sanskrit slokas vol 4

83
With pranams from K.V,Ananthanarayanan, IRS, Addl Commissioner of Incometax, Trivandrum [email protected] mob 09446508855 1 devotion makes god out of stone न देवो �वदे के न नपाे मनणे भवे �ह �वदे देव न भवो �ह हाकचाकणननीतक na devo vidyate kāṣṭhe na pāṣaṇe na mṛṇmaye| bhāve hi vidyate devaḥ tasmād bhāvo hi kāraṇaṁ|| caaṇakyanītiśatakaṁ ന േദേവാ വിദ�െത കാഷെെ ന ാാെെ ന മഭാേവ ഹി വിദ�െത േദവ: തസാാ ഭാേവാ ഹി കാകെര It is futile to argue that god resides only in a piece of wood, or a part of a rock or a lump of clay. It is the mind of the devotee which attributes divinity to an idol made of wood, stone or clay. It is his devotion that is reflected by the idol. So the attitude of the mind is the cause of everything. The master implies that the idols are only symbols. True, but when millions of minds perceive sacredness in that idol the idol will definitely turn into God. -- 2water, the mother and physician ओनन् आनो पनह् अ�क घ ोण नणण तक णोम णक �ह क �भपजो न �व�ण स ह् जो जीन�ना ऋगवेदक ----५०--oomānam āpo mānuṣīr amuktaṁ ghāta tokāya tanayāya śa ṁ yoḥ| yūyaṁ hi ṣṭha bhiṣajo mātṛtamā viśvasya sthātur jagato janitrī|| ṛgvedaṁ 6----50--7 waters, you are the greatest friends of human beings, please give your unfailing protection and blessings to our sons and grandson. For you are the most benevolent and motherly physician, no, you are the mother of all that are moving in remaining still. The greatness and the life sustaining nature of the water was recognized all the time and our forefathers were aware that the existence of future generations hinged on our earnest attempt to worship and preserve the water resource... so they equated water to the mother, the physician etc., --

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With pranams from K.V,Ananthanarayanan, IRS, Addl Commissioner of Incometax, Trivandrum 1

devotion makes god out of stone

na devo vidyate khe na pae na mmaye| bhve hi vidyate deva tasmd bhvo hi kraa|| caaakyantiataka : It is futile to argue that god resides only in a piece of wood, or a part of a rock or a lump of clay. It is the mind of the devotee which attributes divinity to an idol made of wood, stone or clay. It is his devotion that is reflected by the idol. So the attitude of the mind is the cause of everything. The master implies that the idols are only symbols. True, but when millions of minds perceive sacredness in that idol the idol will definitely turn into God. -2water,

the mother and physician

------ oomnam po mnur amukta ghta tokya tanayya a yo| yya hi ha bhiajo mttam vivasya sthtur jagato janitr|| gveda 6----50--7 waters, you are the greatest friends of human beings, please give your unfailing protection and blessings to our sons and grandson. For you are the most benevolent and motherly physician, no, you are the mother of all that are moving in remaining still. The greatness and the life sustaining nature of the water was recognized all the time and our forefathers were aware that the existence of future generations hinged on our earnest attempt to worship and preserve the water resource... so they equated water to the mother, the physician etc., [email protected] mob 09446508855

With pranams from K.V,Ananthanarayanan, IRS, Addl Commissioner of Incometax, Trivandrum 3initiative

prrabhyate na khalu vighnabhayena ncai prrabhya vighnanihat viramanti madhy| vighnairmuhurmurhurapi pratihanyamn prrabdhamuttamagu n parityajanti|| bharthare ntiatakam dhairyapaddhati praarabhyate na khalu vighnabhayena niichaiH praarabhya vighnanihataa viramanti madhyaaH. vighnairmuhurmurhurapi pratihanyamaanaaH praarabdhamuttamaguNaaH n parityajanti.. bhartR^ihareH niitishatakam dhairyapaddhatiH Men who are by nature cowards will never think of any new initiative because the fear of defeat, real or imaginary has taken deep roots in their psyche. Another category of men are those who would give a try if the environs are propitious, but would silently backout at the sight of the slightest possibility of a setback. But the really bold visionaries who are the salt of the earth, would start a project with meticulous planning and will bring it to victorious conclusion even if they face multiple roadblocks-many of them really tough(of course there is a difference between people who are assiduous and who are assinine... i can be crowned as the leader of the second group... against heavy odds.. the worst being eccentricity, I am prodding on with these slokas for about a year now... but i have not given up not because i am noble but I do not have anything worthy to do apart from this.)

