Sahastranetra A Bestseller On Vishnusahasranam Dr. Shriniwas Kashalikar

Download Sahastranetra A Bestseller On Vishnusahasranam Dr. Shriniwas Kashalikar

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1. ghZ{ && 1 && 2. ghZ{ VVr` Amdmr : OmZ{dmar, 2004 S>m. lroZdmg OZmXZ H$emirH$a 101, E/24, h[r hbr, oQ>Hw$oOZrdmS>r am{S>, R>mU{ ([o_)- 4000610 _m{]mBb : 9869326089 $m{Z : 25898934 H$meH$ : gm. a{Im gwhmg h{{ 2/3, odO` EZb{h, dmK]ri ZmH$m,, Km{S>]Xa am{S>, R>mU{ ([)- 400607. $m{Z : 25971834 _m{]mBb : 9820898870 RLIVING & H PE OL SU R IS FO TI C L SOCI ETY H EALTH ADV NA ISSHHA IO AN AT CE N ME ER NT I NT ghZ{ && 2 && 3. lr b_rZmam`UmZ{ H$adyZ K{Vb{br hr g{dm, `m`m gJwU _yVu, OZVmOZmXZ AmoU _mP{ [y` AmB-doS>b d. [. [. Vr. OZmXZ Zmam`U H$emirH$a AmoU Vr. gm. p_Ur OZmXZ H$emirH$a `m`m MaUr AmXa d H$Vk {_^md[ydH$ A[U Agm{. - lroZdmg ghZ{ && 3 && 4. X J V _m`da dmMH$ Z{hr, gmXa Um_. ghZ{ CKS>`m]b _Z[ydH$ Y`dmX AmoU Adbm{H$Z gm{h`mV Am[b{ g{_ ghf dmJV. Vwhmbm `m gm{h`mV _yi gH$V odUwghZm_ Vm{, `mVrb odUy`m EH$ hOma _amR>r ZmdmM{ _amR>r AW AmoU `m AWm_YyZ _bm OmUdb{bm Ame` AZw^dm`bm o_i{b. hm Ame` dV`mM AV`m_r w$abm Amh{ Ag{ Oa Vw_`mVrb `{H$mbm dmQ>b{ `mV H$mhrhr dmdJ{ Zmhr. 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[ohb CXmhaU drO{`m ]]M K{D$. ]] drO{_wi{ "[{Q>Vm{' Vg{M gOrd AmoU oZOud oMaVZ g`m_wi{ oH$`merb hm{VmV. `m g`mbmM, [wfmH$Vr, oede$s, b_rZmam`U, amYmH$U dJa{ m`m $[mV dUZ H$aVmV. $$ drO{`m ]]bm `mM{ _yid$[ drO Amh{ h{ H$iV Zmhr. `m_wi{ drO{`m ]]bm drO_` ApVdmZ{ A_a, d dV hm{Vm `{V Zmhr d BVa ]]m`m _yid$[mer EH$Ord AgUm`m drOVdmer g_ag hm{Vm `{V Zmhr. `m CbQ> _mUgmbm _m dV`m AV`m_r d odmV`m_r AIS>V{Z{ Agb{`m oMaVZ [a_Vdm_wi{ odmVrb MamMambm oH$`merb ApVd Amh{ h{ H$iV{. Vg{M `m [a_Vdmer hm{Um`m g_agV{`m OmUrd{V A_`mX, A_a d dV hm{Vm `{V{. odmV]m `m[Um`m oMVd$[mZ{ odemb hm{Vm `{V{. AWmV ]] AmoU drO{Mm g`m{J oVg`m KQ>H$m_wi{ hm{Vm{. Va _mZd AmoU g` `mM{ _rbZ, `m_wi{ _mZdmbm OmUdUmar g`mMr oMVr AmoU oVMm ghZ{ && 4 && 5. AodH$ma doH$ g`m`m gm{Z{M KSy>Z `{V AgVmV. Vg{M AmUIr EH$ _hdmMr ]m] hUO{ ]] w$Q>bm Var drO Oer Z> hm{V Zmhr. `mM_mU{ _Zw` X{h Z> Pmbm Va _Zw` dV`m _yi d$[mV A_a amhVm{. dVM{ h{ odemb A_a $[ odgaU{ AmoU dVbm H{$di X{h, g_OwVr, ^mdZm, lm, H$[Zm, odMma, gH{$V g_OU{ hUO{ dV`m Za Aembm g[yU (d emV) g_OU{. Aem m Im{bda $Ob{`m g_OwVrbm X{h]wr hUVmV. AmUIr [> H$am`M Va Ag hUVm `{Bb earam`m ZI, XmV dJa{ EH$m N>m{Q>mem ^mJmbm g[yU eara g_OU{ hr Oer J$bV Amh{. EH$ _yb^yV ^_ Amh{, O]a AYodmg Amh{. X{h]wr_wi{M Am[U Am[b g_W d odemb d$[ odg$Z jwdmMm AodH$ma H$arV OJVm{. H$Yr dVM V`ma H{$b{`m X{dH$[Z{M{, odMmamM{, dm dV`m dmgZm, ^mdZm dm jw dmWmM{ Jwbm_ ]ZVm{ Va H$Yr BVamZm Jwbm_ ]ZdVm{. H$Yr dVbm Va H$Yr H$Yr BVamZm `mVZm X{Vm{. AJVrH$Vm d qh[Um `mMm AKm{ar hXm{g _J Am_`m d`o$H$, H$mQw>o]H$, ejoUH$, amOH$s` dJa{ OrdZm`m gd j{mV AmH$mi-odH$mi $[ YmaU H$aVm{ d gmar _mZdVm ]{oMamI H$aUm`m odZme[dmM{ ^`mZH$ d oH$igdmU{ bm{U gd d gVV [g$ bmJV{. [U m ^`H$a [napWVrVyZ g`m`m oMVr`m H$`mUH$mar AodH$mamMr oH$`m EImm Cf{_mU{ ]hV{H$m`m ZH$iV H$er CX`mbm `{V{ AmoU `WmdH$me oVMr [naUVr od`m[r _hmgy`m}X`mV H$er hm{V{ V{ Wm{S>`mV [mh. ghZ{mVyZ `{Umar g`mMr oMVr oH$Vrhr H$_r AoYH$ Agbr Var OrdZmMr OmU dmT>dUmar d dgm_`mMr Imr [Q>dUmar Ag`m_wi{ oVMm Om{ _hdmMm ` [naUm_ hm{Bb Vm{ hUO{ oZ^`Vm `{U{. H$m`e$s, kmZe$s d BN>me$tMm CJ_ Aer hr gOrdZr Amh{. gm_m` `mdhmnaH$ oOdV[UmMm AZw^d O{dT>m Agb d Iam AgVm{. `m`m oH$`{H$ [Q>rZ `m gOrdZrMm Iam AZw^d Ag`m_wi{ qMVm, ]{MZr, Aghm`Vm, d$`, AdWVm, H$miOr, ^rVr qH$dm mZm XS>d`mgmR>r AmUb{b{ CgZ{ Y`, _J$ar, AmT>Vm `m`m _Jao_R>rVyZ gwQ>H$m hm{D$Z H$m{U`mhr d`o$H$ dm gm_moOH$ gH$Q>mV Z S>J_JVm `mMm _wH$m]bm H$a`mM{ gm_`, Y` d Am_odmg `{Bb. Y` d Am_odmgm_wi{ AmoU odH$V dmtM{ XS>[U Xya Pm`m_wi{ AmOy]mOybm, KarXmar, emim H$mbOmV, H$maIm`mV , H$m`mb`mV, e{VrdmS>r ]mJm`VrV, gem{YZ gWmV VUmd_w$ { dmVmdaU V`ma hm{Bb. `m_wi{ _wb{ AmoU H$oZ> bm{H$ [a[amer AmoU doS>bYm`mer d dna>mer AoYH$ _m{H$i{ ]ZVrb `mM_mU{ BVamda Adb]yZ AgUma{ dhr gwaojVVm AZw^dy bmJVrb. Ka, emim, H$mb{O{, H$maImZ{, Umb`{, e{Vr dJa{ gd j{mV g_OyVXma d oZ^` gdmXmM g dmVmdaU V`ma hm{Bb. _mmVVy`m VwQ>`mZ oZH$m_r Pmb{b{ Ad`d _mmVVy Om{S>`mZ [whm gM{VZ AmoU H$m`aV hmd{V, `m_mU{ oZ^` gdmXm`m gOrdZr_wi{ gdM j{mV ZdOrdZ gMma{b. ghZ{ && 5 && 6. dna>m`m, A`m[H$m`m, doS>bYm`m`m, _mbH$m`m, [wT>m`m`m, ^rVr[m`r odH$V AmoU dna> oZH$m_r Pmb{`m H$mQ>w o]H$, ejoUH$, H$m`mb`rZ, Amm{oJH$, amOH$s`, Ymo_H$ Aem gd j{mV g`m Mmbb{br gXgXodd{H$mMr JiM{[r, XS>[UyH$, JwX_a Wm]yZ m gd j{mV gXgXodd{H$mMm ZdMV`Xm`r dmh gw$ hm{Bb. AmVnaH$ EH$m_V{VyZ odH$ogV hm{Um`m m gdmXm_wi{ OrdZm`m gd j{m_`{ AodMmar, ]mMm]mMr, oWa Hw$aKm{S>m, Hw$pgV Hw$Mmi`m, T>m|Jr _wbmIVr, bmMma- VwVrVm{{, dmmV ]S>]S>, oZbm Iwbmg{, jw h{d{Xmd{, Hw$oQ>b CbQ> V[mg`m, ohe{]r gm_gbVr, hrZ Ib]V{, _Vb]r ]Vmd`m, Xw> A$dm, $gd{ Xmd{, Im{Q>{ W H$_r hm{D$ bmJ{b. ]{O]m]Xma odYmZ{, Im{Q>r AmmgZ{, ZH$br ^mfU]mOr, [m{H$i Km{fUm]mOr `mMm ^md Am{g$ bmJ{b. gXgXodd{H$ JwX_a`m_wi{ V`ma hm{Um`m AgVm{fmbm H$`mUH$mar {aUm, >r, odMma d ^mdZmMr dmQ> o_i{b AmoU AgVm{fmVyZ V`ma hm{Um`m odZmeH$mar ^mdZm, odMma AmoU H$VrM [nadVZ gOZerb d odKmVH$ ^mdZm, odMma, `m{OZm d H$Vr_`{ hm{D$ bmJ{b. [naUm_r H$mQ>w o]H$ OrdZmV Am_r`Vm[yU dmJUyH$sM{ Zd{ gH${ V odH$ogV hm{V OmVrb. ejoUH$ j{mV hm{Um`m ]Xbm_wi{ [m{Q>mWu, [wVH$mWu, [arjmWu, `dgm`mWu Ag{ oejU g`mo^_wI ]Z{b. g`mo^_wI [na_mUmZ{ gd H$ma`m oejUmbm gm_moOH$ ohVmMm [m`m d h{Vy o_i{b. amOH$s` j{mVrb ododY C[H$_ AmoU `m{OZm AoYH$moYH$ H$b{AV^yV H{$br OmVrb, e{Vr AmoU Amm{oJH$ j{m_Yrb `m{OZm H{$di e{V_Oya d H$m_Jmam`m qH$dm O_rZXma AmoU Cm{OH$m`m Zh{Va gdm`m H$`mUm`m >rZ{ ]Zd`m OmVrb d EHy$UM g_mOm_`{ gXgXodd{H$mM g d CgmhOZH$ ApVd AoYH$moYH$ _mUmV AodH$V hm{Bb. g{aUm d gXodMmam`m ^mdr JQ>Zm_wi{ AmOda Hw$oR>V dm ]{]X AgUm`m d`o$H$ OrdZmVrb `gZmYrZVm, H$_r hm{Bb. H$mQw>o]H$ H$bh AmoU d`o$H$ ewd{ H$_r hm{Vrb. ]mbgJm{[Z gwYma{b. d o[T>rer oXbO_mB hm{Bb.AmVnaH$ g_mYmZm_wi{ AmoU ododY j{mVrb ]Xbm_wi{ am{O`m H$m_mVrb d`o$H$ d gm_moOH$ g_r AmoU J^Vm Om{[mg`mMr j_Vm OmUd{b. `m_wi{ dV>`m H$V`mVrb gmX`mMm d gm_`mMm Zdm gmjmH$ma hm{D$Z `modf`r AmWm dmQy> bmJ{b. am{O`m H$m_mVbm Om{_, CaH$ d g_mYmZ dmT>{b. g_mYmZ, Cgmh AmoU Am_r`V{`m gOrdZr_wi{ [gm, gmm, _m{R>{[Um, AoYH$ma, odbmg, oXImD$[Um `mM d{S> H$_r hm{Bb. gmhoOH$M MwH$m, _mX d Jwh{ `mM _mU H$_r hm{Bb. Aem Vh{Z `o$ AmoU ododY j{mV H$[ZmVrb ohVH$mar ]Xb KSy>Z `{Vrb d V{ [a[amZm [m{fH$ hm{D$Z `o$ d g_mOmM{ AoYH$moYH$ ohV hm{V OmBb. `m gm`mMm V[erb `m oR>H$mUr AVwV Amh{.[aVw `modf`r ZrQ> H$[Zm `{`mgmR>r EImX{ CXmhaU [mhU{ Z$s Amd`H$ Amh{. oejU j{mM CXmhaU K{V`mg Ag gmJVm `{Bb H$s oZ^` d J^ odmWu, A`m[H$, ghZ{ && 6 && 7. oejUVk `m`mV gwgdmX hm{D$Z _mU[{, [X`m, [arjm, gWm, oejUIm`mM{ OmMH$ oZ`_ d ]YZ{ `mM{ m]` H$_r hm{D$Z kmZm]am{]aM `jmZw^d, H$me`, gOZerbVm, VkmZ, C[mXH$Vm d m`m]am{]aM AmZX, oZ^`Vm, gm_` X{Umar g`mMr oMVr `mZm `m{` V{ _hd X{Uma oejU odH$ogV hm{D$ bmJ{b. H{$di H$mhr gWm_`{ V{ H$m|S>b{b{ Z amhVm OrdZm`m gd j{mV V{ C[bY hm{D$ bmJ{b. oejUmgmR>r emim H$mb{OM hd{ Aer [napWVr amhUma Zmhr. e{V{, ]H$m, Umb`{, Cm{J, _oXa{ gd C[bY hm{D$ bmJ`m_wi{ gd [H$maM{ oejU odm`mZm A`mgH$_mMr, `dgm`mMr oZdS> H$a`mgmR>r [wH$i gYr amhVrb. Vg{M A`mgH$_ d `dgm` ]Xb`m`mhr gYr C[bY hm{Vrb. `m_wi{ _m{R>{[UmgmR>r, [emgmR>r, [m{Q>mgmR>r dm Jag_OwVr[m`r dm odoe> d{S>m[m`r EImm A`mgH$_mgmR>r OrdmMm AmQ>m[rQ>m H$aUm`m d EImm A`mgH$_mV dm `dgm`mV AS>Hy$Z [S>Um`m [arjm, gWm, amZQ>r gWm, [wVH$s [moS>` , amOH$s` ^md d X]md Vg{M OmMH$ oZ`_ d ]YZ{ B`mXt`m ghm`mZ{ H$m{Q>mdYr _wb{ d [mbH$mZm d{R>rg Y$Z dVMm d g_mOmMm KmV H$aUm`m XbmbmMr d _V{XmamMr CR>mR>{d H$_r hm{Bb. odmOZ AmoU `dgm` `m`mgmR>r Mmbb{`m amZQ>r [Y}Mr Vg{M odmOZ d `dgm`mVrb hrZV_ S>md[{MmMr JaO Zmhrer hm{D$Z `$sVrb gdm}m_ [b`m Om{[mgZ{bm d AodH$mambm y m{gmhZ o_i{b. oZ^` gwgdmXmVyZ hm{Um`m `o$odH$mgmM{ [S>gmX gd j{m_`{ C_Qy>Z `mM{ AoY>mZ d d$[ oZH$m{[ hm{`mMr _hmoH$`m d{J K{Bb. `m_wi{ bm`H$ d m_moUH$ `$sZm ejoUH$, dH$s`, Amm{oJH$, AmoWH$, amOH$s`, Ymo_H$ B`mXr gd j{mV AoYH$ma d _hd m hm{D$Z `m`mVrb Cm_ JwUmMm `mZm AmoU BVa gdmZm AoYH$moYH$ $m`Xm o_iy bmJ{b. ^moVH$ g`m`m ]moH$ AmH$bZmbm d Am_odH$mambm odkmZ hUVmV. OrdZmVrb CXmmV{`m ^mdoZH$ AmH$bZmbm d Am_odH$mambm OrdZmVb H$m` H$bm d ZmQ> hUVmV. doH$ g`m`m oMVrbm hUO{M dV`mM _yi $[mer Vx[ hm{`mbm Am_kmZ hUVmV. [ydu`m H$mimV Am_kmZr d BVa l{> od^yVr hm{D$Z J{`m. Varhr AmO[`V`m BoVhmgmV CXmmVm d g[Vm, H$Yrhr gd Vamda EH$ ZmX`m ZmhrV. [aVw g`m`m H$mimMM doeQ> Ag Amh{ H$s Am_kmZ d g[Vm gmdoH$ hm{Vrb. Ba gd MamMamV Amh{ Ag{ oeH$dmd{ bmJUma Zmhr d X`m -Y_ H$am Ag{hr gmJmd{ bmJUma Zmhr. H$maU gmjmH$ma d g_r gdmZm gm` hm{Vrb. `m oH$`{Mm EH$ ^mJ hUO{M gVmZr oXb{br gdmZm gwb^ d VmoH$Q>m oH$>Vm Zgb{br ""Zm_gmYZm'' `mM h{ H$m` hUO{ A`mp_H$ OrdZJJm [drda AmU`mM ^JraWmgmaI _hH$m` hm{`. `m_wi{ _r odUwghmZm_m_`{ Agb{`m VmoH$V{M{ AJ Agb{`m `mgmMm Chm[m{h H{$b{bm Zmhr. `mg hUO{ H$m` dJa{ OmU`mMr BN>m AgUm`mZr BVa JW dm AoYH$mar `$sMm AmYma `mdm. `m AJm{XaM gma [>rH$aU dmMb Varhr Zm__aUm_`{ qH$dm odUwghZm_m`m Ame`mV ghZ{ && 7 && 8. CdJm_r H$mVrMm COmm{V Amh{ Ag hQ>b Va `mV H$mhr Ja Zmhr. H$maU X{dmMr ^$s dm Zm__aU `mMm g]Y gm_moOH$ g[V{er H$YrM KmVbm J{bm ZhVm. qH$]hZm Zm__aUmMr gmJS> oZagVm, oZH$s`Vm, CXmgrZVm, AXlm ]wdm]mOr `m`mer KmVbr OmV{. h{ AWmVM A`V MwH$sM{ Amh{. `mCbQ> ghZ{mV ^moVH$ g`, ^mdoZH$ CXmaVm AmoU doH$ g`mMr oMVr `mMr AIS>Vm d EH$m_Vm AmT>i{b. m g`J AZw^dmV oZ^`Vm, gwgdmX AmoU [gm`XmZmMr [yVu `mMr ]rO{ Amh{V, y$Vum{V Amh{V. [ydr`m _hm[wfm`m A`mp_H$ d ^moVH$ H$mVr`m VdkmZmZrM hr EH$m_Vm [naUVr Amh{. hUyZM d`o$H$ AmoU doH$ H$`mU d g_rMr `mV h_r Amh{. hUyZM d`o$H$ AmoU doH$ H$`mU d g_rMr `mV h_r Amh{. g`mMm em{Y hr dV>er gdmX gmY`mMr oH$`m Ag`mZ{ Bamer hUO{M dV`m _yi d$[mer gdmX gmYbm Om`bm AmoU b{IH$mMr C[pWVr Zmhrer hm`bm [m{fH$ R>amdr Aer _mS>Ur O_yZ Ambr Amh{. odUwghZm_m_`{ [wZ$$s d [mR>o^Vm Ag`m_wi{ AmoU oM_`mZX, AmJme{ AmoU BVamZr d{Jd{Ji{ AW bmd`m_wi{ odUwghZm_m_`{ H$moher pb>Vm `{V{ d dmMUm`mMm Jm|Yi CS>Vm{ h{ Ia{ Amh{ [aVw ghZ{m`m dmMZmZ{ g`mMr oMVr `{D$Z Jm|Yi Z> hm{Bb. `mM_mU{ odUwghZm_, g`Zmam`UmMr [yOm d qhXw Y_ `mM AVwQ> ZmV `m_wi{ hm{Umar gmXmo`H$ [ydJhmMm Am^mghr ghZ{mma{ hm{Um`m AmH$bZmZ{ Z> hm{Bb Agm ^adgm dmQ>Vm{. Vg{M g`Zmam`Umgma`m gdM [yOm-[mR>mXrWmM{ __ bjmV `{Bb d dmXr- oVdmXr Ao^oZd{e g[Vrb Aer Imr dmQ>V{. gdmZm g`mMr oMVr d g_rMr mVr hUO{M CdJm_r dm dm`dmXr H$mVr. oVMr hr drO Vwhmbm dm`^mdmZ g_o[V Ag{b. ghZ{mVrb CdJm_r H$mVrM ]rOm_V hUO{M Vw_`m AV`m_r d gdmV`m_r AgUma d$[m_V Iam{Ia Agb Amh{ H$s Zmhr h{ VwhrM R>adm`M Amh{. V{ gm{[ Omd hUyZ lm hUO{ H$m` h{ [mh. lm hUO{ dV>Mr gHw$oMV ]wr R>ad{b V{M Ia BVa gma Im{Q> Ag hU`mMm AmVVm`r[Um Q>mH$U. Aem l{Z _yi d$[mMr oMVr `{U gm{[ OmV. [aVw AmO l{`m ZmdmImbr dVMr ]wr JhmU Q>mH$`mMm d Xwg`m`m _yI[Umda o^V R>{d`mMm H$ma MmbVm{. Agbr lm hUO{ Am_KmVmbm d BVam`m KmVmbm oZ_U hm{`. `m_wi{ dV`m gHw$oMV ]wrbm _mU Z _mZVm [U `mM]am{]a _m`m gddr ghOg^d Aem _yI[Umda odmg Z R>{dVm Vwhr g`mMr H$mg Y$Z g`m`m oMVrer VS>Om{S> Z H$aVm m ]rOm_VmMm drH$ma d `mJ H$amdm. h{ gm[ hmd `mgmR>r AmpVH$ d ZmpVH$ `m eXmMr `m`m bjmV K{Vbr Va V{ C[`w$ R>a{b. Iam ApVH$ Vm{, Om{ H{$di g`mda g[yU[U{ odmg R>{dVm{, qH$]hZm H{$di g` h{ Ia{ oMaH$mbrZ ApVd Ag`mMr oMVr K{Vm{. Iam ZmpVH$ Vm{ Om{ dV`m gHw$oMV ]wr, H$[Zm, ^mdZm, dmgZm `mM{ gm[{jd OmUyZ `m`mda g[yU g` hUyZ odmg R>{drV Zmhr. Vm{ `m >rZ{ [moh`mg ghZ{ && 8 && 9. `mJr, `m{Jr, gV, F$fr h{ Ia{ AmpVH$ d V{M Ia{ ZmpVH$ Ag`mM bjmV `{Bb.`mM_mU{ AmpVH$V{`m dm ZmpVH$V{`m ZmdmImbr AmOH$mb Mmbb{b ]hV{H$ gma hUO{ qhVm d em{fU AmoU ^m]S>[Um d Aghm` XrZ[Um `mZm Am_U Ag`mM `mZmV `{Bb. e{dQ>r { g`m`m oMVr AmUIr EH$m ]m]rM [>rH$aU X{Irb Z$s C[`w$ R>a{b. Vr ]m] hUO{ Ame`mMr oMVr K{VmZm `{Umam oVM{ X{Irb Z$s C[`w$ R>a{b. Vr ]m] hUO{ Ame`mMr oMVr K{VmZm `{Umam oVM{ eXmH$Z H$aUm`modf`r `{Umam odMma. ghZ{mVrb Ame`mM eXmH$Z h{ lroZdmg H$emirH$a m `$sM H$m` Zh{. qH$]hZm `$s hUyZ Hw$Urhr, `mM{ _mVmo[Vm , AZwdoeH$Vm, O_ B`mXr, `$s`m H$m`mbm [m`m^yV Aem ]m]r R>adyZ m H$$ eH$V Zmhr. EImm H$[mVyZ JJm[meZmMm `m{J Ambm Var Vm{ H$[ hm JJ{Mm H$Vm ZgVm{ h{ Og Ia VVM h{ Amh{. Vg{M H$[ w$Q>H$m Agbm Var Om{ Am[U JJ{bm H$_r[Um X{V Zmhr `mM_mU{MH{$di _m`m jwdm_wi{ Vwhr Ame`mbm JmUd X{U `m{` R>aUma Zmhr. `mdhmnaH$ Q>m _m ghZ{mVrb gd wQ>tZm _r O]m]Xma Amh{ d O_{`m ]mOyM{ l{` _mP{ AmB-doS>b, Hw$Qw>]r`, JwOZ, ghmH$mar, o_ d ohVqMVH$, U d odm`mZm Amh{. `m oR>H$mUr H{$.B.E_. hmp[Q>b`m S>rZ S>m. km [. od^mJ_wI S>m. gm. H|$XyH$a, od^mJmVrb `{> d H$oZ> ghH$mar `m`m goXN>m d ododY gJr `mZr H{$b{b ghH$m`, lr. o_qbX _mBUH$a AmoU dXZm Zm]a `mZr XmIdb{br odbjU AmWm d Cgmh, gwZrV ^Q>, [wH$a oeH$maImZ{, S>m. O`lr JS>H$ar, S>m.A_a gm{b[wa{, dJa|er Pmb{`m MMm Vg{M S>m. _h| H$mXiH$a, S>m. H$_imH$a Hw$bH$Uu, m. gw^mf AJS>r dJa{ AZ{H$ o_mZr d{im{d{ir H{$b{b ghH$m` d _m`m _wbr oM. _w$m, oM. CoOVm d [Zr S>m. gm.od^m `mZr AmOda ododY gJr oXb{br g_OyVXma gmW `m]b `mMm F$UoZX}g H$aU `m{` R>a{b. [aVw Zm_oZX}e Zd H{$b{`m Aem AZ{H$mM{ Am^ma _mZU `mhZhr amV d Amd`H$ R>a{b, e{dQ>r S>r.Q>r.[r. Mr gWm "oZo_Vr' d "H$meH$' `mM{ Am^ma _mZVm{ d XJV [yU H$aVm{. Am[bm Z_ lroZdmg OZmX Z H$emirH$a ghZ{ && 9 && 10. "ghZ{' m [wVH$m`m [oh`m d Xwg`m Amdmrbm Mm{IXi, odmZ d gX` dmMH$mMm A`V CH$> oVgmX o_imbm. X ZdmH$mi_`{ g[mXH$ ZriH$R> ImoS>bH$a `mZr Jmad[yU Agm AJb{IM obohbm."ghZ{' `m dmMZmZ{ oH$`{H$mZm AX^wV g_mYmZ d gm_` AZw^dmbm Amb{. S>m. lroZdmg OZmXZ H$emirH$a ghZ{ && 10 && 11. lr odUwghZm_ Vm{-]m{Ym_V ma^$& lr JU{em` Z_ lr JU{embm Z_H$ma Agm{. [dr (JY), Am[($[), V{O(ag), dm`w([e), AmH$me (eX) hr [M_hm^wV{ AgyZ, odm{[mr`m EH$m [>rH$aUmZwgma [wf-H$Vr[mgyZ AmH$me d [wT>{ BVa _hm^y V { (MamMa) V`ma Pmbr. AmH$me= eX ] =JU[Vr. hUy Z Am_oMVrgmR>r dV`m _ybmYmamMr-JU[VrMr Ama^rM Z_Vm[ydH$ AmR>dU d mWZm H{$br OmV{. lr d{X`mgm` Z_$& lr d{X`mgmZm dXZ Agm{. _hm^maVH$ma `mg _hfu odUwghZm_mM{hr H$V} Ag`mZ{ odUwghZm_ma^r _hfu `mgmZm, hUO{M `m`m Am_kmZr k{bm hUO{M dV`m Am_$[mbmhr dXZ H{$b{ OmV{. `` _aU_m{U O_ggma]YZmV $&& od_w`V{ Z_V_ odUd{ ^odUd{ $&&1&& `m`m H{$di AmR>dUrZ{hr O_ AmoU _`y`m gmgmnaH$ MH$mVyZ hUO{ Ak d [amdb]r X{hmo^_mZr ApVdmVyZ _w$s o_iV{ `m gm`m odmbm `m[Um`m Y_gXm`mVrV- odMmamVrV A_a g`mbm ^JdmZ lr odUybm _mP{ ( _m`m _`moXV ApVdmM{ ) gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V$ &&1&& Z_ g_V^yVmZm_moX^yVm` ^y^V{$&& AZ{H$$[$[m` odUd{ ^odUd{$&&2&& gdgm_m`[U{ [mM _hm^yVm_`{ dJuH$V H{$b{`m MamMa _yi [XmWmM{hr O{ _yi `m AZ{H$mZ{H$ $[mVrb OJVdm_r odUybm _mP{ ([whm [whm) gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. de[m`Z CdmM lwdm Y_mZe{f{U [mdZmoZ M gde `woYo>a emVZd [wZa{dm`^mfV$&&3&& ghZ{ && 11 && 12. de[m`Z F$fr OZ_{O` amOmbm hUVmV, ""^r_mMm`mH$Sy>Z g[yU [od Y_ d Y_mMma `m`mg]YrM{ odd{MZ E{Hy$Z Y_amO `woYo>a ^r_mMm`mZm ghm odMmaVmV'' $&&3&& oH$_{H$ XdV bm{H{$ qH$ `m[{H$ [am`U_ $& VwdV H$ H$_MV mw`w_mZdm: ew^_ $&&4&& H$m{ Y_ gdY_mUm ^dV [a_m{ _V $& qH$ O[_w`V{ OVwO_ggma]YZmV $&&5&& 1) `m odm_`{ EH$_{dmoVr` Agm X{d H$m{UVm ? ( X{d `m eXmMm AW [> H$aVmZm V{ [wT>{ odMmaVmV) Z 2) ``mdV gdmgmR>r d gdmZm m hmd Ag qH$dm m hm{`mg gdm{ Ag WmZ H$m{UV ? BW{ WmZ `m eXmMm AW H{$di OmJm Agm Zmhr. H$maU h{ H{$di earamM WmZ Zh{, Va ApVd , ApVdmMr OmUrd d OmoUd{M ApVd m gm`mM WmZ Amh{. h{ WmZ eara gm_mdUm`m [m{H$ir_mU{ VrZ o_VtM ZgyZ V{ AZV o_VtM qH$dm o_Vt`m AVrV Ag g_Omd `m_wi{ m WmZmbm earamZ{ Zh{ , Va _Z, ^mdZm, odMma, AhH$ma, `m`m AVrV OmD$Z [m{MVm `{V. JWH$V} `mg _hfu ]kmZr Ag`m_wi{ `mZr `woYn>am`m Vm|S>r hm __^{Xr Z Q>mH$bm Amh{. `m ZmM AmUIr [>rH$aU Imbrb_mU{ H$aVm `{Bb. gd MaMamVrb KQ>ZmM{ _yi H$maU qH$dm gd H$m`H$maUmMmhr CJ_, CXJmVm d oZ`Vm (X{d) H$m{U? gdm} CH$mVrMr AdWm d oMVr oOW{ m hm{V{, V{ [a_m{ WmZ H$m{UV ? `m AZw^yVr_`{ jw d ]YZH$mar dmgZmMm j` hm{Vm{ Vr AZw^yVr H$m{UVr ? `mM_mU{ Agm dmgZmj` hm{D$Z Iar AmZX_` Am_gmm `m AdW{V m hm{V{ Vr AdWm oVM WmZ H$m{UV ? oOW{ qH$dm `m AmYma{ AkmZ_w$ AmoU ]YZ_w$ Aer AmV]m H$memdWm ahmV{ V{ [a_l{> Ym_ H$m{UV ? `m Am_gmjmH$mamZ{ gm_`, AmZX AmoU oZ^`Vm m hm{VmV `m Am_gmjmH$mamMm H$maH$ AmYma H$m{U ? oOW{ [m{M`mZVa ApVdmbm O_-Oam-_aUmoX X{h[mVirdarb ]YZH$maH$ OrdZ ]mYV Zmhr V{ gdm} Aml`WmZ H$m{UV ? dV`m I`m kmZmZ{ O{hm d oOW{ `$s odoZ``mer Vx[ hm{V{ d VmXm` [mdV{ Vr gdm}m_, AI{aMr H$mbmVrV OmJm H$m{UVr ? 3) gdOU [naUm_V H$m{U`m X{dmMm VwoV[mR> , gH$sVZ , AMZ dJa{ H$aVmV? hUO{ AmpVH$, ZmpVH$ odMmam`m, ododY OmVr-Y_m`m, odo^ ghZ{ && 12 && 13. H$ma`m bm{H$m`m CXmm ^mdZm, odMma, H$[Zm d H$Vr `m_`{ `{D$Z o_iVmV d oMaVZ[U{ oZJoS>V, g_ag d EH$m_ hm{VmV Aem odmM{ Cm_ H|$ Agb{bm Vm{ H$m{U Amh{ ? [ 4) H$m{U`m X{dmMr VwVr H{$br AgVm (Am_ewr hm{D$Z, gHw$oMV dmrMm j` hm{D$Z) VwVr H$aUma{ Am_mdb]r, dmdb]r d _w$ hm{VmV $? $&&4&& 5) d{Jd{J`m gmXmo`H$ _VmMm, Vg{M odm`m oZ`_mMm gdH$f d gIm{b odMma H{$bm AgVm od`dW{bm AmYma^yV Agm gmdoH$ [a_l{> AmYma [a_Y_ H$m{UVm ? 6) `m`m gVV _aUmZ{ Ord ggma XwIm`m (d`o$H$ emarnaH$, AmoWH$, _mZogH$, dMmnaH$) [mVird$Z CV hm{D$Z AkmZO` ]YZ{ d XwIm[mgyZ _w$ hm{Vm{ Agm H$m{U Amh{ d `mMm O[ H$m{UVm $? $&&5&& ^r_ CdmM$& OJ^w X{dX{d_ZV [wfm{m__ $& Vwdm_gh{U [wf: gVVm{pWV $&&6&& `woYo>a hm l{> [wf Ag`mZ{ `mZ{ O{ Z odMmab{ V{ H{$di `o$JV _m{jmgmR>r Zh{ Va gm`m odmbm C[`m{Jr hmd{V hUyZ odMmab{ AmoU `mM_mU{ ^r_mZr X{Irb `mMr Cma{ OJVH$`mUm`m >rZ{ oXbr, h{ _hfu `mgmZr [> H{$b{ Amh{. darb[H$s ghm`m mbm Cma X{VmZm ^r_mMm` hUVmV, ""Mb AmoU AMb Aem gm`m odmMm dm_r, X{dmMmhr X{d Agm X{e-H$mbmbm `m[yZ CaUmam Om{ [a_{a Amh{, `mM_mU{ `m`m ApVdmbm AV Zmhr, Om{ odm`m KQ>Zm _ `{ Jw V b{ b m Zmhr d gmjr$[mZ{ amhVm{ , Aem X{ d mM{ `m`m ghZm_Vm{mma{ _aU AmoU AmH$bZ H{$b{ AgVm _Zw` AkmZ d Vm` XwImVyZ ]mh{a `{Vm{. $&&6&& V_{d MmM`o` ^`m [wf_``_ $& `mZVwd_` `O_mZV_{d M $&&7&& Md`m m`m CmamXmIb ^r_mMm` hUVmV, ""H$Yrhr Zme Z [mdUm`m d gdm`m AV`m_r AgUm`m ( hUO{M EH$mM d{ir `$s_`{ d g_>r_`{) dgUm`m [a_{amMr Am[U gdmZr _Zm{^md{H$$Z , ^o$[ydH$ [yOm H$amdr. $&&7&& AZmoXoZYZ odUw gdbm{H$_h{a_ $& bm{H$m`j Vwdo` gdXwImoVJm{ ^d{V $&&8&& ghZ{ && 13 && 14. amOm `woYo>am`m oVg`m mM{ Cma X{VmZm ^r_ hUmb{, `{H$ X{hmbm ghm odH$ma, JwU qH$dm bjU{ Amh{V. 1) C[ hm{U{ 2) dmT>U{ 3) oQ>Hy$Z amhU{ 4) ]wr^e hm{U{. (Am`mbm "d' Z g_OVm dV`m earambmM (hUO{M eara, _Z, ]wr, AhH$ma) Am[bm "d' g_OU{ d gd H$m`} hm "d'M H$aVm{ Ag{ g_OU{ `mbm AhH$ma qH$dm X{h]wrO` X{hmo^_mZ hUVmV. `m_wi{ gmamgmaodd{H$ Z> hm{Vm{, gd{XZm, kmZ odMma d AZw_mZ od[arV hm{VmV, ^> hm{VmV.) 5) jrUVm `{{U{. 6) Zme [mdU{. h{ ghm odH$ma Zg`mZ{ AZmoXoZYZ ( hUO{ AmoX d AVaohV) hUyZ dUZ H{$bm OmUmam AMb d Mb Aem odmbm AV]m d{>Umam, d{T>Umam qH$dm `m[Umam Agm Om{ odUy Vm{M mWZ{g A`V `m{` Amh{. hm odUw Om{ gdmZm d^mdog ]m{YZe$sZ{ [mhVm{ d Om{ gd OmUrdm`m [mV`mMm (bm{H$ `mMm EH$ AW, OmoUd{Mr [mVir CXm. ]{ew, ew, dZ, Pm{[ B`mXr) dm_r Amh{ `mMr oZaVa C[mgZm H{$`mg hUO{ dVMr ^mdZm d odMma `m`m goY R>{d`mg gd H$ma`m XwIm[mgyZ Ord _w$ hm{Vm{.'' $&&8&& ]` gdY_k bm{H$mZm H$soVdYZ_ $& bm{H$ZmW _hX^yV gd^yV^dm{X^d_ $&&9&& ]kmZ d ]mZw^mdm`m mrgmR>r Va H$aUm`mM{ H$`mU BpN>Umam (H$maU ]oOkmgm d VrZwgma V[`m d ]kmZmMr mr h{ gma{ Ba{N>{Z{M KS>V{. EImm `$s`m jwH$ d d`o$H$ BN>{Z{ Zh{ ) Ba eaU Om`mg `m{` Amh{. od d `wJm`wJmZm YmaU H$aUm`m Y_VdmMm Iam kmVm OmUH$ma AmoU dV`m AodH$mamZ{ OmoUdmM{ od g[ H$aUmam d ^$mMr X`{ _hmZ AmoU OZo` ]ZdUmam Ba, VwVr H$$Z Amiod`mV gw`m{` Amh{. [M_hm^wVmM{ C[mrWmZ d gy_V{Z{ hUO{M AoYH$aUVdmZ{ [M_hm^yV{ `m_`{ amhVmV Ag{ _hm_ ^yV Om{ Amh{ d `m`m OmoUd{Z{ gma{ od jU^Jwa d Aodmgmh Ag`mM{ bjmV `{V{ AmoU `o$JV Bo`Jm{Ma kmZmMr _`mXm d gHw$oMVVm g_OV{ Agm Vm{M, ghZ{ && 14 && 15. gdd g_o[V H$$Z AmamYZm H$a`mg A`V `m{` Amh{. $&&9&& Ef _{ gdY_mUm Y_m}@oYH$V_m{ _V $& `X^`m [wS>arH$mj VdaM}a gXm $&&10&& [mM`m mgX^mV ^r_mMm` Cmab{, "" AkmZ d Am^mgm`m AYmambm Xya H$$Z X` ew AmoU V{Om{_` ]ZdUm`m X`mVar H$meUm`m dmgwX{dmMr gVV AmR>dU H$aU{ d `modf`r Vrd Am{T> d AmdS> AIS> C[^m{JU{ ( ^$s ) AmoU `m dmgwX{dmMr _mohVr BVamZm _m{R>m {_mZ{ X{U{ (gH$sVZ) d `mVrb Cy$V AmZXmMr AZw^yVr K{U{, K{V ahmU{ d `mVM a_U{ hm _m`m _V{ gdl{R> Y_ Amh{.'' `m[{jm AoYH$ Aohgm$[ Agm Y_ Zmhr h{ [mM H$maU{ X{D$Z odfX H$aVm `{Bb. 1) `m Y_m_`{ Hw$UmM{hr AohV Zmhr, `m AWmZ{ Vm{ Aqhgm$[r Amh{ d ]iO]ar Zmhr hUyZhr Aqhgm$[r Amh{. 2) m_`{ gmH$oVH$ JVrM{ [a_m{ oeIa-Agm oZdmWu[Um Amh{. H$maU EH$m Ba{_moedm` hUO{M gd Vh{`m mUr_mm`m AVH$aUmer oZH$[Q> ew {_mM{ ZmV{ oZ_mU H$$Z dtJV H$a`moedm` `m_`{ H$m{UVmM A` h{Vy ZgVm{. 3) m Y_mMm _m{R>[Um Agm H$s Vm{ d`og d d`[U Ag`m_wi{ H$m{U`mhr { y ^moVH$ gmYZmda Adb]yZ Zmhr. CXmhaUmW, [gm AS>H$m, [wOmar XojUm, dV{, C[dmg B`mXtMr O$a Zmhr. 4) `m Y_[mbZmgmR>r, `m Y_mMr gmm oH$mb]moYV d H$mbmVrV Ag`mZ{ odoe> Wi-H$mimoX _whVoXH$mMr Amd`H$Vmgwm Zmhr. 5) `m_`{ Z`Jm`Zmgma`m H$m{U`mhr H$b{_`{ mdr` Ag`mMrhr JaO Zmhr. gmhoOH$M EH$ ]m] ghO `mZr `{Bb. Vr hUO{, hm Y_ od CVrMm doH$ Y_ Amh{. `m_`{ H$m{UVrhr XS>[U{ d dmV`mMm gH$m{M H$aUma{ OmMH$ oZ`_ d ]YZ{ ZmhrV. `mV ^{X^md Zmhr. hUyZ gd Q>m [mohb{ AgVm OJo``m Hy$Q>W BamM{ _aU H$aU{ d `mgmR>r `m`m AW[yU ZmdmMm O[ H$aU{ hmM gdl{> Y_ Amh{. ode{fV H$ob`wJm_`{ Va ^JdXmr d odH$`mU gm` H$$Z X{Umam `mhZ l{R> Y_ Zmhr.&&10&& ghZ{ && 15 && 16. [a_ `m{ _hm{O `m{ _hm[ $& [a_ `m{ _hX] [a_ ` [am`U_ $&&11&& `mZVa Y_amOm`m Xwg`m m`m CmamXmIb o[Vm_h ^r_ hUmb{, ""[a_l{> Ag{, AV]m gma{ OrdZ COiyZ Q>mH$Uma{ O{ MV`$[r V{O Amh{. (O{ `_mZ PJ_JmQ>mhZ AJXr o^ Amh{) d `m`m Ae_mmZ{ gma{ od AV]m H$meV{ AmoU `mM{ ^mZ _`moXV OmoUdm `o$dmVrV Pm`m H$r `{V{, `mbm [a_ V{O hUVmV. `m`m_wi{ ApVdm`m d OmoUdm`m ododY Vamdarb oOdmZm (X{d-X{dVm-`j AmXr) Am_ZXmZw^yVr m hm{V{ V{ [odV_ kmZXm`r V[ hUO{ Ia{ [a_ V[ hm{`. `m`m_wi{ od Amh{ d `wJ{ Amh{V d m_wi{ O{ _hmH$maU Amh{ V{ _hX] hUO{ gdmZr e{dQ>r oOW{ [m{Mm`M Vr kmZXm`r, V{Om{_`, MV`_` AdWm hUO{ [a_ l{> ]mAdWm hm{`. `m [a_ V{Odr, [a_ V[m{$[r ]$[r AdW{bm [a_[X hUVmV. m Mmahr bjUmZr `w$ Agm Ba odZ_[U{ [yO`mg, gVV _a`mgd AI{a Vx[ hm{`mg / AZw^d`mg `m{` Amh{.''$&&11&& [odmZm [od `m{ _JbmZm M _Jb_ $& XdV XdVmZm M ^yVmZm `m{@`` o[Vm $&&12&& `woYo>a amOm`m [oh`m mM{ Cma X{VmZm ^r_ hUmb{, "" JJm dJa{ VrWmZmhr `m`m `m{JmZ{ [odVm `{V{ d `m`m_wi{ VrWmoXH$mZr Z OmUmar _hm[m[{hr (Aodm-_m`m-AkmZ_ybH$ Aer [amYrZ AdWm, oO`m_`{ Am_$[r BamM{ od_aU AgV) oZKyZ OmVmV Vm{ Ba A`mXa d CH$Q> ^$sZ{ Amid`mg `m{` Amh{. (H$maU `mM _aU hrM _`moXV ApVdm`m CH$mVrda pW`VamMr gwdmV d bjU AgV{) `m`m AVH$aU[ydH$ _aUm_wi{ AmoU `mMr Wm[Zm _ZmZ{ X`mV H{$`m_wi{ H{$di [ma[naH$M Zh{ Va Y_emmVrb H$_}hr Z H$aVm gdH$mhr _Jb hm{V{, Vm{ X{d oZ`_aUmgmR>r gw`m{` Amh{, H$maU Vm{ AodZmer _mJ`mMm H$maH$ Amh{. gd MamMamVrb MV`mMm, dr`mMm CJ_ Ag`mZ{ `mbm X{dmMm X{d, _yi H$maU, odmMm o[Vm hUVmV, AmoU Vm{ X{d dV`m ^mdZm`m ma{ `m`mer gVV oZJS>rV amhmd d `m`m [m`r brZ hmd Agm Amh{.'' &&12&& `V gdmoU ^yVmoZ ^d`moX`wJmJ_{ $& `p_ b` `mpV [wZa{d `wJj`{ $&&13&& Aem Vh{Z{ amOm `woYo>amM{ eH$moZagZ H{$`mda ^r_mMm` hUmb{, "" `m[mgyZ g>r`m ma^r [M_hm^yVmXr C[ hm{VmV d b`H$mbr `m`mV b` [mdVmV Ag{ ^JdmZ [a_{amM{ ApVd ( h{ ApVd T>m{]i ApVdmgmaI{ ghZ{ && 16 && 17. Zmhr. Vab Amh{. CXmhaUmW [m{H$ir, AdH$me, H$mi OmUrd `mM{ ApVd XmIdU{ A`V H$R>rU AgV{) gdl{R> hm{`. (Am`w`mM{ gd B_mZ `mbmM dmhU{ l{`H$a)'' $&&13&& V` bm{H$YmZ` OJmW` ^y[V{ $& odUm{Zm_gh _{ lUw [m[^`m[h_ $&&14&& gd AV]m Agb{`m, OJmM{ _yi H$maU Agb{`m AZmoX, AZV, AodZmer d oZ` Aem [a_{amM{ Vm{ E{H$. `m`mda H$m{U`mhr MamMamMr gmm MmbV Zmhr d Om{ H$emZ{hr ob, ] dm JmU hm{V Zmhr `m gd gm_`dmZ MV`Xm`r dm_rM{ ghmZm_$[ Vm{ ldU H$a. `m`m ldU-_ZZ-qMVZmZ{ _`moXV OmoUd{M{ `o$dmVrV OmoUd{V pW`Va hm{D$Z BamM{ od_aU, AhH$ma, Xwamo^_mZ, ^rVr, ]{MZr, `mVZm B`mXr gd ]m]r Xya hm{VmV'' $&&14&& `moZ Zm_moZ JmUmoZ od`mVmoZ _hm_Z$& F$ofo^ [naJrVmoZ VmoZ d`mo_ ^yV`{ $&&15&& "" [a_{am`m `m ZmdmMm eXe qH$dm ^mf{Zwgma hm{Umam AW AZmVd H$m[oZH$ Zmhr. T>mWmZ{ `mbm VwVr hUVmV Vr dma{_m[ VwVr h{ m ZmdmM{ `m{OZ Zmhr. CbQ> _mZdr k{bm OmUdb{`m Bam`m `j JwUmVyZ dmhV Amb{`m AWmZ{ AjamZm I{MyZ K{V`m_wi{ hr AW[yU Zmd{ gKoQ>V Pmbr Amh{V. hUyZ hr gmW Aer Zmd{ CmaVmZm, _aVmZm `$s Johd$Z OmV{, ^mamdyZ OmV{, Am_Vdmer oZJS>rV hm{D$ bmJV{. d{X, ZmaXmXr F$fr B`mXr gdl{>tZm m Vm{mM{ Jm`Z-_ZZ-qMVZ AmdS>V{ d bm{H$ohVmW V{ m Vm{mMm C[X{e BVamZm H$aVmV. Vm{m`m AmYma{ Y_, AW, H$m_, _m{j h{ gd [wfmW mV hm{VmV;H$maU m Vm{mZ{ OJmVrb gdl{> gmm Or Am_gmm oVMr m hm{V{. m H$maUmVd h{ Y_amOm, h{ Vm{ Vwbm gmJVm{.'' H$ob`wJm`m H$mimV m Am_gm{VyZ H{$di Mmahr [wfmWM Zh{ Va gdH$f D$dJm_r odH$`mU `jmV `{D$ eH$V{.H$maU m gm{VyZ doH$ H$`mUH$mar >r, `m{OZm, gmH$ma hm{D$ eH$VmV AmoU `edr hm{D$ eH$VmV AmoU ododY Y_, de, am>r`Vm, odMma B`mXt_`{ C`Z hm{V hm{V _hmg_d` hm{D$ eH$Vm{. $& < Z_m{ ^JdV{ dmgwX{dm` $& _r gm`m odmM{ _yi eX Am|H$mamM{ _aU H$$Z ^JdmZ dmgwX{dmZm _m`m X`mV AmdmhZ H$$Z V{ AV]m gd Amh{V d _mP{ Ia{ d$[ Amh{V Ag{ bjmV K{D$Z ([whm [whm) Z_Z H$aVm{. ghZ{ && 17 && 18. gmW odUwghZm_ < od odUw[dfQH$mam{ ^yV^`^d^w$& ^yVH$X^yV^X^mdm{ ^yVm_m ^yV^mdZ$&& 1) < od $& < od_ Z_ $& od. odmM{ _yi [. _yi Vd qH$dm Ia{ "d' [ Vy Amh{g. AWmV `m` odmM{ H$maUhr Vy Amh{g. ode hUO{ d{e H$aU{ m AWmZ{ `m d$[r od b`H$mbr odb`mg OmV{ V{hr VyM Amh{g, AmoU MamMamV`m_r d{e H$aUma{ m AWmZ{hr Vwbm od hQ>b Amh{. "" _r (Ba) ^yV_mmV, _m`m gZmVZ Ae$[mZ{ d{e H$aVm{ AmoU _Z d [M|o`mZr `w$ Aer H$Vr gKoQ>V H$aVm{'' Ag{ JrV{_`{ hQ>b{ Amh{. ([Yamdm A`m`). Vwbm _mPm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{. 2) odUw>$& odUd{ Z_& d{do> `mZm{oV BoV odUw$& g[yU odmbm AV]m d{T>Umam, `m[Umam d gm_mdUmam Agm Vy Amh{g. Vwbm _Z[ydH$ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 3) dfQ>H$ma $& dfQH$mam` Z_$& dfQ>H$ma hUO{ odoeQ> _m{ma[ydH$ VwVr H$arV A` X{U. h{ dfQ>H$ma `m`m { H$[{gmR>r H{$b{ OmVmV Vm{ AmoU `m `kmV (OmUrd[ydH$ CH$mVr dm C`ZmMm [Vera `Z hUO{ `k.`mV [ewdmMm ]ir oXbm OmVm{.) H{$b{ OmVmV Vm{ `khr Vy Amh{g. `km_`{ hOmam{ [ew ]ir oXb{ OmV Ag{ O{ dUZ Amh{ V{ 1) Im{Q>{ / AYg` Agmd{. 2) _yi `k H$[Z{M{ ^> $[ Agmd{ qH$dm 3) mMrZ _mZdm`m / odH$mgmo^_wI YS>[S>rMm EH$ Q>[m Agmdm. Vwbm ^o$^md[ydH$ oU[mV Agm{V. 4) ^yV^`^dV^w $& ^yV^`^dV^d{ Z_ $& ^yV, ^od` d dV_mZ H$mimVrb gd od`m[mamMm YZr Vy Amh{g. H$maU VyM gdmV Vab Amh{g. OS> [XmW, e$s, AdH$me AmoU H$mi `m`mhr [{jm Vy Vab Ag`m_wi{ `m gm`m ]m]r Vw`m gm{Z{M oZ`oV hm{VmV. Aem Vh{Z{ gdmV Vab, gd gmmYre d gdk dm_r VyM Amh{g. _mP{ ApVd Vw`m odgH$[mer g_ag hm{dm{, hr Vw`m MaUr mWZm. Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 18 && 19. 5) ^yVH$V $& ^yVH$V{ Z_ & ^yVmoZ H$am{oV BoV ^yVH$V qH$dm, ^yVmoZ H$XoV BoV ^yVH$V $& ]X{d hr gOZerb VdmMr AmoU $_yVu hr ghmam`m VdmMr H$[Zm Xm{KtZm YmaU H$aUmam d `mma{ odoZo_Vr d ododb` m Xm{KmM{hr _ybWmZ/ AmYmaWmZ/ H$maU Agb{bm, Agm Vy Amh{g. hUO{, oVhr JwUmMr C[mr d H$m` Vw`m[mgyZM C[ hm{V{ AmoU Vw`mVM odbrZ hm{V{. Vy _m m gdm_`{ gmaVdmZ{ AgyZ `m`m AmYr d ZVahr oMaVZ[U{ amhVm{g. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 6) ^yV^V $& ^yV^V{ Z_ $& gdJwUmbm hUO{M odUw m od[m{fU H$aUm`m X{dV{bm YmaU H$$Z odmM{ [m{fU H$aUmam "pWVrMm H$maH$' VyM Amh{g. hUO{M odmMr C[mr, pWVr d ghma mMm H$maH$ VyM Amh{g. A` AWmZ{ [moh`mg earam_`{ MV` Am{VUmam mUhr VyM Amh{g. `mM_mU{ `m`m _aUmZ{ MV`mMm d e$sMm gMma hm{Vm{ d AZw^dmbm `{Vm{ Vm{hr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm ^$s[ydH$ Z_Z Agm{. 7) ^md $& ^mdm` Z_$& ^doV BoV ^md $& VyM h{ gma{ MamMa od ]Zbm Amh{g. m MamMamVrb kmZ{o`{ Agb{b{ d Zgb{b{ Ag{ gd gOrd AmoU oZOudhr VyM Amh{g. H$maU h{ gma{ hUO{{ d{Jd{Ji{ XmoJZ{ Agmd{ Vg{ AmoU Vy `mM{ _yb` O{ gm{Z{ `mgmaIm Amh{. `mM_mU{ h{ gd gOZ^mdmZ{ C[ hm{`mMr oH$`m d `m oH$`{Mm OZH$ VyM Amh{g. Aem Vh{Z{ od, odoZo_Vr AmoU oZ_mVm m gd Zm`mZr Vy odmbm AV]m `m[yZ amohbm Amh{g. Vwbm eVe Z_H$ma Agm{V. 8) ^yVm_m $& ^yVm_Z{ Z_ $& gd mUr_mmZm g{aUm X{`mgmR>r `m`m AV`m_r ( d ]mh{agwm) dmg H$aUmam Am_m hUO{ AodZmer H$mbmVrV Vd. m Vw`m H$`mUH$mar AoVdmZ{M EH$m_Vm AmoU CXmmVm odmV AdV$ eH$V{. Vwbm AVH$aU[ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. 9) ^yV^mdZ $& ^yV^mdZm` Z_ $& [M_hm^yVm_`{ dJrH$V H{$b{`m odmVrb gdmMm-AJXr AUw-a{Uw- AdH$me-H$mi-OmoUdmM{ od B`mXr-gdmMm C[H$Vm Vy Amh{g. `m_wi{ ghZ{ && 19 && 20. _m`mhr `{H$ H$VrMm H$Vm VyM Amh{g `m OmoUd{V _mP{ Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. [yVm_m [a_m_m M _w$mZm [a_m JoV $& A`` [wf gmjr j{km{@ja Ed M $&& 10) [yVm_m $& [yVm_Z{ Z_ $& ewV_ Am_m. Vy odmMm, `mVrb AUwa{UyMm H|$r^yV d gma$[ Agm oZ`Vm Amh{g d H$m{U`mhr `o$JV jwV{Mm [e Zg`mZ{ [odV_ Amh{g. gdm`m AV`m_r d ]mh{ahr AgyZhr `o$JV odH$mamZr AmoU odH$mamM{ _yi O{ "o'JwU `mZr ob Z Pm`mZ{ Vy gdm`m H$`mUmMm H$maH$ d gdl{> `m`XmVm Amh{g. `m >rZ{hr Vy [od Amh{g. Vw`m_`{ gddmMm odb` hm{Vm{, oMmdmr Vw`mMaUr brZ amhm{V d Vw`m MaUm_V[mZmZ{ ew, ]w d g_W hm{dm{V hr mWZm. 11) [a_m_m $& [a_m_Z{ Z_ $& gdm{ H$maH$ Vd. od, `mVrb ]Xb , `m ]Xbm_mJMr H$maU{ `m H$maUm_Yrb ]Xb, AVami, m gdmZm gm_mdUmam H$mi, m gdmZm H$d{V K{Umar ]wr d OmUrd, m gdmZm Vy dV_`{ gm_mdyZ K{Vb Amh{g AmoU Vy `mMm oZ`Vmhr Amh{g. gm`m odmMm BoVhmg dV_`{ gm_md`mZ{ Vwbm "BoVhmgmVrV' Ag{hr OmUU{ `m{` Amh{. H$maU `m_wi{ BoVhmgmda AmYmab{`m odMmaga`mMr _`mXm [> hm{D$ eH$V{. Vw`m AZwgYZmV Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. 12) _w$mZm [a_m JoV:$& _w$mZm [a_m` JV`{ Z_$& JVr hUO{ AI{aMr pWVr. AI{aM{ d H$m`_M{ AdWmVa. oOdmMr l{R>V_ AoV_ AdWm hUO{ ^JdVd$[ hm{U{. `o$JV Amem-AmH$mjm Amg$s- AhH$mamMr ]YZ{ Z> hm{D$Z Ord odm_H$ hm{Vm{. hr AdWm "_w$mdWm' d h{ Ord "_w$m_{' hUyZ Am{iIb{ OmVmV. oOdmM{ h{ EH$ H$maM{ pW`Va AgV{. oedm`, JVr hUO{ BpgVmdWm. g` h{M _w$mMr JVr d g`mVM _w$OZ AI{aMm H$m`_Mm odgmdm K{VmV hUyZ `o$JV jwVm Z> Pmb{`m odm_H$ Pmb{`m _hm`mM{ BpgV d [a_o` WmZ Vy Amh{g. Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 13) A`` $& A``m` Z_ $& `` hUO{ Zme [mdU{, pW`VarV hm{U{. ]XbU{. A`` hUO{ ]XbaohV. hUO{M pW`VarV Z hm{Umam. H$Yrhr Zme Z [mdUmam. AmYwoZH$ odkmZmZwgma, ghZ{ && 20 && 21. e$s-D$Om d [XmW Z> Z hm{Vm $[mVnaV hm{VmV. [aVw [m{H$ir, H$mi d OmnUdmZm IoMVM d{Ji{ oZ`_ Agm`bm hd{. `mM_mU{ `m`mV pW`Va{X{Irb H$_rV H$_rM Agm`bm hdr. AZ h{ Oa Ia Va H$mbmVrV d OmoUdm`m AVrV Agm Vy C[mr, pWVr, ]Xb, Zme `mZr ] ZgU{ dm^modH$ AZ VH$gJVhr Amh{. odMV`m_H$, goXmZX_` Aem AodZmer Bam, Vwbm AIS> oU[mV Agm{. 14) [wf & [wfm` Z_$& ""[wna e{V{ BoV [wf$& eara ZJarMm amOm, nH$dm ""[wam AmgrV BoV [wf'' f''odm[yduhr ApVdmV AgUmam qH$dm ""[ya`oV BoV [wf'' gd ApVdmbm [yUd X{Umam Agm. Wm{S>`mV, Am`wd}XmV dUZ H{$b{bm oMoH$gm H$a`mg `m{` [wf AmoU gm` VdkmZmVrb odm_H$ [wf VyM Amh{g. earam_`{ emnaarH$-_mZogH$ gwIXwImMm ^m{$m d odm_H$V{Z{ odmVrb gd ]m]tMm C[^m{$m VyM Amh{g. gwI-XwImXr $i{ d `m_wi{ `{Umam AhH$ma dm `yZVm `$sZ{ dVH$S>{ K{U{ h{ AkmZ Amh{. `m_mU{ oboh`mgmaIm H$VrMm H$Vm hmV ZgyZ _|Xy AgVm{ h{ Am[U g_OyZ K{Vm{ `mM_mU{ earam`m gd `m[mamMm H$Vm earam[ydu hm{Vm, eara AgVmZm AmV d ]mh{a Amh{ d ZVahr amhrb d odm_H$hr Amh{. `m_mU{ dmXim_`{ EImm oIS>H$sM Xma CKS>b hUyZ oIS>H$sM Xma h{ H$Vm ]ZV Zmhr AmoU dmXi h{ oIS>H$s[waV gro_Vhr ahmV Zmhr, `mM_mU{ eara-_Z B`mXt`m _m$V hm{Um`m oH$`m d `mM{ $i AmoU odm{[mrgma`m oH$`m d d `mM{ $i `mMm H$Vm d ^m{$m earam[waVm d`o$H$ AhH$mam[waVm qH$dm H{$di ]m ^moVH$ odm[waVm gro_V ahmV Zmhr. h{ AJr o^Zb{ H$s Am_kmZ hm{V{. Vwbm _Z[ydH$ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 15) gmjr$& gmojU{ Z_$& "gmjmV >mna gmjr `mX qH$dm "g Ajr' gd oH$`mMm H$maH$ d kmVm [U `m`mV $T>mWmZ{ `j ^mJ Z K{Umam gd MamMam`m MbZdbZ AmoU ApVdmMm gmjrXma. I`m gmjrdmgmR>r AV]m gma{ AUwa{Uy `m[md{ bmJV{. OmoUdm`m VamVhr Agmd{ bmJV{. VabV_ Aem ApVdmoedm` ( O{ $T> oZ`_mV ]gV Zmhr) h{ e` Zmhr. H{$di VyM Aem Vh{Z{ AgUmam d gd [mhUmam gmjr Amh{g. [>rH$aUmgmR>r [m{H$irM{ CXmhaU K{Vm `{Bb.[m{H$ir dVybm AmoU oV`m AUwa{UyZmhr AV]m `m[V{. [U $T>mWmZ{ dVy AmoU AUwa{UyVrb oH$`m_`{ [m{H$ir `j ^mJ K{V Zmhr. Vwbm odZ_ oU[mV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 21 && 22. 16) j{k & j{km` Z_$& j{ hUO{ eara. `$sM{ d odmM{ eara d `m`m AV]m KS>Uma{ gma{ H$mhr OmUUmam. AmYwoZH$ odkmZmZwgma OJmM kmZ Bo`m_m$V hm{V Agb Var Bo`{, _mmVVy, _mm[{er mVb{ H$m{Urhr OmUUma{ ZmhrV. earam`m AV]m ApVdm`m gm`m [mVirdarb KS>m_m{S>r AmoU odmVrb oH$`mMm Iam kmVm AmoU MV`_` Ba Vy Amh{g. Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. 17) Aja $& Ajam` Z_ $& Zme Z [mdUmam. H$Yrhr Z KQ>Uma{, Z g[Uma{ Ag{ oH$mb]moYV [a] VyM Amh{g. OmoUdmM{ C`Z Pm`mZVa "d' M{ Ia{ $[ hUyZ `mbm Am_kmZr bm{H$ Am{iIVmV V{ AodZmer ] VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. `m{Jm{ `m{JodXm Z{Vm YmZ[wf{a$& Zmaqghd[w lr_mZ H{$ed [wfm{m_$&& 18) `m{J $& `m{Jm` Z_ $& `m{J hUO{ OwiU{, EH$Ord hm{U{, EH$d [mdU{, `m{JmM{ F$UmZw]Y, H$mi`m{J, Xd`m{J Ag{hr AW Amh{V. H$_~o`{, kmZ|o`{, _Z, ]wr, AhH$ma B`mXr`m KS>m_m{S>ter hUO{ "d`o$H$ d'er oZJS>rV amhVm amhVm m [mVird$Z `$sM{ ApVd doH$ _ybd$[mer OmoUd{Z{ AmoU dmVodH$[U{ oZJS>rV hm{`m`m oH$`{g d AdW{g `m{J hUVmV. `m{JogrMr AdWm m hmdr `mgmR>r o^ o^ H$Vr`m d dmr`m AoYH$mar `$sZm $T> H{$b{`m d d{Jd{J`m gmYZmZr doeQ>[yU ]Zb{`m `m oH$`{`m ododY H$mamZm ^o$`m{J, kmZ`m{J, amO`m{J, H$_`m{J, b``m{J B`mXr ZmdmZr Am{iIVmV. hr AdWm d hr oH$`m VyM Amh{g. `mM_mU{ IJm{bmM{ 27 dm 28^mJ H{$b{ OmVmV `mZmoh `m{J hUVmV. Wm{S>`mV EH$dmZ{ gdg_agyZ Agb{bm d q[S>-]mS>m_Yrb Xwdmhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 19) `m{JmodXm Z{Vm $& `m{JodXm Z{{ Z_$& `m{JodX hUO{ `m{J OmUUma{, `m{Jr, `m{JmMm`. `m `m{Jr OZmMm Z{Vm, _mJXeH$, {aH$ Vy Amh{g. Vg [mohb Va gm`m odmMmhr Vy oZ`Vm Amh{g. [U Vm{ A`j[U{. AkmZr OZmZm `mM{ ^mZ ZgV{. V{ dV`m _`moXV, gHw$oMV, AmoeH$ d Za ApVdmbm [yU, oMaVZ AmnU l{>V_ g_OyZ gHw$oMV h`mg d Amem - AmH$mjm_`{ ]{^mZ[U{, mVdmb[U{ qH$dm Aghm`[U{ dmdaV AgVmV. [aVw ghZ{ && 22 && 23. `m{Jr bmm{H$mM{ Vg{ ZgV{. _m`{`m Om{aXma dmhmVyZ Cgir K{D$Z V{ Hw$ebV{Z{ dV`m I`m emV d [yU "d' er VmXm` [mdb{b{ AgVmV. `m_wi{ `mM{ gd OrdZ, Vw`m {aUmZr `j[U{ oZ`oV hm{V AgV{. d Vw`m doH$ gH$[mZwgma KS>V AgV{ d `mMr `mZm [> AmoU gwIX OmUrd AgV{. OrdZmMr hr H$VH$` AdWm Vw`m gH$[mZwgma gdmZm m hm{dm{ hr _Z[ydH$ mWZm. Vwbm eVe oU[mV Agm{V. 20) YmZ[wf{a $& YmZ[wf{am` Z_ $& YmZ hUO{ _m`m, e$s, [wf hUO{ Ordm_m, Am_m. `$s dm MamMamVrb e$s Vd AmoU gmjr [wfd `mMm oZ`Vm Ba Vy Amh{g. Vwbm H$m{Q>r H$m{Q>r Um_ Agm{V. 21) Zmaqghd[w $& Zmaoghd[wf{ Z_ $& Za+qgh+d[w hUO{ AZwH$_{ _mUyg, qgh d eara, AmH$ma, $[ qH$dm gmX`. hUyZ Zmaqghd[w hUO{ AYm ZamMm d AYm qghmMm AmH$ma, eara Agb{bm hm odUwMm MdWm AdVma. MamMamVrb MV`mMm ([ewd, _mUwgH$s, Bad B.) gmjmH$ma hm{VmM dV`m jw ApVdmbm _mUyg _wH$Vm{.mMr oMVr Zmaqgh d oha`H$`[w`m H$W{Z{ `{V{. `m H$W{VyZ d Zmaqgh m ZmdmVyZ, h{hr H$iV{ H$s MamMamVrb Vw`m ApVdm`m (g`m`m)H$[Z{_wi{ V_m{JwUmZ{ d Amg$sZ{] Pmb{`mZm A`V ^rVr dmQ>V{. H$maU `mZm AhH$mamoedm` OJ`mMr H$[ZmM _hm^`H$a , Ag, Ae` dmQ>V{. _`yg_mZ dmQ>V{. Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. 22) lr_mZ & lr_V{ Z_$& lr gohV AgUmam. lr hUO{ b_r. b_r hUO{ E{` d odmVrb gm`m gOZerbV{Mr, {aH$e$sMr gm`m oJwUm_H$ d [M_hm^yVm_H$ odmMr _mVm, _yi_m`m, _hmb_r. Vy m b_rgohV AgVm{g. H$maU Vr Vw`m X`mV AgV{, Vw`mer g_ag AgV{M. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 23) H{$ed $& H{$edm` Z_ $& oZo_Vr, pWVr d ghma Vdm`mhr AVrV AWmV H$mbmVrV Ag{ Vd. `m_wi{ hr Vd{ oZX}oeV H$aUm`m ]m, odUy, _h{e `m oVhr X{dVm `m`m AYrZ Amh{V Agm. Xwg`m AWu H{$ed hUO{ H{$oeZm_m `m amjgmMm dY H$aUmam. A` gdgm_m` AWmZ{ gJwU $[m_`{ Cm_ H{$g Agb{bm. `m_wi{ gJwU $[mV gwXa ghZ{ && 23 && 24. AmoU Xwg`m AWu H$mbmVrVZ{ gd [medr-amjgr ]m]tMm ghma H$$ eH$Umam Vy Amh{g. Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 24) [wfm{m_ $& [wfm{m_m` Z_ $& [wfm{m_ hUO{ Cm_ qH$dm gdmV MmJbr `$s. gdmV MmJbm [wf h{ VwP{ $[ bm{H$ ^OVmV V{hm `mZm ZmoedV AmoU pW`VaUr` XohH$ [wfmhZ VwP{ ApVd oH$Vr CV_ Amh{ `mMr OmoUd hm{V{. Vw`m gdl{> Aem doH$ [m fmdmMr , dmo_dmMr Wm{S>r$ma H$[Zm `{V{. JrV{_`{, ""jam`m AVrV d AjamVhr gdm}m_ Ag`mZ{ _bm (Bambm) [wfm{m_ hUVmV'' Ag{ [>[U{ hQ>b{ Amh{. ([Yamdm A`m`). Aem Vh{Z{ gdM XQ>m Vy gdl{> [wf Amh{g. Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. gd ed oed WmUw^yVmoXoZoY``$& g^dm{ ^mdZm{ ^Vm ^d ^wara$&& 25) gd$& gd_ Z_$& gd odmVrb AUwwa{Uy Ag{ gd H$mhr. gd H$mhr `m`m Ama^m[ydu d ZmemZVa Vw`mV odbrZ hm{V{. H$maU MamMa`m Ama^m[yduM{ d AVmZVaM{ _yi d$[M Vy Amh{g. _mP{ Vwbm AZ` ^md{ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 26) ed & edm` Z_ $& [od, _Jb_`. Vy AodZmer d oH$mbmVrV Ag`mZ{ ^rVr, gH$Q>, Zme , da, ]YZ, B`mXt[mgyZ [yU[U{ _w$ Amh{g. `m_wi{ Vy Iam _Jb Amh{g. m[oMH$mMr gHw$oMV d OS> ]wr Vw`m _aUmV odemb, Vab d _Jb hm{V{. ApVdhr Vw`m _aUmV AodZmer d hUyZ _Jb hm{V{. H$me_`, g, d g[ hm{V{. _mP{ _VH$ AIS>[U{ Vw`mMaUr amhm{ hr mWZm. 27) oed $& oedm` Z_$& ew, kmZ_` d [odV_ Ag{ Vd. [od` hUO{ Am_kmZ. A[odVm hUO{ AkmZ qH$dm Am_kmZmMm odga d jwVm, gHw$oMVVm d ohV{Mm dmda, W_mZ. Vy oJwUmVrV, Am_kmZ_` d hUyZ ewV_, oed Amh{g. eara-_Z-]wr AhH$ma `mVyZ C[ hm{Uma{ _mP{ gma{ H$mhr Vw`m [m`mer g_o[V Agm{. 28) WmUw$& WmUd{ Z_$& am>gr_m XmIodUma{ V^ odemb >rZ{ [moh`mg odmMr AoV_ gr_m H{$di ghZ{ && 24 && 25. Vw`m_wi{M g_OV{. H$maU VyM AZmoX, AZV AmoU oMaVZ Amh{g. gma oJwUm_H$ od Vw`mVM Amh{. Vy H$mbmVrV Ag`mZ{ ^yV, dV_mZ ^od`mXr gm`m KQ>Zmhr Vw`mVM Amh{V. earam_H$Vm qH$dm X{h]wr AmoU jU^JwamVrb Amg$s g[yZ _mP{ gd bj Am_aJr d Am_$[r EH$mJ amhm{. Am_$[r Vwbm eVe Um_ Agm{V. 29) ^yVmoX $& ^yVmX`{ Z_$& gd ^yV _mmMm Ama^, CJ_. H$mbmVrV Agm Vy gdmMm Iam CJ_ Amh{g. EH$mM d{ir Wi H$mbmVrV AgUm`m, eara,_Z,]wr`m AV`m_r ahmUm`m d AZw^yVrZ{ OmUdUm`m Vwbm brZ^mdZ{Z{ dXZ Agm{. 30) oZoY $& qH$dm oZoYa`` $& oZoY``m` Z_$& H$Yrhr Z ]XbUmam oZYr. oZoY`V{ Ap_Z BoV oZoY$& odmVrb gwaojV d Jw Agm g[yU MV`mMm d E{`mMm WbH$mbmVrV, gy_mhZ gy_ d odembV_mhZhr odemb IoOZm Vy Amh{g. Vwbm WbH$mbmM{ Vg{M OS> MV`mM{ $T> oZ`_ ZmhrV. `m_wi{ Vy Z{h_rM [na[yU AgVm{g. Vw`mVyZ H$mhr H$mTy>Z K{Vb{ qH$dm ZdrZ H$emMr Vw`mV ^a KmVbr Ag{ H$YrM ZgV{. odb`H$mbrhr AodZmer, oMaVZ, d [na[yU Aem ApVdmZ{ Vy AgVm{gM. Vw`mg_m{a jU^Jwa odmVrb gma{ H$mhr VwN> Amh{. Vwbm _r H$m`m -dmMm -_ZmZ{ g_o[V Amh{. 31) g^d& g^dm` Z_ $& H$Q> hm{U{ qH$dm H$Q> H$aU{. MamMa g>rM{ AgU{ZgU{ `m_`{ I`m AWmZ{ d gdH$mir AgUmam d g>rma{ H$Q> oXgUmam VyM Amh{g. H$maU g^dUm`m gm`m ]m]tM{ AmXrH$maU, gmaVd AmoU m gd ]m]tZm gd oXemZr d ^yV ^od` H$mbmZr `m[Uma{ _hd VyM Amh{g. A` >rZ{, g[yU kmZ_` Aem AomdmZ{ [whm [whm AdVma K{Umam d odmbm M{VZm X{Umam [aVw AkmZmYH$mar oIV[V [mS>Uma{ d AkmZO` ^m{J ^m{JdUma{ O_ Z K{Umam ghOkmZr [a_m_m Vy Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 32) ^mdZ:& ^mdZm` Z_: & `{H$ KQ>Z{bm Cm_ [oaUm_ X{Umam. gd KQ>ZmH$_mMm CXJmVm d oZ`Vm Vy Amh{g. `m_wi{ `{H$ KQ>Zm Or AmOy]mOybm, `$r`m earamV oH$dm `$r`m ghZ{ && 25 && 26. H$adr KS>V{ ([wH$iXm `$r `m KQ>Z{M{ H$V}$[U dV:H$S{> K{V{) `mM{ _yi, H$maU d [oaUm_ h{ gd H$mhr Vy `m[b{b{ Amh{g. EdT{>M Zh{ [oaUm_mMm ^m{J K{Umamhr (`$r Zh{) VyM Amh{g. AhH$mamZ{M `$r H$V}[UmMr d gwIXw:Im`m Y$`mMr _mbH$ ]ZV{. Vw`m AV]m dmo_dmMr _bm gVV _Vr amhm{ d `m _VrV Vwbm eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 33) ^Vm & ^}Z Z_: & hUO{ [mbZ[m{fUH$Vm AmYma, T>m{]i_mZmZ{ [mhVm, [{erbm `m_mU{ [{erH|$ YmaU d oZ`oV H$aV{ Vgm oH$dm oOdV `$rbm X{hmVJV MV` Og{ AmYma^yV AgV{ (hUO{ `m`moedm` earamM{ H$b{da ]ZV{, _mVr ]ZV{) Vgm odmMm MV`Xm`r YmaUH$Vm AmYma Vy Amh{g. OS> M{VZ, `A` AmoU ^yV ^od`mXr gdm>Mm _ybmYma, gJm{[ZH$Vm d eo$XmVm Vy Amh{g. Vwbm AZ`^md{ oU[mV Agm{V. 34) ^d: & ^dm` Z_: & J^me`, oH$dm `m[mgyZ gma{ CJ_ [mdV{ Agm. [M_hm^yVm_H$ AmoU oJwUm_H$ od, M{VZm, AdH$me, H$mi d OmoUdmM{ Va h{ H$mhr O_mbm KmbUma{ (J^me`) Vy Amh{g. Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. 35) ^w: & ^d{ Z_: & H$Vw_, AH$Vw_ A`Wm H$Vw_ Ag{, AZwH$_{, H$a`mM{, Z H$a`mM{ d A` H$mhrhr H$a`mM{ dmV` Agb{bm. gd `m[r Aem AoVdmVrV AoVdmZ{ KS>U{ d Z KS>U{ `m`m AVrV d C[mr odZme `m oW`VamXa`mZhr Vy Amh{g. AV]m gma{ `m[Umam `$rM{ Ia{ d$[ Agm Vy d VwP{ _hmZ gm_` d dmo_d oZH$[Q> d ew ]wr`m ^$mZm OmUdV{. KS>U{ d Z KS>U{ EdT{>M Zh{, Va EH$mM d{ir AZ{H$ oR>H$mUr KS>U{ Vg{M OmUrd, H$mi, AdH$me d KQ>Zm `m`m Xa`mZ AZmH$bZr`[U{ g]oYV Agb{`m AJ` oH$`m KS>U{, `m gm`mM{ dm_rd Vw`m[mer Amh{ `mMr OmUrd d MrVr d`o$H$ [oa_mU{ g[VmM (Aembm [yU g_O`mMr JbV g[VmM) `{V{. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 36) Ba: & Bam` Z_: & B{> BoV Ba: & gma{ od hUO{ Vw`mda Adb]yZ Agb{`m hUO{ Vw`m[mgyZ C[ hm{D$Z Vw`mVM odbrZ hm{Um`m Vw`m C[mYr hm{V. AodZmer AmoU gdgmmYre Aem ghZ{ && 26 && 27. Vwbm _r odma dXZ H$aVm{. d`^y : e^wamoX`: [wH$amjm{ _hmdZ: & AZmoXoZYZm{ YmVm odYmVm YmVwm_ : && 37) d`^y : & d`^wd{ Z_: & H$m{U`mhr H$maUmZ{ Z KS>Umam, [oaUm_d$[ ZgUmam. Vy, H$maU{ [oaUm_ `m m`m AVrV Ag{ _hmH$maU Amh{g. A` AWmZ{, [amdmUr`m d OmoUdV{`m AVrV Aem `m _hmZ "OmUrd$[mV' Vy AgVm{g `m_`{ gma{ H$mhr odb` [mdV{ d Vy _m dV:VyZM CX^dyZ dV:VM amhVm{g AmoU [od d dV AoVdmZ{ oMaVZ, AgVm{g. Vwbm _Z:[ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. 38) e^w : & e^d{ Z_:& oed oed hUO{ gdm{ AmoU oMaVZ H$`mU_`, H$`mUH$mar. `m`m ^mdZm Vw`m_`{ H|$oV Pmb{`m AgVmV d OmoUdm Vw`mer g_ag Pmb{`m AgVmV, Vm{ Vw`m[mgyZ od^$ ahmV ZmhrV. `m`m _`moXV AoVdmV oW`Va hm{D$Z AoVdm`m gd Vamda Vm{ Vx[ hm{Vm{. `m`m OrdZmMr _yb^yV {aUm H{$di VyM AgVm{g. Vy `m`m OrdZmMm _ybmYma d V{Om{m{Vhr AgVm{g. `mbm h{ OmUdV{ Vm{ `m`m AV:H$aUmVyZ Vw`mer H$m`_M{ ZmV{ Om{S>Vm{ d AOam_a hm{Vm{. Aem `m ^$mbm XohH$ d `mdhmoaH$ Aer jU^Jwa gwIXw:I{ ^modV H$$ eH$V ZmhrV d Om{ H$m`_ Vw`m _aUmV [a_mZXr amhVm{ Vm{ ^$ AV]m [od hm{Vm{ d H$`mUH$mar hm{Vm{. Vwbm ghdma dXZ Agm{. 39) AmoX`: & AmoX`m` Z_: & AmoXVrMm [w, dm_ZmdVma. gy`_S>imVrb oha_` [wf. ]mam AmoX`m_`{ odUw. hr gmar gJwU $[{ VwP{ oZUm`H$ l{>d AmoU oZJwU _hd odeX H$a`mgmR>r dm[aVmV. gy` Ogm oH$aUm_wi{ AZ{H$d_` ^mgVm{ VgmM od$[r odVmamZ{ Vy AZV ^mgVm{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 40) [wH$amj :& [wH$amjm` Z_: & H$_imgmaI{ S>m{i{ Agb{bm. Vw`m oZJwU d oZamH$ma AoVdmer EH$ hm{`mMm _mJ hUO{ gd H$mhr ode{fV: AhH$ma Xw`_ R{>dyZ gJwUm{[mgZ{bm OrdZmV gdm}> WmZ X{U{. Zm__aU H$aU{ d Vw`m bm{H$odbjU gwXa gJwU _yVuMr [yOm H$aU{. H$_imgmaI{ gwXa S>m{i{ Agb{bm h{ VwP EH$ gJwU $[ Amh{. Xwg`m AWu H$_i ghZ{ && 27 && 28. hUO{ AmH$me. `m_wi{ gma{ od h{ `mM eara, od MV` gdk [a_m_m h{ `mM AV`m_ AmoU AdH$me d H$mi h{ `mM{ S>m{i{ Amh{V d `m S>m{imZr AV]m gma{ H$mhr Om{ [mhVm{ Agm Vy Amh{g. _mP{ gdd Vw`m MaUr brZ Agm{ d Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 41) _hmdZ: & _hmdZm` Z_: & _hmdZr H$aUmam oH$dm _m{R>m mg K{Umam. odm`m C[mrM{ [ohb{ oMh oH$dm [ohbm AodH$ma < `m dZrZ{ gyoMV hm{Vm{. `$r_`{ [amdmUrM{ WmZ ]|]r Amh{. h{ WmZ AZw^dmZ{ R>adb{b{ Amh{. `$r`m `o$dm`m AodH$mamMr gwdmV `{WyZ A`V gy_V_ dZrZ{ hm{Vm{. emaroaH$ mhr ]|>]r hmM _mJMr o[T>r d [wT>`m o[T>r_Yrb Xwdm AgVm{. `o$OrdZm`m CJ_mM{/ _ybmYmamM{ `$ d$[ AgV{. Wm{S>`mV gm`m odm`m AodH$mamMm d `o$`m AmodH$mamMm CJ_, `mMmhr CJ_ d H$Vm Vy Amh{g. `m eX ]mMr [ohbr km_` OmUrd hUO{ d{X. d{X hUO{ kmZ hUO{ VwPm oZ:mg, VwPm hwH$ma. hUyZ Vwbm AmoXJwhr hUVmV. Vwbm gdd A[U Agm{ d Vw`mMaUr odZ_ oU[mV Agm{V. 42) AZmoXoZYZ : & AZmoXoZYZm` Z_: & O__`yaohV. O_ d _`y m ]m]r AmH$maH$mamXr _`mX{Vrb dVyH$oaVm AgVmV. Vy gdVm{[ar, gd oXemZm, gd H$mbm_`{ [gab{bm d gy_V_ AmoU odembV_ Amh{g. `m_wi{ Vy AoVd d Zme `m`m AVrV Amh{g. `m_wi{ AmoU Vy OmoUd{`m AmoU AoVdm`mhr gd VamV EH$mM d{ir Ag`mZ{M Vwbm O_ d _`y Zgb{bm AZmoXoZYZ: hQb{ Amh{. Vw`m MV`_` MaUr AIS> Um_ Agm{V. 43) YmVm & Ym{ Z_: & AmYma X{Umam. VyM Iam{Ia gdm>`m AVaJmMm `m`m gddmMm _ybmYma Amh{g. gm`m ` AmoU A` odmM{ _ybVd> d _ybmYma Amh{g. Vy odmbm gd ]mOyZr d gdVm{[ar AmYma X{Vm{g. Vw`m EH$_{doVr` dmo_dm`m _aUmV Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 44) odYmVm & odYm{ Z_: & H$_mM{ $b X{Umam. `mMm AW `{H$ KQ>Zm oH$dm gJm`m H$m`H$maU ^mdm`m, ghZ{ && 28 && 29. ([XmW odkmZagm`Zemm`m) kmVAkmV oZ`_mMm oZ`Vm. gma{ KQ>ZmH$_ Vw`mV gm_mdb{b{ Amh{V. `m_wi{ [oaUm_mMm oZ`Vm Vy Amh{g. AkmZO` Xw:I d kmZO` _w$r d goXmZX `mMm H$Vmhr VyM Amh{g. _r Vwbm eaU Amh{. `$r hUyZ _mP{ gdd Vw`m gH$[mV odbrZ hm{dm{. Vwbm _mP{ Z_ Um_ Agm{V. 45) YmVww$m_ : & YmVwm_` Z_: & gdm}>m_ Agm oMV YmVy Vy Amh{g. hUO{M [dr, Am[, V{O, dm`y AmoU AmH$me `m odmbm AmYma X{Um`m YmVy[{jmhr gdm}m_ AmoU AodZmer Agm Agm YmVy Vy Amh{g. A` >rZ{ JwUdoe>g[ Ag{ AoVd YmaU H$aUmam Vm{ [XmW `m AWmZ{ gma{ od `m`m AoVd AmoU ghmamgH$Q> d JwUdoemgH$Q> YmaU H$aUmam [XmW oH$dm IamIwam oMaVZ YmVy Vy Amh{g. hUyZM VwP{ Zm__aU h{ _w$rM{ gmYZ d gm` Amh{ Vg{M ogVm Amh{. AmUIr EH$m AWmZ{ `$r`m emaroaH$ YmVwZm d `m_wi{ `o$_dmbm kmZmM{ d oMaVZ OmoUd{M{ AodZmer [oaUm_ X{Umam YmVy Vy Amh{g. VyM YmVyZmhr YmaU H$aUmam d AV]m O[Umam, gdl{> YmVy Vy Amh{g. Vwbm g_[U ^mdZ{Z{ _mP{ Um_ Agm{V. A_{`m{ frH{$e: [Zm^m{@_a ^w: & odH$_m _Zwd>m Wod> : Wodam{ Ywd: && 46) A_{`: & A_{`m` Z_: & `j, A`j C[_m dJa{ H$m{U`mhr H$ma{ _{`mV ]gdyZ og H$aVm Z `{Umam. Vy H$m{U`mhr gX^ MmH$Q>rV ]gdyZ AZw^dmg `{V Zmhrg. Vy Wi, H$mi, OS>, M{VZ `mV AV]m AmoU `m`m AVrVhr AIS>[U{ AgVm{g d ]woJ` Zmhrg. H{$di Vx[ hm{D$ZM VwP{ H$V}[U X`mbm o^Sy> eH$V{. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 47) ofH{$e : & ofH{$em` Z_: & ofH$m hUO{ kmZ{o`{ d Be hUO{ Ba. gd kmZ|o`mMm d `m`m H$VrMm dm_r Vy Amh{g `m gmW OmoUd{Z{ AkmZO` Ah^md H$_r hm{D$ eH$Vm{. Vx[Vm `{D$ eH$V{. ofH$m `mMm A` AW oH$aU. M{VZmXm`r d kmZXm`r oH$aUmZr odmbm MV` X{Umam d OmoUdV{M{ od kmZmZ{ g_ H$aUmam MV`gy` d kmZgy` Vy Amh{g. od$[mMm AmodH$ma H$aUmam d H$[mVr V{ dV:V gm_mdyZ K{Umam ghZ{ && 29 && 30. oZJwUoZamH$mahr Vy Amh{g d f hUO{ Hw$ai{ H{$g Agb{bm odbjU gwXa gJwU Bahr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm ^md[yU oU[mV Agm{V. 48) [Zm^: & [Zm^m` Z_: & g` d gm_`mM{ VrH$ Ag{ H$_i gJwU $[m_`{ `m`m ]|]rVyZ CJdVmZm XmIdb{ OmV{ Agm. m H$_imV ]X{d XmIdVmV. H$maU H$_i hUO{ OrdZmMm oMaVZ _yim{V AmoU Mma_wIr ]X{d hUO{ _Z, ]wr, oMm AmoU AhH$ma `mZr ]ZUma{ AV:H$aU MVw`. Vy `$s`m ]|]r_YyZ hUO{ [amdmUrVyZ AV:H$aU MVwmMm d AmXr [wfm`m ]|>]rVyZ ]X{dmMm d g>rMm CJ_ H$aVm{g hm _oWVmW. `o$OrdZmMm _yi Jm^m ]|>]r`m WmZr AgVm{. V{WyZ [am, [`Vr, _`_m d dImar m Mma dmUt`m ma{ (Mma_wIr ] X{dmH$Sy>Z)> kmZodmMm AmodH$ma hm{Vm{. `{H$ `$r`m X`r AgUmam Hy$Q>W odUy d `m`m ]|$]rVyZ C[ hm{Um`m kmZodmMr oV_m o[S>r V{ ]mS>r `m VdmZ{ odoZ_m`m`m dUZmgmR>r dm[abr Amh{. Vwbm _mP{ gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 49) A_a^w: & A_a^d{ Z_:& VH$gJV odMmamZ{ [mhVm gOrdm[{jm d{Jim Vamda dmdaUmar Ag` gOrd AoVd AgU{ d Vr MS> H$mi oQ>H$U{ ( d hUyZ A_a hQ>br OmU{) d `mMm AVto` AZw^d hm{U{ h{ Ag`wo$H$ Zmhr. `mM_wi{ Vwbm A_a X{dmMm dm_r hQ>b{b{ Amh{. H$maU Vy `mMmhr oZ`Vm d gdmWmZr A_a Amh{g. JrV{_`{ VwP{ dUZ AjamXo[Mm{m_: Ag{ Amh{. ([Yamdm A`m`). Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmZ Agm{. 50) odH$_m & odH$_U{ Z_: & od h{ `mM{ H$_ Amh{ Agm. `o$JV [mVirdarb ^mdZm, odMma, kmZ, AZw^yVr `mMm H$maH$ AmoU doH$ [mVirdarb MamMamVrb AZVm`m CXmm dmgmMm H$maH$hr VyM Amh{g. H$maU OmoUdmM{ od AmoU BVa `m` od mMm H$Vm VyM Amh{g. [aVw A[yU ^mgUm`m H$m{U`mhr ` ]m]rZr Vwbm A[yUd `{V Zmhr ; H$maU Vy `mM{ oMaVZ Wm`r d$[ Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 51) _Zw : & _Zd{ Z_: & _ZZerb d _. AMyH$ doH$ _ZmZ{ d _Zm{X`mZ{ odgH$[ gmH$ma H$aUmam. Vg{M _m`m^mgm`m. AkmZmYH$mar b`mVyZ `m{oV_` OrdZmdW{`m gm_`Xm`r kmZmZw^yVrH$S{> Z{>Umam. VwP{ _aU AIS> amhm{ d Vw`mMaUr brZ^md{ Z_H$ma ghZ{ && 30 && 31. Agm{. 52) d>m & d>{ Z_: & oW`VamMm oZ`Vm d gma{ `m` od ghmaH$mbr dV:_`{ gy_moVgy_ ]rO$[mV odbrZ H$aUmam. Vwbm eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 53) Wod>: & Wod>m` Z_: & gd WbH$mbgm[{j _m[XS>m`m AVrV Ag`mZ{ gy_ AgVmZmM gd`m[r, gdg_md{eH$ Agm _m{RmV _m{R>m, AoV_hmZhr Agb{bm. Vy AZV d A_`mX Amh{g, `mMr _bm Z{h_r AmR>dU amhm{ d Vw`mMaUr odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 54) Wodam{ Ywd: & Wodam` Ywdm` Z_: & hUO{ [wamVZ d AMb. H$mimVrV, H$mimhyZhr gy_ AmoU H$mim`m C[mr`mhr AmYr[mgyZ odbjU AoVdmZ{ AgUmam d odO{Mm dmh Ogm AoVd{JdmZ Ag`mZ{ AMb ^mgVm{ Vgm AMb ^mgUmam, odmMm AmYma Vy Amh{g. Am_kmZ d Vx[V{Mm H$maH$hr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ Z_ Um_ Agm{V. AJm: emV: H$Um{ bm{ohVmj: VXZ: ^yVoH$Hw$Ym_ [od _Jb [a_ && 55) AJm: & AJmm` Z_: & AZmH$bZr`. `m_mU{ doS>bm`m ]maembm _wbJm OmD$ eH$V Zmhr. `mM_mU{ kmZ|>o`{, H$_~o`{, VH$, $]wr, _Z, odMma, ^mdZm, OmUrd, kmZ `mMm H$maH$ Agm Vy `m[H$r H$m{U`mhr _mJmZ{ gHw$oMV AoVd d{Ji{ R{dyZ OmUbm OmD$ eH$V Zmhrg. _mP{ gdd Vw`mM _mbH$rM{ Amh{ m OmoUd{V Vwbm _mP{ oU[mV Agm{V. 56) emV: & emVm` Z_: & eV ^dVroV emV : & gd H$mbr AgUmam. VwP{ AoVd [oaUm_d$[ Zmhr. H$maU$[ Amh{. [U $T>mWmZ{ [oaUm_aohV Amh{. `m_wi{ V{ AoVd $T> ZgyZ odbjU Amh{. `m_wi{ Vy ^yV^od`dV_mZmVrV oZaVa Amh{g. AVW AgUm`m Vw`m emV AoVdmMr hUO{M I`m ddmMr _bm Z{h_r AmR>dU amhm{ d Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. ghZ{ && 31 && 32. 57) H$U : & H$Um` Z_: & H$e hUO{ oMaH$mbrZ, gV, d Z hUO{ AmZX. hUyZ H$U hUO{ oMXmZX. H$U hUO{ H$mebhat`m AVrV d MV`_` hUyZ da[mJr H$mim oXgUmam [U Iam{Iar H$memMm H$me AgUmam. H$U hUO{ AhH$mar [moS>` d kmZ `m_Yrb [S>Xm. H$U hUO{ AI{a gma{M dV:_`{ gm_md`mMr odembVm AgUmam, AmH$fUmMr _hme$r AgUmam. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Zgm{V. 58) bm{ohVmj : & bm{ohVmjm` Z_: Vm]Sm H$_im_mU{ Vm]S{> S>m{i{ Agb{bm, Ag Vw`m gJwU$[mM dUZ Amh{. H$maU Vy Am_`mVrb hrZd, ZrMd, jwd B`mXt>M{ H$m{Ym`_mZ Z{mZr ^_ H$aVm{g d CXmmV{`m CmwJ oeIamda Amhmbm [m{MdVm{g. _mP{ gdd Vw`m H$m`mV C[`m{Jr R>am{ d Vw`mMaUr _mP{ Ao^dmXZ amhm{. 59) VXZ: & VXZm` Z_: & hUO{ C d VX hUO{ Zme. Vy odmbm [whm ]rO_` AoVdmV em{fyZ K{Umam Amh{g. _m`m ^mdZm H{$di Vw`mer oZJoS>V amhm{V d _mP{ Vwbm ^md[yU dXZ Agm{. 60) ^yV: & ^yVm` Z_:& [oa[yU. H$[ZmVrV, [oaUm_mVrV "[oaUm_mZr' `w$ Agm Vy gd [mVimda (OmoUd{`m d AoVdm`m) gmm JmOdVm{g. [ydu AoVdmV Agb{`m, AmO AoVdmV Agb{`m AmoU [wT{> A>oVdmV `{Um`m Aem gm`m Cm_m{m_ ]m]tda VwPr gmm Amh{. AdVrU hm{U{, AdVma H$m` H$aU{ h{ [by AgUm`m Vw`m R>m`r _Z d ]wr oWa amhm{ d Vw`mMaUr AIS> X>S>dV amhm{. 61) oH$Hw$Ym_ & oH$Hw$Ym_{ Z_: & hUO{ odm`m VrZ ^mJmM{ oZdmgWmZ, Aml`WmZ. dJ, _`y , [mVmi gd, aO, V_ Pm{[, d[, OmJVr dmV , o[m, H$$ F$d{X, `Owd}X, gm_d{X ^yV, ^od`, dV_mZdmr, _`_ oZdmr B`mXtZr g_ odmM{ gmagdd, BogV AoV_ `{` d Aml`WmZ VyM Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 62) [od & [odm` Z_: & ewV_. Vy gm`m ew ]m]tMm H$maH$hr Amh{g. _>m F$ft`m _m`m ghZ{ && 32 && 33. _wimerhr VyM Amh{g. `mM_mU{ [od hUO{ dO hUO{ BmM{ e AmoU m`V{ hUO{ ajU H$aUmam. B hUO{ _Z. hUyZ AV:H$mer AoVdmZ{ _Zm`m gH$[odH$[m[mgyZ Am_M{ ajU H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 63) _Jb [a_ & _Jbm` [a_ Z_: & AkmZ_ybH$ Xw:IZme H$$Z AV:H$aUmV hf C[ H$aUmam. VwP{ _aU, oMVZ, _ZZ, oZoX`mg, dUZ, ldU, dmMZ `m_wi{ o_Y{[Um, Xw]i{[Um, XwoV[Um, JmOb{[Um, oI[Um, Aghm`[Um, Xw:Ir[Um, o^{[Um, gHw$oMV[Um, B`mXtMm Zme hm{D$Z AmZXmMr mr hm{V{. Vwbm _mP{ dXZ Agm{. BemZ : mUX: mUm{ `{> : l{>: Om[oV: oha`J^m} ^yJ^m} _mYdm{ _YwgyXZ:&& 64) BemZ : & BemZm` Z_: & dV:`m gd`m[r gH$[mM{ oZ`_Z d H$Q>Z H$aUmam gdl{> Ba. AV]m gm`m KS>m_m{S>tM{ oZ`U H$aUm`m Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 65) mUX : & mUXm` Z_: & gm`m odm`m d VXVJV m`m`m mUmMmhr mU. Wi, H$mi, oWVr, OmUrd B`mXt`m gd VamMm mUXmVm _yi M{VZmm{V Aem Vwbm _m{OUmar _m{O[>r >Zmhr. Vw`m H$[{Z{ mUm`m_ amO`m{JmXr _mJmZr VwPr MrVr `{V{ AmoU OrdZmM{ oMaVZ gmagdd EH$_{d VyM Amh{g `mMr Imr [Q>V{. Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. 66) mU : & mUm` Z_: & moUoV BoV mU : & m`mbm YmaU H$aUmam. Vy m`mZm hUO{M OrdZmbm YmaU H$aVm{g d `o$gm[{j d `o$oZa[{j AmoU H$mbgm[{j d H$mboZa[{j OrdZMV`mMm AZVaJr AmodH$ma H$aVm{g. Vw`m_`{ g_ag hm{`m`m EH$_{d >rZ{ Vwbm AIS> XS>dV Agm{. 67) `{> : & `{>m` Z_: & H$mbmVrV Ag`mZ{ `{> hUO{ d`mZ{ gdmoYH$. VwP{ d` JUZ{`m AVrV Amh{. Vw`m AOam_a AZV AoVdmM{ AZwgYmZ d MaUr oeagm>mJ oU[mV ghZ{ && 33 && 34. amhm{. 68) l{> : & l{>m`Z_: & l{`:, l{` d l{> hUO{ _hmZ, _hmZVa d _hmZV_ AmZXKZ. AoVd d OmoUd{`m gd VamZm Vy gdm}m_ Amh{g. `{H$ jUr VwP{ _aU amhm{ d VwPr mr h{ EH$_{d CoX> OmUdV amhm{. Vwbm Z_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 69) Om[oV: & Om[V`{ Z_: & odm_`{ AoVdmV `{`m`m, CX^d`m`m oH$`{Mm d hUyZ, CX^dUm`m `{H$ dVw_m, [XmWmMm dm_r AoY[Vr VyM Amh{g.Og hUO{ _wb{. odmVrb AUwa{Uy VwPr Om d Vy o[Vm Amh{g. Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. 70) oha`J^:& oha`J^m` Z_: & oha` hUO{g gwIXm`H$, gwdUm_mU{ em{o^dV AmoU V{O:[wO Ag{ od. J^ hUO{ Jm^m. ], ]mS> d ]kmZmMm H$Vm ]X{d. gm{Z{ar AmoU gwIX jUmMm oZ`Vm. Vy AZw^yVrMm H$Vmhr Amh{g. A` >rZ{ [moh`mg gma{ od AmoU `mMr gdm} AZw^yVr h{ gma H$mhr VwP{ J^ Amh{. Vwbm eVe: Um_ Agm{V. 71) ^yJ^ : & ^yJ^m` Z_: & AoVdmMm Jm^m. [drMm Jm^m d mVm Vy Amh{g. A` AWmZ{, gma{ AoVd hm Vy gdb{bm J^ Amh{. AmUIr EH$m >rZ{ odm_H$ X{dmb`mM{ AVJh oH$dm Jm^mam Vy Amh{g. gdmV`m_r _hmgm{Z{ dmdaUm`m Vwbm eVe: Um_ Agm{V. 72) _mYd: & _mYdm` Z_: & _m`{Mm [Vr. oed d e$rVrb oed. Vg{M N>Xm{` C[oZfXmV dUZ H{$b{`m _Ywod{`m AmMaUmZ{ hm{Umam gmjmH$ma Vy Amh{g. _m_mZ, Y`mZ AmoU d `m{J Agmhr _mYd `m eXmMm AW H{$bm OmVm{. H$maU `m _mJmZr _Zm{b` ( d`o$H$ dmWu$ gHw$oMVV{Mm g[yU odZme) hm{D$Z `$rbm doH$ AoVdmMr Or >r d MrVr `{V{ Vm{ VyM Amh{g. goXmZX_` Vwbm oZaVa Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 73) _YwgyXZ: & _YwgyXZm` Z_: & _Yw d H$Vm^ `m amjgmZm R>ma H$aUmam (_hm^maV). _ybV: _Yw `mMm AW H$_od[mH$, H$_$i , H$_mMm [oaUm_ B`mXr. Vy dV: H$aUmam, H{$b{b{, H$aU{, H$m` `m`m AVrV Amh{g. `m_wi{ H$_$bmXt`m dmgZm, H$_$bVrMm ghZ{ && 34 && 35. AmR>dUr B`mXr gd ]H$maH$ OmoUdm[mgyZ ZgoJH$[U{M _w$ Amh{g d Vw`m ^$mZm Vy _w$ H$aVm{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. Bam{ odH$_r Ydr _{Ymdr odH$_: H$_: & AZwm_m{ XwamYf: H$Vk: H$oVam_dmZ && 74) Ba: & Bam` Z_: & oH$`me$r, BN>me$r AmoU kmZe$r `mMm CJ_ Agm gdgmmYre dm_r. Vw`m MrVrZ{ d$[mMr OmU d gm_` o_iV{. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 75) odH$_r & odH$o_U{ Z_: & odH$_r hUO{ gdl{> eo$dmZ, gd g_md{eH$. VwP{ [mD$b od `m[V{ `m AWmZ{ VwP dm_ZmdVmam`m $[mV dUZ H{$b Amh{. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 76) Ydr & Yod`{ Z_: & emaJ h{ (odUyM{) YZw` YmaU H$aUmam odUy d am_. A` >rZ{ $gdmV]m amhyZ od h{M YZw` [{byZ `M{Vrb e$rZ{$ AV]m MV`mM{ gd m{V oZ`oV H$aUmam H$`mUH$mar Ba VyM Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 77) _{Ymdr & _{YmodZ{ Z_: & hUO{ gV]wog[. kmZmMr AoY>mr (X{dr, e$r, {aUm) Vw`m AoH$V Amh{. Vw`m ^$rZ{ _Z d ]wr [od d `m`r ]ZV{. Vwbm Z_ Um_ Agm{V. 78) odH$_: & odH$_m` Z_: & KQ>ZmM{ H$_ oZ`oV H$aUmam, gd gMaUmam. od. hUO{ [`mMm amOm J$S>. hUyZ J$S> dmhZ Agb{bm gd gMmar odUy Aghr VwP dUZ H$aVmV. A` AWmZ{ od hUO{ Ordm_m$[r [jr AmoU eara hUO{ o[Oam. hUyZ Am`mma{ gd odhaUmam Bahr Vy Amh{g.Vwbm eVe: oU[mV Agm{V. 79) H$_: & H$_m` Z_: & gd gMma H$aUmam. MV`_` ]rO$[mVyZ odmMm AmodH$ma hm{U d [whm MV`_` ]rOmV odb` hm{U h{ gma H$mhr VyM Amh{g. `mM_mU{ `$r`m AVaJmVrb d{XkmZ d gmjmH$ma VyM Amh{g. Vwbm eVe: dXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 35 && 36. 80) AZwm_ : & AZwm_m` Z_: & Aod_mZ Cm_m{ `_mV & `mhyZ AoYH$ Cm_ H$mhrhr Zmhr Agm. Vw`m Cm_V{_wi{ VwP{ _aU H$`mUH$mar hm{V{. Vwbm _mP{ odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 81) XwamYf: & XwamYfm` Z_: & `mda Hw$Urhr _mV H$$ eH$V Zmhr Agm. Vw`m MV`_` AoVdmbm AkmZ, gHw$oMVVm, dmgZm, odH$ma, OS>Vm [eyhr eH$V ZmhrV. Vw`m gmjmH$mam_wi{ d H$[{_wi{ Aem X`mda odO` m hm{Vm{. Vwbm Z_ Um_ Agm{V. 82) H$Vk : & H$Vkm` Z_: & O{ KS>b{b Amh{ Vr H$Vr. hUyZ gdmV`m_r m AoVdmZ{ gd H$Vr OmUUmam. A` AWmZ{ od hr VwPr H$Vr Ag`mZ{ H$VkV{Z{ `mM{ Z{h_r _aU H$amd{ Agm. VwPr AmR>dU oZKVmM VwPm AodH$ma hm{Vm{. H$maU VwP{ _aU, VwP{ AgU{ d VwPm AmodH$ma h{ gd gwgbJ Amh{. Vwbm ^o$[ydH$ Ao^dmXZ Agy X{. 83) H$oV: & H$V`{ Z_: & H$m`, KQ>Zm. `{H$ oH$`{M{ gmaVd d `{H$ KQ>Z{bm (_mZdr AoVdmgH$Q>) oVMm odZme ( hUO{ T>m{]i AoVdm`m AVrV Ag AoVd), AgVm{. hUyZ H$Vr_mJrb gH$[, H$VrMr oH `m, H$VrM H$maU, H$VrMm [oaUm_, H$VrMm odZme Ag H$Vrer g]oYV gma H$mhr Vy Amh{g. H$oV: m eXmV h{ gd gm_mdb{b{ Ag`mZ{ Vwbm H$oV: hUVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 84) Am_dmZ & Am_dV{ Z_: & ddm[mgyZ H$Yrhr odMobV Z hm{Umam d H$Yrhr d{Jim Z hm{Umam, hUyZ Vwbm Am_dmZ hUVmV. oH$mbm]moYV, AodZmer, Am_Vd_` Agm Vy AIbZerb AoVdmZ{ MamMamV od_mZ AgVm{g. d`o$H$ jwdmVyZ ]mh{a `{VmM Aod{Mm [S>Xm Xya hm{D$Z VwP{ XeZ hm{V{. Vwbm eVe: gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. gwa{e: eaU e_ oda{Vm : Om^d: & Ah: gdgam{ `mb: ``: gdXeZ:&& 85) gwa{e: & gwa{em` Z_: & gwx> amoV XXmoV BoV gwa: & gwa: hUO{ X{d. X{dmMm oH$dm gV[wfmMm Be Vm{ gwa{e. V[wfmM{ H$_X{Irb ghZ{ && 36 && 37. Vw`m[mgyZM CX^dV{ d Vw`mH$Sy>Z oZ`oV H{$b{ OmV{. `m`m gH$_m`m BN{>Mm A_V_` {aUmm{V AmoU `mM{ gH$_hr Vy Amh{g. Aem Vh{Z{ X{dX{dVmMm (`m oZgJmVrb ododY e$r d ododY OmoUdm`m [mVirdarb `$t`m e$r Amh{V) dm_r d H$VmH$aodVm Ba Vy Amh{g. Vwbm gmXa Um_ Agm{V. 86) eaU & eaUm` Z_: & Xw:oIVmM Ia Aml`WmZ, kmZ_`, MV`_` d [oaUm_mVrV Agm AV`m_r dgUmam VyM H{$di emV AmZX d gm_` X{Vm{g. `m_wi{ VyM EH$_{d d Ia{ AmemWmZ Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ AmXa[ydH$ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 87) e_ & e_U{ Z_: & e_Z hUO{ gwI, AmerdmX oH$dm Ka. gwI, gmdZm d H$`mU X{Uma{ Aml`WmZ VyM Amh{g. H$maU V_` hm{U{ hr oMaVZ odlmVrMrAmZXmMr AdWm Amh{. Vwbm _mP{ _Z:[ydH$ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 88) oda{Vm : & oda{Vg{ Z_: & oda{V hUO{ odmM{ ]rOm$[r odYmZ. gma OJ Vw`m[mgyZ CX^dV hUyZ Vwbm oda{V hUVmV. Xwg`m AWmZ{ `$rM{ MV` Am{Om[mgyZ dm dr`m_wi{ AgV{ Vg{ odmM{ MV` Vw`m_wi{ AgV{. hUyZhr Vy oda{V Amh{g. `mM_mU{ `$r d odmVrb l{> [amH$_mMm H$maH$hr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 89) Om^d: & Om^dm` Z_: & Om hUO{ O_, _wb{ B`mXtZm O_ X{Umam hUyZ Vwbm Om^d: hUVmV. O{ O{ H$mhr C[ hm{V V{ gma Vw`m[mgyZM d Vw`m gm{Z{ hm{V. `mdhmoaH$ gX^mV `$r`m eara AmoU _ZmVJV ododY KS>m_m{S>r CXm. aJgymM d JwUgymM doe[yU gKQ>Z, J^mdW{Vrb ododY oH$`m AmoU [wT{> O_mZVa`m H$Vr, ^md^mdZm, odMma m gm`mMm OZH$ AmoU oZ`Vm Vy Amh{g. _mVm d o[Vm `mZm X{d hUVmV V{ `mM{ Vw`mer Agb{b{ gmY` _aUmV amh`mgmR>r A`V _hdmM{ Amh{. Vwbm AZ`^md{ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 90) Ah: & Ah{ Z_: & AhZ hUO{ ohgm Z H$aUmam. Vg{M AhZ hUO{ oXdg. Vy ohg{`m, odZmem`m X{Irb AVrV Amh{g AmoU gm`m KQ>ZmH$_mZm gm_mdUmam, oZ`oV H$aUmam, ghZ{ && 37 && 38. H$me_mZ H$aUmam (oXdgH$miX{Irb) Amh{g. Vwbm eVe: dXZ Agm{. 91) gdga: & gdgam` Z_:& df. gm`m JVtMm oZ`H$ H$mi, H$mb_m[Z, H$mb_m[ZmMr ]wrOmUrd AmoU `mM_mU{ H$mbmVrV Agm H$mimMm dm_r Vy Amh{g Vw`m oMVZmZ{ ^yVH$mim`m ]{S>m d ^od`H$mimM{ Oy `mVyZ _w$Vm hm{V{. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{. 92) `mb: & `mbm` Z_: & `mb hUO{ Xw:gm`, gm[, $gdm _Zw`, dmK B`mXr. H$m{U`mhr H$ma{ g_O`mg AJ` Agm Vy Amh{g. _wbmZ{ doS>bmM{ ]mag{ [mhU{ Ae` Vg{M Vwbm Amhr Aod{ma{ OmUU{ Ae`. gJwU $[mV odmMm AmYma e{f (ZmJ), e$rMm (XwJ}Mm) AmYma d dmhH$ dmK, AmoU AkmZ, _m`m _m{h, Aodm `mMr AJ` brbm H$aUmam Vy _m`mdr Amh{g. Vwbm EH$mJ oMmmZ{ Um_ Agm{V. 93) `` : & ``m` Z_: & Ia{ k{`, kmVm d kmZ hr VrZhr R>m`r Agb{bm. hr VrZhr doe{ gdm}> AdW{VM `$r AZw^dy eH$V{. H$maU `m AdW{V OmU`mM{, OmUU{ d OmUUmam h{ VrZhr gdm}H$>, [a_m{ AgVmV. `m_wi{ Vwbm OmUU{ hUO{ Iar `jmZw^yVr, AoV_ kmZ d OmUUm`mM{ AoV_ [a_Ym_, hm `` AmUyZ X{Umam gXJwhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 94) gdXeZ: & gdXeZm` Z_: & gd [mhUmam. Vg{M gX^$mMr >r ew H$$Z `mZm dV:M{ ( d odmM{) `WmW d$[ OmUdyZ X{Umam. g` OmUdyZ X{Umam, g` [mhUmam d g` h{ gma{ VyM Amh{g. _r $$ jU^Jwa oZo_m Amh{. