze

agebuli araordinaluri kompoziciebis kultura. am movlenebs adrindeli

britanuli rokis (Early British Rock) saxeli mieniWa da maT moumzades niadagi rok-

musikis, rogorc mimdinareobis Camoyalibebas. am mimarTulebis warmomadgenlebi

Tavis SemoqmedebaSi iyenebdnen rogorc ritm-end-bluzis da rok-en-rolis musikalur

miRwevebs, ise sakuTar, erovnul elementebs, rac sakmaod moulodnel efeqts

iZleoda. musikis tempebi varirdeba neli baladidan swraf cekvamde, sakravieri

Tanxleba sakmaod mZimea, vokalSi TandaTanobiT Cndeba rokisTvis damaxasiaTebeli

“xrincianoba”, SemsrulebelTan qceva scenaze ufro da ufro nerviul-agresiuli

xdeba. adrindeli britanuli rokis mwvervali - jgufebis “The Beatles” da “The Rolling

Stones” Semoqmedebaa.

amavdroulad aSS-s axalgazrdoba aseve imyofeboda axali tendenciebis ZiebaSi,

ris Sedegadac miviReT saintereso mimdinareoba, sadac musikis tempi sagrZnoblad

Senelda, instrumentuli Tanxleba damZimda, xolo vokaluri partia wamoiwia wina

planze da naklebad mReradi gaxda. vinaidan, musikosebi am mimarTulebiT sakuTar

eqsperimentebs metwilad mSoblebis avtofarexebSi atarebdnen, musikis es

mimarTuleba “avtofarexis rokis” (Garage Rock) saxeliTaa cnobili.

aRsaniSnavia aseve aSS-Si gavrcelebuli kidev erTi mimdinareoba, romelmac

msoflio rok-musikis Camoyalibebas Seuwyo xeli – e.w. “siorf miuzik” (Surf Music). es

mimarTuleba rokis sakravieri ganStoebis winamorbedia, radganac mas ar gaaCnia

vokaluri partia. siorf-musikosebi ZiriTadad asrulebdnen sacekvao xasiaTis

kompoziciebs, romlebic rok-en-rolisgan gansxvavebiT ufro didi daZabulobiT

gamoirCeodnen, iTxovdnen Semsruleblisgan sakmaod maRal teqnikur momzadebas da

xSirad aziuri musikisTvis damaxasiaTebel elementebs Seicavdnen. garda amisa

yvelaze didi yuradReba eTmoba solistis improvizacias.

aseve aRsaniSnavia, rom 1950-ani wlebis miwuruls kaliforniis StatSi moRvawe

jgufebis garkveuli nawili did yuradRebas sasiamovno jReradobis mravalxmianobas

aqcevda, ramac mravalxmian roks daudo safuZveli. SemdgomSi am jgufebis

Semoqmedebas “kaliforniis JReradoba” (California Sound) daerqva.

Sejamebisas SesaZlebelia Camovayalibod is saerTo tendenciebi, romlebic

axasiaTebs zemoTganxilul stilebs da amzadeben rok-musikis mniSvnelovani stilebis

Camoyalibebas:

musikaluri aspeqti – melodia kargavs “tkbil” sasiamovno elfers,

harmonia rTuldeba

Sinaarsobrivi aspeqti – poeturi teqsti metwilad sasiyvarulo rCeba,

magram TandaTanobiT mZafrdeba lirizmidan tragizmamde

JReradobis aspeqti – rokis winamorbedi mimarTulebisTvis albaT

yvelaze mniSvnelovani aspeqtia, radganac swored am mimdinareobebSi

Camoyalibda da daixvewa rok-jgufis tradiciuli Semadgenloba – sami

eleqtro gitara da dasartyami sakravebi; garda amisa vokalis maneramac

SeiZina is Seudarebeli “xrinwi”, romlitac ase ixibleba axalgazrdoba

mravali aTwleulis ganmavlobaSi

Page 5: Rock Music Konspekti

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

vizualuri aspeqti – metwilad am jgufebis gamosvlebi vizualurad ar

iyo gaformebuli, scenaze tradiciulad iyo ganlagebuli sakravebi da

Semsruleblebi; mxolod “kaliforniis JReradobis” warmomadgenlebi

cdilobdnen dadgmuli moZraobebiT gamoecocxlebinaT scenis

statikuroba.

warmomadgenlebi:

adrindeli britanuli roki _ Alexis Korner, The Kinks, The Pretty Things, The Animals,

The Yardbirds, The Who, The Rolling Stones, The Beatles

Garage Rock – The Kingsmen, The Trashmen, The Rivieras, Paul Rever & The Raiders, The Sonics,

The Standells, New Colony Six

Surf Music – Dick Dale, The Surfaris, The Beach Boys, Jan & Dean

2. folk-roki; qanTri-roki (Folk Rock; Country Rock)

1960-an wlebSi aSS-Si yalibdeba musikis axali mimarTuleba, romelic dRes

cnobilia “Folk Rock”-is (folk-roki), xandaxan “Country Rock”-is saxelwodebiT. rok-

musikis es mimdinareoba amerikis qalaquri simReris kulturuli tradiciebis

niadagze aRmocenda. tradiciul qalaqur simReras xSir SemTxvevaSi Tavad am

simRerebis Semqmnelebi asrulebdnen akustikuri gitaris (xSirad TviTonve tuCis

harmonikazec ukravdnen) an e.w. “jag-bendebis” (Jug-Band; jug – Tixis jami) TanxlebiT, am

simRerebis melodiur-harmoniuli mxare simartiviT da gulwrfelobiT gamoirCeoda,

poeturi teqstebis Tematika asaxavda umuSevrobis, emigraciis, gadasxlebis,

samSoblos mimarT nostalgiis, studenturi cxovrebis an bohemis (sxvadasxva dargSi

moRvawe Tavisufali xelovanebi) da sxva amdagvar problemebs. TandaTanobiT e.w.

“saavtoro simReris” Semsruleblebma myari adgili daimkvidres amerikis

sazogadoebriv-socialur cxovrebaSi, radganac Semsruleblebis didi mobilurobis

(momRerali gitariT) da saWirboroto sakiTxebis Tematikis mqone repertuaris gamo

maT xSirad patiJebdnen sxvadasxva saxis RonisZiebebze. 1960-ani wlebis meore

naxevarSi, rodesac mTeli msoflio, gansakuTrebiT ki amerika aqtiurad gamoxatavda

protests SeiaraRebis, narkomaniis, umuSevrobis, rasobrivi diskriminaciis,

studentTa da qalTa uflebebis darRvevis winaaRmdeg sxvadasxvagvari mitingebisa,

demonstraciebis, festivalebis, sayovelTao gaficvebis, svlebis saxiT, am

RonisZiebebis monawile yovelTvis iyvnen qalaquri simReris avtor-Semsruleblebi,

romlebis avtorobiT araerTi moZraobis himnia cnobili.

droTa ganmavlobaSi, 1960-ani wlebis miwuruls folk-momRerlebi ufro da

ufro rokisken ixrebian, rac harmoniis da vokalis maneris gamZafrebaSi aisaxa.

garda amisa ufro xSirad iyeneben sxvadasxva saxis wminda xalxur sakravebs, da, rac

Page 6: Rock Music Konspekti

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

mTavaria, eleqtro-gitarebs. folk-rokis zogierTi Semsruleblis didi zegavlena

igrZnoba rogorc aSS-s, ise didi britaneTis rokis mniSvnelovan warmomadgenlebze.

rac Seexeba did britaneTs, folk-roki aq viTardeboda sakuTar xalxur

musikaze dayrdnobiT, gasakuTrebuli mniSvneloba eniWeboda folk-baladebs da

misTvis damaxasiaTebel melodiko-harmoniul Taviseburebebs. aqedan gamomdinare,

britanuli folk-roki naklebad demokratiulia, ufro mZimed aRsaqmeli da

kompoziciurad ufro rTuli. Tematika ZiriTadad sayofacxovrebo problemebs

exeboda, Tumca SeimCneoda zogadsakacobivo problemebis winaaRmdeg protestic,

Tumca SedarebiT Serbilebuli. gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba eniWeba britanul

erovnul sakravebs, romlebis droTa ganmavlobaSi eleqtronizaciac moxda.

ganvixiloT folk-rokis stilis ZiriTadi Tvisebebi, romlebmac garkveul

wilad niadagi moumzada rok-xelovnebis saerTo momdevno ganviTarebas:

musikaluri aspeqti – melodia da harmonia zomierad martivi, advilad

dasamaxsovrebeli da amitom Zalzed misaRebi farTe auditoriisTvis

Sinaarsobrivi aspeqti – albaT yvelaze mniSvnelovani rok-musikisTvis,

radganac rogorc poeturi teqstebi, ise ZiriTadi koncepcia protestis

yvelanairi gamoxatulebis amsaxvelia, da amitomac mZafri da energiulia

JReradobis aspeqti – folk-rokisTvis damaxasiaTebeli dasawyisSi

akustikuri, SemdgomSi ki eleqtro-gitaris Tanxleba faqtiurad

ganamtikicebs eleqtro-gitaris, rogorc rok-liders poziciebs sxva

sakravebTan SedarebiT (rok-musikis ganviTarebis ganmavlobaSi

SemuSavda iseTi termini, rogoricaa “Lead Guitar” – wamyvani gitara,

romelsac dRes “Solo Guitar” uwodeben); garda amisa, tuCis harmonikas, am

WeSmaritad amerikuli qanTri-musikis simbolos, sakmaod xSirad iyeneben

rokis sxva stilebis warmomadgenlebic

vizualuri aspeqti – vizualurad folk-rokmenebi cdilobdnen e.w.