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With pranams from K.V,Ananthanarayanan, IRS, Addl Commissioner of Incometax, Trivandrum

4 Aaapadi Kim Karaneeyam...?By ananthanarayanan vaidyanatan

Aapadi Kim Karneeyam? Smaraneeyam padyayugalam ambaayaah, tat smaranam kim kurute ? brahmaadeenapi kimkareekurute

When one faces real threat to his existence, the only way out for him is the worship of the lotus feet of Ambaa Sree Lalithaambika. And even if one remembers her for a fleeting second, the entire world including the Brahmadeva Himself wait on his side prepared to obey his orders. The worship of a male god, as the fountainhead of all virtues and strength and a female counterpart as the source of beauty, wealth and fertility is a common thread that runs throughout almost all the ancient civilizations in the world. The greatest ever civilization in the world, that of India also has the same tradition. In tribal worship we can find the presence of this, either as Sakthi and Siva, Prakriti and Purusha or whatever format and name that appealed to the ancient mind. The remnants of Mohanjadaro and Harappa, which according to some schorlars is the starting point of our Hindu Tradition, and by some others is a separate culture has left the remnants of a fatherly male god the protector with a prominent phallus and a mother goddess, the mother from whom springs all living beings, whose symbol is yonimudra. Whether that culture was a separate one which went into ruins by some serious and shortlived calamity, or which gave us the prototype of the prime Indian religion in its present form, the worship of linga and yoni representing Shiva and shakti remains for ever. In the beginning of Vedic culture the prominence was for the male gods under the commandership of Indra with goddesses like Ushas, Medha, etc getting only fleeting reference. Even in those periods the names of Goddesses like Swaahaa and Swadhaa were prominent in connection with agni (fire) and aryamaa (the god of pitrus). However may be out of human experience that one's own mother was the greatest source of energy and protection for each of us and also the fact that the woman as the wife alone can make the life of a male worth living, people started giving prominence to the female as a deity. Through passing ages, in some cults, the mother goddess gained ascendancy over the male counterpart. The tendency was germane even in Vedas where great mantras were always considered as representing a female deity. Gayathri is the most prominent example. The prominence of Devi became unquestionable because life was never easy for any members of an evolving culture, especially when it was subjected to a great extent by non democratic controls by stronger constituents of the society, and the suffering human being always craved for some mercy and tenederness and the woman

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With pranams from K.V,Ananthanarayanan, IRS, Addl Commissioner of Incometax, Trivandrum

was always the embodiment of these virtues while the strong male was always domineering. In our country the fusion of the male and female divine forces is really wonderful. Every great thinker and philosopher has underlined the mutual complimenting of the male and the female forces. Maybe the evolution is like this. The Lord Parameswara carried the entire universe on His head in the shape of a crescent representing the upper worlds. In his matted hair he carried the entire resources for the existence of humans, in the form of Ganga. He carried the the two most potent natural sources of energy, the Sun and the Fire, in his two eyes and the moon took his third eye. When concentrated evil oozed out in the form of the poison Halahalam he gobbled it up and kept it as a concentrated lump in his throat so that it cannot harm anyone. All the demonic forces, he kept under his feet in the form of apasmaara. Then he burned of Kamadeva who created mutual attraction between male and female, which represented happiness and fertility. This was too much. The Sakthi, the prakriti, challenged this. She burned herself using her own yogic powers. The world came to a standstill. Siva the purusha could not suffer the pangs of separation. He carried the body of the burning Sakthi and ran amuck across the whole country running and crying half in anger and half in anguish all the time. The diplomat that is Mahavishnu, saw the catastrophe overtaking the universe and hence he followed the Rudra at a safe distance and tactfully cut off one part after another of the burning body of Sakthi. The pieces fell in one hundred and eight places in our sacred country and each place became Sakthi Stala and the presence of Siva the great and Vishnu the protector could be seen everywhere. The things took a beautiful turn when the Sakthi again took birth as Parvathi and adorned the Siva with the marriage garlands and the latter, realizing that it was too difficult for himself to bear the brunt of maintaining the whole world all alone, gifted half of his body to Shakthi, to become Ardhanaareeswara. Adi Sankara, who is Lord Shiva himself. knew this well and so he proclaimed in the Soundaryalahari....Sivah Sakthya yuktho yadi bhavati sakthah prabhavithum, na ched evem devo na khalu kushalah spandithumapi.... Shiva when in the company of Shakthi is capable of performing all the functions of creation, maintenance and destruction, but the same God, if Sakthi is not with him will have the capacity even to move. a little To express our gratitude to the mother who is the source of knowledge, wealth, energy and all that is great we celebrate the Navarathri. The greatness of the celebration is in its uniqueness that it is the one festival which is observed all over the country in all the temples or households irrespective of what is the favourite deity of that temple or the househlod. May we place our pranaams at the lotus feet of the mother.Sree Maatre Namah