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. AO: gd}a: og: ogo: gdmoXa`wV: & dfmH$o[a_{`m_m gd`m{JodoZ: gV: && 95) AO: & AOm` Z_: & O_aohV. Vy O__aUm`m oW`VamVrV, WbH$mbmVrV, [oa_mUmVrV H$d`mdW{_`{ H$m`_ Amh{g. gHw$oMV OmoUd{`m D$dJm_r C`ZmZ{ Vw`m Aem AoVdmMr MrVr `{V{. hr MrVr _bm H$m`_ amhm{ d Vw`mMaUr ^md[yU Z_Z Agm{. ghZ{ && 38 && 39. 96) gd}a: & gd}am` Z_: & OS>, MV`, D$Om, AdH$me, H$mi, OmUrd B`mXr gdmMm dm_r, oZ`Vm. Vwbm eVe: dXZ Agm{. 97) og: & ogm` Z_: & Am_gH$[r odgH$[r Agm dV:og. H$maU Vw`m d$[mV ogrgmR>r gH$[ Ag{ V Zmhr. A` AWmZ{ [yUkmZr, MamMamMm AmYma, gm_`g[ d gdmWmZr [yU Agm Ag`mZ{ d VwP{ AoVd [oaUm_mVrV Ag`mZ{ VwP{ AoVd og H$aUma{ Ag{ A` H$m{UV{hr AoYH$ g` Vd Zmhr. d{Jim >rZ{ [moh`mg D$Om Oer Vab odemb [U EH$Ord AgV{ VgmM Vy gma{ od gmYUmam d dV: A^{[U{ d gwg] Agb{bm _hmZ gmYm Amh{g. Vwbm _Z:[ydH$ oU[mV Agm{V. 98) ogo: & og`{ Z_: & gm`m odmMr AoV_ l{>V_ AdWm d gdm} gm` Vy Amh{g d VwPr mr hUO{ gdl{>Vm, [yUd d ogr Amh{. hUyZM Vy AoV_ [yUmdWm, _m{j, A_a d A_`mX AmZX_` _hmogo Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ _Zm{^md{ Z_Z Agm{. 99) gdmoX $& gdmX`{ Z_ $& gdmMm Ama^. AZ{H$odY [na_mUm_`{ ApVdmV Agb{`m d [wT>{ ApVdmV `{Um`m Ag` H$[ZmVrV ]m]tM{ AoXH$maU VyM Amh{g. Ama^, pWVr, odZme `m gm`mMm _yima^hr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ oZaVa Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 100) A`wV $& A`wVm` Z_ & A`wV hUO{ [VrV. A`wV hUO{ [VrV Z hm{Umam. dWmZm[mgyZ qH$dm OmoUd{`m CV_ [mVird$Z g^_mdW{_`{ _m{h]V{_`{ Kga`mMr dmr gmYZ{`m _mJmV AZw^dmg `{V{. [aVw OmoUdm`m gdm}, VabV_ d CXmmm_ d [mVirda Agm_m` YmaUmm$sZ{ ewV_ d [odV_ AdW{_`{ oZaVa amhUmam gd}a Vy Amh{g. Vy H$YrM WmZ^> hm{V Zmhrg. Vwbm ^ r^md[ydH$ XS>dV Agm{V. 101) dfmH$o[> $& dfmH$[`{ Z_ $& dfm hUO{ Y_ d H$o[ hUO{ damh qH$dm ]wS>`mbm VmaUmam. damh AdVmamMm Jo^VmW qH$dm _oWVmW Agm H$s AmYma ]ZyZ, kmZgy` oH$aUmZr M{VZm d gm_` X{D$Z odmbm AY_m`m _hmgmJamV ]wS>`m[mgyZ Vy VmaVm{g. AV`m_r JQ> hm{D$Z ghZ{ && 39 && 40. ]wo^>Vm_` [VZm[mgyZ _bm dmMd hr _Zm{_Z mWZm. Vwbm eVe> oU[mV Agm{V. 102) A_{`m_m $& A_{`m_Z{ Z_ $& Ag` qH$dm AZV qH$dm _m{Ommg _m[`mg Ae` Ag{/Agm Am_{/ Am_m. [XmW, D$Om, AdH$me, H$mi, OmUrd B. _Yrb J]Z g]Y d AIS>Vm bjmV K{V`mda `m gm`m`m AVaJmMm oZ`Vm Vy hUO{ Iam{IaM _m[ZmVrV odm_m Ag`mM{ OmUdV{. hUyZ Vwbm A_{`m_m hUVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 103) gd`m{JodoZgV $& gd`m{JodoZgVm` Z_ $& gdm_V`m_r AgyZhr H$m{U`mhr g]YmZ{ d ]YZmZ{ obV dm ] Z hm{D$Z dV amhUmam. gd H$mhr AV]m nZaVa `m[yZ gdl{> OmoUd{mam `{H$ MamMa dVyer oZJoS>V Ag`m_wi{ Vy _m{h, _m`m, Amg$s dJa{[mgyZ _w$ Amh{g. Vwbm Z_ Um_ Agm{V. dgwdgw_Zm g` g_m_m go_V g_ $& A_m{K [wS>arH$mjm{ dfH$_m dfmH$oV: $&& 104) dgw $& dgd{ Z_ $& hUO{ MamMamM{ _ybVd qH$dm _ybmYma gdmV]m _ybmYma VyM Ag`mZ{ Vw`moedm` H$m{UVrhr dVy ApVdmV AgU{ Ae` Amh{. CXmhaUmW AUwa{UyZm AV]m `m[Um`m `m[Um`m [m{H$ir`m A^mdr dVyM{ ApVd Ae` Amh{. A` >rZ{ [mhVm odmM{ AmR> _wI AmYma dgw AgyZ `m dgw_Yrb [mdH$ hm gdl{> dgw Amh{g. Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. 105) dgw_Zm $& dgw_Zg{ Z_ $& ew _ZmMm. A` >rZ{ [mhVm, odmYma Agm Vy ApVdmVrV, odH$mamVrV _hm_Zm Amh{g. [a_[od d goXmZX_` Vwbm odZ_ [oU[mV Agm{V. 106) g` $& g`m` Z_ $& gVgw gmYw: g`:$& g` hUO{ gmYw. gV oV `_ hUO{ AZwH$_{ mU A d gy`. `mMm AW odMmbH$ MV`, od[m{fH$ Vd AmoU odmbm V{O X{Uma{ Vd Vy Amh{g. A` AWmZ{, gHw$oMV _Zm`m odb`mZVa hUO{M C`ZmZVa ``mg `{Uma{ [a_g` Vd Vy Amh{g odmM{ [m{fU-gJm{[Z d oejU H$aUmam d ^$ X`{ AmZXoH$aUmZr ghZ{ && 40 && 41. ^aUmam [a_g` V{Om{oZYr d AmZXKZ Ba VyM Amh{g. Vwbm oZaVa Um_ Agm{V. 107) g_m_m $& g_m_Z{ Z_ $& gd g_^mdZ{Z{, g_mZV{Z{ AV`m_r amhUmam Am_m. VwPm `m AUwa{Uy `m[Um`m `m`r ApVdmMr _bm gVV OmUrd amh X{. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 108) gp_V $& go_Vm` Z_ qH$dm Ago_Vm` Z_ $& g_m_m `m Zmdmg Om{Sy>Z K{V`mg Agp_V h{ Zmd R>aV{. Agp_V hUO{ AOm{S>. gp_V hUO{ gJwU oH$dm gro_V. Vy H$mhr ^$mZm odoe> $[ d JwUmZr gr_rV Agm gJwU Va H$mhr ^$mZm oZJwU OmUdVm{g (lr. H{$ od. ]{bga{ `m`m "AV`mm' [wVH$mV gJw_ XeUmM{ [>rH$aU Amh{). Vwbm _mP{ eVe Z_Z Agm{. 109) g_ $& g_m` Z_ $& $aH$ qH$dm ]Xb Zgb{bm. Z{h_r [yUmdW{V Ag`m_wi{ Vy gdH$mbr ]XbaohV, odH$maaohV Amh{g. `mM_mU{ _m hUO{ b_r d g hUO{ gohV hUyZ b_rdmZ qH$dm _m`{M{ gd E{` AgUmam Agmhr Vy Amh{g. _mP{ oMm Vw`m [m`mer T>[U{ amhm{ hr mWZm. Vwbm _Z[ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. 110) A_m{K $& A_m{K` Z_ $& H$Yrhr oZ$i Z R>aUmam. oH$`me$s d BN>me$s m oVhr Vw`m_`{ [yUdmZ{ Ag`mZ{ Vy [yU ^mdr Amh{g. Vg{M `mM H$maUmZ{ VwP{ AVH$aU[ydH$ _aUX{Irb Z{h_rM ^mdr AgV{. V[`m, [wOm, VwVr,^OZ , gH$sVZ, Zm__aU, Y_mMaU, `mZ, YmaUm B`mXt[H$s H$m{U`mhr [H$ma{ Vwbm AmidUm`m ^$mZm Vw`mer Vx[ hm{`mMm gH$[ VwM X{Vm{g d VyM Vm{ $bz[hr H$aVm{g. VyM `mM{ kmMjy CKSy>Z Vw`m d `m`mVrb Aod^$V{Mr AmZXXm`r d eo$Xm`r OmUrd `mZm X{Vm{g. _mP{ X`X{Irb Vw`m H$[{`m A_VoH$aUmZr H$moeV hm{D$Z Vw`m _VrZ{ ^$Z amh X{. Vwbm _mP{ eVe Z_H$ma Agm{V. 111)[wS>arH$mj $& [wS>arH$mjm` Z_ $& H$_imgmaI{ S>m{i{ Agb{bm AmoU [wS>arH$ hUO{M X` hUyZ X`m`m Z{mZr [mhVm `{`mgmaIm. H$_imgmaI{ hUO{ ^dVm[haU H$aUma{, ^$mM{ AVH$aUMjw ew H$aUma{ S>m{i{ Agb{bm. Vy X`m`m Z{mZr [mhVm `{`mgmaIm Amh{g. H$maU M_>rZ{ Vwbm [mhVm `{V Zmhr. A` AWmZ{ X`r oMm EH$mJ H$$Z ghZ{ && 41 && 42. [mhVm `{`mgmaIrhr Vy Amh{g. _mP{ Vwbm EH$mJ _ZmZ{ ^md[yU Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 112) dfH$_m $& dfH$_U{ Z_ $& df hUO{ Y_. dfH$_m hUO{ `mMr `{H$ H$Vr Y_H$` Amh{ Agm. odmMr gd H$m`} dm^modH$[U{ KS`m_mJrb oZ`_ d `Um MmbdU{ hr VwPrM H$Vr Amh{. AoVdm`m gd Vamda od_mZ AgUm`m Y_mMm emVm Aem Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 113) dfmH$oV $& dfmH$V`{ Z_ $& Y_mMm T>mMm dm AmH$ma. odY_ hr VwPr H$Vr AmoU hUyZ Vy d odY_ d{Ji{ H$aVm `{V ZmhrV. VwP{ AdVma d `mM{ H$m` hmhr Y_M. [gm`XmZ[yVu`m odgH$[mMr g{dm hm AmOMm Y_ m hm{dm{ d VwPr g_r[Vm o_im{ hrM mWZm Vwbm AVH$aU[ydH$ oU[mV Agm{V. $m{ ]hwoeam ]^wod`m{oZ: ewoMldm: & A_V: emV: WmUwdamam{hm{ _hmV[m: && 114) $ : & $m` Z_: & am{X`oV $ : hUO{ em{H$ C[ H$aUmam. odZme, _`y, oW`Va `m gm`mMm H$maH$ d `mMm _m{h C[ H$$Z Xw:I X{Umamhr VyM Amh{g. Vw`m[mgyZ Xya Z{Umar Aodm C[ H$aUmam AmoU Jd, Ao^_mZ, AhH$ma d Vm` Xw:I X{Umamhr VyM Amh{g. `mM_mU{ C[oZfXH$V} gmYy, gmZ dJa{ gdmZm Vi_i bmdUmam, Am{T> bmdUmam d V_m{JwUmMm Zme H$aUmamhr VyM Amh{g. Vw`m mr`m _mJmV `{Uma{ gd AS>ga Vw`m H$[{Z{ Z> hmd{V hr mWZm. Vwbm Z_ Um_ Agm{V. 115) ]hwoeam: & ]hwoeag{ Z_: & Ag` S>m{H$r (_|Xy, AdYmZ{ B`mXr) Agb{bm. Vy odmVrb Ag` KQ>H$m_`{ >m d oZ``m gma$[mZ{ AV`m_r dmdaVm{g. Vwbm `mZ[ydH$ Z_Z Agm{. 116) ]^w: & ]^d{ Z_: & AJr, V{O, odoZ`Vm B`mXr. gm`m odmMm MV`Xm`r oZ`Vm Vy Amh{g. `mM_mU{ `$r_`{ `$rMr odd{H$ ]wr, oMm, AhH$ma, _Z, gd{XZe$r, Bo`{ `mMmhr {aH$ oZ`H$ VyM Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. ghZ{ && 42 && 43. 117) od`m{oZ: & od`m{Z`{ Z_ : & odm`m C[mrM{, CJ_mM{ WmZ. Vy odm`m AmodH$mam_mJrb oH$`me$r, kmZe$r, gH$[e$r, oMXe$r `mMm CJ_, odgodUr `m{Zr Amh{g. AmoXH$maU d _hmH$maU$[r Aem Vwbm AV:H$aU[ydH$ oU[mV Agm{V. 118) ewoMldm: & ewoMldg{ Z_: & MmJb{ E{H$Umam oH$dm `mM{ Zmd H$mZmZm d AV: H$aUmbm A`V _Ywa dmQ>V{ Agm. gd`m[r d gdmV`m_r Agm Vy ^$m`m [a_ew ^mdZmM{ VaJ AMyH$V{Z{ jUmV E{H$Vm{g AmoU VwP{ ^$ hUO{ H{$di ]wr`m Zh{ Va Vwbm gdd g_o[V H$$Z ode{fV: ^mdZ{Z VwPr AZw^yVr K{Uma{ g`_mJu> bm{H$, [a_m{ g`mM{ ewrXm`r lm`$[ oH$dm [X$[ Ag{ VwP{ Zmd A`V AmdS>rZ{ mYm`mZ{ d CH$Q>V{Z{ E{H$VmV. Vwbm eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 119) A_V: & A_Vm` Z_: & A_a. Am_kmZmZ{, Am_d$[r A_aVdmer hUO{ Vw`mer OmoUd{gh/ OmoUd{Z{ oZJS>rV hm{U{, Vx[ hm{U{, e` hm{V{. `m_wi{ Am_$[mZ{ gdmV`m_r amhUm`m Vwbm A_V: hUVmV. dV: odZmeaohV Agb{`m d VwP{ oMVZ H$aUm`mZmhr AodZmerdmH$S{> Z{Um`m Vwbm AmXa[ydH$ oU[mV Agm{V. 120) emV: WmUw: & emV: WmUd{ Z_: & oMaVZ AmoU AT>i. ]Xbm`m AV`m_r d H$mbmVrV Ag`mZ{ Vy AOam_a d AT>i Amh{g. H$mbmVrV X{Irb Ag`mZ{ Vy AOam_a d AT>i Amh{g. H$mbmVrV Ag`mZ{ $T> JVrMm ^md Vw`mda [S>V Zmhr d Vw`m_`{ ]Xbhr g^dV Zmhr. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 121) damam{h: & damam{hm` Z_: & AmZXXm`r AmoU X{Xr`_mZ Ag{ CV_ oZYmZ. Vy [a_m{ [a_m_[X Amh{g d `m_wi{ Vw`m mrZ{ jw dmgZm, Amg$r, BN>m d AhH$mamZm O_ X{Umar Aodm AkmZ Z> hm{VmV. Imb`m d gHw$oMV [mVirda KgaU{ e` hm{V Zmhr. hUyZM m H$maUmVd Vwbm Cm_bm{H$ hUVmV. H{$di Vw`m MaUmr`m BN{>_`{ Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. ghZ{ && 43 && 44. 122) _hmV[m : & _hmV[g{ Z_: & V[, E{`, gm_` AmoU kmZ. gmar g>r gd`mM{, [m{g`mM{ AmoU Z> H$a`mM{ _hmZ V[ H$aUmam, kmZ_` kmZXmVm, MV`_` _hmAJr, AmoU [a_ewr, gm_` d y$Vu$ X{Umam _hmgy`. doH$ E{`mMm YZr Aem Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. gdJ: gdodX^mZwoddg{Zm{ OZmXZ: & d{Xm{ d{XodX`Jm{ d{XmJm{ d{XodVH$od: && 123) gdJ: & gdJm` Z_: & ^yV, ^od`, dV_mZ, MamMa, B`mXr gdm`m AV`m_r OmUmam AmoU kmMjy, ^$mZm `m doemV oMV hm{Umam. Vwbm _mP{ odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 124) gdodX^mZw : & gdodX^mZd{ Z_: & gd d X{Xr`_mZ, V{Om{_`. gd od `WmW[U{ OmUUmam [U `mM]am{]a kmZm_mU{M Aodmhr oZ_mU H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. ZmH$, H$mZ, S>m{i{, _|>Xy `mma{ hm{Uma{ g`kmZ Zh{. Bo`mVrb kmZ hUO{ Ia{ `o$oZa[{j kmZ. Vwbm `o$oZa[{j Ag{ kmZ Amh{. Vg{M Vy kmZ_` Ag`mZ{ `o$oZa[{j AmoU AhH$maey` `$rbm kmV hm{Vm{g. Vy kmZr Amh{g `mMm AW ZmH$, H$mZ, S>m{i{, _|Xy `mZr Vy OmUVm{g Agm Zh{. (gJwU oV_{_`{ ZmH$H$mZS>m{i{ XmIdb{b{ Agb{ Varhr). kmZ|o`mVrV Aer VwPr OmUrd gma{ OrdZ kmZ_`, MV`_`, H$me_`, AMyH$ AmoU gm_`dmZ ]ZdV{. dmVodH$, Vw`m oMaVZ AoVdm`m [m^y_rda ( d VwbZ{V) VyM oZ_mU H{$b{$b{ od AmoU Amhmbm Bo`m_m$V hm{Uma{ `mM{ kmZ hUO{ Aodm (Am^mg, _m`m ) hm{`. hr Aodm d oV`mV ] hm{Um`m Amhmbmhr VyM oZ_mU H{$bg. AZVkmZgy` g_yh$[r Vwbm _mP{ ^o$[ydH$ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 125) oddg{Z: & oddg{Zm` Z_: & `mbm Km]$Z ey [iyZ OmVmV Agm. AV`m_r kmZm{X` Pmbm H$r XwJwU$[r amjg [i H$mT>VmV. Vg{M kmZr _mUgmM{ gdgmmYmar V{O [mhyZ _hme$rembr X`mM{ AdgmZ JiV{. V{ JobVJm hm{VmV. oWOyZ amhVmV. EdT{>M Zh{ Va gmodH$ AhH$ma AgUma{hr Vw`m[wT{> JiyZ OmVmV. Vwbm AIS> oU[mV Agm{. ghZ{ && 44 && 45. 126) OZmXZ: & OZmXZm` Z_: & AX`moV hUO{ gwIXw:ImMm XmVm. Xw>mZm AodmO` XwJVr AmoU gmZmZm kmZO` gVm d d{Jd{Jim H$gm{Qm AmoU AoJoX` `mma{ odH$`mUH$mar gm_` XmZ H$aUma Vy Amh{g. Vwbm Z_ Z_Z Agm{. 127) d{X: & d{Xm` Z_: & kmZ X{Umam. AkmZmYH$ma Z> H$$Z d$[mM{ `WmW kmZ JQ> H$aUmam. WbH$mbmVrV Agm Vy. kmZ|>o`mVrV [am[eu kmdVmMr OmUrd d `mZm Om{S>Umam AIS> Xwdm (d{X) oH$dm$ [yb h{ gma{ Ao^d$ Amh{ hUyZ Vwbm d{X: hUVmV. Vwbm AmXa[ydH$ dXZ Agm{. 128) d{XodV & d{XodX{ Z_: & d{X OmUUmam. `$rMr gHw$oMV ]wr d Aghm` [amdbo]d bjmV K{Vm, kmZ_` Agm VyM `mZm Vw`mH$S{> hUO{ g`mZw^yVrH$S{> AmH$> H$aVm{g d AI{a `mZm [am[eu$, Vx[ d V[m{oZYr ]ZdVm{g h{ ghO [> hm{V{. `mM H$maUmVd Vwbm gdl{> Jw hUVmV. H$maU Vx[ ]ZdyZ VyM `m`mda AV]m kmZH$me CYiVm{g. Vwbm ^md[yU Z_Z Agm{. 129) A`J : & A`Jm` Z_: & `J Zgb{bm, Xm{f Zgb{bm d `o$_dmVrV hUO{ A`J. earamXt_wi{ kmZ, ^mdZm B`mXtZm _`mXm [S>V{. Vy earamVrb d gd{XZmVrV ew d oZXm}f kmZ_` Amh{g. Vwbm H$m{Q>r H$m{Q>r Um_ Agm{V. 130) d{XmJ: & d{XmJm` Z_: & d{X h{ `mM eara Amh{ Agm. Vy Aearar AmoU g`kmZ_` Amh{g. `m_wi{ kmZ_` d{X h{ OUw H$mhr VwPr AJ{[mJ{ Amh{V, eara bjU{ Amh{V. VwP{ _aU H$m`_ amhm{ d Vw`mMaUr oU[mV Agm{V. 131) d{XodV & d{XodX{ Z_: & d{XmMm (oZ_mVm, CJ_ Ag`m_wi{) Iam OmUH$ma. d{XmMm kmVm oMVH$ d AmodH$ma H$aUmam. d{X d{XmVmM{ gma$[ Agm _hmZ Jw VyM Amh{g. BVa gmar Aodm ]YZH$maH$ AmoU [Jw H$aUmar Amh{. Vwbm AV:H$aU[ydH$ XS>dV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 45 && 46. 132) H$od: & H$d`{ Z_: & >m. >m Ag`m_wi{ Vy ` Zmhrg d hUyZ Vwbm [mhU{ e` Zmhr. {>[Um, ehmU[Um, gdkVm B`mXt>`m $[mV _hmH$m` H$aUm`m m _hmH$dt>`m (dmo_H$r, ewH$mMm`, `mg) X`mV dmg H$aUmam d `mZm {oaV H$aUmam kmgy` Vy Amh{g. Vw`m MrVr_wi{ H$m`mVyZ H$m`mVrV H$m` JQ> hm{V{. `mVyZ `o$dmVrV odH$`mUH$mar gX^mdmMm OJmda dfmd hm{Vm{. H$b{_`{ VwPr brbm AmodH$V hm{V{ AmoU dJu` gmX` d odew AmZXmZ _Z V hm{VmV. odkmZm_`{ VwPr gOZerb km AdVaV{ AmoU gd j{mZm Z`m em{YmZm ]ha `{Vm{. Aem Vh{Z, gX^mdZm, gmX` AmoU g_rM{ _i{ w$bVmV. H$m`mV oX`d, H$b{V oMH$bm AmoU odkmZmV kmZ AdV$Z gmjmV goXmZXmM gm_m` `jmV `{V. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. bm{H$m`j: gwam`jm{ Y_m`j: H$VmH$V:& MVwam_m MVw`yhVwX>Vw^wO: && 133) bm{H$m`j : & bm{H$m`jm` Z_: & bm{H$ `mMm EH$ _hdmMm AW AZw^d oH$dm OmoUdV{Mr [mVir. `m_wi{ AZw^yVr AoO]mV ZgU{, (oZOud dVy) V{ Bar gmjmH$ma hm{U{ B`mXr gm`m [mVimda `mMr gmm AgV{ Agm, d AZw^dm`m gd [mVimdarb gd MamMamda `mMr gmm AgV{ Agm. Vwbm AV:H$aU[ydH$ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 134) gwam`j : & gwam`jm` Z_: & ododY X{dVmMm Zm`H$. X{dVm hUO{ ododY [mVimdarb e$rH|${. kmZ|o`m`m oH$dm C[H$aUm`m ghm`mZ{ OmU`mg, H$o[`mg d oZ`o_V oH$dm oZ`oV H$a`mg A`V H$R>rU Aem e$rMm dm_r d emVm VyM Amh{g. m e$r `$r`m OmoUdmer oZJS>rV Amh{V d `$r`m X`mH$memV amhUm`m Aem Vw`m, AoH$V Amh{V. VyM `mZm AYm{JVr$[r amjgm[mgyZ dmMdVm{g. Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 135) Y_m`j: & Y_m`mjm` Z_: & Y_mMm _wI. gOrd AmoU oZOud Aem `{H$ AUwa{UyM{ AoVd d VXJV oH$`m oZ`oV H$aUm`m AMyH$ d gy_moVgy_ oZ`_mMm CXJmVm d gmmYre Vy Amh{g. `m_wi{M C[ Pmb{b Zme H$aUmam `_X{Irb VyM Amh{g. A` AWmZ{, g_mOmM{ AoVd oZ`oV H$aUma{ H$m`X{, arVroadmO, gXm`, ZrVr, `m` ghZ{ && 46 && 47. A`m`mM{ g H { $ V Vg{ M OmoUdm M { od odH$ogV H$aUm`m [m[[w `, Am_mZm_odd{H$ B`mXr H$[ZmMm emVmhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _r _Zm{^md{ dXZ H$aVm{. 136) H$VmH$V: & H$VmH$Vm` Z_: & H$V_ hUO{ KS>b{b{ AodH$V Pmb{b{ AmoU AH$V_ hUO{ AmodH$V Z Pmb{b{. h{ Xm{hr `m`m R>m`r Amh{V Vm{ H$VmH$V: & $T>mWmZ{ Agb{b{ d Zgb{b{ gma{ H$mhr Vw`m AmYmamZ{M AgV{ d h{ gd H$mhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 137) MVwam_m & MVwam_mZ{ Z_ :& Mmahr d{XmMm Am_m. A` AWmZ{ oZmdWm, d[mdWm, OmJVr d Vw`mdWm h{ Mmahr [by Agb{bm Am_m. Vwbm ^o$^md[ydH$ Z_Z Agm{. 138) MVw`yh : & MVw`yhm` Z_: & Mma [VtZr OmUyZ K{`mMm `V H{$bm OmUmam. [a[a{Zwgma dmgwX{d, wZ, AoZ$ d gH$fUm B`mXr gJwU _yVv`m C[mgZm H$$Z gmjmH$mamma{, ]X{d, XjmoXOm[Vr, H$mb d VrZamet`m kmZmma{ d g>r`m C[mrM{ kmZ o_idyZ, odUy, H$mb, _Zw, gd ^yV{ B`mXtma{ g>rM{ [mbZ g_OmdyZ K{D$Z AmoU $, _`y , H$mb d Ord `m`mma{ odb` g_mOdyZ K{D$Z Vwbm OmU`mMm `V H{$bm$ OmVm{. 1) g>rMr C[mr 2) [mbZ 3) odZme `m_mJrb Vd{ g_mOdyZ K{U{ d 4) C[mgZ{mam VwPm g[yU gmjmH$ma H$adyZ K{U{ h{ Mma `yh hUO{X{Irb VyM Amh{g. d{Jim eXmV ^$r, `mZ, H$_, kmZ B`mXr g` OmUyZ K{`mM{ d g`mMr MrVr K{`mM{ _mJ hUO{M Am_kmZ_mJX{Irb VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 139) MVwX>> : & MVwX>m` Z_: & eXe : Mma gwi{, Mma oeJ{ oH$dm$ Mma XmT>m AgUmam Zaogh. Zaogh_yVu_`{ MamMamM{ EH$d oXgyZ `{V{M [U `mM_mU{ OmJVr, oZm, gwfwr d Vw`m `m Mma (gwimZr) [mVimdarb amO, ^$r,$ kmZ d H$_ `m `m{J H$mam`m dm Mma d{Xm`m ma{ AkmZ$[r oha`H$`[ybm $mSy>Z >H$mT>Uma{ H$mbmVrV Badhr ``mg `{V{. Vwbm _mP{ H$Vk dXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 47 && 48. 140) MVw^wO : & MVw^wOm` Z_: & oZo_Vr, [mbZ, ghma d AmerdmX Aem Mma _hmoH$`m d Y_, AW, H$m_, _m{j `m Mmahr [wfmWmMm H$maH$. [a[a{Zwgma [yO`m OmUm`m gJwU $[m_Y`m Vw`m Mma hmVm_Yrb eI AmVbm AmdmO hUO{ eX] oH$dm$ oZo_Vr XmIdVm{. MH$ C[mr [mbZ odZme `m[H$r odZme XeodV{. JXm, XS>H$, XS> B. ma{ [mbZ XmIdV{. d [ _m{jXm`r AmerdmX XmIdV{.Mma hmV hUO{M Mma d{X Mma hmV hUO{M _Z, ]wr, oMm d AhH$ma, `m`mma{ `$rH$Sy>Z Vy H$m` H$adyZ K{Vm{g d `$rbm _w$hr H$aVm{g. Vw`m gJwU _yVu_Yrb h{ V` gdmZm Am_gmV hm{dm{ d Vw`mMaUr odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. ^moOUw^m}OZ ^m{$m $gohUwOJXmoXO: & AZKm{ odO`m{ O{Vm od`m{oZ: [wZdgw : & 141) ^moOUw: & ^moOUd{ Z_: & V{Odr, kmZH$me$[, kmZV{O$[. Vw`m V{Om[wT{> gy`mM{ V{Ohr o$H{$ [S>V{ d Vw`m V{OmZ{M AYmamVhr MV` ^ab{ OmV{. Vwbm _mP{ odma Z_Z Agm{. 142) ^m{OZ_ ^m{OZm` Z_: & Ag{dZ. kmZ|o`{ d Bo`mVrV OmoUdmma{ hm{Uma{ kmZ d AZw^yVr AmoU od$[r _m`m ( A) hr `m`mV odbrZ hm{VmV (g{dZ) V{ _hmH$maU, "_hmodda'. A` >rZ{ MamMamMm [m{fUH$Vm. Vw`m H$[{`m oZaVa OmoUd{V Vwbm H$Vk Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 143) ^m{$m & ^m{{ Z_: & EH$m_$[mZ{ d m AoVdmZ{ AoIb od d odmM{ kmZ AmoU eara / _Zm`m gd gd{XZmMm C[^m{J K{Umam ^m{$m. Vwbm _Z:[ydH$ dXZ Agm{. 144) gohUw: & gohUd{ Z_:& ghZerb oH$dm odO`r. _ybV: AoV_ g` d >m Agm AVam_m VyM Ag`mZ{ gm`m gwIXw:ImMm AZw^d VyM K{Vm{g. Vg{M m g`mM{ _aU AgUmam _mUyg AV]m C$mV d $[mVarV hm{Vm{ d MS> Xw:I{ AmKmV ghO [MdyZ `m`mda _mV H$$ eH$Vm{. h{ gm_` hrM Iar ghZerbVm. Xwg`m >rZ{ gohUw: hUO{ [dr [idUm`m oha`mjmbm R>ma H$$Z [drbm dmMdUmam oH$dm bmhm_` g_wmVyZ O_rZ AmodH$V H$aUmam. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. ghZ{ && 48 && 49. 145) OJXmoXO: & OJXmoXOm` Z_: & odm`m Ama^m[yduhr AgUmam. hUO{M gy_V_ Aem doH$ _Z, ]wr d gH$[ $[mZ{ ( `mbm oha`J^ oH$dm ]X{d Ag{hr hUVmV) AoVdmV AgUmam, d{Jim >rZ{ odmM{ CJ_WmZ oOWyZ CX^dV{ V{. Vw`m doH$ _mVo[Vdmg`m`m a_Ur` _aUm_`{ Vwbm AV:H$aU[ydH$ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 146) AZK: & AZKm` Z_: & oZXm}f, gdmJgwXa. oZH$[Q> Aem Vw`m _VrZ{ _mP{ OrdZhr ew AmoU oZH$bH$ hm{D$ X{. Vwbm _mP{ godZ` Um_ Agm{V. 147) odO`: & odO`m` Z_: & `m` MamMamdarb d H$mimdarb ^wd oH$dm$ Ag{ ^wd AgUmam. Vw`m _VrM{ _hmXmZ X{D$Z ^$mZm kmZ dam`mXr E{`mZ{ g[ H$aUmam AmoU `edr H$aUmam X`W Bahr Vy Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 148) O{Vm & O{{ Z_: & d$[m`m OmoUd{V amh`m_`{ `edr hm{Umam d ^$mZm `edr H$aUmam d `mma{ MamMamMm gdH$f CH$f `edr[U{ H$aUmam. Vw`m doH$ gH$[ZmV d H$m`mV Hw$Urhr AS>Wim AmUy eH$V Zmhr. Vwbm Z_dXZ Agm{. 149) od`m{oZ: & od`m{Z`{ Z_: & gm`m odmMm CJ_ (`m{oZ) AmoU bmoZ Amb{`m odmV AdVma K{Umam Ba. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 150) [wZdgw: & [wZdgd{ Z_: & dgoV BoV dgw: & [whm [whm eara{ YmaU H$aUmam. A` >rZ{ [mhVm, VwP{ kmZ Pm`mZVa [whm [whm Vwbm odgaUm`m`m AVaJmV [whm [whm AdVrU hm{Umam VyM Amh{g. AV]m g[yU OrdZ C$mV H$aUm`m Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. C[|m{ dm_Z: mewa_m{K: ewoM$oOV : & AVt: gJh: gJm} YVm_m oZ`_m{ `_ : &&& 151) C[|: & C[|m` Z_: & BmMm YmH$Q>m ^mD$. A` AWmZ{ [mhVm B hm `mMm YmH$Q>m ^mD$ Agm. H$maU kmZ|o`mMm dm_r Om{ B `mhyZhr l{> Agm Hy$Q>W [a_m_m _hmodUy Vy ghZ{ && 49 && 50. Amh{g. AmUIr EH$m AWu OmoUd{`m ododY [mVimdarb gd{XZm_Yrb gdm}m_ gd{XZm B AgyZ BmV Z{Umar, OmUrdhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm oZaVa Z_H$ma Agm{. 152) dm_Z: & dm_Zm` Z_: & ]ir amOmM{ JdhaU H$aUmam d `mZmg `m{` Agm dm_Z. A` >m gm`m `m` odmMr o_iH$V Vw`m[wT{> [yU[U{ bQ>H$r R>aV{ d AhH$ma $m{b R>aVm{. Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. 153) mew: & med{ Z_: & odamQ>, odemb, gd`m[r. odm`m g[yU [gm`m`m kmZm[{jmhr `mM{ kmZ hm{U{ H$R>rU Amh{ Agm AoVodamQ>. VwP{ kmZ hmd{ hr Z_ mWZm. 154) A_m{K : & A_m{Km` Z_: & AMyH$ d{Y K{D$Z odmVrb Ag` JwVmJwVr`m oH$`m_Yrb [oaUm_ gmYUmam. Vw`m _Vr _`{ H{$b{br dMmoaH$, _mZogH$ d emaroaH$ H$Vr H$`mU_` d AMyH$ ]ZV{. Vwbm AmXa[ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. 155) ewoM: & ewM`{ Z_: & ew. Vy oZaVa ewV_ AgVm{g. MamMamM{, OmoUd{M{, ]wrM{ d AmMaUmM{ YmaU H$aUmam ewV_ Y_ (`m`m{J{ `$rM{ H$`mU hm{V{) Aem Vwbm godZ` Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 156) D$oOV : & D$oOVm` Z_: & e$r. CH$f, d^d dJa{. VyM `$rbm CXmm, V{Odr, gwXa g_, gm_`embr ]ZdVm{g. Vwbm oZaVa Z_Z Agm{. 157) AVt: & AVtm` Z_: & kmZ|o`mMm dm_r _Z. _ZmbmM B hUVmV. _Zm`m [brH$S{> A>gb{bm. Vwbm eaU^mdZ{Z{ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 158) gJh: & gJhm` Z_: & gma{ H$mhr JhU H$aUmam, `m`m{J{ gma{ H$mhr Om{S>Umam, gm`m KS>m_m{S>r Amo_H$ {_mZ{ dV:V gm_mdyZ K{Umam d `m[H$ EH$r/ odg_d` C[ H$aUmam. Vwbm _Zm{^md{ dXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 50 && 51. 159) gJ: & gJm` Z_:& dV:VyZ od CX^dUmam. odoZo_Vr`m _hmZ `mJ_` H$VrZ{ d T> oZ`m_H$ gH$[mZ{ Vy gd H$_mMm l{> d AmXe AmYma Amh{g. oZJwU oZamH$ma Agm Vy g>roZo_VrZ{ oZ_mVm hUyZ gJwU Pmbmg hm gdl{> `mJ AgyZ `{H$ KQ>Zm gw`m{` H$ma{ KS>U{ hm VwPmM T> oZYma hm{`. Vw`mMaUr gVV bm{Q>mJU amhm{. 160) YVm_m & YVm_mZ{ Z_: & d`^y, dV d dV:M dV:Mm AmYma AgyZ AV]m AoVdmZ{ od gmYUmam odmYma. da da oXgUmar gJwU, oZJwU AmXr $[{ ]mV: EH$dmZ{, AZ{H$dmZ{ dm [admZ{ YmaU H$aUmam _hmZ Am_m Vy Amh{g. H$maU Vy H$mbmVrV, _ybmYma Amh{g. Vw`mMaUr odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 161) oZ`_: & oZ`_m` Z_: & MamMamVJV oZ`_, `m oZ`_mMm H$Vm d h{ oZ`_ A_bmV AmUUmam. `m_wi{ `{H$ `$r`m H$m`mMm Iam H$Vm Vy Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 162) `_ : & `_m` Z_:& oZgJmVrb gd e$r, dmr, oH$`m, oW`Va{ B`mXtM{ oZ`U H$aUmam d hUyZ _`yMmhr `mbm oZ`Vm hUVmV. `mM_mU{ `m{JgmYZ{Vrb `_, `m`m{J{ `$r $Am_gmjmH$mam`m g_r[ `{V{, V{ X{Irb VwP{M $[ Amh{.Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. d{m{ d: gXm`m{Jr drahm _mYdm{ _Yw: & AVro`m{ _hm_m`m{ _hm{grhm{ _hm]b: & 163) d{: & d{m` Z_: & ], _w_wjw, gmYH$ d og m Q>`mZr, ododY H$ma`m gmYZmZr AmoU Bo`{, _Z, ]wr, oMm d AhH$ma m gdmgh eaU OmD$Z OmU`mgmaI{ EH$_{d k{`. Vw`m`oVoa$ BVa H$m{UVrhr _hdmH$mjm _Zmbm Z [em}$. Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 164) d:& dm` Z_: & kmZr AmoU `mYr Xya H$aUmam. Am_kmZm`m `m{J{ Aodm_m`mO` Xw:I{ Xya H$aUmam VyM Amh{g. (Aodm hUO{ ` d Za Ag{ gma{, oMaVZ Ia{ g_OU{.) ghZ{ && 51 && 52. Vw`m MaUr XS>dV Agm{V. 165) gXm`m{Jr & gXm`m{oJZ{ Z_: & `m`m g_r[ amhU{ hmM Iam `m{J AgyZ Am_d$[r oMaH$mb Ag`mZ{ d ^$ X`r H$m`_ AgUmam. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 166) drahm & draZ{ Z_: & gy_V_, VabV_, gd`m[r, MV`_` gmmYre hUyZ _hmdra. Vw`m gVV _aUmZ{ Xw]i{hr gm_`dmZ d [amH$_r hm{VmV. Vw`m [m`mer brZ^md{ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 167) _mYd: & _mYdm` Z_: & _m`mZ, YAV`mZ d Am_oZarjU AmoU dEH$OrdVm. `mM_mU{ _mkmZ, gadVr, d b_r AmoU Ydm_r. `m_wi{ Am_$[r AgUmam. E{` d kmZmMm dm_r Vy Amh{g. Vw`m H$[{Z{M Am_gmjmH$ma hm{Vm{. `m_wi{M Am_gmjmH$mam`m oH$`{Mr EH$ odm oObm _Ywodm hUVmV oVMm dm_r, H$Uhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. 168) _Yw:& _Yd{ Z_: & _Yw hUO{ _Y, Ordag, MV`ag, V{Om{ag, _H$aX B. Vg{M _Yw hUO{ dgVF$Vw. Am_gmjmH$mambm [m{fH$ Agm dgVF$Vw AmoU eara, _Z, ]wr`m [m{fUmma{ Am_kmZ m H$$Z X{Umam OrdZd$[r _Yw Vy Amh{g. Vw`m_wi{ OrdZmMm d V{OmMm dfmd hm{Vm{. Vwbm eVe: Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 169) AVro` : & AVro`m` Z_: & gd{XZm, dmgZm, ^mdZm , odMma, gmjmH$ma `mMm H$maH$ d hUyZ gd{XZmVrV d Bo`mVrV AgUmam. `m eXmMm H$Vmhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 170) _hm_m`: & _hm_m`m` Z_: & odmVrb OmoUdmM{, KQ>ZmM{, H$mimM{, AdH$memM{ AZV Va hUO{ _hm_m`m. e$r Vy `m _m`{er Z{h_r oZJS>rV AgVm{g d H$Yrhr d{Jim H{$bm OmD$ eH$V Zmhrg. [U `m _m`{Z{ H$Yrhr ob hm{V Zmhrg. `m_mU{ `m AdH$memV/ [m{H$irV gJ KS>VmV `m gJm[mgyZ [m{H$ir d{Jir H$mT>Vm `{V Zmhr. [m{H$iroedm` V{ gJhr KSy> eH$V Zmhr, Vg{M h{ Amh{. AYZmarZQ{>amMr oV_m ghZ{ && 52 && 53. h{M gyoMV H$aV{. oZgJm_`{ gy` h{ VwP{ Va gy`m[mgyZ d{Ji{ Z H$aVm `{Uma{ F$VwMH$ h{ _m`{M{ $[ Amh{. H$memMm AmYma d H$maH$ CJ_ H$mem[mgyZ Ogm d{Jim H$mT>Vm `{V Zmhr Vg{M VwP{ d _m`{M{ Amh{. ZdodYm^$rZ{ d ZdagmZr ZQ>b{br gdJwUg[ _m`m Vw`m[mgyZ d{Jir H{$br OmD$ eH$V Zmhr. [aVw [m{H$ir Oer gJmZr ob hm{V Zmhr, gy` Ogm H$memZ{ d F$VwMH$mZ{hr ob hm{V Zmhr `mM_mU{ Vyhr _m`{Z{ ob hm{V Zmhrg. Vwbm AV:H$aU[ydH$ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 171) _hm{gmh : & _hm{gmhm` Z_: & _hmZ e$r oH$dm Cgmh. g_wm`m [dVm` bmQ>m`m oZaVa Ii]irZ{ g_wmMr e$r g_OV{ `mM_mU{ AZV H$m{Q>r oH$`m_YyZ Vy MV`mMm d CgmhmMm _hm{XoY Ag`mM{ OUdV{. Vwbm AIS> dXZ Agm{. 172) _hm]b: & _hm]bm` Z_: & gm_`dmZ D$Om, AdH$me, H$mi `m`m AVrV Aem Vw`m AoVdmV gm_`mM{ _hmZX Amh{V. d `{H$ H$U, dVw, `$r d KQ>ZmVrb gm_`mMm CJ_ h{M ZX Amh{V. _bm `m`m Ymam meZ H$arV Vx[ hm{D$ X{. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. _hm]wr_hmdr`m}$ _hmeo$_hmwoV: & AoZX}`d[w: lr_mZ_{`m_m _hmoYH$ && 173) _hm]wr: & _hm]w`{ Z_: & _hm]wrdmZ d _hmkmdmZ od^yVt`m AMmQ> ]wrMmhr YmaUH$Vm d >m [a_m_m. Vg{M odoH$`{Mm _hm]wrdmZ H$Vm. Vw`mMaUr oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 174) _hmdr`: & _hmdr`m` Z_: & V{O d Am{OmMm gd l{> CJ_, AmoXH$maU. odmM{ H$maH$, ]rOm^yV gma. Vwbm eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 175) _hmeo$: & _hme$`{ Z_: & BN>me$r, kmZe$r d oH$`me$r `mMm gJ_ `m`m R>m`r Amh{ d hUyZ Om{ odoZ`_mM{ oZ`U H$ eH$Vm{. VwPr g_r[Vm d Vm` e$r X{. Vwbm odma oU[mV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 53 && 54. 176) _hmwoV: & _hmwV`{ Z_: & H$memMm H$me, V{OmM{ V{O d kmZmM{ kmZ Vy Amh{g. hUyZ Vwbm _hmwoV hUVmV. d`kmH$mer Aem VwPr oZH$Q>Vm amhm{ d Vw`mMaUr gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 177) AoZX}>`d[w: & AoZX}`d[wf{ Z_: & `mMm AmH$ma oH$dm$ d[ XmIdVm `{V Zmhr, dUZ H$aVm `{V Zmhr oH$dm `m`{V ]gdVm `{V Zmhr Agm. H$maU VwPr mr hm{VmM `$r Vx[ hm{V{ d ]wr, VH$ AmoU eX odZ OmVmV. `, >r, >m d XeZoH$`m gma{ EH$Ord hm{VmV. `o$d d dUZe$r odZ OmV{. Am_[ Agm >m Vy ` oH$dm dUZodf` ]ZdU{ Ae` AgV{. Vwbm odZ_ oU[mV Agm{V. 178) lr_mZ & lr_V{ Z_: & `m` Ag{ gma{ od hUO{ _hm_m`{M{ gdd `m`m[mer Amh{ AmoU d`o$H$ [mVirda gd gwI, Xw:I, H$`Zm`m gd{XZm Om{ C[^m{JVm{ Vm{ H$Vm d C[^m{$m hUO{ lr_mZ. Vwbm _mP{ H$m{Q>r H$m{Q>r Um_ Agm{V. 179) A_{`m_m & A_{`m_Z{ Z_: & Ag` Am_{ Agb{bm oH$dm `mMm Am_m A_`mX Amh{ Agm. odmVrb gOrdmV`m_r Ag`mZ{ Ag` d odmV]m Ag`mZ{ A_`mX Ag{ hQ>b{ Amh{. Vw`m d[mM{ kmZ hm{Vm hm{Vm `o$JV doe>`{ JiyZ OmVmV d dmXoddmX, H$maU_r_mgm d VdMMm H$aU{ oZaWH$ dm Ae` ]ZV{. Vw`m doH$ AmodH$mamVyZ gVV VwP{ _aU hm{dm{ d Vw`mMaUr AIS> Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 180) _hmoYH$ & _hmoYJ{ Z_: & _m{R>m [dV CMbyZ YaUmam , _XamMb d Jm{dYZ CMbyZ Vy ^$mM{ ajU H{$b{g Ag{ Vw`m gJwUmdVmamM{ dUZ Amh{. A` >`m ^$m`m OS>dmM{ C`Z H$aUmam d `mbm Am_gmjmH$ma KS>dUmam VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. _h{dmgm{ _hr^Vm lroZdmg: gVm JoV: & AoZ: gwamZXm{ Jm{odXm{ Jm{odXm [oV: && 181) _h{dmg: & _h{dmgm` Z_: & Cm_ YZwYmar gJwU [mV AMyH$ eagYmZ H$aUmam Cm_ JwUr am_, VmodH$>`m ghZ{ && 54 && 55. KQ>Zm, d{i d [oaUm_ `m`mda AMyH$[U{ oZ`U R{>dUmam. gdm>Mr >r `o$oZa[{j d AV^{X H$aUmar AMyH$ hm{dm{ hr Z_ [mWZm. Vwbm odZ_ Z_Z Agm{. 182) _hr^Vm & _hr^} Z_: & [drbm AmYma X{Umam. gJwU [mV [drbm AmYma X{Umam e{f d damh hUO{ VyM VmodH$>`m, odmVrb d ode{fV: V_m{JwU dmT>dUma{ `$r_Yrb OS>d CH$mV H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. Vwbm oeagm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 183) lroZdmg: & lroZdmg Z_: & doH$ E{` gdUmar _hme$r b_r_m`m, `m`m X`r Amh{ oH$dm Aem _m`{`m X`mV Om{ Amh{ Agm, Ba. Vwbm AV:H$aU[ydH$ oU[mV Agm{V. 184) gVm JoV: & gVm JV`{ Z_: & Cm_ oXem, Cm_ _mJ, Cm_ `{`, Cm_ JVr, Cm_ [oaUVr, Cm_ oMaVZ AoV_ AdWm VwPr mr, oZH$Q>Vm, Vx[Vm hrM gdl{> `{`[yVu$ Vwbm odZ_ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 185) AoZ: & AoZm` Z_: & H$mbmVrV, oW`VamVrb d gd MamMamMm oZ`Vm Ag`m_wi{ Hw$UmH$Sy>Zhr am{Ibm OmD$ Z eH$Umam. Vwbm AV:H$aU[ydH$ oU[mV Agm{V. 186) gwamZX : & gwamZXm` Z_: & odmVrb OmoUd{`m gd Vamdarb AmZXmMm CJ_. VwPm oM[X hmM Am|>H$ma. VwPm AmodH$ma _m`m X`r hm{D$Z Vw`m mr`m oMaH$mbrZ AmZXmZ{ _mP{ _Zhr ^Z OmD$ X{. Vwbm _mP{ eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 187) Jm{odX: & Jm{odXm` Z_: & earamVrb [drVd, dmgZm, ^mdZm, dmUr d [a_kmZ `mMm emVm. A` >rZ{, gm`m odmMm VmaH$. Vg{M, gJwU AdVmamV, [drbm oha`mjm[mgyZ dmMdUmam damh AmoU Jm{Hw$imV JmB [miUmam H$U, [drVdmer Agb{`m Zm`m_mU{M Am`wd}$XmV A`V JwUH$mar _mZ`m OmUm`m [MJ`mer d JmBerhr Vy oZJoS>V Amh{V hUyZ Vwbm Jm{odX hUVmV. Vwbm Z_ Um_ Agm{V. ghZ{ && 55 && 56. 188) Jm{odXm [oV: & Jm{odXm[V`{ Z_: & MamMamVJV _ybVd{ d `mMm oZ`Vm Vy Amh{g `mMr OmUrd d AZw^yVr AgUma{ V{ Jm{odX AmoU `mMr `{H$ H$Vr oZ`oV H$aUmam `mMm dm_r hUO{ Jm{odXm[oV: `{H$ Am_kmZr `$rMr H$Vr oZ`oV H$aUm`m Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. _aroMX_Zm{ hg: gw[Um}$ ^wOJm{m_: & oha`Zm^: gwV[m: [Zm^: Om[oV: && 189) _aroM: & _arM`{ Z_: & V{O:[wO. kmZH$memZ{ AV]m COiyZ Q>mH$Umam V{Om{_` kmZgy` Vy Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ AoVhV Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 190) X_Z: & X_Zm` Z_:& amjgr dmr, AodmO` V_m{JwU, Xwao^_mZ d AoYH$mamZr `{Umam _mO Z> H$Z `$rM{ gdmJrU C`Z d H$`mU H$aUmam. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 191) hg: & hgm` Z_:& hUO{ Ah g:. hUO{ V{ ] hUO{M Iam _r Amh{. `$rM{ Ia{ Am_d[ oH$dm Iam "_r' hUO{ [a_{a, Vy Amh{g. Vwbm godZ` Um_ Agm{V. 192) gw[U: & gw[Um` Z_: & (Am_[r) [`mMm d JVrMm amOm JS> ([a_m_m). A` AWmZ{, A`wm_ emIm odVma [mZ{ ([U) Agb{bm AmoU g`mer oZJoS>V _wi{ Amh{V Agm od[r AW djX{Irb _ybV: VyM Amh{g. AmUIr d{Jim >rZ{ Cm_ eara[r djmda ]gyZ $i{ ^m{JUmam Ord[r [jr, gmjr [a_m_m[r [jr, d dj h{ gma{hr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 193) ^wOJm{m_:& ^wOJm{m_m` Z_: & ZmJmVrb AoV[od AZV ZmJ VyM Amh{g. ZmJ m gH$[Z{Z{ Hw$S>obZr AmoU [drbm YmaU H$aUmar Vd{ Xedbr OmVmV. `m_wi{ [drVd Co`V H$aUmam (e{f), earaW Am_m d [am_m`mM{ (e$r d oed `mM{) _rbZ KS>dyZ gmjmH$ma KS>dUmam ( Hw$S>obZr) AmoU g[yU odmM{ gh` [amOmoUd{Z{ g_OUmam KQ>W ZmJ (Hw$S>obZrgXe) VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. ghZ{ && 56 && 57. 194) oha`Zm^: & oha`Zm^m` Z_:& odmMm oZ_mVm ]X{d m [mZ{ d m oH$`{Mm oZ`Vm odUy m gJwU [mZ{ Xeodbm OmVm{. Vw`m gJwU [mV VwPr hr _hVr gVV OmUdV amhm{ hr Vw`mMaUr mWZm. Vwbm AmXa[ydH$ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 195) gwV[m: & gwV[g{ Z_: & ew odMma, ew ^md, ew H$Vr `mMm CJ_ hUO{ d[kmZmdWm. m AdW{V T> amhU{/dmdaU{ hUO{ V[. hUyZ Vwbm gwV[m: hUVmV. VyM Vw`m ^$mMr AV: km OmJdyZ `mZmhr gwV[m: ]ZdVm{g. ]XoaH$ml_r ZaZmam`Um`m [mZ{ AgUm`m V[dr [mM{ V` Ag{M Amh{. Vwbm ^o$[ydH$ Z_Z Agm{. 196)[Zm^: & [Zm^m` Z_: & Zm^rVyZ H$_i d H$_imV od aMUmam ]X{d Ag{ gJwU `mZ [amH$m{Q>rMr gOZerbVm XedV{. `mM_mU{ Zm^rWmZ h{ [amdmUrM{ d dmVWmZ AgyZ `$r`m gd OrdZmM{ oZ`U H|$ Amh{ `mMr OmUrd X{V{. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 197)Om[oV: & Om[V`{ Z_: & odmVrb gd AUya{UyMm CJ_ d hUyZ gdmMmhr o[Vm. Vwbm oH$aU[ydH$ (H$m`m dmMm, _ZmZ{ ) dXZ Agm{. A_`y: gdH$ ogh: gYmVm goY_mZ oWa: & AOm{ Xw_fU: emVm odlwVm_m gwamoahm && 198) A_`w: & A_`d{ Z_: & O_, oWVr (H$Vr, odH$Vr), b` B`mXr gdgm_m` oZ`_ bmJy ZgUmam d Vab AoVdmZ{ A_a AgUmam, oW`VamVrb d A_a Aem Vw`m AV`m_r`m d[kmZmZ{ ^$hr A_a hm{Vm{. Vw`m R>m`r _m`m gd dmr oWaamhm{V AmoU [ma[moaH$ AmoV`mVyZ g^dUmam ^m]S{>[Um, Z{^iQ>[Um, [amdbo]d, AmoU ZmoV`mVyZ `{Umam _mO, Jm|Yi, AmXmgr` Xya hm{D$Z Vw`m H$[{Z{ g`mMm `jmV odO` hm{dm{. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 199) gdH$ & gde{ Z_: & gd H$mhr OmUUmam, oH$mbkmZr, >m d hUyZ Bo`Jm{Ma oH$dm ]woJ` ghZ{ && 57 && 58. Zgb{bm d gdmV`m_r AgUmam. VwP{ kmZ Aearar d Bo`mVrV Amh{ d VwPm gmjmH$mahr _ZmMm b` Pmb{`m. AhH$ma g[b{`m, VXw[ Pmb{`m ^$mbm hm{Vm{. Vwbm _Zm{^md{ Z_Z Agm{. 200) ogh: & oghm` Z_: & [amH$_r d Zme H$aUmam. ogh gmar [mVa{, [oadVZ{ KS>dUmam, `m`m AVJV Agb{bm emV oZ`_. A` AWmZ{ `mM{ kmZ hm{VmM BVa gd Imb`m AdWm Z> hm{VmV, hUO{M Imb`m AdWmM{ pW`Va hm{V{ Agm. d{Jim >rZ{ eara, _Z,dmgZm, H$[Zm B`mXt`m OJbmMm amOm. Vg{M MamMa AoVdmMm amOm. Vwbm gXd gm>mJ oU[mV AgmV{. 201) gYmVm & gYm{ Z_:& MamMa od KQ>Zm d ^yV, ^od`, dV_mZH$mi `mZm EH$_{H$mer Om{S>Umam H$mbmVrV Ba. hUyZ odmM{ E{` gmYUm`m Vwbm gYmVm hUVmV. `mM H$maUmZ{ H$_ d H$_$i `m Xm{hrZmX{Irb Vy Om{S>Vm{g, gmYVm{g. Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. 202) goY_mZ & goY_V{ Z_: & gd H$_}$ `m`m VH$mbrZ Zo_omH$ H$maUmZm Om{S>Umam d Ordm_m hUyZ `m H$_mMr $i{ C[^m{JmUmam d Aem Vh{Z{ gma{ od EH$gY[U{ YmaU H$aUmam. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 203) oWa: & oWam` Z_: & D$Om d H$mim[{jmhr d{JdmZ Agm Vy dd[r T>[U{ oWa Amh{g. H$m{U`mhr H$maUmZ{ ^modV Z hm{Vm Vy A[oadVZr` amhVm{g hUyZ ( _X, Z hbUmam oH$dm Amier `m AWmZ{ Zh{ ) Vwbm oWa: hUVmV. `m ewV_ dd[r VwP{ [a_^$hr Vw`m H$[{Z{ oWa hm{VmV, VY hm{VmV. Vwbm ^md[yU Z_Z Agm{. 204) AO: & AOm` Z_:& dkmoZH$ C[H$aU{ d [oa_mU{ `mZr XmIodVm `{`mgma`m AoVdmV Om{ `{V Zmhr Vm{. A` >rZ{, Vw`m CV_ AoVdmVyZ Aew d Imb`m [mVirda Vy H$YrM AmodH$V hm{V ZmhrV hUyZhr Vy AO: Amh{g. d[mV`m g_`mZm d[mV C[m` gm[S>md{ `m_mU{ O_, _`y, oZo_Vr`m g]Yr`m lmM{ d CmamM{ AgV{. Vy O_bm Zmhrg d Hw$Umbm O_mbm KmbrVhr Zmhrg. H$maU C[ hm{U{, H$mhr Aer C[ hm{U{, C[ Pm`mMm ^mg hm{U{, C[ Z hm{U{ Aem AZ{H$ H$ma{ ghZ{ && 58 && 59. O{ OmUdV{ OmJVr, d[ d Pm{[{Vrb gd{XZmZr hm{Uma{ AoVd, O_]m]VM{ dadaM{ kmZ AgV{. Vx[V{_`{ Ag{ kmZ g[yZ VwP{ gmm_` oZ`d ``mbm `{V{ d ]mH$rM{hr gma{ H$mhr [a_ AW[yU AoVdmV O_mbm `{VM Zmhr `mMr OmUrd hm{V{. `m_wi{ AO: h{ Zmd g_[H$ Amh{ Vwbm _Z:[ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. 205) Xw_fU: & Xw_fUm` Z_: & AoO`. Vw`m[mgyZ oZ_mU hm{U{, VwP{ od_aU hm{D$Z Aodm_m`{`m ]YZmV amhyZ gwI Xw:I{ ^m{JU{ AmoU H$mbmVamZ{ VwP{ kmZ d gmjmH$ma hm{D$Z Vwbm o_iU{ m gm`m oH$`mZm Zo_omH$ H$maU{ hUyZ AZ{H$ e$r O]m]Xma Ag`m Var `mZm AoO` Agm `mMm oZ`Vm VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 206) emVm & em{ Z_: & oZ`Vm. AV:H$me X{Umam, gmjmH$ma KS>odUmam, odmVrb `{H$ ]m]rMm emgH$ oZ`Vm (lwVr, _Vr, AdVma `mma{hr g_mOOrdZ oZ`oV H$aUmam ) VyM Amh{g. Vw`m [m`mer _mP{ oeagm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. & 207) odlwVm_m & odlwVm_Z{ Z_: & `mM{ dUZ Vm{ H$m` Zmhr h{ AZ{H$ H$ma{ gmJyZ ( dUZmVrb AgVmZmhr) H{$b{ OmV{ Agm ldU`m{` g`m_m. EH$mM d{ir Hy$Q>W AmoU gd`m[r AgUm`m [a_m_[r Vw`m gm_`mMr gVV AmR>dU amhm{ d Vw`m [m`mer AIS> Z_Z amhm{. 208) gwamoahm & gwamoaZ{ Z_: & X{dm`m, `m{`m`m, gmYH$m`m ^$m`m (Aodm_m`m$[r Amb{`m AmoU AYm{JVrbm Z{Um`m) eyZm R>ma _maUmam. ^$m`m Aodm_m`{_mU{M `m Xw]i{[UmMm AYm{JVrgmR>r dm[a H$aUm`m AKm{ar Xw>mMm Zme H$aUmamhr VyM Amh{V. VwP{ H$Yrhr od_aU Z hm{dm{ d AYm{JVr m Z hm{dm{ hrM mWZm. Vwbm ^o$[ydH$ gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. JwJwV_m{ Ym_ g`: g`[amH$_: & oZo_fm{@oZo_f: dr dmM[oVXmaYr: && 209) Jw: & Jwad{ Z_: & [yUkmZr, [yU ^mdr AmoU gm`m odmbm Am_kmZH$me X{Umam Agm [odV_ AmoU Am Jw H{$di VyM Amh{g. Vw`mMaUr _mP{ gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. ghZ{ && 59 && 60. 210) JwV_: & JwV_m` Z_: & gdm} kmZ_`V{VyZ (]X{d ) g>rMr aMZm AmoU g>rVrb OrdmMr ], _w_wjw, gmYH$ d og Agm{ CH$mVr `m Xm{htMm H$Vm, oZ`Vm d _mJXeH$ d (OmU`mg gdmV H$R>rU hUyZhr) Jw. `mM_mU{ `$r d H$Vr, g>r d oZ`Vr `mM{ oZ`U H|$ Vy Amh{g d Vw`m^m{dVr h{ gma{ Vw`m BN{>Z{ o$aV Amh{. H$Um`m ^m{dVr Jm{[t$Mr amgH$rS>m d H|$WmZr AgUmam H$U h{ gJwU [X{Irb hmM _oWVmW gyoMV H$aV{. Vw`mMaUr eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 211) Ym_ & YmZ{ & YmZ{ Z_{{: & kmZ`m{bm AoV_ Q>[m. kmZO` AdWmVamVrb, d`o$H$ d _`moXV AoVdmM{ AI{aM{,ew V{Om{_` d [a_m{ AmZX_` AoVdmV hm{Uma{ oW`Va Vy Amh{g. Vwbm ^md[yU Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 212) g`:& g`m` Z_: & ^yV, dV_mZ d ^od` H$mimZ{ ^modV hm{V Zmhr d H$Yrhr ]XbV Zmhr V{ g`. `$r`m Hw$dVrZwgma oVbm OmUdUma{ V{hr g`M. `$rMm odH$mg `o$d g[`mBV[V Pmbm, H$r kmZ|o`mVrb A_`mX OmoUdmZm hm{Um`m MrVrZ{ ] h{ g`, kmZ d AZV Amh{ Ag{ hUVmV. Vg{M g`mZw^dm`m EH$m oWVrV mU AmoU mUmM{ _ybVd Zmam`U h{M oebH$ amhVmV d h{ g` hUO{ VwP{M [, VyM Amh{g. d`o$H$, gHw$oMV d hUyZ _` d Ag` Ag{ gd `m AdW{V oZ^ hm{V{. Vw`m AmR>dUr_`{ `{H$ jU `VrV hm{dm{ d Vw`mMaUr bm{Q>mJU amhm{. 213) g`[amH$_: & g`[amH$_m` Z_: & VwP{ AoVd hr H{$di dmXoddmXmMr oH$dm H$[Z{Mr ]m] Zmhr. Vr EH$mM d{ir `$rbm Am_``, MrVr X{Umar, ^md [mS>Umar d [oaUm_ KS>dUmar EH$_{dmoVr` _hme$r Amh{. hUyZ AoO` Aem Vwbm g`[amH$_: hUVmV. `mM_mU{ doH$ KQ>Zm_mJrb VwPr `edr `Um hrM oMaVZ d emV Ag`mZ{hr Vwbm g`[amH$_: hUVmV. A` >rZ{ [mhVm VwPr MrVr d "" g`_{d O`V{ Z AZV'' ( hUO{M VwPr d`o$H$ AZw^yVr d Ad`o$H$ / gm_moOH$ H$`mU) [a[amer g[yUV`m oZJoS>V AgVmV hUyZhr Vwbm g`[amH $ _: hUVmV. AmoVH$mZm [wH$iXm, X{d gma{ H$mhr _Zw`]wrZ{ [m[[w`mMm odMma H$Z H$aVm{ Ag{ dmQ>V{. `m_wi{ X{dm`m AoVdmodf`r [amYrZ ]ZdUmar Iwir lm V`ma hm{V{. g_mO JV}V OmVm{. ZmoVH$mZm AmoVH$mMr JbV H$iV{. [U ghZ{ && 60 && 61. gd ^moVH$ od AmoU `$rM{$ AmoeH$ AoVd h{M [yU g` _mZ`mMr Km{S>MyH$ V{ H$aVmV. `mVyZ damMma A`m` d [medr[Um $m{$mdV OmVm{ d g_mO JV}V OmVm{. AmoVH$ AmoU ZmoVH$ Xm{K{hr `m`m `m Jm|Yim_wi{ 1) gHw$oMV bm^mV Y`Vm _mZVmV CXmhaUmW [wH$i ZmoVH$ bm{H$hr d`o$H$ `mdhmoaH$ `emV H$VH$`Vm _mZVmV. 2) _Zm{Xw]i H$VrhrZ, fT> ]ZVmV. CXmhUmW [wH$i AmoVH$ bm{H$ X{dmYrZ dm XdmYrZ hm{D$Z ""X{dmZ{ oXb{`m d XdmZ{ oXb{`m'' [oaoWVrV oZoH$`[U{ OJV amhVmV Va [wH$i ZmoVH$ `m`m d`o$H$ `VmZm Amb{`m A[`emZ{ IMyZ Aghm` d d$`JV OrdZ OJVmV. 3) gm[ hUyZ Xm{ar ]S>dV amhyZ/oZaWH$ H$_} H$arV amhyZ H$YrVar _m{j o_i{b, dJmM{ Xma CKS{>b oH$dm H$mVr hm{Bb m Iwim Ame{_mJ{ $a$Q>V OmVmV. CXmhaUmW [wH$i AmoVH$ bm{H$ dfmZwdf}$ d o[TmZo[Tm `dV ^OZ[yOZ, H$rVZ_{i{, XmZY_ dJa{ ]m]r `mMr gm_moOH$ g`wo$H$Vm d C[`w$Vm `mMm odMma Z H$aVm d d`o$H$ OrdZmV `m{` _y`mMm AmodH$ma Z H$aVm H$arV amhVmV Va [wH$i ZmoVH$ bm{H$ H$mVr m H$[Z{Vrb Ame` `modf`rM{ `mM{ AmH$bZ, `m`m H$m`mM{ gm_`, [oaUm_H$maH$Vm AmoU _`mXm, `mM{ dV:M{ d`o$H$ OrdZ AmoU `mVrb gwI g_mYmZW` `mM{ ^mZ ha[yZ d{Jd{Jim Midit_`{ `dVM AmoU ^mdhrZ[U{ YS>[S>V amhVmV. g`mMm O`O`H$ma H$arV _mP{ _VH$ Z{h_r Vw`m MaUr amhm{. 214) oZo_f:& oZo_fm` Z_:& S>m{imMr CKS>Pm[ hm{`mgmR>r ([m[Ur bd`mgmR>r) bmJUmam H$mi Vy H{$di dVw_mmVM Zh{ Va AZVH$mimVM Zh{ Va `{H$ jUm_`{hr Amh{g. `mM_mU{, oZo_f `m gk{VyZ VwPr odg`k, Am_Xeu$ d od_` AdWm Xeodbr Amh{. Vw`m gVV _aUmV _mP{ dd odbrZ hm{dm{ d Vw`mMaUr ^o$[ydH$ gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 215) AoZo_f: & AoZo_fm` Z_: & VwPr kmZ>r H$YrM o_Q>b{br ZgV{ d `m_wi{ MamMamV]m gma{ H$mhr Vy AIS>[U{ d oZaVa OmUVm{g hUyZ Vwbm AoZo_f: ( [m[Ur Z bmdUmam ) Ag{hr hQ>b{ Amh{. dV:M{ odH$maU[, odH|$[ d od_`[ gVV OmUUm`m d [mhUm`m Vw`m [m`r oZaVa Um_ Agm{V. ghZ{ && 61 && 62. 216) dr & odU{ Z_: & gJwU[m_`{ dO`Vr _mi JimV KmbUmam. H$mbmVrV AmoU gm`m [oa_mUmZmhr dV:`m AoH$V R{>dUm`m Vy hr od[r _miM JimV KmVbr Amh{g. Vwbm ^md[yU Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 217) dmM[oVXmaYr: & dmM[V`{ CXmaoY`{ Z_: & g`H$ kmZr, oejH$, CXma]wrMm d ]woO` H$VrMm {aH$. Vw`m g_r[V{`m AmH$mj{V oea Vw`mMaUr amhm{. AJUrJm_Ur: lr_mZ `m`m{ Z{Vm g_raU: & gh_yYm odm_m ghmj gh[mV && 218) AJUr: & AJ`{ Z_{: & g_mJ AmoU [a_[Xm`m _mJmdarb Am_km`mMm Z{Vm. H$maU VyM AZmXr d AZVdmZ{ Am d AoV_ g_mJ d H$`mU_`Vm Amh{g. Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 219) Jm_Ur: & Jm_`{ Z_: & Jm_ hUO{ g_yh. odmVrb dVy d KQ>Zmg_yh `mMm, earamVrb gd Ad`d KQ>H$m`m g_yhmMm AmoU OmoUd{`m ododY [mVim`m g_yhmMm oZ`Vm. hUyZ Vy Jm_Ur: Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 220) lr_mZ & lr_V{ Z_: & lr hUO{M MV`_` kmZe$r (b_r) Z{ `w$ AmoU AVaJ AmZXmZ{ ^aUmam A`V gwXa hUyZ Vwbm lr_mZ hUVmV. AmhmXXm`r od gmX` hr OUw VwPr AZw[_ H$mVr (]modH$ma) hm{`. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 221) `m`: & `m`m` Z_: & `m`: hUO{ doH$ oZ`_mM{ kmZ, AZw^yVr AmoU [mbZ hm{`. `mM_mU{ gmYZ{Mr AMyH$ [V, V, oZ`_ hUO{hr `m`. m Xm{htMr gwdmV d [oaUVr Vw`m BN{>Z{>, Vw`m[mgyZ d Vw`mV hm{V{. hUyZ Vwbm `m` hUVmV. VwPr, gdmZm mr hm{U{ hm AoV_ d AMyH$ `m` Amh{. H$maU [m[[w`m`m odam{Ym^mgmV Xw^Jb{`m [a[a[m{fH$ dmrM{ C`Z d H$`mU hrM A`V B> ]m] Amh{. Vwbm oZaVa Ao^dmXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 62 && 63. 222) Z{Vm & Z{{ Z_: & gm`m odmMm, g_mOmMm AmoU `{H$ `$rMm gajH$, [m{fUH$Vm d _mJXeH$, MamMamMm oZ`Vm. Vy l{> Z{Vm Amh{g. Vw`m AoY>mZmoedm` gma{ H$mhr ^> Amh{, AkmZ_ybH$ Amh{ d Am_dMH$ Amh{. Vw`m [m`mer eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 223) g_raU: & g_raUm` Z_: & gOrdm_Yrb mUVd. h{ mUVdM doXH$ [M_hm^yVm_`{ AmoU Am`wd}X d `m{JmV dm`y hUyZ kmV Amh{. earamVrb AUwa{Uy, [{er`m AmdaUm_YyZ hm{Umar odwV^moaV H$UmMr hmbMmb `m`m_mJ{ Agb{b{ mUVd h{ VwP{ [ AgyZ Vw`m d[mMr H$[Zm [> hmdr hUyZ VwP{ m d[mV X{Irb dUZ H{$b{$ OmV{. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 224) gh_yYm & gh_yY} Z_: & ghmdYr kmZoH$aU[r oea{ AgUmam d Am_kmZr `m{`m`m k{Z{ Ag` AdYmZ{ AgUmam, AmoU hOmam{ _|Xy`m[{jm AoYH$ OmUUmam. Vwbm godZ` Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 225) odm_m & odm_Z{ Z_: & gm`m odmM{ EH$_{d oZ`H$ Vd, Am_m. amO`m{J, ^o$`m{J, H$_`m{J, kmZ`m{J, b``m{J, [yU`m{J B`mXr _mJmZr d Vw`m Zm__aUmZ{ Vw`mer Vx[Vm `{V d ^`, AgwaojVVm, gHw$oMVVm, Z{^iQ>[Um, ]mdiQ>[Um, Iwi{[Um, o^S>V[Um, jw[Um, `yZJS> `mMm Zme hm{Vm{ d ^$hr g_W hm{Vm{. Vwbm H$Vk Um_ Agm{V. 226) ghmj: & ghmjm` Z_: & Ag` S>m{imZr hm{Um`m kmZm[{jmhr AoYH$ [mhUmam. Vwbm Bo`mVrb k{Z{ OmUUma{ `m{Jr d ^$hr AoYH$moYH$ Vab, CXmV d odemb ]ZVmV. `mM{ kmMjyhr VwP{M S>m{i{ Amh{V. hUyZhr Vy ghmj Amh{g. `$t`m AV]m AgUma VwP AoVdM `mMr OmUrd AMyH$, odemb d gIm{b ]ZdV. gdH$mhr [mhUmam d gdm`m >r_mJrb Iam >m Agb{`m VwPm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 63 && 64. 227) gh[mV & gh[X{ Z_: & hOmam{ [m`mZr odm_`{ AdVrU AgUmam d hOmam{ [m`m`m _hme$rZ{$ od [{bUmam, gm^miUmam hUyZ Vwbm gh[mV hUVmV. Vwbm oZaVa Um_ gh[mV Agm{V. AmdVZm{ oZdmm_m gdV: g_XZ: & AhagdVH$m{ dphaoZbm{ YaUrYa: && 228) AmdVZ: & AmdVZm` Z_: & C[mr, oWVr d odb`[r MH$mVJV oMaVZ g`, `m MH$mMm h{Vy d `m MH$mMr [oaUVr, Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 229) oZdmm_m & oZdmm_Z{ Z_: & oZdm Am_m gm`m odmer odm`m gmame^mdmZ{ oH$dm AV`m_mZ{ oZJoS>V [U dVV{Z{ d [oaUm_ey` amhUmam hUyZ Vy oZdmm_m Amh{g. Vwbm _mPm AIS> XS>dV Agm{. 230) gdV: & gdVm` Z_: & PmH$b{ b m. Ah H $mar g H w $ oMV `$rZm `m `m Aod{ _ w i { . Vy Z{ h _r AZw^dmVrV, AmdaUmVJV PmH$b{bm, A` AgVm{g. Aodm Z> hm{VmM AV]m gd [>[U{ JQ> hm{Um`m Vw`mMaUr H$m`_ AZwgYmZ amhy X{ d Vw`mMaUr _mPm _mWm H$m`_ amhy X{. 231) g_XZ: & _XZmW Z_: & g[yU odmMm [whm kmZ_` _hmH$maU[mV odb` KS>dyZ AmUUmam d `$r`m Aod{M{ oZXmbZ H$aUmam. ( AkmZr oOdmZm `m_wi{ [rS>m hm{V{) X oH$dm H$mb m Vw`mM oV_m Amh{V. hUyZ Vwbm g_XZ: hUVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 232) Ah: gdVH$: & Ah: gdVH$m` Z_: & g>rbm M{VZm X{Umam oXdg gy`m_wi{ AmoU gy`mMr H$m`e$r Vw`m_wi{ Amh{. Vy g[yU odmVrb y$Vu$ AmoU OrdZm`m ChmgmMm H$maH$ Amh{g. CJ_ Amh{g. Vwbm eVe: Um_ Agm{V. ghZ{ && 64 && 65. 233) dph: & d{ Z_: & [M_hm^yVmVrb V{O odm_`{ d earam_`{ Amd`H$V{Zwgma e$r X{V{. h{ V{O hUO{M AJr VwP{ [ d H$m`mMm EH$ [by AgyZ, `m_wi{ AmoU WS> X{emV Ord dmMdUmam Ag`mZ{ AJr m Vw`m [mMr AZmoXH$mbm[mgyZ [yOm hm{V{. gd V{OmM{hr V{O Aem Vwbm ^md[yU Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 234) AoZb: & AoZbm` Z_: & dm`y. [M_hm^yVmVrb dm`w d odm{[mrX{Irb H$maUr^yV Aer Am|>H$mae$r, eX] hrVwPrM [{ Amh{V. Am|H$ma_` Vwbm WmZ]Vm d H$mb]Vm Zmhr. Vg{M WmZ_`mXm d H$mb_`mXmhr dmVodH$ VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 235) YaUrYa: & YaUrYam` Z_: & H$U, e{f, A>oXJO d damh [mZr [drbm YmaU H$aUmam. `mMm _oWVmW gma{ od ghO YmaU H$aUmam AmVoaH$ OoUd{Mm [a_m{ Jm^m, OmUrd{M{ _hmH|$, Vw`m m gJwU gmjmH$mamZ{ gd [oaoWVr dV:`m gm_`mZ{ ghO [{b`mMr e$r `{V{. [oaoWVrda _mV H$a`mgmR>r Am_e$rMr mr hm{V{. Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. gwgmX: gm_m odYpd^wpd^w:$& gH$Vm gH$V: gmYw OhZmam`Um{ Za: 236) gwgmX: & gwgmXm` Z_: & _m{jmMm, dmV`m Cm_ gmX, CH$> AmerdmX X{Umam. [m[[w`, MmJb{ dmBQ>, ZrVrAZrVr, eyo_, AmoVH$ ZmoVH$ Aem m_`{ g` ZgV{. `m gm`m mV Ah^mdZ{Z{ bm{iUm`m`m X`r JQ> hm{D$Z gm_`gmjmH$mamMm A`w gmX Vy X{V{g d mVrV AmZXmZw^yVr m H$Z X{Vm{g. odg_d`mMr {aUm X{Vm{g. Vwbm AZ`^md{ H$Vk Um_ Agm{V. 237) gm_m & gm_Z{ Z_: & g Am_m VyM Ordm`m`m d AhH$mam`m ma{ d [M_hm^yVm_H$ d oJwUm_H$ g> rer oZJoS>V hm{D$Z gwIXw:I{ ^m{JVm{g. [aVw VyM VrZ JwU, VrZ AdWm, VrZ bm{H$, Mma dmUr, VrZ X{h, ghm oa[w `m`m AVrV OmD$Z Am_mZw^yVr K{Vm{g d goXmZX_` ]ZyZ OJmbm AmZX X{Vm{g. Vw`mMaUr eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 65 && 66. 238) odYH$ & odYJ{ Z_: & odmMm AmYma. OmoUdm`m AmoU kmZm`m odmMm AmoU odmMm H$mbmVrV AmYma Vy Amh{g. Vwbm AZV Um_ Agm{V. 239) od^wH$ & od^wO{ Z_: & od d `$rM{ AV]m [m{fU H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. Varhr gma{ od AI{arg kmZ_` Aem Vw`m_`{ oMaVZ[U{ `{D$Z o_iV{. hUyZ _bm od^wH$ hUO{ od oJiUmam hUVmV. Vg{M `$rZ{ AZw^db{b{ gma{ H$mhr VwbmM m hm{V{ hUyZhr Vwbm od^wH$ hUVmV. Vwbm gmXa Um_ Agm{V. 240) od^w: & od^d{ Z_: & AZ{H$ [{, AdVma d od^yVt`m [mV AZ{H$dmZ{ dmdaVm{g oH$dm _m`{`m ]YZm_wi{ Vgm ^gVm{g [U _ybV: EH$M AgVm{g hUyZ Vy od^w: Amh{g Vwbm eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 241) gH$Vm & gH$}$ Z_: & gV H$am{oV BoV gH$Vm & `mM `{H$ H$_ oMaVZ, kmZ_` d AmZX_` Amh{ Agm. VwPr `{H$ doH$ H$Vr hr Vw`m Am_[mMr _hm[yOm Amh{ AmoU Vw`m _Vr_`{ VwP{ ^$ H$aVmV Vr `{H$ H$Vrhr AerM [yOm d gH$Vr ]ZV{. Vwbm gmXa oU[mV Agm{V. 242) gH$V: & gH$Vm` Z_: & odmVrb ododY [mVimda dmdaUm`m X{dX{dVmXr e$tZmhr [y` Agb{bm. H$maU `m`mhr AVarMm [a_m_m VyM Amh{g d `m`m `{H$ H$VrMr AoV_ [oaUVrhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 243) gmYw: & gmYd{ Z_: & gmY`oV BoV gmYw: gmYy. `m`m X`r doH$ g`mMm d VXm` oZ`_mMm oMaVZ H$me d MrVr AgV{ AmoU `mMr `{H$ H$Vr `m kmZmVyZ JQ> hm{V{, `edr hm{V{ AmoU odmbm g`mV Z{V{ Agm, gdm}m_ [wf hUO{ gmYw:. `m gd Cm_ d AMyH$ `m`Xm`m JwUmMr [amH$m{Q>r Agb{bm hUyZ VyM Iam EH$_{d l{>V_ gmYy Amh{g. Vw`mMaUr _r ZV_VH$ Amh{. 244) Ohw: & Ohd{ Z_: & ghmag_`r gd od b`mg Z{Umam. Vy odmMm d oVhr bm{H$mMm Zm`H$ AgyZ ghZ{ && 66 && 67. gm`m odmbm ododY mVyZ kmZ_`V{H$S{> Z{>Umam d kmZ_` ]rO[mV Om{[mgUmam (gJwU[m_`{ H$[mVr _hm{XoY_`{ dQ>[mda e`Z H$aUm`m ]miH$Um`m [mV od Om{[mgUmam) Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ dXZ Agm{. 245) Zmam`U: & Zmam`Um` Z_: & Zma: hUO{ b`H$mbrM{ Ob d A`Z_ hUO{ `mda AmT> AgUmam Za: hUO{ _mUyg d A`Z_ hUO{ Ia{ oMaVZ oZdmgWmZ. Vg{M Zmam`U: hUO{ ZamM{ (Ba) doH$ JQ>Z, hUyZ bm{H$H$`mUmMr BN>m H$aU{ hUO{ Vw`m mrgmR>r mWZm H$aU{M hm{` d bm{H$H$`mUmMm gX^ odgaU{ hUO{ Vwbm odgaU{ hm{`. Aem od_aUmV [yOmAMm H$aU{ hUO{ Am_dMZmM hm{`. `$r d odmbm Am_mZw^yVr d oMaVZ _w$r X{Um`m Vwbm H$Vk Z_Z Agm{. 246) Za: & Zam` Z_: & Z`oV BoV Za: & m{$: [a_m_m gZmVZ: & Ba, [a_m_m, oZ`Vm, AZmXr, AZV d AWmJ Agm Vy doH$ KS>m_m{S>r_mU{M `$rMr gmYZm d gXJVrhr oZ`oV H$aVm{g. Vwbm AIS> Ao^dmXZ Agm{. Ag`{`m{@_{`m_m odoe>: oe>H$Nw>oM: & ogmW oggH$[: ogoX: ogogmYZ: & 247) Ag`{`: & Ag`{`m` Z_: & JUZmVrV, drO, dmam, [m{ H $ir, H$mi `m `mhr[{ j m AoYH$ Vab d gy_moVgy_ AmoU AoYH$ `m[H$ d odembhr Ag`mZ{ JUZmVrV. A` >`m [moh`mg AJoUV AdVma, AmodH$ma Agb{bmhr Vy Amh{g Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 248) A_{`m_m & A_{`m_Z{ Z_: & _{` _mS>Um`m, oZ_mU H$aUm`m ]wrMm oZ_mVm d oZ`H$ AmoU Aem ]wrbm AV]m `m[Umam Ag`mZ{ VwP{ AoVd VH$m`m H$gm{Q>rZ{ og H$aVm `{V Zmhr. `mM_mU{ EH$mXr ]m] og H$am`Mr Va `m ]m]r[mgyZ Wi, H$mi, OmUrd m >tZr d{Ji{ d dV AgU{ Amd`H$ AgV{. [U Vw`m ]m]VrV h{ Ae` Amh{. `m_wi{ VwP{ ApVd og H$a`mMm `V H$aU{ `W Amh{ AmoU VwP{ AoVd og Z Pm`m_wi{ Vy Zmhrg Ag{ g_OU{ [amdb]r [am_^mdmM{, X{h]`mYrZV{M{ bjU Amh{. Vwbm _Z:[ydH$ d oZaVa Um_ Agm{V. ghZ{ && 67 && 68. 249) odoe>: & odoe>m` Z_: & gdl{> Ag{ EH$_{dmoVr` g`, _hmodUy. gm`m odmbm d gmYH$mbm AZwH$_{ H$[mVr oH$dm gmYZ{`m [oagr_{da dV:_`{ gm_mdyZ K{Umam. odlmVr X{Umam Ba Vy Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 250) oe>H$V & oe>H$V{ Z_: & gma{ od AMyH$V{Z{ oZ`oV H$aUmam d ^$mZm oZgJoZ`_mM{ ah` CbJSy>Z XmIdUmam d Aw^dmg AmUyZ X{Umam Vg{M ^$mM{ odMma, ^mdZm, H$Vr d `m{OZm `mM{ oZ`U H$aUmam d `mZm Ia{ ehmU{ ]ZdUmam. Vwbm AmoU VwPr H$[m Pmb{`m, C[X{e o_imb{`m, Vw`mer gdmX gmYUm`m, VwP{ gH{$V g_OUm`m _hmZw^mdmZm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 251) ewoM: & ewM`{ Z_: & dV: Aodm_m`{Z{ XyofV Z hm{Umam AmoU Vwar`mdW{V MrVrg `{Umam [odV_ Ba Ag`mZ{ Vwbm ewoM: hUVmV. Vw`mMaUr _mP{ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 252) ogmW: & ogmWo` Z_: & Y_, AW, H$m_ d _m{j m Mmahr [wfmWmMm YZr Vw`m AoVdmVJV AW, JwUg[mr A[oao_V, JhZ, dV:og d [yU Amh{V. oOW{ gmYm`M{ Ag{ gd g[V{ d H{$di [yUdM amhV{ Aem Vwbm Z_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 253) oggH$[: & oggH$[m` Z_: & doH$ oZ`_mZw[ Agb{b{ d `m_wi{ Z{h_rM [yU hm{Uma{ A`o$JV gH$[ H$aVm{ Vm{. Ia{ `m{Jr d VwP{ ^$hr oggH$[ AgVmV. Vw`mMaUr _r brZ Amh{. 254) ogoX: & ogoXm` Z_: & `{H$ H$_mMr AMyH$ $blwVr X{Umam d `m_wi{ VwPr BN>m H$aUm`mZm VwPr mr d BVamZm `m`m _m`m_m{hmoX_wi{ hm{Um`m jw BN>mMr Vr ( d Vm` gwIXw:I{ d AVVm) X{Umam. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 255) ogogmYZ: & ogogmYZm` Z_: & ogrM{ gmYZ. gdl{> ogr (bm^) d ogrM{ gdl{> gmYZ ( _mJ, `VmZm bmJUmar e$r, `VmMr oXem, AZwgYmZmM{ b`) Xm{hr Vy Amh{g. H$m` ghZ{ && 68 && 69. H$maUmVJV AMyH$ Xwdmhr Vy Amh{g. `m_wi{ Vy gdm}m_ `emM{ J_H$ d gdm}m_ `emMm _mJ Amh{g d gdm} `ehr Amh{g.Vwbm _Zm{^md{ Z_Z Agm{. dfmhr df^m{ odUwdf[dm dfm{Xa & dYZm{ dY_mZ odod$: $lwoVgmJa: && 256) dfmhr & dfmohU{ Z_: & hUO{ `kH$_mZVa amohb{`mMm dm_r. `kH$_ hUO{ gma{ gHw$oMV AoVd Bam[U H$aU{. AhH$mamMm hm{_ H$aU{. gmhoOH$M `mZVa oebH$ amhV{ V{ [a_m_Vd. V{ VyM Amh{g. [w`H$_ d `kH$_mM{ (bm{H$H$`mUmgmR>r H{$b{`m H$VrM{) gdm} $i Vr H$Vr `m{` Wir, `m{` H$ma{ d `m{` d{ir H{$`mg o_iV{. hUO{M AMyH$ `kmH$_mZVa o_iUma{ Cm_ $i `mda Adb]yZ Amh{ Agm Cm_ _whyV d Wi. Vw`mMaUr _Z:[ydH$ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 257) df^: & odUd{ Z_: & g[yU odmVrb MamMamV]m KQ>Zm d KQ>ZmH$_mda dma Pmb{bm ( oZ`U R{>dUmam). hUyZM B odUw: odMH$_{ Ag{ C[oZfXm_`{, [wfgw$m_`{ hUVmV. `mM_mU{ odm`m AmoU `$r`mhr AV]m AgUmam d OmoUd{`m gd [mVimgH$Q> gd H$mhr `m[Umam Vy Amh{g, hUyZhr Vwbm odUw: ( l{>V_ AV]m `m[Uma{ AmdaU) hUVmV. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 259)df[dm & df[dU{ Z_: & Y_mMm gm{[mZ. Vw`m Zm__aUmZ{, oMVZmZ{ gZmVZ AOam_a Y_mMr `m`m Am_kmZmoYo>V AoM` Aem Am_gmjmH$mamMr mr hm{U{. hUyZ d f(Y_) [d _ ([m``m, oeS>r) m AWu> Vwbm d f [dm hUVmV. Vwbm _mP{ odma dXZ Agm{. 260) dfm{Xa : & dfm{Xam` Z_: & df hUO{ Y_ d CXa hUO{ [m{Q>, CJ_ oH$dm J^me`. Vy Y_mM{ CJ_WmZ Amh{g. odY_mM{ CJ_WmZ, oH$dm J^me` Agm Vy ``mdV oOdmM{ AoV_ odlmVrWmZ Amh{g. Vwbm gmXa Um_ Agm{V. 261) dYZ:& dYZm` Z_:& gm`m odmM{ AmoU `{H$ `$rM{ gdH$f [m{fU AmoU gdmJrU [m{fU AmoU gdmJrU Ao^dr d odH$mg H$aUmam. AV`m_r amhyZ ^$mZm kmZ d AmZX_` ghZ{ && 69 && 70. Aem AmVoaH$ gm_`mMm, gmjmH$ma KS>dUm`m Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 262) dY_mZ: & dY_mZm` Z_: & odm_H$ Ag`mZ{ d odmMm gdVm{[ar odH$mg d dr hm{V Ag`mZ{ dY_mZ: MamMamVrb gd oH$`mZm gm_mdUma{ AdH$me d H$mi `mZmhr gm_mdyZ `mMrhr gdmJrU dmT> H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. Vw`m [m`mer gmXa Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 263) odod$: $& odod$m` Z_: & EH$mM d{ir gdmV`m_r AgyZhr H$emZ{hr ob Z hm{Umam d ^modV Z hm{Umam ( EH$Q>m AMb, A]moYV) ^$mZmhr m Agm_m` JwUmM{ daXmZ X{Um`m Vwbm oZaVa Z_H$ma Agm{V. 264) lwoVgmJa: & lwoVgmJam` Z_: & Am_]m{YmMm gmJa Vy Am_]m{YmMm _hmgmJa Amh{g. Vw`m[mgyZM F$ftM{ AVaJ[r _{K ]kmZmZ{ ^aVmV AmoU hOmam{ goe`m`m X`H$m{emV C[X{e[r dfmd H$aVmV. mM goe`m`m mWZm[r ObmKmZ{ ^aUm`m Zm {$gmiV [whm VwbmM `{D$Z o_iVmV. Vwbm oZaVa Ao^dmXZ Agm{. gw^wOm{ XwYam{ dm_r _h{m{ dgwXm{ dgw: & ZH$[m{ ]hz[: oeo[od>: H$meZ: && 265) gw^wO: & gw^wOm` Z_: & gma{ od h{ `mM{ Cm_ hmV Amh{V Agm. Vg{M gJwU [m_`{ kmZ, gajU AmerdmX d gJr oejm X{Uma{ gdm}m_ hmV AgUmam. Vwbm oeagm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 266) XwYa: & XwYam` Z_: & X`mH$memV X`H$_br AgyZhr X{h]wrO` AhH$ma d gHw$oMV dmr_wi{ AmH$bZ hm{`mg A`V H$R>rU d Xwm`, VWmH$oWV ]wodV, odMmadV AmoU Vdd{`mMrhr Ah_`Vm d X^ Z ga`m_wi{ `mZmhr m hm{`mg A`V XwH$a Agm Vy Amh{g. _mP{ oea Vw`m [XH$_br amhm{. 267) dm_r & dmo_Z{ Z_: & hUO{ dmMVwa. Cm_ dmUrZ{ g[. Am_kmZmZ{ [yUAem AoM`, ZmX_Ywa d AmZXXm`r dmUrZ{ MamMamZm `m`m AV`m_r JQy>Z dV:H$S{> I{MUmam d ghZ{ && 70 && 71. ode{fV: F$ofOZmZm Am_gmjmH$ma KS>dUmam Vwbm eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 268) _h|>: & _h|m` Z_: & Am_kmZmV Z{Um`m CXmm ^mdZm d _Z `m X{dVmMm Ba, Am_m. gm`m Xdr e$tMm V Ba Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 269) dgwX: & dgwXm` Z_: & AmVoaH$ d ]m Aer gdm}m_ g[mr, E{` hUO{ VwPr gmm. Vw`m ^$mZm hr l{> gmm XmZ H$aUmam hUyZ Vbm dgwX: hUVmV. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 270) dgw: & dgd{ Z_: & E{`. VwPr mr h{M gd l{> YZ hm{`. `mM_mU{{ dmgdoV BoV dgw: hUyZ gd`m[r Agm Vy dgw Amh{V. Vwbm ^md[yU Z_Z Agm{. 271) ZH$[: & ZH$[m` Z_: & ^$mZm AZ{H$ _Zm{d{YH$ [mV XeZ X{Umam, AZ{H$ gJ d AZw^dmVyZ gmjmH$ma X{Umam, `mM_mU{ AZ{H$ AdVmamZr AmodH$V hm{Umam. `mM_mU{ odm`m Ag` KS>m_m{S>r_`{hr AmodH$V hm{Um`m Vwbm _mP{ H$VkVm[ydH$ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 272) ]hz[: & ]hz[m` Z_: & gma{ _m[XS> `m`m _hmZV{g_m{a d odembdmg_m{a oWQ{> [S>VmV Vm{. gd`m[r Aem Vwbm _mP{ odma dXZ Agm{. 273) oeo[od>: & oeo[od>m` Z_: & gHw$oMVVm d jwdmMm `mJ, AhH$ma d d`o$H$ BN>m AmH$mjmMm `mJ, oH$dm `m gm`m BaMaUr g_[U H$a`mMr oH$`m [od H$aUmam. hUO{ `k. Vm{ VyM Amh{g. gmH{$oVH$ ^mf{V `kmMm ]ir hUO{ oeo[ d oeo[od> hUO{ `m ]irMm ^m{Vm. Vg{M odmVrb gd oH$`m CXmhaUmW gy`Mm`m oH$aUmH$adr ObVdmM{ O{ em{fU hm{V AgV{ `m gm`m oH$`mMm hUO{M doH$ `kmMmhr H$maH$ VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ AIS> Z_Z Agm{. ghZ{ && 71 && 72. 274) H$meZ: & H$meZm` Z_: & gdmV`m_r goXmZX_` gm_`mMm H$me bIbIV R{>dUmam hUyZ H$meZ:. Vw`m Zm__aUmV _r ZV_VH$ Amh{. Am{OV{Om{woVYa: & H$mem_m Vm[Z: & F$: [>mjam{ _mew^mH$awoV: && 275) Am{OV{Om{woVYa: & Am{OV{Om{woVYam` Z_: & Cm_ Amam{`, AmMma, odMma d ^mdZmZr m hm{Uma{ V{O d woV hUO{ `m gdmMr A`V a_Ur` AZw^yVr d ^md. gdm}m_ JwUmMr YmaUm H$aUm`m d AV`m_r dgUm`m Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 276) H$mem_m & H$mem_Z{ Z_: & H$memM{ Ia{ gma[.VyM kmZH$me d ^o$H$memMm CJ_ Amh{g. Vwbm ^o$[ydH$ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 277) Vm[Z: & Vm[Zm` Z_: & ododH$mgmVrb AZV AmodH$mamVyZ `$ hm{Umam hUO{ MV`Xm`r gm_`Xm`r [amH$_ ( `m`m{J{ g_mO d `$r dV:`m _w$rMr mr H$Z K{VmV) hUyZ Vwbm Vm[Z: hQ>b{ Amh{. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 278) F$: & F$m` Z_: & `m{Jmma{ m hm{Um`m Y_, kmZ, dam` B`mXr Cm_ JwUmMm, gdH$f gm{Mm AmoU doH$ [mVirda g>r`m g[yU d^dmMm dm_r. Vwbm gm>mJ moU[mV Agm{V. 279) [>mja: & [>mjam` Z_: & [> hUO{ ew AmoU Aja hUO{ AOam_a. Vy dV: AOam_a Amh{g. `m_wi{ VwPr Am{iI [Q>dUma{ H$aUma{ Amh{. Vw`m Zm_m_`{ hr e$r Amh{ d Zm__aUmV gdH$f _w$r $Amh{, odH$mVrMm Ame` Amh{ AmoU odH$mVrMr ]rO{ Amh{V. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 72 && 73. 280) _: & _m` Z_: & _ZZmV m`V{ BoV _: & `m`m _ZZ, oMVZ`w$ O[mZ{ Am_gmjmH$ma hm{Vm{ d _O[ H$aUmar `$r Aod{_YyZ VaV{ `mZm _ hUVmV. Vy C[mgZ{Mr, Zm_O[mMr BN>m X{Umam, O[ H$adyZ K{Umam, d O[ H$aUm`mg m hm{Umam Amh{g hUyZ Vwbm _: hUVmV Vwbm AIS> Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 281) Mmew: & Mmed{ Z_: & MoH$aUm`m erVb JwUmZr [drMm mg d Vm[ Ogm e_odbm OmVm{ d [dr OUwH$mhr am{J_w$ d gwT> hm{V{ VdVM Vw`m gmjmH$mamZ{ emaroaH$, AmoWH$, _mZogH$, ]moH$ d Am`mo_H$ Xmh Z> hm{VmV. hUyZ Vwbm Mmew: ( MoH$aU) hUVmV. Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. 282)^mH$awoV: & ^mH$awV`{ Z_: & gy`oH$aUm_mU{ gm`m odmbm d odmVrb kmdV V{Odr od^yVtZm Vy MV` XmZ H$aVm{g hUyZ Vwbm ^mH$awoV: (gy`oH$aU) hUVmV. A` >rZ{ [moh`mg gy`oH$aUmVJV (MoH$aUm_mU{M ) JwUdoe>mMm dm_rhr VyM Amh{g hUyZ Vwbm ^mH$awoV: hUVmV. Vwbm odma Um_ Agm{V. A_Vmey^dm{ ^mZw: eeo]Xw: gwa{a: & AmfY OJV: g{Vw: g`Y_[amH$_: && 283) A_Vmeyd: & A_Vmeydm` Z_: & A_V_WZmVyZ C[ hm{Umam hUyZ Vwbm A_Vmeyd: hUVmV. `m eXmVyZ `o$OrdZmVrb AmoU odH$mgmVrb m_H$ oH$`m AmoU Aem oVoH$`m_YyZ oZ_mU hm{Umar Am_gmjmH$mar, doH$ >r, odm_H$Vm Xeodbr OmV{. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 284) ^mZw: & ^mZd{ Z_: & _ybV: gy` AmoU `mM{ H$m` hm VwPm AmodH$ma Amh{ AmoU gm`m odmbm d OmoUd{`m j{mbm M{VZm X{Umam H$mbmVrb gy`hr VyM Amh{g. hUyZ Vwbm ^mZw: (gy`) hUVmV. Vwbm ^o$[ydH$ XS>dV Agm{V. 285) eeo]Xw: & eeo]XM{ Z_: & Mmda gemgmaIm S>mJ AgVm{ hUyZ Mmbm eeo]Xw: hUVmV. [drbm ghZ{ && 73 && 74. erVbVm X{`mMm Mm_Yrb JwU Vw`m[mgyZ C[ hm{Vm{ oH$dm VyM `m JwUmMm AmoU [oaUm_mMm YmaUH$Vm d H$maH$ Agm _h{a (M S>m{`mV YmaU H$aUmam eH$a h{ gJwU [ ) Amh{g. Vwbm ^md[yU Z_Z Agm{. 286) gwa{a: & gwa{am` Z_: & odmVrb d{Jd{Jim X{dX{dVmMm (e$r) AmoU `$rVrb _wo$Xm`r ^md ^mdZmMm H$Vm, dm_r, Ba VyM Amh{g. Vwbm eVe: Um_ Agm{V. 287) AmfY & AmfYm` Z_: & d[m`m AkmZm_wi{ hm{Um`m [adeV{VyZ d d{XZm_YyZ _w$r X{Uma{ hUyZ Vy d VwP{ _aU mZm AmfY hQ>b Amh{. Vw`m _aUmZ{ AmoU kmZmZ{ AgwaojVVm, Aghm`[Um, [amdbo]d, AJoVH$Vm Ag{ am{J Va Z> hm{VmVM. [aVw emaroaH$ `mYr Z> hm{`mgmR>rhr Vw`m Zm__aUmMm C[`m{J hm{Vm{. gm_` d Amam{`Xm`r Ag{ gdm}m_ AmfYM AgUm`m Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 288)OJV:g{Vy & OJV: g{Vd{ Z_: & odmVrb MamMa dVy, `$t`m OmoUdm, `mMr AV:H$aU{, ododY KQ>Zm_mJrb oZgJoZ`_, H$mimVrb AdW{Mm gmjmH$ma h{ gma{ Om{S>Umam. AkmZm`m PPmdmVr _hmb`mV AmYma d gajU X{D$Z Vw`m H$mbmVrV AoVdmMr oMaVZ MrVr X{Umam hUyZhr Vwbm OJV: g{Vw: hUVmV. Ah^mdO` wQ>r`m ImBVyZ goXmZX_` [bVrar Z{Umam _hmg{Vw Aem Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. 289) g`Y_[amH$_: & g`Y_[amH$_m` Z_: & odmVrb oMaVZ d A]moYV[U{ Mmby AgUm`m oH$`m_mJrb AOam_a d _hmZ gm_`dmZ Vd. `m_wi{ Vw`m _aUmVM I`m d Agb em`mMm gmjmH$ma hm{Vm{. Vwbm AmXa[ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. ^yV^`^dmW: [dZ: [mdZm{@Zb: & H$m_hm H$m_H$H$mV: H$m_: H$m_X: ^w: && 290) ^yV^`^dmW: & ^yV^`^dmWm` Z_: & ^yVH$mi, ^od`H$mi AmoU dV_mZH$mi `m VrZhr H$mim[{jm gy_ d `m[H$ Ag`mZ{ m oVKm`mhr AmVrV d oVKmMmhr dm_r. VwP{ Ag{ AoVd, T>m{]i AWmZ{ AgU{ d ZgU{ `m`m [brH$S{> Amh{. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 74 && 75. 291) [dZ: & [dZm` Z_: & `$r`m earamV d ]mh{a gy_Va Aem odw^moaVH$UmMr (lons), $H$meH$UmMr (Photons)$dm odO{Mr (Electrons)$hmbMmb Agm{ AJa VmaH$mMr, AmH$meJJmMr AoVMS> hmbMmb Agm{. `mMm OZH$ d oZ`Vm VyM Amh{g. `m Vw`m JwUmbm mU, dmV B. gkm Amh{g. _Zm{d{J d gH$[erbVm `m_mJ{hr mU AgVm{. OmoUd{`m odH$mg[mVirZwgma odH$ogV H{$b{`m ododY _m{O[m d ]moH$, _mZogH$ MmH$Q>t`m ma{ h{ d[ OmUVm `{V Zmhr. gdH$mhr AemH$ma{ [XZerb d ew ]ZdUm`m Vwbm ^md[yU Z_Z Agm{. 292) [mdZ: & [mdZm` Z_: & gm`m odmda H$mimMr gmm AgV{. H$mimMm _oh_m AJmY AgVm{. H$mim_mU{ `wJ{ d `wJmZwgma `wJY_ KS>VmV d ]XbVmV. [aVw H$mim`m m Am{Kmda AmoU C[am{$ mUdm`yda VwPr gmm Amh{. VyM gma{ od, Vw`m C[oWVrZ{ ew [od ]ZdVm{g. odgH$[ d `o$gH$[ h{ X{Irb Vw`m_wi{ d Vw`m gm{Z{ CXmm d ew hm{VmV. Vwbm AV:H$aU[ydH$ dXZ Agm{. 293) AZb: & AZbm` Z_: & AZ= mU b = m H$aU{. odmVrb d earamVrb MV`, V{O oH$dm Ar. hm AJr gOrdmVrb gd hmbMmbr_mJrb mUVdmbm YmaU H$aVm{. m H$maUmVd Ao[yOm ^$rZ{ H{$br OmV{. oh_[mVm`m X{emV d H$mimV Va AJr hUO{ gajH$ A^` X{Uma{ daXmZM.KZKm{a Aa`mV AJr hUO{ _Zw`m`mZm _m{R>m AmYmaM. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 294) H$m_hm & H$m_Z{ Z_: & MamMam`m JVr_mJrb {aUm, emarnaH$, AmoWH$, amOH$s`, ]moH$, _mZogH$, ^mdoZH$, AmH$mjm d ^m{J{N>m m gm`mMm H$maH$ Vy Amh{g AmoU m gdmda odO` o_idyZ d`o$H$, gHw$oMV BN>m-AmH$mjm, Amg$s d H$[ZmMm hm{_ ` H$adyZ ^$mZm dV:_`{ g_ag H$$Z K{Umamhr Vy Amh{g. hUyZ Vwbm H$m_hm (BN>{Mm Zme H$aUmam) hUVmV. Vwbm H$Vk oU[mV Agm{V. 295) H$m_H$V$& H$m_H$V{ Z_:$& `{H$ BN>m h{ _ybV: VwP{M [ Amh{. `{H$ Vh{Mr ^m{JdmgZm, Vi_i, {_ odah, _rbZ, AmV Am{T>, oOkmgm hr gmar VwPrM [{ Amh{V. hUyZ Vy H$m_H$Vy ghZ{ && 75 && 76. Amh{g. VwP{ _bm AIS> _aU amhm{ AmoU Vwbm oZaVa Z_Z Agm{. 