“soflis biWunas” (Country Boy – jinsis Sarvali da qurTuki, ujredebiani

perangebi, fermerebis farTefrTebiani qudebi da Ceqma) an “soflis

gogonas” (Country Girl – igive Cacmuloba, rac mamakacebs, an Txeli Wreli

kabebi, yvavilebiT morTuli gaSlili an dawnuli Tma) imijis Seqmnas,

rac musikis aRqmins gamaZlerebel, saTanado sasceno ganwyobilebis

Seqmnis aSkara mcdeloba iyo

warmomadgenlebi:

aSS - Woody Guthry (pioneer), Roger McGuinn, The Birds, Simon & Garfunkel,

The Mamas & The Papas, Bobby Darin, The Band, Bob Dylan, Donovan, Joan Baez, Judy Collins,

Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young, Credence Clearwater Revival, Cat Stevens, Joni Mitchel

didi britaneTi – Steeley Span, Lindis Farn, Pentagle, Alan Stirell

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

3. bluz-roki (Blues Rock)

miuxedavad imisa, rom bluzi - XX saukunis musikaluri kulturis erTerTi

mniSvnelovani movlenaa, mocemuli kursi ar iTvaliswinebs misi, rogorc musikaluri

Janris dawvrilebiT Seswavlas. SevexebiT mxolod im elementebs, romlebic bluz-

rokis damaxasiaTebeli Tvisebebis dadgenaSi mogvexmareba.

ganvixiloT bluzis poeturi da musikaluri struqtura. bluzis poeturi

teqstis strofi sami Tanabari nawilisgan Sedgeba, sadac TiTo nawili leqsis erT

striqons warmoadgens. rogorc wesi, pirveli da meore striqoni identuria, xolo

strofis damaboloebeli mesame striqoni Semajamebeli informaciis matarebelia.

magaliTad:

Everybody knows me moanin‟

Everybody knows me moanin‟

But I‟m moanin‟ „cause I lost my little baby!

bunebrivia, rom bluzis musikaluri forma agebulia poeturi formis

gaTvaliswinebiT da amitomac sam musikalur winadadebas Seicavs.

aRsaniSnavia bluzis unikaluri damaxasiaTebeli Tviseba – gansakuTrebuli

melodika. evropul musikalur xelovnebaSi cnobilia Svidsafexuriani diatonuri

bgeraTrigebi, romlebsac xalxur kiloebs uwodeben, radganac isini evropeli

xalxis folkloridan arian cnobili. arsebobis dasawyisidanve bluzi eyrdnoba

zanguri xalxuri musikis bgeraTrigs, romelSic gansakutrebuli mniSvneloba “Off-

pitch” (“sizustes acdenili”) tonebis gansxvavebul nairsaxeobas e.w “Blue Notes”

(naRvliani, an bluzis bgerebi) eniWeba.

didi xnis ganmavlobaSi arsebobda mcdari azri, rom bluzis bgerebi mxolod

diatonuri bgeraTrigis safexurebis amaRleba an dadablebaa. sinamdvileSi ki bluzis

tonebi – damoukidebeli bgerebia, romlebsac temperirebul wyobaSi ar gaaCniaT

mkafiod fiqsirebuli simaRle, rogorc es diatonur kiloSi xdeba, da amitomac maT

“Off-Pitch” tonebi, anu swizustes acilebuli bgerebi uwodes, radganac bluzis bgerebi

temperirebul wyobaze miCveuli adamianis yurisaTvis marTlac rom “usufTaod”

JRers.

aRsaniSnavia, rom bluzSi musikaluri gamomsaxvelobis kulminacia emTxveva

frazis dasawyiss, da musikaluri azris Semdgomi ganviTareba daRmavali

mimarTulebiT mimdinareobs.

bluzs akordebis monacvleobis sakmaod mdgradi, Camoyalibebuli harmoniuli

sistema gaaCnia. harmoniuli svlebis mixedviT arCeven bluzis Semdeg saxeebs:

arqauli, klasikuri da Tanamedrove (anu modificirebuli). bluz-rokis

warmomadgenlebi ZiriTadad klasikuri bluzis harmoniiT sargebloben misi

JReradobis didi “demokratiulobis” gamo. ganvixiloT klasikuri bluzis

harmoniuli fuZe (akordebs davarqmevTYim bgeris saxels, romelzec es Tanxmovaneba

aigeba):

do - fa - do - do

fa - fa - do - do

sol - fa - do - do

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

rogorc vxedavT, klasikuri bluzis harmnia sakmaod martivia, igi mxolod sam

gansxvavebul akords Seicavs, magram am akordebis mocemuli kombinaciisa da

melodiaSi gamoyenebuli bluzis kilos meSveobiT iqmneba ganumeorebeli JReradoba.

bluzi aRmocenda rogorc sasimRero Janri, XX saukunis 40-ani wlebidan

sakravier musikad iqca (Rhythm&Blues), xolo 60-ani wlebidan mas axali ganStoeba

SeeZina rokis saxiT.

bluz-rokis warmomadgenlebma gamoiyenes bluzis forma da harmonia, magram

bluzmenebisa da ritm-end-bluzis warmomadgenlebisgan gansxvavebiT gaamZafres

ritmi, romelic rokisTvis damaxasiaTebel damZimebul “Four Beat”-s eyrdnoba, da

melodiuri naxatis agebisas moswydnen bluzis kilos. garda amisa sagrZnoblad

gaizarda Sesrulebis tempis siswrafec.

ganvixiloT bluz-rokis ZiriTadi Tvisebebi:

musikaluri aspeqti – nawarmoebebis melodika da SemsrulebelTa

improvizireba faqtiurad “bluzis bgerebs” aRar Seicavs, maT nacvlad

gamoiyeneba “mimsgavsebuli” amaRlebul-dadablebuli diatonuri

safexurebi; musikaluri forma Tumca samnawilianobas inarCunebs, misi

nawilebi TandaTanobiT kargaven bluzis nawilebisTvis damaxasiaTebel

“siTanabres”; harmonia eyrdnoba klasikuri bluzis akordTa

monacvleobas

Sinaarsobrivi aspeqti – bluzi, jer kidev ganviTarebis sawyiss etapze,

yovelTvis Seicavda garkveul protests, radganac asaxavda zangi monebis

mZime yofa-cxovrebas, amitomac rokmenebisTvis farTe “saprotetsto”

asparezs warmoadgenda, romlis amplituda sakmaod masStaburi iyo.

JReradobis aspeqti – ritm-end-bluzis Camoyalibeba bluzis eleqtro-

sakravebze SesrulebasTanaa dakavSirebuli, amitomac SemsrulebelTa

jgufebis Semadgenloba iseTivea, rogorc rokis sxva stilebSi – bas-

gitara, 2 eleqtro-gitara, dasartyami sakravebi. iSviaTad, magram emateba

xolme eleqtro-klaviSiani sakravebic, rac mniSvnelovania rokis sxva

stilebis CamoyalibebisTvis. bluz-rokis warmomadgenlebma bluzs

SesZines JReradobis meti simZlavre, eleqtro-gitaris sxvadasxva

efeqtebiT gamowveuli simZafre da ufro energiuli, agresiuli vokalis

manera. aRsaniSnavia, rom bluz-rokis warmomadgenlabma daiwyes rokSi

e.w. “Back Vocal”-is gamoyeneba, riTac SemdgomSi araerTi rok-stilis

musikosi isargeblebs

vizualuri aspeqti – vizualuri mxare rokis am mimarTulebisTvis

meorexarisxovania, radganac Tavad musikis gamomsaxvelobis muxti

imdenad didia, rom raime gansakuTrebul vizuals ar iTxovs.

yvelaferi zemoT Tqmuli ZiriTadad exeba bluz-rokis amerikul ganStoebas.