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With pranams from K.V,Ananthanarayanan, IRS, Addl Commissioner of Incometax, Trivandrum

5path to eterninty

prghtnnivtti paradhanaharae sayama satyavkya| kle akty pradna yuvatijanakath mkabhva pare tsrotovibhago guruu ca vinaya sarvabhtnukamp smnya sarvastrevanupahatavidhi sreyasmea panth|| bharthare ntiatakam The following actions and traits will make a person eternally famous. 1. Abstaining from causing danger to the life of all beings. 2.Lack of inclination to steal others' wealth. 3.Truthfulness in words and deed 4.Inclination to help others financially at the appropriate time according to ones own capacity. 5.Absolute silence when it comes to the question of respectable ladies of other families. 6.Being helpful to poor and indigent people. 7.Complete sense of surrender to preceptors. 8.Capacity to see equality in all living beings and exhibiting compassion to them. 9.Adequate knowledge in all types of arts and sciences. The prescription of Bharthruhari is rather very tough and costly. If we can emulate at least a few of the qualities, our lives will be [email protected] mob 09446508855

With pranams from K.V,Ananthanarayanan, IRS, Addl Commissioner of Incometax, Trivandrum

(friends, when i give the meaning of the verses, I do not go by the word by word translation or consideration of syntax and grammatical rules..an erudite elaboration of the ideas of the masters is beyond my idiotic mind. ) --

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6bursting at the seams? -- sa bhra saumya bhartavyo yo nara nvasdayet| tadannamapi bhoktavya jryate yad anmaya|| rmadvtmkirmyaa rayaka 50--27 : One should undertake to bear only that much of load that he is capable of. Similarly one should eat food only to the extent it will maintain him without any illness. It is the tendency of the overly ambitious persons to undertake to perform things far beyond their capacity. In the end they are likely to fail and lose respectability. The tendency to overeat is the cause of almost half the problems in this worl

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pare cetsi pratidivasamradhya bahudh prasda ki netu viasi hdaya kleakalita| prasanne tvayyanta svayamuditacintamaigao vivikta sakalpa kimabhilaita puyati na te|| bharthari vairagyaataka

7intellectual slavery

: :

:

Oh my mind, why do you labour hard and repeatedly to please the hearts and moods of others? If you can make yourself calm and clear, will not very pure and spontaneous gems of thought arise from you ? And such noble thoughts will pave way for the attainment of all your cherished goals. Life is quite cumbersome for people who are forced to speculate in advance what would please the boss or the elite who are to provide for their subsistence. Gradually it becomes a habit with the ordinary human being to extoll rightly or wrongly the thoughts and actions of others. Such dependence on the whims of others kills the capacity of a human being to think calmly and clearly and take decisions for himself. Intellectual slavery is worse than the most potent poison.