296) H$mV: & H$mVm` Z_: & Vw`m XeZmZ{ CH$Q>, AV:H$aU CM]iyZ Q>mH$Uma{ ^md C[ hm{VmV, AVb` d Vmb oZ_mU hm{Vm{. Am_gJrVm`m bhar gwg][U{ d _YwaV{Z{ gdmJr ^aVmV hUyZ Vwbm H$m V : hUO{M gwXa oH$dm$ jwbH$ gwIXw:ImMr OZZr Or _m`m oVMm [Vr hUVmV. OrdZ gmX`mMm _hm{XYr Aem Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. 297) H$m_: & H$m_m` Z_: & gm`m MamMamMr Am_kmZmMr, Vw`m mrMr AoV_ d _yi BN>m Or `mZm [wH$iXm H$iV Zmhr, [U H$m`aV AgV{. AmoX_ g_mO VwPr (g`mMr) H$[Zm H$arV Ag{. [wT{> `mZm Vw`m JwUmMr A[> OmUrd eX[mV Pmbr. [wT{> Vw`m doH$ d[mM{ XeZ odMmam_Yrb [>V{`m [mV Pmb{. _J AZw^yVr Pmbr. ZamMm Zmam`U ]Z`mMr AdWm _Zw`mZ{ JmR>br. _mZdmbm g_Oy bmJb{ H$r _JOimM{ AgU{, d[mM{ AgU{, ^mgmM{ AgU{, H$[Z{M{ AgU{, Ag{ Ag`mM{ ododY H$ma AgVmV. oWa JmS>rM{ AgU{, Mmb`m JmS>rM{ AgU{, odO{M{ AgU{ Ag{hr Ag`mM{ H$ma AgVmV. `mM_mU{ eara, ^mdZm, AZw^d `mM{ AgU{hr d{Jd{Ji{ Amh{. Am_km`m`m _wImZ{ Vy dmadma XmIdyZ oXb{ H$r Am_[r Aem VwP{ AoVd h{M gdmoYH$ g` d gmm[r AoVd Amh{ AmoU Am_`m VWmH$oWV OmJ{[Ur O{ g` ^mgV{ `mM{ AgU{ h{ Vw`m Ag`m`m VwbZ{_`{ [m{H$i, N>m`mdV AmoU ^m_H$ Amh{. Vg{M Vx[V{`m MrVr`m VwbZ{_`{ BVa gd AZw^d dadaM{, CWi AmoU $gd{ Amh{V. Vy AmoU Vw`m AZw^yVr`oVoa$ BVa H$mhrhr [ma_moWH$ ([a_ AW[yU, J^) g` Zmhr. `$r d g_mOmbm oXem X{Umar Vx[V{Mr, Am_MrVrMr Am{T> ( H$m_: hUO{ VwPM [ Amh{. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. H$m_:) 218) H$m_X: & H$m_Xm` Z_: & gHw$oMV AoVdmMm `mJ H$Z `m`mV dV:bm odaKiy md{, Agm `m`m g{d{V dV:bm g_[U H$a`mMr BN>m Yamdr d `m`m g_r[V{Mr AmH$mjm Yamdr Agm hUyZ Vwbm H$m_X: hUVmV. Vwbm Z_ Um_ Agm{V. 299) ^w: & ^d{ Z_: & gdm$`m AoVdmMm, ododY OmoUdmMm, `m gd g`m`m odH$mgmMm, AmoU H$mimMmhr dm_r VyM Amh{g. hUyZ Vwbm ^w: (emVm, AoY[Vr, gMmbH$, ghZ{ && 76 && 77. gmmYre, Aml`XmVm, gajH$) hUVmV. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. `wJmoXH$wJmdVm}$ ZH$_m`m{ _hmeZ: & AX`m{ `$[ ghoOXZVoOV && 300) `wJmoXH$V & `wJmoXH$V{ Z_: & Vw`m_wi{ H$mi, H$mim_wi{ H$mi_oh_m, H$mi_oh`m_wi{ `wJ{, `wJm_wi{ g>r d g_mOmVrb CH$mVr, `m `wJmZwgma AmoU `m`m doe>`mZwgma ZrVroZ`_ d Ba gmYZ{M{ oZ`_, [Vr B`mXr R>aVmV. hUyZ Vwbm (`wJmMm oZ_mVm) `wJmoXH$VV hUVmV. Vwbm eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 301)`wJmdV: & `wJmdVm` Z_: & `wJmM{ `{U{ d OmU{, `mM{ odoe> [oaUm_, OmoUdmMm odH$mg h{ gma{ H$mhr _ybV: VyM Amh{g. H$maU Vy H$mbmVrV Agm H$mbMH$mMm dm_r Amh{g. Vwbm gmXa Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 302) ZH$_m`: & ZH$_m`m` Z_: & AVoajmV ^_U H$aUma{ H$m{Q>`dYr Vma{, AmH$meJJm AmoU AVami, AdH$me, H$mi hm odmMm [gmam hUO{ VwP{ AmodH$ma Amh{V. m AmodH$mamZm _ybVd d g[yU g` g_OyZ amhU{ hrM Aodm hm{`. Vy `m`m AVrV d dmo_dmZ{ amhVm{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 303) _hmeZ: & _hmeZm` Z_: & _hV AeZ `` g: & gma{ `m` od (_m`m) goXmZXKZ Aem Vw`m_`{ od$Z OmV{. Vg{M `m odmMm AZw^dX{Irb Vw`m AoVdm`m OmoUd{Z{ _Zw` oZ^`, gwaojV, CXma, gmohUw AmoU g_W ]Zy eH$Vm{ AmoU Vw`m H$[{{Z{ odH$`mU gm` H$ eH$Vm{. gHw$oMV bm^mgmR>r AZw>mZ{, dV{dH$`{, X{dX{dH$r, hm{_hdZ H$aU{ hUO{ dV:`m ]moH$ AmoU _mZogH$, emaroaH$ d AmoWH$ e$rMm Jadm[a hm{`. odH$`mUH$mar JwUmMm CJ_ Aem Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 304) A`: & A`m` Z_: & odembd, gy_d, Vabd, CVmdWm m gdM ]m]VrV l{> d >m Ag`mZ{ Vwbm [mhU{ dm OmUU{ Ae` Amh{. >m hm "`' ]ZV Zmhr. oH$dm Vbm [mhUmam Vx[ Pm`mZ{ d{Jim CaV Zmhr hUyZ Vwbm gHw$oMV AoVd d{Ji{ R{>dyZ "[mhUmam' Hw$UrM Zmhr. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. ghZ{ && 77 && 78. 305) A`$[: & A`$[m` Z_: & oH$dm `$[: & `$[m` Z_: & H$_~o`{ , kmZ|o`{, _Z, ]wr, AhH$ma B`mXr H$m{U`mhr gmYZmZ{ VwPr W{Q> MrVr oH$dm$ `` `{V Zmhr. H{$di V_` Pmb{`mZm gHw$oMV `$r hUyZ Vwbm g_o[V Pmb{`mZm, d{Ji{ AoVd Z amohb{`mZmM Vy OmUdVm{g. "oXgVm{g'. Vwbm _Z:[ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. 306) ghoOV & ghoOV{ Z_: & Vy gma{ H$mhr qOH$b{b{ Amh{g. Vg{M Vw`mer g_ag Pmb{b{ gd ^$ hrZ d A`m` dmr, X{h]wr d AhH$mamda odO` o_idVmV. Vw`mM H$[{Z{ V{ ew, oZ[h d oZ:[j[mVr hm{VmV. Vw`mMaUr _bm oZaVa ZV_VH$ amhy X{. 307)AZVoOV & AZVoOV{ Z_: & gma od h{ H$m`H$maU ^mdm_`{ ]gd`mMm IQ>mQ>m{[ H{$`mZVa ( Om{ Vw`m BN{>Z{ e` hm{Vm{) h{ od hUO{ H{$di VwPr brbm Amh{ h{ EH$_{d g` Amh{ `mMr MrVr `{V{. `mM_mU{ Aer brbm H$aUmam Vy AIS> Z{h_rM odO`r hm{Vm{g `mMr [whm [whm MrVr `{V{. JyT>a` d H$m`m_ Aem Vw`m AIS> odO`r gm_`mbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. B>m{ odoe> : oe{>>: oeIS>r Zhwfm{ df: & H$m{Yhm H$m{YH$H$Vm od]mhw_hrYa: && 308) B>:& B>m` Z_: & [ma[moaH$ `kmV AmdmhZ H{$b{br X{dVm. A` >rZ{ ohVH$maH$ Ag{ {_mM{ b` H$iV, ZH$iV gd OmoVY_m`m d odMmam`m bm{H$mH$Sy>Z ododY H$ma{ VwPrM ^$r hm{V{. "" gd X{d Z_H$ma: H{$ed oV JN>oV &'' Vw`m ^$rZ{ d Vw`m H$[{Z{M ""dgwYdHw$Qw>]H$_'' hr H$[Zm d doH$ gH$Vr `jmV, AmMaUmV `{D$ eH$V{. H$maU gH$VrM{ _yi J^ [am[eu$ OmoUd{V Amh{ Or Vw`m _aUmZ{M m hm{V{. Vwbm AZ`^mdmZ{ Z_Z Agm{. 309) odoe>: & odoe>m` Z_: & Vy odoe> hUO{ gdmV`m_r dgUmam Agm Amh{g. [aVw `m Vw`m AV`m_rdmMr OmUrd, _Zm`m Wybdm_wi{, eXm`m (_`moXV ]wrbm H$iUm`m) AWmVM AS>Hy$Z $[S>`mMm d^mdm_wi{, ^$mbm gVV amhU{ A`V H$R>rU Amh{. Vw`m oZaVa _aUmV Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 78 && 79. 310) oe{>>: & oe{>>m` Z_: & oe> B>: `` g: & oe> hUO{ kmZr. `mMm o` hUyZ oe{ > : gm`m odm_H$ E{`mMm oZ`Vm d hUyZ Iam E{`dmZ VyM Amh{g h{ `mZmM H$iV. `m_wi{ `mMm AmMmaodMma ew BN>mAmH$mjm[mgyZ _w$, Aob d dV amhVm{ d `mM{ AoVd Vw`mer ^$_[U{ d AVwQ>V{Z{ oZJoS>V amhV{. m km`mZm kmZ X{Umam d `mM{ AmMma odMma g_r[V{Z{ d {_mZ{ oZ`oV H$aUmam. Aem Vw`mMaUr gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 311 ) oeIS>r & oeIoS>Z{ Z_: & gJwU [mV _m{amM{ [rg ( _m{a hUO{ od{M{/gadVrM{ dmhZ. _m{amM{ [rg h{ od{M{ oMh.) S>m{`mda YmaU H$aUmam. VyM kmZ`m{JmXt>Mm U{Vm Amh{g. `m{Jr ^$mMr km H$m`mVyZ VwPrM [yOm H$aV{. Vwbm eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 312) Zhwf: & Zhwfm` Z_: & ]YZ. [ma[moaH$ AWmZ{ B[Xr odamO_mZ hm{Umam Zhwf d `mMr ^m. d{Jim >rZ{ B=_Z. AZ _Zm{b` hm{VmM H$Q> hm{Umam, Agmhr AW hm{D$ eH{$b. ^$mZm `m`m Aod{Z{ (dmgZm/^mdZm/odMma `m`m ma{) ]mYUmam AmoU `m`m gXgXodd{H$mma{ (dV:er EH$[ H$$Z) _w$ H$aUmam VyM Amh{g. Xwg`m >rZ{ dV:`mM _m`{Z{ d{>rbm J{b{bm Agmhr AW hm{Vm{. Vwbm eVe: oU[mV Agm{V. 313) df:$& dfm` Z_:$& dfm{ oh ^JdmZ Y_:$& ApVdmMm oZ`_. H$[{Mm AIS> dfmd H$aUmam _hmXmVm. OmoUd{`m CH$mVrMm [na[m{f d `mma{ [a[am_Yrb CXmm {_ odH$ogV H$aUmam. Ordemr` CH$mVrM{ A`mgH$, `m CH$mVr`m _wimer Agb{`m m H$mbmVrV {aU{H$S>{/ `U{H$S>{ H$iV-ZH$iV Xwbj H$aVmV. dmVodH$ CH$mVrM{ H$maU, `Um d h{Vyhr VyM Amh{g. A` >rZ{, MamMamM{ _yi d$[ d oZ`H$ _yi Vd hUO{ Y_ (df:) VyM Amh{g. Hy$Q>W d AV]m gd Y_$[ AgUm`m Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. 314) H$m{Yhm$& H$m{YK{ Z_:$& gd ^md^mdZmMm d hUyZ H$m{YmMmhr CJ_ AmoU m OmoUd{Z{ H$m{YmM{ `WmW $[ OmUdyZ X{Umam d AI{arg AoZ`oV H$m{YmM{ CmQ>Z H$aUmam VyM Amh{g. Vw`m MaUr _VH$ pWa amhm{. ghZ{ && 79 && 80. 315) H$m{YH$H$Vm$& H$m{YH$H$} Z_:$& gd jwdm`m odam{YmV dmQ>Mmb H$a`mg {aH$ Agm Xw>X_ZH$mar, oZ:dmW d gmodH$ amJ Vw`m[mgyZM w$aVm{. m $[mZ{ X`mV dgUmam Vy ^$mM{ hrZd AmoU gHw$oMV[Um Z> H$aVm{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 316) od]mh:$& od]mhd{ Z_:$& gma{ od AmoU `$sM{ ApVd hr Vw`m C[mJm_mU{ (hmV) Amh{V. odeara AmoU gOrdmM{ X{h `mVrb _hmZ MV` Vy AgyZ Vw`m MV`_` A_VHw$^m`m Aj` H$[mXmZmZ{M odH$`mU hm{D$ eH$V{. qH$]hZm Vx[Vm h{M gHw$oMV d jw ^_m`m Jwbm_rVyZ g` Aem VwPr MrVr hrM Iar _w$s d H$`mUdWm hm{`. oZ:dmW C[H$ma, XmZ, g{dm, H$m`, odMma, `m{OZm m`mhr X]mdmVyZ _w$s Vw`m MrVrZ{ e` hm{V{. ^_ dmWu Agm{ (selfish illusion) dm oZ:dmWu (selfless illusion) Hy$aVm[yU Agm{ dm X`m, `mMr [naUVr g`m`m MrVrV hm{U{ h{M H$`mUmM{, gmdoH$ CWmZmM{ d doH$ H$mVrM{ d$[ hm{`. gm{`m ^mf{V g_OyZ `m`M{ Va doH$ H$`mUH$mar, H$mVrMm `mg h{Vy, gmYZ AmoU d$[ `mM{ [naUV d$[ hUO{ VwP{ Zm__aU d Vx[Vm Amh{. Vwbm eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 317) _hrYa$& _hrYam` Z_$& _hr hUO{ [yOm, [dr, Jm` B`mXr. [yOm m H$aUmam Vg{M [drbm AmYma X{Umam hUyZ Vwbm _hrYa hUVmV. Vg{M JmBbm AmYma (gajU X{Umam ) VyM Amh{g. JmB[mgyZ o_iUma{ [MJ` (Jm{_`, XyY, Jm{_y, Vy[, Xhr, Jm{am{MZ B`mXr. ) AmoU JmBMr emV dmr h{ ode{f JwUhr Vw`m[mgyZM C[ Pmb{ Amh{V. `mM_mU{ b`H$mbr oe`mZm AmYma X{Um`m [dVmZmhr _hrYa hUVmV. AZV [mZr JQ> hm{Um`m Vwbm odZ_ Z_Z Agm{. A`wV oWV mU mUXm{ dmgdmZwO$& A[m oZoYaoY>mZ__m oVo>V$&& 318) A`wV$& A`wVm` Z_$& IbZerbVm, odH$madeVm, A`m`]wr, _mXerbVm, jU^Jwad, Xw]i{[Um, [am^d, hmZr `m`m AVrV Agm Vy EH$_{d [odV_ Ba Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 80 && 81. 319) oWV$& [oWVm` Z_ $& MamMmbm AV]m `m[Umam d Am_kmZr ^$m`m [yOm, VwVr,C[mgZm d BVa bm{H$H$`mUH$mar H$m`mZ{ od^amV gdmV ogX Agm.Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 320)mU $& mUm` Z_ $& H$mbmVrV Aem mUe$s`mma{ odmVrb d ode{fV gOrdmVrb AodaV [XZmMm H$Vm d oZ`Vm. Aod{`m AYrZV{VyZ d{Jd{J`m _mJmZr dmYrZVm m Pmb{`m Am_gmjmH$mar ^$mZm mM [XZmM{ gya oZgr_ AmZX AmoU g_mYmZ X{VmV. 321) mUX$& $mUXm` Z_ $& mUe$sMmXmVm hUyZ Vwbm mUX. VyM gm`m odmbm mUmdmQ>{ M{VZm X{Vm{g.Vw`m H$[{Z{ mUm`m_,mUYmaUm B`mXtma{ Vw`m ApVdmMr odbm{^Zr` MrVr `{V{, Vg{M jw Amem-AmH$mjm g[yZ OmVmV. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 322) dmgdmZwO$& dmgdmZwOm` Z_$& H$`[ d AmmoXVr `mM{ BmZVaM{ oVhr OJmZm `m[yZ CaUma{ dm_Z h{ A[`. VmodH X>`m B hUO{ _Z d dm_Z hUO{ _ZmZVaM{ Vd, Bda{Um, O{ gwfwr, dZ d OmJVr m oVhr AdWmZm qOH$V{. _ZmMm odb` `mV hm{Vm{ Aem Vwbm oZaVa Z_Z Agm{. 323) A[m oZoY$& A[m oZY`{ Z_$& mU, A[mZ, `mZ, CXmZ d g_mZ `m [mM dm`y[H$r A[mZ dm`wM{ WmZ d Hw$S>obZr e$s VyM Amh{g. A` >rZ{ Oo_Zrdarb g_w, Vbmd, Oo_Zr`m AmVrb Pa{, earamVJV Ob, ododY $oQ>H$mVJV Ob dJa|M{ _ybWmZ VyM gd _hm^yVmMmM CJ_ Aem Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. 324) AoY>mZ_$& AoY>mZm` Z_$& gd [M_hm^yV{, V_m{, ]wr, AhH$ma, _hV, B`mXr MamMamMm AoY>mVm Vy Amh{g. h{ gma{ H$mhr Vw`m_wi{M, C[mXmZ hUyZ Amh{. hr OmUrd d Vm` ^o$[ydH$ gdd Vw`mMaUr g_o[V Agm{. ghZ{ && 81 && 82. 325) A_V$& A_mm` Z_$& d|Yi{[Um, gwV[Um, _X[Um, Pm{[, Amig dJa{ AoO]mV Zgb{br AmoU XjVm, OmJH$Vm, gmdY[Um, AmZX, Z_Vm Agb{br OmoUd{Mr A`w AdWm. m gXm V{Odr d CV Aem Vw`m AdW{mam odoZ`_ gMmobV hm{VmV. Vw`m H$[{Z{ [am[eu AVkm OmJV hm{V{ d VwPm gmjmH$ma hm{Vm{. Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. 326) oVo>V$& oVo>Vm` Z_$& d[r H$m`_ odamO_mZ AgUmam, H$YrM Z T>iUmam. H$m{U`mhr H$maUmZ{ ^modV qH$dm odMobV Z hm{Umam. Vw`m [m`mer Z_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. H$X H$XYam{ Yw`m| daXm{ dm`wdmhZ$& dmgwX{dm{ ]hX^mZwamoXX{d [waXa$&& 327) H$X$& H$Xm` Z_$& g[yU odm_`{ A_V[mZ{ OrdZ ag__ H$aUma{, mdr H$aUma{ d dm`w[mZ{ OrdZ JoV_mZ d ewH$ H$Z g_Vm{b gmYUma{ ([M_hm^yVmV`m_rM{ ) _hmVd. gJwU [m_`{ oedmMm [w H$moVH{$` h{ VwP{M [. d`o$H$ [mVirda _Z, oMmdmr Bm`mXtMr MMbVm C`Z d _Zm{b`Vhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 328) H$XYa$& H$XYam` Z_$& gJwU[m_`{ H$moVH{$`/g]`_ `mMm o[Vm AmoU A`wV_ Y_mM oZYmZ H|$WmZr ]miJUmam oed. VmodH$Q>m odY_mM{ H|$ AmoU `$sbm m Y_ H|$mer oZJoS>V R>{dUma{ _hVd, _hm_ [wf VyM Amh{g. X`mV`m_r AgUm`m Vwbm AmXa[ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. 329) Yw`$& Yw`m` Z_$& BdamMm dmhH$ hUO{M Bar Vd d Vm` Y_mMm, odY_mMm, odY_mMm, od`m[mamMm oZ`Vm VyM Amh{g. _hmgmmYre Aem Vwbm Z_ oU[mV Agm{V. 330) daX:$& daXm` Z_:$& O{ O{ gdl{> Amh{, Cm_m{m_ Amh{, CV _Zmma{ BpN>b{ J{b{b{ Amh{, V{ KS>dyZ AmUUmam odmoY[Vr. Vwbm oeagm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 82 && 83. 331) dm`wdmhZ:$& dm`wdmhZm` Z_:$& _hmMS> d AoVgy_ $[mZr odmVrb MS> KS>m_m{S>t_mU{M gy_moVgy_ hmbMmbr KS>dyZ AmUUm`m AdhZ, dhZ, oddhZ, [a_dhZ, ChZ, gdhZ AmoU [nadhZ m gmV _V $[mVrb dm`yMm {aH$ d dmhH$ (oZ`Vm) Vy Amh{g. Vwbm ^md[yU Z_H$ma Agm{V. 332) dmgwX{d$& dmgwX{dm` Z_$& gd [na_mUmZr `m AmoU gd [na_mUmZm `m[Umam. C[mgZm, gXmMaU AmoU odm{WmZ h{ H{$di Vw`m AoY>mZmZ{M KSy> eH$VmV. Vw`m gajUmVM [ma [Sy> eH$VmV. dgwX{d[w ]mbH$U (hUyZ dmgwX{d ) h{ VwP{ gJwU [ hm{`. m AdVmamma{M Vy OJXJwMr CmwJ ^wo_H$m [ma [mS>bmg. Vwbm AVH$aU[ydH$ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 333) ]hX^mZw$& ]hX^mZd{ Z_$& gy`, M, Vma{, AmH$meJJm, gOrd, gOrdm`m OmoUdm B`mXr gm`mZm MV`_` d kmZ_` H$me X{Umam Vy, OUw H$mhr ghH$m{Q>r gy`mMm g_yh Amh{g. hUyZ Vwbm ]hX^mZw _m{R>m gy` hUVmV. _oWVmWmZ{ [mhVm gy`m[{jm AoYH$ CV_ Ag{ VwP{ ApVd Amh{ H{$di _m{R>{ Zh{. Vwbm oZaVa Z_Z Agm{. 334) AmoXX{d$& AmoXX{dm` Z_$& g[yU odm`m Ama^r gdW_ AgUmam X{d. hUO{M g>r`m C[mrM{ _hmH$maU. JrV{_`{ dUZ H{$b{`m AW djm`m _wimMmhr CJ_ hUO{hr VyM Amh{g. gdmZm o` AgUm`m d F$of_wZtH$Sy>Z [yoO`m OmUm`m Vw`m [mbm _mP{ gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 335) [waXa$& [waXam` Z_$& Y_odam{Yr VdmM{ oZXmbZ H$aUmam d Y_[m{fH$ VdmM{ gJm{[Z H$aUmam, hUO{ [waXa Vg{M [waXa hUO{ Wyb d H$maU[r earamMm hUO{M X{h]wr`m ododY AmodH$mamMm Zme H$$Z ew d [od Am_kmZ X{Umam. _mZdr gH$VrMm BoVhmg JVrH$S>{ OmUmam Amh{ H$s H$mbmVrV AdZVrH$S>{ OmUmam Amh{ ? H$s MH$_` ? mM{ Cma gH$VrMm dmg H$mbmVrV H|$mZwdVu Amh{ O{ D$dJm_r H$mVrVyZ AoYH$moYH$mZm m hm{V amhV{. Vwbm H$Vk oU[mV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 83 && 84. Aem{H$VmaUVma eya emnaOZ{a$& AZwHy$b eVmdV [r [oZ^{jU$&& 336) Aem{H$$& Aem{H$m` Z_$& AodmO` XwI (em{H$ ) Zgb{bm. Vx[ Pm`mZ{ Y`, gm_`, d$[kmZ d AmZX o_iVm{. Vw`m [m`mda oZaVa bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 337) VmaU$& VmaUm` Z_$& AodmO`, jw d gHw$oMV gwIXwIm`m hUO{M AgH$V hrZ Ao^Mr`m JV}VyZ [ma H$Z Z{Umam hUyZ VmaU VyM AkmZ_ybH$ Aghm`Vm d AJoVH$Vm `mVyZ _w$ H$aUmam [m_H$[miy VmaH$ Amh{g. Vwbm _Z[ydH$ Z_Z Agm{. 338) Vma$& Vmam` Z_$& ^$mmZm kmZ_` D$dJm_r ]ZdUmam d XwI_w$ H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. Vy ^$mZm VmaUmam AmoU `m`mma{ ], _w_wjw, gmYH$ Aem gdmZm XwIm`m ImBVyZ V$Z Z{Umam Amh{g. Vw`m C[mgZ{_wi{ d H$[{_wi{M ^$ VabV_, gy_ d VrU ]wr AmoU odd{H$ m H$aVm{ AmoU AVW M[iV{Z{ d Hw$ebV{Z{ XwIX odMma d odH$ma _m{Sy>Z H$mT>Vm{. Vw`m MrVrZ{ Vm{ AmZX_` ]ZVm{ d BVamZmhr AmZX_` ]ZdVm{. Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. 339) eya$& eyam` Z_$& kmZe$s, BN>me$s d oH$`me$sM{ AWmJ ^mS>ma Agb{bm Vy gdl{> odH$_embr, eya Amh{g. VwP{ _aU Xw]i{[Um d jwdmda odO` o_id`mg Y` d y$Vu X{V{ d Xw> e$s-dmr AmoU Aem dmt_YyZ O_b{`m g_mOKmVH$s >r, `m{OZm AmoU H$madm`mda g_W[U{ _mV H$a`mMr j_Vm X{V{. H$mJXr dmK AmoU Iam dmK mVrb $aH$ hUO{M gdgm_m` VwPr MrVr Zgb{br `$s AmoU VwPr MrVr Agb{`m `$sVrb $aH$ hm{`. Vw`m MrVrZ{ `$s ^m_H$ ApVdmVyZ _w$ hm{D$Z dV`m g` ApVdmer g_ag hm{V{. Vwbm _Zm{^md{ Z_Z Agm{. 340)emna $&ema`{ Z_ $& gJwU [mV eyag{Z `mMm ZmVy. odUw, H$U, ]bam_ AmXr gma{X{Irb VyM Amh{g.eya Hw$imVbm hUyZhr Vwbm em n a hUVmV.Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 84 && 85. 341)OZ{a $& OZ{am` Z_ $& O{ O{ C[ hm{V, O_mbm `{V,`m `m `{H$ dVw_mmMm AVW [a_{a. `m gdmZm Vw`m H$[{Z{ VwPr (dd[mMr) OmUrd `WmdH$me hm{V{ d gma{ H$mhr VwbmM m hm{V{. Vwbm _Z[ydH$ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 342) AZwHy$b $& AZwHy$bm` Z_ $& Iam ghm`H$,gIm. gm`m odmMm AVam_m d oZ`Vm Ag`mZ{ odmM{ H$`mU H$aUmam (odH$mgmV g[yU[U{ ghm`^yV hm{Umam) odo` [a_{a VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gmXa Um_ Agm{V. 343) eVmdV $& eVmdVm` Z_ $& g>r_`{ [whm [whm AdVma K{Umam, AmodH$V hm{Umam, earam_`{ e{H$S>m{ ZmS>m_YyZ mU[mZ{ dmhUmam AmoU odmVrb bjmdYr [m_`{ dmdaUmam d `mma{ Y_ ajU H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. dY_kmZ, `mma{ oZH$m{[ H$`mUH$mar od`dWm AmodH$V H$aU{. hr VwPr brbmM Amh{. Vwbm eVH$m{Q>r Um_ Agm{V. 344) [r& [oZ{ Z_$& eI, MH$, JXm, [X_ h{ gJwU[m_`{ YmaU H$aUmam hUyZ [r. gJwU [mV hr Mma YmaU H$a`m_mJ{, gmodH$ OrdZmM{ VrH$ YmaU H$aUmam, C OmoUd{M{ j{ YmaU H$aUmam Vg{M C OmoUdmMm CJ_ d CXJmVm Ag{ gmH{$oVH$ AW Amh{V. ^yV^od`mMr qMVm o_Qy>Z d ^od`mM{ kmZ hm{D$Z VwPm ^$ oZpMV d gwaojV hm{Vm{. Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 345) [oZ^{jU$& [oZ^{jUm` Z_$& H$_im_mU{ ^m`gyMH$ S>m{i{ Agb{bm. ^$mM{ S>m{i{hr AmerdmX_`, ^m`gyMH$ H$aUmam. Xwg`m AWu EH$ [ hUO{ 1000000000000000 (gm{im AH$s g`m ) hUO{M Ag` S>m{i{ (earamVrV AdYmZ{ ) Agb{bm d ^$mZm Vg{M ]ZdUmam. Vwbm eVe Um_ Agm{V. [Zm^m{@aodXmj [J^: eara^V$& _hoYa F$m{dm_m _hmjm{ JS>dO$&& 346) [X_Zm^$& [X_Zm^m` Z_$& `m`m Zm^rVyZ H$_i CJdV{ d `m H$_imVrb MVw_wI ]X{d g>rMr oZo_Vr ghZ{ && 85 && 86. H$aVm{ Agm. odm_H$ [wfm`m d fS>Ymdm_H$ (ag,_mg, _{X, AWr _mm, ewH$ ) [wfm`m Zm^rM{ WmZ h{ [amdmUrM{ hUO{ CmwJ d _hm_ gOZerbV{M{ WmZ Amh{.`mVyZ e] (]X{d ), d{X(kmZ) d g>rMr AmodH$Vr Pmbr d `$s_`{ [`Vr, _`_m d dIar `m dmUrhr V`ma mm`m. hUO{M _Z, ]wr, AhH$ma B`mXr `$sM{ H$m` V`ma Pmb{. Vwbm ^o$[ydH$ Z_Z Agm{. 347) AaodXmj$& AaqdXmjm` Z_$& hUO{ H$_imgmaI{ S>m{i{ Agb{bm. H$_imma{ MdXm ^wdZm_`{ dJuH$V H{$b{`m odmMm gH{$Vhr oXbm OmVm{. `m_wi{ odm_H$ >r Agb{bm AmoU ^$mMrhr >r __Jmhr, `m`r, oZ[j[mVr, odemb, gohUw AmoU OrdZXm`r ]ZdUmam Amh{g. d{J`m Vh{Z{ [moh`mg Aer >r `{U{, h{ I`m ^$mM{, bjU Amh{. Vw`mMaUr ^o$[ydH$ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 348) [X_J^$& [X_J^m` Z_$& odm_H$ H$_imMm Jm^m, _yi, CJ_. d`o$H$ [mVirda `$sMr ]wr, odd{H$ B`mXr `m_`{ gm_mdb{br AgVmV V{ ghXb H$_b (_|Xw) `mMm Jm^m qH$dm CJ_ O{ oMXmH$me Vm{ VyM Amh{g. oMXmH$me hUO{ MV`_` H$mbmVrV AdH$me. Vwbm eVe: Um_ Agm{V. 349) eara^V$& eara^V{ Z_$& mU[mZ{ doH$ d d`o$H$ eara YmaU H$aUmam d dV`m A_V_` M V `m`m AmZ{ `m M { [m{ f U H$aUmam. mbmM _mVnam hUVmV. (Bemdm`m{[oZfX ) `mM_mU{ hm ]X{d, ag hm odUy d ^m{$m (^m{JUmam ) hm _h{da (eH$a ) Aem Vh{Z{ oVhr [mZr od AmoU `o$OrdZ gmH$ma H$aUmamhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 350) _ho$& _h`{ Z_$& CV_ ]wr, odMma d gm_`m_wi{ gdH$f E{`mMm dm_r Vy Amh{g. Vw`m od^yVr_`{hr h{ JwU AgVmVM. Aearar Aem _hmZ j_V{Z{ gdgmmYre Agm Vy ^$m`m OmoUd{_`{ d ApVdm_`{ Wm`r d[mM{ D$dJm_r pW`Va KS>dyZ AmUVm{g . Vw`mMaUr gmQ>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 351) F$$& F$m` Z_$& dV`m ]rO$[mVyZ odemb hm{D$Z od$[ YmaU H$aUmam. m od$[m_`{ ghZ{ && 86 && 87. Vy gVV ]XVm{g, dqJV odH$ogV hm{Vm{g, AoYH$moYH$ gwoZ`oV hm{Vm{g, OmoUd{M{ j{hr ]ZyZ AoYH$moYH$ [na[$, [na[yU d J^ ]ZVm{g. Vw`m H$[{Z{M AVkm odH$ogV hm{D$Z VwPm d Vw`m gm_`mMm gmjmH$ma hm{Vm{. Vg{M AmO_m Aem m `m` gm`m odmbm [m_moWH$ ApVd H$iV{ d diV{. `mMr ^m_H$Vm g_OV{ d C_OV{. Vw`mMaUr dVr pWa amhm{. 352) dm_m$& dm_Z{ Z_$& odmMr AmoU `$s`m gwImMr Ao^dr H$aUmam AZmXr, AZV d hUyZ mMrZV_ (d ) Am_m. H$maU WbH$mbm_H$, ododYmJr, ododY$[r odmMm/ `$sMm H$mbmVrV AVam_m Vy Amh{g. Vwbm eVe dXZ Agm{. 353) _hmj$& _hmjm` Z_$& _h hUO{ `k. Aj hUO{ `m[U{. `m_wi{ gd`m[r Agm _hm`k. odH$`mUm`m oH$`{V gdd Pm{H$yZ X{`mMr hr _hmZ `mJ_` d doH$ oH$`m (`k ). _hV hUO{ _hmZ, A`w, Vrd, H$R>rU. hUyZ Vy gdl{> d _hV gd`m[r (Aj ) Amh{g. _h hUO{ `k AmoU Aj e{dQ>r Am`mZ{ Aj hUO{ Aj S>m{im. `m_wi{ Vy oZdmWu `mJ_` d H$`mUH$mar H$[{Mm Pam (_hm`k ) Agb{br >r AgUmamhr Amh{g. VwP{ ^$hr Vw`m H$[{Z{ Ag{M hm{VmV. _h hUO{ _hmZ d Aj hUO{ JmS>rMm Amg. gm`m odm`m MbZdbZmgmR>r JmS>r`m Amgm_mU{ _ybmYma ]ZyZ amohb{bm hUyZhr Vwbm _hmj hUU{ g`wo$H$ Amh{. `mM_mU{ gm`m odmbm `m[Umar Aearar, __^{Xr d __Jmhr, g_>r AgUmam hUyZhr Vy _hmj Amh{g. H{$di g`_` Aem Vw`m XeZmgmR>r Vw`m Aearar >rMr mrM Amd`H$ Amh{. Aem >rZ{ Vw`mM qMVZm_`{ _mP{ Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 354) JS>dO$& JS>dOm` Z_$& `m`m dOmda JS>mM oMh Amh{ Agm Vm{ JS>dO. m gJwU `mZmMm _oWVmW Agm H$s mU[`mMm amOm (gdl{> JoV_mZ [na_mUVrV Vd ) Vw`m AYrZ Amh{. Vy `m`mda AoYo>V Amh{g, dma Pmbm Amh{g. gd l{> JVr Vw`m AmYrZ Amh{. OmUrd{`m [a_m{ [mVirda X`mH$memVrb A`w mUVdmda odhaUma`m Vwbm _Zm{_Z XS>dV Agm{V. AVwb ea^m{ ^r_ g_`km{ hodhna$& gdbjUbj`m{ b_rdmZ go_qVO`$&& ghZ{ && 87 && 88. 355) AVwb$& AVwbm` Z_$& kmZm`m gd Vam`m [brH$S>{. odMmam`m d H$[Z{`m [brH$S>{. VH$ d AVy$Vu`m [brH$S>{ gdg_md{eH V{Z{ Ag`mZ{ Vy C[_m, VwbZm, _m[Z, `m`m AVrV Amh{g. `m_wi{ Vy AZw[_{`, AVwbZr`, Ao_V Amh{g. hUyZ Vwbm AVw b hUVmV. EH$_{dmoVr` Aem Vw`m _aUmV, Am{T>rV d Vm` CH$mVr`m AZw^dmV Vwbm AIS> Amo^dmXZ Agm{. 356) ea^$& ea^m` Z_$& earamV (od[r d d`o$H$ ) AmodH$V hm{D$Z gma{ ApVd H$me_mZ H$aUmam. ea^ hUO{ qghmhZhr ]bembr Agm AmR> [m` Agb{bm hnaU. hm hnaU eH$amMm (oedmMm ) AdVma Amh{. `m gJwU [mMm _oWVmW hUO{ A>mJ`m{Jm`m AmR> [m`mZr mU[r oghmda H$m]y o_idUmam d Vx[ AgUmam _hm`m{Jr. eara H$me_mZ H$aUmam Bahr Vy AmoU AV`m_rM{ VwP{ ApVd d gm_` `j AwZ^dUmam _hm`m{Jrhr VyM Amh{M. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 357) ^r_$& ^r_m` Z_$& AV`m_r oMXgm_`[mZ{ dgUmam Vy. hrZdm`m odam{YmV bT>`mM{ MS> d WamaH$ gm_` X{Umam Amh{g. AYm{_mJu Aodm-_m`m_` odmda Vw`m[mgyZ o_iUm`m e$sZ{ odO` m hm{Vm{. ^rfU MV`mZ{ gmZm_`{ dralr gMmaV{. V{ CgmhmZ{ d YS>mS>rZ{ kmZ{am`m [gm`XmZmMm AmodH$ma H$a`mgmR>r ogX hm{VmV. Vw`mMaUr _r brZ Amh{. 358) g_`k $& g_`km` Z_ $& hUO{ H$mi d H$mim`m doe>`mMm kmVm. gma{ MamMa g_dmZ{ VwPr [yOm H$aV{ AmoU g_mZ[U{ AI{a Vw`mV brZ hm{V{ (`k) d Vy gdmV`m_r Ag`mZ{ Wi, H$mi, KQ>Zm, AVH$aU{ AmXr gd g_dmZ{ OmUVm{g. ^$mZmhr H$[miy d `m`s ]ZdUm`m Vwbm H$Vk Um_ Agm{V. 359) hodhna $& hodha`{ Z_ $& [ma[mnaH$ `kmV AmdmhZ H{$bm$ J{b{bm AmoU A[U H{$b{br `{ d mWZm drH$maUmam Ba hUO{ hodhna$& eara Am Ibw Y_gmYZ_ h{ OmUyZ Vw`m gH$[mVM OJUma{ O{hm O{dVmV V{hm V{ `o$JV BN>{[waV{ _`moXV ZgyZ Vr VwPr [yOmM (`k ) AgV{. `m_wi{ JhU H{$b{`m AmMm Iam ^m{$m (`mZm OmUdV ghZ{ && 88 && 89. Zgb{ Varhr ) Vy Amh{g. A` Q>m, gma{ od AI{a VwbmM `{D$Z o_iV{. gdm} OmoUd{`m ]rO[mZ{ amhV{ hUyZ doH$ oH$`{Mm (Vr g_[Um_H$ `km_H$ Amh{ ) ^m{$mhr Vy Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 360) gdbjUbj`:$& gdbjUbj`m` Z_:$& ododY bjU{ (JwUY_/doeQ>{) AmoU bjUmd$Z OmU`mMr dVy. ``mdV odm`m `m` gd doeQ>m_YyZ (AmoU `m doeQ>m_YyZ g` OmU`m`m V, odoe>mV, AV B`mXr XeZm_YyZ d amO`m{JmXr gmYZmVyZ) ``mbm `{Umam VyM Amh{g. Vwbm Z_ Um_ Agm{V. 361) b_rdmZ$& b_rdV{ Z_$& b_r hUO{ gdl{> d oMaVZ oQ>H$Uma{ E{`. E{`mMm YZr hUyZ Vwbm b_rdmZ hUVmV. A` Q>m MamMa H$Vr hUO{ b_r. oV`mhr AV`m_r gdgm{Z{ ]gUmam hUyZhr b_rdmZ VyM Amh{g. d`o$H$ [mVirdahr oJwUm_H$ d fS>Ymdm_H$ oH$`m[ H$VrMm dm_r hUyZhr b_rdmZ Amh{g. Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. 362) go_oV``$& go_oV``m` Z_$& Z{h_r odO`r hm{Umam. gd ApVdmMr AmoU OmoUd{{Mr [naUVrM Ag`mZ{ AoV_ odO` Z{h_r VwPmM AgVm{. Vg{M `{H$ mVyZ Om{ CV g_d` gm` hm{Vm{ V{hr VwP{M [ Ag`mZ{ mVrV g`[mZ{hr Vy odO`rM AgVm{g. gma{ AI{a Vw`m_`{ odb`mg OmVm{. `m_wi{ [ma[mnaH$ AWmZ{ Vwbm odZmemMm oZ`Vm `_Y_ hUVmV. Am_km`m_Yrb EH$_V, gKfmVyZ-mVyZ hm{Uma{ C`Z d H$[mV Aem ododY [mZr Vy odmV AmoU `$s_`{ AgVm{g. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. odjam{ am{ohVm{ _mJm} h{VwXm_m{Xa gh$& _hrYam{ _hm^mJm{ d{JdmZo_VmeZ$&& 363) odja$& odjam` Z_$& C[Vr, pWVr, [nadVZ AmoU Hw$OU{-ZmgU{ dJa{, hUO{ Zme `mVb{ H$mhrhr Zgb{bm. Aeara d hUyZ AkmZaohV H$mbmVrVV{Z{ AOam_a AgUm`m gdmV`m_r`m I`m "d' Aem Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 364) am{ohV:$& am{ohVm` Z_: am{ohV hUO{ _mgm. BVa AW H{$ea, a$dU, BYZw` B`mXr. [ma[mnaH$Q>m ghZ{ && 89 && 90. _`mdVmar hUyZ am{ohV Va VmodH$Q>m g[yU g>rMm H$[mVmd{iMm VmaUhma. BVa AW ew^gyMH$Vm, dr`, gmX` XmIdVmV. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 365) _mJ$& _mJm` Z_$& aVm. Vw`mH$S>{ [m{M`mMm hUO{ Vx[ hm{`mMm d Vd[ hm{`mMr MrVrhr K{`mMm _hm_mJ hUO{ Zm__aU, gH$sVZ AmoU AZwgYmZ Ag`mZ{ Vy _hm_mJ Amh{g. Vwbm gmQ>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 366) h{Vw$& h{Vwd{ Z_$& odm`m ApVdmM{ AmoXH$maU `m_mU{ Vy Amh{g d odm`m ApVdmM{ gmYZ d AmYma `m_mU{ Vy Amh{g, `mM_mU{ (odmM{ gdm} CV d[hr Vy Ag`mZ{ )odmMm d odoH$`mMm h{Vyhr Vy Amh{g. `$s`m OrdZmMm h{Vyhr Vd[ hm{U{ d V{ AZw^dU{ hm Amh{. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 367) Xm_m{Xa$& Xm_m{Xam` Z_$& X_mV Xm_m{Xa odXw$& _Zm{oZJh. Xm_ hUO{ Xmd{ hUO{M `mZ{ [ew oZ`UmV, H$mV amhVm{. oZJh[r Xm`mZ{ gd `o$dmda oZ`U R>{dyZ AmoU ^o$[r Xm`mZ{ (`em{X{_mU{) Bambm ]mYyZ (Vy ) m hm{Vm{g hUyZ Vwbm Xm_m{Xa hUVmV. A` Q>m Xmd{ hUO{ `mma{ `$s eaUmJV ^mdmZ{ Vw`mer H$m`_Mr ]mYbr OmV{ V{. `mM_mU{ Xm_m{Xa hUO{M VwP gJwU H$U [. Vwbm H$m{Q>r H$m{Q>r Um_ Agm{V. 368) gh$& ghm` Z_$& ghZerb. hUO{M CVmdi{[Um, AgohUwVm (O{ JwU Aod{Z{ Jmgb{`m, X{h]wrZ{ ]mYb{`m bm{H$mV AgVmV ) Zgb{bm. H$maU Vy H$mbmVrV, oM_`, Aeara, g_W, gmjr^yV oH$mbkmZr Amh{g. VwP{ ^$hr Vw`mgmaI{ hm{VmV d hUyZ ghZerbVM{ _{ ]ZVmV. Vy g_W Ag`mZ{ VwP{ ^$hr g_W hm{VmV d Xw]`m bm{H$m_mU{ Aghm`, CVmdi{, [admYrZ qH$dm qh hm{V ZmhrV. Vw`m oM_` d kmZr AdW{_wi{ Vy d VwP{ ^$ H$Yrhr AgwaojV ZgVmV. `m_wi{ V{ AgohUw ZgVmV. `m[H$Q>m, odmVrb gma{ C[mV Vw`mM [m^y_rda hm{V Ag`mZ{hr Vy ghZerb Amh{g. Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 369) _hrYa$& _hrYam` Z_$& _hr hUO{ [dr, od. `m gm`mMm AmYma hUyZ _hrYa earamVrb ghZ{ && 90 && 91. OrdZmMm AmYma Hw$S>obZr e$s, AmoU odm`m MamMambm Wi, H$mi d OmoUdmZr gmYUmam, YmaU H$aUmam hUyZ Vwbm _hrYa hUVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 370) _hm^mJ$& _hm^mJm` Z_$& odoH$`m_H$ `kmMm ^m{$m hUyZ _hm^m`mdmZ d ^m`H$maH$ Vg{M AJm{[mJ{ A`wH$> Agb{bm Agm Vy Amh{g, hUyZ Vwwbm _hm^mJ hUVmV. Vwbm _Zm{^md{ Z_Z Agm{. 371) d{JdmZ$& d{JdV{ Z_$& `mMr JVr gdmoYH$ Amh{ Agm. H$memMm d{J (3 bmI oH$bm{_rQ>a/g{H$X ) _Zm`m bhatMm d odMmamMm d{J (Om{ _Z AmoU odMma `m`m "[XmWdkmoZH$' "[na_mU{' d "doeQ>{' `mda Adb]yZ AgVm{) `m[{jmhr, Vy, Bo`mVrV ([na_mUmVrV ) Ag`mZ{, AoYH$ d{JdmZ Amh{g. Vw`m d{JmMr H$[ZmM Ae` Amh{. H$maU Vy d{Jmbmhr d{J X{Umam Amh{g, gma{ d{J_` gm_mdUmam Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ odZ_ mUm_ Agm{V. 372) Ao_VmeZ$& Ao_VmeZm` Z_$& MS> ^yH$ qH$dm JhUe$s AgUmam. gma{ od H$[mVm`m d{ir Vw`m_`{ odZ OmV{. gma{ [yOm[mR>, mWZm B`mXr VwbmM m hm{VmV d odmVrb KS>r_m{S>tM{ X{h]wrO` kmZ (Aodm ), odH$ma, dmgZm, odMma `mZr ob Ag{ g[yU `o$d Vx[V{_`{ AVYmZ [mdV{ hUyZ `m gd >rZr Vy Ao_VmeZ Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. CX^d jm{^Um{ X{d lrJ^ [a_{a$& H$aU H$maU H$Vm odH$Vm JhZm{ Jwh$&& 373) CX^d$& CX^dm` Z_$& gm`m oddm`m C[mr_mJrb _hmH$maU, d odm`m C[mrMm CJ_. odm`m C[Vr_mJrb gOZerbVm, odm_Yrb emarnaH$, _mZogH$, H$bm_H$, dMmnaH$ Aem gOZerbV{Mm CJ_ d oZ`Vm Vy Amh{g. Vg{M `m gm`mMm AoV_ h{Vyhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ nZaVa Amo^dmXZ Agm{. 374) jm{^U$& jm{^Um` Z_$& odmbm w$aU X{Umam. gmjr ([wf ) d _m` (H$Vr ) hUO{M oede$s. ghZ{ && 91 && 92. EH$mm gJm_`{, Vm{ gJ `m AdH$memV KS>bm d `m H$mim_`{ KS>bm `m AVami d `m H$mimM{ Vm{ gJ KS>`mVrb O{ H$m` AgV{ Vg{ H$m` gmjr [wfmM{ Ag{ d `j gJmVrb ododY KQ>H$mM{ H$m`H$maUg]Y KS>dU{ h{ H$m` H$VrM{ (e$sM{ ) AgV{. [aVw oed-e$s qH$dm odUw-b_r hr EH$mM d{ir Xm{Zhr Amh{V d EH$Ordhr Amh{V. EH$m[mgyZ Xwga{ d{Ji{ Agy eH$V Zmhr. Vwbm odm_`{ MV`mMm gMma H$aUmam(jm{^U) hUVmV. H$maU odmVrb KQ>ZmM{ (H$_mM{ ) oZ`U H$aUmam d H$m`H$maU d H$_$bogmV gdUm`m`m ]wrMm oZ`Vmhr VyM Amh{g.[aVw Aem Vh{Z{ odmVrb `{H$ oH$`{Mm (d `m oH$`{`m OmUrd{Mm) H$maH$ VyM Amh{g h{ `mbm H$ib{ `mM{ OrdZ H$_$bmVrV d H$m`H$maU^mdmVrV "d'V hm{V{. H$_$b g]Y d H$_$bmMm odMma (Amg$s) `mMm Zme hm{Vm{. _wo$Xm`r H$_$bmVrb H$_mM{ kmZ d y$Vu X{Um`m d I`m AWmZ{ H$Vm AgUm` Vwbm XS>dV Agm{V. 375) X{d$& X{dm` Z_$& Xr`Vr BoV X{d$& hUO{ AV]m amhUmam, AVaJ H$moeV H$aUmam, gdWm Amam` d [yOZr`, gdmVm{[ar odgZr`, `edr d {aH$ Agm odmMm X{dmoYX{d Vy Amh{g. gm_` d gmdZ{gmR>r eaU Om`mg gw`m{` d hUyZ m o>Z{hr Iam X{d Vy Amh{g. A` Q>m gma{ od hr VwPr brbm AgyZ m brbm_`{ `j H$mhr Z H$aVmhr gdm}V{Z{ Vy JwVbm Amh{g. Vybm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 376) lrJ^$& lrJ^m` Z_$& AmodH$V d AZmodH$V Aem doH$ E{`mMm ]rO$[r CJ_ Ag`mZ{ AmoU od h{M gd ]mOyZ{ gm_mdUma{ ]mS> ]rO/ J^ Vy gdVm{g hUyZ hUyZ Vybm lrJ^ hUVmV. Vybm _mP{ oZaVa Z_Z Agm{. 377) [a_{a$& [a_{am` Z_$& BQ>, gdl{>, l{`H$a d o`H$a Agm [od X{d Ag`mZ{ Vwbm [a_{a hUVmV. gd X{dX{dVm (OmoUd{`m AZ{H$ [mV`mZr `w$ Aer ApVd{), VwPrM AJm{[mJ{ AgyZ Vy gdg_md{eH$ Amh{g. gd eo$_mZ Aem Vybm bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 378) H$aU$& H$aUm` Z_$& gmYZ, oH$dm dmhH$. `m_mU{ odO{`m dmhZmgmR>r YmVyMr Vma H$m` ]OmdV{, ghZ{ && 92 && 93. qH$dm ododY JhVm`m_Yrb Mw]H$d `mZm odoe> JVr_`{ o$adV{, `m_mU{ KQ>ZmH$_m_Yrb gbV{Z{ KQ>ZmM{ oZ`U hm{V{ Agm Ame` H$aU m ZmdmV Amh{. `m Vh{Z{ Mw]H$j{ dVyZm AV]m `m[V{ `m_mU{ KQ>ZmZm AV]m `m[Umam Vy MV`_` Ag`mZ{ OmUVm oZ`Vm ( oH$mbk) Amh{g. `m AWmZ{hr Vw`m mrM{ gmYZ VyM Amh{g. Vybm oZaVa Z_Z Agm{. 379) H$maU$& H$maUm` Z_$& H$m`H$maU^mdm`m >rZ{ [moh`mg od$[r [naUm_mg H$maUr^yV Ag{ _ybVd, odm{[mrM{ _hmH$maU Vy Amh{g. C[mr, pWVr, odb`, AVami, H$mi, OmUrd `m gm`mMm _ybm{V Vy Amh{g. `mbmM odmM{ oJwUm_H$ H$maU Ag{hr hQ>b{ OmV{. Vybm odZ_ [oU[mV Agm{V. 380) H$Vm$& H$} Z_$& gy_V_, VabV_ d gd`m[r Aem ApVdm_wi{ `{H$ KQ>Z{Mm H$Vm Vy Amh{g. Vg{M `{H$ `$s`m gd H$VrMm Iam H$Vm AmoU AV]m gma{ H$mhr `m[Umam Vy Amh{g. `m[_mU{ hmVm`m hmbMmbrMm Iam H$Vm _{Xy `mM_mU{ _|Xy d `m`m gm`m H$m`mMm Iam H$Vm `o$_dm`m AVrV VyM Amh{g. m Vw`m H$V}[Um`m `WmW kmZmZ{ d MrVrZ{ AhH$mar _hdmH$mjmM{ KmVH$ _JOi d Vm` hrZ H$Vr `mMm j` hm{Vm{ AmoU odgH$VrM{ Xr[ CX`mbm `{VmV. gd KQ>ZmMm Iam H$Vm Aem Vybm _Z[ydH$ dXZ Agm{. 381) odH$Vm$& odH$} Z_$& EH$dmVyZ AZ{H$d AmoU dod` oZ_mU H$aUmam hUyZ Vwbm odH$Vm hUVmV. `m gm`m oModoM ododYV{_mJ{ H$mbmVrV d AodMbV{Z{ AgUmam VyM Amh{g. Vybm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 382) JhZ$& JhZm` Z_$& X{h]wrZ{ OmU`mg, H$[Zm H$a`mg, qMVZ H$a`mg, AmH$bZ H$a`mg, Ae` Agm Vy Amh{g. Vw`m MaUr _mP{ oU[mV Agm{V. 383) Jwh$& Jwhm` Z_$& hUO{ Jw Ag{ X`mH$me, X`mVrb oMXmH$me, odmM{ AmoU `$sM{ AV`m_ d AV`m_r AgUma{ Vd h{ Xm{hr VyM Amh{g. [aVw gm`m odmbm d `$sbm {_mZ{ AV]m H$dQ>mib{ AgyZhr `m`mdarb _m`{`m AmdaUm_wi{ Vy ghZ{ && 93 && 94. A`, AJ`, JyT> d AZmH$bZr` hm{Vm{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. `dgm`m{ `dWmZ gWmZ WmZXm{ Ywd$& U$&&$ [aXo [a_[>Vw> [w> ew^{jU$&& 384) `dgm`$& `dgm` Z_$& AZmH$bZr` kmZe$s, ewgH$[ (BN>me$s) AmoU ^mdr oH$`me$sZ{ od`dhmamMr `dWm bmdUmam >m emgH$ Vy Amh{g. A` >rZ{, `dgm` hUO{ `m{J. Am_$[r "d'V amhU{ (d jw `n$JV BN>m-AmH$mjm- ^mdZm- dmgZm mMm `mJ H$$Z Bar gH$[mV a_U{) hUO{ `m{J. Vy d VyP{ Ia{ ^$ Ag{ AgVmV hUyZ Vybm `dgm` hQ>b{ Amh{. Vwbm gm>mJ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 385) `dWmZ$& `dWmZm` Z_$& hUO{ Am_$[r dW Ag`mZ{ T>[Um, oZ`, pWaVm B`mXr JwUm`m oZo_Vr ma{ odmMr `dWm bmdUma{ _yb^yV oZ`H$ Vd. d`o$H$ [mVirdahr Am_gmjmH$mamMr `$sZm Aer MrVr `{V{. Vy `o JV H$m`mMm _yb^yV oZ`Vm Amh{g `m T> ^mdZ{Z{ Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 386) gWmZ$& gWmZm` Z_$& gdm} gmmWmZ. odmM{ d `o$M{ Ia{ H|$WmZ d hUyZ emgZH$Vm d AoV_ BogV gm` Vy Amh{g. VwP{ kmZ d oMVr, jwd KmbdV{ hUyZ Vy [a_[od VrWmMm g_w` Amh{g. H$[mVm`m d{ir od d oZdmUH$mbr `$s Vx[M hm{V{. ododY [H$ma`m oMhmZr d gmH{$oVH$ AZ{H$ _hdm`m ]m]r H$iVmV. [aVw Vw`m oMhmZ{ odoZ``m gdm} VdmMr (VwP{) MrVr `{V{. Vw`m ^$s`m, oZH$Q>V{`m T> OmoUd{V Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 387) WmZX$& WmZXm` Z_$& odmVrb `{H$ ]m]rM{, KQ>Z{M{ WmZ oZpMV H$aUmam. `mMm AW V_m{JwU aOm{JwU d gdJwUm`m ododY N>Q>m d _mU{, [a[a [yaH$V{Zwgma oZoV H$$Z `mZwgma odmVrb d `o$OrdZmVrb KQ>Zm AmoU `mM{ $i (_hd, WmZ) R>adUmam Vy Amh{g. (odmMr JwUH$_e: od^mJUr Vy H{$brg `mMm Ame` WmZX: `m ZmdmV Amh{. [aVw H$mhr bm{H$mZr `mMm d{Jim AW H{$bm AmoU Vm{ H$iV, ZH$iV, ZmBbmOmZ{ dm A` H$maUmVd drH$mabm J{bm. `$sM{ Zmd g_mOmVrb O_md$Z R>adb{ J{b{, oZoV hm{V J{b{ AmoU o[T>mZo[T>m H$m`_ R>{db{ J{b{. m ghZ{ && 94 && 95. H$Vrbm AmO`m H$mimV g_WZ AoO]mV Zmhr). H$maU gHw$oMV _hdmH$mjm/ dmW, `mda _mV H$a`mgmR>r AmO Am_kmZgy`mMm gdmV`m_r CX` H$aU{ e` Amh{ AmoU d`o$H$ _hdmH$mjmZm bm{H$ohVmM{ [na_mU X{U{hr AmO e` Amh{. `o$OrdZmVrb ], _w_wjw, gmYH$ d og m AdWm R>adUmam d `$sbm AhH$ma d Aod{ma{ H$_r-AoYH$ odhb H$aUmam) VyM Amh{g. `m_mU{ Am`mM{ "Am]m[U' d o[H$U{, ZmgU{ dJa{ Am]m R>adrV Zmhr `mM_mU{ `$sM{ JwUY_ AmoU H$m` `mM{ l{` `$sH$S>{ hUO{ [naUm_-d$[ `o$dmH$S>{ Zmhr. Am]m m $imbm `m`m o[T>mZo[T>m Am]m ]ZyZ amhU{ h{ ZgoJH$ Amh{. H$maU Am]m `m $imbm darb kmZ ZgV. AmoU _w$sMm _mJ ZgVm{. [aVw `$sbm O{hm darb kmZ hm{V V{hm `$s`m _w$sMm _mJ Iwbm hm{V AgVm{. `m_wi{ AmO`m H$mimV `$sbm o[T>mZo[T>m EH$mM `dgm`mV [w$Z R>{dU{ A`m` d AZWH$maH$ Amh{. H{$di O_md$Z `$sbm odZmH$maU l{`, A[l{` X{Umar, CZrMVm Om{[mgUmar d `mda o[T>mZo[T>mgmR>r oe$m_m{V] H$aUmar `dWm Oa EImm `$sZ{/g_yhmZ{ ]Zdbr AmoU Aer `dWm BamZ{M _mUgmgmR>r ]Zdbr Ag`mM{ R>mgyZ gmoJVb{ Va Vm{ EH$ A`V Km{a _mX hm{`. `mM_mU{ `mda odmg R>{dU{ h{hr Km{a AkmZM hm{`. H$mbJVr_wi{ Aer `dWm ]ZdUm`mMm dmW d AhH$ma AmoU `dW{V ^aS>b{ OmUm`mMr hV]bVm hr `dWm AoYH$moYH$ [m{gV amohbr d VH$mbrZ Z{Vdm`m AY jw dmWmda d AJoVH$ AZw`m`m`m Aghm`V{da dV: [m{gbr OmV amohbr. Vy oZ`Vm Amh{g hr MrVr `$sMr AmJoVH$Vm, AgwaojVVm, gHw$oMVVm, AhH$ma, `yZJS> B`mXr Z> H$aV{. [U Vy WmZX: Amh{g hUO{ VyM `{H$mbm odoe> O_mV KmbyZ `m`m o[T>mZo[T>mZm hmb ^m{J`mM{ maY oXb{g hr H$[Zm H$Yr `$s_Yrb Vw`m ApVdmbm ZmH$maV{ AmoU `m_wi{ oV`m JVrbm ZmH$maV{ Va H$Yr EImm `$sbm Im{Q>{ X{dd m H$$Z X{V{ d AZmMmar, XwamMmar gmmYmM{ g_WZ H$$Z (gmmYm`mZm Ia{ H$`mU ZmH$m$Z) `m`mVrb VwPr ApVd ZmH$maV{. MmVwd`m`m H$[Z{Z{ ]hg`mMm d`o$H$ dmW d AhH$ma AJXr ]{Ny>Q>[U{, VmaV`hrZ gaYm{[Q>[U{ AmoU oZX`[U{ Iam, [U _mabm OmVm{. [U `mM]am{]a `m`m Am_m{VrMm CXS> CgmhX{Irb JmS>bm OmVm{. Vy WmZX: Amh{g `mMm AmO`m H$mimer gwgJV Ame` hUO{ Vy AoYH$moYH$ ^mdr AmoU CXmm [a[a [m{fH$Vm `jmV AmUUmam Amh{g. H$maU Vw`m H$[{Z{ AmO gdmZm Am_kmZmM{ bm{H$ohVH$mar A_V[mZ H$aU{ d `mma{ [a[aohVmM{ Zd{ `wJ AmUU{ e` hm{V ghZ{ && 95 && 96. Amh{, hm{Uma Amh{. gdm} gmmYmar Aem Vwbm H$m{Q>r H$m{Q>r Um_ Agm{V. 388) Ywd:$& Ywdm` Z_:$& AT>i, pWa. hr pWaVm hUO{ oZb (V_m{JwUr) JoVhrZ pWaVm Zh{. CbQ> JoV_mZV{Mm H$maH$ d gd JVtZmhr `m[Umam, H$mimVrV d hUyZ H$mimMm ^md Z [S>Umam d hUyZ Z ]XbUmam m AWmZ{ Vy pWa Amh{g. AV`m_r`m ApVdmZ{ ^$mZm _mJXeZ H$aUmam, JVr, d{J, d{J, AVami, H$mi (`wJ{) m gm`mZm gm_mdUmam Agm Ag`mZ{ Vy pWa Amh{g. Vw`mMaUr odZ_ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 389) [aXoY:$& [a`{ Z_:$& MamMamVrb VwP{ AmodH$ma d `wJm`wJmVrb VwP{ AdVma [od Amh{V; H$maU `m`m AV]m Vy Amh{g. Vwbm Z_ Z_Z Agm{. 390) [a_[>:$& [a_[>m` Z_:$& [> `mMm AW oZ:goXY d dmVodH$ d hUyZ A`V ^mdr. Vy AmoU VwP{ kmZ g_W d MrVrXm`H$ Amh{g. ^mdr Amh{V. BVa ]m]r d `mM{ kmZ [amdb]r d AJoVH$ Amh{V. hUyZ Vwbm [a_[>: hUVmV. A` Q>m [> hUO{ Agb. gm`m odm_`{ oQ>H$mD$ d d`^y Agm Ag`mZ{hr Vwbm [a_[>: hUVmV. Vy d VwP{ kmZ odmMm AodZmer _ybmYma AmhmV hUyZhr Vwbm [a_[>: hUVmV. Vwbm _mP{ oZaVa Um_ Agm{V. 391) Vw>:$& Vw>m` Z_:$& VUm AmoU Vr mMm H$maH$ Ag`mZ{ Vy Z{h_rM A`V g_mYmZr AgVm{g AmoU oMaVZ AmZXmM{ Pa{ ^$m`m X`mV oZ_mU H$aVm{g. gm`m BN>m d dmgZmMmhr H$maH$ Agm Vy ^$mZmhr BN>m d AmH$mjmMm dm_r ]ZdVm{g, V ]ZdVm{g. ^$mZm H$mimMm dm_r ]ZdUm`m Vwbm _mP{ gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 392) [w>:$& [w>m`Z_:$& gma{ dVw_m, AdH$me, H$mi AmoU gm`m mWZm, [yOm, ^$s `mZr ^ab{bm hUyZ [w >: Vg{M EImXr ]m] R>m`r Zmhr Ag{ H$Yrhr Z KS>Umam d hUyZ gdVm{[ar ^ab{bm, Vy Amh{g. `mM_mU{ dV:`m (MV`agmma{) ma{ gma{ od g[ d [w> H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. Vg{M H$_VaVm, Q>MmB, Xw]i{[Um, JaOy[Um, bmMma[Um B`mXr doeQ>{ `m`m_`{ d `m`m ^$m_`{ AoO]mV ZmhrV Agm (d hUyZ [w >: Vy Amh{g. Vwbm odma oU[mV Agm{V. >:) ghZ{ && 96 && 97. 393) ew^{jU:$& ew^{jUm` Z_:$& dmgZm, AhH$ma, ]wr, _Z `m`m AVrV Ag`mZ{ Vwbm ew ^ { j U: U:$hUVmV. _h_Jb H$[m>r AgUm`m Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. am_m{ odam_m{ odaOm{ _mJm} Z{`m{ Z`m{@Z`: dra: eo$_Vm l{>m{ Y_m} Y_odXwm_:$&& 394) am_:$& am_m`Z_:$& a_V{ `m{oJZ: Ap_Z BoV am_:$& `o$JV Amem, AmH$mjm, odMma, dmgZm g[yU[U{ Z> Pmb{b{ (`m{Jr) `m`m R>m`r a_VmV (EH$ag hm{VmV, g_ag hm{VmV) Vm{ Vy Amh{g. H$maU Vy gdmoYH$ d oMaVZ[U{ _aUr` d AmZXXm`r Amh{g. AodZmer OrdZmMm MV`Xm`r Pam Amh{g. $T>mWmZ{ [aewam_, am_, ]bam_ h{ gd VyM Amh{g d `mMr [yOm hr _ybV: VwPrM [yOm AgV{. Vwbm _mP{ odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 395) odam_:$& odam_m` Z_:$& hUO{ `m`m Wm`r gd MamMa od odlm_ [mdV{ Ag{ WmZ. odm`m `m` $[mMm odb` ]rO$[mZ{ Vw`mV hm{Vm{ hUyZ Vy AoV_ odgm`mM{ oR>H$mU Amh{g. d`o$H$ [mVirda `o$dmM{ [na_mU g[yZ Am_kmZr bm{H$ [na_mUmVrV Aem Vw`m_`{ oMaodlmVr K{VmV. _m`m _m{hmZ{ oZ_mU hm{Umar A"d'WVm, MMbVm d $a$Q> g[yZ V{ I`m AWmZ{ "d'V AmoU "d'W hUO{ Am_$[r odamO_mZ hm{ V mV. H$maU AZmoX d AZ V Agm Vy H$mbmVrV ApVdmZ{ `m{Jg_mYr`m [a_[Xr oMaVZ[U{ amhVm{g. Vw`m gVV _aUmV Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 396) odaO:$& odaOm` Z_:$& odoZo_Vr d odm`m `dhmamMm H$Vm AmoU ^m{$m AgyZhr X{h]wrO` Aod{Z{ ob Z hm{Umam (ew) Ag`mZ{ Vwbm odaO: hUVmV. Vw`mer EH$$[ hm{Uma{ ^$hr ]mV: gdgm_m` `dhmamV AgyZhr A`V ew ]wrM{, [od AgVmV. g[yU g_[U ^mdZ{Z{ Vwbm eVe: dXZ Agm{. 397) _mJ:$& _mJm` Z_:$& gHw$oMV[Um g[dUm`m Vw`m mrgmR>r gdl{> gmYZ (_mJ) hUO{ VwP{M _aU (Vy) Amh{. d{Xd{XmV d BVa gd _mJmM{ (^o$_mJ, [yOm[Vr, `m{J, H$_}, _, V, odMma, A`mg) gma d h{Vy VwP{ gVV _aU d AZwgYmZ (Vy) Amh{. gma{ ghZ{ && 97 && 98. _mJ VwbmM o_iVmV `m AWmZ{ gd_mJmZr `{Um`m gm`mM{ BpgV gm`, Amam` XdV d Iam AoV_ _mJ oOW{ gdOU EH$ hm{VmV VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 398) Z{`:$& Z{`m` Z_:$& hUO{ dmhH$, _mJXeH$, gdmZm Am_d$[r`m H$memH$S>{ (Vw`mH$S>{) Z{Umam, AV`m_r`m [a_[Xr (Vw`m_`{) pWa H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. ododY [VrZr `mMr gJwU^$s (Zm__aU, gH$sVZ, B`mXr_mU{M Vw`m _aUmVrb `{H$ H$Vr) H{$br OmV{ Vr VwPr $[{ ^$mbm H$d`[Xr H$m`_ H$aVmV hUyZ Vwbm Z{ ` : hUVmV. Vwbm _mP{ odma Z_Z Agm{. 399) Z`:$& Z`m` Z_:$& ^$m`m $[m_`{hr dd$[r [mdZ[U{ pWa amhUmam, gXJwUmMmhr gXJwU, >rMr >r, ehmU[UmMmhr ehmU[Um, od `dhmamVrb `m`mM{ `m`Vd, gdl{> doH$ Ym{aU{ d `m{OZm `mM{ Ym{aU, BN>mMr BN>m d gd dmgZmMr dmgZm, ^wH{$Mr ^yH$ d VhmZ{Mr VhmZ Agm VyM Amh{g. gXJwUmMm gXJwU, dmgZ{Mr dmgZm, >rMr >r dJa{ odYmZmMm AW Agm H$s gXJwUmM{ JwUr `$s-dmrer, dmgZm[yVuM{ dmgZ{er `mM{ >rer O{ ZmV{ AgV{ Vg{M JwUr `$s-dmr, dmgZm d >r AmoU Vw`m_`{hr AgV{. _oWVmW Vy m gm`mMr CJ_, H$maH$ AmoU oZ`Vm Amh{g. Vy ^$mMr dmJUyH$ gdQ>m `m` d CXmm ]ZdVm{g. Vwbm eVe: Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 400) AZ`:$& AZ`m` Z_:$& H$[Q> qH$dm Am[mr. `o$OrdZmV da[mJr A`m` H$aUmam, T>m{]i AWmZ{ _mJXeH$ Zgb{bm (_mJXeZ Z H$aUmam) Aodm d _m`{_`{ ^$mZm `m`m ZH$iV AS>H$dyZ W{Q> _mJXeZ Z H$aVm, `m`m AZw^d odmVyZ AV`m_rMm H$me COiUmam Vy Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 401) dra:$& dram` Z_:$& Am_kmZmM{ gm_` AgUmam d X{Umam d `m_wi{ ^$mbm AoVe` I]ra, ^$_ ]ZdUmam d hUyZ gdm}m_ _hm]br (dra). Vwbm _Z:[ydH$ oU[mV Agm{V. 402) eo$_Vm l{>:$& eo$_Vm l{>m` Z_:$& gd gm_`dmZm_`{ gdl{>. H$maU oH$`me$s, BN>me$s d kmZe$sMm ghZ{ && 98 && 99. CJ_ AmoU oZ`Vm VyM Amh{g. Vy ]wr-dmgZm`m AVrV d gd e$sMm CJ_ Ag`mZ{ d y$oVXmVm Ag`mZ{ gdl{> gm_`dmZ Amh{g. ^$mZmhr dV:_mU{M ]ZdUm`m Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 403) Y_:$& Y_m` Z_:$& Yma`oV BoV Y_:$& Vy odmYma Amh{g. gma{ MamMa, KQ>ZmH$_, AVami, H$mi dJa{ gdmMm d OmoUd{`mhr gd j{mMm _ybm{V d _ybmYma Vy Amh{g. `m_wi{ Y_[mbZ H$aU{ `mMm AW `{H$ `$sZ{ dY_ OmUU{ (hUO{ AV`m_rMm Ba OmUU{) d `mZwgma dmJU{ hm{`. ]mV: [moh`mg `{H$ AUwa{Uy d `$s_`{ Om{ doeQ>[yU JwUY_ dm d^mdY_ AgVm{ `mbm Y_ hQ>b{ OmBb. gm_m`Q>m gma{ od Vw`m[mgyZ d{Ji{ Zmhr `m AWmZ{ hm AW MwH$sMm Zmhr. [U "dY_' `mMm hm AW $maM gHw$oMV Ag`mZ{ d $$ Aeg` Ag`mZ{ _mZdr OrdZmV CWi d KmVH$ R>aVm{. H$maU Agm AW bmJ`mZ{ `$sbm gdl{> OrdZm_Vmbm, I`m "d'bm _wH$md{ bmJV{. jw ]m]t_`{ g`moY>mZ ey` Am`w` `VrV H$amd{ bmJV{. H$Yr eyd/A[`d Va H$Yr ]ZmdQ> ]m` [Xar `md{ bmJV{. Agm AW bmd`m_wi{ `$s_Yrb gw BamMr H$m|S>r hm{V{ AmoU CWi JwUY_mZwgma R>aUmam OmMH$ gHw$oMV ""dY_'' AmZwdoeH$V{`m AmYmam_wi{ O_mZwgma bmXbm OmVm{ d bmXyZ K{Vbm OmVm{ d [wT>{ [yOZr` Y_ hUyZ ^mdr o[T>mZmhr bmJy amhVm{. hr ""dY_m`m'' ZmdmImbr hm{Umar I`m Y_mMr odQ>]Zm d Hw$M]UmM hm{`. gmYwgVmZr ^Jdm_mma{ Y_mMr hr Hw$M]Um d H$m|S>r $m{S>`mMm [ohbm, `m{` oXe{Z{ `Z H{$bm. [`m[` gdmZm `mZr ^Jdm_ AmoU Am_kmZmMm XadmOm CKS>yZ oXbm. _oXam`m XadmOm[{jm hm XadmOm CKS>U{ hr gdm} H$mVr hm{Vr d Amh{. dY_mM{-h{-Ia{ kmZ Pmb{ VaM JwUY_mM{ C`Z hm{V{ d ew kmZmZ{ m JwUm`m g[yU AmodH$mamV `m[H$Vm `{D$Z odYm`H$ H$mVr `jmV `{D$ eH$V{. A`Wm dY_ hUO{{ oZdi JwUY_ Ag{ g_O`mg A[nadVZerb d A`m` Aem gm_moOH$ `dW{g oZXm}f `o$g_yh `m_mU{ ]ir [S>Vm{ Vg{M ^JdVm_ d Am_kmZmbm JmUd `{D$Z `$s`m AmY`m, ]{]X d gHw$oMV _hdmH$mj{`m W_mZm_`{ _Zw`g_mO odXrU hm{Vm{. Iam Y_ hUO{ AV`m_rMm VyM Amh{g. VwPr MrVr K{U AmoU Cy$V[U{ dV:`m doeQ>mZwgma `m MrVrbm bm{H$H$`mUH$mar [a[a[m{fH$ [VrZ{ AmodH$V H$aU hmM AmOMm odY_ Amh{. Iam dY_ Aem Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. ghZ{ && 99 && 100. 404) Y_odXwm_:$& Y_odXwm_m` Z_:$& od` U{ M { BW ^ y V kmZ gd g mmYredmZ{ OmUUmam _hVdd{ mm. od`U{`m g]YrM{ R>m{H$Vmi{ _mZdr g_mOmda bmX`mMm `Z hUO{ C XOmM{ AkmZ d AodmM hm{`. `m Aod{_wi{ VWmH$oWV AmpVH$ dm ZmpVH$ VdkmZmZm gmM{]X gm_moOH$ d$[ `{V{. X{dmodf`r odoe> H$[Zm H$$Z `m g` g_OU{ (CXm. Vm{ `m` X{Vm{ dJa{) hUO{ dV:`m H$[Zmdarb AYodmg lm hm{`. Vg{M S>mndZMm CH$mVrdmX Agm{ dm _mgMm E{oVhmogH$ ^moVH$dmX, `m`mdarb odmg hUO{ dV:`m _`moXV ]wrdarb A_`mX, ^m]S>r lm hm{`. `m_mU{ O_mZwgma `dgm` d gm_moOH$ WmZ R>aU{ d o[T>mZo[T>m Mmby amhU{ hr Am_kmZm`m H$memV odaKiyZ Q>mH$`mMr ]m] Amh{; H$maU `$sM{ JwU `dgm` d gm_moOH$ O_md$Z R>aU{ o[T>mZo[T>m Mmby amhU{ h{ Ja Amh{,) `m_mU{ C[mXZm`m gmYZmVrb odH$mgmda g_mOmM{ ]mH$s gd [by Adb]yZ AgVmV; hm ^_hr Am_kmZm`m H$memV odaKidyZ Q>mH$`mMr oZVmV Amd`H$Vm Amh{, (H$maU C[mXZm`m gmYZmgH$Q> gdM Ordemr` d _mZdr CH$mVr hr [naUm_d$[ Amh{V. H$maH$ ZmhrV. lmMm `mJ H$$Z Am_mZw^yVr K{U{ hmM Iam Y_`m{J hm{`. lm `m eXmMm gVmZm Ao^{V Agb{bm AW hUO{ AhH$mamM{ g_[U, X{h]wrM{ g_[U. `m AWmZ{ lm hm eX `m[ydu d BW{ dm[ab{bm Zmhr. ""o]Z]wS>mMm odmg'' m AWmZ{ dm[abm Amh{. `mM{ kmZ Vy X{Vm{g H$maU Y_mMm Iam kmZr H{$di VyM Amh{g. AmO H$m_JmadJm`m hHy$_emhrM{ qH$]m ]mOma]wU`m Iw`m ]mOma[{R>{M{ Zh{ Va Am_kmZm`m AV:H$memM{ H$`mUH$mar am` gmH$ma hm{U{ Amd`H$ d g`wo$H$ Amh{. d$[mH$a (Vx[) hm{Uma{ _hmkmZrM h{ oZoV[U{ OmUy d AZw^dy eH$VmV, d Am_kmZm`m AZw^yVr d >rVyZM od`dWm AmoU od`dhma odH$ogV Pmbm [mohO{ h{ OmUy eH$VmV. Vg{M d gd H$maMm dU/dJ/de odaKidUmam Am`mp_H$ AZw^yVrMm AmodH$ma amOH$s`, ejoUH$, gm_moOH$, odMma[Vr, ogmV, g_mO`dWm, am``dWm, am`KQ>Zm B`mXtdarb H$S>`m oZ>m AmoU VXZwfoJH$ VmUVUmd d `w{ hr X{h]wr/Aod{`m [JS>mMr m{VH$ Amh{V. OmVr, ^mfm, am`, am>, [gm `mVyZ CX^dUma{ gKf AkmZ d gHw$oMV[UmM{ m{VH$ Amh{V. d`o$H$ X`miy[UmVyZ C[ hm{Umam Aqhg{Mm Agm{ AJa H$m`mVyZ JQ> hm{Umam qhgH$ odMma Agm{- Xm{hrhr AodmO` AgyZ, JVr`m _mJmVrb Xr[V^ ]Zy eH$V ZmhrV. AmO`m g^_mdW{V Am_kmZ$[r Vy Xr[V^m_mU{ _mJXeH$ ]Zy eH$Vm{g. [>rH$aUmgmR>r `dhmamVrb Ymo_H$ lmMr H$mhr CXmhaU{ K{Vm `{Vrb. ghZ{ && 100 && 101. Am_kmZmZ{ g_OV{ H$s, oeZmdarb dMm H$m[`mZ{, ]mo_m K{V`mZ{, XmT>r dmT>dbr qH$dm H$m[`mZ{, _wO H{$`mZ{ Y_ KS>V/o]KS>V qH$dm ]XbV Zmhr. gm{di{ Z{g`mZ{ qH$dm gm{S>`mZ{ Y_hmZr hm{V Zmhr. H$mi{ ]waI{ KmbyZ, PJ{ KmbyZ, ^Jd{ KmbyZ qH$dm A` H$m{U`mhr ]m ]XbmZ{ Y_ ]XbV Zmhr. EdT>{M Zh{ Va gH$mir `{ey oVmMr, Xw[mar _h_X [J]amMr d amr JU[VrMr [yOm H{$br Va `mV Y_^>V{Mm qH$dm Y_^OZmMm ^mJ `{V Zmhr. H$maU Ag{ H$aUmam oZJwU oZamH$ma AV]m `m[Um`m VwPrM [yOm H$arV AgVm{ AmoU AS>mUr dmWmY H$S>`m Y_H$[Zm$[r _yVuM{ ^OZ H$arV AgVm{. Y_mM{ Zh{. `mM_mU{ Agm Y_kmZr EH$mM [yOmWmZm_`{ gd Y_mMr XdV{ Wm[yZ `mMrhr [yOm H$$ eH$Vm{. H$maU `m`m >rZ{ hr gmar XdV{ VwPrM oMh{ AgVmV. Aer gdY__oXa{ hr doH$ EH$m_V{Mr ZmXrhr R>$ eH$VmV. [U EdT>{M Zh{, Vm{ gd Y_m`m XdVmMm `mJhr H$$ eH$Vm{ AmoU AVW Aem Vw`mda _Z, ]wr d oMm EH$mJ H$$ eH$Vm{. AI{a, `mVb{ H$mhrhr H{$b{ AWdm Z H{$b{ Var Vm{ Y_^> hm{V Zmhr. Vwbm Y_odXwm_: hUVmV H$maU Vw`m kmZmZ{ (Iar Y_MrVr Amb{br) `$s Vw`m H$[{Z{ BVamZmhr kmZr ]ZdV{. gd odMmam`m Mmh`m_Yrb, gdY_m`m oZ>mdVm_Yrb d gd H$ma`m o^ o^ _Zw`_mmVrb VwP{ AIS> d EH$m_ ApVd `mZm XmIdyZ `mM{ AV:jy CKSy> eH$V{. [a[aodam{Yr e$sZm CV H$aV `mZm [a[a[yaH$ AmoU [a[a[m{fH$ ]ZdyZ _mZd H$`mUm`m _hmdmhmV g_ag H$$ eH$V{. gd ` doeQ>mM{ Xw`_ d dadaM{ ApVd g_OmdyZ X{D$Z g[yU odmVrb _mZdm-_mZdmVrb oMaVZ EH$d MrVrbm AmUyZ X{D$ eH$V{. odH$`mUmMr h_r X{Um`m Y_kmZr d Y_modH$mar (Y_odXwm_:) Vwbm H$m{Q>r H$m{Q>r Um_ Agm{V. dHw$R>: [wf: mU: mUX: Ud: [Ww:$& oha`J^: ewZm{ `mm{ dm`waYm{jO:$&& 505) dHw$R>:$& dHw$R>m` Z_:$& dHw$R>: hUO{ odUwbm{H$, B (_Z) AmoU [mT>ar Vwig. [M_hm^yVm_H$ odmbm AmoU `o$dmbm Y` d AmYma X{Umam, oZJhe$s X{Umam, gw]H$Vm, S>mb, oMH$mQ>r AmoU _mYw` X{Umam d `m`m{J{ AVm`VVm AmoU AdZVrMm oV]Y H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. Vwier_`{ Ag{ JwUgmY` Ag`mZ{ Vwierbmhr dHw$R>: hUVmV. Vwbm _mP{ odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 101 && 102. 406) [wf:$& [wfm` Z_:$& [war e`ZmV [wf:$& gd MamMa$[r ([XmW, D$Om, AdH$me, H$mi, OmUrd AmoU `o$d{) earamV amhUmam hUyZ Vwbm [w f: hUVmV. g>rMm Ama^ d e{dQ> gma{ `m[Umam AmoU AkmZm`m AYmamVyZ _w$ H$aUmam hUyZ Vy dV, d`^y, goXmZX_` _yi[wf, [a_[wf Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 407) mU:$& mUm` Z_:$& mU hr [na_mUmVrV "D$Om' Amh{. kmV D$OmH$mamer Vr H$em Vh{Z{ g]oYV Amh{ `mMm oZpMV V[erb kmV AgyZ oV`m OmUdUm`m [naUm_mZm mU, A[mZ, `mZ, g_mZ, CXmZ `m gkmZr Am{iIb{ OmV{. hm VwPmM EH$ odbjU AodH$ma AgyZ gma{ od `m`mma{ MV`_` ]ZV{. VwP{ gmYH$ mUm`m_mma{ Vwbm OmU`mV `edr hm{VmV V{ Vw`m m AodH$mamVrb ApVdm_wi{. Vwbm AZ`^md{ oU[mV Agm{V. 408) mUX $& mUXm` Z_$& mUdmMm XmVm, CXJVm. mUO` gd `dhmamMm CJ_ AmoU e{dQ> Vw`m_`{ hm{Vm{. Vw`m `m _hmeo$embr d oMaH$`mUXm`r ApVdmV dV>M{ gHw$oMV ApVd [yU[U{ g_o[V hmd{ hUyZM `wJmZw`wJ{ _w_wjw, gmYH$, og, ^$, `m{Jm`mgr, kmZm{[mgH$, dJa{ AmoU H$m{Q>mdYr gm_m` bm{H$ YS>[S>V Amh{V.H$sVZ, H$Wm-[wamU, `mZ, [yOm, V[`m, C[mg, dV{, `m{J, gH$_} B`mXr ododY H$ma{ Vwbm AmidV Amh{V. Vw`mV g_ag Pmb{`mZm mUe$sMr M{VZm o_iV{, OmUdV{ d `mM{ OrdZ A_`mX e$sMm _hmgmJa d _hmm{V ]ZV{. H$maU EH$m H$ma{ [moh`mg X{hmbm gmWH$Vm d Ame`KZVm OrdZ MV`mZ{ `{V{. OrdZM V `mbm CXmm d o H$ [na_mU OmoUd{ ma{ `{ V { AmoU, OmoUd{ b m goXmZX_`Vm Vw`m_wi{ `{V{. H$Vrbm eo$OrdZmZ{, OrdZmbm oXem OmoUd{Z{ AmoU OmoUd{bm gOZerb MV` Vw`m_wi{ mV hm{V{. Vw`mMaUr AVH$aU[ydH$ Z_Z Agm{. 409) [Ud $& Udm` Z_$& UdpV _w X{dmV_mV Ud C`V{ $& `m` odmMr gwdmV H$aUma{ eX], Am|H$ma, `mMr OmUrd `$sbm AVdZrZ{ hm{V{. `o$_dmM{ gHw$oMV ApVd [amdmUr`m, AVdZr`m, AZmhVdZr`m OmoUd{]am{]a A_`mX Bam_`{ odaKiyZ OmV{. oOWyZ OrdZm`m AmodH$mambm gwdmV Pmbr oVW{M Am[U Amhm{V `mMr OmUrd d`o$H$ ApVd ghZ{ && 102 && 103. g[b{`m `$sbm hm{V{. gmhoOH$M odmMm CJ_ d AVX{Irb `mhyZ o^ Agy eH$V Zmhr. ( H$maU odmVrb gmar Vd{ H$_r-AoYH$ _mUmV _Zw`m_`{hr AgVmVM,) `m VH$kmZmZ{ AmoU dV`m _hmgOZerb Aem Am|H$ma_` ApVdm`m MrVrZ{, odmMr gwdmVhr H$mbmVrV Am|H$mamZ{ hm{V{ h{ oZoV hm{V{. hUyZ Vwbm Ud: hUVmV. Vw`mM H$[{Z{ `$sbm AV`m_r dgUma{ VwP{ Am|H$ma$[ OmUdV{ d ghmaMH$ d kmMjy CKS>VmV. VwPm AZmhV dZr d OmoUd{`m [brH$S>rb [amdmUrVrb VwP{ $[ `$s`m X`mVyZ H$b{`m, dkmoZH$ em{Ym`m, VdqMVZm`m, mgmoXH$ H$m`m`m, JWaMZ{`m d H$`mUH$mVr`m `wJdVH$ H$m`mZ{ AmodH$V hm{VmV. `$sMr od^yVr hm{V{ d oV`m Am_gJrVm`m AmZXXm`r bhatda Am$T> hm{D$Z bmIm{JU _wo$_mJmZ{ dmQ>Mmb H$$ bmJVmV. Ia{ [mhVm gHw$oMVVdmM{ A_`mX d kmZr ApVdmV hm{Uma{ h{ g_[U hUO{ `k AmoU h{ $[mVa hUO{M Iam O_. hUyZhr I`m OrdZmMm Ama^H$Vm `m >rZ{hr Vwbm Ud: hUU{ g`wo$H$ R>aV{. Vwbm oZaVa Z_Z Agm{. 410) [Ww:$& [Wd{ Z_:$& AoVe` odemb AmoU MVwa. Vy H$[ZmVrV odemb AmoU ghO _w$s X{Umam (MVwa) Amh{g. VwPr hr j_Vm Am_kmZr F$ftZr H{$b{`m Vw`m mWZm_`{ d [amOmoUd{VyZ H{$b{`m Vw`m dUZm_H$ Zm_m_`{hr AgV{. hUyZ VwP{ Zm_ h{ EImm _hmZ, Hw$eb d MVwa _mJXeH$mgmaI{ Amh{. Vw`m Zm_m`m oZH$Q>V{Z{ ^$ Am_MrVr`m MV`_` WmZr pWa hm{Vm{. Vwbm _mP{ AIS> Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 411) oha`J^:$& oha`J^m` Z_:$& gma{ MamMa H$[mVr ]rOm$[mZ{ Vw`m R>m`r amhyZ Vw`m[mgyZM [whm CX^dV{ hUyZ gmjmV gOZerbV{Mm (]mMm) d hUyZM H$mimMm d OmoUd{Mmhr _hmZ gdembr o[Vm Vy Amh{g. hUyZ Vwbm [amH$m{Q>rM{ d^d AmodH$V H$aUmam J^ hUO{M oha`J^ hUVmV. Vw`mMaUr H$m`_ _VH$ amhm{. 412) ewZ:$& ewZm` Z_:$& eyMm Zme H$aUmam. AkmZ, X{h]wr, Xw:I, odH$ma, Aodm, _m{h d `mZr ob hm{D$Z dV:`m d BVam`m Am_m{Vr_`{ AS>Wim ]Zb{b{ bm{H$ `m`m gHw$oMV ApVdmMm Vy (VwP{ kmZ) Zme H$aV{g. Vwbm H$Vk Um_ Agm{V. ghZ{ && 103 && 104. 413) `m:$& `mm` Z_:$& AmH$memVrb VmaH$mg_yh, AmoU AmH$meJJm`m ^_Um[mgyZ V{ AUwa{UyVrb gy_moVgy_ hmbMmbr[`V AmoU _Zm`m ododY [mVirdarb `m[mam[mgyZ V{ `$sbm AZmH$bZr` Aem [amOmoUd{`m KS>m_m{S>t[`V odmMm [gmam A$mQ> d AZV Amh{. `mM_mU{ Wi, H$mi d AV>r m`m AVyQ> [U AkmV g]Ym[mgyZ V{ AV:km d AUwa{UyVrb KS>m_m{S>r `mVrb g]Ym[`V (`m_wi{ odmVrb oZ`_ _mZdm`m AmH$bZmV `{VmV) od A_`mX[U{ [gab{b{ Amh{. Vy h{ gma{ oZ``m`m d gmmYm`m`m ^yo_H{$Z{ `m[Umam Amh{g. _mP{ gdd Vw`m R>m`r g_o[V hm{dm{. 414) dm`w:$& dm`d{ Z_:$& dm`y. dm`y h{ mUmM{ hUO{ VwP{ $[. odmVrb, earamVrb d _ZmVrb `{H$ hmbMmbrMm H$maH$ hUO{ [mM dm`y qH$dm Am`wd}XmVrb oXm{fm[H$s dmV hm Xm{f. mUm`m_, Zm__aU d BVa gmYZm_wi{ d Vw`m H$[{Z{ Vw`m dm`w$[mVrb (dmV) AmodH$mamM{ kmZ hm{D$Z _m`{M{ (`m` KQ>ZmM{) Ia{ d$[ H$i`mg d _m`{M{ ]YZ VwQ>`mg _XV hm{V{. Am_mZwgYmZm_`{ Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 415) AYm{ j O:$& AYm{ j Om` Z_:$& AYm{ Z jr`V{ OmVw `_mV V_mXAYm{jO:$& Om{ H$Yrhr AYm{_mJu d AYm{JVrg OmV Zmhr d oZaVa OmoUd{`m AVrV ]mZX_` AdW{V AgVm{ Vm{ AYm{jO:. g_ag hm{`mgmR>r Vd$[ h{M EH$_{d d gdl{> CH$fmM{ WmZ. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. F$Vw: gwXeZ: H$mb: [a_{>r [naJh:$& CJ: gdgam{ Xjm{ odlm_m{ odXojU:$&& 416) F$Vw:$& F$Vd{ Z_:$& dgV, Jr_, dfm, eaX, h{_V, oeoea h{ F$Vw d `wJmZw`wJmMm Vy dm_r d oZ`Vm Amh{g. h{ gma{ hUO{ VwP{ doH$ Z`-gJrV Amh{, brbm Amh{, H$sS>m Amh{. Vw`modf`r`m m kmZmZ{ ^$X`mVrb AhH$maO` XS>[U Z> hm{D$Z oZaVZ AmZXmMr H$maOr X`mH$memV CSy> bmJVmV. Vwbm _mP{ ^o$[ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. 417) gwXeZ:$& gwXeZm` Z_:$& MmJb{ (oed) XeZ. VwP{ XeZ AV]m ew H$aV{ d g_mYmZ X{V{. Vg{M Vw`m ghZ{ && 104 && 105. XeZmZ{ AkmZ Z> hm{D$Z kmZmMm oVgam Z{ CKS>Vm{. g`mM{ `WmW kmZ d Vm` gm_` m H$$Z X{Um`m Vwbm _mP{ gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 418) H$mb:$& H$mbm` Z_:$& H$mim d H$mi. od>b, am_, H$U, odUy `m gd gJwU $[m_`{ VwPm aJ H$mim AgVm{. `mMm JwmW Vy ` H$mem`m AVrV Amh{g AmoU H$mbmVrV Amh{g Agmhr hm{Vm{. ^yV, ^od`, dV_mZ, h{ gd H$mhr Vw`m_`{ gm_mdb{b d Vw`m AYrZ Amh{. _hmgmmYmar d _wo$Xm`r Vwbm gmXa Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 419) [a_{>r$& [a_{o>Z{ Z_:$& V{Om{_` dd$[r, Aearar EH$mJV{Z{ oZaVa [mhUmam d ^$mZm X`Jw{$_`{ AZw^dVm `{`mgmaIm. [a_{>rMm [ma[naH$ AW ]X{d, odUy, _h{e, AoX{d, ghmdm _Zw, ]X{dmM{ MmXm [w (dm`_ dmam{oM[, Cm_, Vm_g, a{dV, Mmjwf, dddV, gmdoU, gmdoU, X{dgmdoU d BgmdoU `mZm _yi [wf _mZVmV.) Agm hm{Vm{. mVrb V` Ag{ H$s ]X{d hUO{ gOZerbVm, ]m, odUw, _h{e h{ VrZ JwU d VrZ oH$`m, _Zw hUO{ _Zw` d g>r`m `m[mamMm CJ_ Ag{ doH$ _Z d d`o$H$ _Z AmoU ]mM{ MmXm [w hUO{ MmXm ^wdZ{ (qH$dm _Z ]wr oMm AhH$ma d [M_hm^yV{ d [MV_m{) Agm hm{D$ eH$Vm{.[a_{>r hUO{ JS>. hUyZ odUyMm (odpWVrMm oZ`Vm) dmhH$ d hUyZ odmVrb oH$`mMm dmhH$ VyM Amh{g. A[a[ma od`dhmamMm AoY[Vr Aem Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 420) [naJh:$& [naJhm` Z_:$& gM` qH$dm gmR>m, qH$dm gmR>m JhU H$aUmam. gm`m doH$ ApVdm_wi{ gmR>m Va `m ApVdmMm dm_r Ag`mZ{ d h{ gma{ H$[mVr Vw`m_`{ odbrZ hm{V Ag`mZ{ gmR>m JhU H$aUmam. Vg{M ^$m`m mWZm K{Umam hUyZhr Vyy [naJh: Amh{g. VwP{ ^$hr dVy, e$s, bm^, H$[Zm, AhH$ma `m`m_`{ ] d ob Z hm{Vm ]V{OmM{ d E{`mM{ gmmYre AgVmV. ^m{{$ AgVmV. Vw`mMaUr _VH$ oMaH$mi amh X{. 421) CJ:$& CJm` Z_:$& ^`H$a. V`m AZwgYmZm`m Xa`mZ gHw$oMV `o$dmMm `mJ KS>Vm{. hm `mJ gmjmV _`y_mU{M AoV^`H$a AgVm{. O{ Am[b Amh{ Ag Am[U O_^a g_OV Ambm{ d `m`mda Ordm[mS> {_ H{$b `m gd `$s d dVyZm _ZmZ{ ghZ{ && 105 && 106. AVaU{ hUO{ EH$mH$s[UmMr [nagr_m AgV{. AYmaH$m{R>S>rV H$m`_M{ JS>[ hm{VmZm hmdm Vgm WaH$m[ dV:`m AhH$mamMm, H$[ZmMm AmoU gm`m _m{h_`r XwoZ`{Mm `mJ H$aVmZm hm{Vm{. Amg$sVyZ _w$s X{Um`m Vw`m _wo$Xm`r $[mMr MS> ^rVr dmQ>V{. oda$sM d^d Z [{bd`mZ{ _m{hmMr ]YZ{ Vm{S>Umam Vy A`V amJrQ> d Hy$a ^mgVm{g. [aVw AoV_ H$`mUmMr mr H$$Z X{Um`m Vwbm Vy oH$Vrhr CJ ^mgbmg Var oZaVa Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 422) gdga:$& gdgam` Z_:$& g`H$ dgpV ^yVmoZ `p_Z BoV gdga:$& gd H$mhr `m`m R>m`r Amh{ Agm H$mi Vy Amh{g. H$mimbmhr gm_mdUmam H$mbmVrV d H$mi Aem Vw`m ApVdmer g_ag hm{VmM H$m{U`mhr jw/jU^Jwa dVyMr Amg$s d gJ amhV Zmhr. H{$di g`mMm gJ amhVm{. hUyZ [a_m{ `mJmM{ l{> CXmhaU VyM Amh{g. gdga hUO{ `k. gma{ odM Vwbm `{D$Z o_iV{ hUyZ Vy l{> `k Amh{g. (H$mimMm EH$ ^mJ hUyZ dfmbmhr gdga hUVmV. ew^ _whV, gU, B`mXr gd dfmV `{VmV. ]mS> d q[S>m_mU{M h{ ZmV{ Amh{.) Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 423) Xj:$& Xjm` Z_:$& g_W, hema, V[a, ew d H$Zdmiy. g[yU odmMm AoV_ gOZerb CJ_ Aem Vw`m_`{ EH$$[ Pmb{`m_`{ Xw]i{[Um, _X[Um, Amig, AkmZ d AgwaojVV{_YyZ `{Uma{ H$m` amhV Zmhr. dr`, Am{O, odUy, oed B`mXr go>H$`m Vdm`m AmodH$mamZmhr [a[a{Z{ Xj hUVmV. `m_mJrb _oWVmWhr Vy gdm} gm_`dmZ AgyZ ^$mZm Vg{ ]ZdVm{g hmM Amh{. _m`m AkmZO` jwdmMr g[yU AmhVr Vwbm A[U Agm{ d Vwbm H$Vk Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 424) odlm_:$& odlm_m` Z_:$& odmVrb d `$s_Yrb gd oH$`m-oH$`mM{ CJ_WmZ Ag`mZ{ Vy dV: _m A`V emV Amh{g. Vg{M Vwbm OmU`mZ{ `$sMr gmar AhH$maO` YS>[S> d AkmZO` H$>_` [adS> Z> hm{V{. hUyZ Vwbm odlm_: (hUO{ odlmVrM{ WmZ) hUVmV. Vw`mM AZwgYmZmV _mP{ Vwbm eVe: Um_ Agm{V. 425) odXojU:$& odXojUm` Z_:$& A`V Hw$eb d gj_. Vy g[yU odmMr `dWm Hw$ebV{Z{ [mhVm{g (`m{` ghZ{ && 106 && 107. H$_$b X{Vm{g) d doH$ `kmV (gma{ od Vw`mV odbrZ hm{V{ hUyZ) gdmZm gh^mJr H$aVm{g. Vwbm odZ_ Z_Z Agm{. odVma: WmWaWmUw: _mU ]rO_``_$& AWm}@ZWm} _hmH$m{em{ _hm^m{Jm{ _hmYZ:$&& 426) odVma:$& odVmam` Z_:$& ododVma ]rO$[mVyZ AmodH$V H$aUmam d odmMm odVma dV:V gm_mdyZ K{Umam hUyZ Vwbm odVma: hUVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 427) Wmda: WmUw:$& WmdaWmUd{ Z_:$& hmbMmb Zgb{bm. Vy hmbMmb Zgb{bm Amh{g `mMm AW ^mdO` hmbMmb Zgb{bm Amh{g. odmVrb d `$sVrb gd hmbMmbrMm d MMbV{Mm H$maH$ [U dV:da H$m{U`mhr ]m]rMm ^md Zgb{bm hUyZ Vy ^$_, AMMb AmoU AT>i Agm _ybmYma Amh{g. odoZ`Vm odmYma [naUm_d$[ hmbMmb Zgb{bm Amh{g. drO `m_mU{ BoOZm`m hmbMmbrMr H$maH$ AgV{ d AoVd{JdmZ AgyZhr [naUm_d$[ hmbMmbtZr `w$ ZgV{ VgmM Vy VabV_, d{J_` AgyZhr T>V_ oZ`Vm d AMb Amh{g. Vwbm H$Vk dXZ Agm{. 428) _mU$& _mUm` Z_:>$& `m`m AmYma{ g`mg`V{Mm [S>Vmim K{Vbm OmVm{ qH$dm `m`m AmYmamZ{ ]mH$s ]m]tM{ _y`_m[Z hm{V{ `mbm Um_ hUVmV. odmMr AoV_ _`mXm, [na_mUmMhr [na_mU d gdm}Vm{[na gd Ag`mZ{ odKQ>ZmM{ d `o$OrdZmM{ EH$_{d oMaVZ d emdV Ag{ _mU VyM Amh{g. `mCbQ> Vy gy_moVgy_ d M{VZ{Mr hr M{VZm Ag`mZ{ Vw[ hm{`m`oVna$ d _mUmM{ odMma Vw`m AZw^yVrV odaKi`m`oVna$ Vw`m ApVdmbm A` H$m{UV{hr _mU Zmhr. Vw`m MaUr H$m{Q>r H$m{Q>r XS>dV Agm{V. 429) ]rO_``$& ]rOm` A``m` Z_$& gm`m odmM C[omWmZ hUyZ Vy ]rO Amh{g. [aVw gdgm_m` ]rOm_mU{ AHw$a`m`m oH$`{V ]rOd hadUma{ ]rO Vy Zmhrg. gd H$mimZm `m[Uma{, H$mbmVrV Ag{ dmV, A`` ]rO Vy Amh{g. gy_moVgy_ d AZmodH$mnaV (]rO$[) AmoU gd`m[r H$mbmVrV Ag{ dmV A`` AgUmam Agm Vy Ag`mZ{ Vwbm ]rO_``_ (A`` ]rO) hUVmV. ]m, odUy, _h{e m ghZ{ && 107 && 108. odm`m VrZhr JwUmZm d pWVtZm CX^dUmam d `m[Umam Aem gdgmmYre Vwbm oZaVa Z_Z Agm{. 430) AW$& AWm` Z_$& odmVrb ododY KQ>ZmM{ AmoU `m_mJrb oZ`_mM{ g[yU AmH$bZ hUO{ `m gd KQ>Zmda oZ`U. g[yU AmH$bZ hUO{ `m KQ>Zm KS>odVm `{U{, ]XbVm `{U{. odkmZmZ{ odm`m ododY KQ>ZmM{ AmH$bZ H$$Z Vg` KQ>Zm KS>od`m OmVmV. O{dT>{ AmH$bZ [na[yU V{dT>r odkmZmMr P{[ CmwJ hm{V{, dkmoZH$ AmdmH$m _m{R>m hm{Vm{. g[yU odmMr oZo_Vr H$aUmam, oZo_Vrbmhr oZo_Umam (hUyZ gdH$mhr BW^yV OmUUmam) AmoU oZo_b{b{ d oZ_mUoH$`m h{hr AgUmam (hUyZ odmMm Iam Ame` AgUmam) Vy Amh{g. Aem Vh{Z{ odmM{ H$maU,odoZ_rVr, od, odmMm C{e, h{ gd H$mhr AgUmam d OmUUmam Vy Ag`mZ{ mYm`mZ{ OmU`mg gdmV _hdmMm Agm JwmW Vy Amh{g. Xwg`m >rZ{ Vwbm OmUU{ hUO{ OrdZmM{ d odmM{ Jw gdVm{[na OmUU{. Vwbm OmUU{ hUO{ Vwbm g_o[V hm{D$Z Vx[ hm{U{. Vw`m MaUr g_[U ^mdZ{Z{ gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 431) AZW$& AZWm` Z_$& Ame`, h{Vy, C{e (dmgZm, Amg$s) Zgb{bm. gdgm_m` `mdhmarH$ ]m]tM{ ]wrbm hm{Uma{ AmH$bZ, `modf`rM{ dma` qH$dm gdgm_m`[U{ C{e, h{Vy d `{` `mMr H{$br OmUmar H$[Zm Vw`m ApVdmbm bmJy hm{V Zmhr. H$maU ]wrbm AmH$bZ hm{Um`m AW-AWhrZVm, `m{`-A`m{`, AYma-H$me, YZ-F$U, kmZ-AkmZ, AgU{-ZgU{ Aem gd m`m Vy AVrV Amh{g. hr gd { Vw`mV odb` [mdVmV, odaKiyZ OmVmV, gm_mdyZ OmVmV, CH$mV hm{V hm{V Vw`mV g_agyZ OmVmV. H$maU { hr ]wr_wi{ d ]wr`m [mVirda OmUdVmV AmoU AmodH$V hm{V AgVmV. ]wrM{ C`Z hr Vw`m MrVrMr [ydAQ> Amh{. AhH$ma d X{h]wrO` ]wr H{$di { [mhV{ (mbm amOg kmZ Ag{hr hUVmV) m_Yrb EH$mJVm `jmV AmUy eH$V Zmhr. m_moUH$ d Hw$emJ ]wr`m ]wrdVmZm VH$mVrV Ag VwP ApVd VH$> dmQ>V, [Q>V Zmhr. `mZm VwP ApVd hr ^mH$S>H$Wm dmQ>V{, Im{Q>{[Um dmQ>Vm{. gmZ ZmpVH$m`m ZmpVH$V{M _yi AVaJmVrV [a_mZX_` gm_`m`m AOmUV{[UmV Amh{, VH$mVrV [k{`m A^mdmV Amh{. AhH$ma d X{h]wrM{ C`Z Z hm{`mV Amh{. Am_MrVrM{ gm_` Z o_im`mZ{ oZ_mU hm{Um`m Xw]i{[UmV Amh{.`mM_mU{ A`V dVV AmMaU H$aUm`m ]wrdmXr gXJhWmMr [m[m`m JXmam{im_wi{ hm{Umar Vi_i Am_gmjmH$mam`m A^mdmV Amh{. dmVodH$ AgU{ ghZ{ && 108 && 109. d ZgU{ `m`mhr [brH$S>rb mVrV Aem AoVdm_wi{ Vy EH$mMd{ir AW[yUhr Amh{g d AWhrZhr Amh{g h{ [yU[U{ g` Amh{. hUyZ Vwbm AZW Ag{hr hQ>b{ Amh{. Vwbm oZaVa [Um_ Agm{V. 432) _hmH$m{e$& _hmH$m{em` Z_$& _m{R>r o[edr, Wbr qH$dm AmdaU. gOrd-oZOrd dVy`m ApVdm`m Vab- VabVa Aem ododY [mV`mZwgma `mM{ `mM{ JwUY_, oH$`me$s d oH$`mdoeQ>{ R>aV AgVmV AmoU ododYV{Z{ ZQ>b{br AmT>iVmV. _Zw`mM{ ApVd A_` H$m{e, _Zm{_` H$m{e, odkmZ_` H$m{e, mU_` H$m{e d AmZX_` H$m{e mZr dUZ H{{$b{ OmV{. oH$ob`Z N>m`moMH$b{ma{ K{Vbr OmUmar N>m`moM{ Or EH$ ]m] XmIdyZ X{VmV Vr hUO{ `> earamer AIS>[U{ oZJS>rV d earamhZ gy_ ApVdhr _Zw`mbm AgV{. m N>m`moMVmVrb odoe> odwV^mnaV H$Um`m dm[am_wi{ oH$ob`Z N>m`moM{ d{Jir ^mgVmV Ag{ Agb{ Varhr `m odYmZmbm ]mYm `{V Zmhr. AmZX_` H$m{e BVa gd H$m{emZm AV]m `m[Vm{ d `mM{ oZ`U H$aVm{. odmM{ gma{M ApVd Vy AV]m `m[Vm{g- gdVm{g d oZ`nV H$aVm{g hUyZhr Vy _hmH$m{e (J^me`) Amh{g. Vy Ag{ J^me` Amh{g H$s O{ odm`m oZo_Vr[ydr AmoU oZ_m`mZVahr `mbm `m[V{ d oZ`nVhr H$aV{. `m_wi{M _hmH$m{e m eXmbm ]rO d H$obH$m h{ AWhr Amh{V. H$maU ]rO$[mVrV JwU, oZo_Vrg d pWVrg O]m]Xma AgVmV._hmH$m{e hUO{ odE{`mM H$R>m{a hUyZhr Vy _hmH$m{ e Amh{g. `mM_mU{ _hmH$m{ e hUO{ AooX`. AV]m g[yU g_[Umoedm` d gwdUm_mU{ g[yU ApVd CH$mV Pm`moedm` VwPr mVr hm{V Zmhr. OiUm`m dmVrbm AV]m `m{VrM AmdaU m hm{V Vg ^$mZm VwP, hUyZ `mhr AWmZ{ Vwbm _hmH$m{ e hUU{ `m{`M oXgV{. AV]m gd `m[Um`m d oZ`nV H$aUm`m Vwbm oeagm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 433) _hm^m{J$& _hm^m{Jm. Z_$& l{> AZw^wVr d g[. ^m{JUmam, ^m{JU{ d ^m{` h{ gd H$mhr Vy `m[b{ Amh{g. VyM l{>V_ AmZXmZw^d Amh{g, H$maU VwPr AZw^yVr K{Umam d{Jim CaVM Zmhr. OS>mMm MV`_` CJ_ d AmYma `m AWmZ{ [drbm e{fmMm d `$sbm go[UrMm (Hw$S>obZr e$sMr ) AmYma XmIdb{bm/doUb{bm AgVm{. hUyZ g[ m AWmZ{hr Vy _hm^m{J Amh{g. ghZ{ && 109 && 110. 