rac Seexeba am mimarTulebis britanel warmomadgenlebs, maT bluzis ZiriTadi

monacemebis Seswavlis Semdeg iwyes misi “gaerovnuleba”, ris Sedegadac kacobriobam

miiRo e.w. “British Blues” (britanuli bluzi). britanuli bluzis Camoyalibebis procesi

jgufebis “The Rolling Stones” da “The Beatles” SemoqmedebaSi daiwyo. momdevno

ganviTarebis Sedegad miviReT bluzis uCveulo forma, sadac SenarCunebulia

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

faqtiurad mxolod amerikuli bluzis musikaluri forma, xolo melodiko-

harmoniuli fuZe wminda britanulia. garda amisa, amerikul ganStoebasTan SedarebiT

nawarmoebebis tempi Senelebulia. faqtiurad, britaneTis bluzma niadagi moumzada

rokis iseT mniSvnelovan stilebs, rogoricaa fsiqodeliuri roki, hard-roki da

sxva.

warmomadgenlebi:

The Cream, John Mayall Bluesbreakers, Ten Years After, The Steppenwolf, Rory Gallagher

4. fsiqodeliuri roki (Psychedelic Rock)

1960-ani wlebis meore naxevarSi didi britaneTis rok-musikosTa garkveuli

jgufi sTavazobs sazogadoebas sxva arsebuli stilebisgan Sinaarsobrivad da

musikalurad gansxvavebul movlenas, romelmac drois mokle periodSi

axalgazrdobis usazRvro mowoneba, xolo musikis kritikosebis saocrad uaryofiTi

Sefaseba moipova. rok-musikis am mimdinareobas Tavdapirvelad kritikosebis mier

ironiulad ewoda “fsiqodeliuri roki”, xolo dRes am saxelwodebaSi bevrad ufro

meti devs, vidre mxolod ironia.

did saidumlos ar warmoadgens is faqti, rom 1960-ani wlebi kacobriobis

ganviTarebis istoriaSi aRiniSneba, rogorc uamravi problemis Semcveli periodi,

rodesac axalgazrdoba eZebda nebismier TavSesafars am problemebisgan, iqneboda es

saprotesto mitingi Tu myudro oTaxSi miRebuli gamabruebeli narkotiuli

nivTiereba, agresiuli, gamomwvevi qmedeba (“hipi”-moZraoba) Tu alkoholis

“CaxutebaSi” napovni droebiTi simSvide. axalgazrdoba eZebda xsnas iq, sadac misi

azriT es xsna eguleboda.

cnobilia, rom musikiT gatacebuli adamianebi Zalzed mgrZnobiareni arian da

ufro mtkivneulad reagireben sxvadasxva saxis kataklizmebze, vidre araxelovani

sazogadoeba. bunebrivia, rom rok-musikosebsac Seexo alkoholiT da narkotikebiT

gatacebis seni. cnobilia, rom adamianis sulieri mdgomareobidan gamomdinare

rogorc narkotiki, ise alkoholi gansxvavebul gavlenas axdens sxvadasxva

pirovnebebze. zogi agresiulia, zogi, piriqiT, daTrgunuli, zogs ulamazesi

halucinacia ebadeba, zogi ki SiSisgan gonebas kargavs. asea Tu ise, yvelaferi es

adamianis sulier diskomfortze metyvelebs, da, ra Tqma unda, mxolod zians ayenebs

mis fsiqiur Tu fizikur janmrTelobas. mravali rok-musikosi droulad mixvda amas

da usazRvro nebisyofis ZaliT saR cxovrebas daubrunda, mravalma ki Tavi Seswira

am mavneblobas. raoden cudi da arasasiamovnoa es faqti, istorias ver SevcvliT da

faqtebis falsificirebas ver movaxdenT, miTumetes, rom rok-musikas saerTod

arasaxarbielo renome aqvs farTe sazogadoebaSi, rac Zalzed samwuxaroa, vinaidan

rok-musikis ZiriTadi arsi da Sinaarsobrivi mizani – adamianis Tavisuflebaa

Zaladobis nebismieri gamovlinebisagan. ubralod am ideebis amsaxveli saSualebebi

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

Zalzed specifiuri da xSir SemTxvevaSi “xmauriani” da snoburi gagebiT “miuRebelia”,

rac rok-musikas gancalkevebiT ayenebs xelovnebis sxva dargebTan SedarebiT.

1960-ani wlebi – es ara mxolod sruliad sakacobrivo problemebis periodia.

am aTwleulis meore naxevarSi sazogadoebaSi Tavs iCens aseve axalgazrda

pirovnebis Sinagani konfliqti, rodesac is rasac aswavlian sruliad ar esatyviseba

garemocvas, sadac maRalfardovani grZnobebis da lozungebis nacvlad igi

usamarTlobas, sisastikes, Ralats, Zaladobas “ejaxeba”. ideologiis da sinamdvilis

amgvari usatyvisoba iwvevs araadekvatur reaqcias da adamiani iwyebs am “Cixidan”

gamosvlis sxvadasxva xerxebis Ziebas. swored fsiqodeliuri rokis

warmomadgenlebma pirvelad moaxdines pirovnebis am Sinagani konfliqtisa da

sulieri mdgomareobis sayovelTao preparireba, ramac ganapiroba msmenelTa

“mxardaWera” da kritikosTa “lanZRva”.

ganvixiloT fsiqodeliuri rokis damaxasiaTebeli Tvisebebi CvenTvis cnobili

Sefasebis kriteriumebis daxmarebiT:

musikaluri aspeqti – fsiqodeliuri rokis kompoziciebi umavlesoba

gamoirCeva sakmaod didi xangrZlivobiT, rac musikis ganviTarebis neli

tempiTaa gamowveuli. Tavad neli tempi ki “halucinogenis” moqmedebis

qveS myofi adamianis azrovnebisa da moqmedebis SenelebiTaa gamowveuli.

aqedan gamomdinare, musikaluri ganviTarebis neli tempi msmenels

ZiriTadi ideis saukeTeso aRqmaSi exmareba. melodia xSirad

reCitatiuli xasiaTisaa (reCitativi – profesiuli terminia da

musikaluri bgerebis meSveobiT laparaks niSnavs, amitom igi erTi an

ramdenime bgeris gameorebazea agebuli da adamianis metyvelebis

bgerweraa). harmonia fsiqodeliuri rokis kompoziciebSi xSir

SemTxvevaSi mwiria, akordebis minimaluri raodenobis gamoyenebiT,

mTlianobaSi ZiriTadi ideis Cveneba, momdevno improvizaciuli

ganviTareba da misi Sejameba mimdinareobs mdored da gaSlilad.

aRsaniSnavia, rom erT kompoziciaSi metwilad gaerTianebulia ramdenime

sxvadasxva ganwyobis matarebeli monakveTi, romelic adamianis sulieri

samyaros mravalferovnebas asaxavs.

Sinaarsobrivi aspeqti – fsiqodeliuri rokis kompoziciebis

umravlesoba, miuxedavad xangrZlivi sakravieri improvizaciebisa,

aucileblad eyrdnoba sakmaod seriozul poetur teqts. poeturi mxaris

xazgasmas emsaxureba yvela danarCeni gamomsaxvelobis xerxi. swored

poeturi teqstis dominirebiTaa gamowveuli fsiqodeliuri rokis

kompoziciebis melodiko-harmoniuli simartive, radganac am SemTxvevaSi

musika ar unda uSlides teqstis da ZiriTadi ideis aRqmas. teqstebis

Tematikis amplituda Seicavs adamianis sulieri mdgomareobis srul

speqtrs – sasowarkveTilebidan udides aRmafrenamde.