434) _hmYZ$& _hmYZm` Z_$& OrdZmV gdm} mYm`mZ{ `mMr BN>m Yamdr Ag{ A`wm_ YZ AmoU doH$ E{`mMm gm_`g[ YZr Vy Amh{g. Vw`m oZH$Q>V{Z{ gma{ H$mhr _m`dmZ (Cm_ YZ ) hm{V{. VwP{ ^$ Ia{ YZr hm{VmV `m AWmZ{hr Vy _hmYZ Amh{g. Vw`m_wi{ OrdZmbm oZH$bH$, AmZX_` gm_`mM{ Zd{ _mobH$ [na_mU m hm{V{. doH$ d d`o$H$ (gdl{> E{`mbm ) `mM{ Ia{ _y`, _hd, m H$Z X{Um`m Vwbm AZ`^md{ Z_Z Agm{. AoZodU Wod>m{@ ^yY_`y[m{ _hm_I $& ZjZ{o_Zjr j_ jm_ g_rhZ $&& 435) AoZodU $& AoZodUm` Z_ $& oZamem Zgb{bm. H$m{UVrhr BN>m, AmH$mjm, Amg$s mZr ob Zg`mZ{ d oH$mbkmZr _hmg_mYrV Ag`mZ{ Vy [yUV Amh{g.Vw`m MrVrZ{ ^$hr Vw`m CXd{JaohV, d$`aohV d Zam`aohV ApVdmer VmXm` [mdVmV d oZH$m_ H$_`m{JmM{ CXmmV_ Xr[V^ ]ZVmV. Vwbm AZ`^md{ gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 436) Wod>$& Wod>m` Z_$& _m{R>m, AoVMS>. drO `m_mU{ gy_oVgy_ AgV{ AmoU AoVodembhr AgV{ `mM_mU{ A`w [mVirdarb H$mbmVrV ApVdm_i{ Vy H$[ZmVrV gy_ AmoU H$[ZmVrV _m{R>m (H$mimbmhr `m[Umam ) Amh{g. Vw`m AZmH$bZr` ApVdm`m MrVrZ{ `$sM{ eara, e$s, [MmU, _Z,]wr, oMm, AhH$ma, oH$`me$s, BN>me$s, kmZe$s g[yU[U{ Vw`mer oZJoS>V hm{VmV. VwP{ Ag{ ^$ hUO{ MmbV{-]m{bV{ ] hm{V. Aer `$s H$m{U`mhr gXm`m`m [JS>mZ{ AmoU gm{`m Owbw_mZ{ gH$m{M [mdV Zmhr. CbQ> A`m` g_mO`dWmMm, H$S>`m Y_ _ Vm M m, XS>[emhr g [ X m`m M m, amOgmm M m, odMmaemm M m, AmoU _wo$_mJmVrb Aem gd AS>W`mMm H$mbmZw[ d H$bm{oMV hmg Vr [mh eH$V{{ d `jmV AmUy eH$V{. Am_MrVrZ{ gd gHw$oMV Z> Pmb{br, MamMa Am[U Pmbm Aer Vr _hmZ `$s dod`mVrb VwP{ EH$m_ AVaJ OJmbm XmIdyZ Am_kmZr gohUwV{Mm Zdm A`m` _mZdr BoVhmgmV KS>dy eH$V{. gd H$ma`m Aodm_`, R>m{H$i{]mO AmMmaodMmam`m Om{IS>mVyZ _mZdmbm _w$ H$Z dY_gy`mM{ _hmkmZ d Vm` CXmm_` AmodH$ma odm_`{ KS>dy eH$V{. Am_gJrVm`m gwagmZ{ AoIb OrdZ ^aVmZmM gd V_m{JwUO` AodmO` ghZ{ && 110 && 111. H$S>d{[Um, H$Qw>Vm, XwamJh, qhVm _wimVyZ CISy>Z _mZdr OrdZ A`wH$Q> _mYw`mZ{ ^Z Q>mHy$ eH$V{. ^$mda Aer H$[ZmVrV H$[m H$aUm`m AV]m gd `m[Um`m Vwbm oZaVa Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 437) A^y$& A^wd{ Z_$& Z O_Umam. odm_`{ O{ O{ Amh{ V{ Vw`m[mgyZ C[ Pmb{b Amh{. [aVw Vy Hw$Um[mgyZhr C[ Pmbm Zmhrg. Vwbm C[Vr pWVr d b` m AdWm ZmhrV. Vy, AgU{ d ZgU{ `m`m[brH$S>{ H$m`_ AgVm{gM. Vw`m MrVr`m A^mdm_wi{ bm{H$ XwIm`m bmQ>mZr Pm{S>[b{ OmVmV, $a[Q>VmV d odhb hm{VmV. Aghm` hm{VmV. Vg{M gwIm`m mrZ{ Ah_` d _Xm{_V hm{D$Z qhV{Mm, d hrZV{Mm ZJmZmM H$aVmV. Aem [napWVrV H$m{UVmhr VH$gJV d H$`mUmMm C[X{e `mZm C[`m{Jr [S>V Zmhr.`mM X`[nadVZ hm{V Zmhr. [aVw gdH$mir gdH$mhr gdVm{[ar `m[Umam d oZ`oV H$aUmam Vy ododY H$ma{, d{Jd{`m gmYZmma{ d ^$mma{ `mZmhr Am_MrVr X{D$Z `mM{hr g[yU H$`mU gm` H$ eH$Vm{g. Zd{ `wJ oZ_mU H$ eH$Vm{g. Vwbm Z_ Um_ Agm{V. 438) Y_`y[$& Y_`y[m` Z_$& `km`m d{ir [eyZm ]mY`mMm Im], qH$dm Y_mMm O`V^, _mmamy m_mJrb gH{$V [ewdm`m `mJmMm Amh{. `k hUO{ gddmM{ Vwbm g_[U. `m_`{ W_V [ewdmr m _m{H$mQ> Z gwQ>Vm Vw`m d[mer oZJS>rV hm`m bmJVmV. [ewdmr Vw`mMaUr A[U H$aU{ _mmam`m ghm`mZ{ e` hm{V{. Vg{M Y_m`m O`mM{ X{Irb EH$ bjU C V^ (_oWVmW, VwPr MrVr ) Amh{. Vwbm gmXa Um_ Agm{V. 439) _hm_I$& _hm_Im` Z_$& gdm} `mJ, _hm`k. Vw`mer Vx[ hm{Umam (`k H$aUmam ) d{Jim amhmV Zmhr. `kmMm h{Vw, `k d `k H$aUmam h{ gd EH$[ hm{VmV. hUyZ Vy Am_m[U[r, AooX`[r, [odV_ `k Amh{g. ]V{Om{_` dmbm, kmZmMm YJYJVm H$me AmoU gd d`o$H$ Amem-AmH$mem d dmgZmMm go_Ym[r hod `mZr `w$ Agm oMaVZ _hm`k Vy Amh{g. Vwbm oZaVa oU[mV Agm{V. 440) ZjZ{o_$& ZjZ{_`{ Z_$& gd Zj_mbmMm (odm`m odVrU [gm`mMm ) d `m`m JVrMm [arK ghZ{ && 111 && 112. ([nagr_m) Vy Amh{g. H$maU Vy. h{ gd `m[Umam d oZ`oV H$aUmam Amh{g. A` Q>m oeew_maMH$ (gy`_mbm ) YmaU H$aUmam odmMm oZ`Vm d YmaUH$Vm d X{hmVrb fQ>MH$mMm oZ`Vm Vy Amh{g. Vwbm AZ`^md{ XS>dV Agm{V. 441) Zjr$& ZjoU{ Z_$& ZjmMm dm_r, erVbV{Mm H$maH$ Agm M. ^$mZm oodY Vm[mVyZ _w$s X{Umam. AmhmXXm`r AmoU OrdZmbm em{^m AmUUmam hUyZ Vwbm AbH$mnaH$ AWmZ{ Zjr hUU{ g`wo$H$ Amh{. Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. 442) j_$& j_m` Z_$& j_Vm d j_merbVm Agb{bm. gm`m odm`m aMZ{M{ d oZ`UmM{ H$m` A`mhV[U{ d AMwH$V{Z{ [ma [mS>Umam d H$mbmVrV >m Ag`mZ{ H$m{U`mhr Am[mrZr odhb Z hm{Umam d j_merb Agm Vy Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 443) jm_$& jm_m` Z_$& H$m{U`mhr Jm{>rMr H$Yrhr H$_VaVm Zgb{bm. mVrV d gdg_md{eH$ ApVdm_wi{ Vy odoZ_mVm, odoZ`Vm AmoU odm_H$hr Amh{g. `m_wi{ ododb`mZVaX{Irb Vy [na[yUM AgVm{g. `o$_dm`m [mVirda AkmZr d Xw]`m bm{H$m`m Amg$sMm H$maH$ AmoU kmZr bm{H$m`m kmZmMm hr H$maH$ VyM Amh{g. `m_wi{ hd{[Um d ZH$m{[Um, Amg$s d AZmg$s, ^yH$ Vr `m`m AVrV d [yUmdW{VM Vy AgVm{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 444) g_rhZ$& g_rhZm` Z_$& hUO{ _hmZ gH$[e$s Agb{bm. odm{[mr, pWVr, JVr d odb` `mM{ oZaVa[U{ oZ`U H$aUmam d gdmZm Am_kmZmMr JVr XmZ H$aUmam Agm VwPm doH$ gH$[ Amh{. ]mH$s gd gH$[ gHw$oMV, IwO{, AYdQ> qH$dm MwH$sM{ Amh{V. _m`m gd gH$[mgH$Q> _mP{ gdd Vw`mMaUr A[U Agm{. `k B`m{ _h{` H$Vw g gVmJoV$& gdXeu od_w$m_m gdkm{ kmZ_wm__$&& 445) `k$& `km` Z_$& `km{ d odUw$& `k hUO{ odUw. gd H$ma`m g`_mZ{ (dmr g_o[V H$Z ) AVjy`m d ghZ{ && 112 && 113. kmMjy`m H$memH$S>{ (Vw`mH$S>{ ) dmQ>Mmb H$aU hUO{ ]`k. gd H$mhr Vw`mMaUr A[U H{$`mda A[U H$aUmam, A[U H$a`mMr oH$`m d A[U H$$Z K{Umam gd EH$$[ `k$[ hm{VmV. hUyZ Vwbm `k hUVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 446) B`$& B`m` Z_$& `kmV AmdmhZ H$$Z hod A[U H$a`mg d gdVm{[ar [yOm H$a`mg `m{` Agm X{d Vy Amh{g. I`m `kmV dVM{ g[yU gHw$oMV ApVd `mbm A[U H$amd{ Agm [a_{a Vy Amh{g. Vw`m [m`er gd A[U H$a`m`m [a_g_mYmZr AdW{_`{ Vw`mMaUr bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 447) _h{`$& _h{`m` Z_$& [yOZr`. `m`m [m`mda gddmMm `mJ H$amdm Agm EH$_{dmoVr` dXZr` [a_{a Aem g_[UmVM OrdZmM gdm} gmWH$ Amh{. Vwbm AZV Um_ Agm{V. 448) H$Vw$& H$Vd{ Z_$& `kmV ]ir oXbm OmUmam [ew. Vwbm g_[U H{$b{ OmV{ V{ [ewdhr VwPmM Ae Amh{ d hr oH$`mX{Irb _ybV VyM Amh{g. H$maU `mMmhr CXJmVm VyM Amh{g.Aem CXmm `k gH$[mMm d `mJ^mdZ{Mm OZH$X{Irb VyM Amh{g. C, ZrM, CXmm d hrZ Aem gd ]m]VrV dgUm`m d `mM{ oZ`U H$aUm`m Vwbm H$Vk XS>dV Agm{V. AVaJmVrb Vw`m H$mem_wi{ dm`^md `{Vm{. dm` hUO{ dVMm AmoU Xwg`mMm Am_m EH$M Ag`mMr Imr. OJmVrb odf_V{Z{ Co hm{Um`mZr g_V{Mm H$$UmO` CXKm{f H{$bm. bmIm{ AZw`m`mZr Vm{ Am_gmV H{$bm. H$maU H$mht`m ^m]S>m, hi`m dVrbm `m_wi{ IV[mUr o_imb{ Va H$mht`m `o$JV dmWmbm. gmam Xm{f g_mO`dW{da T>H$b`m`m H$mht`m dVrbm Va A`m` g_mO`dWm dV V`ma H{$`m`m H$mht`m Jwh{Jmar ^mdZ{bm. g_V{M{ VdkmZ, g_V{Mm CXKm{f hm _ybV dmV`mMm d gw]m{Mm CXKm{f hm{Vm. [U `mMm AmpH$ma dJgKf, degKf AmoU dUgKf dJa{ [mV Pmbm. dVwV em{fUH$V} dJ, de AmoU dJ B`mXr hUO{ dmV`m`m AmoU gw]m{`m AmS> `{Umar `mXr hm{Vr d Amh{V. m gKfmVyZ dmW[m{fH$ [emMr a{bM{b `{D$ eH$V{, CXmaV{Vrb g_r Zmhr. bhar [yU H$a`mMr E{[V `{V{ [U d{S>m dm dmWu bhatZm bJm_ Kmb`mM dmV` Zmhr. g_V{gmR>rMm gKf EH$m _`mX{[`V CH$mVrbm [m{fH$ R>aVm{. [aVw [wT>{ Vm{M gKf Agy`m, ]{O]m]Xma[Um, ghZ{ && 113 && 114. {f, ohQ>{na`m, gyS>, nVaH$ma, E{VImD$[Um, _Jwar, gmmH$mjm, gHw$oMV (OmVr`, ^modH$, dmoeH$, Ymo_H$ B.) dmr `mZm [m{fH$ R>aVm{ d R>a{b. `mM_mU{ g_V{Mm h{H$m d g`mMm Im`m g[yU odg_mOm_`{ AZmJm|Xr, Jm|Yi, ]{oXbr, A`dWm _mOdUmam R>aVm{ d R>a{b. AWmV, `mMm AW odf_V{Mr H$mg Yamdr Agm _wirM Zh{. `mMm AW Agm H$s g_V{`m [wT>Mr [mVir JmRy>Z `m [m`arda H$m` H$aU{ AmO A`md`H$ Amh{. hr [wT>Mr [m`ar hUO{ dm`^md dm`^md. dm`^mdmMr `dhmamVrb H$mhr CXmhaU{ hUO{ AmB-_yb, Jm`-dmg, ]hrU-^mD$, Zdam-]m`H$m{ , AmOr-AmOm{ ] m-ZmVd S > , oejH$-odmWu, dJa|_Yrb Am_r`Vm. m ^mdZ{V g_V{Mm [e ZgVm{. JYhr ZgVm{. AmB-_wbJm g_mZ ZgVmV. [U EH$m_ AgVmV. H$Uder` d Jm{am h{ gmaI{ ZgVmV. [U _bV EH$m_ AgVmV. [a[am`m Am`mer Vx[ hm{U{ d Vx[Vm AZw^dU{ hUO{M dm_r`Vm. Vr [ydu hm{Vr d AmOhr Amh{. [U Vw`m H$[{Z{ Vr odH$`mUH$mar ^mdr hm{Bb `mMr Imr dmQ>V{. Vwbm Z_Z Agm{. 449) g & gm`$Z_$& gV m`V{ BoV g_$& hUO{ g`mMm odO` KS>dyZ AmUUmam. g`m`m OmoUd{`m AmoU `m OmnUd{VyZ H{$`m OmUm`m H$m`mMm H$Vm Ag`mZ{ `m H$m`mg `e[mVr XmZ H$aUmamhr VyM Amh{g. Vg{M H$_r oH$dm AoYH$ `dhmakmZ, H$[Zm, _{`{, ogmV dJ{a{_`{ Z AS>H$Vm Vx[ hm{Umam ^$ Vw`mM MrVr_`{ AmoU Vw`mM gH$[mV OJV Ag`mZ{ `mM{ H$m` odO`r ]ZdUmamhr VyM Amh{g. Vw`m ^$mZm Vw`moedm` Vw`m^o$oedm` A` H$mhrhr ZH$m{ AgV{ AmoU hUyZ V{ [yUmWmZ{ AmoU gXmgdXm (^$r[ydu, ^$r H$aVmZm,^$sZVa) H{$di Vw`m ^$sMrM Amg R>{dVmV d Vw`m bm{H$H$`mUH$mar gH$[mV (g` d odO`r hm{Um`m gH$[mV) OJVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 450) gVm JoV$& gVm JV`{ Z_$& JVr hUO{ AmdS>, H$me`, d{J d AoV_ pWVr. Vw`m ^$sZ{ (AmdS>rZ{) AodaV[U{, gmdY d ehmU[UmZ{ _Z Vw`mV EH$mJ H$$Z (Hw$ebV{Z{) jU^ahr Z odg]Vm (d{JmZ{) Vw`m mrgmR>r O{ YS>[S>VmV V{ VwbmM `{D$Z o_iVmV (AoV_ pWVr). hUyZ Vwbm JVr hUVmV. Vg{M ^${_mZ{ (AmdS>rZ{), Aearar gmdY[U{ (Hw$ebV{Z{) odoH$`m d `o$oH$`m MmbdUmam, (H$mbmVrV d{JmZ{) H$m`aV AgUmam, ^$mZm d$[r H$m`_Mr odlmVr X{Umam (AoV_ pWVr) VyM Amh{g. odkmZ, kmZ AmoU VdkmZ, gJrV, H$bm d ZmQ>, Vg{M AmMma, `dhma d ghZ{ && 114 && 115. gH$Vr `m`m d{JdmZ Ao^gaUm_wi{ `{Um`m H$mimV VwPr mr gdmZm hm{D$ eH$V{. I`m dmV` d g_rMm doH$ AmodH$ma hm{D$ eH$Vm{. Vwbm odZ_ dXZ Agm{. 451) gdXeu$& gdXoeZ{ Z_$& gd [mhUmam. g[yU MamMam`m AV]m gd AgyZ gd gd{XZm, OmnUdm, kmZ, H$Vr `mMm kmVm, oZ_mVm, oZ`Vm d >m. AkmZ, Aodm, _m`{Z{ ob Zgb{`m Aearar >rZ{ d H$mbmVrV ApVdmZ{ oH$mbrkmZrhr Vy Amh{g. `mM_mU{ ^$mZm `m`m X`mV`m_r d gd MamMamV A`V [>[U{ oXgUmam hr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _Zm{^md{ Z_Z Agm{. 452)od_w$m_m$& od_w$m_Z{ Z_ $& g[yU odm`m H$ma^mamMm oZ`Vm AgyZhr A`V Aob AgUmam, MamMamM{ AV]m `m[Umam, kmZr OZmZm [>[U{ OmUdUmam, d`^y, dV Am_m Vy Amh{g. Vg{M H$_`m{J, ^o$`m{J, kmZ`m{J, amO`m{J B.ododY _mJmZr gHw$oMV ApVd g[b{b{ ^$l{> d `m{Jr _w$m_{X{Irb VwM Amh{g. Vwbm AmXa [ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. 453) gdk$& gdkm` Z_$& gd OmUUmam. gd, aO AmoU V_m{JwUr kmZ Aod{bm H$maUr^yV hm{V{.Vy JwUmVrV Ag`mZ{ `jmZw^yVrZ{ EH$d OmUUmam, AZw^dUmam d Agb{bm [yUkmZr Amh{g. Vg{M H$m[oZH$ E{H$sd [mohb{b{, AZw^db{b{ d EH$m_V{Z{ OJb{b{ Aem kmZm`m MT>`m l{Ur`m AVrV VwP{ Aearar kmZ Ag`mZ{hr Vy _hmkmZr Amh{g. I`m kmZr Aem `m Vwbm _mP{ gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 454) kmZ_wm__$& kmZm` Cm_m` Z_$& kmZ_wm_m` Z_$& doH$ EH$m_V{M _hmg{Vy$[, _hmeo$$[, _hmH|$[ `j kmZ hUO{ VyM. H$maU g`kmZm_`{ kmZr AmoU kmVm d{Ji{ amhV ZmhrV. V_m{JwUr kmZm_`{ A`V gHw$oMV, VwQ>[w`m d Imb`m [mVirdarb _mohVrbm g` g_O`mMr J$bV AgyZ `m J$bVrMm h{H$m d XwamJh AgVm{. aOm{JwUr kmZm_`{ dod`mMr XIb K{Vb{br AgV{ [U `m ododYV{VyZ `m{` oZH$f AmoU ]m{Y C[ hm{V ZgVm{. AmoU gmpdH$ kmZmVyZ g[yU odmM{ B`^yV kmZ AgyZ `mVyZ EH$dmMm [> d ew oZH$f H$mT>b{bm AgVm{. [aVw `m oVhr kmZH$mamV kmZ d kmVm `mM{ ghZ{ && 115 && 116. o^d H$_r-AoYH$ _mUmV A]moYV amhV{. JwUmVrV ]Zb{`m gddmMm hm{_ H{$b{`m ^$mbm O{hm VwP{ kmZ hm{V{ V{hm Vy d ^$ (od^$ Z amohb{bm Vm{ ^$) o^ amhV Zmhr hUyZ `mbm Pmb{b{ V{ kmZ VwM Amh{g. doH$ EH$m_Vm dV`m X`mV [> OmUdU{ hUO{ dm_r`Vm hUO{M X`mV hm{Umam VwPm AodH$ma. `mM_mU{ Aearar AmoU H$mbmVrV d JwUmVrV Agb{bm Vy dV kmZr AmoU OmU`mg gdm}m_ Agm kmZ_` AgVm{g, hUyZM Vwbm kmZ_wm__ (Cm_mV Cm_ kmZ) hUVmV. Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. gwdV gw_wI gy_ gwKm{f gwIX gwV$& _Zm{ham{ oOVH$m{Ym{ dra]mhodXmaU$&& 455) gwdV$& gwdVm` Z_$& odgH$[r AodaV[U{ H$m`aV amh`mM{ oZaVZ Cm_ dV AmMaUmam AmoU ^$mbmhr Aer [a_CH$Q>, H$`mUH$mar AdWm XmZ H$aUmam. Vwbm ^md[yU Z_Z Agm{. 456) gw_wI& gw_wIm` Z_$& Cm_ _wI Agb{bm. Vg{M gw_wI hUO{M JU{e, oed, AmMm`, AZwHy b, g{$X Vwier B`mXr. gd gJwU $[mV VwP{ _wI A`V _Zm{a_ AgV{. H$maU ^$mM{ Am_$[ Agm VyM, `mZm `m`m Amam`XdVm`m gwXa gJwU_$[mV XeZ X{V AgVm{g. Vg{M m gJwU _wImVyZ H$Yr `em{Xm_mV{bm ]mS>mM{ XeZ Pmb{. Va H$Yr ^$mZm JrVm-kmZ{ar AmXr ]od{M{ A_Vdmh o_imb{. m Vw`m gwXa _wIm`m oZoX`mgmZ{ d ^$rZ{ Vw`m oZJwU oZamH$ma [mMr MrVrhr `{V{ AmoU oZJwU _wImVyZ AZmhV dZr`m dmQ>{ qH$dm [amdmUr`m ma{ Vy ^$X`{ Am_kmZmZ{ ^$Z Q>mH$Vm{g mMr MrVrhr `{V{. Vw`m ^$mMr OrdZ{ AmoU _wI{hr Vw`m JwUJmadm`m mgmoXH$ gnaV{Z{ ^Z dmh bmJVmV AmoU AbmobH$ V{OmZ{ Vi[yZ CR>VmV. Vw`m AZwgYmZmV Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 457) gy_:$& gy_m` Z_:$& gdJV_ gy__$& gdmV`m_r naKy eH$Uma{ V{ Ia{ gy_V_. MamMam`m Zh{ Va KQ>Zm`m d H$mim`mhr AV`m_r naKUma{ H$mbmVrV ],odmM{ ]rO$[ oH$dm qbJeara, gmjmV [a] oed h{ gma{ VyM Amh{g.hUyZM [na_mUmVrV Aem Vwbm gy _ hUVmV. `mM_wi{ Vy gd [mhVm{g [U Vwbm Hw$Urhr [mhV ZmhrV. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 116 && 117. 458) gwKm{f$& gwKm{fm` Z_$& [od dZr, lrH$UmMm eI AmoU odm{[mr`m d{i{Mm Am|H$ma Amh{g, ]od{Mm hH$ma Amh{g d ^$X`mbm OmUdUmam [amdmUrMm _Ywa ZmXhr Amh{g. Vg{M ^$m`mma{ g[yUod Am_gJrVmZ{ AmoU `mVyZ oZ_mU hm{Um`m AdrQ> Jm{S>r`m X`J_ `dhmamZ{ ^$Z Q>mH$Umamhr Amh{g. Vwbm ^n$[yU dXZ Agm{. 459) gwIX$& gwIXm` Z_$& gwI X{Umam d gwI Z> H$aUmam. X{h]wr Z> H$aUmam d hUyZ X{h]wr_wi{ C[ hm{Umar XwI{ Z> H$aUmam hUyZ Vwbm gwI X{Umam hUVmV. [aVw X{h]wr d Aod{VyZ C[ hm{Um`m jU^Jwa, Za,gHw$oMV, jw d [m{aH$Q> gwIm_Yrb dma`M Z> H$aUmam hUyZ Vwbm gwI Zmhrg{ H$aUmam Ag{hr hUVmV. m Xm{ht ]m]r AJXr g` Amh{V; H$maU Vw Vw`m mVrb ApVdm`m oMVrZ{ AodZmer AmZX AmoU oMaVZ gwI X{Vm{g AmoU X{h]wrMm Zme H$$Z X{h]wrma{ o_iUma{ joUH$ gwI (d gwI{N>m) Z> H$aVm{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 460) gwV$& gwX{ Z_$& gdmV`mo_ oMaVZ AgUmam odgZr` Agm EH$_{d AMb AmnU AT>i AmYma gIm Vy Amh{g. `mM_mU{ gdVm{[ar BVam`m H$`mUmgmR>r PQ>Uma{ VwP{ ^$hr oZH$[Q> ew Ag{ Ia{ gwV Amh{V. Vwbm ^md[yU Um_ Agm{V. 461)_Zm{ha$& _Zm{ham` Z_$& gwXa, AmH$fH$ AmoU _ZmM{ haU H$aUmam. Vw`m AmZX_` oMVrma{ ^$mMr X{h]wr,AhH$ma, d gHw$oMV Ag{ _Z Vy AmH$fyZ K{Vm{g dV_`{ odobZ H$aVm{g. A` Q>m Vw`m oZ[h ^$mgmR>r EH$_{d qMVZr` AmoU dXZr` dVy d _Zm{ha Aer AmH$fUmMr ]m] hUO{ Vy Amh{g. Vwbm g_[UdmrZ{ dXZ Agm{. 462) oOVH$m{Y$& oOVH$m{Ym` Z_$& H$m{Y qOH$b{bm. Vy fS>na[w`m AVrV Amh{gM. [aVw VwP{ ^$X{Irb Vw`mer Vx[ Pm`mZ{ hUO{M Vw`m ^o$agmV ]wSy>Z J{`mZ{ d oZJwU oZamH$ma [a]_` Pm`mZ{ fS>na[w`m AVrV AgVmV. H$m{YmXr odH$ma `mZm [mird [ew_mU{ de Pmb{b{ AgVmV.Am_kmZm_wi{, Aodm d AkmZO` AhH$ma, gHw$oMV[Um, AgwaojVVm, ^rVr, _m{h,Amg$s, Amem, oZamem, XwI, _ga,{f, H$m{Y d Vm` qhg{`m V{ AYrZ hm{V ZmhrV. Aodm d _m{hO` Xw>MH$m[mgyZ [yUV`m dV ghZ{ && 117 && 118. Aem Vwbm ^md[yU Z_H$ma Agm{V. 463) ]ra]mh$& ]ra]mhd{ Z_$& `mM{ Aearar ]mhw odoZ`V{ AZV AodH$mar AmoU A`V gm_`dmZ Amh{V Agm.Vw`m[m`r _mP{ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 464) odXmaU$& odXmam`U Z_$& $mS>U{, Zme H$aU{ (Aem Zme H$aUmam). H$[mVm`m d{ir odmM{ AVaJhr $mSy>Z V{ dV_`{ odbrZ H$aUmam AmoU oha`H$`[y_mU{ X{h]wr_wi{ _XmY Pmb{`mM{ AkmZ AmoU gHw$oMV ApVd g[dUmam Ag`mZ{ Vwbm odXmaU Ag{ hUVmV. Vwbm oZaVZ Z_Z Agm{. dm[Zddem{{ `m[r ZH$m_m ZH$H$_H$V$& dgam{ dgbm{ dgr aZJ^m} YZ{a$&& 465) dm[Z$& dm[Zm` Z_$& Pm{[ AmUUmam. dV odm_H$ hm{Umam AmoU dVM AZV gOrd-oZOud $[m_`{ Aodm _m`{`m X{h]wr[r Z{Urd{V (Pm{[{V) OJUmam. [aVy d{J`m pQ>Z{, ^$mbm Am_kmZ X{Umam d `mma{ X{h]wrO` gd{XZj_Vm d odH$madeVm, AdWVm ]{MZr, `m`m[mgyZ _w$ H$$Z `m{JoZm d `m{Jg_moY (gd gmgmnaH$ b{emZm MwH$sMm oVgmX Z X{`mMr j_Vm d AdWm) m H$$Z X{Umam. Vw`m odf`r`m OmJVrV d A` gd ]m]rodf`t`m gwfwrV _mP{ Vwbm AIS> Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 466) dde$& ddem` Z_$& Aearar AmoU H$mbmVrV Agm Vy H$m{U`mhr ]m]r`m AoH$V dm AYrZ hm{V Zmmhrg hUyZ Vwbm dde hUO{ H{$di dVH$adrM dVbmM de Pmb{bm Ag{ hUVmV. gma{ od hUO{ VwPr OUw Bo`{M Ag`mZ{ AmoU Vy (H$m`_ Am_kmZVM _ Ag`mZ{ ) m doH$ Bo`mZr H$YrM ^mdrV hm{V ZmhrV. Vg{M oZ[h gwaojV AmoU odemb _Zm{dmr_wi{ jw dmWmgmR>r Hw$Umbmhr de (^>) hm{V ZmhrV. Vwbm AVH$aU[ydH$ H$Vk oU[mV Agm{V. 467) `m[r $& `mo[Z{ Z_& od, H$mi d OmoUd{`m gd [mV`m `m[Umam, oZ`oV H$aUmam hUyZ ghZ{ && 118 && 119. `m[r. Vw`m qMVZmZ{ ^$hr OUw MamMa hm{Vm{, `mMr X>r AmnU gH$[ AMyH$ AmoU odH$`mUH$mar ]ZVmV, qH$]hZm _yR>^a _|XyV AmH$me gm_mdV AmoU gHw$oMV `o$dmmm dmW Z> hm{Vm{. ^$m`m jw OrdZmMr BoVlr hm{V{ AmoU Vm{ Ba_` oMaVZ [a_mZXmMm Pam ]ZVm{. Vw`m AZwgYmZmV Vwbm eVe XS>dV Agm{V. 468) ZH$m_m$& ZH$m_Z{ Z_$& dV EH$ AgyZ ododY H$ma`m $[mV (AZ{H$dmZ{) gmH$ma hm{Umam d ^$, `m{Jr, AdVmam`m $[mVhr AdVaUmam (hUyZ AZ{H$ Am_{ AgUmam). `mM_mU{ MamMa, H$mi AmoU OmoUd{`m gd [mV`mdarb AZ{H$odY AmodH$mamMm d `m{Jr, AdVmar od^yVrMm EH$_{d ewV_ Am_m Vy Amh{g. Vwbm ^o$[ydH$ Z_Z Agm{. 469) ZH$H$_H$V & ZH$H$_H$V{ Z_ & AZ{H$ H$ma{, AZ{H$ AdYmZmZr AZ{H$ H$Vr H$aUmam. odm{[Vr, odmMm dod`[yU odVma, odmMr `dWm, odH$mg, gJm{[Z, odmMm odb` Aer AZ{H$ H$m`{ AodaV[U{ H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. `$sH$Sy>Zhr ododYV{{Z{ [yU Aer H$m`} H$adyZ K{Umam y$oVXmVm d Iam H$Vm VyM Amh{g. Vw`m _aUmZ{ odgH$[mMr MS> g{{dm ^$m`m hmVyZ Vw`m H$[{_wi{ KS>V{. V_m{JwUmMm Zme H$aUm`m d AI{a JwUmVrV Am_MrVr X{Um`m Vw`m _aUmV Vwbm AZ`^md{ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 470) dga& dgam` Z_& Bar [m^y_r, AmYma WmZ. dg hUO{ [drMm gy`m^m{dVr`m [na^_UmMm H$mi. Vy H$mimbmhr `m[Umam Ag`mZ{ `m gd JVtMm oZ`Vm Amh{g. `mM_mU{ gJwU $[mV Jd`mZm `mMr dmga{ ew[mgyZ X{Umam `mMm X{d Amh{g. H$U Amh{g. `m` o_idyZ X{Umam .`m` o_idyZ X{Umam Amh{g. Vwbm AVH$aU[ydH$ dXZ Agm{. 471) dgb$& dgbm` Z_ & dmg`[yU, {_i, H$[miy. gm`m odmMm d `$sMm CJ_ Vw`mVyZ Pm`mZ{ Vy n[Vm d _mVm Amh{g. gdmV`m_r Ag`mZ{, gdmZm OmUUmam Ag`mZ{ d Aod{VyZ oMaVZ goXmZXmH$S>{ Z{Umam Ag`mZ{ gdmoYH$ d H$[ZmVrV H$Zdmiy Jw d gIm Amh{g. MV`Xm`r A_VmZ{ ^$X`{ g_ H$aUmam, `mMr OrdZ{ ghZ{ && 119 && 120. gm_`dmZ H$aUmam d ^mdr[U{ `mM{ gJm{[Z H$aUmam hUyZ {_i [mbZH$Vmhr Amh{g. Vwbm H$Vk[ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. 472) dgr & dpgZ{ Z_$& dgr hUO{ o[Vm d dgr hUO{ JmB`m dgmM{ [mbZ H$aUmam H$U. odmMm o[Vm Vy >Amh{g. Vg{M gJyU [mV JmB`m dmgamM{ ajU H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. Jm` H{$di [MJ` X{Umar _Zw` OrdZmbm A`V C[`w$ [ew hUyZ Zh{ Va Am`mp_H$ OmdZmbm [m{fH$ hUyZ oVbm _hd Amh{. Jm`tM{ gmoZ` H{$di Ordemr` g_Vm{bmgmR>r Zh{ Va J`t`m gmndH$ dmrgmR>r d Vm` gdJwUm`m ^mdmgmR>r _hdmM{ Agmd{ Aer OmUrd AoU ^mdZmX{Irb ghOrdZm`m CmwJ AmXemMm EH$ ^mJ Amh{. Jm` hr V{hVrg H$m{Q>r X{dmM{ WmZ Amh{ `mMm AW Jm` hr ]wooZa[{j Am_kmZmM{ oZYmZ d emarnaH$ AmYmaWmZ Agm Amh{, _mZdmbmhr oV`m ghdmgmZ{ Am_kmZmMm _mJ gwH$a hm{V Ag`mZ{M [MJ`mbm EdT>{ _hd Agb{ [mohO{ AmoU >{ [wf Jm{h`{`m odam{YmV d Jm{gdYZmV AJ{ga Agb{ [mohO{V. Jm`rMm ajUH$Vm d [mbZH$Vm H$U, h{ VwP{ gJwU [ mV_aUr` Amh{. Vwbm AmXa[ydH$ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 473) aZJ^& aZJ^m` Z_& Hw$]{a (E{`dmZ) d g_w (aZmMm IoOZm), g[yU doH$ E{`mMm YZr (hUyZ Hw$]{a) AmoU doH$ E{`mMr _hmZ aZ{ gm_mdUmam H$mbmVrV _hm{XYr(hUyZ g_w) Vy Amh{g. `moedm` ^$X`{ Am_kmZ`m AVwbZr` AodZmer E{`mZ{ ^aUmam hUyZhr Vy E{`dmZ (Hw$]{a) d XmVddmZ (H$[{Mm _hmgmJa) Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 474) YZ{a& YZ{am` Z_ gm`m MamMa odmMm d H$mbMH$mMm dm_r, Vg{M goXmZX Am_kmZr hUyZhr Vy AodZmer d l{>V_ d^dmMm YZr Amh{g. Vw`m ^$mZm h{ oMaVZ d^d m hm{V{ d A` H$m{UVrhr BN>m `mZm CaV Zmhr (`mMH$Vm, H$_VaVm, AmJoVH$Vm amhV Zmhr) hUyZhr Vy YZ{a Amh{g. Vw`m mr`m EH$_{d BN>{V _VH$ gXm Vw`m [m`da amhm{. Y_JwY_H$_u gXgja_ja_ & AodkmVm ghmewodYmVm H$VbjU&& ghZ{ && 120 && 121. 475) Y_Jw[ & Y_Jw[{ Z_& Y_mMm ajUH$Vm. Am_kmZmoYo>V gZmVZ Y_mMr ^$mZm OmJVr X{Umam d Vr odH$grV H$aUmam AmoU `m`m{J{ I`m odY_mM{ ajU H$aUmam VyM Amh{. VyM ^$X`m_`{ Am_gmjmH$mamMr A_a `m{V [{Q>dyZ AoV_mZdr oV^m, odbjU KQ>Zm, CXmmV_ Mmna`, bm{H$m{ma JwU, ^md B`mXr ododY _mJmZr odY_mM{ ajU H$aVm{g. gd H$ma`m X{h]wrO` Aod{VyZ oZ_mU hm{_m`m AZmdW{VyZ VyM odgH$VrM{ gdm} AoY>mZ UO{M Am_MrVr ^$mV`m_r OmJr H$aVm{g. Vr g_ H$aVm{, AmodH$V H$aVm{g d Aem Vh{Z{ odY_mM{ (H$S>`m, AoVa{H$r, gHw$oMV AmoU gmM{]X qh d KmVH$ gm[Xmo`H$V{[mgyZ d CWi C[`w$VmdmX AmoU [medr damMmam[mgyZ) gajU H$aVm{g. Vw`mM H$[{Z{ H$iV{ H$s, ZmZ H$$Z _ZmMr AmoU earamMr eyoM^yVVm [m{Wr, gH$sVZ, H$sVZ, [wamU, Z_mO B`mXr H$aVmZm Amd`H$ AgV{. `mM{ H$maU ]{[dmB, Amig, gHw$oMV[Um, AgohUwVm B`mXtda _mV H$$Z dVer A`V m_moUH$ amh`mgmR>r gdgmYmaU[U{ ]hV{H$mZm `m C[MmamMr JaO AgV{. Xm$ o[D$Z, Mag Am{Ty>Z qH$dm Z{h_r`m ]{o$H$sa, ]{[dm, ]{O]m]Xma, ]{XaH$ma qH$dm CN>Ib d Q>dmiIm{a dmr_`{ AgVmZm gdgm_m` _mUyg AVam`mer m_moUH$ amhy eH$V Zmhr. BamMr [yOm H$m{U`mhr Y_mVbr Agm{ oV`m_`{ AV^yV Agb{`m eyoM^yVV{M{ __ h{ Ag{ Amh{. `mM_mU{ Vw`mM H$[{Z{ `{Um`m g`m`m MrVrZ{ odmVrb gm[{j g`mMr ZrQ> H$[Zm `{V{ AmoU `{H$ KQ>Zm, `$s dm dVybm `m{` _hd X{`mMm odd{H$ gmYVm{.gdm} [mYm` H$embm m`M H$iy bmJV{. ododY gXm`mH$S>{ [mhVmZm `m ]m]r g_O`m Va X{dKa, [yOmWmZ{, [yOm[mR>, ^$s, ^OZ-H$sVZ, Zm_gmh `m_mJrb __ AmoU g]oYVm`m I`mIw`m ^mdZm OmUdy eH$Vrb. g`mMr YmaUm Aem [H$ma{ jwH$ `$s`mhr Amdm`mV AmUUm`m _wJrbm gy` oJi`mMr j_Vm X{Um`m d hUyZ Y_mM{ gdVm{[ar ajU H$aUm`m Vwbm oZaVa XS>dV Agm{V. 476) Y_H$V & Y_H$V{ Z_$& Y_mMaU H$aUmam. MamMam`m JwUY_mVyZ `$ hm{Uma{ `dhma hr VwPrM [{ AgyZ AodaV[U{ [miVm{g. _mZdr g_mOmV ododY AdVma, gV, _hm_{, `m{Jr,dra `m`m $[mV VyM AdVaVm{g. Vg{M bm{H$m{ma kmZ, e$s d `w$s`m ghm`mZ{ ""Am_Zm{ _m{jW OJV ohVm`M,'' ""dgwYdHw$Qw>]H$_'' Aer odembV_ >r ghZ{ && 121 && 122. X{Umam kmZ`w$ odY_ AmMaUmV AmUyZ XmIdVm{g. Vwbm AIS> d A`mhV Z_Z Agm{. 477) Y_u$& Yo_U{ Z_$& Y_mMm AmYma. gma{ `dhma, VXVJV oZ`_ (Y_) AmoU `o$OrdZmVrb BN>me$s, oH $ `me$s d kmZe$s, B`mXt`m gw ` m{ ` d H$`mUH$mar AmodH$mamMm (Y_mMm) AmYma (Am_kmZ hUO{M VwP{ kmZ, VwPr MrVr hUO{M Vy) Vy Amh{g. de{>{, Y_{Q>{, AmpVH$, ZmpVH$, ododY [yOm[Vr _mZUma{, Adb]Uma{ _V_VmVa ^aH$Q>b{b{ dJa{ gdmZm CXmm odgH$Vr`m Jm`mH$S>{ Z{Umam AoU Am_MrVrVyZ `{Umar oZ[hVm, odemb CXmm >r, CXma gohUwVm, I]raVm AoU odm_H$V{Mr AZw^yVr AZ Vm` AmMaU `m`mma{ ^$_ d oMaVZ AmYma X{Umam VyM Amh{g.Vwbm neagm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 478) gV$& gV{ Z_$& H$mbmVrV d H$Yrhr Z ]XUma{{ emdV Vd. gm_`Xm`r, gdgmmYmre AmoU emdV Aem Vw`m _aUmV Vwbm oeagm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 479) AgV$& AgV{ Z_$& O{ _`moXV, jU^Jwa, ]XbV{ Amh{ qH$dm O{ gV Zmhr V{. Vy emV g` Amh{g `mM_mU{ AemV jU^Jwa Ag{ AgV X{Irb Amh{g `mMm AW Vy AgU{, ]XbU{, ZgU{ `m gd gH$[ZmVyZ OmUdUm`m ApVdm`m AVrV gd `m[r ApVd Agb{bm Amh{g. gd ZmoedV ]m]rZm VwPr brbm hQ>b{ OmV{. odmM{ gd ]XbV{ d MMb Ag{ gmX` AmoU odbm{^Zr` [ hr VwPr brbm, VwPr _m`m, VwP{ oVq]] Amh{ AmoU `mM{ kmZ (Aodm ) h{ X{Irb VwPrM brbm Amh{. ^$OZ `m brb{H$S>{ [yU[U{ XJ hm{D$Z [mhVmV. [U Vr VwPr brbm Amh{ VwPmM [by Amh{, m AmR>dUrZ{ V{ Vw`mV g_ag hm{VmV. Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. 480) ja_$& jam` Z_$& Zme hm{Umam, [mVnaV hm{Umam. H$m{UVrhr dVy H$Yrhr Zme [mdV{ hUO{ dmVodH$ pW`VnaV hm{V{. hUyZ pW`VamZVa AoU C[mr[ydu `m dVyM{ ApVd AgV{{M. AWmV h{ C[mr[yduM{ ApVd, C[mrZVaM{ ApVd AIS> Amh{ Vg{M Zme m emZ{ CKS> hm{Um`m m ApVdmbm AmoU `m pW`VamZm AV]m `m[Uma{ d oZ`oV H$aUma{ Vdhr Vw`m[mgyZ o^ ZgyZ VyM Amh{g. ghZ{ && 122 && 123. AemVh{Z{ Zmemer AVyQ>V{Z{ oZJoS>V Ag`mZ{ Vwbm ja_ hUVmV. OrdZmVrb gd H$ma`m gJmV, gd oR>H$mUr, gd [napWVrV, gH$Q>mV, AmZXmV, EH$dmZ{ AIS>V{Z{ d oZ``m ^yo_H{$V Vy oZJoS>V AgVm{g d m OmoUd{Z{ ^$mZm gd [naoWVrV AmZXmV R>{dVm{g. Vw`m _aUmV OrdZ d _aU m hm{dm{. Vw`m MaUmda A`mhV[U{ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 481) Aja_$& Ajam` Z_$& ApVdmM{ ododY Va ndodY H$ma{ Wi d H$mi `m[VmV. Vy gOrd d oZOudm`m ApVdmMm Agm Va Amh{g Om{ `mM{ ApVd, ApVdmer oZJoS>V KQ>Zm, `m KQ>Zm_Yrb g]Y, KQ>ZmZm `m[Umam H$mi, H$mimbm `m[Uma{ OmoUdmM{ Va m gdmZm AV]m `m[Vm{g d AZV H$mi[`V oZ`oV H$arV amhVm{g. `m_wi{ Vwbm Aja_ Ag{ hUVmV. ja_ d Aja_ Ag{ Xm{hr EH$mM d{ir AIS>V{Z{ AgUm`m Vwbm oZaVa [Um_ Agm{V. 482) AodkmVm$& Aodkm{ Z_$& Z OmUUmam. EH$m [mVirda kmZ d kmV H$$Z K{`mMr dVy `mZm d{Ji{[UmZ{ OmUyZ dJdmar H$aVm `{V{ AmoU `mZwgma kmZr d AkmZr Aer dJdmar H$aVm `{V{. [aVw C [mVirda kmVm, kmZ d kmV H$$Z `m`Mr dVy o^ amhV ZmhrV. VwP{ ApVd gdm} [Virdarb Ag`mZ{ Vwbm kmZ, kmV H$$Z `md`mMr dVy qH$dm kmV Aem H$m{U`mM dJdmarV ]gdVm `{V Zmhr. Vw`m ^$mZmhr g`mZw^yVr (VwP{ XeZ) hm{VmM V{ Vx[ hm{VmV d `mMm kmV{[Um oeH$ CaV Zmhr. V{ AhH$ma_w$ kmZ_` d kmV hm{`mMr dVyX{Irb hm{D$Z amhVmV. Vw`mMaUr _mP{ gdd A[U Agm{. 483) ghmew$& ghmed{ Z_$& hOmam{ oH$aU AgUmam. gma{ od, OrdZ, e$s d MV`mZ{ ^aUmam gy`, AmoU ^$X`{ A_a kmZmZ{ ^aUmam kmZgy` Vy Amh{g. Vw`m ^$mMr X`{hr Vw`m MrVrZ{ Am_kmZmM{ gy` ]ZVmV. CXmm OrdZmM{ _i{ w$bdVmVm Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 484) odYmVm$& odYm{ Z_$& odmMm AmYma. odmMm oZ_mVm, odH$gZH$Vm d oZ`Vm Ag`mZ{ Vwbm odYmVm(odmMm _ybmYma) hUVmV. [ma[mnaH$ AWmZ{ AmR> oXemZr [drMr JVr odYmVm ghZ{ && 123 && 124. d pWVr oZnV H$aUma{ oXJO hUO{ hmr(E{ a mdV-[y d , [w S >arH$-[y d XojU(Am{`), dm_Z-XojU, Hw$_wX-XojU [o_(ZF$`), AOZ-[pM_, [w[XV-[pM_m{ma (dm``), gmd^m_-Cma, gwJoVH$ Cma [yd (Bem`), AmoU [drbm AmYma X{Umam e{f hr VwPr [{ Amh{V H$maU h{ gma{ (mMrZ ^maVr` IJm{bemr` V[erb H$mhrhr Agbm Var) odmVrb pWVr-JVrM{ oZ`V{ `m AWmZ{M doUb{ OmVmV. d`o$H$ [mVirda ApVdmMm d [amOmoUd{Mm AmYma VyM Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 485) H$VbjU& H$VbjUm` Z_$& [ma[naH$ XQ>m _hfu ^Jw`m [m`M{ oMh N>mVrda Agb{bm. [U A` Q>m odmMr gd bjU{ oZo_Umam AmoU `mM_mU{ dV d^d, gm_` kmZ B`mXr gdm}m_ bjUmZr `w$ hUyZ Vwbm H$VbjU hUVmV. Am_d[mMr bjU{ [amdmUrVyZ doUbr J{`mZ{ `mMm oZ_mVmhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. J^pVZ{o_ gdW nghm{ ^yV_h{a$& AmoXX{dm{ _hmX{dm{ X{d{em{ X{d^XJw$&& 486) J^pVZ{o_$& J^pVZ{o_Z{ Z_$& oH$aUmM{ H|$. gm`m odmbm OrdZ X{Umam, Am_kmZmMm _mJ XmIdUmam gy`Zmam`U Vy Amh{g. Vg{M `$s`m AV`m_r emV g`[mZ{ OmUdUmam Am_MrVrMm H$me Am_kmZgy`hr VyM Amh{g. `m{`mZm AZw^dmg `{Um`m, fQ>MH$ ^{XZ Hw$S>obZr OmJVr d oede$sM{ _rbZ (Am_gmjmH$ma ) `mMmhr H$Vm Vy Amh{g. Vwbm AmXa[ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. 487) gdW$& gdWm` Z_$& emV g`[mZ{ gdm^yVr amhUmam. A`>rZ{, gdJwUr bm{H$ h{ AoYH$ CH$mV Ag`mZ{ `m`m OmoUd{`m Vy oZH$Q> AgVm{g, `mZm OmUdVm{g hUyZ gdJwUr amhUmam Agmhr AW g`wo$H$ R>aVm{. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 488) qgh&qghm` Z_$& AkmZ d fS>na[wMm $S>em [mS>Umam `o$dmVJV qgh Vy Amh{g, [ma[naH$Q>m qgh hUO{ VwPm Zaqgh AmdVma. `mMmhr _oWVmW gHw$oMV[Um d AkmZ_ybH$ Y_{f. AkmZ_ybH$ Ah_`Vm d _mO AmoU [medr dmgZmMm Zme H$aUmam ghZ{ && 124 && 125. AgmM hm{Vm{. AmO OJm_`{ H$m{U`mhr Y_m_`{, am>m_`{, odMmaUmbr_`{ qH$dm g_mO`W{_`{ AmoU OrdZm`m H$m{U`mhr j{mH$S>{ [mohb{ Va EH$ ]m] R>iH$[U{ OmUdV{. Vr hUO{ AmOMm `dhma emarnaH$, AmoWH$, gm_moOH$, gmH$oVH$, ejoUH$, ]mrH$ Aem ododY H$ma`m VwbZ{da AmYmab{bm Amh{. `{H$ gOrd dm oZOud ApVdmbm EH$m Img H$maU[a[a{Mr [m^y_r AgV{ AmoU V{ ApVd gdVm{[ar dV d EH$_{dmoVr` AgV{. `m ]m]tH$S>{ Xwbj Pm`m_wi{ dV`m doeQ>m]b, Hw$dVr]b [wa{er OmU amhV Zmhr AmoU Xwg`mer VwbZm H$a`mMm d/dm [Ym H$a`mMm _m{h hm{D$ bmJVm{. dV`m AV`m_rM{ oMaVZ g` OmUyZ dV`m doeQ>mMm bm{H$H$`mUH$mar AmodH$ma H$a`mE{dOr CXra[Y{`m _m{hOmbmV `$s AS>H$V OmV{. dVMr H$naAa, oejU, hmg, N>X dJa{ `{H$ ]m] dmVgwIm` H{$br Z OmVm Xwg`mer _mO{Mr Zh{ Va OrdK{Ur [Ym H$a`mgmR>r H{$br OmV{. ZH$iV dV`m AVam`mer AmoU `o$_dmer VmaUm H{$br OmV{ AmoU AdmVd `{`m[m`r Am`w`^amMr AmoU `m `m j{mV`m ]mOma]wU`m`m jwdmWmMr gm{` H{$br OmV{. ^maVmgma`m X{em_`{ CXra [Ym, `m_mZmZ{ H$_r Amh{. dVMr Hw$dV AmoU doeQ>{ OmUyZ [wH$i `$s g_mYmZmZ{ OrdZ OJVmh{V. [U OmJoVH$ CXra[Y}`m dmdQ>irV Aem `$s Vw`m H$[{oedm` oQ>Hy$ eH$Uma ZmhrV. CXra[Y}Mm Xw^md A`V ^`mZH$ d Vrd Amh{ d AgUma Amh{. `dhmamVrb gmYr CXmhaU{{ [mohbr Va hr ]m] bjmV `{Bb. AmO I{Sy>V bm{H$hr dV`m a$eH $ a{ [ mgy Z V{ dV`m $ sO[` V AmoU dV`m oXdmUIm`mVrb Jmbr`m[mgyZ V{ JmB-Jwam[`V `{H$ ]m]rH$S>{ " VmboZH$Q>m' [mhmVmV. dVMr CMr, aJ, AmdmO, MmbU{, ]m{bU{, `{H$ ]m]rMr VwbZm H{$br OmV{ AmoU jw gwIXwImMr gm{` H{$br OmV{. `{H$ ]m]rV VWmH$oWV AmVaam>r` "_mU' Wm[Z hm{D$Z `m _JOim_mJ{ `{H$ OU d{S>mgmaIm YmdV gwQ>Vm{. g_mOm_`{ gdVm{[ar AZmdWm, AZmJm|Xr d odZme AmUUmar hr H$s`m Amh{. Vw`m H$[{_wi{ W_ dV`m JwUdoeQ>mMm AmdmH$m d _`mXm g_OV{ AmoU [wT>{ VwPr MrVr `{V{. dV`m d BVam`m JwUdoeQ>mH$S>{ AmVnaH$ EH$m_V{`m T> OmoUd{H$Sy>Z [mohb{ OmV{. jw d gHw$oMV `o$dm`m d VmZ AT>r, AhH$ma, Agy`m, _ga, oVaH$ma, VwbZm, [Ym B`mXt`m q^Vr H$m{giVmV. odf_V{Mm Owb_r A_b AmoU g_mZV{Mm X{h]wrO` h{H$m g[yZ dm`^md OmJV hm{Vm{. g_mO g_mO Z amhVm AZ{H$ eara{ Agb{br EH$ `$s ]ZV{. A[JmM{ A[Jd, H$m`mMm H$mi{[Um, am{`mMm am{J, hemamMr hemar gma{ H$mhr AmVnaH$ EH$m_V{`m ghZ{ && 125 && 126. V{Odr OmUrd{g_m{a dm`^mdmg_m{a Xw`_ R>aV{. H$maU Vr gmar EH$m_ ApVdmMr ododY[r oVo]]{ Ag`mMr MrVr `{V{. Aem Vh{Z{ `mM{ gHw$oMV ApVd Z> hm{VmZm gdJwUr AmoU Am_kmZr ^$mZm _m Vw`m m ^`mZH$ [m_`{ oMaH$mb oQ>H$Um`m AmZXmMm oXbmgm o_iVm{. Vw`mMaUr _VH$ H$m`_ amhm{. 489) ^yV_h{a$& ^yV_h{am` Z_$& hUO{ gdmV`m_r amhZ emarnaH$, _mZogH$ ]mrH$ d Amp_H$ `dhmamM{ oZ`U H$aUmam. AhH$ma, Amg$s , AgwaojVVm, Agy`m, {f, H$m{`, bm^, _m{h, XwI, H$m{Y d Vm` qhgm `mMm, Vw`m kmZmZ{ Zme hm{Vm{ d oMm ew hm{V{. >r AMyH$ hm{V{. dmr gohUw hm{V{. _Z g_W ]ZV{. odMma d H$Vr H$`mUH$mar hm{V{. Vw`m _aUmV Vw`m [m`mer oZaVa bm{Q>mJU amhm{. 490) AmoXX{d$& AmoXX{dm` Z_$& AZmXr Ag`mZ{ gdm`m [yduMm d gd ApVdmbm Am_[mZ{ H$moeV H$aUmam _wI X{d. VyM gdmMr Aodm d Vm` jw AhH$ma Z> H$$Z ]- _w_wjyZm Ba{N>{`m AmoU gmYH$ ogmZm Am_mZXm`m [mV MrVr X{Vm{g. ^$mZm ex {_, `m{`mZm g_mYrgwI, km`mZm `m`m [kmMjyma{ gdkVm X{Umam Va gH$mir gdmZmM {_, _mZogH$ emVr d g_mYmZ, kmZ AmoU gH$m`dU gm_` X{D$Z odH$`mU gm` H$aUmam _hmZ X{d Vy Amh{g. Vw`mMaUr H$VkV{Z{ _VH$ amhm{. 491) _hmX{d$& _hmX{dm` Z_$& eH$a, oed, _hmZ X{d, [od X{d. Vy odmVrb [mod`mMm CJ_, [odV_, ew kmZ_`, ew ^md_`, fS>na[waohV, oJwUmVrV, dam`Y` d dam`g[mrZ{ `w$ Agm _hmV{Om{_` X{dmoXX{d Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 492) X{d{e$& X{d{em` Z_$& X{dmMm Ba. odmVrb X{d AoU X{ddmMm C[H$Vm d oZ`Vm. X{d hUO{ odmVrb gVe$sMr AZ{H$ [mVirdarb AoVd{. X{dd hUO{ `mMr doeQ>{, `mMr gmm. Vy mMm dm_r Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_^mdmZ{ Um_ Agm{V. 493) X{d^XJw$& X{d^XJwad{ Z_$& BmMm (_ZmMm ) Jw. doH$ [mVirda odmM{ AVaJ oZ`oV H$aUmam d ghZ{ && 126 && 127. `$sOrdZm_`{ `$sM{ OrdZ oZ`oV H$aUm`m _ZmM{ oZ`U H$aUmam. `mbm `m{` _mJXeZ H$aUmam emV goXmZ_` Jw. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. Cmam{ Jm{[oVJm}m kmZJ` [wamVZ$& eara^yV^X^m{$m H$[rm{ ^ynaXojU$&& 494) Cma$& Cmam` Z_$& Cma hUO{ CMmdWm, C, ZVaMm dJa{. AkmZmVyZ CX^dUma{ Xm]` d jwd,ge`r[Um, ew d[mMr MrVr X{D$Z Vy Xya H$aVm{g. odmM{ CmaXmo`d K{Umam `m AWmZ{hr Vwbm Cma hUO{ g`wo$H$ Amh{. `mM_mU{ odm`m AVmZVahr amhUma hUyZhr Vy Cma Amh{g, Vwbm _r AZ`^md{ eaU Amh{. 495) Jm{[oV$& Jm{[V`{ Z_$& Jm`tM{ d _Zw`mM{ ghOrdZ gd Q>m ohVH$maH$ Ag`mZ{ `mMm [mbZH$Vm X{d hOmam{ dfm[mgyZ odRR>b, `H$Q>{e, H$U B`mXr AZ{H$ [mV [yObm OmVm{. gdmV [ydu `m X{dmbm [y`Z hUV AgV. _Zw` g_yhmMm CXmm ehmU[Um d gwgH$VVm `mma{ Aem [yO{_`{ VwP{ oVo]] [S>b{b{ oXgV{. A` Q>m Jm{ hUO{ dmUr AmoU d{X-kmZ. AV`m_r`m emV g`mMr MrVr W_ JQ> hm{V{ Vr dmUrVyZ d d{XmVyZ. hr dmUr d d{X gdUmam d odH$ogV H$aUmam dm_r hUyZhr Vwbm Jm{ [ oV hUU{ `m{` Amh{. d{J`m AWmZ{ [oh`mg Jm{ hUO{ [dr d [dr hUO{ odmVrb OS> Vd. hUyZ gd OS> VdmMm MV`_` AmYma AmoU oZ`Vm hUyZhr Vy Jm{ [ oV Amh{g. Vwbm gmQ>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 496) Jm{m$& Jm{{ Z_$& ajUH$Vm. gm`m odmbm dV`m AodZmoedm_wi{ VemM AodZmoedmMr h_r X{Umam AmoU AerM AodZmer AdWm ^$mZm m H$Z X{Umam(Aodm, AkmZ d gHw$oMV jw ApVd `m[mgyZ gajU d _w$s X{Umam ) VyM Amh{g. Vwbm AmXa[ydH$ oU[mV Agm{V. 497) kmZJ`$& kmZJ`m` Z_$& gHw$oMV `o$dm[wa`m _`moXV dmgZm, ^mdZm, odMma d H$Vr `m`m [brH$S>{ J{b{`mZm ew ]wr`m ma{ (AodmO` VH$mZ{ dm odMmamZr Zh{ ) `mM{ emV ApVd AV]m OmUdy bmJV{. Agm Vy Amh{g. hUyZ Vwbm kmZJ` hUVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. ghZ{ && 127 && 128. 498) [wamVZ$& [wamVZm` Z_$& H$mbmoXH$mZrhr A[napN> hUyZ Vy [wamVZmV [wamVZ Amh{g. ^$mZmhr `m`m I`m [mMr OmUrd H$Z X{Um`m Vwbm eVe Z_Z Agm{. 499) eara^yV^V$& eara^yV^V{ Z_$& jU^Jwa earamM{ dV`m [wamVZ ApVdmVyZ [m{fU H$aUmhr _mD$br. Vw`m gm_`mZ{ [m{g`m OmUm`m _mP{ Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 500) ^m{$m$& ^m{{ Z_$& eara AmoU _ZmM{ ^m{J ^m{JUmam earamV`m_r AmoU odmVrb AZV ^m{J ^m{JUmam odmV`m_rX{Irb VwM Amh{g. H$m{UVrhr OS> dVy k{` Agy eH$V{. kmVr Zmhr. eara earambm C[^m{JV Zmhr. d earamM{ gajUhr H$arV Zmhr. ^$mZm `m ]m]rMr gmW OmUrd hm{V{ d AV`m_r dgUmam VyM gajH AmnU ^m{JUmam Amh{g `mMr oZnVr hm{V{. `{H$ OrdZ hr EH$ ogQ>r_(g`Um) Amh{. Vr Bo$obo]`_bm `{V OmV{, g_Vm{b hm{V OmV{. AWmV odmVrb H$m{Q>mdYr ogQ>rg [a[a[m{fH$V{Z{ oZaVa Aem H$ma{ JoV_mZ amhU{ h{ `m`m AmYrZ ZgyZ gd`m[r AZ [na_mUmVrV Aem Vw`m AmYrZ AgV{. hUyZ Vwbm ^m{$m hUU{ g_[H$ Amh{. `{H$ OrdZmMr g`Um Vw`m kmZm[mer Bo$ob]{Q> H$aUm`m odH$`mUH$mar Vwbm ^md[yU Z_Z Agm{. 501) H$[t& H$[tm` Z_$& am_. dmZamMm AoY[Vr. Am_kmZr `$s_Yrb [ewJwU H$`mUH$mar ]ZVmV hr OmUrd hZw_mZ m Vw`m oV^{`m [yO{V Agmdr. Vg{M am_[yO{Vhr Agmdr. VmpdH$Q>m [mhVm [ew`m d [ew oV_m`m [yO{M{, AmUIr EH$ H$maU g^dV{. V{ hUO{ dVVrb [ewdVr Jm{S>rJwbm]rZ{ dVVrb Ba`m AmYrZ amhdr. H$maU [ewdVr hr `m` ZgyZ _mZdr gH$Vrbm C[`w$ Amh{. $$ Vr AV`m_r`m goXmZXm`m AoH$V Agm`bm hdr. g[yU OJm`m mMrZ gH$Vr_`{ [ew- [`mMr [yOm-AmamYZm ododY H$ma{ hm{V hm{Vr. EH$m >rZ{ `m mUr[r XdVm_Yrb AX^wVVm VH$Xw>Vm XedrV ZgyZ _Zw` d mUr `m`mVrb gX` d `m[H$ EH$m{[m, EH$d, [a[a[m{fH$Vm AmoU C[`w$Vm XeodV{. A`m_m`m _mJm`{ Zaqgh, JS>, ZmJ, hmr, qgh, H$mgd, damh, _mgm, Jm` Ag{ [ew d dZ[VtMr Or AZ{H$ VrH{$ `{VmV V{hm `mM{ H$maU [`mdaUmVrb [a[a[yaH$Vm H{$di emarnaH$ d ^moVH$ Zh{ Va Am`mp_H$ dm`, g_mYmZ d odH$mgmg C[`w$ R>aV{ hr OmUrd ghZ{ && 128 && 129. hm{`. H$maU mUr d dZ[Vr `mM{ (AmoU [ewdmM{ ) ApVd Ordemr` ApVdmgmR>rM Zh{ Va gdmJrU CVrgmR>r (odm`m d `$s`m)A Amd`H$ AgV{ h{ F$frZm H$i`m_wi{M `mZr ew Am_[mbm de Aem [ew AmoU [ewdmMr ododY [mV [yOm d AmamYZm H{$br. CXm. eH$amM{ dmhZ ZXr, odUyM{ dmhZ JS>, XwJ}M{ dmhZ dmK, gadVrM{ dmhZ _m{a Vg{M am_ (Am_mam_ ) ^$ hZw_mZ. Aer [wH$i CXmhaU{ BVa Y_m_`{hr gm[Sy> eH$Vrb. Vwbm [wZ[whm dXZ Agm{. 502) ^ynaXojU& ^ynaXojUm` Z_$& XojUm X{Umam. Am_kmZmMr l{> ^{Q> (XojUm ) odmbm X{Umam Vy Amh{g. H$maU `mVyZ$Iar `k gH$Vr (`mJmoYo>V gH$Vr ) AmoU _hm_Zm d _hmkmZr H$m`{ KS>VmV.hr H$m`{ y$Vu, {aUm, >r, `m{OZm, Ym{aU{, AmoU H$Vr Aem H$m{U`mhr H$maMr Agbr Var CXmm AgVmV AmoU gd [W-[j-Y_-am>- demVrb gmZmZm AmV[U{ OmUdVmV, [Q>VmV d Aem Vh{Z{ doH$ EH$s d H$`mUmg C[`w$ R>aVmV. `mM_mU{ hr ^{Q> (XojUm ) ^$m`m Am_kmZr H$VrVyZ (Vw`m g{d{VyZ ) Vwbm m hm{V{. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. gm{_[m{@_V[ gm{_ [woO[wgm_$& odZ`m{ O`g`gYm{ Xmemh gmdVm [oV$&& 503) gm{_[& gm{_[m` Z_$& AVkm d VH$km `m`m g`w$ ^mdmVyZ emV g`mer g_ag hm{`mMr oH$`m hUO{ `k. gHw$oMV Ag{ gd H$mhr, odm_H$ ApVdmV odbrZ H$aVmZm (`k H$aVmZm ) C[Z hm{Um`m ^mdm_VmM{ meZ H$aUmam odH$`mUH$mar Bda Vw`mM H$[{Z{ Agm odH$`mUH$mar CXmm d V{Odr `k gH$VrM{{ AmodH$aU hm{V{. AmoU od, CXmm ^mdZm, odMma, MrVr d H$VtZr ^Z OmV{. Vwbm H$Vk oU[mV Agm{V. 504) A_V[& A_V[m` Z_$& [ma[mnaH$Q>m g_w_WZmZ{ ]mh{a Amb{b{ A_V o[Umam Vy Amh{g. VmodH$ Q>m _WZmMm _oWVmW [medr d _mZdr dmrM{ Agm Amh{. dMmnaH$, ^mdoZH$, dmgoZH$ mVyZ Am_kmZmMm CX` hm{Vm{, Am_m_V ]mh{a `{V{. `$s`m AV`m_r AgUmam VyM h{ A_V[mZ H$aVm{g hUyZ Vwbm A_ V [ hUVmV. gmdoH$ [mVirdaX{Irb ododY H$ma`m mVyZ C[ hm{Um`m doH$ OmUrd[r A_VmM{ ghZ{ && 129 && 130. [mZ `o$oZa[{j, goXmZX_` Agm Vy oZaVa H$aVm{g. `mM_mU{ gd Y_mM{, gd [WmM{, gd odMmamM{, gd demM{, gd X{emM{ bm{H$ m Zm `m [H$ma{ mWZm H$aVmV V{hm `m ^o${_m_VmM meZ H$aUmamhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 505) gm{_& gm{_m` Z_$& `m eXmM{ AZ{H$ AW Amh{V. dmam, M, gm{_d{brMm ag, [mUr B`mXr. _hdmMm AW A_V Amh{. odmVrb A_ad, Am`mp_H$ erVbd, MamMam`m [a[ag]YmVrb F$OwVm d CXmm ^mdZm, r-[wf, YZ-F$U AmXr mXa`mZM{ mVrV emV Vd AmoU m VdmM{ Jw, J_H$ d gd Vy Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 506) [woOV$& [woOV{ Z_$& AZ{H$mZm oOH$Umam qH$dm EH$dmZ{ AZ{H$dmda _mV H$aUmam. odmVrb gd MamMamZm EH$dmV ]mYUmam d EH$d oMaVZ odO`r H$aUmam. Ag` mVyZhr EH$dmM{ emdV ApVd oZaVa[U{ oZoV H$aUmam. `mM_mU{ Vw`m emdV EH$dmM{ AMyH$ kmZ ^$mZm H$Z X{Umamhr VyM Amh{g. m EH$dm`m ImrVyZM OJmVrb e{ H $S>m{ H$maM{ bm{ H $ Am_kmZr bm{ H $m `m _mJ X e Z mImbr dm`moYo>>V EH$dmoYo>V dod`[yU odgH$VrH$S>{ odO`r dmQ>Mmb H$ eH$VmV AmoU Vw`m H$[{Z{ emdV EH$d, AmoU `mM{ ew kmZ odm`m I`mIw`m oOhm`m`m d gmhmX[yU EH$s_`{ AmodH$V H$ eH$VmV. Vw`m H$[{Z{ gma{ g_wXm` [a[am`m AVaJmZm emdV EH$m_V{Z{ ]mYUm`m Vw`m AZw^yVrZ{ H$o_ ^mJm{obH$ od^mOZ, amOH$s` d{Ji{[U, AmoWH$ [a[aodam{Y AmoU gd H$maMr ]m o^Vm Xw`_ H$$Z _yb^yV EH$sMr ^mdZm AmoU oOhmim `j `dhmamV AmU`mgmR>r EH$ `{D$Z I]ra `m{OZm AmIy eH$VmV. ododY [a[am, AmMmaodMma, T>r Oa H$Qy>Vm dmT>Umar d Vm` A`m` qhgm $m{$mdUmar em{ ]Zy bmJbr Va `m emmMm Zme H$a`mgmR>r oH$dm `mMr ghmae$s Z> H$$Z `mZm oXdmUIm`mVrb oZ[dr I{i`mM{ [ X{`mgmR>r ode{f [`Z H$$ eH$VmV. emV EH$sMr AZw^yVr X{Um`m odH$`mUH$mar Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 507) [w$gm_$& [wgm_m` Z_$& gd _hmZV_ Vdm[{lm AmoU od^yVr AdVmam[{jmhr Cmm{_m_. Vy gdm}Vm{[ar ghZ{ && 130 && 131. d gdQ>m gdm}H$> Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 508) odZ`$& odZ`m` Z_$& `mMm EH$ AW Z_ d Xwgam MwH$m H$aUm`mZm Xw`_ WmZ X{Umam. g[yU kmV odm`m VwbZ{V Vy A` Amh{g AmoU `m_wi{ Aod{`m [JS>m_`{ AgUm`mZm `m`m oMVrg Z `{D$Z X{U{ `mbm Z "^{QyZ' ImbM{ WmZ X{Umam Amh{g (`m_wi{ V{ H{$odbdmU{ hm{VmV). A` Q>m dVg ghOJ`m JQ> Z H$aUmam hUyZX{Irb Vy odZ`r Amh{g. d`o$H$ [mVirda [mhVm Vw`m MrVrZ{ Am_gmjmH$mamMr d Vx[ Pmb{b{ `m{Jr, gV, _hm_{ dV`m gHw$oMV ApVdmbm Vw`mMaUr A[U H$aVmV d H$_r b{IVmV. `mM]am{]a `m`m ZgoJH$ gohUwV{_wi{ AZmJhr BN>m, odMma, ^mdZm AmoU H$Vr fS>na[w`m ]YZmV gm[S>b{`mZm g$s Z H$aVm [amYrZ Xw`_ WmZr OJ`mg _m{H$i{ gm{S>VmV. Vwbm _Zm{^md{ Z_Z Agm{. 509) O`$& O`m` Z_$& gy`, odO`, oZ`_Z, oZJh, ogr B. gm`m odmM{ AMw>H$V{Z{ oZ`_Z AmoU oZ`U H$aUmam (AWmV, dV BVa H$emVhr oZ`_] Z hm{Umam). `mM_mU{ d`o$H$ [mVirda OrdZmVrb `{H$ H$Vr d ^mdZm[`j[U{ oZ`oV H$aUmamhr Vy Amh{g. `m ^$mMr `{H$ H$Vr Vy W{Q> oZ`oV H$aVm{g `mMr H$Vr BVa H$m{U`mhr ew bm^m`m odMmamZ{ hm{V Zmhr. Vwbm ^md[yU dXZ Agm{. 510) g`gY$& g`gYm` Z_$& g` gH$[ Agb{bm. VwP{ Aearar ApVd, BN>m, H$Vr, `j [naUm_, `m [naUm_mVJV VwPr [oMVr h{ gd AkmZodahrV emV Amh{. hUyZ g`gH$[r, g`dVr, g`_` d g`kmZr Agm Vy Amh{g. dV`m ^$mZm hrM MrVr X{Um`m Vwbm AmXa[ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. 511) Xmemh$& Xmemhm` Z_$& Xmemh Zmdm`m `mXdHw$ir C[ Pmb{bm. h{ VwP{ H$U $[. A`Q>m Xmemh hUO{ dVM{ ^mgUma{ gdH$mhr ^o$^md[ydH$ `m`m MaUr g_o[V H$amd{ Agm. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 512) gmdVm [oV$& gmdVm[V`{ Z_$& gmdVmMm hUO{M ^mJdV bm{H$mMm Ba. Vy ^mJdV VmMmhr (^JdXmr`m VmMm, gmYZmMm, _mJmMm) oZ_mVm d odH$gZH$Vm Ag`mZ{ Vwbm gmdVm[oV ghZ{ && 131 && 132. hUVmV. [oVVmMm CmaH$Vm Aem Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. Ordm{ odZo`Vmgmjr _wHw$Xm{@o_VodH$_$& A^m{oZoYaZVm_m _hm{XoYe`m{{@VH$$&& 513) Ordm$& Ordm` Z_$& odmV`m_r`m MamMamVrb MV`, gOrdVm dm mUe$s, j{k hUyZ Ord YmaU H$aUmam Ordm_m, `m gm`m [mVJV AgUmam AmoU gdmZm gm_mdUmam Vg{M kmZm`m gd [mV`mhr gm_mdUmam kmZgmJa Agm Bda Vy Amh{g hUyZ Vwbm Ord AmoU ]h[Vrhr hUVmV. _mP{ oMm Vw`mMaUr brZ amhm{. 514) odZo`Vm gmjr$& odZo`VmgmojU{ Z_$& Aod{_wi{ C[ hm{Umam AhH$ma, Xwamo^_mZ, _mO Vw`m MrVrZ{ Z> hm{Vm{. Vw`mH$S>{ H$V{[Um Ag`mM{ OmUyZ ^$ odZ`erb hm{Vm{. emarnaH$, AmoWH$, ]moH$, dMmnaH$, gm_moOH$, amOH$s`, OmVr`, dmoeH$, Ymo_H$ Aer H$m{UVrhr o_Omg dm `yZJS> CaV Zmhr. m kmZ_` [od AdW{Mm H$maH$ d gmjr VyM Amh{g. VyM AV`m_r amhZ h{ [mhVm{g. Vwbm H$Vk [oU[mV Agm{V. 515) _wHw$X$& _wHw$Xm` Z_$& _w$s X{Umam.Aod{_`{ ] d hUyZ H$mimYrZ Aem [aV ApVdm[mgyZ `$sbm H$mimVrV, d`[yU AmoU dV Aem ApVdmMr mr AmoU `m [mrMr MrVr X{Umam Vy Amh{g. h{ A_a ApVd `$s`m gHw$oMV `o$dm`m H$m{U`mhr eIbmZr AmoU q^VrZr ]mYb{b{ dm H$m|S>b{b{ ZgV{. `$sM{ AVaJ H$meUm`m AmoU oV`m gd`m[r Aem `m A_a ApVdmMr OmUrd d mr oVbm H$Z X{Um`m Vwbm oZaVa Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 516) Ao_VodH$_& Ao_VodH$_m` Z_$& odmVrb AZV KQ>Zm_`{ AMyH$ Aem doH$ Vmb]V{{Z{ dmdaUmam AmoU gd [m{MUmam, gma{ H$mhr [mXmH$mV H$aUmam. gm`m gwoZ`oV KQ>Zm hUO{ VwPmM Vmb] [X`mg Amh{, doH$ Z` Amh{, `m_`{ H$m{Urhr H$Yrhr AS>Wim AmUy eH$V Zmhr. Vwbm godZ` Um_ Agm{V. 517) A^m{oZoY$& A^m{oZY`{ Z_$& _hmgmJa. OrdZMV`, oMXmH$me, H$mi AmoU OmoUd{ AVrV kmZmMm gmR>m ghZ{ && 132 && 133. AoU EH$XarV gd MamMa odM `m`m [m{Q>r gmR>db{ Amh{ Agm _hmgmJa hUyZ Vwbm A ^ m{ o ZoY hUVmV. Vw`m H$[ZmVrV `m[H$, gdg_md{eH$ AOam_a ApVdmbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 518) AZVm_m$& AZVm_Z{ Z_$& AJoUV [m_`{ AgUmam [U [{ Z> Pmbr Var AZVH$mi[`V amhUmam d H$mi, X{e, dVy gdm`m AVrV AgUmam Vy Amh{g. eara `m_mU{ `mbm AV]m `m[Um`m [m{H$irbm ^{Xy eH$V Zmhr `mM_mU{ MamMa od `mbm AV]m `m[Um`m Vwbm ^{Xy eH$V Zmhr. odmVrb H$m{UVrhr ]m] Vwbm ^{Xy eH$V Zmhr dm Vw`m_`{ naKy eH$V Zmhr. Vw`m ^$mZm `m`m I`m d[mMr hUO{M AZVm_m Aem VwPr oMaVZ MrVr X{Um`m Vwbm AIS> Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 519) _hm{XoYe`$& _hm{XoYe`m` Z_$& _hmgmJam_`{ Pm{[Umam. odoZo_Vr hUO{ KQ>ZmMr H$mb[Q>bmdarb odoe> _mS>Ur dm aMZm hm{`. Ag` KQ>ZmM{ EH$X_ gKQ>Zm_H$ oH$`m`m oXe{Z{ oZJoS>V AgU{ odoZo_Vr_`{ VrV hm{V{, [naUV hm{V{. KQ>ZmMr aMZm gKQ>Zm`m oXe{Z{ AmoU od oXe{Z{ Aem Xm{hr oXemZr oZJoS>V AgU{ hUO{M odpWVr Mmby amhU{. AmoU KQ>Zm odKQ>Zm_H$ Zmem_H$ oH$`m`m oXe{Z{ EH$X_ KS>U{ hUO{ odghma. mZVa H$mhrhr Z KS>U{ hUO{M KQ>ZmM{ oZJoS>V[U Z> hm{U{ hr doe>`[yU VYmdWm AgyZ ohbmM _hm{XoYe` hUU{ AMyH$ oXgV{. oh`m_`{ (VY ) AgUmam AmoU [whm KQ>ZmZm oZJoS>V H$Z odoZo_Vr H$aUmam Aem VwP{ _hmgmJamVrb dQ>[mda Pm{[Umam ]miH$U h{ Jm{oOadmU{{ [ Amh{. odpW`Va{ AZ{H$odY H$ma{ `jmV AmUUmam [aVw dV `m`m AV]m` AgyZhr `mZr ob Z hm{Umam hUyZ Vwbm Pm{[Umam, `m{JoZ{V AgUmam hUVmV. m Vw`m d[mer EH$dmMr d g_agV{Mr MrVr `{Umam (H{$di _mohVr AgUmam Zh{ ) ^$, `m{Jr pWVk AgVm{. Vwbm oZaVa ^md[yU dXZ Agm{. 520) AVH$$& AVH$m` Z_$& AV KS>dyZ AmUUmam, _`y, odmVrb Ag` pW`Va{ A`V ]maH$mBZ{ A`mg`mg `{H$ pW`VamXa`mZM{ gy_moVgy_ ApVd bjmV `{V{. AemM A`mgmVyZ H$m{U`mhr [XmWmMm Zme hm{V Zmhr $$ oW`Va hm{V{ Ag{ hUVmV. AodH$ogV ]wrbm _m pW`VamXa`mZM{ ApVd (`m`mma{ ^yV, dV_mZ d ^od`H$mimVrb bmIm{ pW`Va{ AIS>[U{ Om{S>br OmVmV d oZ`oV ghZ{ && 133 && 134. hm{VmV AmoU EH$mM d{ir KS>Umar Ag` pW`VVa{hr Om{S>b{br AgVmV ) AmH$bZ hm{V Zmhr. d{J`m [mVirdZ [moh`mg Oa H$m{Q>mdYr _Zw` A`V Wm{S>m H$mimV O_mbm Amb{ Va bm{H$g`{Mm $m{Q> Pmbm Ag{ hUVmV AmoU AJXr H$_r AVamZ{ H$m{Q>mdYr bm{H$ _V Pmb{ Va gmW Ambr hUVmV. odm`m ]m]VrVhr [wH$i KQ>Zm (Entropy) `m od oXe{Z{ KS>`m Va Va odoZo_Vr d (Entropy) `m oXe{Z{ KS>`m Va odb` Pmbm Ag{ hUVmV. _ybV m gm`m KQ>Zm d `m`m Xa`mZM{ `mZm oZ`oV H$aUma{ Vd AZwH$_{ H$Vr d [wf(e$s d oed, b_r d odUy dJa{) A_admZ{ hr H$sS>m H$arV AgVmV. h{M doH$ Z` hm{`. `m_wi{M _`y (pW`Va ) Mm H$maH$ Aem VwP{ AVH$ h{ Zmd gmW Amh{. A` Q>m `{H$ ^$mM{ gHw$oMV ApVd, jw `o$d Vy g[dVm{g d ew ]wX`m_H$ Aem `m`m ApVdmV `mbm pW`VnaV H$aVm{g hUyZr Vwbm A V H$ hUVmV. Vwbm eVe XS>dV Agm{V. AOm{ _hmhdm^m`m{ oOVmo_ _m{XZ$& AmZXm{ ZXZm{ ZX g`Y_m oodH$_$&& 521) AO$& AOm` Z_$& O_aohV. (Vy ) AIS>VZ{ gd AdH$me AmoU H$mi `m[yZ Ag`mZ{ Entropy { `m od oXe{Z{ pWVVarV hm{V Zmhr hUO{M Zme [mdV Zmhr AmoU Entropy `m oXe{Z{ pWVVnaV hm{V Zmhr hUO{{M O_ [mdVhr Zmhr. Xwg`m AWmZ{ AO hUO{ odUyMm [w wZ H$m_X{d, h{ gJwU $[ [a_m_m{X^d Agm Om{ H$m_ Amh{, `mM{ Amh{. odoZo_Vr pWVr d ghmamMm Aearar gH$[ hUO{ H$m_ hm{`, Vwbm AO hUVmV V{ `m AWmZ{. d`o$H$ [mVirda Ordm`m`m gH$[mZ{ [wZO_mM{ MH$ AmoU MH$mVJV dmgZm, ^mdZm, odMma, H$Vr `mM{ AmdV Mmby amhVmV. Ordm_m d `mMm gH$[ hr oZ`H$ $[{X{Irb VwPrM Amh{V. hUyZM H$V}[U BamH$S>{ Amh{, h{ ^o$_mJmM{ _hmZ Vd OmUyZ gd [m[-[w` Bam[U H$aU{ A`V ZgoJH$, gw`m{` d gwg] d VH$gJVX{Irb Amh{. H$m{U`mhr gmYZmMm oH$Vrhr ]maH$mBZ{ A`mg H{$bm Var CXmm odgH$VrMr Cdb [hmQ> Am_aJr aJb{`m ^$m`m MrVr[yU ^Jd{_mVyZM COmS>Uma Amh{. H$maU gd gmYZmMr gdm}H$> [naUVr ^o$_mJmVM Amh{. H$m_X{d $[mVrb (AmodH$mamVrb) VwPr MrVr H$mQ>{H$m{a, AgohUw, H$S>`m, $j, ]m{OS>, AdmOdr Aem gd Wm{VmS>_` gmYZ `dhmamZm $mQ>m X{V{ AmoU `$s`m ApVdm`m H$m{U`mhr [bybm R>{MyZ Z Q>mH$Vm ^o${_mma{ Am_$[m_`{ AmZXgm_m`mMm AoY[Vr ]ZdV{, Z`m ghZ{ && 134 && 135. `wJmMm AmZX`mr ]ZdV{. Vwbm _Zm{^md{ Z_Z Agm{. 522) _hmh:$& _hmhm` Z_:$& _hm[yO{`m `m{` Agm. gd od `dhma AmoU odmVrb _Zm{`m[ma Vw`m H$[{Z{ AoV_V: VwbmM m hm{VmV. hUyZ odmma{ `mMr gdl{> [yOm (H$iV- ZH$iV) A`mhV[U{ Mmby AgV{ Agm Vy Amh{g. Vg{M `{H$ `$sMrhr A`V m_moUH$ d CH$Q> ^o$^mdZm Vw`mer oMaVZ[U{ oZJoS>V AgV{, h{ g` Amh{. `m_wi{hr Vy [yOZr` Amh{g. Vg{M odm_`{ gma{ H$mhr ApWa d MMb AmoU hUyZ Aodmgmh AgyZ V{ gd Vw`m VmZ{, Vw`m gm{Z{ MmbV Ag`m_wi{hr pWa Agb{bm Agm H{$di VyM g[yUV`m odmgmh AmoU [yOZr` Amh{g. Vwbm oZaVa Um_ Agm{V. 523) dm^m`:$& dm^m`m` Z_:$& Am_^mdr T> AgUmam. [od Am_$[m[mgyZ H$Yrhr odMobV Z hm{Umam, H$Yrhr Ak [mVirda Z `{Umam, [am_^mdr Z AS>H$Umam, dV:og d d`^y [a_{a Vy Amh{g. Vy [am{[ Zmhrg, [amdb]r Zmhrg, [a^mdr Zmhrg. ^$mZmhr Am_aJr aJdUmam, d$[pWVrMr MrVr X{Umam Aem Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 524) oOVmo_:$& oOVmo_m` Z_:$& Ao_ hUO{ earamVJV AmoU ]mh{arb ey. `m`mda odO` o_idUmam, `mZm H$mV R>{dUmam. Vw`m AIS> _aUmV oea Vw`m MaUmda brZ amhm{. 525) _m{XZ:$& _m{XZm` Z_:$& AmZXr. dm_m_Vm`m meZmZ{ gVV dJu` AmZXmV a_Umam, hf`w$ AmoU ^$X`mV AdV$Z `mM{ AVaJ oMaVZ [a_ ChmgmZ{ ^aUmam. Vwbm eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 526) AmZX:$& AmZXm` Z_:$& Vy ew d emdV Agm AmZX Amh{g d Aem oQ>H$mD$ AmZXmMr MrVr hr Vw`m mrM{ bjUhr Amh{. ^$mZm AmZX$[mZ{ oXbmgm X{Umam d XwoV bm{H$mZm `m`m _mJ^>V{Mr OmUrd X{Umam Aem Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 527) ZXZ:$& ZXZm` Z_:$& ^$X` ]mZXmZ{ ^aUmam. ^$m`m gd dmgZm, ^mdZm d odMma CH$mV, ghZ{ && 135 && 136. CV AmoU Cm_ ]ZdUmam d AZ{H$ $[mZr `mM{ X` AIS> AmZXmZ{ CM]iyZ Q>mH$Umam gwImMm _hmm{V Vy Amh{g. _mVX`mbm [wmr, [w{_m`m $[mV Va ]mbH$mbm _mV{`m dmg`m`m $[mV AZ Aem AZ{H$ AmodH$mamV gd gOrdmM{ OrdZ AmZX_` H$aUmam VyM Amh{g. Vw`m ^o${_mM{ H$m`_M{ d EH$_{d ]YZ hUO{M OrdZ_w$s, gdm} OrdZ. Vw`m ^$s_`{ oMm Vw`mMaUr H$m`_ brZ amhm{. 528) ZX:$& ZXm` Z_:$& gHw$oMV gwIm`m AVrV AgUmam (emdV gwImMm Pam). Vy emdV AmZX$[mZ{ odmVrb gdmMm [m{fUH$Vm AmoU [mbZH$Vm Amh{g. ^$mZm `mMr MrVr `{V{. lrH$UmMm hUO{M emV AmZXmMm o[Vm `mZ{ H$U$[r emV AmZX OJmbm oXbm Vm{ ZX h{ gJwU $[ VwPM d `mVyZ hmM _oWVmW oZKVm{. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 529) g`Y_m$& g`Y_m` Z_:$& emdV g` oZ`_, `mZwgma od MmbV{ d O{ Am_gmjmH$mamZVa MrVrg `{VmV. Vy gZmVZ, g` Am_kmZ$[r d oMaVZ Agm odY_ Amh{g. gd arVr^mVr, ZrVroZ`_, oe>mMma, H$m`X{, [jgKQ>Zm, gaH$ma{, oZ`_, gH{$V H$_H$mS>{ B`mXr dMmnaH$ gKQ>ZmMr dm Y_gXm`mMr AJ{ _ybV: _w$sgmR>rMr gmYZ{ AgyZhr V_m{JwUm`m ^mdmZ{ H$mbmVamZ{ KmVH$ Aem eIbm_`{ $[mVnaV hm{VmV. `m Kam_`{ gajU d gm{`r o_im``m VrM Ka{ _`yM{ gm[i{ ]Zmd{V Vg{ hm{V{. Aem [napWVrV H$Yr Hw$R>{ Y_gXm`m`m odam{YmV JXmam{i CR>Vm{, gHw$oMV d jw `o$dmV`mMm MS> CXm{ CXm{ hm{Vm{ Va H$Yr Hw$R>{ Ow`mM H$mb]m VWmH$oWV Ymo_H$ Om{IS>mM{ [wZmrdZ H$a`mMm hUO{M `$s`m _w$sMm dmQ>m ]X H$a`mMm H$S>dm `Z hm{Vm{. AmO qhXw, _wgb_mZ, erI, oZ, OS>dmXr ZmpVH$ B`mXr gd Y_m`m/odMmaga`m`m AZw`m`m[H$s [wH$imMm dmg Agm MwH$s`m oXemZr Mmby Amh{. Y_gXm`m_Yrb A>hmgm`m odam{YmV Vk d Cm{OH$ C^{ amhVmV Va Y_gXm`m`m ZrVr-oZ`_m`m AmoU gm_moOH$-AmoWH$ `dhmam`m odam{YmV (Y_gm{`m odam{YmV) g_mOemk, odMmadV, amOZroVk C^{ amhVmV. `mCbQ> `$sdmXr Midit`m [a[amodam{Yr MiditZm VWmH$oWV Y_dmXr AmhmZ X{VmV. [aVw Om{[`V Vw`m MrVrZ{ m gd Y_gXm` g_WH$ AmoU odam{YH$mMr g H w $ oMVVm Z> hm{V Zmhr Vm{[`V g`mM{ Jm|YimM{ AmoU qhg{M{ dmVmdaU amhU{ gmhoOH$M Amh{, AQ>i Amh{. gd `$s`m Am_m{Vrbm ghZ{ && 136 && 137. [m{fH$, C[`w$ Ag{ o>H$m{Z, Ym{aU, `m{OZm, H$m`X{, oZ`_, gH{$V, KmV, AmMma, odMma (dmVmdaU) d `dhma CH$mV hm{U{ h{M g`Y_mM{ EH$_{d bjU Amh{ d Vw`m MrVZ{ V{ KSy> eH$V{. g`Y_$[r Aem Vw`m MrVrZ{ KS>Uma{ h{ emdV AmZXXm`r pW`Va gdH$ma`m H$m|S>_mam H$aUm`m ]YZm[mgyZ AmoU gd H$ma`m damMmam`m X]mdm[mgyZhr _w$ Ag{b. AZmJhr d ghOy$V Aer EH$s AmoU A`V gohUw Aer ododYVm `mMm gwa{I d _Zm{hmar gJ_ `m pW` V amV Ag{ b . `mM_mU{ [ew dmMr d g H w $ oMVdmMr [naUVr Am_gmjmH$mamV H$a`mM{ H$Qw>VmodaohV g_Vm{b d H$UIa `Z h{ g`Y_mMm `mdhmnaH$ AmodH$ma Aem `m pW` V amMm Aod^m` ^mJ AgVrb. odH$`mUH$mar d g`Y_$[r Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 530) oodH$_:$& oodH$_m` Z_:$& dm_Zm`m gJw U $[m_`{ VrZ _hmZ [mdbm V od `m[Umam [a V w VmodH$Q>m [XmW, D$Om, AdH$me, H$mi d OmoUdmMr gd j{{ [mXmH$mV H$aUmam. gd gMmar Aem Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. _hof: H$o[bmMm`: H$Vkm{: _{oXZr[oV:$& o[XoXem`jm{ _hmlJ: H$VmVH$V$&& 531) _hof: H$o[bmMm`:$& _hf`{ H$o[bmMm`` Z_:$& d`o$H$ emarnaH$ JaOm, dmgZm, ^mdZm, _Z, ]wr `m`m _`moXV kmZmZ{ (Aod{Z{) d ^mdmZ{ gHw$oMV d XwamJhr Z ]Zb{b{ AmoU gHw$oMV ApVd d OmoUdmM{ gd H$m{e [ma H$$Z [a_m_$[, [amVd$[ Vw`mer `jmV EH$$[ Pmb{b{ gm` VdkmZmM{ U{V{ H$o[b_hm_wZr VyM Amh{g. Vw`m MrVrMm _hm_mJ XmIodUm`m Vwbm eVe: H$Vk Um_ Agm{V. 532) H$Vk:$& H$Vkm` Z_:$& H{$b{b{, KS>b{b{ gd OmUUmam. gm`m g>rMm gmdYoMV Aearar H$Vm, oZ`Vm d kmVm VyM Amh{g. A` Q>m VwP{ ^$ `m`m gy_ d AMyH$ >r_wi{ g]oYVmMr `{H$ H$Vr BW^yV[U{ (H$Vr_mJrb h{Vy, ^mdZm, H$>) OmUVmV. `m H$VkV{Z{ oVgmXmMr d [a[ag]YmMr [mVir CXmm hm{V{. ^$mZm hr >r X{Umam d `mMrhr H$Vr AMyH$V{Z{ OmUUmam hUyZhr VyM Iam H$Vk Amh{g. Vwbm _Z:[ydH$ oU[mV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 137 && 138. 533) _{oXZr[oV:$& _{oXZr[V`{ Z_:$& [drMm [Vr. [drMm hUO{ doH$ [drVdmMm, OS> [XmWmMm d emarnaH$ OS> [XmWmMm AmYma, oZ`Vm, dm_r Vy Amh{g. Vwbm oZaVa Z_Z Agm{. 534) o[X:$& o[Xm` Z_:$& VrZ [mdb{ Q>mH$Umam qH$dm VrZ [X{ AgUmam. VrZ [X{ Agb{bm Jm`r _ Vy Amh{g. m _mMm AW/Ame` [yU[U{ bm{H$H$`mUH$mar d oZ[hV{Z{ ^ab{bm Amh{. `m`m O[mZ{ O[H$`mbm Am_ewrMm Am_MrVrMm AZw^d `{Vm{. dmgZm, ^mdZm d kmZ `m VrZhr [m``m Am{bmSy>Z O[H$Vm [a_m__` hm{Vm{. Jm`r _m_mU{M [wfgy$, JU[Vr AWderf, lrgy$, Vg{M BVa d{X_ AmoU F$Mm odoe> [VrZ{ hQ>`m OmVmV. _m_mU{M V AmoU ` `m`mhr odoe> [Vr Amh{V. `mM_mU{ `k, A>mJ `m{J, Am`wd}X, `m{oVf, JoUV, oe[H$bm dJa{ kmZm`m ododY emIm_Yrb V[erb [yU[U{ AmO`m odkmZm_mU{ V`ma Pmbm Zgmdm. Vm{ Am_kmZO` Agmdm. `mMm A`mg `mM [VrZ{ hm{U{ A`md`H$ Amh{. AmO`m dkmoZH$ [Vt_YyZ [wH$i AZwmnaV pWVrV oZH$mbmV oZK`mMr e`Vm Amh{. MrVr AmoU [wamd{, oV^m AmoU VH$, H$m` AmoU odMma, H$[Zm AmoU `j, `$s AmoU g_>r dJa|Vbr EH$m_Vm OmUyZ `m EH$m_ >rZ{ OJVmZmM g`H$ odH$`mU gmYy eH$V{. g`m`m g^_mdW{VyZ CH$mV hm`bm A` _mJ Zmhr. dmMZ, [R>U, b{IZ, CmaU, [wZ$s, odMma, H$[Zm, `mZ, qMVZ, oZoX`mg, AmMaU, [wZamMaU, oZarjU, g_agVm, EH$mJVm, AmWm, `m{J dJa{ AZ{H$ _mJmZr OrdZmbm J^Vm `{V OmV{. odmg qH$dm Aodmg Xm{hrhr ]mOybm R>{dyZ hUO{M [ydJhodaohV[U{ A`mg H{ $ bm Va C[am{ $ kmZ^ S > m a Iw b { hm{ B b M [a V w AmO`m _mZdr j_V{ b m oX`dmM{, kmZmM{ [I w$Q>Vrb. A` Q>m od`m[H$ VrZ [mdb{ Q>mH$Umam dm_ZmdVma h{ VwP{M gJwU $[. `mMm Ame` oVhr bm{H$ (OmoUd{`m [mV`m) d MamMa `m[Umam Agm Amh{. Vw`mMaUr _mO{ oU[mV Agm{V . 535) oXem`j:$& oXem`jm` Z_:$& VrZ XemMm A`j. gwfwVr, dZ AmoU OmJVr; C[Vr pWVr d ghma; ]m`mdWm, Vm`mdWm d dm[H$mi; V_m{JwU, aOm{JwU d gdJwU `m gd Xem AdWm_`{ VwPmM AodH$ma Amh{. Vw`m `m doeQ>m_wi{ ^$mZm gXmgdH$mi Vw`m MaUr AZwgYmZ R>{dVm `{V{ AmoU `m XemMm dm_r Agb{`m Vw`mer ghZ{ && 138 && 139. g_ag hm{Vm `{V{. Vwbm _Zm{^md{ dXZ Agm{. 536) _hmeJ:$& _hmeJm` Z_:$& H$[mVr gd [mUr Ag`mZ{ dV:`m qeJmbm gm`m OrdZmMr ZmH$m ]mYyZ g>rOrdZ dmMdUmam. _hm_`, _m{R>m _mgm. m gJwU AdVmam_`{ g[yU odm`m AVmZVa [whm odmMr C[mr KS>dyZ AmUUm`m Vw`m H$m`mM{ oXXeZ Amh{. O{hm gM`m_H$ KQ>Zm H$_r d{imV KS>VmV V{hm `mVyZ odmMr C[mr hm{V{. odm`m ghmam`m d{ir odKQ>Zm`m KQ>Zm KS>VmV. ghmamZVa [whm C[mr KS>dyZ AmUUmam _hm_` hUO{ gM`m_H$ KQ>ZmMr WiH$mim`m [m^y_rda AmIUr d _mS>Ur H$aUma{ H$mimVrV Vd. ghmamZVaMr AmoU C[mr[yduMr AdWm dUZ H$a`mgmR>r gd`m[r _hmgmJamMr C[_m oXb{br AgyZ `m pW`Va{ Zgb{`m AdW{VyZ [whm gM`m_H$ pW`VamVyZ od `jmV AmUUm`m Vwbm _m{R>m _memMr C[_m oXb{br Amh{. (A` >rZ{ [mhVm [dr`m BoVhmgmVrb erV`wJmbm _hmgmJa hQ>b{ AgyZ _mem[mgyZ [whm g>rMm odH$mg gw$ Pmbm Agmhr AW oZKy eH$Vm{. [aVw `m AWmVyZ C[mr pWVr odb`mMr AmdVZ{, oXXoeV hm{V ZmhrV.) `$s`m O_ d _`y`m gX^mV Vw`m `m doeQ>mbm AZ`gmYmaU _hd Amh{. OmoUd{`m C`ZmZ{ Vw`m `m doeQ>mMr MrVr `{V{. Vd$[ Pm`mZ{ dV:`m "Am_Zm [wnaV od _hmH$[m]wZm `Wm_' hUO{ b`Obm_mU{ Agb{bm _r gd`m[r Amh{ Aer gd`m[r AOam_a ApVdmMr MrVr d mr hm{V{. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 537) H$VmVH$V$& H$VmVH$V{ Z_:$& ghmaH$Vm. ghmamMm dm_r. ghmamda AoYgmm Agb{bm. gHw$oMV ]m]tda d gHw$oMV OrdZmda ghma AoYgmm JmOdVm{ `m_wi{ Agm _mUyg H$mimMm Jwbm_ AgVm{. [aVw ghma KS>dU{ d _m{Sy>Z H$mT>U{, qH$]hZm ghmamM{ ApVdM jwV_ Ag` ]ZdU{, h{ gma{, Om{ A_adm_wi{ ghOV{Z{ H$aVm{ Vm{ Vy Amh{g. odb`mbm EH$ N>m{Q>{g{ d jU^Jwa pW`Va ]ZdUm`m d `$s`m _`ybmhr EH$ dadaM{ CWi d$[mM{ pW`Va ]ZdUm`m Vw`m MrVr_wi{ Vwbm H$VmVH$V hUVmV. _`yMmhr _`y Aem Vw`m oMVr_wi{ eara `mJmMr o^Vr d Vm` AgwaojVVm Z> hm{D$Z oZ^`V{Mm AZw^d `{Vm{ d `o$OrdZmMm Vm{ H$m`_Mm d ^$_ AmYma d [by ]ZVm{.C[mr, pWVr, ghma, ghmamZVaMr pWVr h{ gd `m[Um`m d gdmda oZ`U R>{dUm`m Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{. ghZ{ && 139 && 140. _hmdamhm{ Jm{odX gwf{U H$ZH$mJXr$& Jwm{ J^ram{ JhZm{ JwMH$JXmYa$& 538) _hmdamh$& _hmdamhm` Z_$& oha`mjmZ{ O{hm [dr [iodbr d g_wmV Z{br V{hm oVbm dmMdUmam damhmdVma. m Vw`m gJwU [mVyZhr Ordg>rM{ b`H$mir ajU H$aUma{ H$m`M oXXoeV H{$b{b{ Amh{.BW{hr pW`VaodaohV AdWm d [wZ[Vr A`mV Amh{. (A` >rZ{, BW{hr erV`wJmMr AdWm d `mVyZ Ordg>rbm dmMdUma{ VwP{ H$m` _hdmM{ Amh{.g>r odH$mgm`m H$_m_`{ ZVa`m erVb`m`m d{ir H{$di amZSw>$a d A` MVw[mX mUr gd hm{V{ d oQ>H$b{ AZ [wT>{ `m`m[mgyZ g>r odH$ogV Pmbr Agmhr AW oZKy eH$Vm{. [aVw `mVyZhr C[Vr, pWVr, b`m`m AmdVZmM{ XeZ hm{V Zmhr. `mM_mU{ AdVma AmoU Ordemr` CH$mVr `mMm _{i KmbU{ hm H$o_ A>hmg AgyZ _mg{ qH$dm Sw>$a h{ mUr (AdVma H$[Z{bm AZw`yV Agb{br ) oZ`H$ d H$`mMr ^yo_H$m ]OmdV ZmhrV. gdH$mir d gd [napWVrV d gd gMma H$aUma{ mUr Ag`mZ{ go>oZo_Vr`m H$m`m`m oZ``mM{ [ dUZ H$a`mgmR>r hr [H{$ dm[abr J{b{br AgU{M VH$gJV Amh{. mM H$maUmZ{ BVa H$m`m`m dUZmgmR>r d AdVmamgmR>r BVa [H{$ dm[a`mV Amb{br AgyZ gm_oOH$ gw`dW{`m H$m`m`m gX^mV E{oVhmogH$ `$s AdVma ]Zd`mV Am`m Amh{V. AdVma dUZm_`{ _mgm, H$mgd, damh, Zmaqgh m`m_mU{M VrZ _wI{ Agb{`m XmmMm AZ XmeaWr am_, dJa|Mmhr g_md{e Amh{.) od`m[ma`m `m[H$ ododYmJr oZ`UmgmR>rM Zh{ Va `o$OrdZm`m `m[H$ oZ` UmgmR>rhr `mVrb H$mhr [H{ $ g_[ H $ R>aVmV. CXmhaUmW `o$OrdZmbm ^dgmJamVyZ VmaUmam (_mgm ) _mmamy_`{ hm{mm`m gd{XZm`m _WZmg AmYma X{Umam (H$mgd ) oJwUm_H$ oJwUmVrV (Xm ) VrZ [mdbmZr oVhr bm{H$ OmoUd{`m oVhr AdWm `m[Umam (dm_Z ) gd gOrdmVrb EH$d AmoU [ewdmdarb _mV gm` H$aUmam Am_kmZr Zmaogh dJa{. `m gd ]m]tMm _oWVmW Agm H$s d{Jd{J`m AdVmamMr dUZ{, doH$ AmoU dod`[yU oZ`H$ [by CKS> H$Z VwP{ d[ AoYH$ [>[U{ XmIod`mgmR>rM H$a`mV Ambr Amh{V. Vw`mMaUr _mP{ _VH$ Agm{. 539) Jm{qdX$& Jm{qdXm` Z_$& d{XmVmma{ OmUVm `{`mOm{Jm. d{XmV hr VwPr dmUr Amh{. hr Vwbm OmU`mgmR>r A`V C[`w$ d _mJXeH$ Amh{. _hof`m X`mH$memVyZ [amdmUrVyZ JQ> hm{Um`m ghZ{ && 140 && 141. Vw`m dmUr`m A`mgmZ{ ^$m`m X`mVhr Vy JQ> hm{Vm{g, MrVr X{Vm{g d `m`m dmUrZ{hr dV: ]m{bVm{g. Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. 540) gwf{U:$& gwf{Um` Z_:$& _Zm{ha g{Zm Agb{bm. gma od AmoU `$sM ApVd h{ VwP gm_m` AgyZ gd-aO-V_ `m JwUm`m ma{ Vy `mM oZ`U H$aVm{g. VrZ JwU hUO{ VwPr g{Zm hm{`. hr gd`m[r d ^mdr Amh{, Cm_ Amh{. hUyZ Vwbm gwf{U: hUVmV. A` Q>m [moh`mg VrZ JwUm`m AmYma{M kmZ hm{V{. [U V{ Aodm_` AgV{. [U Aodm_` kmZmVyZ [wT>{ `WmW kmZ CX^dV{. `m_wi{ `m JwUg{Z{`mM ma{ od`m[ma d _Zm{`m[ma H$aUma{ _hVVd d _Z em{fyZ K{D$Z, `WmW kmZ X{Umam hUyZhr Vy _Zm{ha g{Zm Agb{bm Amh{g. g[yU OrdZmM{, `mVrb gd AZw^dmM{ H$maU d h{Vy, VwPr mr d gHw$oMV ApVdmMr g_mr h{M Amh{. Vwbm _mP{ gm>mJ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 541) H$ZH$mSJXr$& H$ZH$mJoXZ{ Z_:$& gm{`mMr ]mh^yfU{ AgUmam. Vw`m gJwU dUZmV hr doeQ>{ `{VmV. `mMm _oWVmW Am_kmZ$[r VwPr, od d eara hr _y`dmZ [aVw Xw`_ Am^yfU{ hm{V. Aer gm{`mMr ^yfU{ [naYmZ H$aUm`m Vwbm gm>mJ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 542) Jw:$& Jwm` Z_:$& hUO{ JyT>, Jw, ah`_`. X{h]wr AmoU M_MjyZm AmH$bZ Z hm{Umam hUyZ Vwbm Jw: hUVmV. AmOVmJm`V Hw$Umbmhr, AJXr C[oZfXH$mamZmhr X{h]wr d M_Mjy`m [mVirda AmH$bZ Pmbm Zmhrg hUyZ Vwbm Jw: hUVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 543) J^ra$& J^ram`$& Z_$& hUO{ A`V J^ d AZmH$bZr`. AV`m_r AgyZhr Vwbm AZmH$bZr` hUVmV. H$maU `$sZ{ Vwbm OmUU{{ hUO{ o_R>m`m ]mhbrZ{ g_wmbm OmU`mgmaI{ Amh{. `m_mU{ o_R>mMr ]mhbr g_wmM{ _m[Z H$a`mgmR>r J{br H$s dV Z> hm{V{, `mM_mU{ Vwbm OmU`mMm `Z H$aUmam Vw`m_`{ odbrZ hm{Vm{, Vwbm OmUU{ Ae` hm{V{. Xwg`m X>rZ{ `m_mU{ o_R>mMr ]mhbr g_wm[mgyZ V`ma hm{V{ `mM_mU{ `$sM{ ApVd d OmoUdm X{Irb Vw`m[mgyZM V`ma hm{VmV,`m_wi{ o_R>mMr ]mhbr Agm{ H$s _mUyg, dV`m o[`mM CJ_ [mh eH$V ghZ{ && 141 && 142. ZmhrV, hUyZ Vbm OmUy eH$V ZmhrV. d{J`m AJmZ{ [moh`mg VVd[ Pmb{bm ^$ CV_ [mVir_wi{CWi Ao^Mr, gdJ AmdS> AmoU N>Mm{a dVt[mgyZ _w$ AgVm{. `m`m OrdZmV ]{MZrMm H$m{bmhb d dmgZ{Mm JXmam{i ahmV Zmhr. Vm{ A`V emV, JV d J^ra ]ZVm{. hUyZhr J^ra h{ VwP{ Zmd gmW Amh{. Vw`m ^$mM{ `o$_d dIdIb{b{, _mJUma{ amhV Zmhr. V{ Xm`mM{ g_mYmZr `o$_d ]ZV{. oMaVZ gV{Mm XmVm Agb{`m Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 544) JhZ$& JhZm` Z_$& g_O`mg H$R>rU. AqM`. gy_moVgy_ d Jw Ag`mZ{ `m`m_`{ OmUrd-]wr oe eH$V Zmhr d odembmV odemb d d{JdmZ Ag`mZ{ ]wr_`{ Om{ gm_mdbm OmV Zmhr Vm{ Vy Amh{g. H{$di Vw`mM H$[{Z{ oZH$[Q> dVr, oZgr_ ^$s, pZdmW ^md, oZ[h d^md, g_[UmMr H$Vr h{ gma{ m hm{VmV. Vw`m {_m_`{ ^$ VXmH$ma hm{Vm{. Vwbm H$Vk oU[mV Agm{V. 545) Jw$& Jwm` Z_$& b[b{bm. `{H$ MamMam`m AV`m_r Agb{bm d `m_wi{ M_MjyZm _Z- ]wr-odMma `m`m >rbmhr Z oXgUmam Ag`mZ{ Vwbm Jw hUVmV. AmoU AV]m gd `m[Uma{ VwP{ ApVd VabV_ Ag`mZ{ X{h]wr, AhH$ma, Jd, _m{h, Xwamo^_mZ, ^` gHw$oMV dmgZm, ^mdZm, odMma AmoU H$Vr Agb{`mZm Vy oXgV Zmhrg. Vwbm _Z[ydH$ dXZ Agm{. 546) MH$JXmYa$& MH$JXmYam` Z_$& MH$ AmoU JXm YmaU H$aUmam. eI, MH$, JXm AmoU [ YmaU H$aUm`m Vw`m gJwU [m_mJrb ah` `$r`m d odm`m emdV H$`mUmer oZJoS>V Amh{. d{J`m AWmZ{ [moh`mg `$s_Yrb _ybmYma, dmoY>mZ, _oU[ya, AZmhV, odewm, Amkm AmoU ghma MH{$ AmoU gy`ZmS>r, MZmS>r gwfZmZmS>r [mVrb JXm, Hw$S>obZr OmJVrZ{ MrVrg `{Umam AZmhV dZr (eI) AmoU Am_gmjmH$ma[r AmerdmX (H$_i ) YmaU H$aUmam j{k Am_m Vy Amh{g. A` Q>m dVr[ [amdmUrMm eI, gX]wr[ JXm YaUmam d Am_kmZmM{ H$_i YaUmam Hy$Q>W Ba Vy Amh{g. odm`m gX^mV Am|H$ma e] (eI ) gy`_mbmXr[mgyZ (oeew_maMH$ ) V{ AUwa{UyVrb MH$m[`V d `wJmdVm[mgyZ V{ gy_oVgy_ C[oV-pWVr-ghmamMr MH{$ (MH$ ) AmoU odgH$[ZmMr JXm d gdkV{M{ H$_i YmaU H$aUmam Vy Amh{g . `mM_mU{ gmjmV H$mi[r JXm AmoU ghZ{ && 142 && 143. Vw`m mrMm AmerdmX (H$_i ) YmaU H$aUmam odoZ`Vm Ba Vy Amh{,. `$s d odmM{ H$`mU H$aUm`m Vwbm ^md[yU Z_Z Agm{. d{Ym dmJm{@oOV H$Um{ T> gH$fUm{@`wV$& dUm{ dmUm{ dj [wH$amjm{ _hm_Zm$&& 547) d{Y$& d{Yg{ Z_$& odmMm oZ_mVm. `mM{ gJwU [ ]X{d Amh{. g>rVrb MamMa AUwa{Uw, KQ>Zm, OrdZ, JVr, ^mdZm, OmUrd, Am_kmZ, H$Vr `m gdmMm oZ_mUH$Vm Vy Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ XS>dV Agm{V. 548) dmJ$& dmJm` Z_$& A`V gwXa. _mU] eara Agb{bm d dVM gmYZ[ Agb{bm. Vy odmoZ_mVm AgyZ odoZo_Vrbm bmJUma{ gmYZ-H$m _mb hr VyM Amh{g. Vg{M odoZo_VrM{ `hr VyM Amh{g. dV odoZ_mVm, oZ`Vm, odm_H$ AmoU od[ Agm Vy gdVm{[ar A`V gmX`dmZ Amh{g, _Zm{a_ Amh{g. h{M Xeod`mgmR>r VwP{ gwXa gJwU [ d `mM{ dUZ Amh{. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 549) AoOV$& AoOVm` Z_$& H$Yrhr [am^yV Z hm{Umam. ewV_ kmZe$s, IaV_ BN>me$s AmoU gdmoYH$ oH$`me$sMm oMaVZ _ybm{V d AIS> _ybmYma Vy Amh{g. Aodm _m`{H$Sy>Z, [medr dmrH$Sy>Z AmoU qhgm e$sH$Sy>Z H$Yrhr ^> d [am^yV d hm{Umam hUyZ Vwbm AoOV hUVmV. VwP{ ^$hr Ag{M AgVmV. Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 550) H$U$& H$Um` Z_$& dgwX{d-X{dH$sMm [w H$U h{ VwP{M gJwU [ hm{`. dVwV OrdZod{Mm _hmZ C[X{e X{Uma{ _hm^maV obohUma{ _hfu `mg, H$U, AOwZ hr VwPrM [{ hm{V. A` Q>m H$U hUO{ H$mim. kmZgy` Agb{bm d AV]m gd `m[Umam Vy gy`H$mem_mU{ M_MjwZm oXgUmam (dmVodH$ gy`H$meX{Irb A`M AgVm{ ) H$me Zmhrg.AVjwMm H$me Amh{g. `mM_mU{ gHw$oMV dmgZm, ^mdZm, odMma, H$[Zm AmoU ]wrZ{ Vy H$Yrhr AmH$bZ H{$bm OmD$ eH$V Zmhrg. kmV hm{V Zmhrg. hUyZ T>mWmZ{ H$me Zg`m_wi{ AmoU kmV Z hm{V Ag`mZ{ Vwbm H $ U hUVmV. Vwbm eVe oU[mV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 143 && 144. 551) T>$& T>m` Z_$& ^$_, AMb Agm. Vwbm Vw`m odembV_wi{, gy_V{_wi{, d{JdmZV{_wi{ d VabV{_wi{ $m{S>Vm `{V Zmhr. VwP{ odKQ>Z H$amVm `{V Zmhr. `mM_mU{ JoUVr ]wrZ{hr Vwbm od^mJmV `{V Zmhr. `m_wi{ Vy gdVm{[ar T>(I]ra ) Amh{g. H$mbmVrV Ag`mZ{ Vw`mda H$mimMm [naUm_ hm{V Zmhr, H$mimMr JXm MmbV Zmhr. `m_wi{ Vy oZaVa A^modV AmoU AMb T> Amh{g. Aod{`m VS>m`mZ{ T>{[miUm`m, M$mMya hm{Um`m, _m`{`m PPmdmVmZ{ $m{b$Q>m_mU{ o^ao^aUm`m d ^aH$Q>Um`m, X{h]wrZ{ ob Ag`mZ{ Xw]`m ]ZyZ aIS>Um`m Vw`m MMb ^$mZm VyM AMb d oMaVZ AmYma X{Vm{g. Vwbm H$m{Q>r H$m{Q>r Um_ Agm{V. 552) gH$fUm{@`wV$& gH$fUm{@`wVm` Z_$& `m_`{ gdH$mhr odb` [mdV{ [aVw `mMm dVMm H$Yrhr odb` hm{V Zmhr d Om{ H$Yrhr dWmZm[mgyZ d dV`m H$m`m[mgyZ T>iV Zmhr Agm. C[Vr, pWVr d odb`mMr gd pW`Va{ AZ H$mimbmhr gm_mdUm`m, pW`VamVrV d H$mimVrV Aem Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 553) dU$& dUm` Z_$& AVH$mbrZ gy`. oXdgmMm gy` d AV[mZ`m gy` `m [H$mVyZ AZwH$_{ kmZH$me X{Umam (hUO{ Aodm Xya H$aUmam ) AmoU kmZH$me dV_`{ em{fyZ K{Umam (hUO{M Aod{`m dmVmdaUmV OrdmZm ] H$aUmam ) "kmZ' gy` Ao^{V Amh{. dU hUO{ OrdmZm Aod{V ] R>{dUmam "kmZ' gy` VyM Amh{g. Vwbm Vw`m `m [mVhr ^$ A`V AmVV{Z{ AmidVmV. Vy oXb{b{ XwI d gwI VwP{ OmUyZ Vw`mM MaUr A[U H$aVmV. dU `mMm Xwgam AW ObX{dVm, g_wX{dVm. `mMm JwmW hUO{ ObVdmMm dm_r. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 554) dmU$& dmUm` Z_$& dUmM{ [w. AJ` AmoU dog> F$of h{ dUmM{ [w hUO{ VwP{M AmodH$ma Ag{ hQ>b{ Amh{. m Xm{Z gJwUm [m_`{ Vwbm [mh`mM{ H$maU `m Xm{KmM{ ]kmZ[yU ApVd hm{`. ^$X`mVyZ AmoU ^$OrdZH$m`mVyZ dVMm odhJ_ AmodH$ma H$aUm`m Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 555) dj$& djm` Z_$& `m ZmdmZ{ oMaVZ Aem AW djmM{ _aU H$a`mV Amb{ Amh{. `mMr _wi{ ghZ{ && 144 && 145. OmoUd{`m gdm} VamV AgyZ `mMm emImodVma odmVrb AUwa{Uy`m [mV hm{Vm{ Vm{ AZmoX AZV AW dj VyM Amh{g m djmM{ _yi H$m[`mZVa [mhUmam _ybmYmahr VyM Amh{g. H$maU VyM odmM{ _yi AmoU odmVa]m Agb{bm od[m_H$ Agm AWdj d `mMm emIodVmahr Amh{g. Vbm eVe Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 556) [wH$amj$& [wH$mamjm` Z_$& gJwU [m_`{ H$_im_mU{ gwXa S>m{i{ Agb{bm AmoU VmodH$Q`m AmH$me- AVami h{ `mM{ S>m{i{ Amh{V Agm. MamMamM{ AVaJ `m[Uma{ AVami h{hr Vw`m ZOa{gmR>r dm[ab{b{ [H$M Amh{. dVwV VwP{ S>m{i{ OmoUd{`m CV_ Vamda H$m`aV AgyZ Wi-H$mimXr gdM `m[VmV, [mhVmV d oZ`oVhr H$aVmV. `m [H$mZr oZJwU, oZamH$ma d gdeo$_mZ Aem VwPr Wm{S>r$ma H$[Zm `{V{. Vw`mMaUr oZaVa bm{Q>mJU amhm{. 557) _hm_Zm$& _hm_Zg{ Z_$& hUO{ odembV_ _Z Agb{ b m. Aearar d H$mbmVrV Aem Vw `m odgH$[mgmR>r d Vw`m gd`m[r, gdoZ`H$ AmoU [^mdr H$m`mgmR>r odembV_ _ZmMr H$[Zm H$a`mV Ambr Ag{ Zh{. od AM{VZ g_OU{ hrM J$bV Amh{. "dV'`m OmoUd{bm AV]m `m[Umar doH$ OmUrd Amh{ `mMr MrVr `{VmM _hm_Z `m ZmdmVrb gmWH$Vm g_OV{. `m_wi{ Vy MrVrMm odf` Amh{g, l{Mm Zh{. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. ^JdmZ ^Jhm ZXr dZ_mbr hbm`wY:$& AmoX`m{ `m{oVamoX`: gohUwJoVgm_:$& 558) ^JdmZ$& ^JdV{ Z_:$& [mamoUH$Q>m ^JdmZ hUO{ E{`, gm_`, Y_, H$sVu, kmZ d dam` AgUmam. `mM_mU{ MamMam`m C[mr, pWVr d AVmMm kmVm AmoU Am_kmZ d Aodm (X{h]wrO` kmZ) `mMm XmVm. hr gmar doH$ [mVirda Vw`m[mer Amh{V Va d`o$H$ [mVirda ^$m[mer AgVmV. Vw`m g_r[V{_wi{ `m`m[mer gdm} kmZ, gdm}` gm_`, gdm} Y_ (od d `$sM{ oZ`U H$aUmar Vd{), gdm}m_ H$sVu (H$maU C[mYraohV Aem Vw`m_`{ Xm{fM Zmhr [U ^md _m gd Amh{), gdm} E{` (odm_H$ d^d VwP{M Amh{) d [amH$m{Q>rM{ dam` (H$maU o_id`mgmaI{ Vw`mgmR>r H$mhrhr oeH$M amohb{b{ ZgV{) AgVmV. Vwbm ghZ{ && 145 && 146. ^o$[ydH$ oU[mV Agm{V. 559) ^Jhm$& ^JZ{ Z_:$& gd dV:_`{ em{fUmam. gd H$mhr AI{a Vw`m_`{ odbrZ hm{V{. `mM_mU{ Vwbm Hw$Urhr AmH$fyZ qH$dm em{fyZ K{D$ eH$V Zmhr. gma{ odH$_X{Irb Om{ em{fyZ K{D$ eH$Vm{ d H$m{U`mhr ]m]rZ{ AmH$ofbm OmD$ eH$V Zmhr Agm Vy Vw`m ^$mZmhr VwPr MS> AmH$fUe$s X{Vm{g. V{ H$mim`m PPmdmVmZ{ H$YrM ^modV Z hm{Vm CbQ> gm`m odmM{M ^m` KS>odUma{ `wJ[wf hm{VmV. V{ CmMr Aghm`V{[U{ dmQ> ]KUma{ _` Ord amhV ZmhrV Va CmMr [hmQ> KS>dUma{ `wJgy` ]ZVmV. Vwbm H$Vk dXZ Agm{. 560) AmZXr$& AmZpXZ{ Z_:$& gdm}m_ AmZXmZ{ H$m`_ ^ab{bm. Vy AkmZO` Xw:ImZ{ H$YrM ob hm{V Zmhrg d Am_kmZm`m gm_`mZ{ gdmda gmm JmOdVm{g `m_wi{ Z{h_rM AmZXr AgVm{g. dV:`m ^$mZmhr Ag{M oMaVZ AmZXH$memM{ Xr[V^ ]ZdUm`m Vwbm AmoU gmmH$mjm Zgb{`m Vw`m ^$mZm Z_ Z_Z Agm{. 561) dZ_mbr$& dZ_mobZ{ Z_:$& dZ_mbr hUO{ J`mV w $ bm-[mZm M r _mi KmbUmam. gJw U $[mV dO`Vr_mbm YmaU H$a`mMm _oWVmW [M_hm^yVmZm YmaU H$aUmam emdV [a_m_m hm hm{`. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 562) hbm`wY:$& hbm`wYm` Z_:$& ZmJa h{ `mM Am`wY (h`ma) Amh{ Agm ]bam_ qH$dm ]b^. ZmJa h{ gOZerbV{M{, C[mXH$V{M{ VrH$ Amh{. oZo_Vr oH$`{Mm oZ`Vm Ag`mZ{ e{VH$ar Cm_ o[H$mgmR>r ]bam_ m Vw`m gJwU $[mMr [yOm H$aVmV. dmVodH$ `mZr oZo_Vrj_Vm AJr ]mUdyZ Vw`m oZo_Vrj_V{Mr, gOZerbV{Mr [yOm H$aU{ Vw`m C[X{embm Y$Z hm{Bb. H$maU JrV{V $bmg$saohV H$_mMr Vy oeH$dU oXbr Amh{g. `$sZ{ dV:`m H$m`m_`{ oZo_Vrj_Vm, gOZerbVm, H$me`, AMwH$Vm, gy_>r, Hw$emJ]wr, g`md{ofd, AgHw$oMVVm, `o$dmVrVVm, h{ Jw U ]mUdmd{ hm `m oeH$dUrMm _oWVmW Amh{ . H$maU `m Jw U m V y Z , $bmg$s]am{]a AgUmar `mMH$Vm d [amYrZVm OmD$Z d`[yUVm `{V{. `m JwUmZr gH$[ewr hm{V OmV{ AmoU gH$[ AMyH$ hm{V OmVm{. gH$[ AMyH$ Pmbm H$s ghZ{ && 146 && 147. H$m`Hw$ebVm d gOZerbVm A`V odH$ogV hm{V OmD$Z H$m`mbm Cm_m{m_ odH$`mUm`m $imMr mr hm{ V { . $bmg$s gm{ S y > Z H$_ H$a`mVrb (H$_`m{JmVrb) h{ V` gdl{> Amh{. $bmg$s hUO{ ]{S>m Amh{V. Pm[S>{ Amh{V. AYmaH$m{R>S>r Amh{. $bmg$s_wi{ gH$[ewrMr oH$`m Oer H$m`aV hm{V Zmhr, `mM_mU{ H$me` AmoU mdr` g[mXZmMr oH$`mhr d{J K{V Zmhr. hr ]m] odH$`mUm`m ]m]VrVhr bmJy [S>V{. odH$`mU m $imMr Amg$s X{Irb odH$`mUH$mar H$m`mMr Hw$ebVm d AMwH$Vm Wm{[dy eH$V{ d odH$`mUm`m Amg$s_`{ odH$`mUH$mar H$m`mMm odH$mg am{Iy eH$V{. mbm dkmoZH$ H$maU Ag{ H$s Amg$s h{ AkmZ d [amYrZVm `mM{ bjU Amh{. `m jUr odH$`mUm`m gH$[m_`{ Amg$s `{V{ `m jUr Ag g_Omd H$s odH$`mUmMm "Vm{' gH$[ d`o$H$ ]wr d H$[ZmZr _`moXV AmoU Am_kmZodaohV d hUyZ dmP R>aU{ Vg{M `mgmR>r H{$b{b{ H$m` AHw$eb AmoU Ag$b R>aU{ AmoU $bmr Z o_im`mZ{ hm{Um`m A[{jm^JmZ{ X` odoXU hm{U{ H$_m Amh{. dV:Mr d OJmMr pWVr gwYma`mMm `Z H$aUm`mZr hr ]m] ZrQ> g_OmdyZ K{U{ A`md`H$ Amh{. "$bmg$s ZmH$maU{' hUO{ $i ZmH$maU{ Zh{. "$bmg$s ZmH$maU{' hUO{ gH$[ AmoU H$m` gdmoYH$ ^mdr, [naUm_H$maH$ d $bXm`r ]Zd`mMm _mJ Amh{. _mZdmbm _wo$[I X{Um`m Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 563) AmoX`:$& AmoX`m` Z_:$& AmoXVrMm _wbJm, dm_Z. ]iramOmM{ gdd ohamdyZ K{V`mZVa `m`m XadmOm]mh{a odUy ma[mb hUyZ amohbm Aer H$Wm Amh{. `m AdVmamMm d `m H$W{Mm ^mdmW Agm H$s Vy `$sM{ gHw$oMV AmoU jw Ag{ gdd ohamdyZ K{Vm{g. [U EH$Xm `$s Vx[ Pmbr H$s odm_H$ Agm Vy oV`m AmYrZ hm{Vm{g. AmoX` `mMm Xwgam AW gy`. gm`m OrdZmMm AmYma gy` Vy Amh{g d g[yU kmZH$memMm CJ_ d H$Vmhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 564) `m{oVamoX`:$& `m{oVamoX`m` Z_:$& gy`m`m AV]m V{OmMm d kmZgy`m`m kmZV{OmMmhr CJ_ AmoU H$Vm VyM Amh{g. `m_wi{ g[yU odmbm M{VZm d kmZM{VZm X{Um`m V{Om{_` gy`m`m gm{Z{ar H|$m_`{ ]gb{bm Zmam`U h{ VwP{ `mZ VdZr`, mWZr` d gVV qMVZr` Amh{. Vwbm oZaVa Z_Z Agm{. ghZ{ && 147 && 148. 565) gohUw:$& gohUd{ Z_:$& gohUw: hUO{ ghZerb. ""H$m{UVmhr A``m oZ_yQ>[U{ ghZ H$aUmam Xw]im, Aghm` Ord'' hm ghZerbV{bm m Pmb{bm AW `m ZmdmV Ao^{V Zmhr. em{fU drH$maU{ AmoU hVme[U{, oZame _ZmZ{ nZpH$` ]ZU{ hUO{ gohUwVm Zh{. H$mbmVrV ApVdm_wi{ `wJmVamM{ VS>mI{ `mbm [ey eH$V ZmhrV d `mbm H$Yrhr H$m{U`mhr H$ma{ ^modV H$$ eH$V ZmhrV qH$]hwZm O{ `m`mH$Sy>Z oZo_b{ J{b{b{ d oZ`oV H{$b{ J{b{b{ AgVmV d `mM{ ^$ H$m{U`mhr ^`mZH$ Xw:Im`m d gwIm`m gJmZ{ Jb]byZ OmV ZmhrV Aghm` hm{V ZmhrV d Z{h_rM g_>r, ew, I]ra AmoU g_Vm{b AgVmV Agm [a_{a Vy Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 566) JoVgm_:$& JoVgm_m` Z_:$& AoV_ AdWm, d{J, oXem d _mJ. gm`m odmMr AmoU `$sMrhr gdm}m_ AoV_ AdWm, gd KS>Um`m KQ>Zm_mJrb {aUm, m KQ>ZmZm H$`mUmV Z{Umar oXem AmoU AoV_ H$`mUmMm _hm_mJ h{ gma{ Vy Amh{g. Vy JVrMrhr JVr, JVrMr oXem, JVrMr oXem oZoV H$aUmam _mJ AmoU `m ma{ hm{Uma{ odH$`mU `mMm H$Vm d oZ`Vmhr Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. gwYdm IS>[aewXmUm{ odUX:$& oXd[H$H$ gdH$`mgm{ dmM[oVa`m{oZO:$&& 567) gwYdm$& gwYdZ{ Z_:$& Cm_ YZw` YmaU H$aUmam. `m gJwU $[mVyZ Aearar AMyH$ kmZmZ{ d >rZ{ __^{X H$aUmam, Ag` KQ>ZmZm AMwH$V{Z{ gmYUmam, Vg{M gVV Am_d$[mMm d{Y K{Umam Agm AW AZw`yV Amh{. `mM_mU{ odH$`mUm`m gH$[mV H$m` H$aVmZm gH$[ d H$m` `mVrb V$mdV Xya H$a`mgmR>r AMyH$ d [naUm_H$maH$ S>md[{MmXr gmYZ{ dm[aUmam Agmhr AW AZw`yyV oXgVm{. H$maU `$s hUyZ H$m` H$aVmZm Wi, H$mim_mU{M dV:`m d BVam`m gm[{jV{Mm _`moXV odMma H$$Z H$m` [naUm_H$maH$ ]Zd`mgmR>r S>md[{MmXr `m{` gmYZ{ dm[aU{ gdm`m H$`mUmM{ AgV{. Vw`mMaUr odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 568) IS>[aew:$& IS>[aed{ Z_:$& [aew YmaU H$aUmam [aewam_. `m gJwU $[mMm _oWVmW V_m{JwU d aOm{JwU ghZ{ && 148 && 149. `mMm Zme H$aUmam AmoU gdJwUmma{, WdJwUmVrV ]V{OmMm gmjmH$ma KS>dUmam AV`m_r dgUmam [aewam_, Agm Amh{. Vwbm eVe: oU[mV Agm{V. 569) XmU:$& XmUm` Z_:$& ^`H$a. Aod{_wi{ C[ hm{Um`m AhH$ma, _X, X^, Xwao^_mZ, dmgZm, Amg$s, _m{h, ^rVr, AgwaojVVm, oZamem, H$miOr, qMVm, Agy`m, {f, _ga, Xw>[Um `mZr mgb{`mZm oZJwU-oZamH$ma Ag{ VwP{ ApVd ^`H$a dmQ>V{. Vw`m ^$mMr dam`[yU lr_Vr d oZ[hV{M{ E{` `m AkmZr bm{H$mZm AdW ]ZdV{. H$maU _mZogH$ Wybdm_wi{, Amigm_wi{, [Jwdm_wi{ `$sbm dV:`m gHw$oMV ApVdm`m AmH$bZmda g[yU odmg AgVm{. Vg{M ]wrZ{ em{Yb{`m T>m`mda (Patterns) dahr [amH$m{Q>rMr o^V AgV{. `m_wi{ m Aem `$sZm `m`m gH$[Z{V Z ]gUm`m H$m{U`mhr ]m]rZ{ AdWVm d ]{MZr `{V{. Aodmg d oVaH$ma dmQ>Vm{. [U oH$Vrhr ^`H$a dmQ>bmg Var VyM EH$_{d Agm oMaVZ gwImMm d odlmVrMm d^dg[ XmVm Amh{g. Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 570) odUX:$& odUXm` Z_:$& CXma XmVm. Vy Vw`m ^$mZm Am_d$[m`m kmZmM{ d gmjmH$mamM{ _hmZ XmZ X{Vm{g AmoU V{ Vd$[r g_ag Pm`mZVa Vw`m gH$[mV OJy bmJ`mZVa gmhoOH$M `mM{ gH$[ [yU H$aVm{g. Vwbm H$Vk Um_ Agm{V. 571) oXd:[H$$& oXd[e{ Z_:$& AmH$membm [e H$aUmam. gd [gab{`m AVamimbm gd oZH$Q>V{Z{ [e H$aUmam hUO{ H$mi Amh{. hUyZM AVami d H$mi AIS> Amh{V. gmjmV H$mi[wf VyM Amh{g. hUyZ Vwbm oXd:[H$ hUVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 572) gd`mg:$& gd`mgm` Z_:$& `mM{ Xm{Z AW Amh{V. EH$ hUO{ AZ{H$ Am_kmZr od^yVr oZ_mU H$aUmam AmoU Xwgam AW, gd OmUUmam `mg. Xm{Zhr AWmVyZ Am_kmZr F$fr, `m{Jr, gV d bm{H$m{ma [wfm_Yrb Vw`m ApVdmMr gmj [Q>V{. Vwbm d Vw`m `m gd AdVmamZm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 573) dmM[oVa`m{oZO:$& dmM[oVa`m{oZOm` Z_:$& `m{ZrdmQ>{ O_mbm Z Amb{bm Agm gdk. `m{ZrdmQ>{ O_mbm `{U{ hUO{ eara ghZ{ && 149 && 150. YmaU H$aU{. g[yU odmMm H$Vm AmoU oZ`Vm Agm Vy Aearar, oZJwU AmoU nZamH$maM Amh{g. `mM{ H$maU AmH$ma d JwU h{ ApVdm`m T>m{]i Vamdarb d X{h]wrJ` Amh{V. A` Q>m Vy A`m{oZO: Amh{g `mMm AW Vwbm Hw$Urhr oZ_mU H{$b{ Zmhr. H$maU Vy dV: H$m`H$maUmVrV Amh{g. Vwbm A`m{oZO: hQ>`mZVa Vw`m AdVmamMr gJVr H$er bmdm`Mr? AdVma h{ earam_`{ ] Ag`mZ{ `m{oZg^d: ZgVmV H$m? m eH{$M{ Cma Ag{ H$s Vw`m AdVmamMr Wyb eara{ `m{oZg^d: AgVmV. [aVw H{$di Wyb eara{ hUO{ `m`m ApVdmMm $maM Wm{S>m ^mJ hm{`. Am_kmZ, Am_MrVr d `mma{ KS>Uma{ `wJdVH$ H$m` hm AdVmam`m OrdZmMm _m{R>m ohgm hm{`. `m_wi{M O_m[mgyZ V{ _`y[`V V{ gdVm{[ar Vw`mer oZJoS>V AgVmV AmoU gHw$oMV ApVdmMm `mZm H$YrM odMma `{V Zmhr d X{h]wrMr H$m{UVrhr Om{IS>{, `m`m OmoUd{da dma ZgVmV. `m >rZ{ Vg{M gdk Ag`mZ{ Vy d Vw`m AdVmamZm A`m{oZO: dmM[oV: hUVmV. dmM[oVa`m{oZO: Aem Vwbm (AmoU Vw`m gd AdVmamZm) oZaVa dXZ Agm{. ogm_m gm_J: gm_ oZdmU ^{fO o^fH$$& g`mgH$N>_:emVm{ oZ>m empV:[am`U_$&& 574) ogm_m$& ogmZ{ Z_:$& Am_kmZr F$ftZr Am_d$[mM{ [amdmUrZ{ O{ dUZ H{$b{ AmoU `m`m oX` MjyZm O{ oXgb{ V{ Am_d$[ hUO{ d{X, hUO{ Vy. hUyZ Vwbm ogm_m hUO{ gm_d{XmXr oVhr d{XmZr moWb{bm d oVhr d{Xm_H$ Ag{ hUVmV. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 575) gm_J:$& gm_Jm` Z_:$& d{XmM{ Jm`Z H$aUma{ Am_kmZr F$fr hUO{ X{Irb VyM Amh{g. `m`m $[mZ{, VyM Vw`mH$S>{ [m{hm{M`mMm hm _mJ OJmbm X{V Ambm Amh{g. d{X F$ft`m gHw$oMV ]wrVyZ oZ_mU Pmb{ Zmhr hUyZ `mZm A[mf{` hUVmV. d{X [amdmUrVyZ w$ab{ hUyZ `mMm Aearar H$Vm VyM Amh{g hUyZhr V{ A[mf{`M R>aVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 576) gm_$& gmZ{ Z_:$& ewkmZ_` Agm d{XmVrb l{>V_ d{X gm_d{X. Vw`m H$m`_`m oZH$Q>V{_`{ Vwbm AIS> bm{Q>mJU Agm{. ghZ{ && 150 && 151. 577) oZdmU_$& oZdmUm` Z_:$& g[yU odm`m oZo_Vr, pWVr d ghmam`m oH$`m H$arV AgVmZm AmoU AdVma hUyZ earaY_ gm^miVmZm [yU[U{ _w$mdW{_`{ "d'V, "d'W AgUmam AmoU ^$OZmM{ gHw$oMV[U AmoU _m JiyZ [S>`mZVa qH$dm [nadoVV Pm`mZVa `mbm Or CXmmV_ d oMaVZ Am_MrVrMr _w$mdWm m hm{V{ Vr AdWm. Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 578) ^{fO_$& ^{fOm` Z_:$& AodmO` ggmaVm[m[mgyZ _w$ H$aUma{, jw BN>m AmoU gH$[mVyZ oZdm X{Uma{, d$[mdW{Mr AOam_a mr H$$Z X{Uma{, AkmZ_` Aghm` OrdZmMm gm_`g[ kmZmdW{_`{ H$m`m[mbQ> H$aUma{ gdl{> d EH$_{dmoVr` AmfY Vy Amh{g. Ia{ AmfY VyM. Vw`m`m{J{M gy_, Vab d I]ra oMmmdWm d pWVkmdWm `mZm gmYH$ m hm{Vm{. Vwbm H$Vk Um_ Agm{V. 579) o^fH$$& o^fO{ Z_:$& X{h]wrVyZ C[ hm{Um`m gHw$oMVV{_wi{ AZ{H$ `mVZm `$sbm ^m{Jm`m bmJVmV. `m ^m{JmZr OOa Pmb{`m [amdb]r d hV]b OZmZm `m`m_`{ oMaVZ Amam{`Xm`r pW`Va KS>dyZ AmUUma{ g`kmZm_V X{Umam d Vy Amh{g. AmOH$mb, gdgm_m`[U{ Amam{`mMr Or `m`m H{$br OmV{ `m_`{ Am`mp_H$ hm eX AV^yV H{$bm OmVm{, h{ Ia{. [aVw Am_kmZ h{M Ia{ Amam{` Amh{ `mMr MrVr ]hV{H$mZm ZgV{. emarnaH$ Amam{` hr oZoVM _hdmMr ]m] Agbr Var BVa H$m{U`mhr ^moVH$ ]m]r_mU{M emarnaH$ Amam{`mbmhr AoVna$ _hd X{U{ hUO{ dV:M dV:`m I`m ddmH$S>{ Xwbj H$a`mgmaI{ hUO{M A`moYH$ _hdm`m [byH$S>{ `yZVm X{`mgmaI{ Amh{. `m_mU{ A[KmVmV hmV[m` _m{S>b{`m ]{ew UmMm eQ> $mQ>bm Agbm Var W_ oedV ZmhrV, EdT>{M Zh{ Va hmVm[m`mH$S>{hr W_ bj X{V ZmhrV, Va W_ bj X{VmV V{ Ord dmMd`mH$S>{, `mM_mU{ dV:[mgyZ Xwamdb{`m gdVm{[ar OamOOa _mZdmbm oZH$m{[ dm`mgmR>r gdmV mYm`mZ{ AmO Ym{aU{ d `m{OZm_`{ Am_MrVr`m AmodH$mamMr JaO Amh{. EImm IwZr-]bmH$mar _mUgmMr emarnaH$ `mYr ]ar H$a`mgmR>r C[Mma H{$b{ OmD$ Z`{V Ag _wirM Zh{. [aVw `mMr emarnaH$ `mYr Xya H{$`m]b AmT>Vm o_adU{ d `m`m IwZr dmrgH$Q> Vm{ [wT>{ H$m` H$aVm{ `m]b [dmM Z H$aU{ Aem H$maMr pWVr Am_kmZm`m gmdoH$ A^mdm_wi{ ghZ{ && 151 && 152. V`ma hm{V{. AerM CXmhaU{ oejU-H$m`Xm dJa{ AZ{H$ j{m_`{hr Amh{V d g_mOm`m XwadW{bm IV[mUr KmbrV Amh{V. gm`m odmbm, _mZdr g_mOmbm AmoU `{H$ `$sbm mYm`mZ{ Amd`H$Vm Amh{ Vr Vw`m AmfYmMr. Am_kmZmMr. H$maU VyM kmZmM gm_`, oZ[hV{M{ d^d, bm{H$H$`mUH$mar _dVa KS>d`mMr j_Vm oZ_mU H$aUma AmfY X{Umam d Amh{g. Ia Amam{` X{Um`m Vw`m Am_kmZm$[r AmfYmMr AmO Vrd JaO Amh{. d`o$H$ [mVirda _mmamy_YyZM gd gd{XZmM{ KwgiU{ hm{V{, _WZ hm{V{. `mVyZ kmZm_V m hm{V{. m oH$`{Mm OZH$ d AVr A_V X{Umamhr VyM Amh{g. hm gd _oWVmW YdVar m Vw`m gJwU $[mV Ao^{V Amh{. Vwbm H$Vk Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 580) g`mgH$V$& g`mgH$V{ Z_:$& g`V. Aearar Ag`mZ{ gHw$oMV X{h]wrZ{ H$YrM ob Z hm{Umam d _m{hmZ{ OIS>bm Z OmUmam ghO`mJr, ghOog g`mgr. Vwbm Hw$UmMrM ^wai [S>V Zmhr. CbQ> gm`m _m{h_`r odmbmM VwPr ^wai [S>V{. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 581) e_:$& e_m` Z_:$& Vy dV:`m mVrV MV`_` AdW{V ^$mZm EH$$[ H$$Z `mZm odH$`mUH$mar H$oVdU emVVm X{Vm{g. hVme, Co, ^`^rV, AdW, ggma gm{S>b{b{ d ggmamV AS>H$b{b{ (g_mOH$maU, amOH$maU, Hw$Qw>]H$maU B`mXt_`{ Kmb_{b hm{Uma{) B`mXr gdmZm gH$m`{aH$, _hmVm[r d AT>i emVr XmZ H$aVm{g. Vw`mMaUr _mP{ _VH$ oZaVa brZ amhm{. 582) emV:$& emVm` Z_:$& Vy gX^md{aH$ gH$m`{aH$ d gH$m`H$maH$ Agm oMaVZ _hmemVrMm gmJa Amh{g. mVrV Aem Vw`m `m ApVdmMm gdmZm Iam AmYma Amh{. Vwbm _mP{ gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 583) oZ>m$& oZ>m` Z_:$& AoV_ JVr, [m`m, lm, pWaVm dJa{. od MMb Amh{. oMm, _Z, ]wr, AhH$ma h{ MMb Amh{. Vy Aearar AmoU `m gdm`m AVrV Amh{g, pWa Amh{g. hUO{M gma{ od d `$sM{ ApVd b`H$mir Vw`m_`{M odbrZ hm{V{ AmoU hUyZ od d `$s `mMm AV Pm`mZVa `m "d'$[r gw[U{ ]rO$[mZ{ ghZ{ && 152 && 153. amhVmV V{ Vy Amh{g. Vw`m `m A_a ApVdmMr X`mV`m_r Mmhb bmJbr H$s `-A`, qM`-AqM`, kmV-AkmV Aem gd ]m]tMm _m{h d Amg$s Z> hm{V{. gdd Vw`m dmYrZ H{$b OmV. AmoU VyM Vw`m oZ>{`m d$[mV ^$OrdZmV AdVaVm{g. Vw`m gVV _aUmV Vwbm AIS> Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 584) empV:$& emV`{ Z_:$& AdWVm Zg`mMr "d'W AdWm. gd od`m[mamMr d gmYH$m`m gmYZ{Mr [naUVr "d'WV{V hm{V{. Am_$[r pWa hm{`mV hm{V{. oOW{ hr "d'WVm `{V{ Vm{ "d' AmoU Vr "d'WVm Vy Amh{g. `wJdVH$ empV$[ Vwbm gXd dXZ Agm{. 585) [am`U_$& [am`Um` Z_:$& OrdZmM{ gdm} `{`, gdm} AdWm. X{h]wrO` Aghm` OrdZmMr AoV_ d l{>V_ [naUVr Vy Amh{g. gm`m odmMrhr AoV_, gdm} d oMaVZ AdWm Vy Amh{g. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. ew^mSJ: empVX: >m Hw$_wX: Hw$db{e`: & Jm{ohVm{ Jm{[oVJm}m df^mjm{ dfo`:$&& 586) ew^mS>J:$& ew^mSJZm` Z_:$& ew^ AJ AgUmam. Vw`m AVW ApVdmZ{ od ew^ ]Zb Amh{. `mM_mU{ Vw`m ApVdm`m gmjmH$mamZ{ ^$mM{ ApVd ew^ ]ZV{. Vw`m doH$ d `o$JV ApVdm`m qMVZmgmR>rM ^$ Vw`m gJwU _yVuMr [yOm H$arV Ag`mZ{ V{ gJwU $[ A`V ew^ AgV{. ew^H$maH$, ew^Xm`H$ d ew^gyMH$ AgV{. gdmM{ H$`mU H$aUma{ AgV{. jwdmVyZ CXmmV{H$S>{ AmoU Xw]i{[UmVyZ gm_`mH$S>{ Z{Uma{ AgV{. Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 587) empVX:$& empVXm` Z_:$& Vw`m H$[{Z{ emdV AmoU gm_`Xm`r emVrMm bm^ hm{Vm{. Vw`m gmjmH$mamZ{ X{h]wrO` (hUO{, emarnaH$, H$mQw>o]H$, ^mdoZH$, dMmnaH$, AmoWH$ [napWVrZw$[ H{$b{b{ qH$dm `mVrb EImm bm^mgmR>r H{$b{b{) odMma, `Z AmoU Vm` Vi_i, hihi, Xw : I, Agy ` m, Agw a ojVVm, Aghm`Vm, AdWVm, $I$I, qMVm, ^rVr, d{XZm, H$miOr, ]{MZr, Z> hm{VmV. kmZ_ybH$ ghZ{ && 153 && 154. d H$oVdU emVr X{Um`m Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 588) >m$& >{ Z_:$& ` AmoU A` ]Xbm`m AJm{Xa d ZVa amhUma{ Wm`r ApVd `m AWmZ{ Vy od AmoU d`o$H$ ApVdmMm oZ_mVm Amh{g. hUyZ Vwbm >m hUVmV. d`o$H$ OrdZmV Am_kmZ_` V{Odr AZw^yVrMr oZo_Vr H$aUmamhr Vy Amh{g. X`mV`m_r emV g`_` ApVd$[mZ{ MrVr X{Um`m Vwbm ^md[yU Z_Z Agm{. 589) Hw$_wX:$& Hw$_wXm` Z_:$& [wboH$V H$aUmam, H$_i, $[{ dJa{, gma{ od Vw`mM ^$sZ{ aJb{ Amh{ h{ AbH$mnaH$[U{ gmJVmZm Vwbm Hw$_wX: hQ>b{ Amh{. gm`m [drMr MV`_` d [a_[X$[r Aem Vw`mdarb ^$s (oOMm H$maH$hr VyM Amh{g) [drbm [wboH$V H$aV{ d H$_i$[mZ{ JQ> hm{V{. h{ ^o$O` Ag{ H$_i hUO{ Vy Agm Ame`. Vg{M ^$m`m gHw$oMV[UmMm AV hm{D$Z `m`m X`H$_bmV ew g`_` Aer VwPr ^$s C[OV{ `m AWmZ{hr Vwbm Hw$_wX: hQ>b{ Amh{. Vwbm _mP{ eVe: Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 590) Hw$db{e`:$& Hw$db{e`m` Z_:$& Hw$db hUO{ [mUr. [drbm d{T>Um`m [m`mda, e{fmda Pm{[Umam e{fem`r odUy. `mMm _oWVmW gm`m odmbm AV]m `m[Um`m H$mimda `m{JoZoVV{Z{ [hS>b{bm Ba Vy Amh{g. Hw$db{em`: `mMm Xwgam AW gw Hw$S>brZrerhr o_iVmOwiVm Amh{. `m{JemmZwgma Hw$S>obZrMr OmJVr Vw`m gmjmH$mamer oZJoS>V Amh{. Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 591) Jm{ohV:$& Jm{ohVm` Z_:$& Jm{ hUO{ [dr (Ordg>r/g>r/gd MamMa) AmoU Jm`. g[yU odmMm AmoU `$sMm Iam ohVH$Vm AmoU Jm`tM{ ohV, [mbZ-[m{fU, gdYZ d ajU H$aUmam `m Xm{hr Q>m Vwbm Jm{ohV: hUVmV. mMrZ H$mir Jm`tM{ _hd AZ`gmYmaU hm{V{. _mZdmM{ Amam{`, dmVmdaU, [m{fU, e{Vr `m gdM >rZr Jm` _hdmMr hm{Vr. `m [m^y_rda Jm`tM{ ohV V{M _Zw`mM{ ohV h{ g_rH$aU hm{V{. C[`w$Vm d ghOrdZmVrb AZ`mgmYmaU CXmm Ame` bjmV Am`mZ{ Jm{ajUmbm d Jm{[yOZmbmhr $ma _hd Amb{. _mUgm`m gdmJrU g_rM{ gdl{> oZXeH$ ghZ{ && 154 && 155. hUO{ Jm{YZ. `mM{ ajU d gdYZ H$aUmam Jm{ohV: hUO{ _mZdmbm gdl{> g_r X{Umam. [ydu`m H$mir dMmnaH$ d dkmoZH$ ogmVmMm `dhmamV [mR>[wamdm H$a`mMm EH$ _mJ hUO{ g`wo$H$ Ymo_H$ arVrnadmO, gH{$V, $T>r, [a[am MobV H$aU{. [a[am, $T>r, Wm, KmV m]b `m{` o>H$m{Z `{`mgmR>r _wbmM{ CXmhaU _mJXeH$ R>aV{. `m_mU{ bhmZ _wbmZm XmV KmgU{, AmKm{i H$aU{, `m`m_ H$aU{ dJa{ gd`r [mbH$mZr AmW{Z{, {_mZ{ dm $oMV YmH$mZ{ bmdU{ g`wo$H$ Amh{, amV Amh{, `mZm g[yU earaoH$`memmM{ `mgmR>r pb> YS>{ g$sZ{ X{U{ h{ g`wo$H$ Zmhr, Vg{M [a[am d WmM{hr Amh{. gdgm_m`m`m OrdZmV `m $T> H$aU{ h{ MwH$sM ZhV. AmO _m Amhr `m AY[UmZ{ _m{S>U{ qH$dm [wOU{ A`m{` R>a{b. `mE{dOr m Wm_mJrb odYm`H$ ^mdZm, YmaUm, kmZ, AMwH$Vm `mgmR>r dmd R>{dyZ AmoU O$a Va _Zm`m MmH$Q>r _m{Sy>Z d dkmoZH$ H$gm{Q>m CV H$$Z `mMm A`mg H$aU{ A`md`H$ Amh{. Jm{ajU d Jm{[yOm hm `mMmM ^mJ. A` >rZ{ [moh`mg JmBM{ ohV [mhU{ qH$dm [drM{ (g>rM{) ohV [mhU{ hUO{ VwPrM [yOm H$aU{. H$maU AmUIr EH$m H$ma{ [moh`mg gdmJrU H$`mU hUO{ Jm{ohV. hUyZhr Vwbm Jm{ohV: hUU{ g`wo$H$ Amh{. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 592) Jm{[oV$& Jm{[V`{ Z_:$& Jm`rMm, Jm{YZmMm dm_r, [drVdmMm dm_r d Jm{ hUO{ kmZ|o`{ hUyZ kmZ|o`mMm dm_r. H$`mUXm`r odgH$Vr Am_kmZmoYo>V, Am_kmZO` `dhmamVyZ d Am_kmZmo^_wI _mJXeH$ VdmM{ OrdZm`m gd j{mV [mbZ H$a`mVyZ gmH$ma hm{V Amh{. Jm`tM{ Aem gH$Vr_Yrb _hd H{$di C[`w$VmdmXr qH$dm ^m{JdmXr o>H$m{ZmVyZ `mZmV K{U{ Ae` Amh{. BVa gd H$gm{Q>m]am{]aM Jm`tM{ _y`_m[Z `m`m Am_kmZ gwb^ H$a`m`m j_V{`m [m^y_rdahr H{$`mg ah`^{X hm{D$Z Jm`r`m _hdm_mJrb Ia{ d gdmV _hdmM{ H$maU g_Oy eH{$b, Jm{dm_rdmVrb H$[m^md AmH$by eH{$b. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 593) Jm{m$& Jm{[{ Z_:$& Jw AmoU ajH$. dV:`mM _m`{Z{ dV:`m Am_d$[mbm ^mg_mZV{Z{ d{Ty>Z `mV JyT>[U{, Jw[U{ amhUmam AmoU ^$mZm m g`mMr MrVr X{Umam gdmMm Am_d$[ ajUH$Vm Vy Amh{g. Vw`m gVV _aUm_`{ Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 594) df^mj:$& df^mjm` Z_:$& g`Y_>r Agb{bm. H$[miy Z{ Agb{bm. ^$mMr >r g`k ]ZdUmam d ghZ{ && 155 && 156. Vd$[ Pmb{`m ^$mM{ gH$[ [yU H$aUmam VyM Amh{g. VwPr doH$``Xeu >r ^$mZm X{D$Z VyM `mM{ gH$[ `m` ]ZdVm{g d V{ ogrg Z{Vm{g. Vwbm oeagm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 595) dfo`:$& dfmo`m` Z_:$& df: o`m{ `` g:$& `mbm Y_ A`V o` Amh{ d Om{ Y_mbm A`V o` Amh{ Agm. odoZ`_, Y_ gm_^mdmZ{, g_agV{Z{ OmUUmam d `m`mda oZgr_ {_ H$aUmam Vy Amh{g d Vw`m H$[{Z{ d Vw`m ^$sma{ odY_mMaU d odY_ [w> AmoU gVw> hm{VmV. hUyZ Vy dfo`: Amh{g. Vwbm eVe: bm{Q>mJU{ Agm{V. AoZdVu oZdmm_m gj{m j{_H$pN>d:$& lrdgdjm: lrdmg: lr[oV: lr_Vmda:$&& 596) AoZdVu$& AoZdoVZ{ Z_:$& H$Yrhr [am^yV Z hm{Umam. gd mMr A[nahm` [naUVr `m mVrVV{V hm{V{ V{ mVrVd VyM Ag`mZ{ d mVrVd h{M AoV_ H$`mU Ag`mZ{ Vy AqO` Amh{g. oMaVZ odO`r ApVdmZ{ odY_mMm H$m`_Mm AmYma d ajH$ Vy Amh{g. Vwbm gmXa Um_ Agm{V. 597) oZdmm_m$& oZdmm_Z{ Z_:$& gd _`moXVV{VyZ, gHw$oMVVdmVyZ d Aod{VyZ _w$ Agm Am_m- ApVd. XohH$ ApVdm`m d VXZwfoJH$ Aod{`m gd Vamdarb gd gHw$oMV {aUm[mgZ gX d _w $ Agm [a_m_m Vy Amh{ g . d a m`d ^ dembr, gd e o$_mZ d odH$`mUH$mar Aem Vwbm odZ_ Z_Z Agm{. 598) gj{m$& gj{[{ Z_:$& (oZ`H$ ]rO$[mZ{) odmMm gj{[ H$aUmam. gm`m odmMm [gmam d `mVrb Ag` pW`VamM{ pW`VamVrV Aem dV:`m ApVdm_`{ em{fU H$aUmam AmoU d`o$H$ [mVirda gHw$oMV AodmO` {aUm, odMma, AmMma `mM{ X`mV`m_r`m OmoUd{`m AVrV Aem kmZH|$r C`Z d VabVm[yU gy_r^dZ H$aUmam VyM Amh{g. Vw`mMaUr AIS> Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 599) j{_H$V$& j{_H$V{ Z_:$& oMaVZ H$`mU H$aUmam. Vw`m EH$oZ> ^$sZ{ g[yU `o$dmM{ gdH$f ghZ{ && 156 && 157. pW`Va KSy>Z `{D$Z V{ VabV_ d H$mbmVrV ]ZV{. Vd$[ ]ZV{. Vw`m V{OmZ{ d gm_`mZ{ [na[yU hm{V{. [maV`, Aghm`Vm, Xw]i{[Um, XwomVm m[mgyZ _w$ hm{V{. gm`m odmM{M Ag{ H$`mU H$aUmam hUyZ Vy j{_H$V Amh{g. Vwbm H$VkVm[ydH$ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 600) oed:$& oedm` Z_:$& oed: hUO{ [od, eH$a (_hmX{d). eH$a h{ gJwU $[ VwP{M AgyZ (qH$]hZm ^Obr OmUmar odmVrb gd X{dX{dVmMr gd $[{ VwPrM Amh{V, `mV Vri_mhr eH$m Zmhr. CH$mVr`m/odH$mgm`m ododY Q>`mda AgUm`m OZg_yhmH$Sy>Z ([wH$iXm gHw$oMV bm^mgmR>rhr) [yoObr-AoMbr OmUmar ododY X{dV$[{X{Irb _ybV: VyM Amh{g. (gd Y_mMr AmXaWmZ{, [yOmWmZ{gwm _ybV: VyM Amh{g) Vw`m Zm__aUmZ{, qMVZmZ{, gH$sVZmZ{ Vy gd OrdZ [mod`mZ{ ^aVm{g d `o$OrdZhr ew H$aVm{g. Vw`mMaUr ^o$[ydH$ bm{Q>mJU{ Agm{V. 601) lrdgdjm:$& lrdgdjg{ Z_:$& ^Jw _hfv`m bmmhamZ{ Pmb{b{ lrdgoMh N>mVrda Agb{bm odUy h{ VwP{M EH$ gJwU $[. m gJwU $[mMm _oWVmW hUO{, ][X Vw`m N>mVr_`{ Amh{. ]fu Vw`m AV:H$aUmda Am$T> AgVm{. gdl{> ^$mZm Vy Vw`m Car H$dQ>miVm{g. ]kmZmMr, ]fv`m [mdbmZr [wZrV Pmb{br dmQ> Vw`m X`mVM g_m hm{V{. Vw`m oZaVa _aUmV Vwbm _mP{ gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 602) lrdmg:$& lrdmgm` Z_:$& lr dg`p_ooV lrdmg:$& oOW{ lr, doH$ E{`mMr dmo_Zr _hm_m`m b_r oZaVa[U{ de hm{D$Z dmg H$aV{ Agm. (`mM_mU{ b_r`m X`mMm dm_r, b_rX`mV dgUmam X{Irb.) odm`m ApVdmMm ^mJ Agb{b{ _mP{ ApVd hr VwPrM _m`m Amh{ d _m`m X`mV`m_rMm dm_r VyM Amh{g. _r VwPr _m`m d Vy _mPm dm_r h{ m _Ywa ^$sM{ [a_m{ V` Amh{. Vwbm {_[ydH$ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 603) lr[oV:$& lr[V`{ Z_:$& b_r[Vr. g [ y U MamMa E{ `m M r gm_ m kr H $ Vr, _m`m, b_r hr kmZdam`g[ Aem Vw`m AoH$V Amh{. Vw`m AmYrZ Amh{. Vw`m dmo_dm_`{ _mP{ _VH$ Vw`mMaUr brZ amhm{. ghZ{ && 157 && 158. 604) lr_Vmda:$& lr_Vmdmam` Z_:$& Am_kmZ_mJmoYH$mar d{XH$V}, Am_kmZmoYH$mar go>oZ_mVm ]X{d, AmoU gd `m_` d^dmMr g_mkr b_r AmoU Am_kmZ m gdmMm dm_r Ag`mZ{ Vwbm lr_Vmda: hUO{ gdm} lr_V hUVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. lrX: lre: lroZdmg: lroZoY: lrod^mdZ:$& lrYa: lrH$a: l{`: lr_mm{H$`ml`:$&& 605) lrX:$& lrXm` Z_:$& b_r (E{`) X{Umam. Vw`m H$[{Z{, Vw`m MrVrVyZ AV]m gdH$f C`Z hm{D$Z VwP{ E{` d gm_` ^$mZm m hm{V{ hUyZ Vwbm lrX: hUVmV. Vw`m H$[{Z{ b_r _m`m AoH$V hm{V{, de hm{V{. Vw`m `m ZmdmVrb _m`{darb dmo_dmM{ _hmZ Vd `$s d g_>r`m H$`mUmgmR>r A`V _hdmM{ Amh{. gm`m odmMr AW`dWm, amOH$maU, H$m`X{, Cm{J, oejU, Amam{`, e{Vr, gem{YZ, H$sS>m, H$bm `m gdmMr Am_kmZoYo>V {$aaMZm H$aU{, [wZ]mYUr H$aU{ hm H$`mUXm`r odgH$Vr`m oH$`{Mm A`V _hdmMm, AoZdm` d AVyQ> ^mJ Amh{. g[yU od CXmmV_ [a[ag]Ym]am{]aM E{ohH$ g_rZ{ [na[yU hm{`mgmR>r h{ Amd`H$ Amh{. Vw`m ^$mH$Sy>Z VyM h{ H$$Z K{erb. Vwbm oeagm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 606) lre:$& lrem` Z_:$& doH$ E{`m`m dmo_ZrMm - b_rMm Ba hUyZ lre: b_rZmam`U m Vw`m gJwU $[mMm _m`{Mm ^w hm JwmW ]m{YX AmoU odH$`mUH$mar Amh{. Am_kmZm`m >rVyZ gma{ od hr VwPr _m`m Amh{ d Vd$[mVyZ JQ> hm{D$Z, Vd$[r amhZ Vd$[r odbrZ hm{U{ hr EH$ pW`VamMr ]m] Amh{. `m pW`VamVJV EH$ N>m{Q>{g{ pW`Va hUO{ _mZdmMm BoVhmg. emarnaH$, _mZogH$, AmoWH$, amOH$s` Aem Ag` KQ>Zm d `m KQ>Zm]am{]aM V`ma hm{Uma{ OmoUd{M{ Va h{ gma{ m pW`VamVJV AgVmV. `m OmoUd{`m VamM{ doeQ> Ag{ H$s H$Yr ]moH$ Va H$Yr H$bm[yU, H$Yr dmgZm[yU Va H$Yr ^mdZm[yU, H$Yr km d oV^mg[ Va H$Yr odH$maJV Aem Vh{Z{ OmoUdmM{ AmodH$ma _Zw`_mmV KS>V Amb{. gd H$mir d gd OmJr Ag{ AmodH$ma KS>b{. OJm`m BoVhmgmV Hw$R>{ odkmZ Va Hw$R>{ H$bm, Hw$R>{ H$sS>m Va Hw$R>{ gJrV, H$Yr Wm[` Va H$Yr JoUV, H$Yr VkmZ Va H$Yr OmXy, ododY j{mV _mZdmMr OmUrd JQ> Pmbr Amh{. H$mhr oR>H$mUr Jwbm_oJar Va H$mhr oR>H$mUr damMma, Hw$R>{ [$s OmoV`dWm Va Hw$R>{ ghZ{ && 158 && 159. _yoV^OZ, Hw$R>{ MS> qhgm Va Hw$R>{ Am`oVH$ Aqhgm, Aem d$[mV _Zw`mMr OmUrd JQ> Pmbr Amh{. AZ{H$ d{im Y_gXm`m`m Va [wH$iXm hHy$_ehm`m $[mV AZ H$Yr bm{H$gwIH$mar Va H$Yr a$bmpN>V $[mV _mZdr AVaJ JQ> Pmb{ Amh{V. [aVw `m Vh{Z{ [dr gy`_mb{`m AVJV gy`_mb{`m oZ`_mZr d gy`_mbm g[yU od-AVamim`m AVJV AmoU AoYH$ `m[H$ oZ`_mZr oZ`oV hm{VmV. `mM_mU{ gmam _mZd BoVhmg hm _Zw` OmoUd{bmhr AV]m `m[Um`m emV d oZ`H$, Ad`o$H$ g`m`m AYrZ AgVm{. m Ad`o$H$, AmoU _mUgmZ{ H$p[b{bm gHw$oMV h{Vy Zgb{`m [U "oZ`H$' g`mbmM, ^$ AZw^dVmV d `mM{M dUZ Am_gmjmH$ma `m eXmZ{ hm{V{. ^$ `mbmM BamMr ^{Q> hUVmV. Va BVa H$mhrOU `mbm ey`mdWm, ]gmjmH$ma, g_mYr, oZdmU, B`mXr hUVmV. Am_gmjmH$mamZ{ _Zw` d`o$H$Q>m gH$[ey` hm{Vm{ [U ey`dV hm{V Zmhr. Ad`o$H$ hm{Vm{ [U ]{^mZ hm{V Zmhr. eya ]ZVm{ [U qh-AmH$_H$ hm{V Zmhr. ehmUm hm{Vm{ [U em{fUH$Vm hm{V Zmhr. gohUw hm{Vm{ [U AS>mUr d ^m]S>m Zmhr. Am_gmjmH$mamZ{ _Zw` gHw$oMV ApVdmVrV ApVd, AZw^dV Ag`mZ{ Ba qH$dm ] dJa{ gH$[ZmZr, `mMm AZw^d Vm{ `$ H$aVm{. [U `m`m d{J`m AZw^dmd$Z `mbm ^_ Pmbm Agm oZH$f H$mT>U{ MyH$ AgV{. Am_MrVrZ{ _mUyg oZ[h ]ZVm{ [U oZame Zmhr. Vm{ dmgZmde hm{V Zmhr [U hUyZ Vm{ Ordemr`Q>m dmgZmhrZ AgV Zmhr. Vm{ VabV_ ]wr_wi{ H$mimMm d{Y K{Vm{ d [wH$iXm oVgmXm`m ]m]VrV BVamhZ d{Jim AgVm{. [U Vm{ AOmU AgV Zmhr. Am_kmZr _mUyg H$m{U`mhr Y_m`m MmH$Q>rV amhrb Ag{ Zmhr. [U Vm{ Y_{>m, A`m`r, hrZ ZgVm{. Vm{ X{emVrV AgVm{ [U X{em{hr ZgVm{. Vm{ doH$ Am_r`V{ Z { gma{ AZw ^ dVm{ AmoU `m_mU{ dmJVm{ . _Zw ` BoVhmgmV Am_gmjmH$mamM{ AZ{H$ gJ KS>b{. Am_gmjmH$ma hUO{ Ad`o$H$ Aer d$[mMr MrVr. `m MrVrZ{ _mZdmbm gm_`mMm dm A_admMm aVm XmIodbm. [aVw OmoUdm`m AVrV Agb{b{ ApVdmZw^d eXmV _mS>U{, ^mdZ{`m `m{` Ym`mV Jw$U{, AmMaUm`m AmH$mamV ]mYU{ qH$dm ]moH$ `wo$dmXm`m Vma{d$Z dmhZ Z{U{ m ]m]r H$_rAoYH$ _mUmV KS>`m. [naUm_r H$Yr _mUyg g_yh Am_^> Xmg ]Zb{ Var H$Yr Ah_` ]Zb{. H$Yr Hy$a ]Zb{ Va H$Yr bmMma. Y_mMr d{Jd{Jir $[{, `mM{ o^ AmMma, d{XmM{ Z{oV Z{oV hUU{, gVmM{ MmVwd` _m` H$aU{, _ZwZ{ d BVa _oVH$mamZr MmVwd` $T> H$aU{ qH$dm [wT>{ AZ{H$mZr _oVJW OmiU{, d{N>{Z{ d O]arM{ Y_mVa KS>U{ m gm`m KQ>ZmVyZ _mZdr ghZ{ && 159 && 160. OmoUd{Mr odo^ JQ>Z{ oXgVmV. E{oVhmogH$ ^moVH$dmXmM{ [waH$V}, BVa A`mgH$, odMmadV ^moVH$ [napWVrda _Zw`mM{ g]Y R>aVmV Ag{ qH$dm _Zw`m`m OmoUd{da g]Y R>aVmV Ag{ oV[mXZ H$aVmV. m Xm{hr o>H$m{ZmV g` Amh{. [aVw m Xm{Zhr _Vm[H$s H$m{UV{hr _V qH$dm Xm{hr _V{ EH$ K{Vbr qH$dm H$m{UVrhr odMmagaUr, odMma[Vr, qH$dm gXm`mMr _V{ odMmamV K{Vbr Var _Zw`m`m BoVhmgmM{ gmV [>rH$aU, H$Vr]bM{ _mJXeZ d gm_` X{D$ eH$V ZmhrV. `m_wi{ _y`g^_ AmoU AZmMma `mV _mUyg oMa$mS>bm OmV Amh{. `mCbQ>, _mZdr BoVhmg hm Am_gmjmH$mam`m oH$`{Mm ^mJ AgyZ AodmO` KS>m_m{S>tM{ AmKmV gm{gV gmar _mZdOmV Ad`o$H$V{`m _hm_mJmda, Ad`o$H$ g`m`m, oZ`UmImbr d Am_gmjmH$mar od^yVt`m [mdbmda [mD$b R>{drV dmQ>Mmb H$arV Amh{, `mMr OmUrd Pmbr H$s od d `$sgmR>r BoVhmgm`m oZ`H$ BamMr hUO{M Am_kmZmMr hUO{M g`mMr H$mg OmUrd[ydH$ Ya`mMm _hm_mJ oZoV hm{Vm{ d gm{[m hm{Vm{. Bam[mgyZ `{U{ d BamV odbrZ hm{U{ h{ ApVdm`m d OmoUd{`m gd VamM{, _mZdr BoVhmgmM{ d `o$OrdZmM{ EH$_{dmoVr` emdV doeQ> Amh{. AmoU `mMrM VH$gJV C[[mr hUO{ CmMm _mZdr g_mO, (Om{ gVl{> kmZ{a d H$mb _mg AmoU A` l{>m`m o>[WmV hm{Vm d Amh{) h{ H$ib{ H$s gd j{mVrb gd `dhma Am_kmZmoYo>V d Am_kmZmo^_wI ]ZdU{ h{ gdl{> gm_`Xm`r H$`mUH$mar _mJXeH$ Vd m hm{V{ AmoU Ag{ H$m` gw$ hm{V{. hr oH$`m (ZOa{V ^abr Zmhr Var) AmOhr g_mOmV H$mhr _mUmV Var Mmby Amh{. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 607) lroZdmg:$& lroZdmgm` Z_:$& `m`m X`mV b_r Amh{ Agm. AV]m gdl{> gmm d d^d Ag`m_wi{ b_rZmam`U h{ VwP{ gJwU $[ Amh{. d^dmMr gmmYre `m`m AYrZ Amh{ Aem Vw`m _aUmZ{ `mMH$ dmr oZKyZ OmV{. Vwbm eVe: Um_ Agm{V. 608) lroZoY:$& lroZY`{ Z_:$& d^dmMm gmR>m, E{`mMm IoOZm qH$dm b_rM{ oZdmgWmZ, _yiWmZ. b_r jrag_wmVyZ ]mh{a Ambr hUyZ gd d^dmMm CJ_ Aem Vwbm g_w hUVm `{Bb. [U Agm g_w `mVyZ H$mimMm, AVnajmMm d g[yU doH$ E{`mMm CJ_ hm{Vm{. Vw`m _aUmZ{ `$sbm AodmO` Xw]bV{VyZ _w$s o_iyZ gOZerbV{Mm gmjmH$ma hm{Vm{ d gm_`mMr mr hm{V{. Vwbm gXd dXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 160 && 161. 609) lrod^mdZ:$& lrod^mdZm` Z_:$& odmVrb `{H$ KQ>Zm oddojV JwUY_mZwgma e{dQ>mg Z{Umam H$_$b$[r E{` oZ_mU H$aUmam. Vw`m MaUr oU[mV Agm{V. 610) lrYa:$& lrYam` Z_:$& b_rMm AmYma. E{oVhmogH$ ^moVH$VmdmXr, OS> g>rVyZ [wT>{ _mZdr OmUrd V`ma Pmbr `m JhrVmMm AmYma K{D$Z `mMm VH$gJV oZH$f Agm H$mT>VmV H$s _mZdr OmUrd _mZdr gH$Vr hr ^moVH$ [napWVrM{ oVq]] qH$dm [naUm_ Amh{. Vg{M _mZdr`dhma hUO{ C[mXZgmYZm`m odH$mgmMm [na[mH$ Amh{. dmVodH$ _mZdr OmUrd qH$dm _mZdr OrdZ OS> g>rVyZ Amb{ Ag{ hUU{ hrM EH$ J$bV Amh{. odmM{ gOrd d oZOud h{ dJuH$aUM _wimV gOrdm`m X{h]wr_wi{ KS>V AgV{. V{ [yUg` Zh{. gOrdg>r d oZOudg>r _ybV: EH$m_ AgyZ `mVyZ OrdZ d{Ji{ oZKU{ dm dV:`m d$[mV JQ> hm{U{ `mMm AW ""OS>Vd h{ _yi H$maU AmoU OrdZ hm H{$di Xw`_ [naUm_ Amh{'' Agm H$mT>U{ MyH$ Amh{. H$maU OS>mVyZ OrdZ Am`mM{ Og{ oXgV{ Vg{M OrdZmVyZ hUO{M MV`mVyZ OS>d oZ_mU hm{`mM{ CXmhaU hUO{ H$mi, AVami, D$Om d oZOud [XmWmMr C[mr. Xwga{ _hdmM{ V` hUO{ gd pW`Vam`m AVrV O{ AgV{ `mbm M{VZ qH$dm OS> hUU{ h{ `$s`m `m Ad`o$H$ oZ`H$ g`m`m AZw^dmda R>aV{. (_mohVr`m) X{h]wrO` kmZm`m AmYma{ V{ oZOud R>$ eH$V{ [U dMmnaH$ MmH$Q> d d`o$H$Vm g[br Va VrM Ad`o$H$ oZ`H$ "dVy' gdl{> M{VZ{Mm m{V Ag`mMr MrVr `{D$ eH$V{. `m Xm{Z d{J`m AZw^dm_wi{ A`mgH$ OS>dmXr d oMXdmXr Aem Xm{Z H$mamV od^mJb{ OmVmV. [aVw `m Ad`o$H$, pW`VamVrV, oZ`H$ ApVdmMm AZw^d goXmZX_` Agy eH$Vm{ d `mMr _mohVr (oZH$f) OS> Agy eH$V{ h{ bjmV K{D$Z [wT>rb odMma H{$`mg _yb^yV EH$dmMr Imr [Q>V{ d odVS>dmX Q>iyZ [wT>rb OrdZmM{ _mJXeZ o_iV{. C[mXZm`m gmYZmZwgma _mZdr g]YmM{ d$[ ]Xby eH$V{ h{ Ia{ [aVw C[mXZmMr gmYZ{ H$mhr Am[`m Am[UM V`ma hm{V ZmhrV, qH$dm H{$di _mZdhr, oZdi d{N>{`m Om{amda Vr ]ZdrV Zmhr, ]Zdy eH$V Zmhr. BoVhmg hm odm_H$ H$mbmVrV oZ`H$ g`m`m qH$dm Ad`o$H$V{`m gOrd, oZOud, oZ`UmVJV KS>V AgVm{. `m_wi{ `m Ad`o$H$, oZ`H$, odm_H$, g`mMm gmjmH$ma H$$Z K{U{ h{ OS>dmXr qH$dm oMXdmXr Xm{KmZmhr _m` hm{U{ g`wo$H$ Amh{. H$maU OS>dmX AmoU oMXdmXmVrb ghZ{ && 161 && 162. g`mMm drH$ma d _`moXVmMm `mJ hm{D$Z OS>dmXmVrb d oMXdmXmVrb eo$Wi{ EH$ hm{D$Z CXmm AmoU g[ odgH$VrMm [m`m KmVbm OmU{ e` hm{Bb. qH$]hZm l{> odgH$Vr`m AmodH$mamMm hmM EH$_{d _hm_mJ Amh{ Agm H$mimMm gH{$V oXgVm{. Am_gmjmH$mamVrb odgH$Vr oZo_VrMr hr e$s Vw`m lrYa: `m ZmdmVyZ g_OyZ `{V{. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 611) lrH$a:$& lrH$am` Z_:$& d^d X{Umam qH$dm d^d, E{` m `m`m ^wOm Amh{V Agm. MamMa od m ^wOm (C[mJ{) Agb{bm. VwP{ ^$ Vd$[ hm{VmV d gd E{ohH$ ]m]tM{ oZ`V{ d ^m{{$ ]ZVmV. CmMr gH$Vr d `m gH$Vr_Yrb amOH$maU, oejU, H$sS>m, _mZdg]Y, gem{YZ, AW`dhma m ]m]tMm X{Irb Am_m Vy (VwPr oMVr) Amh{g d m ]m]r VwPr (Vw`m MrVrMr) C[mJ{ Amh{V. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 612) l{`:$& l{`g{ Z_:$& _m{j. gma od d gma OrdZ Vw`m H$[{Z{ Vw`m^m{dVr hUO{M g`m^m{dVr O{hm OmUrd[ydH$ H|$oV hm{V V{hmM V{ _m{jX hUO{ I`m AWmZ{ l{`H$a ]ZV. Vw`m ^$s_wi{ H$Vr`m h{Vybm, H$Vrbm d oV`m $imbm doH$ [na_mU m hm{V{. Vwbm AmXa[yU Z_Z Agm{. 613) lr_mZ$& lr_V{ Z_:$& b_rdmZ. lr hUO{ b_r, e$s, H $ Vr, _m`m, E{ `m M r OZZr. b_roedm` VwPr H$[ZmM Ae` Amh{. b_rgohV Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 614) bm{H$`ml`:$& bm{H$`ml`m` Z_:$& [ma[naH$ Q>m dJ, _`y, [mVmi qH$dm gwfwr, dZ, OmJVr m gdmMm _ybmYma VyM Amh{g. VmodH$Q>m AgU{, ZgU{, OmUrd, Z{Urd B`mXr ApVdm`m gd VamMm AmYma d AoV_ oMaVZ gmdZ{M{ AT>i WmZ Vy Amh{g. mM H$maUm_wi{ kmZr d EH$oZ> ^$mMr gdmJrU d gmdoH$ H$`mUmgmR>r, H{$di Vw`mdaM o^V AgV{. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. dj: dJ: eVmZXm{ ZpX`m}oVJU{a:$& odoOVm_m odY{`m_m gH$soVpMge`:$&& ghZ{ && 162 && 163. 615) dj:$& djm` Z_:$& Aearar AmoU Am_kmZr Ag`mZ{ `mM{ Z{ gd [mhUma{ d hUyZ gwXa Amh{V Agm. Vw`m gJwU $[m_`{hr VwP{ S>m{i{ gwXa XmIod`m_mJrb _oWVmW hmM Amh{. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 616) dJ:$& dJm` Z_:$& gwXa AJ Agb{bm. Vy odm_H$ Amh{g `m_wi{ Vw`mBVH{$ Cm_mJ BVa Hw$UmM{hr Zmhr. VwP{ ^$ odmVrb A`V a_Ur` $[{ d ododY AZw^d K{VmZm odm_H$ Aem VwP{ _aU Vw`m H$[{_wi{ H$aVmV. Vw`m I`m ApVdm[mgyZ ^$mMr OmUrd jU^ahr T>iV Zmhr. Vw`m oZaVa _aUmV Vw`mMaUr AIS> Z_Z Agm{. 617) eVmZX:$& eVmZXm` Z_:$& odm_Yrb e{H$S>m{ H$maM{ AmZX h{ goXmZX_` Aem VwP{M AodH$ma hm{V. hUyZM ^$ AmZXm`m gJr VwP{ _aU H$aVmV. OrdZmVrb gd gwIm`m gJmV VwP{ _aU amh X{ d Vw`m [m`mda bm{Q>mJU amh X{. 618) ZpX:$& ZX`{ Z_: [a_mZX. Ad`o$H$, emdV, oZ`H$ ApVdm`m gmjmH$mam_`{ oMaVZ gm_`mMr d AmZXmMr mr hm{V{. Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 619) `m{oVJU{a:$& `m{oVJU{am` Z_:$& Am_kmZbjr gwgH$VrMm _mJ XmIdUm`m d `mgmR>r gm_` X{Um`m l{> od^yVtMm Ba (Am_m) Vy Amh{g. Vwbm eVe: Um_ Agm{V. 620) odoOVm_m$& odoOVm_Z{ Z_:$& hUO{ odgH$[r od_ZmMm O{Vm qH$dm dm_r. Aodm-_m`m B`mXtda ododY _mJmZr _mV H$arV Ad`o$H$, emdV, oZ`H$, goXmZX_` ApVdmMm gmjmH$ma Vw`m H$[{Z{ K{Uma{ ^$ VwP{M AdVma Amh{V. Vwbm AmXa[yU Z_Z Agm{. 621) odY{`m_m$& odY{`m_Z{ Z_:$& H$mht`m _V{ AodY{`m_m. odY{`m_m hUO{ H{$di Bar gH$[mZw$[ H$m` H$aUmam (Ba dm Bar AdVma). AodY{`m_m hUO{ H$m{U`mhr oZ`_mZr H$YrM ghZ{ && 163 && 164. ] ZgUmam, Hw$Um`mhr AoH$V Zgb{bm (Ba). _oWVmW, H$m{U`mhr gHw$oMV {aU{Z{ H$m`aV ZgUmam H{$di ew kmZ{aU{VyZ `mM{ H$m` A`mhV Mmby amhV{ Agm. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 622) gH$soV:$& gH$sV`{ Z_:$& g` hrM `mMr H$sVu Amh{ Agm qH$dm `mMr H$sVu g` Amh{ ($gdr, [m{H$i d [naUm_ey` Zmhr) Agm. ^$ X`mV AdVrU hm{Umar VwPr OmUrd, AZw^yVr AmoU Vw`m_mU{M Vw`m ^$mZm X{Irb BVam`m X`mV O{ WmZ o_iV{ VrM Iar H$sVu. BVa gd ogr $gdr d dmPm{Q>r AgV{. Vw`m _aUmVrb d gH$sVZmVrb h{ gm_`Xm`r d H$`mUH$mar g` ^$mZm C_Ob{b{ AgV{. `m_wi{ V{ Vw`m_`{ g_ag hm{D$Z Vw`m H$sVuMm S>H$m o[Q>V amhVmV. Vw`m Zm_mMm JOa H$aV amhVmV. Vw`m JwUJmZmV C^{ Am`w` IM H$$Z OrdZ gmWH$s bmdVmV. hr gmar VwPrM H$[m. Vw`mMaUr odZ_ oU[mV Agm{V. 623) oN>ge`:$& oN>ge`m` Z_:$& ge` aohV. ge`mM{ _yi AoZoVV{V AgV{. hm{` H$s Zmhr? H$m{U`mhr gX^mV `m mM{ Cma Zgb{ H$s ge` `{Vm{. VwP{ ApVdM, ""hm{` H$s Zmhr?'' `m gOrdm`m _`moXV ]wrVyZ oZ_mU hm{Um`m m`m AVrV Ag`mZ{ ge`mVrV Amh{ d odmVrb `{H$ ]m]todf`r oZ`U[yU kmZ Agb{`m Vw`m_`{ AoZoVV{Mm bdb{ehr ZgVm{. ^$m`m X`mV ge`aohV Ag Am_kmZ C[ H$$Z (VwPr MrVr X{D$Z) `mM{ ApVd AmoU `mMr `{H$ H$Vr Vy ew kmZ_` d [a_H$`mUH$mar ]ZdVm{g. VyM `m`m dmUrVyZ VwPm A_V_`, MV`_` H$[mgmX gdm[`V [m{hMdyZ ^$mM{ d BVamM{ OrdZ goXmZX_` ]ZdVm{g. Vw`mMaUr _VH$ H$m`_ pWamdm{. CXrU gdVMjwaZre: emdVpWa:$& ^ye`m{ ^yfUm{ ^yoVodem{H$: em{H$ZmeZ:$&& 624) CXrU:$& CXrUm` Z_:$& ApVdm`m AmoU AZw^dm`m gd Vam`m AVrV Agb{bm. Vy H$mbmVrV Amh{g. Vg{M `$sZ{, `$s hUyZ K{`m`m AZw^dmVrV Amh{g. `m jUr `$s VwPm AZw^d K{V{ `m jUm[mgyZ `$s, `$s hUyZ _aV OmV{. hm _`y hUO{M A_a d odm_H$ OrdZ hm{`. Vw`m AmR>dUrV Aem Vh{Z{ _`y [mdV _mP{ ghZ{ && 164 && 165. gdd Vw`mMaUr A[U hm{D$ X{. 625) gdVjw:$& gdVjwf{ Z_:$& MamMamV`m_r Ag`mZ{ VwPr Aearar >r gd `m[yZ AgV{, gd AgV{ hm AW. `$s`m gX^mV `$sM{ H$kmZ h{ VwP{ H$m` Amh{. Vw`m ApVdmoedm` H$kmZ Ag^d Amh{. `mMm _oWVmW gdmV`m_r AgUmam Iam kmVm Vy Amh{g. H$maU Vy OS> d MV` oZOud d gOrd `m`m AVrV Amh{g. hUyZM `$s_Yrb AZw^d K{Umam Iam "d' Vy Amh{g Ag{ hUVmV. `m gX^mV EH$ oVdmX Agm H$s Vw`m ApVdmoedm` S>m{i{ [mh eH$V ZmhrV h{ Oa Ia{ Va O{ [mh eH$V ZmhrV (CXm. _|XyVrb a$mdm_wi{, `m`mV Vy AgV Zmhrg H$m? `mM{ Cma Ag{ H$s H$UmH$UmVJV, gOrdmVJV d km`mVJV AgUmam Vy km`mMr Or ^yo_H$m ]OmdVm{g `mMm EH$ bhmZgm [by S>m{`mZr [mhU{ hm Amh{. `m_wi{ hm [by Zgbm Var Vy Zmhrg Ag{ hm{V Zmhr. H$maU `m H$m`mda VwP{ ApVd d kmV{[U Adb]yZ Zmhr. CbQ> V{ H$m` Vw`m ApVdm_wi{ KSy>Z `{V{. `{H$ H$UmH$Um[mgyZ V{ km`m[`V `m`m AV:jyZr (O{ VwP{M Amh{V) VyM gd H$mhr (O{ VwP{M Amh{) [mhVm{g. VwP{ h{ d$[ VH$mVrV Ag`mZ{ A`V VH$Xw> AmoU AdmVd ^mgUma{ Amh{. AWmV VwP{ H$m` gHw$oMV _|Xy`m MmH$Q>rV Z ]gU{ d "Ag`m`m' T>m{]i AdW{V "ZgU{' `m_wi{ VwPr MrVr K{Vb{`mZm H$mhrM $aH$ [S>V Zmhr. Vw`m H$[{Z{ `mMr Vw`modf`rMr Imr ^$_ hm{V OmV{. Vwbm Z_ Z_Z Agm{. 626) AZre:$& AZrem` Z_:$& Vy emdV, Ad`o$H$, oZ`H$, gOrd-oZOudmVrV, pW`VamVrV, goXmZX_` ApVd Ag`mZ{ Hw$Urhr VwPm dm_r Zmhr. Vy gdmMm gdH$mbrZ dm_r Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 627) emdV: pWa:$& emdV: pWam` Z_:$& oMaVZ, AMb, H$Yrhr Z ]XbUmam. gd KQ>ZmMm H$Vm, YmaUH$Vm d KQ>ZmZm gm_mdUmam Vy Amh{g. Vy pW`VamVrV Amh{g. AZmoX AZV (O_-_`y, C[mr- odb`aohV), pWa Amh{g. Vw`m AmR>dUrV g[yU oMmmMm d d`o$H$V{Mm odb` hmdm hrM Vw`m ^$mMr EH$_{d BN>m AgV{. Vw`mMaUr oeagm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 628) ^ye`:$& ^ye`m` Z_:$& ^y: e{V{ Ap_Z BoV ^ye`:$& MamMa od, Ag` KS>m_m{S>t`m JXuV, `m gdl{> WmZr g[yU odlmVr ghZ{ && 165 && 166. AZw^dy eH$V{, Ag{ WmZ Vy Amh{g. Vw`m, `m{JoZmdW{Vrb oMaemV, ApVdmVrV ApVdmda, KQ>ZmZr ^ab{b{ od AmYmab{b{ Amh{, [hS>b{ Amh{. `m_wi{ H$[mVr od `m_`{ odlmVr K{V{ Vm{ VyM Amh{g. `$s`m gX^mVhr h{ _hdmM{ Amh{. O{ O{ Amh{ V{ V{ Oa pW`VamVrV Aem Vw`m AmYmamM{ Amh{ d Zg`mZVahr Vw`mV amhUma Amh{ Va Vm{M oZ`_ `$sbmhr bmJy [S>Vm{. `$shr, Kmb_{brZ{ ^ab{`m OrdZmV Vw`m AmYmamZ{ Amh{ d _`yZVa Vw`mV amhUma Amh{. Vw`m H$[{Z{ ^$mZm `m g`mMr d `m`m _`yZVa`m ApVdmMr OmU `{V{ d V{ pWa]wrZ{ oOdV[Ur d _`yZVa Vw`mV odgdVmV. Vwbm eVe: H$Vk Um_ Agm{V. 629) ^yfU:$& ^yfUm` Z_:$& gwem{o^V H$aUmam. Vw`m_wi{ odmbm em{^m Amh{. hr em{^m OmU`mMr >rhr Vw`m_wi{ Amh{. odmVrb em{^{Mm d em{^m AZw^d`mMm _ybmYma oZ`Vm Vy Amh{g. hUyZM d`o$H$ d doH$ [mVirdarb gmX`mZw^dmVrb AmhmXXm`H$Vm a_Ur`Vm d AmZX (em{^m) Vw`m_wi{M Amh{. Vw`m a_Ur` AmR>dUrV Vwbm gVV dXZ Agm{. 630) ^yoV:$& ^yV`{ Z_:$& gmm_` ApVd. pW`VamVrV, emdV, oZ`H$, ^moVH$, gOrd- oZOudmVrV, OS>-MV`mVrV, OmUrd-Z{UrdmVrV, ApVdmVrV ApVd hUyZ ^yoV: Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 631) odem{H$:$& odem{H$m` Z_:$& Vy d Vd$[ Pmb{b{ ^$ gVV Am_mZX$[ d Am_mZX_` Ag`mZ{ `m`m `m gm_`dmZ d MV`_` ApVdm[`V AkmZ_ybH$ gHw$oMV[Um, [amYrZVm, Xw:I d em{H$ [m{MV ZmhrV hUyZ Vwbm odem{H$: hUVmV. Vwbm eVe: Um_ Agm{V. 632) em{H$ZmeZ:$& em{H$ZmeZm` Z_:$& Xw:I Z> H$aUmam. ^$mZm Vw`m Zm__aUmMr Jm{S>r bmdUmam d `mM{ gHw$oMV ApVd, gHw$oMV odMma, gHw$oMV AhH$ma, gHw$oMV Amem-AmH$mjm AmoU `m`m [mR>m{[mR> `{Uma{ A^mdmM{ Xw:I A`V ^mdr[U{ g_yi Z> H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. Vw`m MrVrZ{ VhmZ{M{ VhmZ[U, Ame{M{ Amem[U gm$ Z> H$aUmam Agm Vy Amh{g. qH$]hZm VhmZ{Mr VhmZ, Ame{Mr Amem, ^wH{$Mr ^yH$, odMmamMm odMma, ghZ{ && 166 && 167. ^mdZ{Mr ^mdZm, gd{XZ{Mr gd{XZm Aem VabV_ AmodH$mamZ{ Vy ^$mMr OmUrd A`V gy_ AmoU A`V d{JdmZ ]ZdVm{g. `m_wi{ gd Vh{`m gHw$oMV ^md^mdZm`m _mJyZ hm{Um`m $a$Q>rVyZ ^$ [yU[U{ _w$ hm{Vm{. OrdZ Xw:I_w$ H$aUm`m Vwbm godZ` dXZ Agm{. AoM_mZoMV: Hw$^m{ odewm_m odem{YZ:$& AoZm{oVaW: wZm{@o_VodH$_:$&& 633) AoM_mZ$& AoM_V{ Z_:$& V{Om{_`. odmVrb gd V{Om{_`V{Mm Vy _yim{V _ybmYma Amh{g. V{OmM{ V{O[U Vw`mVM Amh{. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 634) AoMV:$& AoMVm` Z_: `mMr [yOm hm{V{ Agm. _mZdr BoVhmgm_`{ d{im{d{ir dV:Mr MrVr X{D$Z ^$mH$Sy>Z VwVr, [yOm, {_, ^$s m H$aVm{g. `m`m AV`m_r, `m`m OmoUd{`m Jm`m_`{, `mMmM "d' hUyZ Vy `mZm ge`mVrV MrVr (A`V AV:H$aU[yU oZH$Q>Mm AZw^d) X{Vm{g. `m_wi{ `mM{ gdd V{ Vw`mMaUr A[U H$aVmV. odH$`mUmMr ZmXr Aer VwPr [yOm; jwd, bmMmar, $gd{[Um Zmhrgm H$aV{. Y_ H$m{UVmhr Agbm Var oZdmW d oZH$m_ ^$mH$Sy>Z hm{Umar H$`mUH$mar [yOm-AMm m H$aUmam Vy ^mdZ{`m C Vamdarb odmMr EH$m_Vm AZw^dmbm AmUyZ X{Vm{g. Vg{M _m{jm`m odam{YmV `{Uma{ gd H$mhr (Y_, odMma, Wm B`mXtM{ ]mmJ) JmU hm{Uma Amh{, `mMr [> dmhr X`mH$memVrb Vw`m dmUrZ{ X{Vm{g. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 635) Hw$^:$& Hw$^m` Z_:$& Hw$^: hUO{ H$be, KmJa. gma{ od, gma OrdZ, gma V{O, H$mi, OmoUdm gd H$mhr `m`mV gm_mdb Amh{ Agm Hw$^ Vy Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 636) odewm_m$& odewm_Z{ Z_:$& hUO{ A`V ew Am_m. Vy OS>-MV`mVrV, gOrd-oZOudmVrV A`V ew OmoUd{`mhr AVrV Agm ewV_ Am_m Amh{g. Aodm-_m`{[mgyZ [yUV: Aob Amh{g. Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 167 && 168. 637) odem{YZ:$& odem{YZm` Z_:$& gd`m[r, gdgMmar AmoU JwUmVrV Ag`mZ{ Vy _`moXVV{Mm d Vm` hbmIrMm Zme H$aVm{g. OrdZ ew kmZmZ{ ^aVm{g. AkmZ d Vm` odH$mamMm [JS>m Zmhrgm hm{U{ hrM Iar ewr, Or Vy ^$mbm m H$$Z X{Vm{g. kmZ_` ew AV:H$memV OJUma{ bm{H$ doH$ OrdZ ew H$aVmV. hrM Iar `wJdVH$ H$mVr, Or Vw`m H$[{Z{ H$_r-AoYH$ _mUmV AemAemZ{ ododY $[mV ododY H$mir AmnU ododY oR>H$mUr KSy>Z `{V{. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 638) AoZ$:$& AoZ$m` Z_:$& `mbm Hw$Urhr am{Iy eH$V Zmhr, [am^yV H$$ eH$V Zmhr Agm. Vy _hmeo$_mZ AmoU odoZ`_mMm oZ`Vm Ag`mZ{ Vwbm am{IUmam Hw$Urhr Zmhr. Xwg`m AWmZ{ odaMZ{`m AV^yV Ag{ Mma `yh hUO{ dmgwX{d, gH$fU, wZ d AoZ VyM Amh{g. H$maU Vy odm_H$ Amh{g. (h{ `yh hUO{ odoe> AVami-H$mimVrb H$mhr aMZm/KQ>Zm/_mS>`m Agy eH$Vrb.) Vwbm ^md[yU Z_Z Agm{. 639) AoVaW:$& AoVaWm` Z_:$& oV[Yu, oVr, ey, odam{YH$ Zgb{bm. [na_mUmVrV, gdg_md{eH$, gdmV]m d H$mimV]mhr Ag`mZ{ Vwbm odam{YH$ Zmhr. Vy gd m`m AVrV Amh{g. VwP{ ^$hr bm^-Vm{Q>m, gwI-Xw:I, Amem-oZamem, ew-o_, H$mim- Jm{am, _mbH$-Zm{H$a, amOm-Jwbm_, _mZ-A[_mZ, Aem gd m`m AVrV d hUyZ oZda AgVmV. Vwbm eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 640) wZ:$& wZm` Z_:$& lr_V. Vg{M, odaMZ{`m `yhmVrb oVgam `yh. odaMZm_H$ AmoU E{` gmoY AgUmam hUyZ Vwbm wZ: hUVmV. Vwbm odZ_ dXZ Agm{. 641) Ao_VodH$_:$& Ao_VodH$_m` Z_:$& Ag` [amH$_ H$aUmam, Ag` [mdb{ Q>mH$Umam, odmVrb Ag` oH$`m hUO{ `m`m [mD$bIwUm Amh{V Agm. Vg{M Ag` ApVdmM{ d OmoUdmM{ Va [ma H$aUmam AmoU ^$mH$adr h{ gd Va [ma H$adyZ K{D$Z `mZm dd$[r pWa H$aUmam. A` Q>m [amkmZm_`{ d [amdmUrdmQ>{ H$_U, gH$_U H$aUmam d KS>dUmam hUyZhr Vy Ao_VodH$_: Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 168 && 169. H$mbZ{o_oZhm dra: emna: eyaOZ{a:$& obm{H$m_m obm{H{$e: H{$ed: H{$oehmhna:$&& 642) H$mbZ{o_oZhm$& H$mbZ{o_oZZ{ Z_:$& H$mbZ{o_ X`mbm _maUmam h{ gJwU $[. A` Q>m H$mbmVrV ApVdmZ{ odmVrb gd H$mhr H$[mVm`m d{ir H$mimgH$Q> dV:_`{ em{fyZ K{Umam. A` AWmZ{ H$mi hr _`moXV ApVd d Vm` ]wrVyZ oZ_mU Pmb{br gH$[Zm Amh{. `m jUr Ad`o$Vm MrVrg `{V{ `m jUr ^$mdarb H$mimMm ^md d H$mimMm [JS>m Z> hm{Vm{. hUyZ Vw`m_mU{M Vw`m ^$mgmR>rhr H$mimM{ ApVd amhV Zmhr. V{ H{$di goXmZX_` hm{D$ZM amhVmV. hUyZhr Vwbm H$mbZ{o_oZhm hUVmV. Vwbm H$m{Q>r H$m{Q>r XS>dV Agm{V. 643) dra:$& dram` Z_:$& gd Vh{`m gHw$oMV X{h]wrO` AkmZmMm Aearar, OS>-MV`mVrV kmZ_`V{Z{ $S>em [mS>Umam gdeo$_mZ kmZr Ba VyM Amh{g. Vw`m MrVrZ{ ^$mZmhr Vy h{ JwUmVrV gm_` XmZ H$aVm{g. Vwbm _mP{ H$VkVm[ydH$ ^md[yU dXZ Agm{. 644) emna:$& ema`{ Z_:$& eya `m `mXd Hw$imV O_ K{Vb{bm H$U AmoU Xwgam AW AqO` j_Vm Agb{bm. lrH$U m Vw`m gJwU $[mVyZ Vw`m AqO` j_V{Mr OmUrd hmdr h{ AZw`yV AgV{. Vw`m _aUmV Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 645) eyaOZ{a:$& eyaOZ{am` Z_:$& eyamMr eyaVm d eyaV{Mrhr eyaVm qH$dm eyaV{Mm CJ_ d H$Vm Vy Amh{g. eyam`m AV]m amhZ em` JQ> H$aUmam hUyZ eyaOZ{a: hUO{ eyamMm Ba Vy Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 646) obm{H$m_m$& obm{H$m_Z{ Z_:$& oVhr bm{H$mMm Am_m. `mMm _oWVmW Vy ApVd d OmoUd{`m gd VamZm AV]m `m[Umam `mM{ Ia{ d$[ d oZ`Vm Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 169 && 170. 647) obm{H{$e:$& obm{H{$em` Z_:$& oVhr bm{H$mMm hUO{ gwfwr, OmJVr d dZ m oVhr [mV`mMm Ba, oZ`Vm, kmVm. gd [napWVrV d OmoUd{`m gd AdWm_`{ ApVdmM{ oZ`U H$aUmam. Vw`mM H$[{Z{ ^$mZm h{ kmZ hm{V{ d _Zm`m gd AdWm_`{ VwPrM AmZXXm`r oZH$Q>Vm bm^yZ `m g`mMm `j AZw^dhr `{Vm{. Vwbm _Z:[ydH$ Z_Z Agm{. 648) H{$ed:$& H{$edm` Z_:$& hUO{ bm]gS>H$ gwXa H{$g AgUmam H$U. m gJwU $[mMm _oWVmW gm`m odmbm D$Om X{Umam, MV` X{Umam, kmZoH$aU d gm_`mM{ A_VoH$aU X{Umam Agm hm{Vm{. Vg{M H$ hUO{ ]X{d d d hUO{ oed h{ Xm{hr Vw`mVyZ C[ Pmb{ hUO{M C[mr, pWVr d odb` Vw`mM Amk{Z{ hm{VmV. Vw`m_wi{M hm{VmV hUyZhr Vwbm H{$ed hUVmV. Vwbm odma dXZ Agm{. 649) H{$oehm$& H{$oeZ{ Z_:$& H{$oe Zmdm`m X`mMm dY H$aUmam. m gJwU $[mVyZ A`m_ AmoU BagmYZm `mM{ W{Q> g_mO OrdZ _y`[Vrer Agb{b{ ZmV{ d Xw>dmdarb gw>dmMr _mV [> hm{VmV AmoU g_mOOrdZ d `o$OrdZm_`{ R>m{g _mJXeZ o_iV{. Vwbm eVe: Um_ Agm{V. 650) hna:$& ha`{ Z_:$& hUO{ haU H$aUmam. Vy ^$mM{ AkmZ, AkmZmg H$maU Aer X{h]wr, `mMm AhH$ma, `mM{ _Z, `mM{ Xw:I, `mM{ g[yU gHw$oMV ApVdM haU H$aVm{g. hUyZ Vwbm hna: hUVmV. `m`m AV]m amhZ Vy `mMr OmUrd dV:_`{ em{fyZ `mZm `m`m Ad`o$H$ "d'Mr `mZm MrVr X{Vm{g. Vwbm _mP{ gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. H$m_X{d: H$m_[mb: H$m_r H$mV: H$VmJ_:$& AoZX}`d[wodUwduam{@ZVm{ YZO`:$&& 651) H$m_X{d:$& H$m_X{dm` Z_:$& A`V odbm{^Zr` Bar AZw^d Vg{M Y_, AW, H$m_ d _m{j h{ gma{ X{Umam gm_`dmZ AmoU AmH$fH$ Ba Vy Amh{g. A` Q>m gd Vh{`m BN>mMm ghZ{ && 170 && 171. H$Vm-H$m_ZmMm Ba. `{H$ BN>m, AmH$mjm, dmgZm, Amg$s `mMm H$maH$ Vy Amh{g `m OmoUd{Z{ ^$ aogH$V{Z{ [na[yU Ag{ OrdZ OJVm{ d Am_kmZmMm `mdhmnaH$ AmXe AmodH$V H$aVm{. AmO`m gX^mV [mhVm ^$m`m d`o$H$ AmH$mjmM{ C`Z odH$`mUm`m AmH$mj{V hm{U{ d `m CV AmH$mjmMr [yVu hm{U{ hrM ^$mdarb VwPr H$[m hm{`. Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 652) H$m_[mb:$& H$m_[mbm` Z_:$& gd H$m_ZmMm oZ_mVm d gJm{[ZH$Vm. g[yU MamMam_Yrb `{H$ AUwa{Uw`m gH$[e$sMm OZH$ Vy Amh{g AmoU d`o$H$ [mVirda `{H$m`m X`mVrb ododY Amem-AmH$mjmMm OZH$hr VyM Amh{g. VwPr mWZm hUO{ H$m_Zm`m oZ_m`mMr mWZm, H$m_Zm `m`m[mgyZ d `m`m AoH$V Amh{V AemMr mWZm. Aem Vh{Z{ H$m_Zm`m _wimer Om{ J{bm Vm{ Vx[ Pmbm. d`o$H$Q>m dmgZmVrV H$m_ZmVrV Pmbm. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 653) H$m_r$& H$mo_Z{ Z_:$& H$m_ZmMm CJ_ d oggH$[ Ag`m_wi{ gd BN>m V Pmb{bm qH$dm BN>m (A[yUV{M{ bjU) ZgUmam qH$dm Xwg`m H$ma{ [moh`mg, H$m_r hUO{ gdl{> Aer odoZo_Vr-pWVr-b` `mMr BN>m H$aUmam. Vw`m_mU{ d`o$H$Q>m BN>mhrZ hm{U{ qH$dm odgH$[ d odoH$`{V gh^mJr hm{U{ `m Xm{hr VhmZr ^$ Vd$[ hm{Vm{. BN>m ZgUmam `m AWmVrb _oWVmW Agmhr oZKVm{ H$s H$m`- H$maU, ^md-A^md, BN>m-BN>m[yVu Aem H$m{U`mhr gJmZm WiH$mimVrV[U{ `m[Umam d hUyZ H$Yrhr BN>{Z{ bS>]Sy>Z Z OmUmam. Vwbm oeagm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 654) H$mV:$& H$mVm` Z_:$& `mM{ Xm{Z AW Amh{V. 1) ]X{dmMm ghmaH$Vm 2) gwXa. C[mr, pWVr d odb` Vg{M OmoUd{Mrhr C[mr, pWVr, odH$mg d b` `mMm oZ`Vm d hUyZ ]X{dmbmhr e{dQ>r dV:_`{ odbrZ H$aUmam A_a d gwXa Ba yV Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 655) H$VmJ_:$& H$VmJ_m` Z_:$& lwVr, _Vr (AmJ_) `mMm H$Vm, Om{ Z`m `wJmMm ma^ H$aVm{. H$mht`m _V{ H$V `wJmMm Ama^H$Vm. Va d{J`m >rZ{ H$VmJ_: hUO{ MamMamMm oZ_mVm. ghZ{ && 171 && 172. _mZdr BoVhmgmV dV:bm ododY H$ma{ JQ> H$aUmam d OrdZm_`{ H$moVH$maH$ [nadVZ{ KS>dyZ AmUUmam. oZ[hVm hm{Vr. lwVr H{$di ]woJ` ZmhrV. `m_wi{ `m`m_`{ Agb{b{ [dr`m CJ_mM{ VH$emr`, ]moH$ odb{fUhr AmO [Q>b{ qH$dm Zmhr Varhr Am_mZw^dmoYo>V lwVr `m AmOhr gm`m odmbm Xr[V^m_mU{ _mJXeH$ Amh{V. _VtMr aMZm Ia{ Va VH$gJV g_mOodMmamda AmYmab{br hm{Vr. [U `m`mV AV^yV Agb{bm V[erb g_mOmM{ ^moVH$kmZ d J^Vm `m`m _`mXm_wi{ Xm{f[yU ]ZV J{bm. AmO kmZ-odkmZ-VkmZmMr EdT>r JVr Pmbr Var _Vrbm ]moH$ AmhmZ C^{ hm{D$ eH$b{b{ Zmhr, AmoU [`m`r `dWm V`ma hm{D$ eH$b{br Zmhr. H$maU _oVUrV g_mO`dW{_`{ ]hg` `$sMr gw]m{Mr Am{T> XS>[VmZmM KmVH$ damMmamMr Am{T>X{Irb XS>[`mV Ambr. hr odf_ g_mO`dWm d OmoV^{X em{ofVmH$Sy>Zhr drH$mabm J{bm. H$maU Vm{ _ZwZ{ EH$ dm AZ{H$ `$s dm g_mOKQ>H$mZm H{$di gwaoMV H{$b{bm [U dmVodH$ [mhVm _Zw`d^mdmMm, ZgoJH$ AmMma hm{Vm d AOyZhr Amh{ d hUyZM Vm{ odf_ AgyZhr OJmV gd d{Jd{J`m d$[mV oQ>H$bm, d Vm{ $T> H$aUmam _Zw `wJdVH$ R>abm. `m _Zw`m $[m_`{ V{hm `wJdVH$ R>ab{bm Vy AmO Vr g[yU `dWm Am_kmZm`m [m`mda ^mdr[U{ `m` `dWm $[mVnaV H$aUmam (H$VmJ_:) Amh{g. H$maU ""`{H$ `wJmbm d{Jir `m` `dWm AmUUmam emgH$'' hm _Zw m eXmMm AW Amh{. Zwg`m goXN>m d ghmZw^yVr qH$dm AmH$Vmi{[Um dm qhgmMmamZ{ `m` `dWm `{D$ eH$V Zmhr. VyM Am_kmZroYo>V, ododYmJr d gohUw odgH$VrMm oZ_mVm Amh{g. Z`m `wJmMm oZ_mVm Amh{g. Vw`m `m H$m`m_`{ `{H$ jU `VrV hm{VmZm Vwbm eVe: bm{Q>mJU{ Agm{V. 656) AoZX}`d[w:$& AoZX}`d[wf{ Z_:$& Om{ XmIodVm `{V Zmhr AmoU g_OmdyZ X{Vm `{V Zmhr. Vy ApVdm`m gd Vam`m AVrV gd H$mhr AV]m `m[`m_wi{ Vwbm XmIod`mgmR>r, XmIdUmam, ]KUmam d ]K`mMr dVy (Vy) h{ d{Ji{ Ag`mMr AQ> [yU hm{V Zmhr. ApVddmXr VdkmZm_`{ `mMr XIb K{`mV Ambr Amh{. `m`m >rZ{ Z OmUVm `{`mgmaIr j{, ]m]r AgVmV `mV VwPm g_md{e hm{Vm{. Vy ^yV-dV_mZ-^od` gma{ `m[`mZ{hr Vwbm XmIdU{ Ae` Amh{. gHw$oMV ApVd H$m`_ R>{dyZ Vwbm XmIdUmam d ]KUmam Hw$Urhr H$Yrhr Agy eH$V Zmhr. [aVw ApVddmmZr `mMr Zm|X K{Vb{br oXgV Zmhr V{ Ad`o$H$ Am_kmZr VwPm W{Q> AZw^d K{VmV d Vw`m H$[{Z{ BVamZm X{D$ eH$VmV. $$ `m oH$`{_`{hr XmIdb{b{, XmIdUmam d ghZ{ && 172 && 173. `mbm XmIdb{ Agm, h{ oVhrhr d{Ji{ amhmV ZmhrV. ^$m`m AV`m_r MrVr X{Um`m AoZX}`d[w: Aem Vwbm H$Vk dXZ Agm{. 657) odUw:$& odUd{ Z_:$& gma{ H$mhr AV]m `m[Umam. VwP{ ApVd, "ApVd' eXm`m $T>mWm`m AVrV Amh{. X{d hr gH$[Zm ^rVr, AgwaojVVm, `mdhmnaH$ JaO, ^mdoZH$ JaO, oZgJoZ`_modf`rM{ AkmZ dJa{ ododY H$maUmVyZ C[ Pmbr AmoU oQ>H$br Agbr Var X{dmMr d{XmVr H$[Zm hr A`V emdV d g` AZw^dmVyZM odH$ogV Pmb{br Amh{. Vr VH$gm` Zmhr h{ Og{ Ia{ Vg{M Vr AZw^dgm` AZw^dmg `{D$ eH$Umar oMVrg `{Umar Amh{ h{hr Ia{ Amh{. AmO dkmoZH$ Q>m H$m{UVrhr dVw Zme [mdV Zmhr, H{$di pW`VnaV hm{V{ hr ]m] og Pmbr Amh{. oOdV _Zw`mZ{ Vm{ d BVa gdH$mhr pW`VnaV hm{V{ hr ]m] og Pmbr Amh{. oOdV _Zw`mZ{ Vm{ d BVa gd H$mhr pW`VnaV Pm`mZVa "O{ H$mhr AgV{' `m "dVyMm', Ad`o$H$ OmoUd{Z{ oOdV[Ur AZw^d K{Vbm d `mbm X{d, Ba, ] dJa{ hQ>b{. [U hm AZw^d K{VmZm `mbm h{hr hiwhiw [U oZoV[U{ OmUdb{, H$s `mbm Amb{br MrVr dmVodH$ `m dVyZ{M `mbm H$$Z oXb{br Amh{. Ad`o$H$, oZ`H$, pW`VamoVV, OS> MV`mVrV, gOrd-oZOudmVrV BamZ{ `$sbm `m`mer g_ag H$$Z K{U{ hm EH$ l{>V_ AZw^d d _mZdr gH$VrMm AmYma hUyZ AOmdYr bm{H$mH$Sy>Z eVH$mZweVH{$ dUZ H{$bm J{bm. H$maU m AZw^dm_`{ `$sM{ gHw$oMV ApVd g[U{, dmV`, gm_`, AmZX, gwaojVVm, oZ^`Vm, odm_H$Vm AZw^dmbm `{U{ Ag{ CXmmV_ [by AV^yV Ag`mM{ ododY ^$m`m AZw^dmg `{V J{b{. AmO`m [napWVrV _mZdmZ{ Vw`mda AYlm R>{dU{ h{ A`V KmVH$ Amh{ h{ O{dT>{ Ia{ V{dT>{M dV:Mr gHw$oMVVm PQ>Hy$Z VwPr AZw^yVr K{`mMr gYr Z K{U{hr _yI[UmM{ Amh{. Ia ]wrZ{ g`mMm em{Y K{V, `{H$ AZw^d ^moVH$ dmV`m`m H$gm{Q>rda KmgyZ [mhV AmoU gHw$oMV X{h]wrO` X^m`m ^mdmVyZ Vw`m H$[{Z{ ]mh{a [S>`mg VwPr oMVr e` Amh{. VwPr oMVr hUO{ pW`VamVrV, oZ`H$ Ad`o$H$ AdW{_`{ [naUV hm{Uma{ ^$m_`{ KSy>Z `{Uma{ pW`Va. m H$moVH$maH$ J^V_ AdW{_`{ AV]m ew ]wr, odemb doH$ >r, gohUw V m, oZ:[ h Vm, AmZ X d gm_` `{ V { . hr AdWm hUO{ M odgH$Vr`m odhJ_ AmodH$mamM{ H$mbmVrV oZ`H$ ]rO hm{`. Ad`o$H$, oZ`H$, pW`VamVrV, OS>-MV`mVrV, H$mbmVrV, gOrd-oZOudmVrV, emdV Aem h{ ApVdm- h{ Bam- odgH$Vr`m Vw`m `m _hmZ gH$[m`m ogrV ghZ{ && 173 && 174. _mP{ Ord `VrV hm{dm{. Vw`m MaUr _mP{ oU[mV Agm{V. 658) dra:$& dram` Z_:$& hUO{ Y`dmZ, gmhgr. gHw$oMV, Xw]im, AgwaojV, Zg`mZ{ d A_a Ag`mZ{ Y` hm `mMm Wm`r^md AgVm{ Agm Aearar Ba Vy Amh{g. ^$mZmhr Vw`m d`^w, d`[yU, dV AmoU gm_`dmZ oMVrZ{ Vy dra ]ZdV{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 659) AZV:$& AZVm` Z_:$& Wi H$mimVrV Ag`mZ{ pW`VamVrV Agm d `mMm AV Zg`mM{ _`moXV ]wrZ{ og H$aU{ Ae` Amh{ Agm. Vwbm _mP{ eVe: oU[mV Agm{V. 660) YZO`:$& YZO`m` Z_:$& AOwZ. `m gJwU $[mVyZ gdm}` Y`, em` AmoU Bamer EH$m_Vm `m JwUmH$S>{ oZX}e H$a`mV Ambm Amh{. JwUmVrV d gdJwUg[ Aem Vwbm godZ` Ao^dmXZ Agm{. ]`m{ ]H$X ]m ] ]oddYZ:$& ]odX]mUm{ ]r ]km{ ]mUo`:$&& 661) ]`:$& ]`m` Z_:$& V[, em{, g`, kmZ B`mXr `mbm o` Amh{V Agm. Xwg`m Q>rZ{ ]Z hUO{ Ord `mbm o` AgVm{ Agm. AZmXr-AZV Aearar ApVdmZ{ OmoUd{`m CV_ VamZ{ _m{jXm`r OmoUd{bm oZH$Q>V{Z{ AmH$fyZ K{Umam (d _m{j X{Umam) VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 662) ]H$V$& ]H$V{ Z_:$& dJa{ _m{jXm`r kmZmMm Iam H$Vm Vy Amh{g. H$maU gmjmH$mar [wfmM{ ApVd, `mMr OmUrd d `mM{ H$m` `mMm Iam CXJmVm d oZ`Vm VyM Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ dXZ Agm{. 663) ]m$& ]U{ Z_:$& ]X{d. `m gJwU $[mVyZ VwPm gOZerbV{Mm JwU oXXoeV H{$bm OmVm{. Vw`m H$[{Z{ _hm`mZm m hm{Umar odH$`mUH$mar gOZerbVmhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm ghZ{ && 174 && 175. Z_ Um_ Agm{V. 664) ]$& ]U{ Z_:$& ]hdmV ]$& qH$dm g` kmZ_ZV ]$& gdmV _m{R>m, `m[H$, g`, A$mQ> d kmZ_`. gd Yo_`mH$Sy>Z ododY $[mV [yObm OmUmam Vg{M ZmpVH$mH$Sy>Z ey` qH$dm ApVdmV ZmhrgM Ag{ g_Obm OmUmam Vg{M [wH$imH$Sy>Z d`o$H$ BN>{-AmH$mj{`m AVrV e$s hUyZ _m` Pmb{bm AmoU bmIm|Zm `m`m ApVdmodf`r hm{` qH$dm Zmhr Agm H$m{UVmhr Ao^m` X{Vm `{V Zmhr Agm JwU$[mVrV, gd`m[r, pW`VamVrV oZ`H$ VyM Amh{g. Vwbm AIS> dXZ Agm{. 665) ]oddYZ:$& ]oddYZm` Z_:$& odoZ`_mM{ d odoZ``mM{ (hUO{ VwP{ dV:M{) g[yU d AMyH$ kmZ EH$m_^mdmZ{ (H$maU ] VyM Amh{g) AgUmam VyM Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 667) ]mU:$& ]mUm` Z_:$& `mMr OmUrd ]_`, ]^yV AgyZ eara H{$di `mM OmoUd{V dmdaV{ Agm EH$[UmZ{ (] d Vm{ EH$ Amh{V Aem Vh{Z{) ] OmUUmam (AZw^dUmam), CXmm _mZdr H$`mUH|$mMm MmbVm ]m{bVm AmodH$ma hUO{ ]mU. ]mUm`m [m{Q>r O_Umam Vm{ ]mU. C Hw$imV, C OmVrV O_Umam Vm{ C AmoU ZrM OmVrV O_Umam Vm{ ZrM hm MwH$sMm AW AZ{H$ H$maUm_wi{ eVH$mZweVH{$ $T> Amh{. 1) gdgm_m`[U{ ""ew ]rOm[m{Q>r $i{ agmi Jm{_Q>r'' h{ [wH$imZm [Q>V{. H$maU oZgJm_`{ Am`m`m PmS>mbm Am]m d H$m`m`m PmS>mbm H$mbu `{VmV h{ haKS>r >m{[mrg `{V{. 2) `dhmam_`{ dmoeH$ d OmVr` Aem ]m doeQ>m_wi{ d AmZwdoeH$Vm oZarjUmV Am`m_wi{ O_OmV CZrMdm`m H$[ZmZm H$mhr _mUmV [w>r o_imbr. CXm. gdgm_m`[U{ Jm`H$m`m _wbm`m a$mV Jm`H$s d hema AmB]m[m`m _wbmV hemar AgU{. 3) H$mQw>o]H$ (OmVrM{) dmVmdaU `mMm Jam{Xa rMr _mZogH$ AdWm, d AmMaU `m`mda AmoU `m AdW{Mm d AmMaUmMm A[`mda [naUm_ hm{Vm{. 4) `mdgmo`H$ dmVmdaUmZ{ OmVr doeQ>{ KS>VmV. CXmhaUmW, Hw$^mamMm ghZ{ && 175 && 176. _wbJm ]mb[Um[mgyZ A`V {_i _mVm-o[Vm-]Yw-^oJZr`m ghdmgmV A`V ZgoJH$[U{ Hw$^maH$m_ oeH$Vm{. ]mb[Um_`{M Hw^maH$bm, `jmZw^d, `mdgmo`H$ ZrVr_mm AmoU C[OrodH{$M{ g_mOm{[`m{Jr gmYZ `mbm o_iV{. 5) g_mOmbm gm_moOH$, amOH$s`, dkmoZH$, A`mp_H$ AmoX ododY ]m]t_`{ _mJXeZ H$aU{ (hUO{ _whV, AZw>mZ{, gH$ma, odmXmZ, dJa{ ]mUmMr H$m_{) `m[H$ H$`mUH$mar AoY>mZm_wi{ C g_Ob{ J{b{. H$maU ^moVH$ d dkmoZH$ JVr`m AmoU A`mp_H$ CVr`m `m Q>`mda g_mOmbm Aem Z{VdmMr JaO hm{Vr. AmOhr ]`mM _mUmV Amh{. 6) OmVr]Vm d ]bwV{Xmar`m MmH$Q>rV ]hg` `$sMr d`o$H$ _hdmH$mjm XS>[br J{br Varhr d`o$H$ dmWmYVmhr oMaS>V J{br `m_wi{ d`o$H$ dmWmZwgma `dgm` H$a`mda ]YZ{ Ambr AmoU AZmJm|Xr Q>ibr. `m_wi{ [a[amdb]r, [a[a[yaH$ OmVr-`dgm`-AmMma V`ma Pmb{ AmoU OmVr`dWm K> Pmbr AmoU odf` AgyZhr oQ>Hy$Z amohbr. `m `dW{_`{ gwgdmXr gwgyVm [yU g_mOW`mbm W_ mYm` d d`o$H$ _hdmH$mjm d CH$fmbm Xw`_ WmZ hm{V{. `m_wi{ odf_Vm d MmVwd`mdWm H$m{U`mhr OmVrH$Sy>Z `m[H$ _mUmda A`m` g_Obr J{br Zmhr. EdT>{M Zh{ Va gm_moOH$ W`m`m o>H$m{ZmVyZ ododY oZ`_ d $T>r ]ZV J{`m d `o$dmV`mMr dm H$mhr g_yhmMr JiM{[r Pmbr Varhr drH$ma`m J{`m. ode{fV: Y_ hm g_mOOrdZmMm _ybmYma _mZbm J{bm Ag`mZ{ Y_odam{Y/Y_]m dVZ AmXtgmR>r dmirV Q>mH$`m[mgyZ _`yXS>m[`V AZ{H$ H$R>m{a oejm X{Irb $T> Pm`m AmoU g_mOmH$Sy>Z drH$ma`m J{`m Agm`m. [m[-[w`modf`r`m H$[Zm, Jwh{JmarMr ^mdZm, [mmm[mMr ^mdZm, gm_moOH$ `dW{Mr ]moYbH$s d oV`mda Adb]yZ AgU{ `m_wi{ gd Vam_`{ H$_r AoYH$ _mUmda odf_ OmVr`dWm drH$mabr J{br Agmdr. [m[-[w`m`m H$[Zm_`{ ]m[mZ{ H{$b{b{ [m[ _wbmZ{ ^m{JyZ g[d`mMr H$[Zmhr hm{Vr. `mVyZhr de[a[amJV CZrMV{bm d A[`V{bm IV[mUr o_imb{ AgU{ e` Amh{. 