JReradobis aspeqti – sayuradReboa jgufis Semadgenloba, romelSic am

mimarTulebis musikosebma erT-erT aucilebel sakravad gitarebTan da

dasartyamTan erTad eleqtro-klaviSiani sakravebic SemoiRes. yvela am

eleqtronul sakravs gaaCnda efeqtebis sakmaod farTe speqtri, rac

ZiriTadi ideis gadmocemis arss mravalferovnebas aniWebda da saocrad

moulodneli da uCveulo JReradobis sawindari iyo. saimprovizacio

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

monakveTebs, rogorc wesi, eleqtro-gitara asrulebs, magram zogjer

klaviSiansac ekisreba, rac momgebianad ganasxvavebda am stilis

warmomadgenlebs sxva mimdinareobebis jgufebisgan. aRsaniSnavia, rom

fsiqodeliur rokSi moRvawe momRerlisgan gansakuTrebuli vokaluri

monacemebi ar moiTxoveba, radganac kompoziciebis ganviTareba mdorea

da teqsti sakmaod martiv minamRers eyrdnoba, aq ufro fasobs xmis

tembri (feri), vidre simZlavre. fsiqodeliuri rokis kompoziciebSi

xSiria beq-vokalis gamoyeneba, romelsac iyenebdnen rogorc damatebiT

fers JReradobis gasamdidreblad.

vizualuri aspeqti – Tavad fsiqodelia iZleva udides biZgs vizualisken,

fsiqodeliuri rokis saukeTeso warmomadgenlebis sasceno gamosvlebi

WeSmariti sanaxaobaa. aRsaniSnavia, rom ganaTebis sxvadasxva efeqtebis

gamoyenebis meSveobiT musikosebi kompoziciebis ZiriTadi ideebis

msmenelamde miwodebis umaRles dones aRweven. metwilad isini ganaTebis

ferebiT eqsperimentireben da, SeiZleba iTqvas, scenaze qmnian ferebis

daxvewil simfonias.

amerikam aitaca britanelebis mier SeTavazebuli idea da 1960-ani wlebis

miwuruls-1970-ani wlebis dasawyisSi fsiqodeliuri rokis sakuTar versias

sTavazoben axalgazrdobas. britanelebisgan gansxvavebiT kompoziciebis

xangrZlivoba Semcirda, musikaluri ideebis ganviTareba naklebad mdorea da ufro

energiuli, Tumca eleqtro-klaviSiani sakravebi aqvT gamoyenebuli, upiratesobas

mainc rokis tradiciul Semadgenlobas aniWeben.

warmomdagenlebi:

didi britaneTi – Canned Heat, Velvet Underground, Pink Floyd (fsiqodeliuri rokis fuZemdebeli

da msoflio donis miuwvdomeli mwvervali)

aSS – Big Brothers&The Holding Company, Country Joe&The Fish, Jefferson Airplane, Grateful Dead,

The Doors (amerikuli fsiqodeliuri rokis “klasikosi”)

5. hard-roki (Hard Rock)

fsiqodeliuri rokis Camoyalibeba-ganviTarebis paralelurad, 1960-ani wlebis

meore naxevarSi did britaneTSi Caisaxa da ganviTarda rok-musikis kidev erTi,

aranakleb mniSvnelovani stili, romelsac folk-rokisa da bluz-rokis britanuli

ganStoebebis miRwevebi daedo safuZvlad da romelic sakmaod gansxvavdeboda

fsiqodeliuri rokis stilisturi monapovrebisagan.

rogorc Seefereba rok-musikas, am stilis warmomdagenlebi yvela arsebuli

problemis winaaRmdeg protests gamoxatavdnen, magram maTi protestis saxe

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

gansxvavebuli iyo. ase, magaliTad, Tu ki rok-musikis sxva stilebis Semsruleblebi

faqtiurad faqtebis konstatacias awarmoebdnen, ikavebdnen ra zedamxedvelis

pozicias, am stilis warmomadgenlebi msmenels aqtiuri qmedebisken mouwodebdnen da

sTavazobdnen movlenebSi uSualo monawileobas, raTa realurad SeecvalaT samyaro.

xSirad am stilis mimdevrebs da Tayvanismcemlebs agresiulobaSi adanaSaulebdnen,

sinamdvileSi ki es ara agresiuloba, aramed axalgazrdobis ganuzomeli energiis

Sadrevani Cqefda, Sadrevani, romlis wyaroc uaRresad humanuria. ubralod is

xerxebi, romlebsac am stilis Semsruleblebi iyenebdnen, im periodis saSualo

sazogadoebisTvis autanlad “xmauriani”, gaugebari da amitomac miuRebeli iyo. XXI

saukunis poziciidan yvela is miTqma-moTqma, romelic maSin am stilis irgvliv

TareSobda sasacilod gveCveneba, radganac am stilSi moRvawe musikos-

Semsruleblebi WeSmarit musikas qmnidnen da maT mier Sesrulebuli araerTi

kompozicia dResac ar kargavs aqtualobas. am kompoziciebis mosmeniT araerTi

Taobaa aRzrdili, mravali maTgani dResac hitebad iTvleba da ra aris xelovnebis

nimuSis Sefasebis yvelaze seriozuli kritikosi, Tu ara dro, romlis gamocdac am

kompoziciebma brwyinvaled Caabares.

ra Tqma unda, nebismier wess gamonaklisi gaaCnia. am stilis warmomadgenlebs

Soris, marTalia mcire raodenobiT, magram iseTebic iyvnen, (ZiriTadad aSS-Si),

romlebmac realuri cxovrebis realur problemebs “satanistur” sarCuls udebdnen,

riTac sazogadoebas am stilisadmi kidev ufro uaryofiTad ganawyobdnen.

am stils Tavad misma Semsruleblebma “hard-roki” (anu, mZime roki) uwodes,

rasac ganapirobebda damaxasiaTebeli Tvisebebis mTeli rigi:

musikaluri aspeqti – hard-rokis warmomadgenlebi inarCuneben folk-

rokisTvis damaxasiaTebel e.w. “kupletur” formas (ZiriTadi minamReri –

misamReri). kompoziciebis sakmaod rTuli, didi energetikiT damuxtuli

melodiebi imdenad gamomsaxvelia, rom advilad dasamaxsovrebelia.

harmonia SedarebiT martivia, radganac ZiriTadi aqcenti keTdeba

melodiasa da saimprovizacio monakveTebze, Tumca es improvizaciebi sxva

stilebTan SedarebiT ufro xanmoklea. rac Seexeba hard-rokis

“satanistur” ganStoebas, misi musikaluri mxare uaRresad primitiulia

da kompoziciebi ZiriTadad erTi da imave melodiur-harmoniuli

elementis brunvazea agebuli.

Sinaarsobrivi aspeqti – aRsaniSnavia, rom hard-rokis kompoziciebis

poeturi teqstebi musikis msgavsad energiuli da mZafria, maTSi

gamoxatuli protesti ara pasiuri, aramed moqmedia, leqsebis wyoba

lakonuri da basria. nawarmoebis mTavari idea gadmocemulia mkveTri

ferebiT, yovelgvari naxevartonebis gareSe, teqstis Sinaarsi Seicavs

movlenebis piradpir, aravualirebul miniSnebebs da amitom Zalzed

gamomsaxvelia. “satanisturi” ganStoebis poeturi teqstebi mistikur

Tematikazea agebuli da ZiriTadad msmenelis “SeSinebis” mizans

emsaxureba.

Jreradobis aspeqti – hard-rokis jgufebis Semadgenloba tradiciulia,

xandaxan iyeneben eleqtro-klaviSian da Casaber sakravebs. aRsaniSnavia

dasartyami sakravebis rolis gazrda, radganac rokis e.w. “damZimeba”

ZiriTadad dasartyami sakravebis mkveTri “Four Beat”-is xarjze xdeba.

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

garda amisa, hard-rokSi dasartyami ara mxolod Tanxlebaa, aramed

solo-sakravia (kompoziciebSi xSirad dasartyamze solo-improvizacia

sruldeba). swored am stilis miRwevad iTvleba rok-musikaSi dasartyami

sakravebis mniSvnelobis faqtiurad gaTanabreba eleqtro-gitarasTan,

rogorc wamyvan sakravTan. vokalistis rolic sagrZnoblad gazrdilia,

radganac iTxovs mis aqtiur monawileobas nawarmoebis energetikis

gadmocemaSi, amitomac momRerals ara mxolod teqnika, aramed sakmaod

Zlieri fizikuri momzadeba moeTxoveba. aRsaniSnavia, rom miuxedavad

aSkara “simZimisa”, hard-rokis ganTqmuli vokalistebi faqtiurad ar

iyeneben “xrinwebs”, maTi xmebi ulamazesi tembriT gamoirCeva.

vizualuri aspeqti – faqtiurad SeiZleba iTqvas, rom hard-rokis

warmomadgenlebi naklebad fiqrobdnen sasceno warmodgenebze, radganac

Tavad musikis energetika imdenad Zlieri iyo, rom ar saWiroebda

damatebiTi gamomsaxvelobis xerxebis gamoyenebas. gamonakliss am

SemTxvevaSi “satanisturi” ganStoebis mimdevrebi warmoadgendnen,

radganac musikisa da teqtebis primitiuloba da erTferovneba

ganapirobebda niRbebis, grimis xmarebis, Teatralizebuli warmodgenebis

aucileblobas. amis mizani kvlavac msmenel-mayureblis “SeSineba” iyo.

unda aRiniSnos, rom Tavad hard-rokis warmomadgenlebs Soris iyo erTgvari

stilisturi dayofa – erTis mxriv jgufebi, romlebis Semoqmedebac demokratiul

folks eyrdnoboda, xolo meores mxriv daxvewil britanul bluzze dafuZnebuli

Semoqmedebis mqone jgufebi.

bunebrivia, rom hard-roks arc amerikam auvara gverdi da am mimarTulebas

kidev ufro meti demokratiuloba SesZina.

warmomadgenlebi:

Led Zeppelin (stilis fuZemdebeli; jgufis Semoqmedeba britanul bluzzea dafuZnebuli),

Deep Purple (stilis fuZemdebeli), Grund Funk Railroad, Jimmy Hendrix, Free, Alice Cooper,

Black Sabbath, Queen

6. art-progresiv-roki (Art-Progressive Rock)

XX saukunis 60-70-ani wlebis mijnaze rok-musika kidev erTi seriozuli

mimdinareobiT gamdidrda. am periodSi rokSi mravali profesionali musikosi

moRvaweobda, adamianebi, romlebmac klasikuri musikaluri ganaTleba miiRes da

amitomac kargad icodnen musikis harmonia, nawarmoebis agebis struqturebi da

formebi, gaaCndaT Rrmed ganviTarebuli saSemsruleblo teqnika. faqtiurad swored

am droisTvis rok-musika profesiul liandagze dgeba.