7) OmVr`dWm AmoU CZrMVm Oem T>_yb hm{V J{`m Ver [m[mM{ $i ZrM OmVrV O_ K{D$Z d [w`mM{ $i C OmVrV O_ K{D$Z ^m{Jmd{ bmJV{ Ver H$[Zmhr T> Pm`m_wi{ gmhoOH$M, [w` H$aUm`mbm O_ K{`mgmR>r C AmoU [m`mbm [wT>Mm O_ K{Vm `mdm hUyZ ZrM OmVr AgU{ drH$mamh R>ab{ Agmd{. ghZ{ && 176 && 177. gmhoOH$M [w`[wf [wT>`m O_r C Hw$imV O_ K{Vm{ Agm odMma $T> hm{D$Z OmVr` ]YZ{ [m[[w`mZwgma O_m[ydu oZoV hm`bm AmoU `m` g_Obr Om`mbm d `m_wi{ O_m[mgyZ-_`y[`V H$m`_ amhm`bm _XV Pmbr Agmdr. Ba^$ Q>m gVmZm _VrUrV OmVr`dhmamVrb A`m`, g[yU g_mOmbm Am_kmZmM{ [na_mU oX`mg Z> hm{Bb h{ H$ib{ d `m_wi{ `mZr gdm`m A`mp_H$ ]m{YZmda d CVrda ^a oXbm. g_VmdmXr odMmadVmZr `mdhmnaH$ g_V{Mm [waH$ma H{$bm. [aVw `mMr hr _mJUr CXmm _mZdr {aU{VyZ, H$U{VyZ qH$dm AgVm{fm`m C{H$mVyZ Pmbr hm{Vr. `m`m odf_Vm ZmH$ma`m`m/ Zm[gVr`m dmr d MiditZr OmVr`dW{g_m{a R>m{g [`m` R>{dbm Zmhr. AmO g_OyZ `m`bm hd{ H$s A`mp_H$ CVrMr oH$`m `$sbm gHw$oMV[UmH$Sy>Z odemb[UmH$S>{ K{ D $Z Om`bm d H$Qw > d H$_r hm`bm Va w $ b{ - _mg - Am]{S>H$amXtMr bm{H$-OmJaU d A`m`odam{YmMr oH$`m ^moVH$ dmV` d gw]m{gmR>r C[`w$ R>abr. [aVw A`mp_H$ CVr AmoU ^moVH$ g_r `mMm _{i (Om{ A`md`H$ Amh{) ]gb{bm Zmhr h{ g` Amh{. eVH$mZweVH{$ oQ>H$b{br AmO H$mb]m Pmb{br OmVr`dWm gHw$oMV[UmH$Sy>Z odembdmH$S>{ J{`moedm` I`m AWmZ{ OmUma Zmhr. H$maU d`o$H$ gHw$oMVVm Amh{ Vm{[`V Zd{ KmVH$ ^{X^md V`ma hm{V amhUmaM. `mMr CXmhaU{ OJmV O{W{ MmVwd`mdWm Zmhr oVW{ X{Irb AmOhr AmT>iVmV. V{hm Oa OmVr`dWm ^mdr[U{ Kmbdm`Mr Ag{b Va Am_kmZ, odkmZ, >{[Um, `mdhmnaH$ ehmU[Um `mMr H$mg Y$Z `mda AmYmab{br amOH$s`, ejoUH$, AmoWH$, Amam{`odf`H$ dJa{ Ym{aU{ ApVdmV AmUm`bm hdrV d am]dm`bm hdrV. hr {aUm d e$s, H$m`m, dmMm, _ZmZ{ d ]wrZ{ g`mMm em{Y K{`mZ{ AmoU ^Jdm__aUmZ{ `{V{. F$fr-_wZr d gVmZr oXb{`m ^Jdm_mMm AmO`m H$mimVrb gX^ d _hd h{ Ag{ Amh{. MmVwd` _mZb hUyZ gVmda oH$Vrhr AmJ[mIS> H{$br d g_mOdmXmMm oH$Vrhr CXm{CXm{ H{$bm Var AmOhr OJm`m H$mZmH$m{[`mVyZ H$m`mZm, AmoXdmgrZm, [aY_u`mZm, [aOmVr`mZm em{ofV OmVtZm, emarnaH$ H$>mMr H$m_{ H$aUm`mZm qH$dm KmU{aS>r (gm$g$mB) H$m_{ H$aUm`mZm Or dmJUyH$ o_iV{ Vr bjmV K{Vbr Va g_V{`m gH$[Z{Mr [adS> Pmb{br oXgV{. g`m`m d Am_kmZm`m AoVhV[U{ dmT>V OmUm`m d [gaV OmUm`m OmoUd{_wi{M O_OmV bhmZ_m{R>{[Um d `m`mer oZJS>rV A`m` ^mdZm AmoU `dhma (O_ _`y`m AVrV Aem OmoUd{V) odaKiyZ OmD$ eH$VmV. gma od ghZ{ && 177 && 178. ]OmoUd{Z{ Am{Vm{V ^$Z OmU, hm H{$di O_moYo>VM CZrMVm, ^{Xm^{X AmoU H$Qw>Vm Zh{ Va Y_moYo>V, ^mfmoYo>V, mVmoYo>V, AWmoYo>V, demoYo>V, `dgm`moYo>V CZrMVm d Ag{ gdH$maM{ ^{Xm^{X d H$Qw>Vm _m{Sy>Z H$mT>`mMm _mJ Amh{. ZgoJH$ $aH$ amhU{ [U O_m{O_rMr, o[T>mZ o[T>mMr, Am`w`^aMr ]YZ{ Z amhU{, A`m` ^mdZm d `dhma Z amhU{, Am_m{Vr, g`mMm em{Y d oMVr AmoU ^moVH$ gw]mm mMr _hmma{ EH$mM d{ir gdmZm Iwbr hm{U{ hm OmVr`dWm d BVa ^{XmMm VH$ew, dmVodH$, H$`mUH$mar d amV e{dQ> Amh{. g$sMm dUgH$a qH$dm A` H$m{U`mhr H$o_ C[m`mZr (V{ `m` d H$Um[yU dmQ>b{ Var) Zh{ Va g`mMr H$mg Y$ZM odH$`mUH$mar d `o$H$`mUH$mar gH$Vr `jmV `{Bb. r-[wf, ]mb-d, H$mim-Jm{am, [ew-_mZd, CM-R>|Jy, ]wo_mZ-oZ]w, ^mdZmYmZ-dmgZmYmZ, gmmo[[mgy-oZarN> Ag{ OrdZmM{ gd [by g_V{`m VdmZ{ Zh{ Va dmV`m`m dm`dm`m VdmZ{M EH$m_ hm{Vrb. [a[a[m{fH$ d H$`mUH$mar hm{Vrb. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 668) ]r$& ]oU{ Z_:$& BW{ ] hUO{ d{X-d{XmV dJa{ Am_kmZXm`r gd JWmMm Ame`. `mMm hm Ame` gm_mdUmam, hUO{M _mZdr k{bm AmH$ib{b{ gdH$mhr `jmV `m`mV AV^yV Amh{ Agm. Vwbm _mP{ odZ_ Z_Z Agm{. 669) ]k:$& ]km` Z_:$& ] OmUUmam. Vy dV:M I`m AWmZ{ dV:bm (]mbm) OmUVm{g. ]kmZr d hUyZ odm_`{ ]kmZ gMma`mgmR>r EH$_{d l{>V_ _mJXeH$ Vy Amh{g. Vg{M `mgmR>r odm_`{ gm_` Am{VUmamhr Vy Amh{g. g_mZV{`m [waH$`mZm AmoU gHw$oMV X{h]woO` ]wodmXmMm A>mhmg YaUm`mZm Vw`m oMVrZ{M AV]m J^V{Mm d g_rMm _hm_mJ gm[Sy> eH$Vm{ d Vm{ AmMa`mg gm_`mMm m{Vhr o_iy eH$Vm{. AmB-_wbm_Yrb g_mZVm ZgVmZmhr Agb{b{ _hmZ ZmV{ qH$dm H$m{U`mhr VH$mMm [m`m ZgVmZmhr AgUma{ _Zw`m_Yrb [a[aodf`H$ {_ `m_YyZ J^ hm{V J{`mda oMVrg `{Uma{ ]kmZ h{ odgH$VrMm, [m`m, oZ`H$ ]rO d gm_`m{V Amh{. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 670) ]mUo`:$& ]mUo`m` Z_:$& ] m Um Z m o` AgUmam Vy gd l { > Jw $, ghm`H$, _mJ X e H $ d Am_kmZoH$`{Mm, Am_gmjmH$mamMm oZ`H$ H$Vm Amh{g. `m_wi{ ]mUmZm ghZ{ && 178 && 179. o` Amh{g AmoU Am_gmjmH$mar d Am_gmjmH$mam`m oZH$Q> OmUma{ Ag{ O{ (H$_r-AoYH$) ]mU Amh{V V{ Vwbm o` Amh{V d Vy `mZm gmjmH$ma X{Vm{g. Vwbm H$Vk Z_H$ma Agm{V. _hmH$_m{ _hmH$_m _hmV{Om _hm{aJ:$& _hmH$Vw_hm`dm _hm`km{ _hmhod:$&& 671) _hmH$_:$& _hmH$_m` Z_:$& hUO{ _m{R>r [mdb{ Q>mH$Umam. dm_ZmdVma. `mMm _oVVmW Agm H$s Vy od`m[r d H$mimVrV AgyZ odmVrb AZV [mV`mdarb Ag` ApVdm`m g]YmVrb ododY KQ>Zm d odo^ KQ>ZmH$_mMm, `m KQ>ZmH$_m_Yrb [a[a g]YmMm emVm Amh{g. gd H$mhr JUZmVrV EH$m_V{Z{ (O{ EH$mM d{ir EH$hr AgV{ d AZVhr AgV{) `m[Umam, YmaU H$aUmam Amh{g. Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. 672) _hmH$_m$& _hmH$_U{ Z_:$& hUO{ _m{R>r H$m`} [ma [mS>Umam. Vy, gm`m `m` odmMm _ybmYma, oZ_mVm, oZ`Vm, kmVm d gdgmmYre AgyZ h{ gd _hmZV_ H$m` [ma [mS>Vm{g. OmoUd{`m oddojV [mViroedm` hr AZw^yVr `{V Zmhr. `m_wi{ Vwbm (g`) OmU`mMm `Z H$aU{ h{M EH$_{d _hmZV_ H$m` _Zw`OrdZmMm AmoU od`dhmamMm H|$q]Xy Amh{. `{` Amh{. h{Vy Amh{. gm` Amh{. gmYZ Amh{. `m_wi{ AYl{[m{Q>r Vw`mda odmg R>{dU{ AmoU ^rVr[m{Q>r VwPr `WmgmJ [yOm-AMm-AZw>mZ{ H$aU{ H$adyZ K{U{ h{ _w$sM{ gmYZ Zh{. Vg{M dV:`m _`moXV gHw$oMV ApVdmMr gmW OmU Z R>{dVm X{h]wr_wi{ `{Umam Xwamo^_mZ ]miJU{ d AhH$maO` dmWmY damMma H$aU{ h{hr H$`mUmM{ gmYZ Zh{. _wO, b, [yOm B`mXr H$m{UVmhr odoY hm _ybV: Am_kmZmM{ gmYZ AgVm{. `mM_mU{ _, V, `k-`mJ, Zm__aU, Vm{[mR>, dJa{ Vw`m mrMrM gmYZ{ hm{V. OJmVrb gd H$ma`m bm{H$mZr (Vw`m H$[{Z{ oZ_mU hm{Um`m d{N>{Z{ Oa h{ `mZmV K{Vb Va gd Wm d odYr (_ybV: Am_kmZmM{ _mJ) gdmZm Iwb{ hm{D$Z Om{-Vm{ dV:`m Hw$dVr-gm{`rZwgma dV:`m d BVam`m H$`mUmMm `Z H$arb d EH$m_ gX`V{da AmYmab{br Am_kmZmda AmYmab{br odgH$Vr `jmV AmUrb. H$_H$mS>{, Wm, $T>r, nadmO, [yOm[Vr, _V, odYr, gH$ma, [a[am m_mJ{ Agb{b{ V` JyT> Amh{ `m_wi{ V{ gm_m` _mUgmda Z bmXVm gm{[{ Zm_ gVmZr gdmZm oXb{ hm `mMm ghZ{ && 179 && 180. gyk[Um hm{`. [aVw `m[wT>{ VwP{ ^$ H$Yr _wO H{$b{b{ oZ Va H$Yr X`mV mWZm H$aUma{ qhXy. H$Yr V{ [yU[U{ EH$mM Y_mMm qH$dm gmYZm_mJmMm oZ>{Z{ [mR>[wamdm H$aUma{ Agy eH$Vrb Va H$Yr H$m{UVrhr $T>r Z [miUma{. [U V{ gd (Am_kmZmZ{) Vw`m ^$sZ{ EH$_{H$mer AVyQ>V{Z{ ]mYb{b{ AgVrb. h{ _hmZV_ `wJdVZ KS>odUm`m Vwbm eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 673) _hmV{Om:$& _hmV{Og{ Z_:$& CV_ gdmoYH$ V{O Agb{bm. earamVrb AUwa{Uw[mgyZ V{ AV:km d VH$km dJa{ OmoUdmM{ Va M{VdUmam V{Om{oZYr Vy Amh{g. `mM_mU{ odmVrb [a_mUy[mgyZ V{ AmH$meJJm[`V gdmZm V{O XmZ H$aUmam V{OmMm _hmgmJa Vy Amh{g. _mP{ gdd Vw`m MaUr brZ Agm{. OmoUd{`m gd AdWm_`{ _VH$ Vw`m MaUmda amhm{. 674) _hm{aJ:$& _hm{aJm` Z_:$& _m{R>m ZmJ. [dr YmaU H$aUmam e{f h{ VwP{M gJwU $[ Amh{. Vy OS>VdmMm AmYma Amh{g hm _oVVmW. d`o$H$ [mVirda CdJm_r gd{XZm, ^mdZm, dmgZm, dmr d BN>m`m Kwgi`mVyZ Or doH$ OmUrd m hm{V{ Vr ]rO$[mZ{ (gw Hw$S>obZr`m $[mV) ApVdmV AgV{M. hUyZhr _hm{aJ: h{ Zmd g`wo$H$ Amh{. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 675) _hmH$Vw:$& _hmH$dV{ Z_$& gdl{> `mJ qH$dm `k. [a_[od Aem Am_[mV d`^y AgyZhr od`m[mam_`{ AgU{ d odH$`mU gmYU{ hrM CXmmV_ oH$`m d hmM gdmV _m{R>m `k hm{`. d`o$H$ [mVird$Z [moh`mg, g[yU ApVd Vw`m MaUr A[U H$aV{ (Vw`m gH$[mV JwVdU{) hr `koH$`m AgyZ oVMr H$Vmhr Vy d Vr oH$`mhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm H$Vk Um_ Agm{V. 676) _hm`dm$& _hm`dZ{ Z_$& _m{R>m `k H$aUmam. _mZdr OmUodMr ojVrO{ odVV H$arV _mZdH$`mUm`m _hm_mJ _m{H$im H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. Vw`m nMVrVyZ `m`m `m`m JwUY_mZwgma _hm_Zm odgH$VrMr ododY $[{ ]haVrb `mV eH$m Zmhr. hm gVH$m`$[r `k H$aUm`m Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 180 && 181. 677) _hm`k:$& _hm`km` Z_:$& _m{R>m `k. `kmMm Xwgam AW gd H$mhr dm H$aUmam Agm hm{Vm{. doH$ d d`o$H$ [mVirda gdOU AI{a Vdd$[ hm{VmV. hr Vdd$[ hm{`mMr oH$`m hUO{ `kM hm{`. Vm{ X{Irb VyM Amh{g. `kH$Vm, `koH$`m d `kgmYZ h{ gd VyM Amh{g. H$maU O[`k Om{ Vwbm m hm{`mM{ gmYZ Amh{ Vm{hr VyM Amh{g. Vw`m ZmdmM{ {_, ^$s h{hr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 678) _hmhod:$& _hmhodf{ Z_:$& _hmZ A[U `. gma{ od, ^$mM{ gHw$oMV ApVd, `mZm hm{Umar Vw`m mtMr BN>m, VwP{ Zmd, Vw`m Zm_mMm O[ h{ gd VwbmM m hm{Uma{ Vw`m_`{ g_ag hm{Uma{ _hmZ hod` X{Irb VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gmXa Um_ Agm{V. V`: Vdo`: Vm{ VwoV: Vm{Vm aUo`:$& [yU: [yao`Vm [w`: [w`H$soVaZm_`:$&& 679) V`:$& V`m` Z_:$& Vw `, [y O Zr`. OJm_`{ ododY Yo_ ` m H $Sy > Z d [ W r`m H $Sy > Z AmoU ZmpVH$mH$Sy>Zhr (`m`m gX^mdZm d OJ`mVyZ) ^Obm OmUmam d ^Obm Om`mg `m{` Agm H{$di VyM Amh{g. _mUyg H$m{U`mhr Y_mMm qH$dm odMmamMm Agbm Var gHw$oMV X{h]wrMm `mJ Pmbm H$s `mbm h{ g` [yU[U{ [Q>V{. AmO OJ^amV X{h]wr_wi{ odoe>> [yOm[Vr, am`[Vr, g_mO[Vr, AmMma qH$dm g_Vm, ]Ywd, bm{H$emhr, gm_moOH$ `m`, em{fU_w$s B`mXtMm O{ Hw$Ur AmJh YaVmV `m gdmZm Vw`m H$[{Z{ Vw`m [oMVrMm bm^ hm{D$Z Am`w`^a Om{[mgb{`m odMma d _y`m_Yrb _yi Ame`(V[oebmV $aH$ [S>bm Var) gm` hm{`mMm _hm_mJ gm[S>{b. `mM{ d EHy$U _mZdr g_mOmM{ OrdZ Vx[ hm{D$Z Am_{ar gH$Vr CX`mbm `{Bb. VwPr VwVr OmUrd[ydH$ hm{D$ bmJ{b. Vwbm AIS> dXZ Agm{. 680) Vdo`$& Vdo`m` Z_$& `mbm VwoVo` AgV{ Agm. dada [mhVm `mMm AW Jmad, egm h{ gma{ AmdS>Umam qH$dm `m`m _mJ{ bmJUmam Agm hm{Vm{. [U Vm{ AW gm$ MyH$ Amh{. Vw`m VwVr_`{ EH$ _hmZ Vd Amh{. h{ _hmZ Vd hUO{ gHw$oMV AhH$mamMm `mJ. VwPr gVV VwoV H$a`mMr X{hmg$s d X{h]wr hiwhiw [U oZpMV[U{ H$_r hm{VmV. `m`m ^mdZm, dmgZm d ]wr AoYH$moYH$ odemb d Vab hm{V OmVmV. ghZ{ && 181 && 182. Vm{ AoYH$moYH$ d`o$H$ ]ZVm{. h{ gma{ ^$m_`{ KS>dUmam Vy AgVm{g. [U Varhr OmnUd{`m [mVirda h{ ^$mbm [>[U{ H$iV{ V{ Ag{ H$s Vw`m VwVr`m dmQ>{ Vm{ AoYH$moYH$ V_` Pmbm, Vwbm o` Pmbm. Vw`m gJwU $[mMr VwoV Agm{ dm oZJwU oZamH$ma Am_$[mMr [naUm_ EH$M. Vm{ hUO{ X{h]wrMm hmg. Vw`m oVrMr AmoU gm_` d odd{H$mMr mr. Vw`m doH$ H$`mUm`m oH$`{V gm_rb hm{`mMr AIS> Vi_i. odUwghZm_m{mM{ dmMZ, [R>U, _ZZ, qMVZ h{ gma{ H$aUmam VwPr VwoVM H$aV AgVm{. Vm{ Vw`m go_[ `{U{ Vwbm o` hm{U{ hr VwPrM `m{OZm Amh{. odmM{ Ag{ gdH$f H$`mU H$aUm`m Vwbm [wZ [wZ H$Vk dXZ Agm{. 681) Vm{_$& Vm{m` Z_$& Vm{. Vd$[ Pm`mZ{ CM]iyZ `{Um`m ^mdZm O{hm dIarVyZ ]mh{a [S>VmV V{hm Vr OUw H$mhr A_VJJmM AgV{. Am_kmZm`m _wImVyZ ]mh{a [S>b{br Am_kmZmZXm`r Aer hr A_VJJm hUO{ Vm{ hm{`. VyM ^$mH$adr Vm{$[r aMZm H$$Z K{`mgmR>r `mZm [mgmoXH$ dmH$d^d- gmjmV eX] XmZ H$aVm{g. qH$]hZm ^$m`m _wImdmQ>{ odH$`mUmgmR>r VyM YaU H{$b{b{ Vm{ hm{`. h{ odUwghZm_ Vm{[r Bam Vw`m MaUr g_[U^mdZ{Z{ eVe XS>dV Agm{V. 682) VwoV$& VwV`{ Z_$& Jmad, VwVr. ``mdV gd _mZdmVrb Vx[Vm O{hm odH$grV hm{V OmV{, ]haV{ V{hm `mZm Vw`moedm` A` H$m{UVrM ]m] Vw` dmQ>V Zmhr, qH$dm `{H$ Vw` ]m]rgmR>r `m ]m]rMm H$Vm d oZ`Vm Aem VwPrM VwVr H$amdrer dmQ>V{. Vw`m H$[{Z{ ^$m`m _wImVyZ d ApVdmVyZ oZKUmar Vw`modf`rMr VwVr d {_ hUO{ VwP{M AJ hm{`.Ord d erd (Vy) `mVrb ^$mZm OmUdUmam d gwImdUmam hm {_mMm d {_i VwVrMm Xwdm hUO{ Vw`m Ad`o$H$ , emV, pW`VamVrV, MamMamVrb ApVdmMm ^mJ hm{`. hUyZ Vwbm VwVr hUVmV. ^$X`mV`m_r ]haUma{ h{ oZdmW, [od d CXmmV_ ^mdod hUO{ `m`m X`mV AodH$V Pmb{bm VyM AgVm{g. Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. 683) Vm{Vm$& Vm{{ Z_$& VwVr H$aUmam. eXmZr d gH$m`mZr VwPr ^$s H$aUma{ (VwP{ d$[ H$mhrg{ OmUmUma{, Vw`m ApVdmda odmg R>{dUma{ dm Z R>{dUma{, [ma[mnaH$ XQ>m ^$ ghZ{ && 182 && 183. hUyZ JUb{ OmUma{ dm BVa hUO{ VyM Amh{g. H$iV-ZH$iV, ^mdZ{Z{ oH$dm m_moUH$ H$Vr`m $[mV, VwPr ododY H$ma{ VwVr H$aUm`m`m X{h]wr_wi{ `mZm "V{' VwPr VwVr H$aVmV qH$dm H$arV ZmhrV Ag{ dmQ>V{. dmVodH$ Vwbm Amid>Uma{, odZdUma{, g_o[V hm{Uma{, dV`m AkmZmZ{ odH$b hm{Uma{ d kmZmMr AmH$mjm H$aUma{ ^$ Agm{V qH$dm Vy ZmhrgM `m ImrZ{ H{$di gXodd{H$]wrMm H$mb _mZyZ _mZdmMr g{dm H$aUma{ Agm{V, `m gdm`mma{ VyM ^mdZ{VyZ, ]wrVyZ qH$dm H$VrVyZ dVMr VwVr H$naV AgVm{g. Vwbm godZ` Um_ Agm{V. 684) aUo[`$& aUo`m` Z_$& aU hUO{ `w eX d JVr. gV-AgV, CdJm_r- AYm{Jm_r B`mXr Ag` { `m [m^y_rda KS>VmV Vr { gm_mdUmar d AmdS>Umar emdV aU^y_r, `mVyZ od gmH$mab{ Vm{ Am|H$ma (eX) `mbm A`V g_r[ AgVm{ d AmdS>Vm{ gm`m odmMr AoV_ AdWm (JVr) AmdS>rZ{ oZpMV H$aUmam m gd Q>m Vy aUo` Amh{g. Vd$[ Pmb{`m ^$mZm OrdZgKf (V{hr VwP{M $[ Ag`mZ{) o` AgVm{ AmoU gHw$oMV `o$_dmMr AoO]mV V_m Z ]miJVm gd OrdZgKf Vw`m oZH$Q>V{V V{ AmZXmZ{ drH$maVmV. _hm^maVm`m _hmZm`H$m`m ^yo_H{$VyZ Vy hrM ]m] lr_X ^JdXJrV{VyZ OJmbm gm_mdyZ oXbrg. a_Uo` hUO{ `wo[[mgy, qhgH$, AmH$_H$, oh Zh{. `wo[[mgy bm{H$ dV`m AkmZO` gHw$oMV dmWmgmR>r gd Hy$a Hy$`{ H$aVmV. `mCbQ> Vw`m H$[{Z{ Vw`m ^$mZm CXmm d gX^mdZm[yU OrdZ gKfmV Pm{Hy$Z X{`mM{ MS> gm_` d {aUm o_iV{. Vwbm eVe Z_H$ma Agm{V. 658) [yU$& [yUm` Z_$& [yU. A[yU ZgUmam. AJmY, AZV, A_`mX, A_a, eXmVrV, gdJwUg[, JwUmVrV, AJoUV, gdg_md{eH$, gdeo$_mZ, [yU d A[yU dJa{ gd H$[Zm`m AVrV Agm Vy gdVm{[ar [yU Amh{g. Vw`m MaUr gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 686) [yao`Vm$& [yao`{ Z_$& _Zm{aW [waodUmam. gdm`m AVaJmV Vw`m mrMm _Zm{aW C[ H$aUmam d [yU H$aUmam VyM Amh{g. g[yU odm`m H$`mUmMm `wJdVZmMm VwPm gH$[ [yU H$aUmam VyM Amh{g. d`o$H$ d _mZdg_mOm`m gX^mV Vw`m oMVrma{ ododY `mdgmo`H$mM{ AV:jw CKS>Umam d `m`mma{ amOKQ>Zm, H$m`X{, Y_, MmbrarVr, ghZ{ && 183 && 184. oejU, amOH$maU, odkmZ, AW`dhma, Cm{J dJa{ gd j{{ Am_kmZmo^_wI ]ZdyZ AOmdYr _mZdmMm Vw`m mrMm H$iV ZH$iV _ZmV Agb{bm _Zm{aW [yU H$aUmam, Zdr odgH$Vr KS>odUmam VyM Amh{g. Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 687) [w`:$& [w`m` Z_: [w`. ^$s dm VwVr h{ Og{ VwP{ AJ Amh{, `mM_mU{ odH$`mUm`m ew ^mdZ{Z{ H{$b{b{ H$`, O{ Vw`m gH$[mMmM EH$ ^mJ AgyZ VyM H$$Z K{Vm{g. Vw`m AOam_a oZ`H$ ApVdmMm ^mJ AgV{. gJwU AdVmam`m H$m`mMr Or [yOm d JwUJmZ{ eVH$mZweVH{$ hm{VmV Vr _ybV: VwPrM AgVmV. Vw`m H$[{Z{ [w`H$m`mM{ h{ d$[ gdmZm H$iyZ AmpVH$-ZmpVH$mVrb d ododY Yo_`mVrb PJS>{ Zmhrg{ hm{Vrb. Vwbm AoVhV Z_Z Agm{. 688) [w`H$soV:$& [w`H$sV`{ Z_:$& emdV, [od d g` Aer `mMr H$sVu Amh{ Agm. `m`m ApVdmMr d H$m`mMr H$sVu Agb d g` AgV{ hUO{M `m`modf`r Am_kmZr ^$mZr gmoJVb{b gd H$mhr [yU g` Amh{ Agm. Vw`m ^$mMr H$sVuhr emdV d g` AgV{. (S>md[{M d b`m`m AmYma{ H{$b{br ]ZmdQ> ogr ZgV{.) Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 689) AZm_`:$& AZm_`m` Z_:$& `mYr Zgb{bm. ew kmZ_` ApVdm_wi{, Aodm_m`mO` ^_, X{h]wr, AhH$ma, Aghm`Vm, B`mXr AoO]mV Zgb{bm. Vy odmMm gdg_md{eH$ oZ`Vm Ag`mZ{ Vwbm H$m{UVrhr (AodmO`) `mYr ZgV{. `mM_mU{ Am_kmZr ^$mZmhr AodmO` gHw$oMV ApVdmVyZ hm{Umar H$m{UVrhr Xw:IXm`r `mYr ZgV{. Vwbm gm>mJ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. _Zm{OdVrWH$am{ dgwa{Vm dgwX:$& dgwXm{ dmgwX{dm{ dgwdgw_Zm hod:$& 690) _Zm{Od:$& _Zm{Odm` Z_:$& _ZmgmaIm d{J AgUmam. _ZmMr [na_mU{ kmV ZmhrV. _ZmMm d{J A[nao_V AgVm{. _ZmgmaIm d{J `mMm AW A[nao_V d{J Agb{bm. H$mbmVrV VabV{_wi{ VwPm gH$[ d ogr `mV AoO]mV V$mdV ZgV{. hUyZhr Vwbm _Zm{Od: hUU{ ghZ{ && 184 && 185. `m{`M Amh{. _hm]br, dm`w[w, Am_kmZr d d{JdmZ hZw_mZ h{ VwP{M gJwU $[ Amh{. VwP{ ^$hr odMmam`m d ^mdZm`m[{jm d{JdmZ ]ZVmV. H$m{UV{hr odMma qH$dm ^mdZm _ZmV `{`m[ydu qH$dm _ZmVyZ Om`m[ydu d `{Vm-OmVmZm V{ `mMr VmH$mi Zm|X K{D$ eH$VmV. `m_wi{ _Zmda odO` hm Vw`m ^$mMm Wm`r ^md AgVm{. A` >rZ{ [mhVm ^$m`m dV:`m H$[Z{[{jmhr d{JmZ{ Vy ^$mda H$[m H$aVm{g. Vwbm H$Vk XS>dV Agm{V. 691) VrWH$a:$& VrWH$am` Z_:$& kmZ_` H$aUmam. h`Jrd AdVmamV _YwH$>^ X`mZr [idb{b{ d{X Vy oZmdW{Vrb ]X{dmbm AmUyZ oXb{g Aer H$Wm Amh{. `mMm _oVVmW _Zw`mVrb V_m{JwU$[r X` `mMm gXgXodd{H$ ^> H$aVmV, [idVmV. Aem d{ir _m{hoZ{VyZ OmJ AmUyZ ^$mbm odd{H$ m H$$Z X{Umar H$[miy e$s VyM Amh{g. Vwbm eVe H$Vk Um_ Agm{V. 692) dgwa{Vm$& dgwa{Vg{ Z_$& oed, Ar, gm{Z{ar _wbVd oH$dm `m`m od`m[mgyZ odd^d ]Zb{ Agm. odmMm d odmVrb V{OmMm CXJmVm, O_XmVm, oZ_mVm Vy Amh{g.gd d^dmMm _ybm{V d _ybmYma Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 693) dgwX$& dgwXm` Z_$& E{` mV H$$Z X{Umam. odmbm Vw`m mrM{ _m`dmZ XmZ X{Umam. Vw`moedm` odmM{ ApVdM Ae` Amh{. d`o$H$ OrdZmV dam`, oZ^`Vm, gwaojVVm, AmZX, odembVm,gX]wr, odd{H$, Ad`o$H$ oZ[j[mVr[Um, oZ[hVm, Cgmh, odO` B`moX Ag` doe>mM{ d^d X{Umam hUyZhr Vwbm dgw[X hUU{ g`wo$H$ Amh{. Vwbm ^md[yU dXZ Agm{. 694) dgwX$& dgwXm` Z_$& E{` mV H$$Z X{Umam. Vw`m odgH$[mZwgma OJ^amVrb gd _mZdmMm ew kmZdam`mM{ d gm_`mM{ gdm} WmZ X{Umam d `m_mJm{_mJ `{Uma{ gd E{ohH$ d^dhr [m H$$Z X{Umam d Aem Vh{Z{ g_ d J^ gH$Vr odm_`{ AodH$V H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. Vwbm AmXa[ydH$ Z_H$ma Agm{V. ghZ{ && 185 && 186. 695) dmgwX{d$& dmgwX{dm` Z_$& 1) dmgwX{dmMm [w AmoU 2) AhH$mamMm Ba. H$UmdVma h{ gJwU $[ YmaU H$$Z Vw`m mrM{ _mJ d `w`m JrV{ma{ gmJUmam Vy Amh{g. Vg{M, d`o$H$ [mVirda, X{h]wrO` AhH$mamMm dm_r- `m AhH$mamda odO` o_idyZ X{Umam ^$mMm gIm Vy Amh{g. Vw`m MaUr ^md^o$[ydH$ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 696) dgw$& dgwd{ Z_$& Aml`, oZdmg. gd od hr VwPr brbm AgyZ nVMr AoV_ AdWm hUO{ Vy Amh{g. VyM oVbm e{dQ>r dV_`{ H$m`_Mm Amgam X{Umam Amh{g. d`o$H$ [mVirda gdmV`m_r amhyZ gwIXwI_` OrdZ KS>odUmam d ^m{JdUmam Iam gyYma (`m I{imMm I{oi`m) Vy Amh{g. Aodm-_m`{Mm Vm` XwIgwIm`m CJ_, _yi VyM Amh{g. h{ kmZ Pmb{ H$s m{ma{ d ge` g[yZ ^aH$Q>Um`m ]M{Z _Zmbm H$m`_Mm Aml` X{Umar Vw`m ^$rMrM pWVr oeH$ amhV{. Vw`m MaUr ^md[yU XS>dV Agm{V. 697) dgw_Z$& dgw_Zg{ Z_$& gd `mM{ _Z/AdYmZ Amh{ Agm. odmVrb AUwa{Uw_`{ Vw`m OmoUd{M{ / ApVd Amh{. A` Q>m gm`m odmMr Aearar OmUrd(_Z) h{ VwP{M _Z Amh{. `m Vh{Z{ VwP{ S>m{i{ gdmV`m_r Amh{V Vg{M VwP{ _Z gdmV`m_r Amh{V, AWmV `{H$m`m AVaJmV Vy (VwP{ _Z) Amh{. Vw`m H$[{Z{ `m g`mMr OmUrd hm{V{. Vwbm godZ` dXZ Agm{. 698) hod$& hodf{ Z_$& `km_`{ A[U H{$b{ OmUma{ `. Vw`m mr`m OmnUd{V Agb{b{ d Vw`mM H$[{Z{ Vw`mV odb` hm{Uma{ od h{ Vw`m doH$ `kmVrb hod Amh{, `m[Am_mU{ `k AmoU `kH$Vm Vy Amh{g `m_mU{ hnd X{Irb VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Um_ Agm{V. gXJoV gH$oV gmm gX^ynV g[am`U$& eyag{Zm{ `Xwl{> godmg gw`m_wZ$&& 699) gXJoV$& gXJV`{ Z_$&$ AoV_ _m{jmdWm. gm`m odmMr d `o$Mr AoV_, gdl{> AmoU dmV ghZ{ && 186 && 187. AdWm hUO{ VyM hm{`. Vwbm gmXa Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 700) gH$oV$& gH$V`{ Z_$& g`mMm gmjmH$ma KS>odUmam AmoU gmjmH$ma KSod`mMr oH$`m Xm{hr VyM Amh{g. hr gdl{> H$Vr Vw`m Aearar ApVdmMmM ^mJ Amh{ hUyZ Vwbm gH $ oV hUVmV. Vw `m H $ [{ Z { Vw P { ^$ Vw `mM oZ` UmImbr Vw P mM odH$`mUmMm gH$[ ogog Z{`mgmR>r hr H$Vr H$a`mV OrdZ `oVV H$aVmV. `m`mhr ApVdmVyZ H$Q> hm{Umar Aer Cm_ H$Vr hUO{ gmjmV VyM Amh{g. d{J`m o>Z{ [moh`mg, MamMamVrb `{H$ KQ>Zm hUO{ H$VrVrb Iam _hdmMm Jm^m d g` VyM Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Z_Z Agm{. 701) gmm$& gmm` Z_$& g[yU oZ`U AgUmam. odmMr C[mr, pWVr, JVr d b` `m`mda g[yU gmm AgUmam Vy Amh{g. g_mOm_`{ dmdaUma{ Ag` gmmYre H{$di Vw`m BN>{Z{M gmm ^m{Jy eH$VmV. hUO{M `m`m OrdZmMm oZ`Vm d hUyZ gmmYm`mMmhr gmmoYe Vy Amh{g. Vw`m H$[{Z{ d gm{Imbr, odH$`mUmMm VwPm gH$[ ogog OmBb. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 702) gX^yoV$& gX^yV`{ Z_$& gV qH$dm emV E{`. gdl{>, oMaVZ AmoU E{`mM{hr E{` Agm Vy Amh{g. Vw`m oMVrMr _hmZ lr_Vr X{Um`m Vwbm godZ` dXZ Agm{. 703) g[am`U& g[am`Um` Z_$& gdm} g` WmZ. od d ^$mM{- `m{`mM{- gmYH$mM{ -gdm bm{H$mM{ gdm} WmZ (`{`) Vy Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 704) eyag{Z$& eyag{Zm` Z_$& eya g{Zm Agb{bm, lrH$UmMm AmOm{]m, hZw_mZ `m g{Z{`m dOmda Amh{ Aer g{Zm Agb{bm AOwZ. VmpdH$ Q>m `mMm AW odoZ`_mZwgma A`mhV[U{ d `edrU{ H$m`aV Agb{br doH$ KQ>Zm_mJrb gd e$s hr `mMr g{Zm Amh{ Agm. _hmg{ZmZr. Vw`m `m JwUdoe>`mZ{ VwPr oMVr Pmb{`m`m AJr Xhm gh hmtM{ ]i gMmaV{ AmoU V{ Vw`m gH$[ogrgmR>r Vw`m dmo_dmImbr bT>`mMm oZ` H$aVmV. Vwbm AIS> Ao^dmXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 187 && 188. 705) `Xwl{>$& `Xwl{>m` Z_$& `mXdm_Yrb gdl{> `mXd OJXJw$ d ododZm`H$ lrH$U h{ VwP{M $[. `mMm VdmW gd _mZdr ^md-^mdZmMm-odMmamMm-H$VrMm dm_r. pWVkVm m _mZdr gH$oV`m gdm} doeQ>mM{ gm{XmhaU oXXeZ H$aUm`m H$U$[mVrb Vwbm gmXa Um_ Agm{V. 706) gndmg$& godmgm` Z_$& g` oOW{ amhV{, Vm{ qH$dm Om{ Z{h_r g`m_`{M (Am_d$[r) AgVm{ Vm{. d`o$H$ Q>m Vd$[ Pmb{b{ gd bm{H$ `m g`_` AdW{bm, WmZmbm o_iVmV V{ WmZ Vr AdWm. A` o>Z{ g`mMm oOW{ oZdmg AgVm{. V{ Am_kmZr bm{H$mM{ X`mH$me VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 707) gw`m_wZ$& gw`m_wZm` Z_$& gw`m_wZ hUO{ kmZjramM{ Hw$^ ]miJUm`m kmZ|o`m`m AmoU kmoZ`mMmhr dm_r. Vg{M gJwU $[mV `_wZmoZdmgr`mMm amOm. MamMamVrV Agm Vy gd kmoZ`mMm Ajae dm_r Amh{g hr oMVr Vw`m H$U$[mMr gJwU^$s H$aUm`mZmhr `{V{. Vwbm odZ_ Z_Z Agm{. ^yVmdgm{ dmgwX{d gdmgwoZb`m{@Zb$& X[hm X[hm m{ xYam{@Wm[amoOV$&& 708) ^yVmdmg$& ^yVmdmgm` Z_$& gd MamMa `` od Vw`m R>m`r (d Vw`m Amk{V) amhV{. `o$JV [mVirda `$rM{ AV]m g[yU ApVd (d OmUrd) Vw`mVM AgV{. Vw`m _aUmV _mP{ Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 709) dmgwX{d$& dmgwX{dm` Z_$& lrH$U. dmgwX{dmMm [w. H$mim H$U h{ gJwU $[ pWVkVm, dY_mMaU AmoU ` H$me Zgb{bm ( hUyZ H$mim) kmZH$me `mMr AmR>dU H$$Z X{V{.H$UmMr brbm hUO{M [am_^md (d Vm` dUdU), gm`^md d dm`^md (d Vm` goXmZX) hm{`. H$U Xm`mMr _hVr Aer H$s `m_`{ `Vr dVM{ gHw$oMV ApVd _m{R>m ghOV{Z{, Cy$VV{Z{, AmZXmZ{, AmVV{Z{ odg$Z OmV{. H$UMaUr A[U H$aV{. X{h]wrMm odb` hm{VmM H$U_` hm{D$Z ghZ{ && 188 && 189. OmV{. [aVy eara _m H$UXmgM amhV{. hr Z_Vm hr F$VwOm gdm]am{]a`m `dhmamVhr AgV{. H$maU ^$mgmR>r gd OJM H$U_` AgV{. `moH$[U{ Ba _mZUma{, BamM{ ApVd ZmH$maUma{, Ah ]mp_ hUUma{, OS>dmXr, BhdmXr, qH$dm oMXdmXr Ag{ ]hV{H$OU dV:`m ApVdm`m joUH$ d AmoeH$ ^mJmbm oMaVZ AmoU [na[yU g_O`mMr J$bV H$aVmV. [naUm_r _Zw` hmM odmM{ H|$ Ag`mMm qH$dm `mCbQ> odm_`{ _mZd H$mhrM Zg`mMm X{h]wrO` g_O V{ H$$Z K{VmV. `m_wi{ H$Yr [amH$m{Q>rMm AhH$ma d Vm` hHy$_emhr, H$m`, AmH$_U{, A`mMma, qhgmMma Va H$Yr [amH$m{Q>rMr [amYrZVm, oZH$s`Vm, oIVm d Zam`dmX `mMm C{H$ hm{Vm{. `m_wi{ EH$sH$S>{ qhVm d XwgarH$S>{ `gZmYrZVm, Am_h`m, Am_KUm `mMr [nagr_m hm{V{. EH$m ]mOyZ{ Jwh{Jmar dmT>V{ Va Xwg`m ]mOyZ{ bmMmar od_ZH$Vm d CXmgrZVm dmT>V{. [yOm AMm H$aUma{ d a`mVyZ ^OZ-ZmM H$aV o$aUma{ [wH$i VWmH$oWV Ymo_H$, X{dmMr oMVr K{Vb{b{ Ia{ X{d^$ ZgVmV. `mCbQ> [ma[naH$[U{ Ba Z _mZUma{ [wH$i bm{H$ gH$m`mVyZ odZ_[U{ Ba g{dm H$arV AgVmV. [naUm_r `mZm BamMr oZH$Q>Vm g_mYmZm$[mV o_iV AgV{, hUO{M V{ Ia{ X{d^$ AgVmV. _hdmMm _wm Agm Amh{ H$s `m_mU{ bhmZ _yb AmB`m Hw$erV oZqV[U{ d oZ:eH$[U{ Pm{[V `mM_mU{ Vx[ hm{Umam ^$ A`V g_mYmZr hm{Vm{. `m_wi{M ^$mZm Vw`m]b dmQ>Umam "odmg' Am_oMVrVyZ Amb{bm "AT>i odmg' AgVm{ d Vw`m]b dmQ>Uma{ {_ `j _mUmda AmYmab{b AgV (Vg Zg{b Va V{ Ba-^$mM ZmVM Zh{.) dV:`m _mVmo[`mMr qH$dm ]mimMr g{dm H$aVmZm [wH$imZm VhmZ-^yH$-Pm{[ `m[H$s H$emMrhr [dm amhmV Zmhr. Ag{ hm{`mM{ H$maU `m Zm`m_`{ _mUgmM{ Aearar Ad`o$H$ odemb ddM AgV{. hr g{dm hUO{ `m `$sM{ Cy$V, AgHw$oMV OJU{M AgV{. H$U^$s_`{ Aem CXmmV{Mr [nagr_m hm{V OmV{. Vx[V{`m Cy$V d odH$`mUH$mar AmodH$mamMr VwbZm S>m`m, CO`m AmoU CXma_Vdmm`m AmodH$mamer H$aU{ Amd`H$ Amh{. AmoWH$ g_mZVm, C[mXZm`m gmYZm`m ImOJr _mbH$sbm odam{Y, `o$dmV`mMm gH$m{M Aem X{h]wrVyZ C[ Pmb{`m g_mOdmXm`m AmoU damMma, AoZ`oV A$mQ> Z{$]mOr, amZQ>r [Ym, C[`w $VmdmX, gd J bm{ H $_VmZw ` m`r bm{ H $emhr B`mXr VWmH$oWV bm{H$emhrdmm`m ]mmJmMm [am^d hm{U{ H$_m Amh{. `o$dmXmMm qH$dm g_mOdmXmMmhr VH$gJV d J^Vm[yU odVma d odH$mg H$$Z `mMm Ame` bjmV K{V`mg Vw`m gmjmH$mamMr _hVr [Q>V{. `o$dmX d g_mOdmX `mVrb ghZ{ && 189 && 190. gd Cm_ ]m]tMm g_d` d AmodH$ma KS>Vm{. H$UXm`mVrb d H$U^$sVrb gHw$oMVV{`m g_[UmM{ _hmZVd K{Vb{ AmoU ZmpVH$m`m qH$dm Ah]mp_ hUUm`mMr ]moH$ dm BVa H$m{U`mhr d$[mVrb Jwbm_oJar ZmH$ma`mMr VS>$ K{Vbr Va Y_m`m ZmdmImbr MmbUmar Y_mY dmWmYmMr _mOm{ar AmoU ohS>rg Wm{VmS>]mOr d JobN> amOH$maU]mOr Zmhrer hm{Bb. Vg{M ]wodmXm`m d ZmpVH$V{`m ZmdmImbr dmT>b{br `gZmYrZVm, damMma, ^>mMma, _mO, ^moVH$ gwIm`m h`mgmVyZ `{Umar A_mZwfVm Z> hm{Bb. Vwbm _mP{ bjmdYr H$Vk oU[mV Agm{V. 710) gdmgwoZb`:$& gdmgwoZb`m` Z_:$& gd odm`m d `$s`m ApVdmM{ AoV_ oMaVZ [aYm_. mUm`m_m`m d BVa gmYZm`m ma{ `$s dV:`m `o$dm`m AVrV OmD$ eH$V{. hmM gHw$oMV ApVdmMm AV d I`m ddmMm O_ hm{`. hUO{ `$s Vw`m_`{ _$Z Zdm O_ K{D$Z A_a hm{V{. Vw`m mr_`{ oMaVZ odlmVrM{ AT>iWmZ H$g{ m hm{V{ h{ g_OU{ H$R>rU Zmhr. `m_mU{ ZmQ>H$mVrb [m{ ZmQ>H$ g[`mda _yi OrdZmV [aV `{VmV qH$dm _yb AmBH$S>{ [aV OmV{ Vg{M h{ Amh{. Vy hUO{ `$s`m AV`m_r dgUmar `$sMr Iar Am{iI, oVM{ Ia{ dd, oVMr AOam_a d {_i AmB Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 711) AZb:$& AZbm` Z_:$& A_`mX V{O d d^d Agb{bm. gdeo$_mZ d gdm_H$ Ag`mZ{ VyM gdmV d^dg[ Amh{g d odmMm y$oVXmVm, odmM{ eo$H|$ d odmM{ oZ`U H|$ Amh{g. Vw`m H$[{Z{ Vw`m `m dmVd d$[mMr OmU d `j AZw^yVr d Vw`m oZ`H$ gm_`mMm dmagm Vw`m ^$mZm o_iVm{ d V{ ^od`mMr gH$Vr KS>dVmV. H{$di VmodH$ MMm d _V-_VmVa{ AmoU H$[Zmodbmg Xw]i{ AgVmV. m_moUH$ ]wo_Vm`m ]wrVyZ O{hm VwPm AmodH$ma hm{Vm{, V{hm `mM{ odMma ^mdr hm{VmV. `m_wi{ A[ma[naH$ Agm{ dm [ma[naH$, `m Y_mVrb Agm{ dm `m Y_mVrb, VwPr ^$s Z{h_rM MV`Xm`r gm_`Xm`r d oZ`U eo$Xm`r AgV{. Vwbm eVe: Um_ Agm{V. 712) X[hm$& X[Z{ Z_:$& Xwamo^_mZ, X[, AhH$ma Z> H$aUmam. AhH$ma Zme hUO{ VwPr mr Ag{M ghZ{ && 190 && 191. OUw g_rH$aU Amh{. hrM _hmZ ]m] Vy `_wZmH$mR>r Jm`tM{ gajU H{$b{g d BmM{ (_ZmM{) JdhaU H{$b{g `m H$W{V AZw`yV Amh{. Vwbm ^md[yU Z_Z Agm{. 713) X[X:$& X[hm` Z_:$& Im{Q>m qH$dm [m{H$i Ao^_mZ, Jd B`mXr X{Umam. gHw$oMV `o$dm_`{M OISy>Z amohb{`mMm X^, Xwamo^_mZ, ]S>{Omd `m`m _wimer (d h{ gma{ X{Umam) VyM Amh{g. [aVw gHw$oMV Aod{V Jwa$Q>b{`mZm dV:Mm Jd X{Irb BamZ{M oXbm h{ H$iV Zmhr. AkmZr bm{H$mZm h{ Z H$i`mZ{ Jod>m]b `m`m _ZmV H$Qw>Vm `{D$ eH$V{. KUm `{D$ eH$V{. Am_kmZr bm{H$mZm _m hr ]m] [yU[U{ H$i`m_wi{ V{ Jod>mMmhr {f H$arV ZmhrV. gd JwUmdJwUmMm H$Vm d XmVm Vy Amh{g h{ OmUyZ Vw`m _aUmV d Vw`m gH$[m`m g{d{V V{ a__mU amhVmV. H$maU Vw`m MrVrZ{ `{Umar odembVm, ew ]wr, oZ^`Vm, Ad`o$H$Vm, oZ[hVm `m_wi{ `mZm VwP{ _aU o` AgV{ AmoU Am`w`mM{ EH$_{d `{`, `mZm OmUdUmam VwPm odgH$[ og H$aU{ h{M AgV{. odm_H$ ^mdZ{Z{ H$m{U`mhr d`o$H$ ^mdZ{`m Amhmar Z OmVm VwP{ ^$ gdm_`{ Vwbm [mhZ {_mZ{ dmJVmV d Vw`m gH$[mV H$m`aV amh`mMm dY_ A`mhV[U{ AmMaV amhVmV. gdg_md{eH$ d gHw$oMV AhH$mahr oZ_mU H$aUm`m Vwbm eVe: Um_ Agm{V. 714) :$& m` Z_:$& Am_mZXmM{ AmH$R>[mZ H$$Z V AgUmam. A[wa{[Um d A[wa{[UmMr OmUrd hr doeQ>{ _Zw`mMr Amh{V. Aearar Ag`mZ{ d _`moXV Zg`mZ{ Am_mZwgYmZ d Vm` Am_mZXm_`{ AgUmam Vy Amh{g. Vw`m MrVrZ{ OrdZ V{Om{_` odemb,Am_ZX_`, MV`_` AmoU g_W ]ZV{. Vwbm eVe XS>dV Agm{V. 715) XwYa$& XwYam` Z_$& AmH$bZ hm`bm, m hm`bm A`V H$R>rU Agm. g[yU MamMa od, OmUrd, H$mi h{ gd d _mZd `m A_a ApVdm[gyZ C[ Pmb{ V{M Vy Ag`m_wi{ Vwbm earaamVJV _|Xy`m gd{XZm odMma B`mXr oH$`mZr OmUU{ Ae` Amh{ AmoU m gHw$oMV ApVdm`m AVrV OmU{ (`m ma{ Vy H$ibm Zmhrg Var VwPr oMVr `{V{) A`V H$R>rU Amh{. H{$di Vw`mM H$[{Z{ ]Ord, _w_wjy, gmYH$ d ogmdW{V OmVmV d `m A`V h`mh`mmm [U Ag AZw^dmVyZ e{dQ>r Vwbm m hm{VmV VwPr MrVr K{VmV. Vw`m MaUr A``^md{ Um_ Agm{V. ghZ{ && 191 && 192. 716) A[amoOV$& A[amoOVm` Z_$& H$YrM [am^yV Z hm{Umam. MamMamV]m Agm Vy doH$ oH$`{_`{ H$Yrhr [am^yV hm{D$ eH$V Zmhrg, Vwbm Hw$Urhr qOHy eH$V Zmhr. Ag` OrdmZm `m`mVrb jwdmodam{Yr gKfmV odO` o_idyZ X{D$Z dVMr oMVr X{Umam d Vw`m odH$`mUH$mar gH$[mV AV^yV H$$Z gXd odO`r H$aUmam VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gVV Ao^dmXZ Agm{. od_yoV_hm_yoVXu_yoVa_yoV_mZ$& AZ{H$_yoVa`$ eV_yoV eVmZZ$&& 717) od_yoV$& od_yV`{ Z_$& od$[, odm_H$ Ba. Vy odm_H$ X{d Amh{g `m_`{ _hmZ Vd gm_mdb{b{ Amh{. ododYV{Z{ ZQ>b{`m odm`m AV]m gd Agb{`m Vwbm ododY ZmdmZr, ododY $[m_`{ d ododY H$ma{ ^OUma{ AmoU VwP{ ApVd ZmH$maUma{ Ag{ gd bm{H$, `mM{ Y_/ gKQ>Zm B`mXr d `m`m OmUrdm X{Irb Vw`m_`{M gm_mdb{`m Amh{V d Vy `m gdm_`{ Amh{g.[aVw h{ g` Z g_OUma{ Ag` Amh{V. X{h]wr, Aodm `m`m_wi{ C[ hm{Uma{ {f, dmgZm, hdaQ>[Um, _ga, gmmmH$mjm, AYlm, H$S>d{[Um, XwamJh, A`mMma, A`m`, KmV[mV, `w{ `mMm CJ_ Jm^m d oZ`Vm Vy Amh{g. h{ H$iUma{ bm{H$ Jm|YiyZ OmV ZmhrV. AT>i emVr AmoU pWVkV{Z{ V{ Vw`m ^$sV d Vm` odH$`mUH$mar H$VrV oZ^`[U{ _ amhVmV. Vwbm oZaVZ dXZ Agm{. 718) _hm_yoV$& _hm_yV`{ Z_$& A`V odemb. gd`m[r, A_`mX. _hm_yoV, Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 719) XrV_yoV$& oX_yV`{ Z_$& V{Om{_yoV. kmZV{OmM{ dUZ Am` Amh{. [aVw V{OmM{hr V{O Aem Vw`m H$[ZmVrb ApVdm`m H$mhrem Odi g_O d C_O [m{Mmdr hUyZ H{$b{ OmUma{ VwP{ dUZ h{ Vw`mM gmXmM{ $i hm{`. H$maU ^$m`m V{Odr kmZmMm H$maH$ d CJ_ VyM AgVm{g. Vybm godZ` Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 720) A_yoV_mZ$& A_yoV_V`{ Z_$& A_yV. AmH$ma] Zgb{bm. Vy oZo_bm J{b{bmM Zmhrg. `m_wi{ Vwbm AmH$ma ghZ{ && 192 && 193. Zmhr.H$mimbm Ogm AmH$ma Zmhr `mM_mU{ H$mimVrVmbmhr AmH$ma Zmhr. [aVw gHw$oMV X{h]wr`m Amhmar OmD$Z Vw`m mrbm bm{H$ doMV hm{D$ Z`{V hUyZ VyM gJwU [wO{Mm _mJ XmIdbmg. `m_wi{ gJwU ^$s oZH$> Zmhr. gdH$ma`m [yOm[Vr_`{ gm_O`, g_OyVXma[Um d {_ H{$di Vw`mM H$[{Z{ d Vw`mM oMVrZ{ oZ_mU hm{D$ eH$V{. Vw`mM BN>{Z{ d MrVrZ{ g$sMr Y_mVa{, Owb_r Y_gmm, Y_{f, dMmnaH$ hHw$_emhr, AmoWH$ em{fU m gm`m ]m]r Zm_e{f, hm{D$ eH$VmV. Vw`mMaUr gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 721) AZ{H$_yoV$& AZ{H$_yV`{ Z_$& AZ{H$ AmH$ma Agb{bm. AmH$ma Zgb{bm Vy Vw`mM brb{Z{ Ag` $[{, JwU, AmH$ma Agb{b{ odm_H$ eara YmaU H$aVm{g, Vw`mM BN>{Z{ AZ{H$ gJwUdVma YmaU H$aVm{g. Vg{M ^$mZm `m`m X{dV{`m $[mV XeZ X{Vm{g. ^$ X`{ Vw`m MrVrZ{ ^a`m`m Vw`m _hmZ oH$`{Mm EH$ ^mJ hUO{M VwP{ h{ AZ{H$ AdVma (AmH$ma) YmaU H$aU{. Vwbm odZ_ Z_Z Agm{. 722) A`$$& A`$m` Z_$& hUO{ `V Z hm{Umam. Vw`m ^$mZm VwPr hm{Umar OmUrd qH$dm MrVr g` Agbr Varhr VwPm Ae_m AgV{. Vg{M _`moXVmer g]oYV AgV{. V{ MrVr $[hr _`mXrVM AgV{. Vy [yU[U{ H$YrM `$ hm{V Zmhrg hUyZ Vwbm A`$ hUVmV. VwP{ AdVma Agb{`m gmYwgVmZr Vw`m AdVmamda X{Irb X{h YmaU H{$`mZVa Wi H$mimMr ]YZ{ `{VmV `m]b [>[U{ odYmZ{ H{$br Amh{V d Vw`m EHy$U EH$ gd AdVmam_`{hr Vw`m gdeo$_mZ AoVdmMr [yU Ao^`$s hm{D$ eH$br Zmhr d hm{D$ eH$V Zmhr Ag{ hQ>b{ Amh{. Vw`mMaUr gmXa Um_ Agm{V. 723) eV_yoV$& eV_yV`{ Z_$& e{H$S>m{ _yVu, [{ AgUmam. dV A`$ AgUmam [U Varhr ^$mH$Sy>Z VwVr H$adyZ `mZm ododY H$mamZr, [mZr, dVMr MrVr X{Umam AmoU `m AZ{H$ [mVrb dVM{ EH$d MrVr AmUyZ X{Umam VyM Amh{g. ^$dgb Aem Vwbm ^md[yU dXZ Agm{. 724) eVmZZ$& eVmZZm` Z_$& g[yU odmV]m gd VwP{M M{ha{ Amh{V, VwPrM AdYmZ{ Amh{V. F$ftZm d{X ghZ{ && 193 && 194. (kmZ) X{Umar e{H$S>m{ Aearar _wI{hr VwPr AmoU `m _wImVyZ h{ d{X(kmZ) OJmbm o_imb{ Vr F$ftMr _wI{hr VwPrM. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. EH$m{ ZH$ gd qH$ `V VV [X_Zwm__$& bm{H$]Ywbm}H$ZmWm{ _mYdm{ ^$dgb$&& 725) EH$$& EH$m` Z_$& EH$_ Z_$& EH$_{dmoVr` Agm. AgU{-ZgU{ `m`m AVrV Aem VwP{ AmH$bZmg gm{[{ Omd{ hUyZ EH$ Ag{ dUZ H$aVmV. dVwV Vy JUZmVrV Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ dXZ Agm{. 726) ZH$$& ZH$m` Z_$& EH$ Zgb{bm. EH$dmV gdm_`{ Ag`m_wi{ hUO{ AIS>V{_wi{ AZ{H$ Zgbmg Var JUZmVrV Ag`mZ{ Vy EH$ Zmhrg. Vy JwUode{fmVrV Ag`m_wi{ "EH$' h{ g`m_H$ ode{fU Vwbm bmJy hm{V Zmhr. `m_wi{ Vy EH$ Zmhrg. Xwg`m Xw>rZ{ [moh`mg doH$ gbV{_wi{ Vy EH$ Agbmg Var VwP{ AodH$ma AZ{H$ Ag`mZ{ (Aod{Z{ ob bm{H$mZm) Vy AZ{H$ ^mgVm{g. dJd{J`m bm{H$mZm d{ J d{ J im ^mgVm{ g hUy Z hr Vw b m EH$ hUVm `{ V Zmhr. hUO{ M EH$g_md`mN>{X{H$$Z (H$mbmVrV Agb{bm) Vy EH$d, AZ{H$d,gbd, Aem Vh{Z{ AZ{H$ [mV`mda dmdaUmam ^$mZm MrVr X{Umam Ba Amh{g. Vw`m AIS> _aUmV Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 727) gd$& gdm` Z_$& `mJ. `m `mJm_`{ Bambm gm{_ag A[U H{$bm OmVm{ `mbm gd hUVmV. Bam`m gJwU ^$m`m d{ir `kX{dVm qH$dm _yVu `mZm Am[U O{ JhU H$aVm{ V{ W_ mYm`mZ{ A[U H$am`M{ AgV{.`m_wi{ Am_d$[mM{ _aU hm{D$Z jw AhH$ma g[Vm{. ^$mH$adr Agm `mJ H$aodUmam d `m`m _ZmV Agb{br `mJ ^mdZm m Xm{hrhr VyM Amh{g. Vg{M `m `mJmVyZ ^$X`mV w$aUmar ^o$JJm, kmZJJm X{Irb VyM Amh{g. H$[mVr Vw`m d$[r odb` [mdUma{ odmVrb gma{ ^mdm_V d gd H$mhr ag_` Ag{ Vd VyM Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ XS>dV Agm{V. 728) H$$& H$m` Z_$& H$_ Z_$& AmZX, , ]m-odUw-_h{e. Vy OmoUd{`m AVrV Amh{g. [U MrVrg ghZ{ && 194 && 195. Am`mda AmZX_` Amh{g. ]wXrM{ g_mYmZ hm{Bb Aem Vh{Z{ Vw`modf`r [>rH$aU o_iV Zmhr hUyZ Z{h_rM Z gwQ>b{b{ H$m{S>{ () Amh{g. `mM_mU{ JwUmVrV d $[mVrV AgyZhr od$[r Ag`mZ{ oJwUm_H$hr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm ^md[yU dXZ Agm{. 729) qH$$& H$_ Z_$& hUO{, "H$m`?' hm mWH$ eX. g[yU VH$e$sM{ _wi (CJ_), `m{OZ (h{Vy qH$dm gm`) AmoU [naUrVr (AVr_ C`Z dm AdWm) VyM Amh{g. `m_wi{ `m mM{ Cma _mZdr ]wr J$bVrZ{ em{YV{ Vm{ _wimV Vw`mVyZ C[ Pmb{bm (Ba, g`) Amh{. h{, EH$mm oeH$m`mZ{ (H$Vm) oeH$marMm em{Y Mmbdbm () `mbm Am[UM Am[br oeH$ma (Cma) Amhm{V h{ H$i`mgmaI Pmb. hUO{M mMm CJ_ odMma`mMr oH$`m d Cma EH$M h{ g` dm Ba Amhm{V. Vy "qH$' hm Amh{g hm ZrQ> g_OyZ K{U{ hm, ]wrJ` Zgb{`m VwPr MrVr K{`mMm, VyM XmIdb{bm EH$ l{> _mJ Amh{g. Vwbm A`mhV Ao^_mZ Agm{. 730) `V$& `_ Z_$& hUO{ O{. H$, qH$, `V `m A`m`mVyZ Vy Amh{g h{ gmJU{ hUO{ VwP{ ApVd og H$aVm Z Am`m_wi{ H$mT>b{br [idmQ> ZgyZ ]wrbm g_Om`bm Ae` Agb{`m Aem VwPr MrVr X{`mMm Vw`mM H$[{Z{ H{$b{bm Hw$emJ ]wrMm oVdmX Amh{. `V hUO{ O{ `mMm AWhr `m]b odMmabm OmVm{ V{ AmoU Vm{ odMma`mgmR>r H$mhrVar JhrV Ya`mMr ]wr Or "O{' `m eXmVyZ JQ> hm{V{ oVMm CJ_ (Vr ]wrhr) VyM Amh{g Agm Amh{. Vwbm eVe XS>dV Agm{V. 731) VV$& V_ Z_$& V{. `m_mU{ mMm CJ_ Vw`mVyZ hm{Vm{ `mM _mU{ _`mnXV ]wrM{ g_mYmZ H$aUm`m VWmH$nWV CmamMm CJ_hr Vw`mVM hm{Vm{. `m_wi{ "V{' AmoU "V{' Z{ XmIodb{ OmUma{ V{hr VyM Amh{g. A` Q>m < VV Vd hr ]mMr VrZ doeQ>{ hQ>b{br Ag`mZ{hr Vy "VV' Amh{g. `mM_mU{ ldU, _ZZ d oZoX`mgZ `m _mJmZr AmH$bZ H$$Z K{`mM{ O{ Amh{ `mbm C{eyZhr "VV' hm eX dm[abm Amh{. Vwbm odZ_ Z_Z Agm{. 732) [X_Zwm__$& [X_Zwm_m` Z_$& gdm}, emdV AoV_ [X. od, g_mO d `$sgmR>r gdm} H$`mUmMm ghZ{ && 195 && 196. gdmm_ _mJ, gdm}H$> `{` AmoU AVwbZr` Ag{ AoV_ emV WmZ Vy Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 733) bm{H$ ]Yw$& bm{H$]Yd{ Z_$& bm{H$mMm ]Yw. gm`m odmbm A`V oZH$Q>Mm. Vg{M g_mO d `$s `mZm oZH$Q>Mm. gdmV`m_r Ag`mZ{ Vy A`V oZH$Q>V{Z{ gdmM{ [mbZ, [m{fU, ajU H$aVm{g hUyZ Vy bm{H$]Yw Amh{g. VyM `mZm H$`mUX MrVr X{Vm{g hUyZhr Vy bm{H$]Yw Amh{g. Vwbm ^md[yU Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 734) bm{H$ZmW$& bm{H$ZmWm` Z_$& OmoUdm`m gd [mV`mMm, odmMm, g_mOmMm d `q$Mm (AV]m ApVdmZ{ `mM{ gdH$f oZ`U H$aUmam) dm_r. Vw`mM H$[{Z{ d gm{Z{ KS>V{. Vw`m MrVr_`{ AmoU MrVrgmR>r oZ_mU hm{Umam, ]m{bbm OmUmam, obohbm OmUmam d dmMbm OmUmam `{H$ eX H{$di Vw`mM gm{_wi{ oZ_mU hm{Vm{, ]m{bbm, obohbm, dmMbm OmVm{. Vwbm eVe H$Vk XS>dV Agm{. 735) _mYd$& _mYdm` Z_$& _Yw Zmdm`m `mXd Hw$imV O_b{bm, _mYd, lrH$U. gm`m g>rVrb MV` d MV`mM{ dgV F$VwgmaI{ gmX`, OrdZ_mYw` d w$Vm mZr g>rbm _m{hdUma{, d Am_gJrVmZ{ hmD$ KmbUma{, _Z naPdUma{ AodH$ma h{ gd _ybV VwP{M AdVaU Amh{. hUyZ dgV F$Vwbmhr _mYd hUVmV. A` Q>m [mhVm h{ gd [mhZ AZw^dyZ oZ^}i AmZX K{Uma{ _mZdmZ{ H{$b{b{ agJhU _ybV VyM Amh{g. hUyZ Vw`moedm` gma{H$mhr oZag Amh{. Vwbm gmXa Um_ Agm{V. 736) ^$dgb$& ^$dgbm` Z_$& AmB_mU{ ^$mda {_ H$aUmam. VwP{ AmoU odmM{ ZmV{ oZgJmVrb EH$m Zm`m`m ma{ H$mhr _mUmV g_OmdVm `{V{. h{ ZmV{ hUO{ AmBM{ ]mbH$m]am{]aM{ dmg`mM{ ZmV{. ]mbH$mbm O{hm H$mhrhr H$iV ZgV{, H$mhrhr H$aVm `{V ZgV{, EdT>{M Zh{ Va dV[U{ OJVmhr `{V ZgV{ V{hm `m`mH$Sy>Z H$m{UVrhr A[{jm Z R>{dVm AmB `mM{ O{ gJm{[Z H$aV{ `mVyZ VwP{ d oZgJmM{ (d ^$mM{) ZmV{ Wm{S>{ $ma bjmV `{V{. ]mbH$m`m Am`w`mVrb gd KQ>Zmda AmBM{ oZ`U ZgV{, ]mbH$mdarb AmBM{ dmg` hr oVMr dV>Mr d`^y H$Vr ZgyZ VwPr brbm AgV{, Vg{M AmBM{ dmg` ]mbH$m`m AVaJmV kmV{[UmZ{ ZgV{ m VrZ ]m]t_`{ ghZ{ && 196 && 197. VwPr ^$dgbVm oZamir Amh{. VwP{ ^$m`m `{H$ hmbMmbrda d ^mdZ{da kmZ[yU oZ`U AgV{. AmoU VwPr ^$dgbVm A` Hw$UmMr ZgyZ VwPrM brbm AgV{. ^$dgbVm hr oZdi VwPr d>VMr brbm Ag`mZ{ d Vy ^$X`mV kmZr gm{Z{ Z{h_rM Ag`mZ{ ]mbH$mMm `mJ (`m Zm `m H$maUmVd) H$aUm`m _mVm Agy eH$VmV [U Vy _m H$Yrhr ^$mMm `mJ H$arV Zmhrg. `mZm H$Yrhr AVa X{V Zmhrg. H$maU VwP{ dmg` [aH$mer [amdb]r Zmhr. oMaVZ dV Amh{. Vwbm eVe> H$Vk XS>dV Agm{V. gwdUdUm} hJm_m{ damJMXZmJXr$& drahm odf_: ey`m{ KVmeraMbMb:$&& 737) gwdUdU:$& gwdUdUm` Z_:$& gm{Z{ar ^m AgUmam. MamMamVrb V{OmMm, MV`mMm d kmZmMm CJ_ h{ VwP{ AJ d odmVrb V{O, MV` d kmZ hr VwP{ gm{Z{ar ^m hm{`. Vw`m ^$mM OrdZ W{Q> Vw`m_mU{M Vw`m H$[{_wi{ V{Odr, X{Xr`_mZ, MV`[yU d kmZV{OmZ{ `w$ ]ZV. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 738) h{_mSJ:$& h{_mS>J` Z_:$& ]m, odUy, JS>, qgh, _{$ B`mXr. Vg{M h{_mS>J hUO{ gwdU_` AJ Agb{bm. gOZerbVm, gJm{[Z, d{JdmZVm, Bo`O`, dmtMr CH$mVr h{ doH$ d `$sVrb JwU VyM Ag`mZ{ Vg{M gwdUm_mU{ A`V V{Odr gy` h{ VwP{ AJ Ag`mZ{ Vwbm h{_mS>J: hUVmV. Vwbm _mP{ _Zm{^md{ dXZ Agm{. 739) damS>J:$& damS>J` Z_:$& Cm_ AJm{[mJ{ AgUmam. g[yU od h{ VwP{ gwXa eara Amh{ qH$dm odmVrb gd gwXaVm h{ VwP{M AJ Amh{. d`o$H$ [mVirda `$sMr gd Cm_mJ{ Oer Hw$S>obZr, fQ>MH{$, ghma MH$ h{ gma{ X{Irb VyM Amh{g. gJwU $[m_`{ VwP{ g[yU eara Cm_ bjUr XmIod`m_mJrb V` Vw`m oZJwU oZamH$ma Aearar earamMm ]m{Y hmdm h{M AgV. hUyZM VwPr _yVu bm{H$m{ma AmoU bm{H$odbjU doeQ>mZr ZQ>b{br AgV{. `mMm EH$ h{Vy Vy oZgJoZ`_m`m AVrV Amh{g h{ XmId`mMm Agmdm. Zaqgh, JU[Vr, Vw]$, Om]wdV, hZw_mZ dJa{ gJwU $[mma{ doH$ EH$m_Vm gmYUmam VwPm JwU oXXoeV hm{Vm{M, [U Vy oZgJoZ`_mMm oZ`Vm Ag`mM{hr OmUdV{. Vw`m _mZdX{hYmar _yVvMr doeQ>{ X{Irb bm{H$odbjU ghZ{ && 197 && 198. AgVmV. XmT>r-o_emMm A^md, AZ{H$ hmV dm oea{, S>m{`m_`{ M, JJm d ZmJ, ododY dmhZ{ B`mXr_YyZ emH$mam`m d _yoVH$mam`m _ZmVrb Vw`m oZgJoZ`Vm gm{odf`rMr OmUrd Jm{Ma hm{V{. ^$mZm Vm{ ]m{Y hm{Vm{ [U `mM jUr V{ H$m`m dmMm _ZmZ{ Vz[ hm{VmV. VwP{M AJ ]ZVmV. `mZm X{h]wr amhV Zmhr. d{Ji{[UmMr OmUrd amhV Zmhr. Vwbm odZ_ Z_Z Agm{. 740) MXZmS>JXr$& MXZS>JoXZ{ Z_:$& AmZX hrM ]mh^yfU{ AgUmam qH$dm AJ MXZmZ{ ob AgUmam. XmZ h{ hmVmM{ gdm} ^yfU Amh{. Am_kmZmM{ XmZ XmZm_Yrb gdm} XmZ Amh{. `m`m Aearar gdm}H$> ]mhM{ H$[mZmVrV Cm_ ^yfU Am_kmZmZXmM{ XmZ Amh{ Agm Vy Amh{g. gJwU _yVuMr [yOm MXZm`m b{[mgh H{$br OmV{. Vg{M ^$ dV:`m X{hmbmhr MXZ bmdVm{. MXZmMm hm dm[a MXZ Amam{`Xm`r d AmZXXm`r Ag`mZ{ H{$bm OmVm{. `m>rZ{hr g gJwU _yVu_`{ AmoU MXZ bmdyZ g _ZmZ{ ^$s H$aUm`m ^$m_`{ VyM AgVm{g. Vwbm godZ` Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 741) drahm$& draK{ Z_:$& dramZm R>ma _maUmam. odmVrb { EH$dmZ{ dV:_`{ _wadyZ Q>mH$Umam. g_mOmVrb { dV:`m bm{H$m{ma kmZe$s, BN>me$s d oH$`me$sZ{ (odY_m`m _mJmV AS>Wi{ ]ZUm`m _hm]br dmtZm R>ma H$$Z) Zmhrer H$aUmam AmoU d`o$H$ [mVirdarb [a[aodam{Yr dmgZm, ^mdZm, odMma d AhH$ma `mZm odaKiyZ Am_oMVr X{Umam hUyZ Vwbm drahm hUVmV. Vwbm odZ_ dXZ Agm{. 742) odf_:$& odf_m` Z_:$& `mbm VwbZm Zmhr Agm. ^`H$a. Vy EH$_{dmoVr` Amh{g. Vw`mg_ Hw$Urhr Zmhr hUyZ odf_: AmoU odY_m`m ajUmgmR>r H$XZH$mi ]ZyZ gHw$oMV d hrZ dmtM{ [mna[` H$aUmam Amh{g hUyZhr Vwbm odf_: hUU{ g`wo$H$ Amh{. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 743) ey`:$& ey`m` Z_:$& Zgb{bm. A^mdmZ{ Agb{bm. H$m{UV{hr doeQ>, _m[Z qH$dm [na_mU Zg`mZ{ Vwbm $T>mWmZ{ ApVd Zmhr. H$m{U`mhr H$ma{ OmU`mgmaI{ qH$dm `mda odmg R>{dmdm Ag{ ApVd Vwbm ZmhrM. Vw`m MrVrgmR>r `Z H$aUma{ ghZ{ && 198 && 199. dV d Vx[ hm{VmV Va ^m]S>m AmoU AZmR>m`r odmg _mUgmbm Aghm` d [amdb]r ]ZdVm{. AZw^d`mMr dVw, AZw^dUmam, AZw^d`mMr oH$`m, AZw^dmMr gmYZ{ `m[H$s H$mhrhr Zg`mZ{hr Vy ey`M Amh{g. [aVw $T>mWmZ{ ApVd Zgb{bm hUO{ _wimVM Zgb{bm Ag{ Zh{. VwPr MrVr hr VwPr H$[m Amh{. Vw`m H$[{Z{M `$s`m ApVdmV VwPm (g`mMm) em{Y K{`mMr emarnaH$, dmgoZH$, ^mdoZH$, dMmnaH$ oH$`m gw$ hm{V{ d Vw`m H$[{Z{M H$m{U`mhr d{ir VwPr MrVr `{V{ [U VjUr `$sM{ d{Ji{ ApVd g[V{. Vwbm Amh{ hUUmamM Hw$Ur Zmhr Ag{ hm{V{. `m_wi{ Vwbm ey` hUU{M `m{`. MrVr ZgVmZmhr Vy Amh{g hUU{ hm T>m|Jr[Um, b]mS>r qH$dm d{S>{[Um AgVm{. Vg{ VwP{ ApVd [waH$maU{ hUO{ Aod{bm g` hUU{ AgV{. `m_wi{ Vy ey`M Amh{g. Vw`mda odmg R>{dU{, Vw`mda odmg R>{d`mMm X]md Q>mH$U{ (gH$mam`m d A` $[mV) EdT>{M Zh{ Va g`m`m _mJ{ bmJ`mMm dm Am_gmjmH$mamMm Ao^oZd{e YaU{ h{hr AodmO`M Amh{. ^$ Vw`m MrVr`m H$[{Z{, Vw`m BN>{Z{, Vw`m gH$[mZwgma Ah^md odg$Z AZmJhr AZmg$ AmZXmZ{ OJVmV. `mM{ Ag{ gddr Zmhrg{ hm{D$Z OJU{ hrM Cm`m _hmZ odgH$VrMr h_r Amh{. Vwbm ey` hUU{ hm Vwbm (g`) OmU`mMm AZw^d`mMm kmZ _mJ Amh{. Vz[mV H$mhrM amhV Zmhr. AkmZ g[V{M [aVw oVW{ kmZhr amhV Zmhr. H{$di ey`M amhV{. hUyZ Vy (g`) ey` Amh{g. [aVw JoUVmVrb, A^mdmMm Ame` gmJUma{ ]woJ` ey` Vy Zh{g. H$maU BW{ ey`: `mMm AW, ]woJ` JoUVmVrb A^mdXeH$ ey` Zgb{b{ _hmey` Agm Amh{. X{d Zmhr Ag{ hUUm`mMr ^yo_H$m d{Jir AgV{. `mZm Vy Zmhrg d `mM{ eara, ]wr, _Z, AhH$ma h{M g` Amh{ Ag{ dmQ>V{. ey`: `m Vw`m ZmdmMm Vgm AW Zmhr. Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 744) KVmer:$& KVmoef{ Z_:$& dXmdZm_`{ Mm{$Z bm{Ur ImUmam, H$m{U`mhr VwVrMr JaO Zgb{bm. Vy gdVm{[ar [na[yU Amh{g d Vwbm H$m{U`mhr VwVr, ^OZ, [yOZ, AMZmMr JaO Zmhr. CbQ> ^$m`mM gd BN>m Vy ImD$Z Q>mH$Vm{g. Vw`mda oOdm[mS> {_ H$aUm`m Jm{o[H$mM{ bm{Ur Vy Mm{$Z Im{g `m_mJrb X`J_ g` h{ Ag{ Amh{. A[yUV{VyZ, AgwaojVV{VyZ, Aod{VyZ BN>m, AmH$mjm, JaOm ZmhrV CbQ> ^$mZmhr [na[yU H$$Z Vy `m`m BN>m ImVm{g. `mZm Ad`o$H$ d BN>m, AmH$mjm`m AVrV odembV_ AOam_a ]ZdVm{g. [wH$iXm O{hm `{VmV H$s X{d mWZ{Mr bmM ImD$Z [w` d gwI X{Vm{ H$m`? X{dmbm MmJ`m dmJ`mMr [dm Zmhr H$m`? MmJb{ ghZ{ && 199 && 200. dmBQ> h{ Z H$a`mBV[V Vm{ Pm{[m H$mT>Umam _yI Amh{ H$m` H$s VwVr dm mWZ{ma{ `mbm OmJ{ H$amd{ bmJmd{? [w`mgmR>r mWZm H$aU{ h{ jw dmWu[UmM{ bjU Zh{ H$m`? _J Agm dmW gmYU{ h{ AohVH$maH$ Zh{ H$m`? X{dmbm Z _mZVm d Z [yOVm lr_V hm{Uma{ d X{dX{d H$$Z Xnar amhUma{ OJmV ZmhrV H$m`? h{ gd AmoU `m H$maUm_wi{ V{ V`ma hm{VmV, V{ gma{ AmoU `mZm m Zm `m H$ma{ oXbr OmUmar Cma{ d `m Cmam_mJrb ^yo_H$m AodmO` Amh{V. g[yU OJ d `mVrb bm{^Z{ `mbm VUdV dmQ>VmV Aem oZ[h AgUm`m Vy AmoU Vw`m ^$mZm Hw$Um`m odmgmMr, ^$sMr, [yO{Mr dm VwVrMr AoO]mV JaO Zmhr. qH$]hZm ]maH$mBZ{ d H$gyZ [mohb Va VwVr H$aU bm{H$m`m "hmVmVhr' Zmhr. `m`m AVam`m`m Vw`m hmVr Amh{. Vwbm d Vw`m ^$mZm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 745) AMb:$& AMbm` Z_:$& Z hmbUmam Z MmbUmam. Mb-AMbm`m, H$mim`m, [na_mUm`m d OmoUd{`mhr AVrV AgUmam d JVrM{ JVrd AmoU H$mimM{ H$mi[U AgUmam d H$m{UVrhr hmbMmb Zgb{bm hUyZ AMb Amh{g. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 746) Mb:$& Mbm` Z_:$& gVV hmbMmb H$aUmam. Z hbUmam `mMm AW gwV, oZOud, _X Agm hm{Vm{. Vm{ Vgm hm{D$ Z`{ d VwP{ ApVd Wm{S>m AoYH$ AMyH$V{Z{ AmH$bZ hmd{ hUyZ Vwbm Mb: hQ>b{ Amh{. H$maU H$mimVrV AgU{ hUO{ `dhmamV AmT>iUmar hmbMmb ZgU{ h{ O{dT>{ Ia{ V{dT>{M H$mimVrVV{_wi{ gd H$maM{ Wwbd, gwVr AoO]mVM ZgU{, qH$]hZm gdmoYH$ d oZaVa hmbMmb AgU{ h{hr AJXr Ia{ Amh{. d`o$H$ [mVirda VwP{ ^$ pWVk hUO{ AMb, AT>i oZ>m AgUma{ oMaVZ Am_mZwgYmZr Og{ AgVmV Vg{M V{ MV`, Cgmh, M[iVm, ]wr, ^mdZm d oH$`merbVm `mM{ [wVi{hr AgVmV. hUyZ Vwbm Mb: hUU{ AJXr amV Amh{. Vwbm AIS> dXZ Agm{. A_mZr _mZXm{ _m`m{ bm{H$dm_r obm{H$YH$$& gw_{Ym _{YOm{ Y`: g`_{Ym YamYa:$&& 747) A_mZr$& A_moZZ{ Z_:$& AhH$maaohV. gVV Am_$[r Ag`mZ{ AZm_ dVy`m R>m`r Am_$[mMm AhH$ma, Ao^_mZ ZgUmam, d od, g_mO, `$s `mZm Vg{ ]ZdUmam. d`o$H$ ghZ{ && 200 && 201. OrdZmV Vw`m H$[{Z{ d Vw`m MrVrZ{ X{h, dmgZm, ^mdZm, BN>m, AmH$mjm, [M dJa{ H$m{U`mhr ]m]r]b Vri_mhr AhH$ma amhmV Zmhr. H$maU Vd$[mM{ d^d EdT>{ emV d _hmZ H$s A` gd ]m]r [m{H$i, jU^Jwa d jwH$ R>aVmV. Vwbm AZ`^md{ Z_Z Agm{. 748) _mZX:$& _mZXm Z_:$& Iam dm Im{Q>m Ah^md _m{R>{[Um _mZ, X{Umam. Vg{M _mZ Z> H$aUmam. gma{ od d OmUrd hr VwPr brbm Amh{ d `$s AmoU oV`m ^mdZm/H$[Zm hr X{Irb VwPrM brbm Amh{. `m_wi{ X{h]wr AmoU Vm` Ah^md d gwI-Xw:I{ X{Umam Vy Amh{g. Vg{M, Vw`m MrVrMm $m{Q> KS>dyZ AmUyZ Ah^md d gwI-Xw:Im`m oR>H$`m CS>dUmam Vy Amh{g. Vwbm H$Vk dXZ Agm{. 749) _m`:$& _m`m` Z_:$& _mZ o_imb{bm qH$dm _mZ o_i`mg `m{`. `{H$m`m AV]m gdm} gm{Z{ amhUmam, emdV, g[yU mYm`mZ{ _mZ X{`mg `m{` d H$iV ZH$iV _mZ oXbm J{b{bm Agm Vy Amh{g. VwP{ ^$hr OJmbm d hm{VmV. Vwbm AmXa[ydH$ oU[mV Agm{V. 750) bm{H$dm_r$& bm{H$dmo_Z{ Z_:$& odmMm, OmoUdm`m ododY VamMm d AZw^dmMm dm_r. Vw`m H$[{Z{ d `j oZ`H$, H$`m ^mdmZ{ AZw^dod O_V{, gmH$maV{ d AI{a Vw`mV odb` [mdV{. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 751) obm{H$YH$$& obm{H$YJ{ Z_:$& g[yU odmMm d OmoUdm`m VamMm _ybmYma d oMaVZ oZ`Vm AmoU ajH$ Vy Amh{g. ^$m`m OmoUdm`m d AZw^dodmMmhr _ybmYma (CJ_), oZ`Vm AmoU amIUH$Vm VyM Amh{g. Vw`m AmYmam`m OmoUd{V Vwbm H$Vk Um_ Agm{V. 752) gw_{Ym:$& gw_{Yg{ Z_:$& Aearar ApVdmZ{ ewV_, X{h]woaohV d X{hmo^_mZaohV ]wr Agb{bm. Vw`m ^$mMr ]wr Vw`m_mU{M A`V ew H$aUmamhr VyM Amh{g. Vw`m odH$`mUH$mar gH$[m`m [yVugmR>r OrdZm`m `{H$ j{mV Aer ew ]wr Agb{`mM{ Z{Vd `{U{ Amd`H$ Amh{, O{ Vw`m H$[{Z{M KS>{b. Vwbm odZ_ dXZ ghZ{ && 201 && 202. Agm{. 753) _{YO:$& _{YOm` Z_:$& `mJmVyZ O_Umam. g`_, kmZ, ^$s, H$_ AmoX ododY _mJmZr gHw$oMV `o$dmMm hm{_ `mJ H$aUm`m`m, AhH$mam`m, d`o$H$V{`m, gHw$oMVV{`m AVm]am{]aM `m`m X`mH$memV Vy O_Vm{g (AdVaVm{g) hUyZ Vwbm _{YO: hUVmV. g[yU odM `m oH$`{_`{ Amh{. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 754) Y`:$& Y`m` Z_:$& H$m{UVrhr BN>m AV Zgb{bm d gd ^m{J ^m{JyZ Pmb{bm. VwP{ ^$hr Vw`m_mU{M AgVmV. V{ H$m{U`mhr Vh{`m Q>MmBZ{, A^mdmZ{ JV AgV ZmhrV. hUyZ Vwbm d Vw`m ^$mZm Y`: (^m`dmZ) hUVmV. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 755) g`_{Y:$& g`_{Ym` Z_:$& g` ]wr AgUmam. gd H$mhr OmUUmar d H$VrVhr AmUUmar emdV, oZ`H$, AMyH$ ]wr Ag`mZ{ Vwbm g`_{Y: hUVmV. Aenaar, d`o$H$, emdV, pW`VamVrV oZ`H$ AmoU dUZmVrV g` ]wr AgUm`m Vwbm odZ_ dXZ Agm{. 756) YamYa:$& YamYam` Z_:$& [drMm AmYma, qH$dm OS>VdmMm AmYma. g[yU MamMamVrb pW`Vam`m Xa`mZ AgUmam pW`VamVrV Agm odmMm AmYma Vy Amh{g. hrM ]m] [drbm AmYma X{Umam e{f `m gJwU $[mVyZ doUbr OmV{. Xwg`m >rZ{ [moh`mg doH$ qH$dm d`o$H$ [mVirda, OS>d, _XVm, WybVm, Amig, _yT>d B`mXtZr Jmgb{`mZm `m JV}VyZ ]mh{a H$mT>Umam d _w$s X{Umam hUyZ Vwbm YamYa: hUVmV. Vwbm Z_ Um_ Agm{V. V{Om{dfm{ woVYa: gde^Vm da:$& Jhm{ oZJhm{ `Jm{ ZH$eS>Jm{ JXmJO:$&& 757) V{Om{df:$& V{Om{dfm` Z_:$& V{OmMm [mD$g [mS>Umam qH$dm V{O$[r Y_ qH$dm Y_mM{ V{O AgUmam. _oWVmW Agm H$s odoZ`_mhV]m oZ`H$ Y_m`m V{OmZ{ odmbm AV]m hmD$ ghZ{ && 202 && 203. KmbUmam. d`o$H$ [mVirda, Y_kmZm`m (Am_oMVr`m) V{OmZ{ ^$mM{ X`mH$me d OmUrdm PimiyZ Q>mH$Umam, Agm Ba. Vwbm eVe: oU[mV Agm{V. 758) woVYa:$& woVYam` Z_:$& odmVrb d OmoUd{Vrb gd V{OmMmhr AmYma VyM Amh{g. kmZV{OmMm AmYma d kmZoH$aUmZr ^$mbm MrVr X{Umam Vy Agm gmjmH$ma Pmb{`m`m AV>rbm (kmMjyZm) A`V, bmd`_`, AmhmXXm`r d V{Odr oXgVm{g. A`>rZ{ [mhVm ^$mZm `m`m OrdZmVrb gd MV`mMm d V{OmMm CJ_ d AmYma Vy Ag`mM{ gVV OmUdV{ hUyZ V{ Vwbm woVYa: hUVmV. Vwbm odZ_ Z_Z Agm{. 759) gd e^Vmda:$& gde^Vmdam` Z_:$& gJwU $[m_`{ YZw`]mU YmaU H$aUmam am_ qH$dm gwXeZ MH$ YmaU H$aUmam lrH$U h{ Xm{hr h{ gdl{> eYmar VyM Amh{g. A` >rZ{ [mhVm, oZJwU d oZamH$ma Aem VwPm ^md AZmH$bZr` d emm`m ^mdm[{jmhr l{> Amh{ H$maU Vm{ H$emhr H$ma{ oZ$i H$aVm `{V Zmhr. Vw`mMaUr bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 760) Jh:$& Jhm` Z_:$& bJm_ hmVr Y$Z aWmM{ gma` H$aUmam, gd [yOm drH$maUmam. ^$m`m _ZmM{ bJm_ Y$Z `mM{ OrdZ oZ`oV H$aUmam d gd Y_m`m, gd [Wm`m gd odMmaUmbr`m kmZ_`, ^o$_` d H$oV_` [yOmMm drH$ma H$aUmam. AmUIr `m[H$ AWmZ{ [moh`mg odmVrb MamMamV]m KQ>ZmM{ AmoU OmoUdm`m VamM{ AMyH$ oZ`U H$aUmam VyM Amh{g. `m{` ^$mZm MrVrhr AMyH$ d{ir d AMyH$ H$ma{ X{Umam VyM Amh{g. Vw`mMaUr Z_H$ma Agm{V. 761) oZJh:$& oZJhm` Z_:$& Zme H$$Z em{fyZ K{Umam. odmMm Zme H$$Z AI{a V{ VyM em{fyZ K{Vm{g. `mM_mU{ ^$mM{ gHw$oMV ApVd Z> H$$Z Vy em{fyZ K{Vm{g. A` Q>m [moh`mg odmVrb AUwa{Uw_Y`m hmbMmbrda AmoU ^$m`m dmgZm- ^mdZmda VwP{M oZ`U AgyZ VyM V{ gma{ AI{a dV:_`{ g_ag H$$Z K{Vm{g. Vwbm odZ_ dXZ Agm{. 762) `J:$& `Jm` Z_:$& A[yUd Zg`mZ{ H$m{UVrhr BN>m Zgb{bm. AWmV O{ O{ A[yU Amh{ `m `m ghZ{ && 203 && 204. gdmZm dd$[ (Vx[) ]ZdyZ BN>m_w$sMr _hmZ Vr X{Umam Vy Amh{g. hUyZ Vwbm `J: hUO{ ^$m`m BN>m [yU H$a`mV gVV _ Agb{bm Ag{ hUVmV. Vw`m qMVZmZ{ XmZmVrb gm_`mMm d _hmZ AmZXmMm `` `{D$ bmJVm{. Vwbm _mP{ gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 763) ZH$eJ:$& ZH$eJm` Z_:$& OmJVr, gwfwr, dZ d Vwar`m hr qeJ{ Agb{bm. _oWVmW, AZ{H$ AdYmZ{ Agb{bm. Wm{S>`mV, OmoUdm`m gd Vam_H$ AmoU VamVrV Agm Vy `m OmoUdmma{ odmda ^wd JmOdVm{g, `mM{ dmg`mZ{ [m{fU H$aVm{g AmoU gdm} OmoUd{d$Z oH$`me$s d OrdZy$Vu X{Vm{g. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 764) JXmJO:$& JXmJOm` Z_:$& YmH$Q>m ^mdmM{ Zmd JXm hUyZ lrH$Umbm JXmJO: hUVmV. lrH$U m gJwUmdVmamVyZ JXm[yduhr hUO{ _m[yduhr hUO{M d{Xm[yduhr ApVdmV Agb{bm (AZmoX AZV [a_{a) h{ gyoMV H$am`M{ Amh{. Vg{M _m`mma{ ^$OmoUd{V AdVaUmam Agmhr ^mdmW oZKVm{. [amdmUr`mhr AVrV Aem Vwbm ^md[yU Ao^dmXZ Agm{. MVw_yoVMVw]mhMVw`yhMVwJoV:$& MVwam_m MVw^mdMVwd}XodX{H$[mV$&& 765) MVw_yoV:$& MVw_yV`{ Z_:$& Mma AmH$ma Agb{bm. Mma _yVu Agb{bm. Mma `wJ{, H$V ([mT>am dU), {Vm (a$dU), m[ma (o[dim dU) d H$br (H$mim dU), Mma AdWm (OmJVr, dZ, Pm{[ d ewd$[), Mma gy_ $[{ (od, V{Og, km d Vwar`m), Mma ApVd{ (odamQ>, oha`J^, Ba d AZmoX AZV Agm [a_m_m), Aem Vh{Z{ VwP{ dUZ H$a`mV Amb{ Ag`mZ{ Vwbm MVw_yoV: hUVmV. Vwbm _mP{ gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 766) MVw]mh:$& MVw]mhd{ Z_:$& [yd, [o_, Cma, XojU `m Mma oXem d d`o$H$ [mVirda _Z, ]wr, oMm d AhH$ma h{ Mma ]mhw Agb{bm, hUyZ MVw]mh:. Vw`m gJwU ^$sVyZ VwPr odm_H$Vm OmUdV{. Vwbm _mP{ AZ`^mdZ{Z{ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. ghZ{ && 204 && 205. 767) MVw`yh:$& MVw`yhm` Z_:$& Mma oH$`merb aMZm qH$dm AdVmamZr dV: H|$WmZr amhyZ H$m` H$$Z K{Umam. m aMZmZm [wf Ag{hr hUVmV. eara[wf (earamVrb [wf-Ordm_m), N>X[w$f (_mVrb [wfVd), d{X [wf (d{XmVrb [wf qH$dm Vd) AmoU _hm[wf hUO{ odm_H$ [wf qH$dm Vd, Aem Mma aMZm`m ([wfm`m) ma{ gVV H$m`aV AgUmam Agm VyM Amh{g. MmKmZr ]Zb{bm Ag`mZ{ Vwbm MVw`yh: hUVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 768) MVwJoV:$& MVwJV`{ Z_:$& A``Z-A`m[Z, AWmOZ, gajU d g{dm H$aUma{ Mma dU, ]M`, JhW, dmZW d g`mg AmMaUma{ Mma Aml_ `m MmKmhr g_yhmZm o_iUmar Y_, AW, H$m_, _m{j `m Mmahr H$maMr JVr ([naUVr) VyM Amh{g. Vwbm godZ` Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 769) MVwam_m qH$dm Mdam_m$& MVwam_Z{ Z_:$& doH$ [mVirda Mma `yhmZr ]Zb{bm [a_m_m Va d`o$H$ [mVirda _Z, ]wr, oMm d AhH$ma `m Mma AJmZr _oS>V Agm Ordm_m Vy Amh{g. [aVw doH$ d d`o$H$ [mVirda Vy ew d JwUmVrV Amh{g. odm_H$ d d`o$H$, eara AmoU AV:H$aU H$moeV H$aUmam Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ _Zm{^md{ Z_Z Agm{. 770) MVw^md:$& MVw^mdm` Z_:$& MmamMm _ybm{V, CJ_. doH$ [mVirda odMma H$aVm, gd, aO, V_ d JwUmVrV Ag gd ApVd AmoU d`o$H$ [mVirda odMma H$aVm Y_, AW, H$m_ d _m{j Ag [naUm_d$[ ApVd, hr Vw`m[mgyZM C[ hm{VmV. OmJVr, Pm{[, dZ d Vwar`m AdWmhr Vw`m[mgyZ V`ma hm{VmV. ^o$`m{J, H$_`m{J, amO`m{J d kmZ`m{J X{Irb Vw`m[mgyZM C[ hm{VmV. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 771) MVwd}XodV$& MVwd}XodX{ Z_:$& F$d{X, gm_d{X, `Owd}X d AWdd{X h{ Mmahr d{X OmUUmam d{XmMm Iam kmVm d Aearar CJ_ Vy Amh{g. Vw`m[mgyZM ]kmZr F$ftZm d{Xmr Pmbr d hUyZM d{XmZm A[mf{` hUVmV. _mZdoZo_V Zgb{b{ hUVmV. gHw$oMV X{h]wr [yU[U{ Z> Pmb{`m F$ft`m X`mH$memV [amdmUr`m ma{ Aem Vh{Z{ AdVrU Pmb{`m ghZ{ && 205 && 206. d{XmM{ EH$_{d Co> d gdm} [naUVr VwPr mr h{M Amh{. gd kmZmMm CJ_, oZ`Vm d AoV_ h{Vy (d [naUVr) Agb{`m Vwbm eVe: bm{Q>mJU{ Agm{V. 772) EH$[mV$& EH$[X{ Z_:$& gd od `m`m EH$m [m`m_mU{ Amh{ qH$dm EH$m [m`mZ{ `mZ{ odmbm AmYma oXbm Amh{ qH$dm od h{ `m`m EImm Aem_mU{ Amh{. _oWVmW Agm H$s Vy EH$dmZ{ OmUUmam, EH$dmZ{ AgUmam, ^$mbm EH$_{dmoVr`[Xr Z{Umam d dV: V{W{M amhUmam Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ H$Vk Ao^dmXZ Agm{. g_mdVm}oZdmm_m XwO`m{ XwaoVH$_:$& Xwb^m{ XwJ_m{ XwJm} Xwamdmgm{ Xwamnahm$&& 773) g_mdV:$& g_mdVm` Z_:$& C[mr, pWVr d odZme (pW`Va) hm odmMm oZ`_ oZo_Umam d oZ`oV H$aUmam hUyZ Vwbm g_mdV: hUVmV. dV: pW`VamVrV AgyZ Aer Ag` MH{$ o$adUmam, odoZo_Vr, pWVr d odZme `mMm H$Vm d oZ`Vm Vy Amh{g. H$_gH$m{M d H$_odVmamM{ MH$ o$adUmamhr Vy Amh{g. d`o$H$ [mVirdarb Pm{[ OmJVr Pm{[ Ag{ MH$, O_-_`yM{ MH$, ]mb-`wdm dmdW{M{ MH$, B`mXtMm H$Vm oZ`Vmhr VyM Amh{g. g_mOmVrb Y_Wm[Zm, Y_dr d Y_ZmemM{ MH$ KS>odUmam d oZ`oV H$aUmamhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 774) oZdmm_m qH$dm AoZdmm_m$& oZdmm_Z{ Z_:$& AoZdmm_Z{ Z_:$& hr Xm{hr Zmd{ VwP{ $[ dUZ H$aVmV. odmVrb MamMam_`{ `j[U{ gh^mJr Z Pmb{bm d hUyZ gmjr Ag`mZ{ Vwbm oZdmm_m hUVmV. Va AoZdmm_m hUO{ od C[mr, pWVr d b` `mM{ AoVhV[U{ oZ`U H$aUmam hUyZ Vwbm (H$YrM [amL>_wI Z hm{Vm H$m` H$aUmam) AoZdmm_m hUVmV. _wS>H$m{[oZfXmV EH$_{d [a_m_$[r PmS>mdarb EH$ $i{ Z ImUmam Va Xwgam $i{ ImUmam Aem Xm{Z [`mM{ dUZ Amh{. h{ Xm{Zhr VwP{M _mZdmbm OmUdUma{ d^mdode{f Amh{V. `mMm VdmW Agm H$s Vy EH$mM d{ir oZdmm_m d AoZdmm_m AgyZ Xm{ht`m AVrV Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 775) XwO`:$& XwO`m` Z_:$& AqO`. odm_H$ [mVirda A`mhV[U{ a{g^ahr Z odMobV hm{Vm Vy O{ ghZ{ && 206 && 207. gdg_md{eH$ H$m` H$aVm{g `m_`{ Hw$Urhr ]mYm AmUy eH$V Zmhr. gm_moOH$ d d`o$H$ [mVirdahr gd AodmO` AdZVrMm ^md `WmpWV, `WmdH$me, `Wm`m{` Vh{Z{ Z> H$aUmam Am_kmZm{X` KS>odUmam gd`m[r kmgy` Vy Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ brZ^md{ Z_Z Agm{. 776) XwaoVH$_:$& XwaoVH$_m` Z_:$& `m`m [brH$S>{ qH$dm odam{YmV OmU{ H$R>rU, (Ae`) Amh{ Agm. H$Um, H$m`, V_m{JwU, gdJwU, ]wr, ^mdZm B`mXr H$m{U`mhr AodmO` dmrVyZ d Vm` H$VrVyZ odZme qH$dm odH$`mUmM{ oH$Vrhr `Z H{$b{ Var V{ gd Vw`m gH$[m_`{ odaKiyZ OmVmV. [a_m{ AmoU odoZ`Vm Aem Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 777) Xwb^:$& Xwb^m` Z_:$& m hm{`mg A`V H$R>rU Agm Vy Amh{g. Aod{Z{ JV Aem bm{H$mZm gHw$oMV X{h]woO` odMma `{VmV. Vw`m ApVdmMm odMma X{Irb `m`m _ZmV `{V Zmhr. `m_wi{ VwPr mr A`V H$R>rU ]ZV{. `XmH$XmoMV VwPm odMma Ambm Va Vw`m ApVdmMm X{h]woJ` [wamdm Z o_im`mZ{ V{ VwPm odMma gm{Sy>Z X{VmV d dV: VH$emmV AS>Hy$Z amhVmV. Aod{Z{ `m VhZ{hr VwPr mr A`V H$R>rU hm{V{. Aod{_wi{ ApWa Za ]m]t]b g`dmMr ^mdZm AmoU _m{h V`ma hm{Vm{ d gma{ bj, `mZ, oVW{M H|$oV amhV{ d VwPm odga [S>Vm{. VwPr mr Xwb^ hm{V{. Aod{_wi{ AhH$mahr V`ma hm{Vm{. "_r' gd H$mhr H$$ eH$Vm{ `m H$[Z{_`{ _mUyg AS>Hy$Z [S>bm H$s gHw$oMV "_r'`m [obH$S>{ AgUmam Vy Xwb^ hm{Vm{g. H{$di Vw`mM H$[{Z{ m hm{Umam [U A`Wm Xwb^ Aem Vwbm ^o$[ydH$ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 778) XwJ_:$& XwJ_m` Z_:$& oOW{ [m{MU{ AoVe` H$R>rU Ag{ WmZ. X{hmVrb gd{XZ H|$m_wi{ earagwI, AVmdr JWt`m ^mdmZ{ dmgZm, _|XyVrb ododY ^mJm`m ZgoJH$ oH$`m_wi{ ^mdZm, odMma, H$[Zm, _aUe$s `mMm CJ_ AmoU ^md C[ hm{Vm{. _|Xy_wi{ ]wrhr H$m`aV hm{V{. `m gdm_wi{ emarnaH$, _mZogH$, H$mQw>o]H$, AmoWH$, gm_moOH$, amOH$s` ApVdm`m dm gwIm`m H$[Z{V d `ZmV _mUyg Jwa$Q>Vm{. EdT>{M Zh{ Va `m gd OrdZgKfmV gwI o_im{ dm Xw:I Aod{[m`r Vm{ emdV gwImbm, Vwbm odgaVm{. gmhoOH$M Am_$[ Aem Vw`m[`V [m{MU{ EdT>m ghZ{ && 207 && 208. AS>gam_i{ `mbm H$R>rU hm{V. H{$di Vw`mM H$[{Z{ VwPm ^$ `m AS>gamZm O_rZXm{V w { H$$Z Vw`m[`V [m{MVm{ d Vz[ hm{Vm{. Vwbm gmXa Um_ Agm{V. 779) XwJ: $& XwJm` Z_: $& A^{ oH$m. X{h]wr, AhH$ma, _m{h, ]wr^e, Vm` ZmpVH$Vm qH$dm AY ApVH$Vm, `m`m VQ>]Xr_`{ Vwbm AV`m_r H$m|S>b{ H$s VwPr MrVr Xwam[mV hm{V{. Vw`mV [m{M`m`m oH$`m Vw`m H$[{oedm` o_iV ZmhrV. `mVd Vwbm A^{ oH$m hQ>b{ Amh{. odm_H$ [mVirda X{Irb O{ Amh{ Ag{ Z{h_r ^mgV{ `m`m [m^y_rda O{ Zmhr Ag{ ^mgV{ `mMm odMmaM ZmH$mabm OmVm{ d `m_wi{ O{ Zmhr Ag{ ^mgyZhr AgV{ V{ (Vy) XwJ ]ZyZ A^{ ]ZV{. Vw`m H$[{Z{ gHw$oMV `o$dmMm Zme H$aUm`m d MrVr X{Um`m Vwbm _mP{ ^md[yU oU[mV Agm{V. 780) Xwamdmg: $& Xwamdmgm` Z_: $& `m WmZr amhU{ A`V H$R>rU AgV{ Ag{ WmZ. ApVd AmoU Z-ApVd `m`m _Zw`m`m OmoUd{_wi{ `m Xm{hm|`m AVrV Aem Vw`m Wm`r pWa hm{U{ _Zw`mbm A`V H$R>rU hm{V{. H$maU `mgmR>r OmoUd{`m AVrV ]Zmd{ bmJV{. gdgmm`V: ApVdmMm AmYma hUyZ eara, _Z, ]wr, Hw$Qw>], Jmd, gm_moOH$ WmZ, amOH$s` gmm, dJa|da AmoU `mgX^mVrb AZw^d, A[{jm B`mXtda `$s Adb]yZ AgV{. Vw`m R>m`r amhU{ hUO{ `m gdmM{ T>m{]i ApVd Oar ZmH$maU{ Zgb{ Var `m gdmdaMr ^__ybH$ Aer T> o^V qH$dm _Xma ZmH$maU{ Amh{. V{ Z O_`mZ{ Vwbm Xwamdmg: hUU{ amV Amh{. H{$di Vw`m H$[{Z{M Vz[ hm{D$Z amhU{ e` Amh{ - A`Wm Zmhr. Vwbm _mP{ eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 781) Xwamnahm $& XwamnaZ{ Z_: $& amjgmMm Zme H$aUmam. dmBQ> eyMm Zme H$aUmam. odH$`mUm`m Vw`m gH$[mVrb Vw`m odam{YmV `{Um`m `$s dm dVtZm `m{` Vm{ XS> (X{hXS> oH dm A`) X{Umam. bmIm|`m AV:H$aUmVrb AYm{Jm_r dmtMm Zme H$$Z odH$`mU d Am_m{Vr EH$X_M gm` H$aUmam hUyZ Vwbm Xwamnahm hUVmV. ew^mL>Jm{ bm{H$gmaJ: gwVVwVwVVwdYZ: $& BH$_m _hmH$_m H$VH$_m H$VmJ_: $& 782) ew^mJ: $& ew^mJm` Z_: $& Cm_ eara Agb{bm. qH$dm Cm_Vm h{M eara Agb{bm. `m`m XeZmZ{ ghZ{ && 208 && 209. H$`mU hm{V{ Agm. g[yU od d `mVrb AZw[_ Ag{ gdH$mhr hUO{ VwP{ eara Amh{. gJwU $[mV VwPr _yVu VwP{ eara oZXm}f d Cm_ bjUr AgV{. d`o$H$ [mVirda d gm_moOH$ [mVirda VwP{ XeZ Z{h_rM ew^ AgV{. oZJwUm`m `mZmZ{ d gJwU ^$sZ{ Vw`m H$[{Z{, gHw$oMVVm d X{h]wr H$_r hm{V{. Vr Ver H$_r hm{U{ hrM odH$`mUmMr A`V _hdmMr [m`ar Amh{. hUyZ Vwbm ew^mJ: hUVmV. _mZg[yO{ma{ dm _yoV, $m{Q>m{, Zm__aU B`mXt`mma{ am{O gH$mir gdW_ X{d XeZ K{`mMm C[X{e mM _hmZ g`mda AmYmab{bm Amh{. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 783) bm{H$gmaJ: $& bm{H$gmaJm` Z_: $& gdk, gd MamMamM{ _yi Vd. Vy odmM{ gmaVd OmUUmam gdk Amh{g. MamMamVrV, `m`mVrV Ag{ emdV, gdg_md{eH$ d pW`VamVrV _yiVd Vy Amh{g. VwbmM F$of_wZtZr < H$ma hQ>b{ Amh{. Vw`mMaUr _mP{ _VH$ Agm{. 784) gwVVw: $& gwVVd{ Z_: $& gwXa Vh{Z{ EH$mm Ym`mgmaI{ odVmab{b{, I{Mb{b{. "gw[apQ>J' `m ZmdmMr Zdr odgH$[Zm Vw`m d$[m`m H$mhrer Odi[mg [m{MV{. S>m.dmP d S>m.JrZ `mZr gOrd d oZOudm_mU{M ododY KQ>Zm_mJrb oZ`_m`m [o>H$aUmgmR>r hr gH$[Zm _mS>br Amh{. YmJm `m_mU{ _`mZm EH$ Jw$Vm{ `m_mU{ MamMa od d H$mi X{Irb Vy EH$dmV Jw$b{ Amh{g AmoU `mda oZ`U H$arV Ambm Amh{g. Vwbm oeagm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 785) VVwdYZ: $& VVwdYZm` Z_: $& ded{brMr (VVw) dr H$aUmam. H$mbmKm_`{ OrdZVdmMr AIS>Vm oQ>H$dUmam _mZdde dqJV R>{dUmam VyM Amh{g. `mM_mU{ Jw$-oe` [a[a{`m ma{ Am_kmZmMr AIS> [a[am oQ>H$dUmamhr Vy Amh{g. `mM_mU{ g>r_Yrb KQ>ZmMr/KQ>ZmH$_mMr AIS>Vm oQ>H$dUmam X{Irb VyM Amh{g. H$maU _yi ]rO (O{ oZ`H$hr AgV{) VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ odZ_ dXZ Agm{. 786) BH$_m $& BH$_U{ Z_: $& H$`mUH$mar H$m`{ H$aUmam. _Jb H$m`} H$aUmam Iar d^dg[ H$m`} H$aUmam. A` Q>m _Z (B) h{ `mM{ H$_ Amh{ Agm. hUO{M _ZmMm (odd_Z d `$sM{ _Z) oZ_mVm, H$Vm d oZ`Vm Vy Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ godZ` Um_ Agm{V. ghZ{ && 209 && 210. 787) _hmH$_m $& _hmH$_U{ Z_: $& _m{R> H$m` [ma [mS>Umam. odm{[mr, pWVr, OmoUdmMm odH$mg, Am_kmZm{X`, odZme, (pW`Va) Aem Vh{Z{ odH$_ MmbodUmam. _bm OmUrd[ydH$ Vw`m Xm`mV Vw`m MaUr brZ amh X{. 788) H$VH$_m $& H$VH$_U{ Z_: $& H$m` [ma [S>b{bm. Vy [na_mUmVrb, gH$[-odH$[mVrV, oMaVZ [yUdmZ{ amhUmam, H$VH$` [a_m_m Amh{g. Vwbm ^md[yU Z_Z Agm{. 789) H$VmJ_: $& H$VmJ_m` Z_: $& d{X_ qH$dm Bar dmUr O{ kmZodkmZmMr gdm} [m`ar AgV{. Ad`o$H$ ]Zb{`m, _ZaohVV{V OJUm`m AhH$mamVrV F$ft`m AV:H$aUmV m eX$[mZ{ Vy VwPr MrVr X{Vm{g hUyZ d{X, Am|H$ma A[mf{` Amh{V. `mMm H$Vm, gdk d gd`m[r Agm Vy Amh{g. Ia{ [mhVm Hw Urhr H$mhrhr obohb{, ]m{bb{ Var V{ Vw`mVyZM CJ_ [mdb{b{ AgV{ h{ Ia{. [aVw d{X-_ hUO{ AoO]V ^{gi Zgb{br VwPr H$Vr Agm BW{ Ame` Amh{. ]mH$s`m`m obImUmV Aod{Mr ^{gi `{D$ eH$V{. Xwgar ]m] Aer H$s d{XH$`mZr H$Yrhr H$V}[U dV:H$S>{ K{Vb{ Zmhr H$maU Bar dmUr d {aUm VmH$mi Am{iI`mBV[V V{ ew AmoU Iam{IaM AhH$mamVrV hm{V{. CbQ> AhH$ma Aod{Z{ JV _S>itM{ b{IZ `m _S>itZm dV:Mr H$am_V dm H$Vd dmQ>V{ H$maU Bar {aU{Mr `mZm OmUrdhr ZgV{. JJm JJmM AgV{ [U JJm{r JJm d{Jir d H$bH$`mVrb d{Jir. qH$dm [mUr [mUrM Agb Var _{Km_Yrb [mUr d{Ji d JQ>mamVyZ dmh bmJb{b d{Ji. oedm` `m gX^mV [mhVm ""JJm{r'' AmoU ""_{KmZm'' _mhrV AgV{ H$s `m`mVb{ [mUr ""Bar`'' Amh{ ""`mM{'' Zmhr. hr CXmhaU{ eXe: H$XmoMV bmJy [S>br Zmhr Var Ame` [> hm`bm _XV H$aVmV. ^$ X` d ^$k{VyZ AdVaUm`m kmZ, ^$s, H$_, eX, _ Aem gdmMm oZ_mVm H$Vm Agb{`m Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. CX^d: gwXa: gwXm{ aZZm^: gwbm{MZ: $& AH$m} dmOgZ: lJr O`V: gdodm`r $&& 790) CX^d: $& CX^dm` Z_: $& Om{ Hw$Umhr H$Sy>Z oZo_bm J{bm Zmhr, gdbm J{bm Zmhr, Hw$Um`m BN>{Z{hr O_bm Zmhr d dV:M gd odmM{ _yi H$maU, (od CX^dUmam) Amh{ Agm. ghZ{ && 210 && 211. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 791) gwXa: $& gwXam` Z_: $& gmX`dmZ. _Zw`m`m gmX`mZw^dmM{ (gmX`mZ{ ^mab{ Om`mM), AoY>mZ, "gwXa' dVw, [mhUma{ S>m{i{ dm _Z m Xm{ht_`{hr ZgyZ m oVhrZm oZo_Uma, oVhrZm (`jmV bmIm{ oH$`mZm) EH$ AmUUma{, `mVyZ [a[amV g]Y AmoU oH$`m KS>dUma{, `mVyZ AZw^dmMr oZo_Vr H$aUma{, `m AZw^dmM{ JQ>rH$aU H$aUma{ Ag{ O{ gd`m[r d oZ`m_H$ Vd (Vy) Amh{, `m_`{ AgV{. Vw`m H$[{Z{ `mMr OmUrd hm{VmM g[yU od Vw`m Xdr ApVdmZ{ ^ab{b{ d AoVgwXa oXgy bmJV{M [U `mM]am{]a dVwMm [m{H$i[Um d jU^Jwad g_OyZ `m gmX`mZw^dmbm gmO{er oZamg$r, oZ[hVmhr `{V{. gmX`mM{ _ybVd, gmX`mMm _hmZV_ Ame` d g[yU odmVrb gmX`mZw^dmMm oZ`Vm mU Vy Amh{V. hUyZ OJmVrb ``mdV gd ]m]t[{jm VyM gwXa Amh{g. A` Q>m [mhVm ]mH$s gd gmX`mZw^d jU^Jwa d _`moXV AgVmV. [aVw VwPr AZw^yVr g[yU ApVd AV]m `m[yZ Q>mH$Umar, A_`mX, oMaVa AmoU odH$`mUH$mar Amh{V. hUyZhr Vy gdmoYH$ gwXa Amh{g. AmUIr EH$m AWmZ{ VwP{ gJwU $[, Vw`m ^$sV [yU aJb{`m ^$mbm $maM Cm_ dmQ>V{. H$maU `mbm A` H$m{UVrhr Jm{> Vw`mg_m{a oZH$> dmQ>V{. gdVm{[ar d oMaVZ[U{ gwXa Aem Vwbm oeagm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 792) gwX: $& gwXm` Z_: $& H$[m, Vy H$m{U`mhr _mZdr ^mdZ{`m-odMmam`m H$[Zm`m AVrV Amh{g. Vwbm _mZdr _mZd ^mdZm Amh{V Ag{ g_OU{ hUO{ g[yU od EH$ _mZd MmbdVm{ Amh{ Ag{ g_OU{. oZJwU oZamH$mamodf`r Aer H$[Zm H$aUma{ Z$sM ^m]S>{ AgVmV. [U _wimV gJwU ^$m`m _ZmV H$Yrhr Aer X{dH$[Zm ZhVr. Agbm d|Yim ^_ `mZm H$Yrhr ZhVm. `m_wi{ gJwU [yOm/^$s H$aUm`mZrhr Agm ^m]S>m [m{aH$Q> odmg R>{dU{ MwH$sM{ Amh{. [U Varhr Vwbm gwX: (H$[m) hUVmV. H$maU oZJwU Agm{ qH$dm gJwU Agm{ VwPr MrVr K{Umam ^$ {_m`m d X`{`m _hmgmJamV Sw>]V AgmV{. `m_mU{ `mbm Am[U gwXa hUVm{ Vg{ A` H$mhr oXgb{ H$s Am[U (_wimV V{ gwXa Agm{ dm Zgm{) `m gwXa hUVm{. Vg{M CXmm d X`miy `$s`m ^{Q>rZ{ Og{ {_mM{ ^aV{ `{V{ Vg{M ^aV{ Vw`m gmjmH$mamZ{ `{V{ hUyZ Vwbm H$[miy, H$[m_`, H$[m (gwX:) hUVmV. Vwbm AIS> dXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 211 && 212. 