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

dro da dro e.w. “araklasikuri” musikaluri xelovnebis warmomadgenlebi

cdilobdnen daeaxlovebinaT klasikuri musikisa da sxva mimdinareobebis

monapovrebi. ase, magaliTad, 1950-an wlebSi jazmen-musikosebma gadawyvites jazisa da

klasikis gaerTianeba da am mcdelobas “mesame mimdinareoba” (Third Stream) Searqves.

mesame imitom, rom maTi azriT pirveli gaxldaT klasikuri musika, meore – jazi,

xolo maTi sinTezi – mesame mimdinareoba. am eqsperimentis msvlelobisas didi

simfoniuri orkestri jaz-kvartetTan erTad asrulebda sxvadasxva kompoziciebs,

sadac musikalurad iyo Serwymuli rogorc klasikuri musikis, ise jazis elementebi.

klasikisa da rokis SeerTebis mcdeloba rok-musikosebsac hqondaT da amaSi,

bunebrivia, kvlavac britanelebs ekuTvniT pirveloba. jazmenebisgan gansxvavebiT,

rokis warmomadgenlebi axdendnen didi kompozitor-klasikosebis sayovelTaod

cnobili nawarmoebebis citirebas, magram uCveulo, rokis elementebiT gaferadebul

stilSi. aRsaniSnavia, rom am axali stilis Semsrulebebli rok-musikosebi Zalzed

frTxilad epyrobodnen msoflio kulturul memkvidreobas da arc erT bgeras ar

cvlidnen nawarmoebis melodiasa Tu harmoniaSi. vrcel saimprovizacio monakveTebs

ki gansxvavebul masalaze agebdnen, romelic amavdroulad organulad exmaureboda

klasikuri nawarmoebis mTavar ideas.

droTa ganmavlobaSi am stilis mimdevrebi sxvadasxva mizezebis gamo uars

amboben klasikuri musikis magalitebis gamoyenebaze, qmnian sakuTar kompoziciebs,

magram am stlisTvis damaxasiaTebel TiTqmis yvela Tvisebas inarCuneben.

am stils mravali saxelwodebiT amkobdnen, sabolood Camoyalibda is

saxelwodeba, romlitac es stili dResaa cnobili da romelic, albaT, yvelaze

kargad gadmoscems mis sirTules da mravalferovnebas – art-progresiv-roki.

art-progresiv-roki, iyenebs ra sxva stilebis miRwevebs, gamoirCeva sakmaod

gansxvavebuli TvisebebiT:

musikaluri aspeqti – am stilSi klasikuri musikis sauketeso qmnilebebis

gamoyeneba, bunebrivia ganapirobebs rogorc melodiur, ise harmoniul

simdidres da siRtules. sainteresoa aseve kompoziciebis forma da misis

agebis principebi. msgavsad fsiqodeliuri rokis kompoziciebisa, art-

progresiv-rokis nawarmoebebic sakmaod xangrZlivia da rTuli, xSirad

isini ramdenime kontrastul monakveTs Seicaven, romlebic amavdroulad

mTavar ideas gadmocemen. kompoziciis dasawyisi yovelTvis klasikuri

musikis magaliTia, romlis nawilebi SesaZloa saimprovizacio

monakveTebSic iCinon Tavi. xSirad kompoziciis daboloebac klasikuri

magaliTis elementebs Seicavs. yvelaferi es didi ostatobiTaa

aranJirebuli, rac art-progresiv-rokis kompoziciebs daxvewil saxes

aniWebs. momdevno ganviTarebis Sedegad, rodesac musikosebi aRar

iyeneben klasikuri musikis memkvidreobas, melodiisa da harmoniis

sirTule, musikaluri formis Sekruloba da teqnikuri ostatoba

SenarCunebulia. art-progresiv-rokis kompoziciebis Temebis melodiuri

naxati naklebad mReradia, Znelad dasamaxsovrebeli, magram usazRvrod

daxvewili da momxiblavi.

Sinaarsobrivi aspeqti – garegnulad am stilis kompoziciebSi protesti

TiTqos da ar Cans, magram Tu ufro Rrmad gamovikvlevT mis arss,

davinaxavT, rom am SemTxvevaSi protesti mkafio da Riaa. im periodSi,

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

rodesac art-prograsiv-roki yalibdeboda, msoflios musikis

kritikosebi sazogadoebas Tavs axvevdnen azrs, rom pop-musika, jazi,

roki - meorexarisxovani xelovnebaa, xolo masSi moRvawe musikosebi –

bedukuRmarTi uqnarebi. rok-musikosebma es mcdari cneba faqtiurad

daamarcxes, radganac Tavisi xelovnebiT daamtikes, rom ganaTlebuli

rokmeni klasikasac SesaniSnavad flobs, da rokSic mis damuSavebasac

axerxebs, xolo klasikosi-Semsrulebeli mxolod Tavis naWuWSi

Caketilia. droTa gamnavlobaSi, rodesac rok-musikam saTanado adgili

daimkvidra msoflio musikalur kulturaSi, es protesti, bunebrivia,

TavisTavad “ganelda”.

JReradobis aspeqti – Camoyalibebis sawyis etapze art-progresiv-rokis

jgufSi wina planze eleqtro-klaviSiani sakravi gamodis. es bunebrivicaa,

radganac klasikuri qmnilebebis umravlesoba an Seqmnilia, an

gadamuSavebulia fortepianosaTvis. garda amisa, im periodisaTvis

arsebuli sxvadasxvagvari efeqtebis gamoyenebiT, ramdenime sakravze

erTdrouli dakvriT Semsrulebeli did StabeWdilebas axdenda

msmenelze. bas-gitara da dasartyami sakravebi kompoziciis saerTo

musikaluri faqturis ukiduresad aqtiuri monawileni arian.

aRsaniSnavia, rom am stilis kompoziciebSi vokaluri partia faqtiurad

damxmare elementia, radganac musika Sinaarsobrivad sakravieria da

teqnikurad Zalzed datvirTuli, xolo vokali CarTulia saimprovizacio

procesebSi. mogvianebiT jgufebis Semadgenloba tradiciul miuaxlovda,

wina planze kvlavac eleqtro-gitara wamoiwia, ZiriTadi aqcenti ki

tembraluri efeqtebis gamoyenebazea gakeTebuli.

vizualuri aspeqti – msgavsad fsiqodeliuri rokisa, art-progresiv-

rokis warmomadgenlebi aqtiruad iyeneben ganaTebis mravalferovan

efeqtebs da, garda amisa, sakmaod eqscentriulad iqcevian scenaze,

seriozuli klasikosebis seriozuli qcevis sawinaaRmdegoT.

art-progresiv-roki amerikaSic gavrcelda, mravali metamorfoza ganicada,

magram dResac rCeba elitarul stilad, rok-musikis erT-erT saocrebad.

warmomadgenlebi:

Emmerson, Lake&Palmer (stilis fuZemdebeli); King Crimson, Jethro Tull, Yes, Genesis

7. weriTi da vizualuri testi

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

8. pank-roki (Punk Rock)

XX saukunis 70-ani wlebis meore naxevarSi sazogadoebaSi ukve sxva tipis

problemebi Cndeba, gansakuTrebiT es exeba didi britaneTis saxelmwifoebriv

konservatiul azrovnebas. sazogadoebis gayofa fenebad, fenebs Soris uxilavi

konfliqti, adamianebis ufro maRal fenebSi moxvedrisken swrafva, “mamebisa da

Svilebis” mudmivi konfliqti, mSoblebis samsaxurebSi dakavebuloba da mozardebis

simartove – yvelafri es iwvevda axalgazrdobis “amboxs”, radganac axalgazrda

pirovneba, gansakutrebiT Camoyalibebis procesSi myofi mozardi, zrdasrulebisgan

gansakutrebul yuradRebas iTxovs. aSS-Sic msgavs problemebs hqonda adgili, magram

amerikeli xalxis yvelaze didi tragedia – rac SeiZleba meti fulis Sovnis

gasaocari survili iyo da aris dResac, radganac amerikis sazogadoeba yvelafers

sazRvravs fulis raodenobiT da ara sulieri da pirovnuli kriteriumebiT.

aRniSnul periodSi rok-musikis ganviTarebaSi ukve arsebul momdinareobebTan

paralelurad Cndeba da viTardeba axali stili, romelic mozardebis protests

sazogadoebrivi gulgrilobis winaaRmdeg asaxavs da didi TavaSvebulobiT

gamoirCeoda. sagulisxmoa rok-musikis am stilis saxelwodebac “pank-roki”, romelic

inglisuri “slengis” mixedviT “cudi biWebis” Semoqmedebas gansazRvravda (punk - ingl.

slengiT cudi yofaqcevis, Tavze xelaRebuli biWi). pank-rokis mimdevarTa asakic

saTanadoa, mozardebi kvlav cdiloben ufrosi Taobis yuradRebis mipyrobas, amJamad

rok-musikis meSveobiT.

miuxedavad aSkara primitiulobisa, am stilma sakmaod farTe aRiareba hpova

msoflioSi da droTa ganmavlobaSi sxvadasxva modificireba ganicada:

musikaluri aspeqti – melodia uaRresad primitiuli, naklebad

gamomsaxveli, faqtiurad ramdenime bgeraze agebuli minamReris mudmivi

gameoreba. pank-rokis kompoziciebi ZiriTadad moklebulia harmoniul

brunvebs, radganac igi akordebis minimalur raodenobazea agebuli.

SeiZleba iTqvas, rom pank-rokis SemTxvevaSi, musika damxmare elementia,

gamomsaxvelobis sxva xerxebTan SedarebiT. stilis momdevno

ganviTarebis Sedegad, rodesac pank-rokis kompoziciebis tempi Senelda,

melodiuri mxare met-naklebad gamdidrda, igi ufro mreradi, liriul-

sasowarkveTili gaxda, xolo harmonia mainc Raribia.

Sinaarsobrivi aspeqti – pank-rokis kompoziciebis umravlesoba teqstis

reCitatiuli gadmocemaa, leqsis musikaluri gaformebaa.

JReradobis aspeqti – am stilSi moRvawe jgufebis Semadgenloba

tradiciulia – 2 eleqtro-gitara, bas-gitara da dasartyami sakravebi,

sadac eleqtro-gitaras wamyvani roli ekisreba. Tavad musikis

xasiaTidan gamomdinare, pank-rokmenebi met yuradRebas JReradobis

simZlavres aqceven, vidre Sesrulebis teqnikas. droTa ganmavlobaSi

Tanxlebis JReradoba ufro ixveweba, Tavs iCens sxvadasxva efeqtis

gamoyeneba, aseve klaviSiani sakravebi emateba ZiriTad Semadgenlobas,

xolo gitaris frazireba ufro sazriani xdeba. vokalistis sasimRero

manera, gansakutrebiT ganvitarebis sawyis etapze, ar jdeba aranair

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

CarCoebSi, radganac arc tembriT da arc vokaluri teqnikiT ar

gamoirCeva. vokali pank-rokSi – quCis sasaubro maneraa. momdevno

ganvitarebis procesSi vokali ufro “mowesrigebuli” xdeba, masSi metia

sasimrero elementi, vidre quCis saubari.

vizualuri aspeqti – aRmocenebisTanave pank-rokis Semsruleblebi

yuradRebas ipyroben eqstravagantuli, xSirad gamomwvevi sasceno

saqcieliT. maTi Cacmulobac, Tmis Seferilobac da varcxnilobac

(sxvadasxva moulodneli ferebis Tma, xandaxan mravalferovani Tma, e.w.

“irokezebi”-s varcxniloba pankebis mieraa SemoRebuli da a.S.), qcevis da

simreris manerac – sazogadoebisTvis gamaRizianebelia, da amitomac

yuradRebis centrSi mosaqcevia, rac faqtiurad pank-rokerebis mizans

warmoadgens. gaakeTe is, rac sazogadoebisTvis miuRebelia, moiqeci ise,

rogorc saSualo moqalaqe ar iqceva, nebismieri xerxiT daimsaxure

farTe masebis yuradReba – es pankebis kredoa. droTa ganmavlobaSi,

rodesac am stilis ZiriTadi mamoZravebeli protesti met-naklebad

ganelda, rodesac video-xelovneba ganviTarda, pank-rokis

eqstravagantuloba video-klipebis sferoSi gadainacvla. Tu ki

gaviTvaliswinebT, rom musikis TvalsazrisiTac stilma sagrZnobi

cvlileba ganicada ukeTesobisken, vizualuri mxare Zalzed maRal doneze

avida, radganac zogierTi video-klipi art-video xelovnebis WeSmariti

Sedevria.

warmomadgenlebi:

The Sex Pistols; The Ramones; The Big Balls&The Great White Idiots; The Clash; Patti Smith; Nirvana;

The Radiohead

9. post-progresiv (alternariuli) roki. prog-roki

(Post-Progressive (Alternative) Rock; Prog- Rock)

1970-ani wlebis miwuruls da 1980-ani wlebis pirvel naxevarSi rok-musikis

ganviTarebis istoriaSi kidev erTi mimdinareoba Seemata. igi im periodisaTvis ukve

arsebuli progresiv-rokis gonivruli da logikuri gagrZelebaa da amitom mas post-

progresiv rokis saxeli daerqva (xandaxan am mimdinareobas alternatiul roksac

uwodeben, raTa xazi gausvan mis arastandartul saxes).

imisaTvis, rom gavigoT post-progresiv rokis araordinaluroba, saWiroa

yuradReba gavamaxviloT musikaluri xelovnebis iseT mniSnelovan elementze,

rogoricaa nawarnoebis aranJireba. musikaluri nawarmoebis aranJireba faqtiurad

gansazRvravs kompoziciis mTavari ideis gadmocemis efeqturobas da musikis

msmenelze zemoqmedebis simZlavres, vinaidan aranJirebis arsi mdgomareobs

sakravieri ansmablis Semadgenlobis, nawarmoebis formis, solirebuli sakravebis

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

dadgenaSi, nawarmoebis Sesavlis da daboloebis gadawyvetaSi, da, rac mTavaria,

swored aranJirebis avtori sazRvravs Tu romeli sakravi ras daukravs, vokalisti

ras imRerebs da a.S. aranJireba SeiZleba reJisuras SevadaroT, im TvalsazrisiT,

rom aranJirebis meSveobiT musikaSi yvelaferi “dadgmulia”, anu kompozicia Sedgeba

winaswar gamowerili musikaluri partiebisagan, sadac TiToeuli bgera, tembri Tu

efeqti winaswar gaTvlilia. post-progresiv rokis kompoziciebi saocari

SekrulobiT da araordinalurobiT gamoirCevian aranJirebis maRali donis xarjze.

aranJirebis, anu musikaluri “speqtaklis” erT-erTi mniSvnelovani elementia e.w.

rifi – garkveuli musikaluri brunva, romelic garkveuli periodulobiT meordeba

da aqtiurad monawileobs kompoziciis faqturis SeqmnaSi. musikaSi arsebobs rifis

ramdenime saxe: melodiuri rifi (garkveuli musikaluri frazis gameoreba),

harmoniuli rifi (akordebis garkveuli brunvis gameoreba) da ritmuli rifi

(garkveuli ritmuli naxatis gameoreba). post-progresiv rokis kompoziciebis

aranJirebaSi rifebi yvela aRniSnuli saxe aqtiurad gamoiyeneba.

sainteresoa, rom post-progresiv rokis warmomadgenlebi uars amboben

improvizaciaze, rogorc kompoziciis Semadgenel nawilze da faqtiurad gadadian pop-

musikisTvis damaxasiaTebeli sasimRero formis gamoyenebaze.

musikaluri aspeqti – msgavsad gviani progresiv rokisa post-progresiv

rokis melodika uCveulo da mravalferovania, sakmaod rTulia

aRsaqmelad da dasamaxsovreblad, Tumca amis kompensireba xdeba

kupleturi formis xarjze, rac am kompoziciebs met demokratiurlobas

aniWebs. rac Seexeba harmonias, miuxedavad imisa, rom brunvebSi monawile

akordebis raodenoba arc Tu ise didida, samagierod Tavad akordebi

arastandartuli agebulebisaa, rac harmonias originalobas aniWebs.