793) aZZm^: $& aZZm^m` Z^: $& ]|]r_`{ aZ Agb{bm, qH$dm ]|]r_YyZ ]X{d oZ_mU Pmb{bm Ag{ VwP{ gJwU $[. `mMm _oWVmW Agm H$s Vy gOZerbV{Mm CJ_ Amh{g. oZ`Vm Amh{g. AmYma Amh{g. H$maU Zm^r h{ mUe$sM{ d dmV Xm{fmM{ A`V _hdmM{ WmZ Amh{. Vg{M [am, [`Vr, _`_m d dIar m Mma dmUr Zm^r, X`, Jim d Or^ `m`mer AmoU OmoUd{`m Mma [mV`mer g]oYV Amh{V. ew kmZmMm d hUyZ ew [od dmUrMm ew, CJ_ [amdmUrVyZ, Zm^r WmZmVyZ, `$s "`o$daohV' ]Zbr H$s hm{Vm{. `m_wi{ h{ Vd R>god`mgmR>r Vw`m gJwU oMmV Vw`m Zm^rV aZ d Zm^rVyZ ]X{d Amb{b{ XmIdVmV d Vwbm aZZm^ hUVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 794) gwbm{MZ: $& gwbm{MZm` Z_: $& Cm_ Z{ Agb{bm. VmodH$ Q>m o>kmMm H$Vm Vy Amh{g hUyZ odmVrb S>m{i{, kmZ|o`{ VwPrM Amh{V. `m EH$m`m_wi{M h{ gd Z{ gwXa ]ZVmV. A` H$ma{ [moh`mg g[yU odm`m, _mZdm`m AV]m gVV [mhUma{ VwP{ Z{ Amh{V. _mV{`m __V{Z{ V{ ^$mZm AV]m gXmgdXm [mhVmV hm ^$mMm AZw^d Amh{. hUyZ Vwbm Cm_ Z{ Agb{bm hUVmV V{ g_[H$ Amh{. H$maU gwXa S>m{`mM{ bjU __Vm (H{$di AmH$ma d aJ Zh{) oZH$[Q>. oZdmW {_ h{M Amh{. Vw`m ^$mZm VwP{ S>m{i{ `mM H$maUmVd AoV gwXa oXgVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 795) AH$: $& AH$m` Z_: $& gy` $[mVrb Ba. VwP{ C[mgH$ gm`m g>rbm OrdZ X{Um`m gy`m`m $[mV Vwbm [mhVmV d hUyZ AZ{H$ oR>H$mUr gy`[yOm hm{V{. gy` `m_mU{ Ordg>rMm AmYma Amh{. `mM_mU{ Vy (kmZgy`) MamMa g[yU odmMm emdV AmYma Amh{g. h{M AoYH$ [> H$a`mgmR>r, gy`mM{ V{Ohr Vw`m[mgyZ `{V{ h{ XmId`m`m h{VyZ{ gy`m`m _`^mJr H|$WmZr VwPr [oV_m H$aVmV. gy`m}[mgZm, gy`Zmam`Um{[mgZm `mVrb V` hUO{ gOZerbVmhr oOWyZ (]) CJ_ [mdbr `mMr [yOm Ag{ Amh{. Vwbm godZ` dXZ Agm{. 796) dmOgZ: $& dmOgZm` Z_: $& AXmVm, [m{fUH$Vm. _mV{_mU{ MamMamMm [m{fUH$Vm. H{$di ^moVH$ Q>mM Zh{ OmoUd{`m VamZmhr V H$aUmam. `m_wi{ gd "^yH$' V`ma hm{V{ d `m_wi{ Vr ^mJV{ Agm gd ]m]tMm oZ_mVm d oZ`Vm Vy Amh{g. [aVw gd Vh{Z{ [m{fU H$aUmam `mMm AW `o$gm[{j Zmhr. `$s hUyZ `$s`m JaOm ^mJod`mM{ VwP{ oZ`_ ghZ{ && 212 && 213. Amh{V d V{ Aod{Z{ Jmgb{`mZr ododY H$ma{ AmH$bZ H{$b{ Amh{V. VwP{ d$[ EH$mm gd dVw _m{$V o_iUm`m XwH$mZm_mU{ H{$b{ AmoU [Xar oZamem Ambr Va Am` dmQ>m`bm ZH$m{. `mM_mU{ AmD$oZm`m OmXy`m oX`mVrb amjgm_mU{ VwP{ H$m` Amh{ Aer g_OyV H$$Z K{mm`m`m [Xar XmU d$` Amb{ Va `mV Zdb Zmhr. Hw$Umbmhr H{$hmhr BN>{Zwgma hd{ V{ ImD$ X{Umam Ba AOyZ[`V Var Hw$Um`mhr MrVrg Amb{bm Zmhr. OJmVrb [wH$ier Xw:I{ Aem H$ma`m AodmO` H$[Zm_wi{ V`ma Pmbr Amh{V. Am`m`m PmS>mda ]gyZ Am]m ImUm`m ImarZ{ Am`m`m PmS>mM{ ApVd ZmH$maU{ h{ O{dT>{ MyH$ Amh{ V{dT>{M Am`m`m PmS>mZ{ _m{R>m {_mZ{ `m EH$m Imarbm H{$hm d oH$Vr ^yH$ bmJ{b h{ bjmV K{D$Z `m{` d{ir Am]m o[H$dbm d Vm{ Im`mMr ]wr oXbr Ag{hr ImarZ{ dV:`m H$[Z{Z{ g_OU{ AmoU Am]m Vm|S>mV `{D$Z [S>`mMr dmQ> [mhmU{ h{ g`mMm AmYma Zg`mZ{ ^__ybH$ Amh{. _`moXV AWmZ{ [moh`mg Ba Am`m`m PmS>mgmaIm Amh{. Vm{ __Vmiy Agbm Var Xad{ir d`o$H$ BN>m-AmH$mjm [m{g`mgmR>r d{R>od]Jmam_mU{ H$m_ H$aUmam Amh{ Ag{ g_OU{ dVwpWVrbm Y$Z Zmhr. ]maH$mBZ{ [moh`mg, Ba g[yU odmMm oZ_mVm, oZ`Vm d [m{fUH$Vm Amh{ `mMm EdT>mM AW Amh{ H$s Bad$[ Pmb{`mZm `m gd ]m]r odMmamVrV OrdZmdW{V `j MrVrg Amb{`m Amh{V. [U `mVrb _hdmMr ]m] hUO{ Ba O{ [m{fU H$aVm{ V{ `m `$s`m Am_d$[r amhZ. `m_wi{ Am_d$[ Z OmUdb{`mZr dV:`m jw gH$[m]m]V BdamH$Sy>Z Amem YaU{ AmoU oVMr [yVu Z Pm`mg oZame hm{U{ qH$dm Bambm O]m]Xma YaU{ hUO{ Am_dMZm hm{`. Vg{M dV:`m Aod{_`{ d V_m{JwUr ^_m_`{ amhU{ hm{`. ZXr`m H$mR>mda ]gyZ dmhm`m AZw^dm`m H$[ZmMr V dm hamU hm{`mgmaI{M h{ Amh{. Xm{hrhr Im{Q>rM. gd odmM{ gdVm{[arM{ [m{fU `m{`m`m{`V{Zwgma Vw`m MrVrZ{ qH$dm emarnaH$, _mZogH$, ]moH$ dJa{ AZw^dmZr AmoU BVahr H$mamZr AV`m_r amhZ H$aUmam Agm Vy dXZr` Ba Amh{g h{ Ia{ Agb{ Var H$m{U`mhr (gHw$oMV ]wrZ{ R>adb{`m, AmIb{`m) oZ`_mZwgma qH$dm AmS>m`mZwgma Vy Hw$UmM{hr H$m{UV{hr [m{fU H$arV Zmhrg. Vy [m{fU H$aVm{g `mMm odMmamVrV AW Vw`m MrVrZ{M H$iy eH$Vm{ d Vm{M Iam hm{`. `m]b MrVrey` AmS>mI{ ]mYU{ qH$dm Aem AmS>m`mda odmg R>{dU{ hr ]mS>Jwir dmr hm{`. hUyZM Vy d Vw`m H$[{da odmg R>{dU{ h{ AmO`m H$mimV oZaWH$ d oZ[`m{Jr qH$dm [amYrZVm dmT>dUma{ R>aV{, MrVr`m AmS> `{V{. AM H$m` gd H$mhr [wadUm`m VwP{ oZ`_ V_` d Vz[ hm{D$ZM H$iy eH$VmV d Vg{ H$i`mdaM V{ drH$maU{ `m{` hm{`. A`Wm Zmhr. ghZ{ && 213 && 214. gdmM{ [mfU H$aUm`m Vwbm godZ` oU[mV Agm{V. 797 ) eJr $& eoJU{ Z_: $& qeJ Agb{bm. _`mdVmam_`{ dV:`m qeJmbm OrdZmMr ZmH$m ]mYyZ Vr gwaojV R>{dUmam h{ VwP{ gJwU $[. `mMm EH$ _oWVmW kmZodkmZ d bm{H$m{ma ehmU[Um`m ma{ (O{ H{$di drH$V MobV qhXy AdVmam[waV{ _`moXV Zmhr) OrdZmV Am_kmZmM{ A_a MV` d gwaojVVm oZ_mU H$aUmam VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 798) O`V: $& O`Vm` Z_: $& Z{h_r odO`r hm{Umam. O{ O{ KS>V{ V{ Vw`mM BN>{Z{ KS>V{. Vw`m BN>{`oVna$ A` H$mhrhr KS>V Zmhr, hUyZ Z{h_r VyM odO`r AgVm{g. VwP{ ^$ O{hm h{ odYmZ H$aVmV V{hm MmJ`m d dmBQ> gdM Jm{>r BaM KS>dVm{ H$m`? Oa Ba dmBQ>hr Jm{>r KS>dVm{ Va Ba d gVmZ `m`mV H$m{UVm $aH$ amohbm? ^$bm{H$ H$m{UVmM R>mg [wamdm X{V Zg`mZ{ gd H$mhr Bar BN>Z{ KS>V{ Ag{ gaYm{[Q> odYmZ V{ AYl{Z{ { { H$emd$Z H$arV Zgmd{V? oedm` MmJ`m d dmBQ> Xm{hr Jm{>r Oa BaM KS>drV Ag{b Va `m Bamda odmg Z R>{d`mZ{ (`dhma Q>m dmBQ> V{ Q>i{b Ag{ Zmhr d MmJb{ V{ KS>V{M Ag{ Zmhr `m_wi{) H$m` o]KS>V{? AI{a BarBN>m hr gH$[ZmM Zmhr H$m`? _mZdr BN>{Z{M _mZdmZ{ H$[Z{`m j{mV Q>mH$b{b{ h{ EH$ oVq]] H$emd$Z Zmhr? ZmpVH$ bm{H$ `edr hm{VmVM Zm? _J BamZ{ d{Jim O` o_idyZ X{`mMr JaO H$m`? Ag{ AZ{H$ C[pWV H{$b{ OmVmV. m gd mM{ EH$M Cma Amh{ . ^$m Z m `m `m g H w $ oMV ddmM{ Xm ] ` AmoU Am_d$[mMr gdeo$_mZVm MrVrbm `{V{ AmoU h{ Am_$[, jw gHw$oMV "dV:'[{jm "Ah'[{jm oZoV[U{ d{Ji{ Amh{, gm_m`dmZ Amh{ [yU Amh{ Ag{ MrVrg `{V{ hUyZM V{ Ba d Ba d Ba{N>{`m ApVdmMm Xmdm H$aVmV. [aVw H{$di `mdaM odmg R>{d`mMr AmoU `m]b h{H$m Ya`mMr AoO]mV Amd`H$Vm Zmhr. d$ H$maU AgmM AZw^d Xwgam EH$mXm gmYH$ oZdmU, g_mYr, ey`mdWm dJa{ gkm dm[$Z _mSy> eH$Vm{. [aVw X{h]wr d Aod{_wi{M `m]m]V Aodmg dm AYodmg V`ma hm{Vm{ hr ]m] _m dmMH$mZr `mZm [Q>`mg bjmV `mdr. `mM_mU{ Imbrb _w{ V[mgyZ [mhmd{. Ba, "Bar BN>m' hr dUZmMr [V Amh{. Ba `mMm AW H$m[oZH$ qH$dm T>m{i ApVd Agb{br ]m] Zh{. Vg{M BN>m `mMm AW `m oR>H$mUr d`o$H$ BN>{gmaIr d{Jir BN>m Agm Zmhr. gd`m[r doH$ {aUm Agm Amh{. MmJb{ d dmBQ> hr _mZdr ]wrMr dJdmar Amh{. ^$mMm AZw^d, `mM{ ghZ{ && 214 && 215. H$m` bmIm|Zm OrdZe$s X{V AgV{, AmZXmMm gmjmH$ma X{V AgV{ hUyZ ^$, Ba AmoU BamMr BN>m ew^ d ew^H$maH$ Ag`mM{ Z{h_r hQ>b{ OmV{. dmVdmV H$mhrhr "MmJb{' AJa "dmBQ>' Zmhr. gHw$oMV, Vm_gr, AodmO` Ag{ gma{ hrZ- XrZ-[amYrZ ]ZdV{ hUyZ d Aem dmr d H$VtZr "dmBQ>' qH$dm "[m[' hUVmV AmoU AgHw$oMV, `o$_dmVrV, odemb Ag{ gma{ _w$, AmZXr, g_W ]ZdV{ hUyZ Aem dmr d H$VtZm "MmJb{' dm "[w`' hUVmV. Bamda odmg Z R>{d`mZ{ Eadr `m`m MrVrMm `Z hm{V Zmhr, EdT>{M _hd odmgmbm Amh{. H$maU odmgm`m A^mdr BamMm dm g`mMm em{Y d MrVr K{`mgmR>r `Z H$aUma{ `dhmamV $maM $oMV AmT>iVmV. `m_wi{ ]hg` bm{H$ `m Cm_ gYrbm _wH$VmV d X{h]wr`m [amYrZV{V oIV[V amhVmV. dV:M{M gm_`, _hmZVm, gmX` d AmZXmbm _wH$VmV. Ba d Ba{N>m h{ Ad`o$H$ (`o$dmVrV) doH$ dmVd Amh{. d`o$H$ `e dm [am^d Ba{N>{`m _mWr _maV ]gU{ h{ AkmZ Amh{. H$maU `e d A[`e mM _wimV AodmO` gH$[Zm Amh{V. d`o$H$ `emgmR>r Bamda odmg R>{dU{ qH$dm `mMr [yOm H$aU{ hUO{ AodmO` ]mdiQ> AOmJi[Um Amh{. CbQ> g`mMm em{Y K{VmZm `{Um`m MrVr_`{ d`o$H$ Q>m g_o[V hm{U{ h{M Ia{ VwP{ d ^$mM{ `e Amh{. hUyZ Vwbm O`V: hUVmV. Z{h_r odO`r AgUm`m Vwbm Vw`m ^$mZm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 799) gdodm`r $& gdodmo`Z{ Z_: $& Vy gdmda odO` o_idUmam Amh{g. kmZr, [oS>V, `m{Jr, ^$ Vg{M Xw>, Mm{a, Jwh{Jma, T>m|Jr, ZmpVH$ `m gdmM{ gHw$oMV `o$d $mSy>Z Q>mHy$Z AmoU d{Ji{[UmM{ gd AS>ga $m{Sy>Z Q>mHy$Z Vy `mZm EH$s`m ^mdZ{Z{ dV:_`{ gm_mdyZ K{Vm{g. `mbm Hw$Urhr A[dmX Zmhr. dkmoZH$ g` OmUUm`m`m OrdZmV Agm _ybJm_r $aH$ [S>{bM Ag{ Zmhr. [aVw Vy V{ g` Amh{g O{ dkmoZH$ g` Z ZmH$maVm dkmoZH$ g`mbm AV`m_r`m H$mVrM{ odH$`mUH$mar [na_mU X{V{. EH$m H$ma{ [mhVm VwPr MrVr, h{ ^mdZm, dmgZm, odMma AmoU H$bm, ^$s, odkmZ B`mXtM{ gdm} d g[yU [naUV d$[ Amh{. Vwbm odZ_ dXZ Agm{. gwdUo]Xwajm{`: gddmJrda{da: $& _hmXm{ _hmJVm} _hm^yVm{ _hmoZoY: $& 800) gwdUo]Xw: $& gwdUo]Xd{ Z_: $& gm{`m_mU{ V{Odr d A_y` Aer AJm{[mJ{ AgUmam. odmM{ A`V V{Odr Ag{, od C[ d oZ`oV H$aUma{ gwdU]rO, gwdUJ^ Vy Amh{g. EH$m >rZ{ ghZ{ && 215 && 216. [moh`mg gy`_mb{M{ H|$ gy` hm gwdUq]Xy Amh{ d `m[H$V{Z{ [moh`mg `mhZhr AZV[Q> V{Odr Agm Vy odmM{ H|$ d odoZ`Vm gwdUq]Xw Amh{g. Vw`m MrVrZ{ H$mhr `m{Jr-^$mZm oXgUmam oX` H$mehr VyM Amh{g. (H$me oXgU{ h{ Vw`m MrVrM{ Amd`H$ bjU Amh{ Ag{ Zh{). Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 801) Ajm{`: $& Ajm{`m` Z_: $& `mMm jm{^ hm{V Zmhr d Om{ AdW hm{V Zmhr Agm. odmVrb ApVdm`m d OmoUd{`m gd Vamdarb KS>m_m{S>r `m`m_`{ gm_mdb{`m Amh{V Agm Ag`m_wi{ odmVrb H$m{UVmhr C[mV pW`VamVrV d H$mimVrV Aem Vwbm AdW H$$ eH$V Zmhr. `$s O{hm `o$dey` hm{V{ V{hm Vr pWVk hm{V{. ^$ dV:Mm amhmV Zmhr V{hm goXmZX_` hm{Vm{. Aem AdW{V`m `$s_`{hr H$m{U`mhr jwH$ H$maUmZ{ jm{^ qH$dm odMobVVm oZ_mU hm{V Zmhr. dV:`m H$[{Z{ dV:Mr MrVr X{D$Z ^$mZm dV:`m odgH$[mV odbrZ H$aUm`m d gdQ>m [na[yU d jm{^mVrV ]ZdUm`m Vwbm gmXa Um_ Agm{V. 802) gddmJra{a: $& gddmJra{am` Z_: $& Mma dmUtMm Ba Agb{`m AV:H$aUmMm Ba. ApVdm`m AVrV Agm Vy ^$mZm O{hm MrVr X{Vm{g V{hm `mMr dmMm mgmoXH$ hm{V{. V{ dmM{M{ Ba hQ>b{ OmVmV. Aem dmM{`m BamMm Ba hUyZ Vwbm gddmJra{a: hUVmV. ^$mZm dmM{M{ Ba ]ZdUmam d [amdmUr`m $[mZ{ ^$m_`{ d{f H$aUm`m Vwbm odZ_ dXZ Agm{. 803) _hmX: $& _hmXm` Z_: $& _m{R>{ Im{b Obme` qH$dm _m{R>m S>m{h. gma{ od H$[mVr`m d{ir `m WmZr amhV{ V{ gd `m[Uma{ Obme` Vy Amh{g. Vg{M `m g_mYr AdWm$[r Obme`mV Sw>]Umam AV]m ew d AmZXr hm{Vm{ Ag{ goXmZX_` g_mYr$[r Obme` Vy Amh{g. m Obme`mMm Vi bmJy eH$V Zmhr hUyZ Vwbm _hmX: hUO{ Im{b Obme` hUVmV. A` Q>m _m`m hr XwWS>r ^$Z dmhUm`m ZXr`m $[H$mZ{ dUZ H{$br OmV{. _m`m hr Vw`m[mgyZd{Jir Zg`m_wi{ Vwbmhr Aer ZXr S>m{h (_hmX:) hUU{ Ag`wo$H$ Zmhr. Vwbm ^md[yU oU[mV Agm{V. 804) _hmJV: $& _hmJVm` Z_: $& _m{R>r Xar. odda. aW B`mXr. `mMm AmoX d AV bmJV Zmhr Ag{ g[yU od ghZ{ && 216 && 217. em{fyZ K{Uma{ d H$mi AmoU OmoUdm`m VamZmhr em{fyZ K{Uma{ _hmodda Vy Amh{g. IJm{bemm`m A`mgH$mZr dUZ H{$b{br [U AOyZ [yU[U{ _mZdmbm Z g_Ob{br H$U odda{ hUO{ VwP{ gmY{ d N>m{Q>{g{ $[ hm{`. Xwg`m AWmZ{ [moh`mg H$`mUm`m _mJmZ{ odmbm AmoU ^$mZm Z{Umam _hmaW Vy Amh{g. Vwbm godZ` Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 805) _hm^yV: $& _hm^yVm` Z_: $& C[mr, pWVr AmoU b` h{ gma{ H$mhr `m`m R>m`r KS>V{ d `m_wi{ [M_hm^yV{ X{Irb `m`m[mgyZ C[ hm{VmV, V{ m gdmM{ _hmH$maU hUyZ Am{iIb{ OmUma{ _hm^yV VyM Amh{g. Vwbm H$Vk XS>dV Agm{V. 806) _hmoZoY: $& _hmoZY`{ Z_: $& _m{R>m IoOZm. _m`dmZ Ag{ gd H$mhr `m_`{ gm_mdb{b{ Amh{ Ag{ od Vw`m_`{ Amh{ d Vw`m AYrZ Amh{ Vg{M Vw`m H$[{Z{, Vw`m mrM{, AOam_a oMaVZ d^d o_iV{ hUyZ Vwbm _hmoZoY: hUVmV. Vwbm Z_ Um_ Agm{V. Hw$_wX: Hw$Xa: Hw$X: [O`: [mdZm{@oZb: $& A_Vmem{{@_Vd[w: gdk: gdVm{_wI: $&& 807) Hw$_X: $& Hw$_wXm` Z_: $& AmZX X{Umam d m H$aUmam. Vw`m_wi{ gd od MV`mZ ^$Z OmV{ d AmZXr ]ZV{, Vg{M `m doH$ brb{VyZ Vyhr emV AmZX C[^m{JVm{g Agm ^$mMm AZw^d Amh|. OrdZ, OmoUdm AmoU goXmZXmZw^yVr X{Um`m Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 808) Hw$Xa: $& Hw$Xam` Z_: $& [dr [naYmZ H$aUmam, qH$dm [dr $mS>Umam, Hw$Xr`m H$`m_mU{ [mnaVm{ofH{$ X{Umam. `mMm _oVVmW g[yU Aodm-_m`m dV:^m{dVr b[{Qy>Z K{D$Zhr amhUmam [aVw Vg{M ^$mMr Aodm $mSy>Z Q>mHy$Z `mZm Am_kmZmM{ OUw dJu` Hw$XH$`m_mU{ oMaVZ AmZXXm`r [naVm{ofH$ X{Umam. Vw`m [m`mer AmXa[ydH$ XS>dV Agm{V. 809) Hw$X: $& Hw$Xm` Z_: $& Hw$_ = [dr X = XmZ X{Umam. Vg{M Hw$ = [drM{ amO{ d X = R>ma _maU{. Hw$X = Hw$XrMr w$b{. Xw> amOmMm Zme H$$Z [dr H$m`[ F$ftZm XmZ X{Umam [aewam_. _oVVmW Agm H$s OS>]woO` A`m`mVyZ g>rbm _w$ d g H$aUmam. g[yU OS> ghZ{ && 217 && 218. ApVdmbm ([drbm) aOm{JwUm`m ^mdm[mgyZ dmMdUmam AmoU Am_kmZmH$S>{ Z{Umam Vy Amh{g. Hw$XH$`m_mU{ oMaVZ g Aem Vwbm Z_ Z_Z Agm{. 810) [O`: $& [O`m` Z_: $& [mD$g. (F$VyMmhr oZ`Vm Ag`mZ{) [drda [mD$g [mS>Umam Vy Amh{g. Vg{M H$mimMm oZ`Vm Ag`mZ{ [drbm (odmbm) ]kmZmZ{ AV]m hmD$ KmbUmam Vy Amh{g. Vw`m m kmZm_Vm`m A_Vd>rH$S>{ MmVH$m_mU{ ZOa bmdUm`mM{ [a_H$`mU hm{V{. Vwbm gmXa dXZ Agm{. 811) [mdZ: $& [mdZm` Z_: $& [od H$aUmam. X{h]wr AhH$ma, Aodm d Vm` gHw$oMV `o$d Z> H$$Z ew Am_d$[mMm `` X{Umam, AV]m [od H$aUmam. Vw`m gVV _aUmV Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 812) AoZb: $& AoZbm` Z_: $& dm`y. Xwgam AW kmZr AdW{VyZ AkmZr AdW{V Z KgaUmam. g[yU odmVrb gOrd, oZOudmVrb hmbMmbtMm H$maH$ d oZ`Vm dm`w h{ VwP{M $[ Amh{. Vy H$YrM _m{h] Z hm{Umam (dm`whr AIS>, A`mhV H$m` H$aVm{) oMaVZ kmZr Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 813) A_Vme: $& A_Vmem` Z_: $& A_Vme: $& A_Vmem` Z_: $& A_V BN>m. BN>mMrhr BN>m Agm Vy A_a BN>m$[r Amh{g. qH$dm gma{ odM Vw`m BN>{V Amh{. d`o$H$ [mVirda, `mMr Amem H$aU{ h{ gmjmV A_V Amh{, Agm. A` gd Amem ]YZH$maH$ VwPr Amem A_a H$aUmar AgV{. `m_wi{ Vwbm A_Vme: qH$dm A_Vme: hUVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 814) A_Vd[w: $& A_Vd[wf{ Z_: $& eara A_a Agb{bm. `mM Aearar eara hUO{ MV`_` d kmZ_` Ag A_aVd Amh{ Agm. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 815) gdk: $& gdkm` Z_: $& gd OmUUmam. _`moXVmH$Sy>Z OmUbm Om`mMr dVw Zgb{bm d gdmV]m amhZ gd OmUUmam Agm EH$_{dmoVr` gdk Vy Amh{g. d`o$H$ [mVirda AZw^dodmMm H$maH$ oZ`Vm d kmVm VyM Amh{g. Vwbm godZ` Z_Z Agm{. ghZ{ && 218 && 219. 816) gdVm{_wI: $& gdVm{_wIm` Z_: $& gd _wI{ Agb{bm qH$dm gdVm{_wIr Agb{bm. Vw`m H$mbmVrV VabV_ d gd`m[r ApVdm_wi{ VwPr Aearar _wI{ gd Agb{bm Agm Vy Amh{g. gJwU$[m_`{ Vwbm [wH$i S>m{H$s d [wH$i hmV XmId`m_mJrb _yi gH{$V hmM Amh{. A` Q>m OJmVrb gd _wI{ Or AZw^yVr, C[`m{J, Ao^`$s `mMr H|${ Amh{V Vr Vw`m_wi{M H$m`aV Amh{V hUyZhr Vwbm gdVm{_wIr hUVmV. Vg{M Vw`m H$[{Z{ H$iV ZH$iV gd H$mhr Vw`m oMVrgmR>r, Vw`m ododY Zm_$[m`m _aUmV Vw`m oXe{Z{ `{V Ag`mZ{ Vy gd _wIm_`{ A`mhV[U{ d gdl> mYm`mZ{ { AgVm{g. eogV hm{V AgVm{g Agmhr AW g`wo$H$ Amh{. Vwbm AZ`^md{ dXZ Agm{. gwb^: gwdV: og: ewoON>wVm[Z: $& `Jm{Ym{Xw]am{@WMmUyYoZfyXZ: $&& 817) gwb^: $& gwb^m` Z_: $& ghO m hm{Umam. Aod{_wi{ m hm{`mg Oar A`V H$R>rU Agbm Var A`V oZH$Q> AJXr W{Q> X`mVM Am_$[mZ{ Ag`mZ{ Vw`m H$[{Z{ Aodm AhH$mamM{ Om{IS> {$H$VmM ^$mbm V yVmH$mi m hm{Vm{g. AhH$mam[m{Q>r Am`w`^a am]am] am]Um`mZm Oar H$Yr Xwb^ Agbmg Var Vw`m H$[{Z{ Vw`m ^$s_`{ aJUm`mbm d AhH$mamgH$Q> gdd oZ:eH$[U{ Vw`m MaUr A[U H$aUm`mbm `mZ{ H$m{UVrhr dUdU Z H$aVm X{Irb ghO m hm{Umam Vy Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 818) gwdV: & gwdVm` Z_: $& l{> dVmM{ AmMaU H$aUmam. g[yU MamMa odmVrb gd KS>m_m{S>r `Wm`m{` Vh{Z{ oMaVa Mmbd`mM{ _hmdV AZwgaUmam hUyZ gw d V :. `wJoZo_VrM{ dV AmMaUmam hUyZhr Vy gwdV: Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 819) og: $& ogm` Z_: $& gd gH$[mMr ogr Pmb{bm, BN>maohV, qH$dm `mM{ gd gH$[ VmH$mi og hm{VmV Agm. A` Q>m ], ^w^wjw, gmYH$ d og m AdWmMmhr H$maH$ d oZ`Vm Agm _hmog. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 219 && 220. 820) ewoOV $& ewoOV{ Z_: $& eyZm oOH$Umam. Vw`m doH$ H$m`m`m odam{YmV `{Um`m gdmZm qOH$Umam. gm_moOH$ d d`o$H$ [mVirda Am_kmZm`m _mJmVrb gd AS>Wi{ Aodm d Aodm_w$ `$s, e$s dJa{ `mZm `m H$ma{ d Hw$Um`mhr ma{ qOH$Umam hUyZ ewoOV. Vwbm AZ`^md{ oU[mV Agm{V. 821) ewVm[Z: $& ewVm[m` Z_: $& eyZm [m{iUmam. kmZgy` m Zm`mZ{ dV:M C[ H{$b{`m Aodm, _m`{bm Vm[ H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. gm_moOH$ d d`o$H$ [mVirdarb Aodm d AhH$mam_wi{ VwPm odMma X{Irb bm{H$mZm Ag hm{Vm{. d`o$H$V{V Jwa$Q>b{`m _mUgmbm Vw`m MrVrMm AZw^d A`V ^`mdh dmQ>Vm{ H$maU `mgmR>r Aod{Mm `mJ H$aU{ d gHw$oMV ddhr gm{Sy>Z JwUmVrV Aem Vw`m_`{M EH$$[ hm{U{ A`md`H$ AgV{. hOmam{ jU^Jya d Aodmgmh ]m]tda o]ZoX$V (AY) odmg R>{dUm`m [U I`m ddmda odmg Z R>{dUm`m d `mMm em{Y MrVrMm `Z Z H$aUm`m kmZm`m eyZm VwPm odMma Vm[Xm`H$ hm{Vm{. Vwbm gmXa Z_Z Agm{. 822) `Jm{Y: $& `JmYm` Z_: $& _m`{Z{ d{o>V Agb{bm. gd gOrd oZOudmM{ OmoUd{M{ od _mUgmZm gd ]mOyZr K{aV Ag`mZ{ `mZm Vy ``mbm `{V Zmhrg. `m_wi{ V{ Vwbm _m`{Z{ d{o>b{bm hUVmV. dmVodH$ Vy OmnUdm`m gd Vam`m AVrV, _m`{`m AVrV Amh{g. Vd$[r g_ag Pmb{b{ _m _m`{Mm H$Vm d oZ`Vm d gdm`Vm_r amhUmam hUyZ g`wo$H$V{Z{ Vwbm `Jm{Y: hUVmV. Vw`mMaUr AmXa[ydH$ dXZ Agm{. 823) CXw]a: $& CXw]am` Z_: $& gdm M { [m{ f U H$aUmam, VabV_ Aem AmH$mem`m AVrV AgUmam. gdg_md{eH$ MV`_` AmoU pW`VamVrV Ag`mZ{ Vy VabV_ Aem d AdH$mem`m AVrV AmoU gdmV`m_r amhZ MV`mZ{ `mM{ [m{fU H$aUmam Amh{g. gXmgdXm Vw`m _aUmV Vwbm oZaVa Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 824) AW: $& AWm` Z_: $& AdW dj. AW dj A`V [od _mZbm OmVm{. `mMr [yOm H{$br OmV{. `m_`{ Am`wd}oXH$ AmfYr JwUY_hr Amh{V. `m_wi{ AW djm`m $[H$mZ{ od$[r VwP{ dUZ H{$b{ OmV{. [aVw hm AW dj CbQ>m d odbjU AgVm{. `mMr ghZ{ && 220 && 221. _wi{ da AmoU $mm Imbr AgVmV. `mMm _oWVmW Vy OmoUd{`m A`w [mVirV CJ_ [mdyZ OmoUd{`m gd oZZ Vamda [gab{bm AgVm{g (emImodVma Imbr AgVm{.) Z{h_r MMb Aem Vw`m od$[mM{ `WmW dUZ H$a`mgmR>r _hmMS> Aem gd`m[r CbQ>m AW djmMr C[_m dm[abr OmV{. Vwbm AIS> dXZ Agm{. 825) MmUyamYoZfyXZ: $& MmUyamYoZfyXZm` Z_: $& MmUyamMm Zme H$aUmam lrH$U. `m gJwUmdVmamMm _oWVmW Agm H$s V_m{JwU aOm{JwU bm{H$mMr dmgZm d AhH$ma AmoU qhVm `mMr VmH$X oH$Vrhr MS> Agbr Var VwPr VmH$X `mgdmZm Zm_e{f H$aV{. ^$mZmhr Ag{ _hmZ gm_` X{Um`m Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. ghmoM: goO: gYm: gdmhZ: $& A_yoVaZKm{@oM`m{ ^`H$X ^`ZmeZ: $&& 826) ghmoM: $& ghmoMf{ Z_: $& hOmam{ oH$aUmMr ^m AgUmam. Vw`m YJYJ`m kmZV{Om`m kmZmr`m dmim odm_Yrb gd [mV`m MV`mZ{ d y$VuZ{ ^aVmV. Vw`m gJwU oV_m`m g^m{dVr oX` H$memM{ db` XmIdb{ OmV{. `mM{ H$maU h{M AgU{ amV Amh{. Vwbm gmXa Um_ Agm{V. 827) goO: $& goOm` Z_: $& gmV oO^m AgUmam. H$mbr, H$ambr, _Zm{Odm, gwbmohVm, gwYy_dUm, w$ooJZr d odMr m gmV C[^m{J K{Um`m d kmZ X{Um`m oO^m AgUmam (`kmVrb Ar AgVm{ Vgm) gw[yU od d`m[Umam oX` Ar Vy Amh{g. Vy doH$ ApVd V{OmZ{ ^aVm{g. d{J`m >rZ{ d`o$H$ [mVirdarb Xm{Z S>m{i{, Xm{Z H$mZ, Xm{Z ZmH$[wS>m d EH$ Or^ Aem (gmH${ oVH$ AWmZ) oO^m Agb{bm hUO{ C[^m{JmMr { AmoU gH$_mMr gmYZ{ Agb{bm earamVrb Ar Vy Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 828) gYm: $& gYg{ Z_: $& gmV V{Odr dmbm qH$dm go_Ym AgUmam Ar VyMAmh{g. `mMm _oWVmW Agm H$s od (gmV bm{H$mgh) dmhm H$aUmam qH$dm d`o$H$ [mVirda `m gmV YmVyZr eara (`o$d) ]ZV{ V{ gd ImUmam. _hmZ Ao$[r Vwbm gm>mJ bm{Q>mJU ghZ{ && 221 && 222. Agm{. 829) gdmhZ: $& gdmhZm` Z_: $& gmV Km{S>mM{ dmhZ Agb{bm g`. gy` hm V{O d H$memZ{ OrdZXm`r Amh{. Vy kmZe$s d kmZH$memZ{ gy`mgH$Q> gd H$mhr V{O, kmZe$s d MV`mZ{ ^aUmam Amh{g. Vw`m MaUmda oZaVa[U{ _VH$ amhm{. 830) A_yoV: $& A_yV`{ Z_: $& AmH$ma Zgb{bm, A_yV. gy_moVgy_ d gdd`m[r Ag{ A_a Aearar ApVd AgUmam Vy AmH$mahrZ Amh{g. A_yV Amh{g. VwP{ $[ Ag{ AqM` Ag`mZ{ Vw`mda odmg Z R>{dUma{, AYodmg R>{dUma{ d Vy Amh{g `mMr Imr Agb{b{ d Vw`m ApVdmodf`r H$m{U`mhr oZU`mV Z Amb{b{ Ag{ H$m{Q>dYr bm{H$ AmT>iVmV, hr Vw`m brb{MrM _hVr Amh{. Vw`mda odmg Z R>{dUma{ H$mhr H$maUmVd Ag{ H$aVmV. 1) `m`m JaOm _ybV: ^moVH$ AgVmV qH$dm `mZm `m Vem dmQ>VmV. 2) ^moVH$ JaOm ^mJd`mgmR>r AmYwoZH$ odkmZmV [wH$iM gm{` Amh{ d `m_wi{ Vw`mda odmg R>{d`mgmR>r H$m{UV{hr VH$gJV H$maU Zmhr. Vw`m oZH$Q>V{Mr `mZm JaO dmQ>V Zmhr. Vg{M gH$Q>mV "H$m[oZH$' Aem Vw`m X`{Mr- o^H{$Mr `mZm Amd`H$Vm dmQ>V Zmhr. `mE{dOr e$s-]wr-`w$s-[gm `mMm dm[a `mZm `m{` dmQ>Vm{. gmhoOH$M Om{[`V Vw`m H$[{Z{ A`mp_H$ JaOm (, Hw$Vwhb, oOkmgm, CH$R>m) C[ hm{V Zmhr d ^moVH$ JaOm`m [yVugmR>r VwPr JaO [S>V Zmhr qH$dm VwP{ ApVd VH$gJV dmQ>V Zmhr Vm{[`V V{ Vw`mda odmg R>{drV ZmhrV. [aVw Vw`mM H$[{Z{, H$Yr ggmambm odQy>Z dV:Mr Xw:pWVr, Xw]i{[Um, [amYrZVm, oVHy$b [napWVr `mZr Aghm` hm{D$Z [wH$i OU VwPr ^$s H$aVmV Va H$Yr gm_moOH$ H$`mUm`m dV:`m H$[Z{VyZ Va H$Yr oOkmg{[m{Q>r, H$mhrOU, VwPm V[, ^$s, `m{J, AZw>mZ AmXr _mJmZr em{Y K{VmV. bm{H$ H$em Vh{Z{ Vw`m _hd$[mbm m hm`M{ h{ e{dQ>r VyM R>adVm{g. `m_wi{ Vw`m mmZ{{ `$sMm d OJmMm bm^ H$m`? Vw`mda odmg R>{dmdm H$s R>{dy Z`{? VwPr ^$s H$amdr H$s H$$ Z`{? `mda Cma Ag{ H$s AmOMm H$mi Am_mmkmbm g`m`m (AV:W Vw`m) MrVrbm [m{fH$ Amh{. `$s d g_>r`m CWmZmbm AZwHy$b Amh{, h{ e`Vm{ `mZmV K{D$Z dV:er m_moUH$ amhZ OJU{, dmJU{ l{`H$a/o`H$a Amh{. A_yV Aem Vwbm gm>mJ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. ghZ{ && 222 && 223. 831) AZK: $& AZKm` Z_: $& Aodm_m`mO` dmgZm, ^mdZm, ]w r d H $ Vr_w i { Vw `m[mgy Z (dd$[m[mgyZ) Xya OmU{ h{ [m[. `m_wi{ dd$[r oMaVZ[U{ AgUmam Vy [yUV`m oZ[m[ Amh{g. VwP{ ^$hr Ag{M oZ[m[ AgVmV. Vwbm d Vw`m ^$mZm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 832) AoM`: $& AoM`m` Z_: $& oMVZ H$a`mg Ae` Agm. X{h]wr`m _`mXm_wi{ VwP{ X{h]moH$ qMVZ Ae` AgV{. V{ gm{[{ hmd{ hUyZ gJwUm{[mgZm Amh{. gJwU ^$sM{ ododY _Zm{ha d C[`w$ AmodH$ma Amh{V. Vw`mMaUr _VH$ amhm{. 833) ^`H$V $& ^`H$V{ Z_: $& ^` H$VoV BoV ^`H$V $& AWmV ^` C[ H$aUmam Vm{ ^`H$V. H$mbmVrV Ag`mZ{ ^rVr d _`y oOW{ Om`bm Km]aVmV Agm. gd gd{XZmO` ]m]r CXmhaUmW odMma, ^mdZm, dmgZm, ApVd AmoU `m]bMr Amg$s `m_wi{ oZamH$ma d oZJwU Aem Vw`m ApVdm`m OmoUd{Z{ d MmhbrZ{ d ode{fV: Vw`m [m`mer gd g_[U H$a`m`m H$[Z{Z{ VwPr MrVr Z Amb{`m`m OrdmMm WaH$m[ CS>Vm{. H$maU Vw`m d$[r ]mH$s gd ZgV{M [U EH$Q>{[Umhr ZgVm{ H$maU gHw$oMV ApVdhr g[`moedm` `$sbm Vd$[r d{e ZgVm{. A` >rZ{ [mhVm VwPr MrVr Amb{`m`m AV:H$aUmV ^` C[ hm{D$ eH$V Zmhr. ^`mbm `m AV:H$aUmV d{e H$a`mMr ^rVr dmQ>V{. AmUIr EH$m AWu [moh`mg Aod{Mmhr oZ_mVm `m Zm`mZ{ ^`mMmhr (Vg{M em{H$, qMVm dJa{ X{h]wrO` ^mdZmMm) oZ_mVm hUyZhr Vwbm ^`H$V hUO{ ^` C[ H$aUmam hUU{ g`wo$H$ Amh{. Vwbm gmXa Um_ Agm{V. 834) ^`ZmeZ: $& ^`ZmeZm` Z_: $& ^` Zme H$aUmam. AOam_a H$mbmVrb ApVdm_wi{ VwPr MrVr (Am_MrVr) `mbm Vy H$[miy[U{ X{Vm{g `mM{ ^` Z> hm{V{. H$maU _`y, AgwaojVVm, Xw:I `mM{ odMma Z> hm{VmV. Vw`m Zm__aUm_`{ d Vw`m MaUm`m AZwgYmZm_`{ Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. AUw]hH$e: Wybm{ JwU^oJwUm{ _hmZ $& AYV: dYV: dm`: mdem{ dedYZ: $&& ghZ{ && 223 && 224. 835) AUw:$& $AUd{ Z_: $& MamMamVrb ^yb^yV gy_oVgy_ H$Umbm AUw: hUVmV. Vy AUw Amh{g `mMm AW `{H$ MamMa [XmWmM{ _yi$[ X{Irb VwPmM AodH$ma Amh{. AUw hUO{ `{H$ [XmWm`m AmVrb gy_oVgy_ AmoU MS> e$sZ{ ^ab{bm Agm H$U `m`moedm` [XmWmbm ApVd d JwUY_ m hm{U{ e` Zmhr. gdmV`m_r Agb{`m Vw`m _aUmV Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 836) ]hV $& ]hV{ Z_: $& _m{R>m. drO, H$me, AdH$me, H$mi m EH$mhZ EH$ [XmWm_`{ EH$ _hdmMm JwUY_ AmT>iVm{. hm JwUY_ hUO{ V{ gy_hr AgVmV d odembhr AgVmV. H$mi Va gd`m[r Amh{. H$maU Vm{ MamMa od d AdH$me `m[Vm{. [U Vy H$mimbmhr `m[Umam hUyZ `mhZhr odemb Ajae: gd`m[r Amh{g. Vg{M A_a Ag`m_wi{ oQ>H$`m_`{hr Vy gdmV odemb Amh{g. Vwbm AIS> Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 837) H$e: $& H$em` Z_: $& ZmOwH$, oH$S>oH$S>rV. odmVrb ododY D$Om d `m`m bhatM{ AmH$ma_mZ (OmS>r) [mohbr Va OmUdV{ H$s hr odmMr oZ`H$ Vd{ OmS>rbm gy_ Amh{V. odwVbhar, H$mebhar, joH$aU, b{ga Aem EH$mhZ EH$ gw_ [U ^mdr bhat_`{ `m`mhr [{jm gy_V{Z{ Vy AgVm{g hUyZ Vwbm H$e: hQ>b{ Amh{. Vwbm odZ_ Z_Z Agm{. 838) Wyb: $& Wybm` Z_: $& AoVe` b> Agm. odm`m oZ`H$ e$s Oer $[{ Amh{V `mM_mU{ Vy gd gm_mdUmam d odm_H$ Ag`m_wi{ _m{R>mb{ [dV, Jh, Vma{ Aem _m{R>m oZ`oV (Wyb) ]m]t_`{hr Vy Amh{g. V{hr VwP{M AmodH$ma Amh{V. hUyZ Vwbm Wy b : hQ>b{ Amh{. Vw`m MaUr gm>mJ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 839) JwU^V $& JwU^V{ Z_: $& oJwUmMm H$Vm. oJwUm_H$. JwUmVrV AgyZhr gd, aO d V_ `m VrZ JwUm`mma{ Vy JwUdoeQ>mgh MamMam_`{ JQ> hm{Vm{g d VwPr brbm KS>dVm{g hUyZ Vwbm JwU^V hUVmV. `{H$ H$Um-JwUmVwZ VwP{ ApVd JQ> hm{V{ `m OmoUd{V Vwbm odZ_ oU[mV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 224 && 225. 840) oZJwU: $& oZJwUm` Z_: $& JwUmVrV, JwUdoeQ>{ Zgb{bm. JwUdoeQ> $$ O{ O_b{ d _{b{ `mbm (pW`VnaV hm{D$ eH$Um`mbm) AgV{. X{h]wrbm O{ OmUdy eH$V{ Aem $bd$[ ]m]rZm AgV{. Vg{M OmUdm`m`m dVybm AgV{. Vy [na_mUmVrV, pW`VamVrV, emdV, Ad`o$H$, MamMamVrV, A_a, kmVm d oZ`H$ Ag`mZ{ Vwbm JwUdoeQ>{ ZmhrV. Vwbm Z_ Z_Z Agm{. 841) _hmZ $& _hV{ Z_: $& _hmZ. Vy gdVm{[ar _hmZ Amh{g AmoU Vx[ Pmb{b{ ^$ _hmZ odgH$VrM{ _hmZ AmYmaV^ d _hmZ Xr[V^ Amh{V. Vwbm d Vw`m ^$mZm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 842) AYV: $& AYVm` Z_: $& H$m{U`mhr H$ma`m AmYmamMr JaO d H$m{UVmhr AmYma Zgb{bm. (oZamYma hUO{ AmYmamMr JaO AgyZ AmYma Zgb{bm. AYV: hUO{ Agm oZamYma Zh{.) g[yU MamMamMm oZ_mVm oZ`Vm d AmYma Ag`mZ{ Vwbm Hw$UmMmhr, H$m{UVmhr AmYma Zmhr d Agy eH$V Zmhr. A` >rZ{ [mhVm H$mbmVrV d VabV_ Ag`mZ{ Vwbm AmYma X{`mMr H$[ZmM oZaWH$ R>aV{. AmUIr EH$m H$ma{ [moh`mg Vy H$m{U`mhr VH$gJV odMmam_`{ _mdV Zmhrg d ]wrbm J` Zmhrg `m_wi{ Vwbm AmYma ([wamdm) Zmhr. Vy d`og Amh{g. Vwbm AIS> Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 843) dYV: $& dYVm` Z_: $& dV:M dV:Mm AmYma Agb{bm. A` Hw$UmMm AmYma Zgb{bm hUyZ Vy dV:M dV:Mm AmYma Agb{bm, d`^y d d`[yU Amh{g. VwP{ ^$hr Vw`m gmaI{M AgVmV. Vwbm d Vw`m ^$mZm H$Vk oU[mV Agm{V. 844) dm`: $& dm`m` Z_: $& A`V gwXa, AmH$fH$ M{ham Agb{bm. AmH$me h{ "Z{' d "Am|H$ma' Ag`mZ{ _wImVyZ d{X ]mh{a [S>`mZ{ VwPm gd`m[r AOam_a MV`Xm`r M{ham A`V gwXa oXgVm{. d{Xm_`{ Vw`m m gmX`mMm AmodH$ma oXgVm{. gJwU $[m_`{ `mMm M{ham AoVe` AmH$fH$ AgVm{ (H$maU _yoVH$mam`m qH$dm oMH$mam`mM Zh{ Va ^$m`m S>m{`mZr `m`mda dV:`m Ordm[mS> ^$s H{$b{br AgV{.) Vw`mMaUr oZaVa dXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 225 && 226. 845) mde: $& mdem` Z_: $& [waVZ de Agb{bm. `km`m WmZm`m [yd}bm ]kmZr oZ_oVmgmR>r Agb{b{ _mZmM{ [od WmZ. MamMamMm (d `$sMmhr) Jm^m, Iam d, ]rO$[r Am_m ApVdm`m d{J`m Vamda [na_mUmVrV AdW{V AZmoX H$mbm[mgyZ AZV H$mi[`V amhVm{. Vwbm mde hUVmV H$maU VwP{ (Am_$[r) _yihr AZmoX Amh{. MamMamMr Vw`m_`{ g_o[V hm{`mMr oH$`m (`k) Agm{ H$s `$sMr `o$d{ Vw`m_`{ g_o[V H$a`mMr oH$`m (`k) Agm{, `mMm gmjr VyMAmh{V. hUyZ VwP{ h{ d$[ qMoV`mgmR>r mde: hUU{ g`wo$H$ Amh{. Vw`m [m`mer oMaVZ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 846) dedYZ: $& dedYZm` Z_: $& de dmT>dUmam. odoH$`m$[r dV:Mm de AIoS>V[U{ A`mhV[U{ Mmby R>{dUmam, dV:Mr MrVr X{D$Z ^$mZm A_a H$$Z `mMm (Am_km`mMm) de ([a[am) dmT>dUmam d Aod{Z{ JV Agb{`mM{ gHw$oMV ApVd g[yZ `mMm de (`mMr [a[am) Vm{Sy>Z Q>mH$Umam Vy Amh{g. VroZa[{j, `m` H$[m H$aUmam d Vr drH$ma`mM{ ehmU[Uhr X{Um`m Vwbm gmXa Z_Z Agm{. ^ma^V H$oWVm{ `m{Jr `m{Jre: gdH$m_X: $& Aml_: l_U: jm_: gw[Um} dm`wdmhZ: $&& 847) ^ma^V $& ^ma^V{ Z_: $& ^ma dmhZ Z{Umam. MamMamMm H$mbmVrV d oZ`Vm AmYma Ag`mZ{ Vwbm odmMm ^ma, (odmV]m amhZ) dmhUmam (^ma^yV) hUVmV. Vw`m e{fem`rAZV `m gJwUe $[mMm hm A`V _hdmMm AZ`mW Amh{. Vwbm AZ`^md{ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 848) H$oWV: $& H$oWVm` Z_: $& dUZ H{$bm J{b{bm d OmUmam. odmVrb obohb{, qMoVb{ dm ]m{bb{ J{b{b{ gd g`mMr VwVr H$aUma{ eX `j dm A`j[U{ VwPrM H$Wm AgV{. ^$mZm `mM H$maUmZ{ `{H$ eXmV VwP{ ApVd oXgV{. `mM_mU{ OJmVrb gd g`mM{ [wOmar `m g`mMr _hVr JmVmV V{ VyM Amh{g. gd XeZemmM{, _hmH$m`mM{, Vm{mM{, ^OZmM{, bm{H$mM{, Am{`mM{, A^JmM{ AmoU dMmnaH$ d dkmoZH$ JWmM{ gma Vy Amh{g. b` Vy Amh{g. H$WZmMm odf` d Vd Vy Amh{g. `mMm h{Vy, gm`, ghZ{ && 226 && 227. Co> Vy (VwPr mr) Amh{g. Vw`m MaUr ^md[yU oU[mV Agm{V. 849) `m{Jr $& `m{oJZ{ Z_: $& _m`m_m{hmVrV Am_$[mH$ma AgUmam. _ZmMm, gHw$oMV ApVdmMm [yU b` Pmb{bm. g[yU odoH$`{Mm oZ`Vm AgyZhr Am_d$[r AT>i[U{ amhUmam d d`o$H$ [mVirda [mhVm X{h]wr, AhH$ma, _Z, oMm (AWmV g[yU gHw$oMV ApVdM) Zmhrg{ Pmb{bm pWVk `m{Jr Vy Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 850) `m{Jre: $& `m{Jrem` Z_: $& `m{`mMm Ba, gdl{> `m{Jr. [ma[naH$ Q>m oed-e$s, b_r-Zmam`U, [wfH$Vr `m $[mV [yoObm OmUmam od`m[r H$mbmVrV [wf d VwPr _m`m h{ Z{h_rM [a[am_`{ Ao^V{Z{ AgVmV. `m{J hUO{M EH$d [mdU{. H$Vr `m`mer EH$$[ Pmbr Agm Vy Ag`mZ{ Vy AOam_a H$mbmVrV d H$m`_Mm `m{Jr Amh{g. `m{JmM{ gmYH$ `mM d$[mM{ `mZ H$aVmV, `mM d$[mda _Z H|$oV H$aVmV, mUYmaUm `mM d$[r EH$$[ hm{`mgmR>r H$aVmV hUyZ Vwbm `m{`mMm Ba hUVmV. `mM_mU{ `m{Jod{Mm H$Vm H$aodVm, `m{JmMr BN>m oZ_mU `m{`m`m _ZmV oZ_mU H$aUmam AmoU AoV_V: ]m[mgyZ ogm[`V Agm gmYH$mMm dmg `edr H$aUmam hUyZhr Vwbm `m{Jre: hUVmV. Vg{M ^o$`m{J, H$_`m{J, kmZ`m{J d amO`m{J `mMm gdm} XmeoZH$ (lrH$U) hUyZhr Vwbm `m{Jre: hUVmV. `m{JmM{ ododY H$`mUH$mar _mJ XmIodUma{ `m{`mM{ _wHw$Q>_Ur X{Irb VwP{M AdVma Ag`mZ{hr Vwbm `m{Jre: hUVmV. Vwbm oZaVa Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 851) gdH$m_X: $& gdH$m_Xm` Z_: $& gd BN>mMr [yVu H$aUmam, gd BN>m g[dUmam. Am_kmZm`m oXe{Z{ oZaVa[U{ odmbm Z{Umam, Vx[V{Mr BN>m X{Umam AmoU Vr BN>m ododY H$ma{ _mJXeZ H$$Z [yU H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. `mM_mU{ ^$mZm Am_$[ ]ZdyZ gd (jw) BN>m _m$Z Q>mH$Umamhr VyM Amh{g. [aVw `m oH$`{_`{ H$mhr BN>mMr [yVu H$aUmam d ^$mZm gm^miyZ Am_kmZmH$S>{ Z{Umamhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 852) Aml_: $& Aml_m` Z_: $& odlm o VWmZ. H$mbmVrV AmoU OmoUd{ `m AVrV Aem Vw `m[` V (X{h]wrO`) Xw:IX OmoUdm [m{MV ZmhrV. `m_wi{ Ad`o$H$ ]Zb{`m Vw`m gd ^$mZmhr Vw`m oR>H$mUr oMaVZ emVVm o_iV{. hUyZ Vy [od Ag{ ghZ{ && 227 && 228. odlmoVWmZ, Aml_ Amh{g. OrdZm_`{ ]M`, $JhW, dmZW d g`mg `m Mma Aml_mMm h{Vy VwPr mr hmM Amh{ d AMwH$V{Z{ g_[U dmrZ{ d oZdmW[U{ `mM{ [mbZ H$aUmam Vd$[ ]ZVm{ hUyZ `m Aml_m_`{hr ^$ VwPm AmodH$ma [mhVmV. `m_wi{ `m H$maUmVdhr Vwbm Aml_: hUU{ gw`m{` Amh{. Vw`m MaUr _Z:[ydH$ Z_Z Agm{. 853) l_U: $& l_Um` Z_: $& l_ qH$dm H$> X{Umam, g`mgr, o^H$mar (mg, l_, H$> K{Umam) g[yU odoZo_VrMr brbm H$aUmam AmoU `mM]am{]a _`moXV OmoUdm, AhH$ma, Amem, Amg$s `mMrhr _m`m aMUmam VyM Amh{g. m _m`{_`{ AS>H$b{`mZm Vm[ X{Umamhr VyM Amh{g AmoU V{ Vm[ ^m{JUmamhr Vy Amh{g [aVw `mZm h{ MrVrg Amb{ Zg`mZ{ `mMm gHw$oMV "d'M Vm[ ^m{JVm{ Ag{ `mZm dmQ>V{. dmVodH$ V{ ^m_H$ Vm[ X{Umam d K{Umam AmoU XmZ X{Umam d ^m_H$Vm OmUyZ V{ K{Umam Ag`mZ{ Vwbm XmVmhr hUVmV d o^H$mar (l_U: mg K{Umamhr hUVmV. AJmY brb{_`{ a__mU l_U:) l_U: Aem [aVw Varhr [yU[U{ g`V Agb{`m Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 854) jm_: $& jm_m` Z_: $& A`V jrU, ZmOwH$, Xw]im dJa{. gdH$mhr b`H$mbr em{fU H$aUmam Vg{M d`o$H$ [mVirda [mhVm gd dmgZm BN>m Z> H$aUmam, d`o$H$ gHw$oMV Am`w`M Z> H$aUam d Am_$[m_`{ odbrZ H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. VwP{ d$[ JwUdoeQ>mZr ^ab{b{ Zg`mZ{ Vwbm jrU hQ>b{ Amh{. VwP{ ^$hr C[mYrgohV hm{VmV Ah^mdew` (jrU) hm{VmV. H$[miy Aem Vw`m MaUr _VH$ amhm{. 855) gw[U: $& gw[Um` Z_: $& AW dj. `mMm C[`m{J Ba (_yi) d `mMr _m`m ($mm, [mZ dJa{) `mM{ dUZ H$a`mgmR>r H$aVmV. Vy AmoU VwPr _m`m AVyQ>V{Z{ AIS>V{Z{ Ag`mZ{ (d V{ [> H$a`mgmR>r) Vwbm gw[U:, Cm_ [mZ{ Agb{bm (AW ) dj hUVmV. d{J`m >rZ{ [moh`mg `$s`m ApVdmMm d OmoUd{Mm Jm^m _|Xy (_yi) AmoU _mmamy (_|Xy[mgyZ CbQ> J{b{b{ Im{S> AmoU `m`m Ag` eara^a [gab{`m ZmS>m ($mm) Agm `$sbm `$sM ApVd X{Umam (AW) dj Vy Amh{g. hUyZM oOWyZ gdXZm _|X[`V [m{MVmV oVWyZ CbQ>{ dib{ d e{dQ>r _|X_`{ H|$WmZr { y w pWa Pmb{ H$s gd d`o$H$V{VyZ gmYH$, ^$, `m{Jr _w$ hm{Vm{. AW djm`m _wimV OmD$Z ZVa Vm{ H$m[yZ Q>mH$U{ doH$ d d`o$H$ [mVirdarb Aodm _m`m ghZ{ && 228 && 229. Z> H$aU{ `mMm hm X{Irb AW Amh{. g[yU od_`, _wo$_`, _wo$XmVm d _w$s K{Umam h{ gd H$mhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 856) dm`wdmhZ: $& dm`wdmhZm` Z_: $& dm`ybm dmhZ Z{Umam. dm`yM{ dhZ H$aUmam. Vy gy_moVgy_ Ag`mZ{ d VabV_ Ag`mZ{ odmVrb d earamVrb gd hmbMmbtMm H$maH$ Om{ dm`y `m dm`yMm oZ`Vm Amh{g. Vg{M dm`yM{ dmhU{ Vw`m AVJVM hm{V{ H$maU Vy gdg_md{eH$ Amh{g. `m Xm{hr H$maUmgmR>r Vwbm dm`wdmhZ: hUVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ Um_ Agm{V. YZwYam{ YZwd}Xm{ CS>m{ X_o`Vm X_: $& A[amoOV: gdghm{ oZ`Vm oZ`_m{ `_: $&& 857) YZwYa: $& YZwYam` Z_: $& am_. Xwgam AW Ba^$. YZwYmar am_ h{ VwPm gJwU AdVma. _wS>H{$[oZfXmVrb dUZm_`{ Am|H$mam`m YZw`mZ{ gH$m`, g^$s, gqVZ, A`mg `mM{ ]mU AMyH$[U{ _m$Z dV:M{ gHw$oMV ApVd Z> H$aUmam [a_og ^$ VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gmXa Z_Z Agm{. 858) YZwd}X: $& YZwd}Xm` Z_: $& $T>mWmZ{ YZwodm. VmpdH$ Q>m gHw$oMVVm AMyH$[U{ d g[yU[U{ g[d`mM{ gdl{> AZw^dog MrVr$[ d MrVrXm`r em. Vwbm AIS> Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 859) XS>: $& XS>m` Z_: $& oejm, oejm X{Umam, Y_bjU Aem Y_dO{Mm AmYma. [m`m`m W|]mMr qH$dm Xdq]XyMr `m_mU{ _mi Jw$Vm `{V Zmhr `mM_mU{ eXmZr VwP{ dUZ H$aVm `{V Zmhr. [aVw `m eXmMm Ame` g_OmdyZ K{V amohb{ H$s g_O`mg e` Zmhr Aem Ame`mVrV Agb{`m Vw`m AZw^yVrMr mr hm{V{. Vw`m ghZm_m`m [naerbZmM{, _aUmM{ Co> d _hd h{M Amh{. Y_bjUmMm AmYma hUyZ, Y_bjU Aem emgZH$`mMm (XS> X{Um`mMm) AmYma hUyZ qH$dm Y_bjU Aem emgZoH$`{Mm (XS>mMm) AmYma hUyZ, g[yU Y_mMm AmoU Y_m`m gm_moOH$ AmodH$mamMm _yb^yV _ybmYma Vy Amh{g hm _oWVmW. Vwbm AmXa[ydH$ XS>dV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 229 && 230. 860) X_o`Vm $& X_o`{ Z_: $& emgH$, oZ`Vm. MamMamMm oZ`Vm. g_mOmMm oZ`Vm d d`o$H$ OrdZmMmhr oZ`Vm. _Zy`m _Vr[{jm [`m`r Am_kmZO` d `m` g_mO[Vr _VrM{ [mR>ramI{, odam{YH$ dm A` odMmadV `m[H$s Hw$Urhr OJmbm oXbr Zmhr. `m >rZ{ `{H$ `wJmbm AZw$[ OrdZ[Vr X{Umam _Zw hUyZ Vwbm X_o`Vm hQ>b{ Agmd{. [aVw AmO _Zw_Vr AmY`m VWmH$oWV Y_oZ>{Z{/gH$Vr`m Ap_V{Z{ _mU _mZU{ qH$dm ]{^mZ gyS>^mdZ{Z{, od{fmZ{ [m`Xir VwS>dU{, oY:H$maU{ qH$dm _Zy`m H$mimMm hdmbm X{D$Z gaYm{[Q>[U{ `m H$mir Vr gw`m{` hm{Vr qH$dm ZhVr modf`r Xmd{ H$aU{ A`m{` Amh{. _ZyM{ _y`_m[Z dVwoZ> d g`oZ> [VrZ{ H{$`mg _ZyMr J$bV qH$dm Xm{m, `mMm _mZdOmVrdarb ^md, _Zw_VrVrb A_mZwfVm, `mM]am{]a oV`mVrb [hUr` _yi Co>{ AmoU [`m`r g`oZ> `dW{Mr Vrd JaO `mZmV `{VmV. Vw`mMaUr gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 861) X_: $& X_m` Z_: $& oejm, oZ`U, emgZ. Am_kmZmoYo>V Ad`o$H$ od`m`mZwgmar emgZmMm Am U{Vm d VXZw$[ gm_moOH$ XS>odYmZmMm U{Vm, `j XS>odYmZ d `mMr A_b]OmdUr h{ gma{ VyM Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 862) A[amoOV: $& A[amoOVm` Z_: $& H$Yrhr [am^yV Z hm{Umam. H$m{UmMmhr H$m{UVmhr ^md Z hm{Umam MamMamMm oZ`Vm Vy Amh{g hUyZ Vy A[amoOV Amh{g. Vg{M Vw`m d{Jir A` H$m{UVrhr dVyM Zmhr `m_wi{ Vw`mda Hw$Ur odO` o_id`mMm M C[pWV hm{V Zmhr. VwP{ ^$hr Vz[ AgVmV `m`mda (`m`m I`m "d'da earamda Zh{) Hw$Urhr H$Yrhr odO` o_idy eH$V Zmhr. Vw`mMaUr odZ_ Z_Z Agm{. 863) gdgh: $& gdghm` Z_: $& gd ghZ H$aUmam. gd doH$ C[mV Vw`m R>m`r KS>V AgVmZm VwPrM hr brbm dW[U{, H$mbmVrVV{Z{ AoO]mV odMobV Z hm{Vm [mhUmam pWVrk brbmYa Vy Amh{g. (ghZ H$aUmam hUO{ Aghm`[U{ Xw:I, `mYr ghZ H$aUmam Agm Zh{) Vwbm AIS> dXZ Agm{. 864) oZ`Vm $& oZ`{ Z_: $& AoZ`Vm $& AoZ`{ Z_: $& Xm{hr Vh{Z{ h{ Zmd K{VmV. oZ`Vm d AoZ`Vm hUO{ AZwH$_{ oZ`U H$aUmam ghZ{ && 230 && 231. d ($T>mWmZ{) oZ`U Z H$aUmam Ag{ Xm{Zhr AW g_[H$ Amh{V. gm`m odmMm oZ`Vm Vy Amh{g h{ Ia{M [aVw oZ`oV H{$b{ J{b{b{ d oZ`U oH$`m Xm{hrhr Vw`m[mgyZ d{J`m ZmhrV. Vy oZ`Vm, oZ`oV d oZ`U h{ oVhr EH$oV Agb{bm Agm Amh{g `m_wi{ AmoU Vy gmjrdmZ{ Ag`mZ{, $T>mWmZ{ Vy oZ`U H$aUmam Zmhrg. VwP{ oZ`Vm-AoZ`Vm-gmjrd odfX H$a`mgmR>r AdH$memM{ CXmhaU K{Vm `{Bb. EH$mXr JmS>r MmbV{ V{hm oVMm oZ`U H$Vm JmS>rMm MmbH$ g_Obm OmVm{. H$mhrOU JmS>rM{ BoOZ, BYZ, aVm B`mXr ]m]tMm JmS>r Mmb`mda H$gm [naUm_ hm{Vm{ d hUyZ `m ]m]rhr A`j[U{ JmS>r`m Mmb`mda H$g{ oZ`U H$aVmV h{ bjmV K{VmV. [aVw Vr JmS>r `m _m{H$`m OmJ{VyZ (aVm Zh{) [m{H$irVyZ OmV{ `m [m{H$irM{ H$m`? EdT>{M Zh{ Va JmS>rbm d MmbH$mbmhr AV]m `m[Um`m gd [gab{`m AIS> [m{H$irM{ H$m`? hr AIS> [m{H$ir JmS>r`m AUwa{Uy_`{ d MmbH$m`mhr AUwa{Uy_`{ AIS>[U{ [gab{br AgV{ `mM{ H$m`? AUwaUM{ ApVd m [m{H$iroedm` Ae` AgV{ d ApVdmM{ (oZ`U) H$aUmar { y Ag`mZ{ g[yU oH$`{Mr A`j oZ`H$ ]ZV{M Zm? EdT>{M H$m` g[yU JmS>r, MmbH$ `mMr _yb`{ oOWyZ Ambr d oO`mV g[Uma Vrhr AIS> gdXya [gab{br [m{H$irM `mMr Iar oZ`H$ Zmhr H$m`? [m{H$ir Am[U H$mhr Zgb{br Vr Ag{ hUVm{. [aVw V{ Am[`m _`moXV OmoUd{_wi{. dmVodH$ [m{H$ir d dVw d{J`m H$aU{ h{M "OmoUd{'_wi{ KS>b{. `m H$ma{ dVw AmoU [m{H$ir g_O`m`m oH$`{bm H{$di ]m d$[m`m kmZmbm g` g_O`m`m oH$`{bm Aodm hUVmV. [m{H$ir d dVw d{J`m ZmhrV `m_wi{ [m{H$ir JmS>rM{ MmbU{ oZ`oV H$aV{ Ag{ hUU{ JmS>rhr [m{H$ir_` Ag`mZ{ oZaWH$ R>aV{. Vg{M MmbU{ [m{H$irVM KS>V Ag`mZ{ V{ MmbU{hr [m{H$ir_`M AgV{. AWmV `{W{ oZ`H$, oZ`U d oZ`oV EH$m_-AIS> hm{VmV. gmhoOH$M [m{H$ir hr $T>mWmZ{ oZ`UH$Vu amhmV Zmhr. H{$di Ag`mZ{ d Ag`mZ{ Vr gmjr amhV{. oZ`Vm d AoZ`Vm h{ VwP{M JwU Amh{V h{ XmIod`mgmR>r h{ CXmhaU K{Vb{. EH$m _`mX{[`V VwP{ oZ`V{[U d AoZ`V{[U g_O`mgmR>r `m CXmhaUmMm C[`m{J Amh{. [aVw Vy [m{H$ir Zmhr. oZ`U d AoZ`U `m gH$[Zm`mhr AmVrb d JwUmVrV Aem Vwbm eVe: gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 865) oZ`_ : $& oZ`_m` Z_: $& AoZ`_: $& AoZ`_m` Z_: $& odoZ`_mMm oZ`Vm d oZ`_$[rhr Vy Amh{g. oZ`_m[ydu`m pWVrMm nZ`Vm d Vr pWVrhr VyM Amh{g. gm_moOH$ d d`o$H$ [mVirda X{Irb oZ`o_V Zg`mMr ghZ{ && 231 && 232. AdWm d oZ`o_V hm{`mMr AdWm m Xm{htMm H$Vm d Xm{hrhr VyM Amh{g. A>mJ `m{Jm_`{ oZ`_ Amh{V. V{ oZ`_ Vy Amh{g AmoU V{ Zg`mMr AdWmhr VyM Amh{g. V{ oZ`_ oZ_mU H$aUmamhr VyM Amh{g. oZ`_, oZ`o_VVm, oZ`_ ZgU{, AoZ`o_VVm, Vg{M `mMm oZ_mVm d oZ`Vm, Vg{M `mMr oZo_Vr oH$`m h{ gd H$mhr EH$X_M AgyZ `m`m AVrV X{Irb Agb{`m Vwbm AZ`^md{ dXZ Agm{. 866) A`_: $& A`_m` Z_: $& `mbm _`y Zmhr Agm. Vwbm O_ _`y Zmhr Vg{M Vw`m ^$mZm Aodm_` OrdZ m hm{V Zmhr hUyZ [wZO_ Zmhr d Vd$[ Ag`mZ{ _`y Zmhr. A` Q>m _`y hUO{ dd$[m[mgyZ T>iU{ (_`y hUO{ _yId hUVmV V{ `mgmR>r). Om{ AO_m O_`m{Jr AgVm{ `mbm dd$[m[mgyZ Hw$Urhr H$Yrhr T>idy (R>ma _m$) eH$V Zmhr. Bo` X_ZmMr ]YZ{ dm oZam{YmMr JaO Zgb{bm d dd$[r pWa Agb{bm A_a oMa`m{Jr (VwPm AdVma) VyM AgVm{g. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. gddmZ gmodH$: g`: g`Y_[am`U: $& Ao^m`: o`mhm}@h: o`H$V roVdYZ: $&& 867) gddmZ $& gddV{ Z_: $& Am_kmZr gm_` d Y` Agb{bm. O_-_`y-^rVr `m`m AVrV Aem VwP{ ^$hr A`V gderb d Y`dmZ AgVmV. Vwbm odZ_ Z_Z Agm{. 868) gmodH$: $& gmodH$m` Z_: $& gdJwUr. V_m{JwU, aOm{JwU d gdJwU hr `$s`m ApVdm_Yrb pW`Va{ XeodVmV. V_m{JwUm[mgyZ gdJwUm[`VMm dmg, ]Xb hUO{ jw ApVdm[mgyZ odemb ApVdm_`{ d odemb o>H$m{Zm_`{ Pmb{br [naUVr hm{`. `m oH$`{V H$maH$, hr oH$`m d oH$`{Mm [naUm_. gdJwU AmoU gdJwUmbm YmaU H$aUmam gmpdH$. gdJwU hm Am_kmZmM{ _hmma Amh{. [aVw Vy Am_$[r Amh{g `mM_mU{ Vw`m g[yU _m`{_`{hr (brb{_`{hr JwU`w$ ^$m_`{hr) Aod^$[U{ Amh{g. hUyZ Vwbm gmpdH$: (gdJwU YmaU H$aUmam) hUVmV. Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 869) g`: $& g`m` Z_: $& ""oH$mbm]moYV dVw g`o_oV $&'' oH$mbm]moYV g`. MrVrZ{ ^$ Vd$[ hUO{M gd$[ hm{VmV. `mM{ ghZ{ && 232 && 233. gHw$oMV, joUH$ d Aodm_` ApVd AOam_a oH$mbm]moYV ApVdmV pW`VnaV hm{V{. Vw`mMaUr ^o$[yd oU[mV Agm{V. 870) g`Y_[am`U: $& g`Y_[am`Um` Z_: $& g`mMaUmZw^yVrMr gdm} AdWm. oMaVZ d gZmVZ g`Y_ (odoZ`_) oZo_Umam d AmMaUmam od{a Vy Amh{g. [wH$iXm Am_`m Y_mV gmoJVb{bm X{d _m{R>m, d Vw_`m Y_mMm X{d bhmZ d ImbMm qH$dm Am_M{ Hw$bXdV OmJV, Vw_M{ Hw$bXdV gm_m` Ag{ H$mhr gdmX E{H$y `{Vm{. dV:`m X{dmMr H$[Zm dV:`m gHw$oMV[Umd$Z R>aV{. qH$]hZm VWmH$oWV AmpVH$ O{dT>m gHw$oMV d AMrVr[yU V{dT>m Ao^oZd{e d AYlm AoYH$ d AmpVH$ O{dT>m odemb X`r V{dT>r `mbm Amb{br X{dmMr MrVr doH$ AmoU `mMr dmr gohUw d S>m{ig AgV{. X{dm`m bhmZ_m{R>{[Umd$Z dmX/gKf H$aU{ hm AmYim AZ ^o_> AmMma hm{`. `mE{dOr O{ H$m{UV{ Hw$bXdV, Jw$ {ofV Ag{b `mM{ Zmd d gJwU $[ H$m{UV{hr Agm{, `mM{ [yOZ AMZ H$aVmZm dV:M{ gd gHw$oMV ApVd `mbm A[U H$amd{ hUO{ Ag{ dmX ]mOybm [S>Vrb. dV:`m X{dmbm BVamZr _m{R>{ hUm`bm hd{ Ag{b Va gdW_ dV:M dV:M{ gdd dV:`m X{dmbm md{ d Ado`o$H$ odembVm AZw^dmdr. `m_wi{ (Ag{ Z H$a`mZ{ hm{Um`m) X`mYm{`mM{ d H$Qw>V{M{ EH$ H$maU Zmhrg{ hm{Bb. `mM_mU{ ZmpVH$mZr ZmpVH$V{`m Am[`m Vdmer EH$oZ> amhZ X{dmdarb Aodmgm_mU{M dV:M{ gHw$oMV ApVd, dV:M{ gdd, dV:M{ odMma mdahr AZmR>m`r AgUmam odmg Z> H$amdm hUO{ _hmg_d` gmY{b d _hmZ odYm`H$ H$mVr KSy>Z `{Bb. odH$`mUmM{ _i{ w$bVrb. g[yU od Iam{IaM dm_r`Vm[yU d EH$m_ hm{Bb. Vw`m H$[{Z{, Vw`mM BN>{Z{, Vw`mM `m{OZ{Zwgma gd H$mhr KS>V AgyZ KS>V amhrb `m OmoUd{Z{ Vw`m MaUmamda gm>mJ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 871) Ao^m`: $& Ao^m`m` Z_: $& gd g`{_r `m`m g_wI Amh{V Agm. g[yU odmMm EH$_{d, gdm} Ame` d gmaVd. g[yU OmoUd{_`{ gdl{> OmU`mMr oH$`m, gdl{> AZw^yVr hr VwPr AZw^yVr Amh{. h{M d{J`m eXm_`{ _mS>VmZm XeZmV gdl{> XeZ (g`mMr MrVr X{Uma{) VwP{M Amh{ Ag{ hQ>b{ Amh{. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 872) o`mh: $& o`mhm` Z_: $& gdm`m g_[U^mdZ{Mm, g_o[V {_mMm, gddm`m g_[UmMm Iam h$Xma. ghZ{ && 233 && 234. gdmV o` AZw^yVr, gdd Vw`m MaUr (Vw`m H$[{Z{M) A[U H{$`mZVa o_iV{. Vg{M Aem AZw^yVrVyZ C[ hm{Umar H$oVdU OrdZmMr gmWH$Vmhr Vw`mM MaUr A[U H$a`mVyZ hr Aer gdmV o` AZw^yVr o_iV OmV{. hUyZM gdm`m g_o[V {_mMm Iam d EH$_{d h$Xma VyM Amh{g h{ Ajae: Ia{ Amh{. Ag{hr hUVm `{Bb H$s gd Y_-[Wm`m d gd odMmagaUt`m H$mhr bm{H$m_`{ g_[UmMr ^mdZm C[ H$aUmam, Aer g_[ U mMr ^mdZm d Ag{ gd dmM{ g_[ U (O{ odH$`mUH$mar AgV{) A`V AmdS>Umam hUyZ Vy o`mh: Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ `mh Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 873) Ah: $& Ahm` Z_: $& g_o[V hm{`mg gdWm `m{` Agm. `m[mam_`{ g_o[V Pmbm Va (Z{h_r Zmhr Var [wH$i) [g{ o_iVmV. `m`m_mbm g_o[V Pmbm Va emarnaH$ AmH$ma d e$s dmT>V{. [wVH$mZm g_o[V Pmbm Va _mohVr o_iV{. rbm g_o[V Pmbm Va AJoVH$, bmMma [amdb]r Aer H$m hm{BZm AmoU H$mhr Aer H$m Ag{Zm dmgZmVr o_iV{. X{h]wrO` ""C'' `{`m`m _mJ{ bmJyZhr H$Yr VmH$mobH$ `e Va H$Yr XmU d$` [Xar `{V{ [aVw Aem H$m{U`mhr oR>H$mUmhZ emV g`mMm, Am_kmZmMm bm^ hm{V Zmhr. odH$`mUmMm bm^ hm{V Zmhr. Vwbm g_o[V Pmb{ VaM A_ad AmoU emV g`mMm bm^ hm{Vm{. goXmZXmMr mr hm{V{. Vwbm g_o[V hm{D$ZM odH$`mU hm{D$ eH$V{. Aod{bm g_o[V Pmb{bm qH$dm Aod{`m H$mV J{b{bm (OmUmam) _mUyg Am_h`mM H$aV AgVm{. H$maU AkmZ h{M gdmV Ia{ _aU hm{`. Ag`m g_[UmZ{ $oMV ^moVH$ g_r `{V{ [U AkmZ (_`y) o_iV{. amhV{ Z dmT>V{ qH$dm ^moVH$ g_rhr o_iV ZmhrM [U AkmZ (_`y) o_iV{, amhV{ d dmT>V{ ! qH$]hZm Aod{bm g_[U h{ Ia{ g_[U Zh{M ! `m_wi{ oOW{ `$sM{ Ajae: gdd g_o[V hm{D$ eH$V{ Agm H{$di VyM Amh{g. Vwbm g_o[V ^mdZ{Z{ oZaVa gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{. 874) o`H$V $& o`H$V{ Z_: $& oV H$Vr H$aUmam. `m`m gd H$Vr ^$mZm o` dmQ>VmV d Om{ ^$mH$Sy>Z AMyH$ (d hUyZ o`) H$Vr H$$Z K{Vm{ Agm Vy Amh{g. Vwbm Z_ Um_ Agm{V. 875) roVdYZ: $& roVdYZm` Z_: $& ^$m`m X`mV g`mMr rVr (d MrVr) dmT>dUmam. AV]m g_ Aem odgH$VrMm _ybm{V Ag{ Am_kmZmZ{ AV:H$aU{ H$moeV Pmb{b{ A`V {_i ghZ{ && 234 && 235. "odm_H$' ^$ oZ_mU H$aUmamhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. odhm`gJoV`m}oV: gwoMhV^wpd^w: $& aododam{MZ: gy`: goMVm aodbm{MZ:$&& 876) odhm` gJoV: $& odhm`gJV`{ Z_: $& AVamimV ^_U H$aUmam. Vy AVami d H$mim[{jmhr gy_ Amh{g d `m Xm{Km`mhr AV]m gd `m[yZ Amh{g. g[yU AmH$me d H$mi e{dQ>r Vw`mVM odbrZ hm{VmV. Vwbm `mMr Cm_JVr (odhm` gJoV:) hUVmV. Vy AV]m `m[yZ AVamimV ^_U H$aUmam (OS> Zgb{bm) Ag`mZ{ d gy`m`m V{OmMmhr CJ_ d oZ`Vm Ag`mZ{ VwP{ gy`Zmam`U hUyZ [yOZ H$aVmV. Vw`mMaUr H$Vk Z_Z Agm{. 877) `m{oV: $& `m{oVf{ Z_: $& d`H$mer kmZ`m{oV. ^$mMm X`mVrb Am_kmZH$me`m{VrMm H$maH$ Vy Amh{g. `m{VrMr `m{Vr Amh{g. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 878) gwoM: $& gwM`{ Z_: $& Vw`modf`r ^$mZm Agb{br AmdS> AmoU ^$modf`r Vwbm dmQ>Umar AmdS> hrM gdm} Mr Amh{. d`o$H$Vm AmoU Ad`o$H$ odm_H$ Agm Vy `m _ybV: EH$M AgUm`m ]m]r _`mnXV ]wr_wi{ d{J`m dmQ>VmV. m ]m]r EH$ Ag`mM{ `$s`m MrVrg AmUmam Am_kmZmMm Xwdm VyM Amh{g. Aod^$V{Z{ oMaVZ {_mZ{ brbm H$aUm`m [wfH$VrVrb AmH$fU, {_ O{ ododY H$ma{ _mZdr OrdZmVhr JQ> hm{V{, VyM Amh{g. Vwbm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 879) hV^wH$ $& hV^wO{ Z_: $& A[U H{$b{br ^$s d hod drH$maUmam d C[^m{JUmam. od d `$s `m`mVrb Iam C[^m{$m Vy Amh{g. H$_, ^$s, g`_, kmZ m gm`mMm drH$ma H$$Z VyM ^$mZm Vz[ ]ZdVm{g. d Ver MrVr X{Vm{g. Vw`mMaUr Z_ dXZ Agm{. 880) od^w: $& od^d{ Z_: $& gd`m[r, H$mbmVrV, MamMamVrV, OmoUd{`m AVrV, gd od `m[Umam Agm oZ`Vm Vy Amh{g. Vw`m ^$m`m ApVdmMm Jm^mm, `mM{ Am_$[, `mMr Am_$[mMr OmUrd Vx[V{Z{ H$mbmVrV d od`m[r AgVmV. eara BVa `$s_mU{ Agb{ Var, `m`m ApVdmMm hm Jm^m AOam_a AgVm{. `mM{ gH$[ hUO{ ghZ{ && 235 && 236. VwP{ od`m[r gH$[M AgVmV. gd`m[r Aem Vwbm AmoU Vw`m ^$mZm AmXa[ydH$ oU[mV Agm{V. 881) aod: $& ad`{ Z_: $& gy`. gy`m`m V{OmMm H$maH$ gy`mM{ Am_$[ Vy Amh{g. Vg{M kmZgy` ]fu`m kmZmMm H$maH$ d `mM{hr Ia{ Am_$[ VyM Amh{g. d{J`m AWmZ{, aod: hUO{ ag em{fyZ K{Umam. gy` `m_mU{ g>rVrb OrdZag em{fyZ K{Vm{ `mM_mU{ ^$mM{ Ia{ Am_$[ Vy em{fyZ K{Vm{g. `mZm Am_$[, Vz[ ]ZdVm{g. gy` Og{ g>rbm OrdZ X{Vm{ `mM_mU{ gd ^$mZm Vy Vw`m H$[{Z{ Am_gmjmH$mamM{ A_a OrdZ X{Vm{g. Vwbm H$Vk XS>dV Agm{V. 882) odam{MZ: $& odam{MZm` Z_: $& AZ{H$ AmH$ma YmaU H$aUmam. odmVrb V{Odr dVy`m (M, gy` B`moX) $[mV JQ> hm{Umam. ^$mMr OmUrd Ad`o$H$ Pmbr, `mMr g_[U dmr [na[yU Pmbr H$s `m`m X`mVrb `mM{ Am_$[ Agm Vy `m`m B>X{dV{`m $[mV `mZm XeZ X{Vm{g. Aem d{ir ^$mM{ d`o$H$ ApVd Zm__mM oeH$ AgyZ `mZ{ B>X{dV{`m $[mVrb Vwbm (Am_d$[mbm) g[yU[U{ gdd A[U H{$b{b{ AgV{. B>XdV $[mVrb (`mMm Am_$[r) Vy AmoU ^$mM{ Zm__m ApVd `m_`{ ^$ OmoUd{Vrb g[yU Xm`mMm, _m{R>m [yb AgVm{. Vm{ ^$ d Ba `mZm Odi Odi EH$m_H$ ]ZdVm{. ^$m`m g_[U ^mdZ{Mr, o`H$a-{`gr ge _Ywam ^$sMr, Ah^mdey` {_mMr [a_mdYr Pm`m_wi{ ^$ d Vw`m_`{ AVyQ>Vm, Aod^$Vm EH$m_Vm AgV{. ^$mM{ gd H$mhr (B>X{dV{`m $[mVrb) ^JdVM H$aVm{ AmoU ^$mbm `m`m B> X{ d V{ `m $[mVrb ^Jd V moedm` (Am_$[moedm`) A` H$mhrhr gwMV ZgV{. Am_MrVr, Am_gmjmH$ma `m`m A`mgH$m_`{ $oMVgJr AgUmam Ao^_mZ, jVm, gJwU ^$s_`{ AoO]mV AmT>iV Zmhr. H$maU VmMm d V OmoUd{Mm _m{R>m Iw]rZ{ dm[a H{$`m_wi{ _Ywa {_mMm _hmgmJa gJwU ^$s_`{ AmT>iVm{. [aVw `m{J_mJ, kmZ_mJ d H$__mJ `m_`{ `m_mU{ X{h]wrO` AhH$mamMr AoYH$ e`Vm AgyZ Am_gmjmH$ma Xya amh eH$Vm{ `mM_mU{ gJwU ^$s H$aUm`m`m _ZmV, odMma[ydH$ Xya Z H{$b{`m dV:`m gHw$oMV OmoUdm d X{h ]wrVyZ C[ Pmb{`m X{dm`m oddojV H$[Zm AmoU `m`mdarb AZmR>m`r odmg `m_wi{ [amYrZVm, ^_ AmoU Am_KU{Mr [nagr_m hm{D$Z Am_gmjmH$ma Xya amh eH$Vm{. (]wrZ{) A`mg, _ZZ, qMVZmZ{, g_[U ^mdZ{Z{, (^$sZ{) Ah^mdey`V{Z{, _Ywam, Xm` dJa{ ^mdZ{Z{, OmJH$V{Z{, ghZ{ && 236 && 237. H$m{U`mhr H$ma`m d`o$H$ Amg$soedm` H$_ H{$`mZ{ (H$_) VwPr MrVr (Bar (Vw`m) H$[{Z{) Ambr Va `m OrdZmda (Am_$[r) VwP{ gdH$f d dm^modH$ oZ`U `{V{ (amO`m{J) d OrdZ [na[yU hm{V OmV{. gd Y_m`m d odMmam`m AZw`m`mZr Oa `m`m B>X{dVmMr `m`m [VrZ{ ^$s H{$br Varhr `mZm (Am_$[r) BamMm gmjmH$ma KS>{b, h{ odam{MZ: `m ZmdmVyZ [>[U{ gyoMV hm{V{. odm_`{ gdH$f E{` hm{`m`m oH$`{Mm hm EH$ X`J_ ^mJ Amh{. H$m{U`mhr EH$m MmH$m{ar] YZgXm`mV odmbm H$m|]`mMm `mg Zm_e{f hm{Bb. H$m{U`mhr Y_gXm`mMr ` ]mOy `m[wT>{ dV:M{ AoVna$ _hd J_md{b. _yoV[yOZ qH$dm _yoV^OZ `m[H$s d A` H$m{U`mhr ]m d$[mda CWi[U{ ^a X{Um`m h>mJhr, XwamJhr, EH$mJr _mJmZ{ odmbm Z{`mMr A[{jm H$aUma{ Aod{Z{ JV, ^o_> Amh{V. V{ oZoVM H$mim`m Am{KmV ]hH$Vrb d Zm_e{f hm{Vrb. Vw`m H$[{Z{ oeH$ amhrb d ]h$Z od`m[r AmZXmM{ _i{ w$bdrb Vm{ Am_kmZmoYo>V Am_kmZmo^_wI ododY_mJu ododYbjUr Agm dmV`mZ{ agagb{bm gZmVZ odY_ odH$`mUH$mar kmZgy` d ^$ gIm Aem Vwbm H$Vk Um_ Agm{. 883) gy`: $& gy`m` Z_: $& AW, od AmoU odmVrb gd e$sMm CJ_, Vg{M `mMm $T>mW gy`_mb{_Yrb OrdZXm`r Agm gy`. Vy od, `mVrb e$s, AVami, H$mi, OmUrd B`mqXMm H$mbmVrV CJ_ Amh{g d gy` h{ VwP{M (darb JwUmH$S>{ oZX}e H$aUma{) gJwU $[ Amh{. WS> X{emV gy` AmoU Ar mZm `mdhmnaH$ Q>mhr AZ`gmYmaU _hd AgU{ g`wo$H$ Amh{. C[`w$ X{dVm $[mM{ [wT>{ odoZ`Vm`m Am_$[r Bam_`{, Vw`m_`{ Vw`m H$[{Z{ C`Z Pmb{ Ag{ oXgV{. Am_$[r Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. 884) godVm & god{ Z_: $& gd ApVdmMm O_XmVm d gy`m`m ma{ g>rbm OrdZ X{Umam. AJm{Xa hQ>`m_mU{, ]$mi, AoV WS> X{e, oh_`wJ, AoV [mdgmM{ X{e dJa{ [napWVrV gy`mM{ _hd Agb{ Var _ybV: Vy AV:gy`M Amh{g. Vwbm _Zm{^md{ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 885) aodbm{MZ: $& aodbm{MZm` Z_: $& M d gy` h{ S>m{i{ Agb{bm. `m Zmdmd$Z, godVm, aod `m ZmdmVyZ H{$di gy`_mb{Vrb gy`mH$S>{ oZX}e H{$b{bm Zmhr mMr AoYH$M Imr [Qy> eH{$b. Vy ghZ{ && 237 && 238. od`m[r, odm_H$, odoZ`Vm, odoZ_mVm d odkmVm Agm od{a Amh{g. Vwbm ^md[yU dXZ Agm{. AZVm{ hV^w^m{$m gwIXm{ ZH$Om{@JO: $& AoZodU: gXm_fu bm{H$oY>mZ_X^wV: $&& 886) AZV: $& AZVm` Z_: $& WiH$mimVrV AO_m Ag`mZ{ AV ZgUmam, gd pW`Va{ dV:_`{ gm_mdUmam d dV: pW`VamVrV amhUmam Agm Vy Amh{g. Vwbm ^o$[ydH$ XS>dV Agm{. 887) hwV^wH$ $& hV^wO{ Z_: $& A[U H{$b{b{ drH$m$Z C[^m{JUmam. b`H$mbr A[U Pmb{b{ od Agm{ H$s `kH$mbr A[U H$a`mV Amb{bm hod AmoU [yO{`m d{ir XmIod`mV Amb{bm Zd{ Agm{ H$s _mZg[yO{V A[U H{$b{b{ AhH$mamXr gdd, gd H$mhr drH$maUmam d C[^m{JUmam VyM Amh{g. BW{ _hdmMr Xm{Z Vm[`} Amh{V. EH$ hUO{ gdd Bam[U H$aU{ hUO{ [naUm_V: X{h]wrZ{ C[ hm{Uma{ [XmWmM{ AmH$fU d C[`w$V{M{ odMma `m]am{]aM gd ^mdZm, dmgZm, odMma `mM{ Om{IS> H$mTy>Z {$H$U{. Xwga{ Vm[` Ag{ H$s [yOm `k$[mMr Agm{ H$s _yoV$[mMr g_[U ^mdZm _hdmMr. g_[U dmr AoYH$ hm{V{ Ver gd Om{IS>mVyZ o_iUmar _w$s AmoU BamMr MrVr g[yU hm{V{. dmVodH$ h{ gd H$a`mMr BN>m X{Umamhr VyM AgVm{g. Vw`mMaUr odZ_ oU[mV Agm{V. 888) ^m{$m $& ^m{ Z_: $& odoZo_Vr, gJm{[Z, ajU AmoU oZ`Um`m brb{Mm _Zgm{$ C[^m{JM OUy H$mhr K{Umam Agm Ba Vy Amh{g. Z{h_r`m OrdZmV `mM{ _hd Ag{ H$s Iam ^$ H$m{U`mhr bhmZ _m{R>m gJmZ{ S>J_JV Zmhr. OrdZmMm CH$Q> AmdmX, C[^m{J Vm{ K{Vm{. ^$mbm ^rVr, AgwaojVVm, H$miOr Zg`mZ{ Vm{ A` Hw$Umbmhr Aghm` H$arb, oWOdyZ Q>mH$sb, Wam$Z gm{S>rb Aem H$ma`m ^`H$a [napWVrV CgmhmZ{ d AmZXmZ{ agagb{bm d OrdZm`m _Ywa agmZ{ S>]S>]b{bm AgVm{. Vm{ AmZXmMm _hmm{V AgVm{, OrdZe$sMm MmbVm ]m{bVm Pam AgVm{. Vw`m d Vw`m ^$m`m MaUr oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. ghZ{ && 238 && 239. 889) gwIX: $& gwIXm` Z_: $& gwI X{Umam qH$dm gwI Z> H$aUmam. H$maU "X' hUO{ X{Umam qH$dm Z> H$aUmam. Vy _m{jgwI X{Umam, Vg{M AZ{H$mZ{H$ ^moVH$ gwI{hr X{Umam Amh{g. [aVw [wH$iXm jwH$ d gHw$oMV Amem-AmH$mjm`m [yVuZ{ o_iUmar gwI{ ohamdyZ K{Umamhr Amh{g. Ama`m, [yOm[mR>, dV-dH$`{, VrW`mm, dJa{ gdH$mhr _ybV: ZamMm Zmam`U hm{`mMr gmYZ{ Amh{V. [aVw ZamMm Zmam`U d Bhbm{H$mMm dJ ]Zd`mMr hr ^mdr gmYZ{ V_m{JwUr bm{H$m`m hmVr jw dmW gmY`mMr Aodmgmh gmYZ{ ]Zbr Amh{V, hr X{Irb VwPrM brbm Amh{. Aod{Z{ JV hm{D$Z Vw`m rM{ _mJ odgab{`m, bmMma[U{ jw ]m]tgmR>r Zdg H$aUm`m, ]ir X{Um`m, BVa AZ{H$ Iw`m Wm d Hy$a [a[am gm^miUm`m OrdmMm VmaUhma VyM Amh{g. `m`m AV`m_r JQ> hm{D$Z Am_MrVrMm AmZX_` H$me X{D$Z odH$`mUmM{ gwI_` daXmZ X{Umamhr VyM Amh{g. Vw`m MaUr _VH$ oZaVa[U{ amhm{. 890) ZH$O: $& ZH$Om` Z_: $& AZ{H$Xm O_Umam. odm_`{ `{H$ pW`VamMm Jm^m Ag`mZ{ g_mOm_`{ bm{H$m{ma JwUmZr d AgHw$oMV, X{h]woey` dmrZ{ [wZ: [whm O_Umam Ag`mZ{ AmoU gmYH$m`m _ZmV [wZ: [whm Am_MrVr`m $[mZ{ JQ>Umam Ag`mZ{ Vwbm ZH$O: hUVmV. Vwbm eVe: oU[mV Agm{V. 891) AJO: $& AJOm` Z_: $& gdmAJm{Xa O_b{bm. O__`y`m AVrV Agb{bm Vy odmVrb ``mdV gd [XmWm[ydu hm{Vmg `m AWmZ{ Vwbm AJO: hQ>b{ Amh{. H$mbmVrV, pW`VamVrV d gdmV OwZm Aem Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 892) AoZodU: $& AoZodUm` Z_: $& H$Yrhr d$`JV Z hm{Umam. Ad`o$H$, Vab, H$mbmVrV, oZ`H$, pW` V amVrV, M V `_`, kmZr ApVdmZ{ Ag`mZ{ Vw b m H$m{ U `mhr AmemAmH$mjm ZgVmV. `m_wi{ A[{jm^J, d$`hr ZgV{. Vz[ Pmb{bm ^$ g`_` AgVm{. `m_wi{ H$m{U`mhr d`o$H$ AmemAmH$mjm _ZmV Z R>{dVm d `m_wi{ H$Yrhr d$`JV Z hm{Vm Vm{ OJV AgVm{. VwPm Iam ^$ [wH$iXm _m{R>m AmV[U{ VwPr H$Um ^mH$V Agb{bm Aghm` Pmb{bm XmIdVmV. [aVw hr `mMr [yUmemZ{ Am_MrVr `{`m[yduMr AdWm AgV{. Aem dUZm_`{ XmIdb{`m hV]bV{_wi{, ^$mM{ d$[ X`Zr` [VrV g_m{a `{V{. Agm X`Zr` Pmb{bm ^$ ghZ{ && 239 && 240. hUO{ emVV{[yduM{ dmXi qH$dm Cf:H$mbm[yduMr ^`H$a am. oZdmWu, odH$`mUH$mar AgHw$oMV AdWVm. dmVodH$ `m`m odZd`m Xw]i{[UmMr Zh{ Va gdm} dmr d gH$VrMr m{VH$ AgV{. [wH$i ^$ H$mhr X{h]woO` odoe> R>m{H$Vmi{ _ZmV R>{dyZ VwPr ^$s H$aVmV. H$Yr `mdhmnaH$ m_moUH$[UmVyZ `emMr A[{jm Va H$Yr ZrVrZ{ dmJ`mVyZ g[mrMr A[{jm `m`m _ZmV AgV{. H$Yr dV:`m gmYZmMm Ao^_mZ AgVm{. H$Yr AdkmoZH$V{Z{ H$V``yVVm AgV{ Va H$Yr _m{hO` Agm h> AgVm{. AJXr gdJwUr ^$mM{hr [wH$iXm Ag{ Xm{f AgVmV. [U ^$ [na[d Pmbm H$s Am_MrVrM{ VmQ>d{ w$bVmV. MamMamVrV g`_`Vm `{V{. g`mVrb gm_`mMm d gm{Mm `` `{Vm{. gmhoOH$M `mdhmnaH$ g`mMr `emer gmJS> Kmb`mMr J$bV hm{V Zmhr d X{h]wrO` Aod{VyZ C[ hm{Um`m _m{hm_wi{ oZ_mU hm{Uma{ Amem-oZame{M{ Xw:I amhmV Zmhr. goXmZX_` Aem Vwbm godZ` dXZ Agm{. 893) gXm_fu $& gXm_ofU{ Z_: $& j_merb. Vw`m EH$oZ> ^$mZm Or VwPr MrVr `{V{ Vr H$Yr dm_r hUyZ Va H$Yr gIm hUyZ. H$Yr _mD$br hUyZ Va H$Yr ajUH$Vm hUyZ. H$Yr o[Vm hUyZ Va H$Yr Jw hUyZ. `m_wi{ `mZm Vy Z{h_rM j_merb dmQ>Vm{g. `mM{ VmpdH$ H$maU Ag{ H$s H$m{Urhr `$s H$Yrhr Bam[mgyZ Xya OmV Zmhr. OmD$ eH$V Zmhr. Ba (Vy) H$Yrhr Hw$Umbmhr Ah{aV Zmhr. H$maU Ba gXm gdXm gdg_md{eH$ AmoU Wi H$mimVrV AgVm{. H$m{U`mhr [napWVrV ^$mbm H$Yrhr AVa Z X{Um`m Aem VwPr MrVr `m_wi{M [amH$m{Q>r`m j_merb Aem d$[mV hm{V{. VwP{ ^$ dm {ofVhr (`{ey oVmMr VWmH$oWV [m[r r`m gX^mVrb H$Wm OJog d `m gX^mV ]m{bH$s Amh{. Vg{M V{ H$m` H$aVmV V{ `mZm H$iV Zmhr `mZm j_m H$a h{ `mM{ CXJmahr _hmZ g`mM{ CXJma Amh{V) j_merb hm{V, `mM{ H$maU V{ odm_H$ Aem Vw`mer (Am_$[mer) EH$$[ hm{V{, Amh{V. AJwob_mb `m IwZr Jwh{Jmambm {_mZ{ drH$maUm`m ]wm`m j_merbV{M{ X{Irb h{M V` Amh{. gm{di{ Z> hm{Bb, OmV ]mQ>{b, Y_ ]wS>{b B`mXr ^m]S>m d gJr amZQ>r qhVm YmaU H$aUm`m H$[Zm hUO{ Aodm hm{`. kmZ{am`m AmBdoS>bmZm X{hXS> R>m{R>mdbm Om`mMr KQ>Zm h{ EH$ ]m{bH{$ CXmhaU `{H$mbm _mJXeH$ R>aUma{ Amh{. m KQ>Z{ZVahr kmoZ`mMm amOm _m Am_gmjmH$mar d odm_H$ Ag`mZ{ Hw$Umda gyS> K{`mgmR>r YS>[S>bm Zmhr. j_merb Aem Vw`m MaUr H$Vk bm{Q>mJU Agm{. ghZ{ && 240 && 241. 894) bm{H$moY>mZ_ $& bm{H$moY>mZm` Z_: $& OmoUdm`m gd VamM{ oZ`H$ AoY>mZ, [m`m Vy Amh{g. gm_moOH$ d d`o$H$ gX^m_`{ `mM{ _hd Ag{ H$s H$m{UVmhr d`o$H$ dmW Z R>{dVm AhH$maey`V{Z{ Vw`m _aUmV VwPr g{dm hUyZ Or H$Vr H{$br OmV{ (Vw`m H$[{Z{), Vr `edr hm{V{. Vw`m AoY>mZm_`{ d Vw`m _aUm_`{ _mP{ OrdZ Vw`m g{d{V `VrV hm{V hm{V Vw`mM MaUr A[U Agm{. 895) AX^wV: $& AX^wVm` Z_: $& AX^yV hUO{ gdgm_m` R>m{H$Vmi{, ]moH$ AmH$bZ `mV O{ Z ]gUma{ Amh{, V{. Vy gdVm{[ar AX^wV Amh{g. Vw`m MrVrZ{ X{h]wr JiyZ [S>V{, AhH$ma PSy>Z OmVm{. gHw$oMV `o$d _$Z [S>V{. VwP{ Ag{ ^$ _J A_VmM{ gmJa ]ZVmV. Xr[V^ ]ZVmV. MV`mM{ _{ ]ZVmV. Jw ]ZVmV, oe` ]ZVmV. g[yU oIS>mV Vw`m MrVrMm MmKS>m dmOy bmJVm{. m gm`mMm H$Vm Agm Vy gdM Q>m AX^wV Amh{g. Vwbm ^o$[ydH$ dXZ Agm{. gZmgZmVZV_: H$o[b: H$o[a``: $& dpVX: dpVH$dpV dpV^wH$ dpVXojU $& 896) gZmV $& gZmV Z_: $& Vg{M gZmZ{ Z_: $& AZVH$mb amhUmam. H$mbmVrV AmoU gXmgdXm pW`VamVrV Aem ApVdmZ{ Vy AZmXr AZV Amh{g. Vwbm eVe: Um_ Agm{V. 897) gZmVZV_: $& gZmVZV_m` Z_: $& H$mbmVrV d OmoUd{`mhr AVrV Agm mMrZV_. jU^Jwa ApVdmbm odmgmh, odg]`m`m{` [yU g` g_OyZ amhU{ hUO{ dV:M dV:Mr [yU Am{iI ZmH$maU{ Amh{. gZmVZV_ Agm gdmV`m_r dgUmam H{$di VyM, Vw`m ^$mZm (`m`m AZmXr AZV d AOam_a Am_$[mMr) MrVr X{D$ eH$Vm{g d gd X{h]woO` d AodmO` XwadW{VyZ odmbm d _mZdOmVrbm dY_gy`mH$S>{ d Am_kmZmrH$S>{ Z{D$ eH$Vm{g. Vw`mMaUr gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 898) H$o[b: $& H$o[bm` Z_: $& kmZmo d _hof H$o[b. kmZmo AmoU l{> XmeoZH$ H$o[b hr VwPrM $[{. Am_kmZXeu Aem Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 241 && 242. 899) H$o[: $& H$[`{ Z_: $& dV:`m kmZoH$aUmZr `$sVrb gHw$oMV `o$d Z> H$aUmam d `mM{ kmZ_` ApVd, (Am_$[, MV`) dV:er EH$$[ H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. `mM_mU{ H$o[: hUO{ dmZa. VwPm AdVma am_. `m am_mbm gdVm{[ar ghm` H$aUmam, Am_kmZr hZw_mZ h{ VwP{ $[ Amh{. Vg{M H$o[: hUO{ damh. [drMm gajH$ damh h{ $[hr VwP{ Ag`mZ{ Vwbm H$o[: hUVmV. Vw`mMaUr ^o$[ydH$ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 900) A``: $& A``m` Z_: $& Vg{M A``: $& A``m` Z_: $& `m_`{ od od$Z OmV{ Agm. od `m_`{ odlmVr K{V{ d [whm `m[mgyZ CX^dV{ Agm. H$mht`m _V{ A``: h{ Zmd Amh{. `mMmhr VmpdH$ AW pW`VamVrV[U{ odmbm gm_mdUmam d C[ H$aUmam. VwP{ oZ>mdmZ ^$ Vw`m H$[{Z{ `m`m gXgXodd{H$[yU OmoUd{`m ma{ Vw`mer W{Q> Om{S>b{b{ Ag`mM{ AZw^dVmV. Vw`m gm{Mr d gm_`m`m AVrV OmVmV. Vd$[mV H$Yrhr H$_r Z hm{Um`m Am_mZXmV a__mU hm{VmV. Vwbm d Vz[ Pmb{`m ^$, `m{Jr, Q>m F$ftZm d {ofVmZm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 901) dpVX: $& dpVXm` Z_: $& _mJ` d H$`mU XmZ H$aUmam. VwP{ _aU, VwP{ [yOZ, VwP{ gH$sVZ, VwP{ ^OZ, Vw`m AmR>dUrV H{$b{br gd H$m_{ `mZr OrdZ H$`mU_` ]ZV{. g[yU odmV Oa EH$_{d Aer H$`mUH$mar ]m] Ag{b Va Vw`m H$[{Z{ m hm{Umar VwPr ^$s. VwP{ `mZ, VwP{ qMVZ, Vw`m]bM{ odMma, Vw`m JWmM{ A``Z, AmoU mVyZ CX^dUmar `$sMr H$Vr h{ gma{ H{$di Vw`mM H$[{Z{ m dm e` hm{VmV d Vr ^o$MrM Xwgar ]mOy Amh{, d{Jim AmodH$ma Amh{. CXmm, _Jb, H$`mU_`, odgH$VrMr [hmQ> Vw`mM H$[{Z{ hm{V Amh{. Vwbm gdd g_o[V Agm{. 902) dpVH$V $& dpVH$V{ Z_: `mM{ Xm{Z AW Amh{V. H$`mU H$aUmam d H$`mU em{fyZ K{Umam. H$`mUH$mar `m gm[{j H$[Z{V Vwbm [mhU{ d qMoVU{ ^__ybH$ Amh{. Vy gmjr Ag`mZ{ H$mhrhr Z H$aUmam Amh{g. ode{fV: `o$gm[{j H$`mU Va _wirM Z H$aUmam Amh{g. CbQ Vy ^$mM{ gdd, AJXr `mMr H$`mUmMr H$[Zm X{Irb em{fyZ K{Vm{g. `m_wi{ Vwbm H$`mU em{fyZ K{Umam, Zmhrg{ H$aUmam Ag{ hUVmV, V{ `m{` Amh{. `mM_mU{ A` Q>m [moh`mg VwPr MrVr Aod{Z{ d jw AmemAmH$mjmZr Jmgb{`mZm AoVe` ^`mZH$ d ZH$m{er dmQ>V, A_Ji dmQ>V. hUyZhr Vwbm H$`mU { { ghZ{ && 242 && 243. em{fyZ K{Umam Ag{ hUVmV. ^JdX^$mM{, emkmM{, oZdmWu, AgHw$oMV, oZ[h odMmadVmM{, m_moUH$ H$oVeyamM{ Vw`m H$[{Z{ gmH$maUma{ H$m` Ag d H$mht`m >rZ{ A_Ji hm{V{. `m H$mhrZrM Vw`m g{dH$mM{ N>i H{$b{, hmb H{$b{. AmUIr EH$ H$ma{ [moh`mg Vy dV: Aodm d _m`{Mmhr H$Vm Ag`mZ{ odH$`mUmbm hm{Um`m H$>a odam{YmMmhr H$Vm VyM Amh{g. AH$`mU H$aUmam Amh{g Ag{ hUVmV. H$maU ^$mZr `mMr `j MrVr K{Vb{br AgV{. ^$mZm Vy H{$b{b{ gd H$`mU_` oXgV{ hUyZ V{ Vwbm H$`mU H$aUmam hUVmV. V{hr `m{` Amh{. ode{fV: VwPr MrVr h{M gdm} H$`mU Ag`mZ{ ^$mZr Vwbm H$`mU H$aUmam hUU{ gmhoOH$M Amh{. H$`mU d AH$`mUm`m AVrV AgUm`m Vw`mMaUr _VH$ oZaVa[U{ amhm{. 903) dpV $& doVZ{ Z_: $& H$`mU. ^$mZm Or VwPr MrVr `{V{ Vr MrVr, `mMr ^$s, `mMr Vr A_a AZw^yVr hUO{ VwP{M $[ Amh{ d V{M H$`mU hm{`. H$`mUd$[ Aem Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 904) dpV^wH$ $& dpV^wOZ{ Z_: $& dV: Z{h_rM _JbVm AZw^dUmam. hm ^$mMm AZw^d Amh{. ^$ Vz[ Pmb{ H$s AIS> ^aVr Agb{bm _JbV{Mm _hmgmJa AZw^dVmV. `md{ir `mM{ gHw$oMV `o$d ApVdmVM (OmoUd{VM) Zg`mZ{, V{ Vwbm h{ gmW ode{fU bmdVmV. (d{J`m gX^mV d eXe: AW K{V`mg (CXmhaUmW) [m[r ]m]t_`{ _JbVm AZw^dUmam d [m`mZmhr ghm`H$ Ag{ hm{V{ d hUyZ V{ JabmJy hm{V{.) Vg{M ^$mZm O{ _Jb dmQ>V{ V{ odmVb{ gd H$mhr I`m >rZ{ oZo_Umam d AZw^dUmam >m, kmVm d AZw^dUmam EH$_{d VyM Ag`mZ{hr Vwbm dpV^wH$ hUVmV. Vwbm godZ` dXZ Agm{. 905) dpVXojU: $& dpVXojUm` Z_: $& H$`mU (^{Q> hUyZ) X{Umam H$V`V[a AmoU Hw$eb. Am_MrVrMr hUO{M gdm} H$`mUmMr ^{Q> X{Umam Vy Amh{g. Vwbm Z_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. Aam: Hw$S>br MH$s odH$`yoOVemgZ: $& eXmoVJ: eXgh: oeoea: edarH$a: $&& 906) Aam: $& Aamm` Z_: $& H$Yrhr Co, jm{o^V, AgVw>, H$m{oYV Z hm{Umam. Vw Ad`o$H$, gdg_md{eH$, ghZ{ && 243 && 244. H$mimVrV, oZ`H$, MamMamVrV Ag{ ApVd Ag`mZ{ Vw`m_`{ earaO`, X{h]woO` dmgZm, Amem, AmH$mjm, Amg$s ZgV{. `m_wi{ `m`m A[yUV{VyZ `{Umar AVr d Ii]i Vw`m_`{ ZgV{. Vw`m ^$mZm Vx[V{`m AZw^yVr_`{ `m ]m]rMm `` `{Vm{ hUyZ V{ Vwbm Aam: hUVmV. Vw`m ^$m_`{hr VwP{ h{ [a_doeQ> ``mbm X{D$ eH$V{. Vw`m MaUr d Vw`m MrVrZ{ [wZrV Pmb{`m `m{`m`m, ^$m`m d AdVmam`m MaUr gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 907) Hw$S>br $& Hw$S>obZ{ Z_: $& _H$aHw$S>b{, H$U^yfU{, Hw$S>obZr (ZmJrU). gJwU $[mV A`V V{Odr H$U^fU{ Agb{bm. Vg{M g^m{dVr oX` db` Agb{bm. d`o$H$ gX^mV Hw$ S>obZr y (ZmJrU) e$s d$[ Agb{bm A` >rZ{ [hmVm (AZV) e{fmda `m{JoZ{V [hS>b{bm. `$s`m earamVrb Hw$S>obZr $[mZ{ amhUmam, `m{JoZ{V [hS>b{bm d oX` H$me g^m{dVr AgUmam m dUZmVyZ `m{JogrH$S>{ oZX}e H{$b{bm Amh{. H$U^yfU{ KmbUmam dJa{ gJwU $[mM{ dUZ ^$X`mVyZ Ba{_m_wi{ d Vw`m _hmZV{`m MrVrVyZ Amb{b{ Amh{. Vwbm _Zm{^md{ dXZ Agm{. 