Sinaarsobrivi aspeqti – Sinaarsobrivi speqtri post-progresiv rokis

qmnilebebSi sakmaod farTea, magram poetur teqtebs ar axasiaTebs

rokisTvis Cveuli agresiuli energetika. poziciis gamoxatva xdeba ufro

rbilad da vualirebulad da protests faqtiurad ar asaxavs, rac XX

saukunis 80-ani wlebis saerTo tendencias warmoadgens.

JReradobis aspeqti – ansmablSi Semavali sakravebis mravalferovnebidan

gamomdinare post-progresiv rokis kompoziciebi Jreradobis udidesi

mravalferovnebiT gamoirCevian. aRsaniSnavia, rom rokis tradiciul

sakravebTan erTad post-progresiv rokis Semsruleblebi uamrav saxva

sakravsac iyeneben (klaviSianebis nakrebidan Casaberi, xalxuri da

uCveulo eleqtronuli sakravebis CaTvliT). vokali tembralurad rbili

da daxvewilia, momRerlisTvis sakmaod didi teqnikuri momzadebaa

saWiro, radganac melodiurad maTi partia urTulesia. xSirad iyeneben

beq-vokals, xandaxan mravalxmiani faqturiT.

vizualuri aspeqti – gansakutrebul vizualur efeqtebs post-progresiv

rokis warmomadgenlebi ar iyeneben, radganac kompoziciebi musikalurad

sakmaod gadatvirTulia. video-klipebSi prevalirebs “art”-mimarTuleba.

1990-ani wlebis miwuruls 2000-an wlebSi post-progresiv rokma modificireba

ganicada da organulad gadaizarda e.w. prog-rokSi (xSirad msmenels es ori

mimdinareoba ereva erTmaneTSi da “post-progresivs” uwodebs “progs”; es Secdomaa,

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

miuxedavad aSkara monaTesave Tvisebebisa, prog-roki mainc gansxvavdeba misi winamorbedi

mimdinareobisgan Tvisebebis mTeli rigiT).

aRsaniSnavia, rom es periodi sayovelTao “kompiuterizaciis” niSniTaa

cnobili. virtualurma samyarom nel-nela daimona kacobrioba – virtualuri

urTierTobebi, virtualuri siyvaruli, virtualuri wignebi, virtualuri buneba,

virtualuri omebi, qalaqebi da saboloo jamSi – virtualuri suliereba. aseTi

garemocvis Tavze Semoxveva azianebs adamianis fsiqikas, angrevs mis sulier samyaros,

arTmevs mas Tanamedroveobis aRqmis, arCevanis Tavisuflebis, grZnobebis gamoxatvis

kuTvnil uflebas, rac adre Tu gvian Sinagan protests iwvevs. swored am protests

gamoTqvamen prog-rokis warmomadgenlebi da adamianebs gare samyaroSi

dabrunebisken mouwodeben da am ideis gamosaxatavad iyeneben yvela winamorbedi

mimdinareobis miRwevebs.

warmomadgenlebi:

post-progresiv roki – The Smiths; Marillion; The Cure; Level 42

prog-roki – The Magenta; The Tangent; The Porcupine Tree

10. hard end hevi roki; hevi metal roki

(Hard & Heavy Rock; Heavy Metall Rock)

es orive mimdinareoba 1980-ani wlebis miwuruls - 1990-an wlebis dasawyisSi

hard-rokis saukeTeso tradiciebze aRmocenda, Tumca maT Soris garkveuli sxvaoba

arsebobs. saerTo tendencia, romelic orive mimdinareobas aerTianebs – sxvadasxva

eleqtronuli efeqtebis xarjze saerTo JReradobis kidev ufro damZimeba da saundis

simZlavris gazrdaa, rac Tavad am mimdinareobebis saxelwodebebSicaa asaxuli:

musikaluri aspeqti – hard-rokisTvis damaxasiaTebeli gamokveTili

melodika, rTuli, magram mainc uaRresad demokratiuli, skamod martivi,

magram gamomsaxveli harmonia orive mimarTulebisTvisaa

damaxasiaTebeli. gansxvaveba maT Soris imaSia, rom hard end hevi rokis

kompoziciebis wyaro – britanuli bluzia, miTumetes, rom am stilSi

xSirad vxvdebiT jgufis “Led Zeppelin” saukeTeso tradiciebis dacviT

Sesrulebul rok-baladebs, xolo hevi metalis – garkveul wilad folki,

romelmac dakarga Cveuli mReradoba da nawilobriv primitivizmSi

gadaizarda. aRsanisnavia, rom orive stils axasiaTebs kompoziciebis

kupleturi formiT ageba da eleqtro-gitaris saimprovizacio solo-

monakveTebis xazgasma.

Sinaarsobrivi aspeqti - ZiriTadad yvela kompoziciebi agebulia poetur

teqstebze, romlebis Tematika adamianebs Soris urTierTobisa da maTi

grZnobebis mravalferovan speqtrs Seicavs, Tumca Tavs iCens mistikuri

teqstebic, gansakuTrebiT e.w. “satanisturi” ganStoebis mimdevrebTan.

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

JReradobis aspeqti – jgufebis Semadgenloba tradiciulia, saerTo

JReradoba gaZlierebuli da damZimebulia dasartyami sakravebis

danadgarebis gamdidrebis da eleqtro-sakravebis efeqtebis uzarmazari

raodenobis xarjze. vokalistisgan, iseve rogorc hard-rokSi, didi

gamZleoba, teqnika da Zlieri monacemebi moeTxoveba.

vizualuri aspeqti – jgufebis koncertebi, hard-rokis warmodgenbTan

SedarebiT, saukeTeso ganaTebiTaa gaformebuli, rac musikis aRqmas

exmareba. garda amisa, video-xelovnebis ganvitarebis xarjze klipebis

Sinaarsobrivi da vizualuri xarisxi metad gazrdilia.

rogorc analizidan Cans, musikalur-Sinaarsobrivi TvalsazrisiT rok-musikis

am stilebs axali araferi SemouTavazebia. ZiriTadi aqcenti JReradobis

mravalferovnebisa da gaZlierebaze da vizualuri gaformebis originalobaze

keTdeba.

warmomadgenlebi:

hard end hevi roki – The Kiss, The Rainbow, Ozzy Osborne, The Whitesnake, Van Hallen,

Aerosmith, Def Leppard, Scorpions

hevi metal roki – Samson, Saxon, Venom, Diamond Head, Angel Witch, Accept, Judas Priest,

Motley Crue, Iron Maden, Motorhead, Metallica, Guns‟N‟Roses

11. axali talRis roki

(New Wave Rock)

1980-an wlebSi msoflio musikaluri kulturis erT-erTi mZlavri

momdinareobis – pop-musikis – sxva mimdinareobebze Zlieri zegavlena igrZnoba.

faqtiurad im periodSi iwyeba pop-musikis, jazis da rokis urTierT asimilaciis da

gamdidrebis procesi, rac gardauvali iyo, radganac es samive mimdinareoba ufro da

ufro uaxlovdeboda erTmaneTs.

1980-ani wlebis miwuruls sxvadasxva rok-musikosebma, pop-musikis da jazis

miRwevebis gamoyenebiT, Seqmnes rok-musikis axali mimarTuleba, romelsac axali

talRis roki (New Wave Rock) uwodes. es mimarTuleba marTlac rom axali,

rokisTvis sakmaod uCveulo iyo, radganac yovelgvar protests moklebulia da

garkveul wilad lirizmiTaa ganmsWvaluli. garda amisa, axali talRis rokis

kompoziciebs motoruli (mdgradi, gameorebadi) ritmuli Tanxleba aqvs, rac mas pop-

musikis sacekvao xasiaTis simrerebTan aaxlovebs. mTlianobaSi SeiZleba iTqvas, rom

axali talRis roki aRmocenda post-progresiv rokis, pop-musikis da jazis

miRwevebis safuZvelze.

musikaluri aspeqti – melodia sakmaod rTuli, Tumca kompoziciebis

ageba kupleturi formiT xdeba. harmonia SedarebiT martivi, magram,

msgavsad post-progresiv rokisa, uCveulo akordebisgan Sedgeba.

aRsaniSnavia, rom axali talRis rokis kompoziciebis nawili aigeba

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

romelime melodiuri minamReris gameorebaze sxvadasxva harmoniuli

sxvlebis fonze, riTac mravalferovnebis efeqts aRweven. sxvagvarad rom

vTqvaT, kompoziciebSi farTod gamoiyeneba sxvadasxvagvari rifebi.

Sinaarsobrivi aspeqti – kompoziciebis Tematika ZiriTadad adamianis

grZnobebTanaa dakavSirebuli, magram moqmedeba mdored viTardeba da

protests ar Seicavs.

JReradobis aspeqti – JreradobaSic axali talRis rokis kompoziciebi

msgavsia post-progresiv rokis, sadac aranJirebas da sakravebis

tembralur Serwymas eTmoba udidesi adgili. pop-musikidan SemoRebulia

TanxlebaSi simebiani sakravebis gamoyeneba. vokali sakmaod rbili,

teqnikurad Zlieri, iSviaTad rokisTvis damaxasiaTebeli “xrinwebiT”.

vizualuri aspeqti – vizualuri mxare aranaklebad mniSvnelovania am

stilis SemsruleblebisTvis. sasceno warmodgenebi formdeba ganaTebis

yvelanairi efeqtebiT. rac Seexeba video-klipebs, aq sruli stilisturi

Tavisuflebaa, magram ufro xSirad aqcenti musikis rifebis da ZiriTadi

faqturis vizualur-kadrobriv xasgasmazea gakeTebuli.

sainteresoa, rom axali talRis rokis Camoyalibebamde rok-musika mamakcabis

prerogativas warmoadgenda, mxolod prog-rokis mimdevar Tanamedrove jgufebSi

Cndebian vokalisti qalbatonebi. axali talRis rokSi qalbatonebi ufro Tamamad

ikaveben vokalist-lideris poziciebs, rac uTuod pop-musikis zegavlenad gvevlineba.

rokSi axali talRa SemoiWra, romelic miuxedavad sxvadasxva mimdinareobebis

zegavlenisa, mainc rokad rCeba, ris safuZvelsac mdgradi “Four Beat”-i da

kompoziciebis Sinaarsobriv-musikaluri siRrme iZleva.

warmomadgenlebi:

Talk Talk; Ultravox; The Pretenders; Blondie; The Police; Duran Duran; Eurythmics; Simple Minds; U2

12. TreS metal roki; hevi hip-hop roki

(Trash Metal Rock; Heavy Hip-Hop Rock )

TreS metal roki faqtiurad hevi metal rokis mimdinareobis ufro

Tanamedrove gagrZelebaa, gansxvaveba am stilebs Soris kidev ufro meti

primitivizmisken gadsvlaSi mdgomareobs. faqtiurad Sefasebis yvela is aspeqti,

romliTac hevi metal roki ganvixileT esadageba TreS metal roks, Tu ki yvelafers,

garda vizualuri efeqtebisa da dasartyami danadgaris kidev ufro metad damZimebisa,

met simartives da primitiulobas davumatebT.

rogorc ukve aRiniSna, 1990-ani wlebidan iwyeba (da dResac grZeldeba) musikis

sxvadasxva mimdinareobebis erTgvari asimilacia. aqedan gamomdinare gasakviri araa

hard end hevi rokis da hip-hop subkulturebis gaerTianeba, ramac rok-musikis

sakmaod originaluri stilis warmoSoba ganapiroba – hevi hip-hop roki. hip-

hoperebis Sesrulebis uCveulo manera, aJRerebuli hard end hevi rokis Tanxlebis

fonze didi gamomsaxvelobiT gamoirCeva da am stilma Zalian male sakuTari adgili

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

daimkvidra rogorc rok-musikis, ise msoflio gasarTobi xelovnebis ganviTarebis

istoriaSi. aRsaniSnavia, rom hevi hip-hop stils gaaCnia rogorc hard end hevis, ise

hip-hopis yvela damaxasiaTebeli musikalur-vizualuri atributika.

warmomadgenlebi:

TreS metal roki – Overkill; Slayer; AC/DC; Megadeth

hevi hip-hop roki – Limp Bizkits; Rage Against The Machine (RATM); Corn

13. alternatiuli hevi roki; post-pank roki

(Alternative Heavy Rock; Post-Punk Rock )

2000-an wlebSi musikis stilebs Soris sazRvrebi imdenad irRveva, rom dRes e.w.

gasarTob musikalur mimdinareobebs metwilad “msoflio musikas” (World Music)

uwodeben. sxvadasxvagvari musikaluri kiloebis gamoyeneba kompoziciebis Seqmnisas,

gansakuTrebiT saimprovizacio monakveTebSi - erT-erTi mniSvnelovani elementia,

romliTac jazma da msoflios folklorma musikis sxva mimdinareobebi gaamdidra.

aseTi saxis musikas xSirad modalurs uwodeben (inglisurad kilo - Mode, xolo

kiloebrivi musika – Modal music).

rok-musikosebi aqamde ZiriTadad tradiciul maJor-minoris kiloebriv

sistemaSi qmnidnen kompoziciebs, xandaxan amdidrebdnen musikalur faqturas bluzis

kilos gamoyenebiT. xolo 2000-ani wlebidan modaluri musikis elementebi Tavs

iCenen rokSic, gansakuTrebul da Zalzed TviTmyofad stilSi, romelsac

alternatiuli hevi roki (Alternative Heavy Rock) ewodeba. rogorc saxelwodebidan

Cans, am stils safuZvlad hard end hevi roki udevs, yvela misi miRwevebis

gamoyenebiT, magram modaluri elementebiT gaferadebuli. garda amisa, alternatiul

hevi rokSi vokalistis rolia gazrdili imdenad, rom xSir SemTxvevaSi mas

improvizaciis Sesrulebac ki ekisreba.

post-pank roki yvela im tradicias agrZelebs, romelic Camoyalibda pank-

rokis stilSi, magram Tanamedrove stilebis asimilaciis Sedegad odnav scdeba

adrindel primitivizms. post-pank roki asakobrivad kvlavac sxva danarCen stilebTan

SedarebiT “mozardia”, kvlavac gamaRizianeblad xmauriani da gamomwvevia, kvlavac

axalgazrda pirovneba Taviseburad iTxovs ufrosi Taobis yuradRebas. magram XXI

saukunis pirvel aTwleulSi am protests, am “miuRebel” saqciels, am moTxovnebs

musikaluri TvalsazrisiT Cveuli simZafre moaklda, kompoziciebis tempic SedarebiT

Senelda.

warmomadgenlebi:

alternatiuli hevi roki – Stone Temple Pilots; Pearl Jam; Faith No More; Living Colour

post-pank roki – The Hives; Editors; Interpol; UK Subs

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i.ebraliZe, “rok-musikis stilebis istoriuli mimoxilva”

14. Tanamedrove roki

(Contemporary Rock)

rok-musikis zemoTxsenebuli stilebidan dRes SedarebiT gamokveTilad

inarCunebs ZiriTad Tvisebebs hevi metal roki. am stilSi mravalma axalma jgufma

iCina Tavi, romlebmac am stilisTvis damaxasiaTebeli yvela gamomsaxveli Tviseba

SeinarCuna da, garda amisa, gaamdidra igi modaluri musikis elementebiT.

aseve agrZelebs arsebobas pank-rokis da post-pank rokis gamgrZelebeli

stili, romelic Tanamedrove pop-musikis erT-erTi mimdinareoba, kerZod ki e.w.

densi (Dance music) SeiTvisa da Cveuli melodiur-harmoniuli primitivizmi repis

miRwevebiT gaamdidra. am stils amJamad dens-pank roki (Dance-Punk Rock) ewodeba.

aseve aRsaniSnavia rokis wminda Tanamedrove gamovlineba – e.w. eleqtronuli

roki (Electronic Rock), romelsac safuZvlad post-progresiv roki daedo, magram

kompiuteruli efeqtebiT gamdidrebulia stilis rogorc musikaluri, ise vizualuri

mxare.

saerTod SeiZleba iTqvas, rom dRes rok-musikis sferoSi sruli Tavisufleba

sufevs, yvela arsebuli stilis mimdevari jgufebi moRvaweoben, zogi msoflio

SemoqmedebiT standartebs akmayofilebs, zogi maTganis Sesrulebis done am

standartebs ver akmayofilebs. msmenelma TviTon unda gaakeTos arCevani Tu ras

mousminos, miTumetes, rom dRes stilebisa Tu Semsruleblebis arCevani Zalzed

mravalferovania.

warmomadgenlebi:

Tanamedrove hevi metal roki – Suicidal Tendencies; Dirty Rotten Imbeciles (D.R.I); Shadows

Fall; The Darkness; Manowar; Stormtroopers Of Death (S.O.D)

dens-pank roki – The Liars; The Rapture; Radio 4; The Killers

eleqtoronuli roki – The Prodigy; Pendulum; Ratatat; Nine Inch Nails

15. saboloo gamocdisTvis mzadeba

iliaunis biblioTekaSi devs TqvenTvis saintereso wigni, romliTac SegiZliaT

isargebloT nebismieri informaciis mosapoveblad da referatebis weris dros:

Paul du Noyer, “The Billboard Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music: From Rock, Pop, Jazz, Blues and Hip-

Hop to Classical, Country, Folk, World and More”