908) MH$s $& MoH$U{ Z_: $& MH$ YmaU H$aUmam. `m gJwU $[mVrb V` Ag{ H$s Vy earamV`m_rMm Ba AgyZ Hw$S>obZr e$s`m `m{JmZ{ fQ>MH$^{XZ hm{D$Z ghmaMH$mV AZw^yVr $[mZ{ amhVm{g. ghmaMH$ YmaU H$$Z `m ma{ `$sbm Am_MrVrM{ "gwXeZ' X{Vm{g. ghmaMH$m_`{ Hw$S>obZr OmJVrZ{ oede$s`m _rbZm_wi{ `{Umar gdkVm d gm_`dmZVm gwXeZ MH$m`m ma{ Vw`m V{Odr gJwU $[mV XmIodbr OmV{. A` Q>m [moh`mg H$mbmVrVV{Z{ gdk Agm Vy H$mbMH$mMm YmaUH$Vm Amh{g. H$mbMH$mVyZ gdkmZ hm{V{ hUyZ H$mbMH$M gwXeZ MH$ Amh{. Vg{M `mbm H$m{Urhr H$Yr N>{Xy eH$V Zmhr ^{Xy eH$V Zmhr, odam{Yy eH$V Zmhr `m_wi{ AoV gm_`dmZ, A[amoOV d [naUm_H$maH$ Ag{ gwXeZ MH$M Amh{. Vw`m [m`mer bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 909) odH$_r $& odH$o_U{ Z_: [mT>ar _mZ Agb{`m JS>mda ]gyZ AVamimV ^_U H$aUmam, oZ^` d [amH$_r. JS> hUO{ OmUrd d JS>moYo>V odUy hUO{ [a_m_m. H$mbmVrV OmoUd{da dma hm{D$Z AVami, H$mim`m [obH$S>{ gd ^_U H$aUmam hUO{M gd`m[r, gdeo$_mZ, gdk [a_m_m. Vw`m _aUmV Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 244 && 245. 910) D$oOVemgZ: $& D$oOVemgZm` Z_: $& gdm} AmoU [yU[U{ Z`m` Ag{ H$m`X{ H$aUmam d A_bmV AmUUmam. doH$ oZ`_mMm oZ`Vm Agm Vy hUO{ Ad`o$H$ MV` Amh{g. `m_wi{ H$m`X{ H$aU{ d A_bmV AmUU{ (`mMm [naUm_) Xm{hrhr Vy H$aVm{g. Vw`m MrVr`m H$[{Z{M OJmbm _mJXeH$ Aer XeZem{ odH$ogV Pmbr d hOmam{ df} AmMmamV amohbr. Vw`mM H$[{Z{ d Vw`mM gdm} emgZmZ{ Am_MrVrO` d Am_Mr`mo^_wI Aer Zdr H$`mU_` doH$ gH$Vr d `dWm `jmV `{Bb. Vwbm ^o$[ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. 911) eXmoVJ: $& eXmoVJm` Z_: $& eXmVrV. eXmZr dUZ H$a`mg Ae`. [am, [`Vr, _`_m d dIar `m Mmahr dmUt`m AVrV Agm Vy Amh{g. `m dmUr hUO{ `$sM{ _`moXV ApVd AmoU g[yU AV]m Aem MamMamM{ ApVd (Vy) `m_Yrb Xwd{ Amh{V. [aVw `m Mmahr Xw`mZr o_iUmar AZw^yVr VwP{ Ia{ d$[ OmUV Zmhr. `mM_wi{ m dmUrVyZ oZKUma{ eX VwP{ dUZ H$$ eH$V ZmhrV. Vw`m H$[{Z{, VwPr MrVr AmoU AZw^yVr o_iV{ [U VwP{ `mdhmnaH$ dUZ H$a`mgmR>r `o$dM oeH$ CaV Zmhr. `m_wi{ VwP{ dUZ Ae` hm{V{. d{XH$V} F$fr d _hfu Vw`m H$[{_wi{ [yU Vz[ hm{D$Zhr `mM{ ^mZ gm^miyZ AoVe` Hw$emJ ]wrZ{ VwP{ dUZ H$$ eH$b{. [aVw `m eXmVyZ Vw`m MrVrMm _mJ Iwbm hm{V Agbm, _Zmbm VwP{ Am{PaV{ XeZ hm{V Agb{ d Vw`m g ApVdmMr MwQ>[wQ>Vr H$[Zm o_iV Agbr Var VwP{ g[yU dUZ Hw$R>{hr o_iV Zmhr. dV:`m MrVrZ{ Vy ^$mbm Aem CMrda Z{Vm{g H$s V{W{ Xwgam Hw$Ur (Vw`m BN>{oedm`) MTy> eH$V Zmhr, AmoU VwPm ^$ Imbr CV$ eH$V Zmhr. [aVw Vw`mM H$[{Z{ _J ^$X`mVyZ [am[eu eXmM{ d gXJwH$[{M{ A_V dV{ AmoU Vw`mH$S>{ [m{M`mM{ gm{[Z V`ma hm{Vm. gXJw$`m $[mZ{ VyM _J `m gm{[mZmd$Z gX^$mZm dV:H$S>{ Z{Vm{g. eXmVrV Aem Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 912) eXgh: $& eXghm` Z_: Vw`m H$[{Z{ gHw$oMV ApVd Z> Pmb{ H$s VwP{ kmZ hm{V{ d hiwhiw `m kmZmbm eXmV [H$S>`mMr Z g[Umar YS>[S> gw$ hm{V{. hr gd oH$`m A`V oZdmW AmoU CXmm AgV{. `m oH$`{VyZM d{XoZo_Vr Pmbr. g`mH$S>{ Z{Uma{ _hmZ JW V`ma Pmb{. d{X AmoU g`mH$S>{ Z{Uma{ h{ eX]mM{ AmodH$ma, g` eXmVrV Ag`mM{ _m` H$aVmV AmoU Varhr CH$Q>V{Z{ g`mM{ (VwP{) dUZ H$aVmV. `mM{ ghZ{ && 245 && 246. gmY{ H$maU Ag{ H$s Vw`m H$[{Z{, ododY VH$ AZw_mZm`m oeS>mZr eXm`m ghm`mZ{, (AWdm H$Vr`m _XVrZ{, d g_[UmZ{ X{Irb Oar Vwbm [yU[U{ OmUVm Amb{ Zmhr Var) Vw`m[`V [m{MVm `{V{. Vwbm eVe: oU[mV Agm{V. 913 oeoea: $& oeoeam` Z_: $& WS> F$Vy. Vy odm_H$ Ag`mZ{ oeoea F$Vy h{ VwP{M EH$ $[ Amh{. d`o$H$ gX^mV [moh`mg ggma-Vm[mZ{ hm{a[iUm`mgmR>r Vy WS> F$Vy Amh{g Agmhr EH$ AW oZKVm{. Vwbm odZ_ dXZ Agm{. 914) edarH$a: & edarH$am` Z_: $& edar hUO{ ]h[VrZr dUZ H{$b{`m AmR> XwH$mir gdgam[H$s EH$ gdga. Xwgam AW AYma. $T>mWmZ{, AYm`mMm A^md d H$memMm A^md H$aUmamhr VyM Amh{g. `mMm gH{$V Agm H$s gd X{Umam Aem odoe> JwUdoeQ>m_`{ Vwbm H$m|]`mMm `Z H$aU{ MwH$sM{ Amh{. d`o$H$ [mVirda [mhVm H$m{U`mhr AodmO` Ag` gwI-Xw:ImXr KS>m_m{S>rMm A^md Agb{br d ` H$mehr Zgb{br H{$di AV:H$mer AdWm hUO{ edar C[ H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. Vw`m MaUmda odZ_ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. AHy$a: [{ebm{ Xjm{ XojU: jo_Um da: $& odXdm_m{ dr^`: [w`ldUH$sVZ: $&& 915) AHy$a: $& AHy$am` Z_: $& H$gm`m Zm{H$arV Agb{bm ^JXd^$ AHy$a. A` AW Hy$a ZgUmam. gd JwUdoeQ>{ JwUmVrV Aem Bam[mgyZ (Vw`m[mgyZ) CJ_ [mdbr Amh{V. hUyZ AHy$a hm l{> ^JdX^$ hUO{hr VwP{M $[ Ag`mM{ AHy$a: ZmdmVyZ ``mg `{V{. A` AWmZwgma WiH$mimVrV gd`m[r Ag`mZ{ Vwbm H$m{Urhr H$Yrhr jm{o^V H$$ eH$V Zmhr, Vy H$Yrhr H$m{oYV hm{V Zmhrg, Hy$a hm{V Zmhrg. Vwbm _Z:[ydH$ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 916) [{eb: $& [{ebm` Z_: $& A`V _Xy. _Xy `mMm AW H$R>rUVm ZgUmam. odam{Y qH$dm AS>Wim Z H$aUmam. K> ZgUmam. _ZmB, `dm` Z H$aUmam. Adam{Y Z H$aUmam, Z AS>dUmam. Vy Ad`o$H$, pW`VaaohV, WimVrV, AdH$memVrV, H$mbmVrV, oZ`H$, gdg_md{eH$, OS>MV`mVrV, Vab ApVd Ag`mZ{ Vy gXmgdXm _XyM Amh{g. ghZ{ && 246 && 247. `moedm` VwPr MrVr g[U ApVdmda gmjmV _XVMr [mIa KmbUmar d ^$mbmhr y w{ _Xy ]ZdUmar Ag`mZ{hr Vwbm [{ e b: (_Xy) hUVmV. AmUIr EH$m >rZ{ [mhVm, Xw]i{ d AodmJV bm{H$M H$R>m{a, H$H$e, qh AgVmV. [aVw gdg_md{eH$, gdeo$_mZ AmoU AOam_a Ag`mZ{ AmoU H$m{UVrhr AgwaojVVm Zg`m_wi{ Vy [amH$m{Q>rMm _Xy Amh{g h{ ^$mZm OmUdV{ d ^$hr Vw`mgmaI{M _Xy ]ZVmV. Vwbm ^$s[yd dXZ Agm{. 917) Xj: $& Xjm` Z_: $& gmdY, V[a, OmJV. OmoUd{`m gX^mV odMma H$aVm `m `$sM{ bj gdXZm, { odMma, ^mdZm, dmgZm, [ydJh, g_OwVr `mZr ^ab{b{ AgV{ `m `$sM{ bj, EH$mJVm, V[aVm, JhUe$s, aogH$Vm h{ gma{ H$_r hm{V{. Vy Aearar Q>m Ag`mZ{ VwP{ ApVd oZaVa OmJV d V[a AgV{. VwP{ ^$hr Vz[ Pm`mZ{ Ag{M gmdY AgVmV. `m{Jm_`{ gd gd{XZm[mgyZ _Z I{MyZ K{mm`m `m{`mbmhr d`o$H$ OmoUdmM{ ApVdM Z Ca`mZ{ Vm{ X{Irb Vw`m_mU{ oZaVa gmdY AgVm{. Vw`m MrVrMr, gHw$oMVV{`m ZmemMr, `m{JmVrb gmYZ{Mr _hVr d Vw`m XjV{Vrb __ d _hd AJmY Amh{V. Vwbm AmXa^md[ydH$ oU[mV Agm{V. 918) XojU: $& XojUm` Z_: $& gai _ZmMm, Hw$eb, MVwa, g_W, Z{h dm g` H$a`mg `m{` Agm. XojU d Xmoj` `mV H$m{UVrM H$_VaVm Zgb{bm. Aearar Agm Vy Ogm Amh{g VgmM Amh{g. VwP{ oZ`_ Amh{V `mZwgma gd H$mhr A`V Hw$ebV{Z{,oZ:dmW[U{, g_^mdZ{Z{, Vy H$$Z K{Vm{g. AV]m gma{ `m[Umam Ag`m_wi{ Vy gdeo$_mZ Amh{g. Vg{M H$mbmVrV Ag`mZ{ d `$s`m AVaJmV Am_$[mZ{ dgV Ag`mZ{ g` H$a`mg A`V gw`m{` d Am_MrVr _hmZ XojUm X{Umam Agmhr Vy Amh{g. VyM Vw`m odH$`mUm`m gH$[m_`{ ^$mZm g_ag H$aVm{g d A`V l{>V_ g_mYmZ X{Irb X{Vm{g h{ VwP{ bm{H$m{ma MmVw` Amh{. Vw`m ^$m_`{hr h{ JwU od[wb _mUmV AmT>iVmV. Vwbm d Vw`m ^$mZm Z_ dXZ Agm{. 919) jo_Um da: $& jo_Um dam` Z_: $& j_merbm_`{ gdl> Agm Vy j_merbm`m j_merbV{Mm H$maH$, j_merbmMm { oZ`Vm, j_merbmZm [y` Agm Ba Amh{g. Vw`m AZw^yVr_`{ ^$mZm j_m o_iV{ hUyZhr V{ Vwbm jo_Um da: hUVmV. Om{ AOam_ad AZw^dVm{ Vm{ VwPm ^$, _hm_m, `m{Jr qH$dm {ofV X{Irb Vw`m_mU{M j_merb hm{Vm{. Om{ gm_` ghZ{ && 247 && 248. d gwaojVVm AZw^dV Zmhr Agm Aod{Z{ JV Ord dV:`m Xw]i{[UmMr oVoH$`m hUyZ IwZer, gyS>]wrZ{ `w$, qh d Hy$a ]ZVm{. Vw`m j_merbV{`m g qMVZm_`{ _mP{ _VH$ oZaVa Vw`m MaUmda amhm{. 920) odXdm_: $& odXdm_m` Z_: $& gdl{> odmZ. km`mMm Ba, dm_r. kmVm, k{` d kmZ EH$oV[U{ `m`m R>m`r Amh{V. gd km`mMm H$Vm d oZ`Vm Agm Om{ Amh{ d IamIwam EH$_{d kmZr Agm Om{ Amh{ `m gdmV]m gd H$mhr OmUUm`m Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 921) drV^`: $& drV^`m Z_: ^rVr Zgb{bm. ^rVrM{ _w` H$maU qMVm. qMV{M{ H$maU Xw:I. Xw:ImM{ H$maU emarnaH$ qH$dm _mZogH$ d{XZm. d{XZmM{ H$maU OI_m, `mYr. `mVrb H$_ CbQ> gwbQ> hm{D$ eH$VmV d EH$mM d{ir EH$m[{jm AZ{H$ ^mdZmhr Agy eH$VmV. [U gdmV OmV ^rVr Oa H$emMr Ag{b Va Vr _`yMr. _`y`m H$[Z{Z{M emarnaH$ d _mZogH$ d{XZm hm{VmV d _mUyg ^`^rV hm{Vm{. Aearar, gdg_md{eH$ AOam_a, emdV, pW`VamVrV AmoU H$mbmVrV Aem Vw`m ApVdm_`{ ^rVrMm bdb{ehr g^dV Zmhr. ^rVr OmoUdm`m A^mdm`m (Og{ od_aU, d{S>, ]{ewr, AkmZ B`mXr) H$[Z{Z, Amem-AmH$mjm`m A[yVV`m (Og{ [gm-AS>H$m, ]T>Vr, { { O_rZOw_bm, gmm,KaXma dJa{ J_md`m`m) H$[Z{Z{, OZqZX{`m (gHw$oMV ddmbm R>{M [m{M`m`m) H$[Z{Z{, dJa{ AZ{H$ H$maUmZr oZ_mU hm{V{. gHw$oMV ^mdZmMr B_maV T>mgi`m`m (oZH$Q>`m `$s`m _`yMm odMma, e`Vm dJa{) odMmamZ{hr ^rVr oZ_mU hm{V{. [aVw gd H$ma`m ^rVrM{ Ia{ _yi X{h]wrV Amh{, Aod{V Amh{. dV:`m Aembm g[yU g_O`mV d dV:`m jU^Jya oh`mbm A_a g_O`mV Amh{. X{h]wr d Aodm Vw`m d$[r g^dy eH$V ZmhrV. CX^dyM eH$V ZmhrV. hUyZ Vy ^`ey`, ^`mVrV Amh{g. VwP{ ^$ Vw`m MrVr_wi{ Ag{ oZ^` AgVmV. `m{Jr, F$fr, ^$ `m`m `m _hmZ MrVr_wi{M KZKm{a Aa`mVyZ oZ^`[U{ dmdaVmV d _hm_{ `mM H$maUmZ{ H$oiH$mimbmhr Z Km]aVm g`mMm CXKm{f H$aVmV. Vwbm oZaVa Z_Z Agm{. 922) [w`ldUH$sVZ: $& [w`ldUH$sVZm` Z_: $& `m`m odf`rM H$sVZ d ldU, _m{jXm`r AgV Agm. Vg{M Om{ [w`$[ _m{jXm`r ldU$[ Amh{ d _m{jXm`r H$sVZ$[hr Amh{ Agm. Vwbm ^o$[ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. ghZ{ && 248 && 249. CmmaUm{ XwH$oVhm [w`m{ Xw:dZZmeZ: $& drahm ajU: gVm{ OrdZ: [`dpWV: $&& 923) CmmaU: $& CmmaUm` Z_: $& VmaUhma. Aodm d X{h]wr_wi{ ggmaVm[`$[r g_wmV ]wS>Um`mZm Am_kmZ X{D$Z dmMdUmam VmaUhma Vy Amh{g. _ZmMm g`_, oZH$m_ gH$_, g_[U dmr[yU ^$s, _ZZ-qMVZ-oZoX`mg-A`mg-kmZ B`mXr _mJmZr `$sbm Am_$[r pWa H$aUmam VyM Amh{g. ]kmZmM{ AZ{H$ _mJ C[bY H$$Z X{Um`m _hmZ od^yVr hUO{ VwP{M AodH$ma Amh{V. `j AWdm A`j AmoU ododY AZmH$bZr` [VrZr ododY H$ma{ AZw^d X{D$Z ^$mZm Am_kmZmMm aVm XmIdUmam VyM Amh{g. Vw`m MaUr H$Vk XS>dV Agm{V. 924) XwH$oVhm $& XwH$oVZ{ Z_: $& dd$[mMm odga hUO{ VwPm odga, h{M gdmV _m{R>{ [m[ hm{`. h{ [m[M odmVrb gd XwH$`mMr OZZr Amh{. Aod{Z{ JV AmoU Am_d$[mMm odga [S>b{`mZm Am_MrVr X{D$Z `m`m Aod{Mm d [m[mMm Zme H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. gm_moOH$ gX^mV, Am_kmZm[mgyZ Xya Z{Uma{ gd H$mht ^mdhrZ H$$Z odH$`mUH$mar gVwbZ KS>dyZ AmUUmam Vy Amh{g. Vwbm gmQ>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 925) [w`: $& [w`m` Z_: [od, H$`mU_`, [w`H$Vm, [w` d [w`H$m`mZ{ m hm{Umam Ag{ gd VyM Amh{g. VwP{ Zm__aU d Vw`m Zm_mM{ {_ `m_`{ amhZ Vw`mMaUr odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 926) Xw:dZZmeZ: $& Xw:dZZmeZm` Z_: $& dmBQ> dZ{ Z> H$aUmam. X{h]wr d Aodm-_m`{_wi{ C[ hm{Um`m dmgZm, Amem, AmH$mjm, oZamem, d$`, Xw:I, ^rVr oZ_mU hm{D$Z H{$di OmJ{[UrM{ odMma d H$VrM{ Zh{ Va Pm{[{Vrb d dZmVrb odMma d AZw^d o]KS>VmV. hrM Xw:dZ{ hm{`. Am_kmZm`m `m{J{ Aodm d Vm` Xw:dZmMm Zme H$aUm`m Vw`mMaUr AmXa[ydH$ bm{Q>mJU Agm{. 927) drahm $& draZ{ Z_: $& dra hUO{ AZ{H$ H$ma{ H$m` H$aUmam(ar) _m`m. _m`m gdVm{[ar ]bdmZ AgV{. O_, X{h]wr, Aodm, _m{h, g^_ d e{dQ>r _`y Aem AZ{H$ H$ma{ AmodH$V ghZ{ && 249 && 250. hm{D$Z O_-_`y`m {$`m_`{ gdmZm Vr JwVdV{. Am_kmZ_mJmVrb `m _hm]br _m`{Mm Zme H$$Z ^$mZm Am_d$[r kmZ_` d H$mimVrV ApVdmV d OmoUd{V pWa H$aUmam VyM Amh{g. Vw`mMaUr gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 928) ajU: $& ajUm` Z_: $& odmM{ ajU H$aUmam. gm`m odmM{, g_mOmM{ AmoU `$sM{ Aodm$[r JV}[mgyZ ajU H$aUmam H{$di Vy Amh{g hm ^$mMm AZw^d Amh{. H$mbmVrV d emdV ApVdmZ{ VyM ^$mZmhr VwP{ gm_` d A_ad (OmUrd d `j ApVd m Xm{hr AJmZr `w$ Ag{) XmZ H$aVm{g d `mM{ gXmgdXm ajU H$aVm{g. Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 929) gV: $& gX`m{ Z_: $& gVm` Z_: Vz[ Pmb{b{ `m{Jr, ^$, ]fu, {ofV, _hm_{, _hm[wf hUO{ gV. Vy dV: gVmer AVyQ>V{Z{ EH$$[ AgVm{g. gVgJmM{ h{ Vm[` _hmZ Amh{. Vw`mMaUr odZ_ Z_Z Agm{. 930) OrdZ: $& OrdZm` Z_: $& gdmV`m_rM{ OrdZVd. Vy OrdZmM{ _yi Amh{g. CJ_ Amh{g. Ord, oZOud `m`, MamMa AmoU OS>-MV`mbm, EH$m_V{Z{, OrdZmVrV Ag{ (OrdZmM{ H$maH$ Ag{) OrdZ X{Umam Vy Amh{g. M-gy`m`m gJwU $[mV Vy g>rbm OrdZag X{Vm{g hUyZ [yOVmV `m_mJrb Vd h{M Amh{. Vwbm gmXa Um_ Agm{V. 931) [`dpWV: $& [`dpWVm` Z_: $& gd`m[r, Wi, H$mi gd H$mhr `m[Umam. Agm Vy AgyZ Vw`m gVV _aUmZ{, qMVZmZ{ d ^$sZ{ odembVm, CXmaVm d A_admMr (gHw$oMV d jU^Jwa ApVd Zmhrg{ hm{D$Z) mr hm{V{. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. AZV$[m{@ZVlroOV_`w^`m[h: $& MVwam{ J^ram_m odoXem{ `moXem{ oXe: $$& 932) AZV$[: $& AZV$[m` Z_: $& A_`mX AVaohV Agm. Vy Oir Wir H$m>r [mfmUr gd Amh{g. H$mbmVrV Amh{g. EdT>{M Zh{, OmoUdm`m H$m{U`mhr [mVird$Z oH$Vrhr em{Y K{Vbm Var `mMm AV, [arK, e{dQ> gm[S>V Zmhr Agm Ag`mZ{ Vwbm A`V gmW[U{ AZV$[: hUVmV. Vwbm oZaVa dXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 250 && 251. 933) AZVlr: $& AZVol`{ Z_: $& (AZV) e{fZmJ d b_r g_r[ Agb{bm. Ag` H$maM{ E{` (b_r = lr) `m`m[mer Amh{ Agm. `m{Jemm`m o>H$m{ZmVyZ d`o$H$ gX^mV [mhVm, Hw$ S>obZr (ZmJ) Mm dm_r d X{h]wrO` Aod{`m g_wmVyZ gdXZm, oVoH$`m`m { _WZmma{ m hm{Um`m Am_MrVrMm H$Vm d Am_MrVr$[ d Am_MrVrO` E{`mMm Iam ^m{$m Vy Amh{g. A` Q>m [mhVm H$[mVr`m pW`VaaohV AdW{V H$mbmVrVV{Z{ AgUmam g>rMm AmYma (e{fZmJ) d E{`mMr dmo_Zr (lr) `mZm dmo_dmZ{ Odi ]miJUmam odmMm dm_r Vy Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 934) oOV_`w: $& oOV_`d{ Z_: $& amJ, H$m{Y, qOH$b{bm. Vw`m Aearar ApVdmV AmoU H$UmdVmamgma`m gJwU $[mV amJmMm bdb{e ZgVm{. H$maU Vy gXmgdXm [yU, gdk, AOam_a d gdgm_`dmZ Amh{g. `m_wi{ Vwbm H$Yrhr ^rVr Zmhr. d amJ Zmhr. pWVkV{Mm _hmZ C[X{e d AmXe KmbyZ X{Um`m Vwbm [wZ: [whm XS>dV Agm{V. 935) ^`m[h: $& ^`m[hm` Z_: ^` Z> H$aUmam. VyM ^$mZm gdgm_`dmZ, gdk, gdg_md{eH$ d A_a Aem `m`m Am_$[mMr (VwPr) MrVr X{Vm{g d `mM{ ^` Z> H$aVm{g. Vwbm odZ_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 936) MVwa: $& M_Vwam` Z_: $& Ad`o$H$, Aearar, gdk, oZ`H$, gdg_md{eH$, gm_`g[ ApVdmZ{ AMyH$ oddoZ`_ ]ZodUmam d A_bmV AmUUmam Vy Amh{g. odmVrb `{H$ oH$`m hr g]oYV [ydoH$`{Zwgma O{hm KS>V{ V{hm `m oH$`{bm H$m`H$maU ^md hUVmV qH$dm H$_$b ogmV hUVmV. gOrd Agm{ AJa oZOud [ydoH$`{Zwgma gw`m{` [naUm_ qH$dm $i o_iU{ hm Z`m` hm{` d Agm `m` VyM X{Vm{. hUyZ Vwbm g_>r d `m`r hUVmV. g_mOm`m gX^mV odMma H{$`mg g_mOmMr `dWm Aem Vh{Z{ bmdUmam H$s `mVyZ gdmZm `m` o_imdm. H$mbMH$mMm odMma H$aVm Vy h{ A`V Hw$ebV{Z{ H$aVm{g. H$mbmZwgma g_[H$ Vh{Z{ H$aVm{g. `m{`d{ir Z`m `wJmMr Zdr Mmhbhr X{Um`m Vwbm gmXa Um_ Agm{V. ghZ{ && 251 && 252. 937) J^ram_m $& J^ram_Z{ Z_: $& JhZ, Im{b, J^, J^ra Agm Am_m. Aodm-_m`{`m S>m{hm_`{ OmUrd ]wS>m`mZ{ AmoU Vy OmoUd{`mhr [obH$S>{ AoYH$ Im{bda Ag`mZ{ Vy JhZ Amh{g. H$m{UV{hr jw d X{h]wrO` Mmi{ Vw`m kmZm[`V [m{MV ZmhrV hUyZ Vy J^ra Amh{g. X`mV`m_r Hy$Q>W Ag`mZ{ Vy AoVe` Im{b Amh{g. gdmV`m_r d hUyZ gdk Ag`mZ{ Vy J^ Amh{g. VwP{ ^$ Ag{M AZmH$bZr` AgVmV. Vwbm eVe: oU[mV Agm{V. 938) odoXe: $& odoXem` Z_: $& H$mhrhr H$_VaVm Zgb{bm [yU AmoU Agm_m` XmVm. g[yU odmMm, JoUV, [XmW odkmZ, Ordem d A` ^moVH$ emm`m ghm`mZ{ [nal_[ydH$ em{Y K{D$Z (O{ Vw`m H$[{_wi{ KS>V{) `m AVJV gm[S>Umar oZarjU{ d AmS>mI{ `m`m AVrV O{ [yUdmZ{ d AZVdmZ{ amhmV{ V{ Vy Amh{g. _mZgemmbm O{ H$iV Zmhr V{ Vy Amh{g. Vy [yU Amh{g. Vg{M [yUdmZ{ d H$mbmVrVV{Z{ Ag`mZ{ gdm} Aem Am_MrVrM{ XmZ X{Umam EH$_{dmoVr` XmVm Vy Amh{g. Vwbm odZ_ dXZ Agm{. 939) `moXe: $& `moXem` Z_: $& gmmYm`m`m gm{Mm gdeo$_mZ H$maH$ d oZ`Vm, Agm_m` gmmYmar. gmmYm`mMm gmmYmar, dm_r d Ba Vy Amh{g. ApVdm`m gd [mV`mda VwPrM gmm Amh{. X{d-X{dVm (ododY [mV`mdarb ApVd{ Or `$s`m OmoUd{`m EH$mm Vamer oZJoS>V hm{D$ eH$VmV) Vw`mM gm{_`{ Amh{V. Vw`mM gm{Z{, AkmZr kmZr ]ZVmVM [U odmZ [oS>V X{Irb gHw$oMV X{h]wr, Aodm AhH$ma B. [yU[U{ Bam[U H$$Z AM{VZ, Ag_W d ]YZH$maH$ kmZmVyZ d A[wa{[UmVyZ _w$ hm{Vm. Vd$[mMr MrVr K{VmV. kmZ d gm_` X{Um`m gdgmmYre Aem Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 940) oXe: $& oXem` Z_: $& `m{` _mJ XmIdUmam. AY `m_mU{ AYmbm _mJ XmIdy eH$V Zmhr `mM_mU{ EH$ X{h]wrZ{ d Aod{Z{ Jmgb{bm Xwg`m X{h]wrZ{ d AodmJV `$sbm _mJ XmIdy eH$V Zmhr. g[yU odm_`{ g[yU[U{ kmZr H{$di VyM Amh{g. Vy Jw$Mm Jw Amh{g, odJw Amh{g. Am_kmZmM{ oboIV _mJM Zh{ Va BVa Jw-oe` [a[a{Z{ Amb{b{ d d{im{d{ir Vw`m gmjmH$mar H$[{VyZ [JQ> Pmb{b{ BVa _mJ (bmoH$H$ Q>m M_H$ma) `mMm H$Vm d oZ`Vm VyM Amh{g. odmVrb gd Y_-gXm`m`m, ghZ{ && 252 && 253. gd dem`m gd d`m`m r-[wfmZm h{ _mJ Vw`m H$[{Z{ C[bY Pmb{ Amh{V. gXJw$Mmhr gXJw$ Aem Vwbm oZaVa Um_ amhm{V. AZmoX^w^wdm{ b_r: gwdram{ oMamJX: $& OZZm{ OZO_moX^u_m{ ^r_[amH$_: $& 941) AZmoX: $& AZmoXZ{ Z_: $& AZmX`{ Z_: $& gwdmV, Ama^ Zgb{bm. odmM{ oZ`H$ ]rO$[ Agm Vy oZo_bm J{b{bm Zmhrg hUyZ Vwbm Ama^ Zmhr. pW`VamVrV Amh{g d Ama^ d e{dQ> Vw`mM AmYmamZ{ Amh{V. `m_wi{hr Vwbm AmoX Zmhr. odmM{hr (Ama^ e{dQ>mgh) gd H$mhr Vw`mVyZ CJ_ [mdV{ `mMm _oWVmW Vy $T> AWmZ{ "oZ_mVm' Zmhrg Agm Amh{. _yi ]rO$[mVrb od, Vw`m oZ`Umma{, ]rO$[r Vw`mV ]Xb Z hm{Vm, `m` oH$`mVyZ CbJS>V OmV{. Vwbm odZ_ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 942) ^y^wd: $& ^y^wdm` Z_: $& g[yU MamMa odmMm AmYma. [dr, AVami, H$mi, H$mimVrV OmUrd, B`mXr ApVdm`m gd j{mV, KQ>ZmV AV]m gd H$mhr `m[yZ amohb{bm _ybmYma d oMaVZ emdV AmYma Vy Amh{g. gHw$oMV `o$dey` OmoUd{`m _m`_mVyZ (dH$[{Z{) MrVrg `{Um`m odoZ`Vm d Am_$[ Aem Vwbm gmQ>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 943) b_r: $& b` Z_: $& E{`. odmVrb gd Vamdarb AVr_ gmX`, V{O, _mYw`, [a_m{ ^mdZm h{ gma H$mhr _hmZ E{` hUO{M b_r. b_r$[hr VyM Ag`mZ{ Vwbm b_r: hUVmV. (MMb _m`{Mm H$Vm, AmYma d _m`m$[r X{Irb AMb gmjr Agm VyM Amh{g). d`o$H$ [mVirda `$sM{ A`wH$> OrdZ _ybV: VyM Amh{g AmoU Vw`m MrVrodZm V{ [yU[U{ oZaWH$ H$:qH$_V Amh{. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 944) gwdra: $& gwdram` Z_: $& gdm}H$> odO`r _hm]br. odm`m a_Ur` KS>m_m{S>t_`{ gdm} oZ`H$ ^yo_H{$VyZ gdm}m_ AodH$ma gmYUmam _hmVm[r dra Vy Amh{g. gm_moOH$ [mVirda ododY H$oV JwUY_mZwgma H$Yr amOfu, H$Yr ]fu, H$Yr _hmH$dr, H$Yr `m{JramO Va H$Yr ^$amO, Aem Cm_m{m_ AmodH$mamV JQ> hm{Umam VyM Amh{g. g_mOH$`mUm`m m Im oZ^` bm{H$m{ma dramMm dm_r gdm}m_ _hm]br, ghZ{ && 253 && 254. _hmdra Vy Amh{g. d`o$H$ [mVirda OrdZmMr gdm} [mVir JmR>Um`m Am_MrVr`m `edr _m{oh_{Vrb dramMm Hw$eb g{ZmZm`H$, _hm`m{m Vy Amh{g. Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 945) oMamJX: $& oMamJXm` Z_: $& ImX{ d ]mhZm gajU X{Umar Cm_ ]mh^yfU{ dm[aUmam. gJwU $[m_`{ Z`Z_Zm{ha d gajH$ Am^yfU{ KmbUmam. `mMm _oWVmW, Hw$eb `m{m_mU{ gd doH$ KS>m_m{S>r KS>dyZ AmUUmam d Am_kmZmMr odO`r [VmH$m CM $S>H$V R>{dUmam. A` >rZ{, Cm_ ]mh^yfU{ hUO{ Y_mbm AmYma X{`mMr oH$`m d CH$> XmZ X{`mMr oH$`m. Vy Am_kmZmMr MrVr X{D$Z EH$g_`mdN>{X{H$$Z Y_mbm AmYma d gajU X{Vm{g. Y_mM{ gJm{[Z H$aVm{g Cm_ XmZhr X{Vm{g. Vwbm odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 946) OZZ: $& OZZm` Z_: $& O_ X{Umam. odmbm d gOrd g>rbm O_ X{Umam. Vy gOrdmZm Am_kmZ d Am_gmjmH$mamZ{ AOam_a ApVdmMm O_ X{Umamhr Amh{g. dV:`m _m`$[r J^me`mVyZ O_ X{D$Z dd$[r pWa H$aUmam Agm gdm} O_ X{Umam Vy CXmmV_ _mVm-o[Vm-Jw Amh{g. _mVm, o[Vm AmoU Jw `mMmhr _mVm-o[Vm-Jw Vy Amh{g. AOam_a ApVdmMm O_ X{Um`m Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 947) OZO_moX: $& OZO_mX`{ Z_: $& O_mMm O_XmVm. O_`mM{ _yi H$maU. O_-_`y`m MH$mMm H$maH$ Vy Amh{g. dmgZm-gH$[mZwgma d H$_$bmZwgma [wZO_ m hm{Vm{ `mMr ]woJ` g`mg`Vm ^od`mV em{YyZ [mhVm `{Bb. `mgmR>r Wyb X{hm`m _Z, ^mdZm, qbJX{h, gy_X{h, `m`m dmgZm, `mg, gH$[ `mM{ [XmW dkmoZH$ JwUY_ d [na_mU{ AmoU `mMm AmZwdoeH$Vm, JUgyr` gKQ>Z H$Q>Z, odH$mg, odZme `mda hm{Umam [naUm_ A`mgU{ Amd`H$ Amh{. O_mbm O_ X{Um`m d O_H$[Zm d O_mM{ AmH$bZ `mZmhr O_ X{Um`m Vwbm oeagm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 948) ^r_: $& ^r_m` Z_: $& ^`H$a. Aod{_wi{ X{h]wr_wi{ `$sM{ gm_` d gm_`mMr OmUrd AVJV Pmb{br AgV{. Am_d$[mM{ od_aU Pmb{br `$s Hw$]S>mMm odZmH$maU ghZ{ && 254 && 255. dm[a H$aUm`m "A[Jm'_mU{ AgV{. [aVw Vwbm [mhU{ hUO{ X{h]wr Q>mH$U{, Hw$]S>m Q>mH$U{. `m_wi{ Vw`m XeZm`m odMmamZ{hr `$sMm WaH$m[ CS>Vm{. EH$mm `$sbm MS> Xar`m da qH$dm AWmJ _hmgmJam`mda qH$dm AVamimV gm{gmQ>m`m dmXimV qH$dm dOZaohV AdW{V A`[ AmYmamda R>{d`mg `mMr Or AdWm hm{Bb VrM Vw`m XeZmZ{ hm{V{. `mM{ AmUIr EH$ H$maU Ag{ H$s VwP{ XeZ H{$di oZ^, ^mdhrZ dVy`m XeZm_mU{ jU^Jya gwI-Xw:ImXr gd{XZm-oVoH$`m C[ H$aUma{ ZgV{. VwP{ XeZ ApVdmbm AV]m gd oXemZr N>{XyZ ^{XyZ OmUma{ AgV{. X{h]wr_wi{ `m ApVdmbm gdd _mZb{ d Am`w`^a `m]b Ordm[mS> Am_r`Vm d Amg$s ]miJbr `m ApVdm`m oR>H$`m CS>VmZm [mhU{ hr Jm{> _hm^`mZH$ Amh{. Am[wb{ _aU [mohb{ `m S>m{im Ag{ ghO hUUm`m _hmkmZr ^$mMr ]m] oZamir. Eadr Vw`m XeZmZ{ dV:M{ _aU [mhmd{ bmJU{ h{ AV]m o[idQy>Z Q>mH$Uma{ AgV{. hUyZM VwP{ XeZ K{`mgmR>r `o$bmhr _hm_mZdr Y` Agmd{ bmJV{. dV:`m OmoUdmZm odaKiyZ OmVmZm [mhU{ hUO{ dV:M{ KaXma, O_rZOw_bm, o`H$a/{`gr, AmB, dS>rb, ^mD$, _wb{]mi{, gm_moOH$ oV>m, amOH$s` gmm, AmoWH$ gmm, gd`m gd F$UmZw]Y `mZm YyirV o_iVmZm [mh`m[{jmhr AoYH$ ^`H$a AgV{. g_[U ^mdZ{Z{ O{hm ^$ Vw`m ^OZmV XJ Pmb{bm oXgVm{ V{hm Vw`m A_`mX H$[{Z{ `mZ{ H$m{UVr _hmZ H$gm{Q>r [ma H{$b{br AgV{, H$m{U`m oX`mVyZ Vm{ ]mh{a Amb{bm AgVm{, H$m{U`m odbjU d ^`mdh AZw^dmVyZ `mZ{ MrVrM{ oeIa JmR>b{b{ AgV{ `mMr H$[Zm H$aU{ Ae` AgV{. V{ AZw^d`moedm` `mM{ ^`mZH$ am^rfU [U AoV_V: A`V X`J_ $[ H$iU{ e` Zmhr. Aodm, X{h]wr_wi{ dmgZ{Mr [H$S> O{dT>r K> V{dT>{ Vw`m XeZmM{ ^` AoYH$. H$mhr odmZ [oS>VmZr VWmH$oWV ]wr`m d VH$emm`m AO gmIiXS>mZr dV:bm OISy>Z R>{db{b{ AgV{. H$_R>mZr H$_m`m VwJmV dV:bm oIV[V R>{db{b{ AgV{. damMm`mZr dV:`m dmgZmVr`m AYm`m Jwh{]mh{a H$Yr d{e H{$b{bm ZgVm{. Vw`m AWmJ A_`mX d$[m_`{ `mM{ ^mZM ha[V{, ]m{]S>r diV{, H{$di Vw`mM H$[{Z{ `m gdmZm Vw`m OrdZXm`r ApVdmMr gmj [Qy> eH$V{. MrVr `{D$ eH$V{. V{ oXdm^rVm_mU{ Vw`m ^rVrZ{ Xya [imb{ Var VwPr H$[m `mZm Vw`m XeZmM{ h{ MS> kmZ[hmS> CKm`bm [{bm`bm d [Mdm`bmhr g_W ]ZdV{. Vw`m_mU{M, Vw`m ^$mM{ AVaJhr YwS>mim`bm oZKmb{bm _mUyghr `m AVaJmV odaKiyZ dV:bm had`m`m gr_{da `{Vm{ V{hm `mMrhr ^rVrZ{ JmiU CS>V{. dV:`m H$[{Z{ kmZmM{ _hmgmJa, MrVrM{ AVami ghOmghOr oJi`mM{ d [Md`mM{ MS> gmhg d _hmZ gm_` X{Um`m gde$s, am^rfU ghZ{ && 255 && 256. AmoU gd`m[r Aem Vw`mMaUr gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 949) ^r_[amH$_: $& ^r_[amH$_m` Z_: _hm[amH$_r. Vy gd`m[r d gdeo$_mZ AmoU `m_wi{ gdmoYH$ [amH$_r Amh{g. AOam_a AmoU AZmoX AZV Aem H$mbmVrV gm_`mZ{ gXd odO`r hm{Umam Agm Vy Amh{g. odH$`mUmMm VwPm gH$[ VyM og H$$ eH$Vm{g. Ajae: {Vm_`{ gOrdZr ^$Zhr VyM Y_mMm odO` gm` H$$ eH$Vm{g. Vwbm _Zm{^md{ Z_Z Agm{. AmYmaoZb`m{YmVm [w[hmg: OmJa: $& D$dJ: g[WmMma: mUX: Ud: [U: $& 950) AmYmaoZb`: $& AmYmaoZb`m` Z_: $& _yi AmYma. g[yU ApVdmMm d OmoUd{`m gd Vam`m AV]m amhUmam _ybmYma d emV AmYma Vy Amh{g. OmUUm`moedm` OmUU{ d H$aUm`moedm` hm{U{ Zmhr VXdVM g[yU odmM{ ApVd d OmUrd Vw`mM AmYmamZ{ d oZ`UmZ{M ApVdmV Amh{V. Vg{M `$sM{ d g_mOmM{ ApVd d C AZw^yVrM{ od Vw`m H$[{Z{M e` Amh{V. A`Wm Zmhr. Vwbm odZ_ dXZ Agm{. 951) YmVm $& AYmVm $& Ym{ Z_: $& AYm{ Z_: $& gdmZm AmYma X{Umam d gdm} oZ`H$, ([aVw, $T>mWmZ{ AmYma X{Umam dm oZ`U H$aUmam Zh{) Agm Vy Amh{g. d`^y AmoU H$m{UmMmhr H$m{UVmhr AmYma Zgb{b`m gdgm_`dmZ Aem Vwbm AmXa[ydH$ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 952) [w[hmg: $& [w[hmgm` Z_: $& w$bb{`m w$bm_mU{ V{Odr d g. g[yU od OUy H$mhr EH$mm gwXa w$bm`m C_b`m_mU{ A`V gwoZ`oV, AmoU AMyH$ [VrZ{ CbJS>V OmV{. VwPr H$[m w$bm`m gwJYm_mU{ odmV XadiV amhV{. d`o$H$ [mVirda X`H$_b AmoU ghXbH$_b Am_kmZm`m V{OmZ{ w$bdUmam Vy Amh{g. Vg{M `mVyZ oZ_mU hm{Umam odm_H$V{Mm ^mdgwJY _Zm_`{ AmoU `mma{ Xhmhr oXemZm AV]m XadiodUmamhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm oeagm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 953) OmJa: $& OmJam` Z_: $& OmJVr`m [wT>Mr OmJVr Agb{bm. Z{h_rMm OmJ{[Um hr Ia{ Va Am_$[mMr od_Vr Ag`mZ{ Pm{[ qH$dm _`yMr pWVr AgV{. Vy Ad`o$H$, emV, ghZ{ && 256 && 257. pW`VamVrV VabV_ Ag{ oZ`H$ ApVd Ag`mZ{ d OS> MV`mVrV Ag`mZ{ d Z{h_rM Am_$[r Ag`mZ{ Aer "Pm{[' qH$dm "_`yMr pWVr' (hUyZM _Zw` O_mbm _`y bm{H$ hUU{ g`wo$H$ Amh{) m hm{V Zmhr. `mbmM O__`y`m {$`m[mgyZ _w$ Aer AdWm hUVmV. `m{`mZm, km`mZm d Vw`m ^$mZm `mdhmnaH$Q>m V{ O_b{ d _V Pmb{ Var hr AdWm VyM m H$$Z X{Vm{g. hr OmJVr hUO{M `m{JoZm d goXmZX_` g_mYr, hUO{M Vy Amh{g. Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. 954) CdJ: $& Cd}Jm` Z_: $& da OmUmam. CdJm_r AmoU AYm{Jm_r Aem Xm{Z VhmZr `$s_`{ oH$`m hm{V OmV{. CdJm_r oH$`{V odembVm, oZ[hVm, {_ VabVm, gdJwU, gmX`, _mYw`, V{O, B`mXr AgVmV. AYm{Jm_r oH$`{V gHw$oMV[Um, hmd, {f, V_m{JwU, Hw$$[Vm, H$Qw>Vm, AYma, ^rVr, d{XZm, [maV`, [adbo]d, Aghm`Vm B`mXr AgVmV. gdmV _hdmM{ hUO{ Vw`m MrVr`m oXe{Z{ OmUmam Vm{ CdJm_r AmoU Vw`m (Am_d$[m`m) od_aUmVyZ od_aUmH$S>{M OmUmam Vm{ AYm{Jm_r hm{`. Vw[ Pmb{bm, hm{Umam ^$ h{ VwP{M $[ Ag`mZ{ Vwbm CdJ: hQ>b{ Amh{. d`o$H$ AmoU `m{J_mJm`m >rZ{ [mhVm `m`m OmoUdm boJH$V{er d jw dmgZmerM oZJoS>V amhVmV `mZm AYm{a{V hUVmV (`mMr dmJUyH$ dmgZmZr d X{h]wrZ{ oZ`oV hm{V{) AmoU `m`m OmoUdm X` AmoU ]wrer oZJoS>V AgVmV AmoU X` d ]wXYr`m (AhH$mam`m) AVrV X`mV`m_r`m Hy$Q>W Bam`m-Vw`m (Am_$[m`m) oXe{Z{ OmVmV (_ZmMr EH$mJVm, `_-oZ`_ AmXr A>mJm`m `m{J{ ^$Z) `mZm Cda{V hUVmV. Vz[ Pmb{bm Cda{V `m{Jr hUO{hr VwP{M $[ Ag`mZ{ Vwbm Cd J: hQ>b{ Amh{. Vwbm ^$s[ydH$ Um_ Agm{V. 955) g[WmMma: $& g[WmMmam` Z_: $& g`_mJu. O{ AmMaU hUO{ oZdi g` AgV{ AmoU `m AmMaUmZ{ g`mMm gmjmH$ma hm{Vm{ V{ g`mMaU hm{`. VwP{ AmMaU g` AgV{ d `m AmMaUmZ{ `$s Vw[r g_ag hm{V{ V{ g` AgV{. Vy d`og g` Amh{g. oH$mbm]moYV gd`m[r g` Agb{`m Vwbm AmoU Vz[ Pmb{`m ^$mZm oeagm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 956) mUX: $& mUXm` Z_: $& mUe$s X{Umam. g[yU odmV AmoU gOrdm_`{ MV` ^aUmam mUe$sMm ghZ{ && 257 && 258. CJ_ Vy Amh{g. `m _hmZ VdmMm dm[aM mUm`m_m`m AoVe` gm{`m VmV H$a`mV Ambm Amh{. oMmmMr EH$mJVm dmT>`mgmR>r AmoU Aod{H$S> { YmdUma{ Aod{V a_Uma{ _Z d$[r odbrZ H$a`mgmR>r mUm`m_mMm, mgmda Zm__aU H$a`mMm, mgm{mgmda bj H|$oV H$a`mMm Iy[ $m`Xm hm{D$ eH$Vm{. mUm`m_mM{ _hmZV_ XmZ odmbm X{Umamhr VyM Amh{g. Vwbm eVe: XS>dV Agm{V. 957) Ud: $& Udm` Z_: $& Am|H$ma. Vy Am|H$ma Amh{g hUO{ odmM{ ]rO Amh{g. `mM_mU{ odmM{ oZ`H$ Vdhr Amh{g. Vy Am|H$ma Amh{g hUO{ Vy doH$ d d`o$H$ ApVdmMm d OmoUd{Mm [amdmUr`m AVrV Agm CJ_ Amh{g. Vg{M OmoUd{Mm oZ`Vmhr Amh{g. Am|H$ma$[r, WiH$mimVrb d $[JwUmVrV Aem Vwbm gXd Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 958) [U: $& [Um` Z_: $& hUO{ odmVrb `{H$ KQ>Z{Mr gw`m{` [VrZ{ `dWm bmdUmam `m{` Vr X{dK{d H$aUmam. doH$ KQ>Zm_`{ F$U-YZ, am-oXdg, CM-gIb, WS>-Ja_, Aem AZ{H$ H$ma`m KQ>ZmM{ _mU oZoV H$aUmam AmoU gm_moOH$ [mVirda [m[-[w`, Xw:I-gwI, gmZ-XwOZ, gHw$oMV-odemb dJa|M{ _mU oZoV H$aUmamhr VyM Amh{g. d`o$H$ [mVirdahr gd ^md-^mdZmM{ _mU gwoZ`oV H$aUmamhr VyM Amh{g. odmM{, g_mOmM{ d `$sM{ gd Vamda AmoU gXmgdXm `dWm[Z H$aUm`m Vwbm ^$s[ydH$ XS>dV Agm{V. _mU mUoZb`: mU^mUOrdZ: $& Vd VdodX{H$m_m O__`wamoVJ: $& 959) _mU $& _mUm` Z_: $& _mU hUO{ AmYma, [wamdm. `m`m ApVdmbm [wamdm hUyZ Om{ dV:M Amh{ AmoU odm`m ApVdmMr Iar Am{iI (_mU) `m`m[mer AgV{ Agm Vy Amh{g. Vy ApVdmM{ ApVd Amh{g. OmoUd{`m j{mV [mhVm d{X (Am_kmZ ) O{ g[yU odm`m ApVdmM{ _mU Amh{V, Vy Amh{g. A` Q>m [mhVm odmVrb `{H$ ]m] `m{` _mUmV gVwobV R>{dUmamhr VyM Amh{g `m_wi{hr Vwbm _mU hUU{ g`wo$H$ Amh{. Vwbm odZ_ dXZ Agm{. _mU 960) mUoZb`: $& mUoZb`m` Z_: $& mUmMm CJ_. _yi dgoVWmZ. mU, A[mZ, `mZ, g_mZ, CXmZ h{ [mM mU ghZ{ && 258 && 259. doUb{ OmVmV. earam` gX^mVrb h{ mU Vw`mVM CJ_ [mdVmV d AVr Vw`mVM odb` [mdVmV. Vg{M odm_`{ Om{ dm`y Amh{ d BVa _hm^yV{ AmoU `mM{ H$m` Amh{ `mMmhr CJ_ d AV Vw`mVM Amh{. Aem Vh{Z{ gd KQ>ZmMm d mUmMm (OrdZ, MV`) CJ_ d AV `m`m R>m`r Amh{ d Om{ dV: H$mbmVrV Amh{ Aem Vwbm gmXa oU[mV Agm{V. 961) mU^V $& mU^V{ Z_: odmVrb gd Vw`mVyZ C[ hm{V{ AmoU AI{a Vw`mV odbrZ hm{V{ hUyZ mU^V. Vy gOrdm`m OrdZmVrb gd oH$`m H$$Z K{Umam mUmMm oZ`Vm Amh{g. Vg{M mUmM{ [m{fUhr H$aUmam Amh{g. gdgmmYre d gdk Aem Vwbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 962) mUOrdZ: $& mUOrdZm` Z_: $& m`mM{ mU$[r OrdZ Agb{bm. d{J`m >rZ{ [moh`mg Vy mUmMm CXJmVm, [m{qeXm d oZ`Vm Amh{g AmoU mUmMmhr mU Amh{g. mUmM{ OrdZ Amh{g. mUe$s`mma{ Vy m`mZm `mM{ OrdZ X{Vm{g d _Zw`mZm `mM mUe$s`m oZ`_Zm`m ma{ Am_kmZmrM{ _mJ XmIdVm{g. I`m A_a OrdZmM{ _hmma CKSy>Z X{Vm{g. Vwbm H$Vk Um_ Agm{V. 963) Vd $& Vdm` Z_: $& odmM{ AodZmer gmaVd. gm`m ApVdmM{ AodZmer d pW`VamVrV emV AmoU g` Ag{ gma Vy Amh{g. hUyZM ]mH$s gma{ H$mhr Agma Amh{ Ag{ hUVmV. gdd Vw`mMaUr brZ amhm{. 964) VdodV $& VdodX{Z_: $& dV: Vd Ag`mZ{ VdmM{ g[yU kmZ EH$dmZ{, EH$m_V{Z{ AgUmam. VdmM{ W_ VrM{ _yi kmZ Agb{bm VyM Am kmZr Amh{g, gdk Amh{g, AmV_ Vdk Amh{g. Vw`m ^$mZmhr Ag{ kmZ X{Um`m gXJw$[r Vwbm gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 965) EH$m_m: $& EH$m_Z{ Z_: $& EH$ Am_m. OmoUd{`m gd gVamgohV g[yU odm`m AV]m gd H$mhr pW`VamVrV d H$mbmVrV AdW{Z{ `m[Umam d gmYyZ R>{dUmam odmVrb EH$Vm AIS>Vm `mMm Am _ybmYma Vy Amh{g. AZ{H$ $[m`m dV:`m AmodH$mamVyZ ghZ{ && 259 && 260. (]kmZr `m{Jr ^$mZm d `m`m ma{ BVamZm) oMaVZ EH$dmMm haKS>r gmjmH$ma X{Umam odmMm EH$_{d Am_m-[a_m_m, Vy Amh{g. gd Am`mMm EH$_{d [a_m_m Vy Amh{g. AZ{H$ Am`mZm odO{Mr C[_m X{Vm `{Bb. Bb{Q>mg o^ Agb{ Var drO hr o^dm`m d{J`m [na_mUmda, Ao^M AgV{. Vwbm _mP{ odZ_ dXZ Agm{. 966) O__`wOamoVJ: $& O__`wOamoVJm` Z_: $& O_, _`y d dmY`m`m AVrV Agm. C[mr-pWVr Zme, O_-OrdZ- Oam _`y, OmoUd{Mm Zme Aem gd pW`Vam`m AVrV Aearar AmoU AOam_a H$mbmVrV ApVdmZ{ AgUmam Vy Amh{g. Vw`m H$[{Z{ Vw`m `m AdW{_`{ VwP{ ^$hr oMaVZ[U{ amhVmV. hUyZM V{ X{h]wrey` AgVmV AmoU Ow`m H$[S>m_mU{ hgV earamMmhr `mJ H$$ eH$VmV. Vwbm d Vw`m ^$mZm Z_ Ao^dmXZ Agm{. ^y^wd:dVVma: go[Vm o[Vm_h: $& `km{ `k[oV`dm `kmJm{ `kdmhZ: $&& 967) ^y^wd: dV: $& ^y^wd: dVad{ Z_: $& oVhr bm{H$ `m[Umam doH$ djmMm OrdZag. ^y, ^wd: d d: m OmoUd{`m VrZ [mV`m Amh{V. m gkmZm `moV hUVmV. doH$ `kH$Vm`m $[mV OmoUd{`m gd [mV`m (`moV) `m[Um`m _m`m ghm`mZ{ Vy `k H$aVm{g, Aer gmW H$[Zm H{$b{br Amh{. _oWVmW Agm H$s Apmdm`m AmoU OmoUd{`m gd`m gd VamZm gXmgdXm `m[yZ AgVm{g AmoU ^$mZm VwPr A_a MrVr X{Vm{g, Aod{VyZ Vm$Z Z{D$Z `mZm Am_kmZmdW{V H$m`_ H$aVm{g. Vwbm AIS> Z_Z Agm{. 968) Vma: $& Vmam` Z_: $& Vm$Z Z{Umam. VwP{ ApVd VabV_ Amh{. `m_wi{ oZdmV [m{H$ir Og{ _mVrM{ H$U em{fyZ K{V{ `m_mU{ Vy `$s`m OmoUdm Aodm em{fyZ K{Vm{g AmoU `$sbm Vw`m_mU{M [m{H$i (VabV_) ]ZdVm{g. Vy Ar_mU{ Amh{g. Vw`m g[H$mV `{Um`m `$sZm Vy kmZm`m dmim XmZ H$$Z kmZmo ]ZdVm{g. Vy MV`_` Mw]H$ Amh{g. Vw`m Mw]H$dmZ{ ^$mZm Vy MV`mM{ Mw]H$ ]ZdVm{g. VabV_ Ag`mZ{ ^$mM{ OS>d KmbdyZ Vy `mZm Vz[ ]ZdVm{g, gdgmmYre ]ZdVm{g. Vy `mZm _m`{`m ^mdmVyZ dmMdVm{gM [aVw BVamZm _m`{VyZ Vm$Z Z{`mMr _hmZ e$shr `mZm XmZ H$aVm{g. Vw`m MaUr H$Vk XS>dV Agm{V. ghZ{ && 260 && 261. 969) godVm $& god{ Z_: $& go[Vm $& go[{ Z_: $& gm`m odmMm o[Vm. `mZ{ gOZerb Ag{ od C[ H{$b{ Vm{ gm`m odmMm o[Vm (gJwU $[mVrb ]X{d) Vy Amh{g. gOrd, oZOud AmoU OmoUdm`m gd Vamdarb gd gOZerbV{Mm o[Vm Vy Amh{g. H$mQw>o]H$ OrdZm_`{ `mM{M oVq]] [Sy>Z o[VX{dm{ ^d d _mVX{dm{ ^d m H$[Zm $T> Pm`m. _mVd AmoU o[Vd `mVyZ BadmMr AmR>dU H$aU{ h{ m H$[Zm_Yrb V` A`V _hdmM{ Amh{. Vwbm AIS> Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 970) o[Vm_h: $& o[Vm_hm`Z_: $& odm`m o[`mMm (]X{dmMm) o[Vm. gOZerbV{`m CJ_mMm CJ_ Amh{g h{ Vw`m gJwU $[m_`{ [>[U{ XmIdb{b{ AgV{. d{J`m >rZ{ [moh`mg Vw`m A$mQ>, A_`mX, H$mbmVrV ApVdmM{ AmH$bZ AoYH$moYH$ AMyH$ hmd{ `mgmR>r eXmM{ C[`m{OZ H$aUm`m kmdVmZr Vwbm o[Vm_h hQ>b{ Amh{. AmUIr EH$ H$ma{ [moh`mg Vy H Yr O_V Zmhrg d O_V Zmhrg hUyZ d gd`m[r Ag`mZ{ od Vy, odmMm o[Vm Vy AmoU o[`mMm o[Vmhr Vy Amh{g. d{Ji`m >rZ{ [moh`mg `$s`m _mVm o[`mMm ([ydOmMm) o[Vm ]X{d hm o[Vm_h hUyZ `mMm o[Vm Vy, o[Vm_h Amh{g. Vwbm ^o$^md[ydH$ Z_Z Agm{. 971) `k: $& `km` Z_: $& `k. eareamMm Y_ H$Vr Amh{. O{hm EH$mXr H$Vr Vw`m _aUmV, Vw`m g{d{V, Vwbm g_o[V hm{D$Z, AmoU Vw`mM gH$[m`m ogroedm` A` H$m{UVrhr ^mdZm (Amem-A[{jm) Z R>{dVm KS>V{ (Vw`m H$[{Z{) V{hm `m H$Vrbm `k hUVmV d `m H$VrM{ d$[ Wi H$mimZwgma o^ Agb{ Var `m H$Vr_`{ Vy AgVm{g. hUyZ Vwbm `k hUVmV. A` Q>m [moh`mg `mbm OmUU{ `m{`, AmoU gVm{fH$mar AgV{ AmoU `m`m MaUr dV:bm g_o[V H$aU{ hUO{ OrdZmM{ gmWH$ AgV{ d Om{ dV: Aem g_[UmMm H$Vm AgVm{ d g_[UmMr oH$`m (`k) AgVm{ `m Vw`m `m gd $[mV ^{X Zmhr hUyZhr Vwbm `k hUVmV. g[yU odmbm Am_kmZm`m l{> oH$`{V Z{`m`m (Vwbm g_o[V hm{`m`m) doH$ `kmMm H$Vm d doH$ `k$[ VyM Amh{g hUyZhr Vwbm `k hUVmV. Vwbm _mP{ AIS> dXZ Agm{. 972) `k[oV: $& `k[V`{ Z_: $& `kmMm dm_r. odm_H$ ^mdZ{Z{, odH$`mUH$mar Aem Vw`m CXmm gH$[mV gdVm{[ar PQ>VmZm eara, ^mdZm, _Z d ]wr g_o[V H$a`m`m oH$`{bm ghZ{ && 261 && 262. `k hUVmV. Aem H$ma{ EH$ `{D$Z H{$`m OmUm`m `kmMm H$Vm H$aodVm AmoU dm_r Vy Amh{g. Aem `kmMm [a_m{ AZw^d C[^m{JUmamhr VyM Amh{g. hUyZ Vwbm (`kajH$) `k[oV: hUVmV. Vwbm _mP{ AIS> dXZ Agm{. 973) `dm $& `dZ{ Z_: $& `k H$aUmam. `kmMm `O_mZ. Vw`m gH$[mZwgma VZ-_Z-YZ A[yZ dV:Mm AhH$ma, ]wr, Amem-AmH$mjm, emarnaH$ JaOm gd H$mhr g_o[V H$$Z H$m` (`k) H$aUma{ O{ ^$, `m{Jr, kmZr, oZH$m_ H$_dra Amh{V V{ gd VwP{M AmodH$ma Amh{V. hUyZ Vwbm `dm (`kmMm `O_mZ) hUVmV. ^$, ^$s d X{d EH$ `{`mMm EH$m_ Ag`mMm hm [a_m{ jU hUO{ AZV H$miM{ g` hm{`. Vw`m MaUr _mP{ odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 974) `kmJ: $& `kmJ` Z_: $& (`k d) `kmVrb AmhVr (`kmMr gmYZ{) `mM{ Ad`d Amh{V Agm. odmMm Am_kmZmrMm dmg hm _hmZ `k (Vy) AgyZ m `kmMm `O_mZhr VyM Amh{g. `kmVrb gmoh` (od) Vd$[r g_ag hm{V Ag`mZ{ V{ VwP{M Ad`d Amh{V. g_mO d `$s`m gX^mVhr O{ O{ odH$`mUm`m gH$[m_`{ g_o[V hm{V (Vw`m H$[{Z{) V{ V{ VwPmM ^mJ ]ZV. `mM AWmZ{ g`gH$[mV H$m_r `{Um`mZm draJVr, l{> JVr m hm{V{ Ag{ hUVmV. gH$m`mV ggH$[mV (Vw`m H$[{Z{) dV:M{ gdd Vw`m MaUr A[U H$aUma{ Aod{[mgyZ _w$ hm{D$Z VwP{M AJ ]ZVmV. [U h{ gma{ hUO{ VwP{M $[ Ag`mZ{, Vwbm `kmJ hUVmV. Vw`mMaUr _mP{ gmXa Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 975) `kdmhZ: $& `kdmhZm`Z_: $& `kmMm dmhH$. `koH$`m Cm_ Vh{Z{ ogrg Z{Umam VyM Amh{g. gdm{m_ gH$[mV (Bar gH$[mV) g_[U dmrZ{ H{$b{`m Hw$eb H$VtMm Iam H$maH$ AmoU `mZm `m{` odH$`mUmM{ $i X{Umam AmoU H$Vr (`k) h{M dmhZ H$$Z ^$ X`m_`{ AdVaUmam VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ oZaVa bm{Q>mJU Agm{. `k_X `kH$X `kr `k^wJ `kgmYZ: $& `kmVH$X `kJw__mX Ed M $&& 976) `k^V $& `k^V{ Z_: $& `kmMm oZ`Vm d ajH$. Ad`o$H$V{Z{ oZdmW[U{ g_[U ^mdZ{Z{ H{$b{`m ghZ{ && 262 && 263. H$V`H$_mMm CXJmVm, emVm, oZ`Vm AmoU ajH$ VyM Amh{g. oH$Vrhr _m{R>{ H$m` Agm{ d H$m{U`mhr h{VyZ{ H{$b{b{ Agm{ `mMm H$Vm H$aodVm VyM AgVm{g h{ oH$mbm]moYV g` Amh{. Vwbm _mP{ odma dXZ Agm{. 977) `kH$V $& `kH$V{ Z_: $& `k H$aUmam d `k Z> H$aUmam. doH$ [mVirda EH$mH$ma{ [mhVm odmbm VwPr [oMVr `{U{ hm `k H$a`mMm Va Aodm-_m`mO` odnZo_Vr hm `k g[od`mMm H$ma hm{`. d`o$H$ [mVirda Aod{Mm Zme H$$Z kmZm{X` KS>dU{ hm `k `edr[U{ H$a`mMm Va Aodm-_m`{`m _m{hmV `$sbm T>H$bU{ hm `k Z> H$a`mMm ^mJ hm{`. gmZmMm `k `edr H$aUmam d XwOZmMm `k Z> H$aUmam Ag{hr Vwbm hUVmV. Vwbm _mP{ odZ_ oU[mV Agm{V. 978) `kr $& `okZ{ Z_: $& `kmgh AgUmam. Vw`m MaUr (Am_$[r) gd H$mhr A[U H$aU{ hm gdl{> `k hm{`. `kmMm ^m{$m AmoU Iam H$Vm H$aodVm Ba hm{`. Aem doH$ qH$dm d`o$H$ [mVirdarb oVH$m_H$ oH$`{M{ AmoU gd [mV`mdarb (`mdhmnaH$) H$`mUmM{ EH$ $[ hUO{ Vew odoYdV `kHw$S>moX-V[UmoX gd ]m]tgh _K{mf[yU `k hm{`. dkmoZH$mZm [yU[U{ AmH$bZ Pmb{`m dm Z Pmb{`m MrVr`m gmYZmZr `w$ Aem `km_`{ Vy Z{h_rM [moR>amIm AgVm{g. Vwbm _mP{ ^o$[ydH$ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 979) `k^wH$ $& `k^wO{ Z_: $& `k ^m{JUmam. `kmMm H$Vm d ^m{$m Vy Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ gmXa Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 980) `kgmYZ: $& `kgmYZm` Z_: $& `kmM{ gmYZ. ghm`. Vw`m gH$[mV ddmMm `mJ H$$Z _ybV: Vw`m H$[{Z{M H{$b{`m YS>[S>rMm (`kmMm) oZaVa ghm`H$ VyM Amh{g. `m`m `emM{ [na[yUV{M{ gmoh` Vy Amh{g. `mbm m hm`M{ d `mMr MrVr `m`M{ Cm_ gmYZ `k Amh{ Aem Vwbm gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 981) `kmVH$V $& `kmVH$V{ Z_: $& hUO{ [yUmhVr e{dQ>Mr AmhVr. `km`m e{dQ>r gd gHw$oMV dmWu H$[ZmMr, BN>mMr, AmdS>rMr, JaOmMr [yU AmhVr A`V H$iH$irZ{ AmoU ^mdZm{H$Q>V{Z{ AmdmhZ H{$b{`m Zmam`Um`m MaUr A[U H$am`Mr AgV{. g[yU g_[Um`m ghZ{ && 263 && 264. ZVa VjUr Zmam`U AdVaVm{ hUyZ Vwbm `kmVH$V hQ>b{ Amh{. Vw`mMaUr _mP{ V gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. 982) `kJw_ $& `kJwm` Z_: $& `kmMm h{Vy, d$[,, $i, H$Vm, ^m{$m m gd gX^mVb{ Jwo[V Vy Amh{g. eara$[r `kHw$S>, OmUrd$[r Ar AmoU _m`m _m{h AhH$ma$[r ` `mZr ]`k hm{Vm{. `kmM{ gd H$mhr, VwPmM AodH$ma Amh{. `m_wi{ V{ gd JyT> d AZmH$bZr` Amh{. A` Q>m `kmma{ o_id`mM{, OmU`mM{ AZw^d`mM{ _hmZ ah` (`m`m]b gd odmbm H$iV-ZH$iV CH$R>m AgV{) V{ Vy Amh{g. Vwbm eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 983) A_ $& Am` Z_: $& A. [m{fU. g[yU odmbm AV]m M{VZm X{Umam d AmYma X{Umam hUyZ Vwbm gm`m odmM{ A hQ>b{ Amh{. mUVdm`m $[mZ{ Vy gOrdmZm OrdZ$[r A X{Vm{g. Vy Ag{ (Am_kmZ$[r) A Amh{g H$s O{ Hw$Umbmhr oH$Vrhr _mUmV (^$s H$$Z) K{D$Z OmVm `{V{ d Varhr H$Yrhr V{ H$_r hm{V Zmhr d Z{Umam V hm{V Zmhr. (Wm{S>m d{J`m AWu, od Vw`m_`{ odbrZ hm{V{ hUyZ od `mM{ A Amh{ Agm Vy Amh{g.) Vw`mMaUr _mP{ gm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 984) AmX: $& AmXm` Z_: $& A K{Umam, ImUmam, C[^m{JUmam. doH$, gm_moOH$ AmoU d`o$H$ OmoUdm AmoU H$Vr`m gd [mV`mdarb gd H$mhr `m`m d$[r odbrZ hm{V{ Agm Vy Amh{g. d`o$H$ [mVirda, ""A ], agm{ odUy:, ^m{$m X{dm{ _h{a:'' `m dMZm_mU{ Vy AMm drH$maH$Vm d ^m{$m AgVm{g. Vwbm _mP{ gm>mJ Um_ Agm{V. Am_`m{oZ: d`OmVm{ dImZ: gm_Jm`Z: $& X{dH$sZXZ: >m ojVre: [m[ZmeZ: $&& 985) Am_`m{oZ: $& Am_`m{Z`{ Z_: $& dV:`m O_mM{ dV:M H$maU Agb{bm. `m{Zr `mMm AW CJ_. A` Hw$Um[mgyZ Om{ O_Vm{ (V`ma hm{Vm{) `m`m O_`mM{ H$maU d CJ_ XmIdVm `{Vm{. Vy Hw$Um[mgyZhr O_b{bm Zg`mZ{ VwPm CJ_ d Vw`m O_mM{ H$maU X{Vm `{V Zmhr. VyM dV:`m C[mrM{ H$maU Amh{g, A` H$mhrhr Vw`m C[mrM{ Zmhr. (H$maU ghZ{ && 264 && 265. gd H$mhr Vw`m[mgyZ ]Zb{b{ Amh{.) Vwbm _mP{ odZ_ dXZ Agm{. 986) d`OmV: $& d`OmVH$m` Z_: $& dV:M dV:Mm O_XmVm AgUmam d dV:[mgyZ dV: O_Umam, C[ hm{Umam. `mMm H$Vm, H$_ d oH$`m EH$$[ Amh{V Agm Vy Amh{g. Vwbm Z_ Z_Z Agm{. 987) dImZ: $& dImZm` Z_: [dr $mS>Umam. `mVyZ damh AdVmamH$S>{ gH{$V H$b{bm Amh{. [dr _m{R>m oeVm$sZ{ $mSy>Z gy_ d Vab Aem oha`mjmbm (`mZ{ odmVrb g_mJu _y`{, Am_kmZmoY>rV _y`{ g[d`mMm `Z H{$bm hm{Vm) Z> H$aUmam hUO{ damh$[r Vy hm{`. `mMm VmpdH$ AW earamV d{e H$$Z OS>d $mSy>Z V_m{JwU $m{Sy>Z, H$m[yZ Aodm-X{h]wr-_m`m-AhH$ma$[r oha`mjmMm Zme H$aUmam Agm Amh{. Vwbm _mP{ oZaVa oU[mV Agm{V. 988) gm_Jm`Z: $& gm_Jm`Zm` Z_: $& gm_d{XmM{ Jm`Z d Jm`Z H$aUmam. odoe> Cma, Amam{h, Adam{h, Om{a, b`, Vmb B`mXr H$ma{ _ hU`mMr [V OJmVrb ]hV{H$ Adb gH$Vt_`{ AmT>iV{. g[yU _mmgWm, _{Xy, odMma, dmVmdaU `mV C`Z hm{D$Z `$sMr od^yVr d [drMm dJ ]Zd`mMr hr gmYZ{ Amh{V. gm_d{XmM{ d BVa d{XmM{hr Jm`Z hm `mMmM ^mJ Amh{. Am_kmZmMm hm _mJ (gm_d{X) VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ odZ_ Um_ Agm{V. 989) X{dH$sZXZ: $& X{dH$sZXZm` Z_: $& X{dH$sMm [w. X{dH$sMm [w AmR>dm AdVma-`mbm [yUmdVma hUVmV - lrH$U VyM Amh{g. VyM Vw`m brbmZr X{dH$s`m X`mbm AmhmX X{Umam Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. 990) >m$& Q>{ Z_: $& g>rMm oZ_mVm. gOZerbV{gH$Q> AmoU oV^{`m A`wH$> AmodH$mamgH$Q> ZdZdm{_{femobZr ]hgdm H$Vr aMUmam (]X{d h{ gJwU$[) VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ ^md[yU dXZ Agm{. ghZ{ && 265 && 266. 991) ojVrj: $& ojVrjm` Z_: $& [drMm dm_r. [drVd-g>r `m gdmMm dm_r VyM Amh{g. [drM{ Xw:I haU H$aUmam, oVbm Vx[V{H$S>{, A_a MV`mH$S>{ Z{Umam VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ oeagm>mJ XS>dV Agm{V. 992) [m[ZmeZ: $& [m[ZmeZm` Z_: $& [m[ Z> H$aUmam. VyM ^$mZm Vw`m qMVZmMr, ^OZmMr, gH$sVZmMr, Vw`m g{d{Mr, Vw`m A`mgmMr, em{YmMr ]wr X{Vm{g. {aUm X{Vm{g. `m`m AV`m_r amhZ `mZm Am_$[mM{ _aU X{Vm{g d `mM{ [m[ Z> H$$Z `mZm oMaVZ Agm Am_gmjmH$ma X{Vm{g. Vwbm _mP{ H$Vk Ao^dmXZ Agm{. eI^XH$s MH$s emJYdm JXmYa: $& aWmJ[moUajm{`: gdhaUm`wY: $&& 993) eI^V $& eI^V{ Z_: $& eI YmaU H$aUmam. gJwU $[mV Vy [mMO` eI YmaU H$aVm{g. hm [mMO` eI hUO{ ([mMm[mgyZ O_b{bm) `$sMm AhH$ma hm{`. H$maU [mM kmZo`mma{ hm{Um`m gd{XZm/kmZmVyZM _Z d AhH$ma V`ma hm{Vm. BW{ AhH$ma `mMm AW Jd, _X, _mO, _mOm{ar, AmT>Vm B.Zh{. AhH$ma hUO{ gHw$oMV _r[Um, dV:M{ eara, ]wr, H$[Zm, [nadma dJa{ hUO{ [yUg` Ag`mgmaI{ dmQ>U{, Vy gdmV`m_rMm gdeo$_mZ gdg_md{eH$ emdV oZ`Vm Ag`mZ{ Vy Aem eImMm YmaUH$Vm Amh{g. ^$X`mZm h{ [> OmUdV{ hUyZ g[yU H$V}[Um Vw`mH$S>{ Ag`mM{ V{ OmUVmV. Vw`m gJwU AdVmamVyZhr, O{W{ Vy eara d Vm` `o$d YmaU H$aVm{g, h{M d{J`m Vh{Z{ MrVrg `{V{. Vwbm _mP{ godZ` Ao^dmXZ Agm{. 994) ZXH$s $& ZXoH$Z{ Z_: $& ZXH$ Vbdma YmaU H$aUmam. ZXH$ Vbdma hr Am_kmZ ("AgJe') Amh{. Am_gmjmH$mar kmZ_` VbdmarZ{ AkmZmMr ImS>m{ir H$aUmam AWmM{ _yi H$m[Umam d ^$mZmhr V{M gm_` X{Umam VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ gXd Um_ Agm{V. 995) MH$s $& MoH$U{ Z_: $& MH$ YmaU H$aUmam. Vy gwXeZ MH$ YmaU H$aVm{g `mMm AW _Z Agm K{Vbm OmVm{. `$sM{ "_Z' VyM YmaU H$arV Ag`mZ{, Vy H$m{U`mhr jUr V{ Z> H$$ eH$Vm{g. VwP{ MH$ h{ Am`wY H$YrM dm`m OmV Zmhr H$maU Vy MH$m`m $[mZ{ `$s`m ghZ{ && 266 && 267. H$VrM{ H$maH$ Ag{ oVM{ _ZM Vw`m hmVr AgV{. `mbm Vy Hw$R>{hr didy eH$Vm{g, `mMm Zmehr H$$ eH$Vm{g. emarnaH$ Q>m g[yU _mmgWm AmoU oVM{ H$m` (O{ _ZmMm emarnaH$ [m`m Amh{) d `m{J Q>m ghMH$mgohV fQ>MH$mMm Or Am_mZw^yVrM{ _mJ Amh{V - `mZmhr Vy YmaU H$aVm{g. `m gd dUZmMm _oWVmW Agm H$s Vy H$Yrhr - Hw$Umbmhr ^mdr[U{ gHw$oMV _ZmMm odb` H$$Z Am_XeZ X{D$ eH$Vm{g. hUyZ `m MH$mbm gwXeZ MH$ hUVmV. Vwbm _mP{ oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 996) emJYdm $& emJYpdZ{ Z_: emJ h{ YZw` YmaU H$aUmam. h{ YZw` hUO{ oMm hm{`. m`m EH$mJV{Z{M (AMwH$V{Z{ Z{_ Y$Z) `$s (Am_m) dd$[mbm m hm{V{. Vw`mMaUr _mP{ gm>mJ Z_Z Agm{. 997) JXmYa: $& JXmYam` Z_: $& H$m_m{XH$s JXm YmaU H$aUmam. ]wr$[r JX{`m ghm`mZ{ gd ^_, AkmZ, Aodm Xya H$aUmam VyM Amh{g. ( ]wr`mM e$sZ{ ]wr`m _`mXm [> hm{D$ eH$VmV.) `m_wi{ Am_mam_ Ba `$s`m AV`m_r `$sMr ]wr$[r JXm [maOyZ H$m`aV AgVm{ d `$sbm Am_d$[mMm gmjmH$ma X{Vm{. Vwbm eVe: Z_H$ma Agm{V. 998) aWmJ[moU: $& aWmJ[moUZ{ Z_: $& aWMH$ YmaU H$aUmam. aWMH$ `mMm AW aWm`m MbZdbZmg ghm`^yV hm{Uma{ MH$. aW hUO{ `o$OrdZ. aWMH$ hUO{ O_-_`yM{ MH$. (gdVm{[ar `Z H$$Zhr e` Z Pm`mg) `$sbm Am_kmZ X{`mMm C[m` hUO{ O_- _`y`m MH$mMm dm[a hm{`. A` Q>m [moh`mg earambm aWMH$ hUVm `{Bb. H$maU `o$dmM{ dmhH$ V{M Amh{. ^$mM{ earahr Am_kmZ_mJu bmdUmam (H$_`m{J, hR>`m{J) d Am_kmZ X{Umam VyM Amh{g. Vwbm _mP{ H$Vk oU[mV Agm{V. 999) Ajm{`: $& Ajm{`m` Z_: $& H$Yrhr Z H$m{[Umam. jm{^, Xmh, gVm[, MrS> `{`mM EH$ _hdmM H$maU hUO{ dV:`m odmgmbm, l{bm, YmaU{bm VS>m OmU{. X{h]wr_wi{ _Zmbm OS>Vm `{V{. OS>V{_wi{ ]wr, ^mdZm, dmgZm `m`mgmR>r "AmgamWmZ{', "oZdmamWmZ{' bmJVmV. MmH$m{ar bmJV{. amOH$maU, AWH$maU, g_mOH$maU, Amam{`, oejU, VdqMVZ, H$m`, H$sS>m, Y_gXm`, odkmZ B`mXr gd j{mV "lmWmZ{' ghZ{ && 267 && 268. H$m{gibr H$s gmXmo`H$mMm jm{_ hm{Vm{. _yim[mgyZ ApVdmM{M CmQ>Z Pm`m_wi{ V{ AV]m T>diyZ oZKVmV. Vy AmoU Vw`m MrVrZ{ [wZrV Pmb{`mZm ]moH$, ^mdoZH$, dmgoZH$ dJa{ H$m{U`mhr H$maM{ OmS> ZgV{. WybVm ZgV{. `m_wi{ Vy d VwP{ ^$ d`^y, d`[yU AmoU dV AgVm. lmWmZm`m AVrV AgVm. ge` AmoU lm `m`m AVrV Ag`mZ{ Am_MrVrV emV AgVm. `m_wi{ Vy d VwP{ ^$ AdW H{$b{ OmD$ eH$V Zmhr. Vwbm d Vw`m ^$mZm _mP{ oZaVa dXZ Agm{. 1000) gdhaUm`wY: $& gdhaUm`wYm` Z_: $& gd Am`w Y moZfr AgUmam. gJw U mdVmamVrb Am`w Y m M { Vm[` h{ Am_gmjmH$ma oZJoS>V Amh{. _Z, ]wr, oMm, AhH$ma d hr _hmZ Am`wY{ dm[$Z ^$mZm Am_gmjmH$ma X{Umam Vy Amh{g. [ma[naH$ Q>m ZI{, X^, hH$ma, ldU, _aU B`mXr Am`wYmMmhr Am_gmjmH$mamMr MrVr X{`mgmR>r dm[a H$aUmam Vy Amh{g. Vw`m MaUr _mP{ eVe: gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. $bmrg]Yr ^r_mMm` d `woYo>a amOm `m`mVrb gdmXmM{ odb{fU d _oWVmW BVrX H$sVZr`` H{$ed` _hm_Z: ZmZm gh oX`mZm_e{f{U H$soVV_: $& ^r_ hUmb{, ""h{ amOm, ]m, odUy AmoU _h{e `mMm (O_, OrdZ, _`y d C[mr pWVr - odb` `m`m _hm{aUmMm) oZ_mVm Agm hm [a_{a Amh{. Xa H$[m`m AVamZ{ (R>amodH$ H$mimZ{) C[mr, pWVr, odb`m`m {aUm H$_r AoYH$ _mUmV C[ hm{D$Z odm{[mr, pWVr d odb`mM{ H$mbMH$ Mmby amhV{, Agm ogmV Amh{. C[mr d pWVr hr _m{R>r pW`Va{M hm{`. H$maU odb`m`m e{dQ>rhr od, ]rO$[mZ{ Bam`m R>m`r amh{. m BamM{ ApVd H$mimVrV d OmoUdm`m AVrV Amh{. Ag` VmaH$m g_yh, AmH$meJJm X{Irb `m`m am{_aYmV AmV ]mh{a H$aVmV, [aVw Ag{ KS>VmZmhr `m am{_aYmM{ ApVd ]wOV Zmhr. ApVdm`m AmoU OmoUdm`m [mVirdarb AmoU _mZd{Va `m{ZrVrb ApVdmZm (X{dX{dVm `j oH$a AmXr) X{Irb Am_gd$[ od_aU$[r [m[mVyZ _w$ H$aUmam hm _hm_m Amh{. m _hmZV_ gd}amMr oX` Aer ghZm_{ Vwbm `m`mM H$[{Z{ _m`mH$Sy>Z g_Obr. [a_{ambm gmjmH$mamgmR>r, MrVrgmR>r, oMaVZ AZwgYmZmgmR>r, ghZ{ && 268 && 269. Am_od_Vr`m [m[_w$sgmR>r, gdm} gm{er H$m`_M{ EH$$[ hm{`mgmR>r hr Zmd{ A`V C[`w$ Amh{V. `m_wi{ h{ Y_amOm ! h{ ghZm_Vm{ dmM`mg, gmJ`mg, qMVZ H$a`mg, A`mg H$a`mg, H$sVZ H$a`mg, O[ H$a`mg gdVm{[ar gdm}H$> Amh{, h{ ghZm_Vm{ [mR> H$a`mg, MMm H$a`mg, oeH$`mg `mMm Ame` g_OmdyZ K{`mg oeH$d`mg d `mMm Ame` g_OmdyZ X{`mg gdm}H$> Amh{. ` BX lUw`mo` `mo[ [naH$sV`{V $& Zmew^ mZw`mpH$oMgm{_w{h M _mZd: $&&2$&& ^r_mZr [wT>{ hQ>b{, ""`woYo>am, m ghZm_m`m qMVZ, [R>U ldUmZ{ Am_$[mMr (BamMr) MrVr `{V{. AV]m pW`Va hm{D$Z VabV_ AdWm m hm{V{. Am_gmjmH$ma hm{Vm{. gHw$oMV ApVdmMm d jw gwIXw:ImMm Zme hm{D$Z Bar ApVdmer d Bar gm{er EH$m_Vm m hm{V{ d AZw^dmbm `{V{. goXmZXmMm bm^ hm{Vm{. gd gwImda gmm m hm{V{ [U dIdI Z> hm{V{. Am_$[m`m od_aUmMm AZW Q>iVm{. O[ H$a`mg `m ghZm_mhZ l{> Agm A` H$m{UVmhr _ Zmhr.'' d{XmVJm{ ]mU: `mjo`m{ odO`r ^d{V $& d`m{ YZg_ `mNy>: gwI_dmZw`mV $&&3$&& H$mi `m_mU{ Hw$UmgmR>rhr H$_r qH$dm AoYH$ AgV Zmhr, `mM_mU{ m odUwghZm_ Vm{mMr _hVr gdmgmR>r gmaIrM Amh{. [aVw `m_mU{ H$mhr OUmH$Sy>Z H$mimMm A[`` H{$bm OmVm{ Va H$mhr OUmH$Sy>Z H$mimMm gXw[`m{J H{$bm OmVm{ `mM_mU{ ]oOkmgm, dralr, AWmH$mjm, oZdi gwImMr AmH$mjm B`mXr JwUm`m mXw^mdmZwgma ododY `$sZm `m ghZm__aUmZ{ d{Jd{Jir $bmr hm{V{. Ag{ hm{U{ oZoVM Bar `m{OZm Amh{. H$maU Aem [a[a[m{fH$ g_Vm{b gmYUm`m ododYV{oedm` odmM{ ApVd AmoU gw`m{` `dW{M{ oZaVad Ae` Amh{. gdmZm gmaIrM $bmr hm{`mMm A>mhmg R>{dU{ dV:`m jwH$ X{h]wr`m gm[`mV dV:bm AS>H$dyZ K{`mgmaI{ Amh{. g_mZVm d gm`m`m H$o_ g$sE{dOr Am_kmZO` odm_H$Vm J^Vm, gohUwVm, odm_H$Vm, oZ^`Vm `mM{ d`y$V d Cy$V AmodH$ma hd{ Amh{V. g_Vm, gm` dJa{ H$[Zm`m AVrV Agb{br dm`Vm AmodH$V hm{U{ AmO A`md`H$ AmoU gw`m{` Amh{. Bar H$[{Z{ Vg{ hm{Bb. `mZm ]wr H$_r Ag{b qH$dm odUwghZm_ g_OyZ K{U{ A` H$maUmZr O_V Zg{b `mZr h{ odUwghZm_ BVamH$Sy>Z g_OmdyZ ghZ{ && 269 && 270. K{Vb{ Var `mZm AmZX m hm{Bb. H$maU BW{ [moS>` dmT>d`mMm ZgyZ CbQ> jw AhH$mar ApVdmM{, [m{H$i VH$emmM{ d H$m{aS>m [moS>`mM{, C`Z H$a`mMm Amh{. `m ghZm_Vm{mM{ qMVZ, _ZZ, ldU H$aUm`mbm Oa gwImr Pmbr Zmhr qH$dm C{J, AdWVm dmQ>br Va `mM{ EH$_{d H$maU `m `$s_Yrb X{h]wr, Aodm, AhH$ma, `mMm MS> Om{a, h{M hm{`. Aem [napWVrV `mZ{ `mM{ ldU [R>U oMH$mQ>rZ{ Mmby R>{dmd{ AmoU oZ[h d oZahH$mar `$sH$Sy>Z V{ g_OmdyZ `md{. `m_wi{ Bar H$[m d H$`mU hm{BbM. `m odUwghZm_Vm{mZ{ gagH$Q> BN>m Agm{ dm Zgm{ gdmZr [R>U _ZZ H{$b{M [mohO{ Agm A>mhmg Zmhr. Bar H$[{Z{ `mZm V{ dmMmd{g{ dmQ>{b `mZr V{ dmMmd{. (X{h]wr`m Om{am_wi{) V{ dmMmd{g{ dmQ>V Zmhr `mZr (Bar H$[{Z{) Oa d O{hm H{$hm `mZm V{ dmMmd{g{ dm g_OmdyZ `md{g{ dmQ>{b V{hmM Vg{ H$amd{. BW{ MrVrMm d d{N>{Mm Amh{. g$sMm X]mdmMm qH$dm l{Mm Zmhr. odH$`mUH$mar H$mVr H$m{U`mhr Ao^oZd{emVyZ dm Amd{emVyZ Zh{, ]XwH$s`m ZirVyZ Zh{, Va Bar H$[{Z{ hm{Um`m d`y$V Aem Am_em{YmVyZ AmoU `m`mM H$[{Z{ hm{Um`m Am_kmZm`m AmodH$mamVyZ hm{Uma Amh{. odUwghZm_mVm{m`m dmMZ, _ZZmZ{, qMVZmZ{ Ag{ KS>{b hm oH$mbm]moYV Bar gH{$V Amh{. Y_mWu mZw`m__WmWu MmW_mZw`mV $& H$m_mZdmZw`mH$m_r OmWu MmZw`mOm_ $&&4$&& `m odUwghZm_m`m A`mgmZ{, `$sMm AmS>_wR>{[Um g[yZ brZVm `{V{. _Z Bar gH$[mMm drH$ma H$aV{. Bar gH$[mZwgma `m `m `$s`m ma{ Y_`dhma, AW`dhma, Y_ajU d AY_mM{ [mna[`, `m` amOH$s` emgZ, X{hdmgZm[yVug{dm, B`mXr AoV_V: bm{H$H$`mUH$mar H$m`} KSy>Z `{VmV. `m `m H$m`m_`{ `mZm `e m hm{V{. ^o$_m`:`: gXm{Wm` ewoMVXZV_mZg:$& gh dmgwX{d` ZmZm_{VH$sV`{V $&&5$&& (Bar H$[{Z{) ^$s_mZ [wfmZ{, (BamMr MrVr AmoU `m`m {_ d ^$sMr AZw^wVr K{Vb{`m [wfmZ{) [od AV:H$aUmZ{ (H$m{U`mhr gHw$oMV dmWmMm, h{VyMm bdb{ehr _ZmV Z R>{dVm g[yU g_[U ^mdZ{Z{) dmgwX{d _yVuM{ qMVZ H$$Z(gHw$oMV `o$_d, Aodm,X{h]wr `mMm ^md Xya H$$Z) gXJoXV _ZmZ{ (oZamg$ oZ[m[ {_^naV _ZmZ{) lr dmgwX{dmM{ (odUwM{) h{ ghZm_Vm{ Oa ododY _mJmZr (H$sVZmXr) BVamZm g_OmdyZ gmoJVb{ Va `mbm:- ghZ{ && 270 && 271. `e: mZm{oV od[wb kmoVmYm`_{d M $& AMbm ol`_mZm{oV l{`: mZm{`Zwm__ $&&6$&& (Bar gH$[mZw$[ `m`m hmVyZ KS>Um`m H$m`mbm) `e m hm{Bb. Vg{M g]oYV OZg_wXm`m_`{ (`m OZg_wXm`mM{ H$`mU gm` H$aUma{) A`mp_H$, dMmnaH$ d `mdhmnaH$ Z{Vd d _hd m hm{Bb AmoU Am_kmZ$[r H$`mUH$mar gmm d E{` (O{ gd H$`mUH$mar E{`m_`{ gdl{R> Amh{) m hm{Bb. Z ^` $oMXmZm{oV dr` V{O odXoV $& ^d`am{Jm{ woV_m]$[JwUmpdV: $&&7$&& h{ ghZm_ oZ`o_V E{H$`mZ{, dmM`mZ{, hQ>`mZ{, g_OmdyZ K{V`mZ{, [wZ: [whm qMVZmV-odMmamV-_ZZmV-_aUmV AmU`mZ{, Xwg`mg g_Omd`m Am_$[od_aU hm{`m[mgyZ d AodmO` Xw:I, I{X, Xw]i{[Um, Aghm`Vm, qMVm, ^rVr, _ga, d$` B`mXt[mgyZ _w$Vm m hm{V{. `mM_mU{ Ag{ H$aUmam AV]m ew, odmgm_H$, CXmm, V{Odr, Am{Odr, oZ[h, oZ^`, `m`r, gm_`dmZ kmZg[ AmoU dr`dmZ hm{Vm{. am{JmVm} _w`V{ am{JmX]m{ _w`{V ]YZmV $& ^`m_w`{V ^rVVw _w`{Vm[ Am[X: $&&8$&& (h{ odUwghZm_ _Z:[ydH$ bj X{D$Z dmM`mg Am_m, ]wr, _Z, AhH$ma, eara, ]m ^moVH$ [napWVr `m_`{ gVwbZ, gwoZ`oVVm, gwg]Vm, gwgyVm, oZ_mU hm{D$Z) am{J (am{JO` Xw:I{), ]Vm, (X{h]wr, Aodm-_m`m `m_wi{ d aO AmoU V_m{JwUm_wi{ m hm{Umar Jwbm_r), ^` (X{h]wr d Aod{_wi{ C[ hm{Um`m ^_m[mgyZ C[ hm{Uma{), `m[mgyZ gwQ>H$m hm{V{. Vg{M Am_gmjmH$mam_wi{ `$s`m ]m[napWVrda [naUm_ hm{D$Z Am[mr_`{ oIV[V [S>Um`mM{ g[yU OrdZ Am_kmZmo^_wI d d^d AmoU J^V{Z{ [na[yU ]ZV{. XwJm`oVVa `mew [wf: [wfm{m__ $& Vwdm_gh{U oZ` ^o$g_pdV: $&&9$&& oZaVa oZabgV{Z{ ^o$^md[ydH$ Oa `m odUwghZm_mM{ ldU-H$sVZ H{$b{ Va X`mV`m_r`m goXmZX [wfm{m_mH$S>{ H$m`_Mm Aml` o_iVm{ AmoU Aer MrVr `{V{. `m_wi{ Am_od_aU KS>dyZ AmUUm`m gd gH$Q>mVhr Am_$[mMm (BamMm) odga Z [S>`mM{ _m{R>{M d [a_mZXXm`r `e m hm{V{. dmgwX{dml`m{ _`m} dmgwX{d[am`U: $& gd[m[odewm_m `moV ] gZmVZ_ $&&10$&& ghZ{ && 271 && 272. (dmgwX{dm`m H$[{Z{) dmgwX{dmg [yUV`m eaU OmD$Z (AhH$mamMm `mJ H$$Z) dmgwX{dmr`W (BamMr g{dm hUyZ) dmgwX{dmMr H$_} (Bar gH$[mZw$[ H$m`) H$aUmam dmgwX{d_` Pmb{bm (gJwUmMm XmgmZwXmg Pmb{bm) _mUyg AodmO` dmgZm[mgyZ _w$ hm{D$Z emV, pW`VamVrV, Ad`o$H$, oZ`H$,VabV_ WiH$mimVrV, gdg_md{eH$ Ag{ O{ ] `m ]d$[r AT>iV{Z{ oMaH$mb pWa hm{Vm{. Z dmgwX{d^$mZm_ew^ odV{ $oMV $& O__`wOam`moY^` Zdm{[Om`V{ $&&11$&& dmgwX{dmM{ O{ ^$ Pmb{ `mM{ H$Yrhr H$mhrhr Aew^ hm{V Zmhr. O_, _`y, dmY`, am{J ^rVr B`mXr H$m{UVrhr Aew^ ]m] ^$m`m Wi H$mimVrV, ew^mew^mVrV, AOam_a ApVdm[`V H$Yrhr [m{My eH$V ZmhrV. B_ Vd_Yr`mZ: lm^o$g_mpdV: $& `w`{Vm_m gwIjmpVlrYoV_oVH$soVo^: $&&12$&& `m ghZm_m`m dmadma, oZ`o_V, gVV [R>UmZ{, ldUmZ{ d h{ g_OmdyZ K{`mZ{ `$s hiw hiw gHw$oMV, jU^Jwa, jw, X{h]wrO` odMma-^mdZm-dmgZm- AmMma `mVyZ _w$ hm{D$Z AoYH$moYH$ _mUmV gdg_md{eH$ Bamer oZJoS>V hm{V OmVmV d Bar gm_`mZ{ [na[yU hm{D$Z oZaVa ^Jd_aUmV (Am_kmZ - Am_mZwgYmZ) amh bmJVmV. m_wi{ `mM{ kmMjw CKS>V OmD$Z Am_$[mMm `mZm dmT>Vm `` `{D$ bmJVm{ V{, Am_mZX, Y`, Am_kmZmM{ oMaVZ gdl{> gmm_H$ d^d, emV gwI AmoU Vm` bm{H$m{ma H$m`m_wi{ o_iUmar gH$soV (H$m{UVrhr Im{Q>r ogr Z H$aVm, `m`m `{H$ H$VrMm B> [naUm_ Pmb{bm `j oXg`mZ{ qH$dm `m`m eXmVrb g`mMm oZ:ge` [S>Vmim Am`mZ{ Cy$V[U{ H{$br OmUmar egm, H$Xa) `mZr [na[yU hm{VmV. Z H$mYm{ Z M _mg` Z bm^m{ Zmew^m: _oV: $& ^dpV H$V[w`mZm ^$mZm [wfm{m_{ $&&13$&& H$m{Y, _ga, bm{^, Xwg`mbm(odZmH$maU qH$dm dmWmYV{Z{) N>i`mMr, bw]mS>`mMr Xw> ]wr `m[H$s H$mhrhr ^Jdd$[ Pmb{`m ^$m`m X`mV C[ hm{V Zmhr. (`m`m H$`mUH$mar OrdZmVyZ odH$`mUH$mar H$mVr AmodH$V hm{V{.) m: gMmH$Zjm I oXem{ ^y_hm{XoY: $& dmgwX{d` dr`}U odYVmoZ _hm_Z: $&&14$&& ghZ{ && 272 && 273. `woYo>am, `mM{ h{ ghZm_Vm{ Vwbm gmoJVb{ Vm{, M, gy`, Zj{, AmH$me, oXem, [dr, g_w, H$mi, OmUrd B`mXr gd H$mhr (EH$m_ kmZmZ{ d gdl{> gm{Z{) gw`m{` [VrZ{ oZ`oV H$aUmam gdl{> [a_m_m d gdl{> _hmdra dmgwX{d hm{`. ggwamgwaJYd g`jm{aJamjg_ $& OJe{ dVV{X H$U` gMamMa_ $&&15$&& `mM{ h{ ghZm_ Amh{ Vm{ hUO{ ApVdm`m d OmoUdm`m gd [mV`mdarb gd `m{Zr (X{d, X`, JYd, `j, amjg, g[ dJa{) `m`m dmYrZ Amh{V Agm ^JdmZ lrH$U hm{`. Bo`moU _Zm{ ]wo: gd V{Om{ ]b YoV $& dmgwX{dm_H$m`mh: j{ j{k Ed M $&&16$&& [mM H$_~o`{, [mM kmZ{o`{, _Z, ]wr, gd, Y`,]b, (oMm, AhH$ma, gd-aO-V_ JwU, [M_hm^yVm_H$) eara d h{ gd OmUUmam Ordm_m hUO{M j{k h{ gd H$mhr dmgwXdmM{M $[ (AodH$ma) Amh{. (`mM{ qMVZ (g` qMVZ) l{`H$a Amh{.) gdmJ_mZm_mMma: W_ [naH$[V{ $& AmMma^dm{ Y_m} Y_` ^wa`wV: $&&17$&& gd d{XemmM{ d Am_kmZ_mJXeH$ JWmM{, C$sM{, oeH$dUtM{ gdl{> gma qH$dm Y_mMm _wI gdmV _hdmMm ^mJ hUO{ ^Jm__aU AmoU gH$sVZ hm{`. Aem ^Jm__aU gH$sVZ$[r Y_mMm dm_r hUO{M (Am_$[r) A`wV hm{`. Am_kmZr bm{H$mMr (d{XemH$V}) oeH$dU Zm__aU. Zm__aUmMm dm_r, (Am_$[) A`wV. Zm__aUmMr [naUVr A`wV H$[m d A`wV mr, emV (Am_kmZ[yU pWVr), Am_kmZmMr [naUVr Cm_ AmMma hUO{M A``Z, A`m[Z, Zm_-gH$sVZ `mMm [naUm_ OJH$`mU. odUwghZm_mM{ h{ AZ`gmYmaU d ge`mVrV _hd Amh{. F$f`: o[Vam{ X{dm _hm^yVmoZ YmVd: $& OJ_mOJ_ M{X OJmam`Um{X^d_ $&&18$&& F$fr, o[Va ([ydO), [M_hm^yV{, ([dr, Am[, V{O, dm`w, AmH$me) gmV YmVw (ag,a$, _mg, _{X, ApW, _mm, ewH$), MamMa, gOrd, oZOud, h{ gd (Vg{M OmoUd{`m gd [mV`m d H$mi X{Irb) Zmam`Um[mgyZ C[ Pmb{b{ Amh{, Zmam`Ud$[ Amh{ AmoU Zmam`Um_H$hr (`mMm Am_m pW`VamVrV Zmam`U ghZ{ && 273 && 274. Amh{.) Amh{. `m{{Jm{ kmZ VWm gm` odm: oe[moXH$_ M $& d{Xm: emmoU odkmZ_{Vgd OZmXZmV $&&19$&& A>mJ, fS>mJ qH$dm gmJ `m{J, Am_mZm_, gmamgma, oMaVZ-jU^Jwa `mMm odMma d kmZ, gm` VdkmZ, Am_gmjmH$ma, Am_gmjmH$mam`m ododY _mJmM{ MrVr[yU oddaU, oe[H$b{gma`m H$bm, odmM{ g`H$ kmZ AmH$bZ H$a`m`m ododY [Vr d kmZ oH$`m d kmZ-odkmZ h{ gd H$mhr OZmXZm[mgyZ (lrH$U) odUy[mgyZ CX^dV{, odUy`m gm{Imbr AgV{. EH$m{ odUw_hX^yV [W^yVm`Z{H$e: $& rbm{H$m`m` ^yVm_m ^w{$ od^wJ``: $&&20$&& odUy h{ EH$M _yi _hm^yV AgyZ `m[mgyZ AZ{H$odY VhmZr AZ{H$ ^yV{ V`ma Pmbr. OmoUd{`m gd [mV`mZm (oVhr bm{H$mZm) `m[Um`m m ^yVm_H$ odmMm Am_dmZ{ C[^m{J K{Umam EH$_{d AodZmer pW`VamVrV Am_m odUy Amh{. B_ Vd ^JdVm{ odUm{`mg{Z H$soVV_ $& [R>{ BN>{[wf: l{`: mw gwImoZ M $&&21$&& gd od `m[Um`m d gm_mdUm`m od[Vr odUy M { h{ ghZm_ (lrd{X`mgmZr gmoJVb{ AgyZ) dV:`m d odm`m gdl{> emV gwImMr AmoU [a_m{ H$`mUmMr (Bamr/Am_gmjmH$ma) BN>m AgUm`mZr oZ`Z{_mZ{ [naerbZ H$amd{. od{a_O X{d OJV: ^dm``_ $& ^OpV `{ [wH$amj Z V{ `mpV [am^d_ $&&22$&& gm`m odmMr C[om-pWVr-odZme `m[mgyZAmh{, Vg{M gOZerb _hm{aU{Mm (]X{dmMm) Om{ o[Vm Amh{, O_XmVm Amh{, Vg{M O_aohV, kmZH$me_` d oMXmH$me$[r S>m{i{ Agb{bm Agm Om{ emV d pW`VamVrV Ba Amh{ `mM{ _aU, qMVZ, ^OZ, H$sVZ H$aUma{ ^JdV_` hm{VmV. `mZm A` JVr mr hm{V Zmhr. AOwZ CdmM $& [X_[odembmj [X_Zm^ gwam{m_ $& ^$mZm_Zwa$m_ mVm ^d OZmXZ $&&23$&& ghZ{ && 274 && 275. ^r_mZr `woYo>ambm [wT>{ hQ>b{, ""H$UmOwZ gdmXm_`{ AOwZ hUmbm, ""H$_bXbmgmaI{ Z{ Agb{`m, ^$mda H$[m H$aUm`m X{dmoYX{dm, [X_Zm^m, (X{h]wr-Aodm-_m`m-AkmZ-_m{hm[mgyZ) _mP{ H$[`m ajU H$a.'' lr ^JdmZwdmM $& `m{ _m Zm_gh{U Vm{Vwo_N>oV [mS>d $& gm{@h_{H{$Z bm{H{$Z VwV Ed Z ge`: $&&24$&& ""V{hm AOwZmbm C{fyZ lrH$U Cmab{, ""`m ghZm_mZr _mPr VwVr H$$ BpN>Um`mZ{ [wT>{ oXb{bm EH$ bm{H$ gVV hQ>bm Var `mMr VwVr (^$s), (`mMm Hw$Q>W [a_m_m Agb{`m) _m`m[`V [m{MV{.'' ^JdmZ lrH$UmZr Om{ bm{H$ gmoJVbm Vm{ Agm: ^m{@dZVm` gh_yV`{ $& gh[mXmojoeam{]mhd{ $& ghZmZ{ [wfm` emV{ $& ghH$m{Q>r`wJYmnaU{ Z_: $&&25$&& ""ghmdYr AmH$ma-H$mamZr (_yVuZr) AmodH$V hm{Um`m, g[yU odmVrb MamMam_H$ d gOrdm`m AJm{[mJm_H$ (ghmdYr [m` S>m{H$s, ]mh d Zmd) Agb{`m d ghH$m{Q>r `wJmMm CXJmVm, YmaUH$Vm, d oZ`Vm Agb{`m (pW`VamVrV emV) [a_l{> AmoX[wf AZVmbm [whm [hm Z_H$ma Agm{V.'' `m bm{H$m`m [wT>{ ^JdVm`m VwVr[a H$m` hUmd{ h{ ^r_ gmJVmV. Z_: H$_bZm^m` Z_V{ Obemo`Z{ $& Z_V{ H{$edmZV dmgwX{d Z_m{@VwV{ $&&26$&& Zm^r_`{ H$_i AgyZ [m`mVrb e{fmda [hS>b{bm Aem (gJwU $[mVrb) Vwbm, h{ H{$edm, dmgwX{dm, AZVm [whm [whm Z_Z Agm{. dmgZmmgwX{d` dmogV ^wdZ`_ $& gd^yVnZdmgm{@og dmgwX{d Z_m{@VwV{ $&&26$&& OmoUd{`m gd VamgH$Q> g[U MamMa od H{$di dmgwXdm`m_wi, dmgwXdm`m y { { { BN>{_wi{ ApVdmV Amh{. gd ApVdm`m AV]m gd AgUm`m dmgwX{dmbm gm>mJ oU[mV Agm{V. ^r_mMm` [wT>{ hUVmV : Z_m{ ]h`X{dm` Jm{]mUohVm` M $& OJmoVm` H$Um` Jm{qdXm` Z_m{ Z_: $&&28$&& ghZ{ && 275 && 276. ], ]k d ]W, JmB, [dr `m`m d odm`m ohVmr`W H$Umbm, Jm{qdXmbm gm>mJ Z_H$ma Agm{V. ^r_ `woYo>ambm odUyM{ gdm} _hd g_OmdVmZm [wT>{ hUVmV : AmH$mem[oVV Vm{` `Wm JN>oV gmJa_ $& gdX{dZ_H$ma: H{$ed oV JN>oV $&&29$&& AmH$memVyZ gd [S>Uma{ [mUr Og{ g_wmZm o_iV{ `mM_mU{ gd X{dmZm H{$b{bm Z_H$ma (H$m{U`mhr [yOm [VrZ{ H{$bm Var) EH$_{dmoVr` H{$edmbm [m{MVm{. Ed oZH$Q>H$: [Wm ` g[y`V{ hna: $& Hw$[W V odOmZr`mXJm{qdXaohVmJ__ $&&30$&& m oZH$Q>H$ _mJmZ{ harMr (Am_$[ BamMr) [yOm H$aUma{ gd Vh{`m Hw$_mJmda odO` o_idyZ (Bar H$[{Z{) oMaVZ ohV_` Jm{qdXmV (BamV-emV goXmZXmV) oOdV[Ur odbrZ hm{VmV. gdd{X{fw `[w` gdVrW}fw `$b_ $& V$b g_dmZm{oV Vwdm X{d OZmXZ_ $&&31$&& d{XmM{ (em{-XeZ{) [naerbZ, VrW`mm `m[mgyZ O{ $i o_iV{ (Am_kmZ) V{ gd (Am_gmjmH$ma) OZmXZm`m (Hy$Q>W Bam`m-Am_$[m`m) _aUmZ{, VwVrZ{ d ^$sZ{ m hm{V{. `m{ Za: [R>V{ oZ`_ oH$mb H{$edmb`{ $& oH$mb_{H$H$mb dm Hy$a gd `[m{hoV $&&32$&& Om{ Hw$Ur h{ ghZm_ am{O VrZXm, Xm{ZXm qH$dm EH$Xm gJwU _yVu`m goY (gJwUm{[mgZ{Mm AmYma K{D$Z) hU{b Vm{ gd ^`H$a Ana>m[mgyZ gwaojV amhrb. (H$maU Am_$[r pWa Pmb{`m `$sM{ ApVd WbH$mbmVrV gm_` Agb{b{ Ag{ AgV{.) Aem ApVdmH$S>{ `{Umar/Amb{br gd ^`mZH$ gH$Q>{ (_mVrM{ T>{Hy$i IS>H$mda w$Q>md{ `m_mU{) M$mMya hm{D$Z OmVmV. XV{ na[dV` gm`m: gd} gXm Jhm: $& odbr`V{ M [m[moZ Vd{ p_Z H$soVV{ $&&33$&& m odUyghZm_m`m VdZmZ{ AV]m gd ey (Aodm-_m`m-X{h]wr- Xw> e$s) OiyZ OmV. gd doH$ Xw[naUm_ $maM gm` hm{VmV d gd [m[{ (Am_d$[ od_aUO`) Z> hm{VmV, Agm Ag`mMm AZw^d Amh{. ghZ{ && 276 && 277. `{Z `mV: lwVm{ `{Z `{Zm` [R>V{ Vd: $& XmmoZ gdXmZmoZ gwam: gd} g_oMVm: $&&34$&& Om{ m ghZm_mM{ ldU, _ZZ, qMVZ, [R>U, gH$sVZ H$arb `mbm gd X{dX{dVm `mMrM [yOm H{$`m_mU{ g hm{D$Z H$[m H$aVrb. (H$maU oZgJmVrb gd H$ma`m e$s Am_$[ Bam`m AYrZ Amh{V.) ^r_mZr [wT>{ hQ>b{, ""lrH$U^JdmZ AOwZmbm hUmZ{: Bh bm{H{$ [a{ dmo[ Z ^` odV{ $oMV$&& ZmZm gh `m{@YrV{ mX`m __ goYm $&&35$&& mXerbmOm{ _m`m ZOrH$ amhZ (_m`m qMVZm_`{, g_[U ^mdZ{Z{) `m ghZm_mM{ `mZ H$arb `mbm OmoUd{`m d ApVdm`m H$m{U`mhr [mVirda (Vm{ A_a AmoU gd gm_`dmZ ]Z`m_wi{) H$m{UVrhr ^rVr g^dV Zmhr. eZXhoV [m[moZ H$[H$m{oQ>eVmoZ M $& AWgoYm [mW `mdm _Zog H{$ed_$ $&&36$&& (AOwZm), AW djmImbr ]gyZ H{$edmM{ (_mP{) qMVZ H$aUm`mMr H$m{Q>dYr [m[{ (AodmO`/Am_od_aUO`) hiy hiy Z> hm{VmV. mXer, JhmM{ [naUm_, JmBM{ _hd, AW djmM{ _Zw`mdarb [naUm_ h{ gd dkmoZH$ [VrZr AmoU X{h]wr`m AVrV OmD$Z S>m{ig dmrZ{ A`mgm`M{, AZw^dm`M{ odf` Amh{V.) [R>{m_gh Vw Jdm H$m{oQ>$b b^{V $& oedmb`{ [R>{o` VwbgrdZgpWV: $&&37$&& Vwier`m dZmVrb oedmb`m_`{ `m ghZm_mM{ [R>U H$aUm`mbm H$m{Q>r H$m{Q>r JmBXmZ H{$`mM{ [w` o_iV{. _oWVmW VwierM{ _hd R>gd`mMm Amh{, Vg{M JmBXmZ `mMm AW _m{R>mV _m{R>m `mJ Om{ gHw$oMV (X{h]wr-AodmO`) ApVdm`m ]{ S >m Vm{ S >`m_`{ A` V _hdmMm AgVm{ . `m_mU{ Am_gmjmH$mamM{ $i ghZm_Vm{mM{ [R>UmZ{ o_iV{ h{ R>gd`mM{ Amh{. (Vwig, ]{b B`mXtMm dmVmdaUmVrb [naUm_ h{ H$mhr _mUmV `m{Jog Amh{V [U X{h]wr`m AVrV OmD$ZM `mM{ Ia{ MrVr[yU kmZ hm{D$ eH{$b.) ^r_ `woYo>ambm hUmb{: Zam{ _wo$_dmZm{oV MH$[mU{dMm{ `Wm $& ]h`moXH$ Km{a gd[m[ odZ`oV $&&38$&& lrH$UmZr hQ>`m_mU{ OmoUd{`m gdmV Imb`m [mVirda Agb{`m ghZ{ && 277 && 278. gHw$oMV-Aodm[yU-X{h]wr[yU `$sbmhr `m ghZm_[R>UmZ{ ""_w$s hUO{M Ia{ dmV` o_iV{.'' Vg{M odb` `mpV [m[moZ Mm`[m[` H$m H$Wm $& gd[m[odoZ_w$m{ odUwbm{H$ g JN>oV $&&39$&& Aem Vh{Z{ gd [m[m[mgyZ (Am_od_VrO`) _w$s o_iyZ ghZm_ [R>U, _ZZ qMVZ, H$sVZ H$aUmam odUwbm{H$mbm OmVm{-^Jdd$[ hm{Vm{.'' (BoV lr__hm^maV{ eVgmh `m gohVm`m d`mog`m_mZwemgoZH{$ [doU XmZY_}fw ^r_`woYo>a gdmX{ lmodUm}oX`ghZm_Vm{_ g[yU lrH$Um[U_Vw.) lr _hm^maVmVJV-^r_`woYo>am`m gdmXmVb{ lr odUyM{ oX` ghZm_ Vm{ g[yU Pmb{ V{ [a_m_m lrH$Umbm A[U Agm{. ghZ{ && 278 &&