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8neither near nor too far atysann vinya drasth na phalaprad| sevyat madhyabhavena rj vahnir guru striya|| cakya nti If one gets too close to a king, to fire, to a preceptor or a woman, it is doom for him. But it will be equally disastrous to keep too much distance from them. A sensible persons will do well to keep a balanced proximity with these people. The favour of the king and men in power are essential for our existence. But they wield the power to finish us in toto. A lot of discretion is required to deal with them and also save our skin. Similarly, without fire, survival for us is well nigh impossible. It is nice to cook our food but it may not be pleasant to cook ourselves. The preceptor is also of the same category. If we keep close to him he will be driving us crazy with his dicta all the time and can become a stone tied around our necks. But without the preceptor's advise and guidance we will be nowhere. Here again discretion is the better part of valour. ( this would apply to mother in laws also.) The same discretion will save the day when we deal with women. They are like beautiful and fragrant flowers to watch from the correct distance. If you go near, the makeup will show. If you are far off, you will see nothing, Familiarity breeds contempt.

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9character

kadartthitasypi ca dhairyavtter na akyate dhairyagua pramru| adhomukhasypi ktasya vahner n'dha ikh ynti kadcideva|| bhartthari ntiataka Even when a person with innate steady character is insulted and forced to submission, he does not lose his boldness and capitulate. It is just like a flame of a lamp. Even if the burning wick of lamp is held upside down, the flame holds itself directed upwards alone. Hard times can never dampen the character of a bold man.

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With pranams from K.V,Ananthanarayanan, IRS, Addl Commissioner of Incometax, Trivandrum

10 live today

I gate oko na kartavyo bhaviyam naiva cintayet| vartmnena klena varttayanti vicak a|| caakyanti ): do not grieve over what has already happened, and do not worry over what is going to happen. The learned and brave men live up to the present situation with utmost ability and sincerity. Every lifestyle consultant or author has uses this dictum to encourage people to live their life full. Dale Carnegie asked us to live "in day tight compartments" Someone said, "tomorrow, do thy worst, for I have lived today" Shelley wrote "We look before and after, And pine for what is not: Our sincerest laughter With some pain is fraught; Our sweetest songs are those that tell of saddest thought." The advice by the master Chanakya and other greats should not lead us to hedonism. We should be always conscious of the path we have trodden in reaching the present state. Moreover we should have a clear-cut action plan for the future. But while performing today's duties we should not be bogged down by our past and future. -

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11 the supreme being

i - apipdo javano ght payatyacaku sa uatyakara| sa vetti vedya na ca tasysti vett ta hur asya purua mahanta|| vetvataropaniad 3-19 o ) )

Without hands or feet he walks and grips, without eyes he sees everything, without ears, he hears everything. He knows whatever that is to be known but none knows what He is. Him we call the almighty primordial god (purusha)

This stanza in upanishad comes from the awe and respect we have for the unknown force whose presence we feel but whom we are not able to measure through our sense organs.

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12 Fwd: glorious deeds

daridrya kta dna nyaligasya pjanam| anthapretasaskra asvamedhasama vidu| subhitaatakatraya : In our religion and culture, performance of the Aswamedha sacrifice is considered to be the most pious and glorious action in a successful mans life. Such performance is supposed go bestow one with all prosperity and suzeranity over people. Some of the philanthropic act are equated to this great sacrifice in this sloka. To lend a helping hand to the suffering fellow human being comes first. Sometimes the idols of some temples (here idol of Lord Siva is cited) are left uncared due to change in the circumstance of the inhabitants of the terrain. If one takes it upon himslelf the renovation of the fallen temple and arranging for proprer worship of the God in the shape of idol, the same benefits as that would enure on performance of aswamtha yagna. A human being, however poor and helpless he is deserves a diginified burial or cremation of his mortal remains. If a person voluntarily undertakes to perform the final rites for the dead person, he is equal in status to one who has performed aswamedha. True, aswamedha is a meaningless rite today. But we should see its importance as seen by our forefathers of four or five millenia ago. Helping the poor, taking initiative in the renovation of a place of worship and most important helping in giving a diginified burial to an unclaimed human corpse are really glorious acts even today. (I have seen many pamphlet calling for help for temple renovation...This is an appropriate sloka which can form caption to such appeals)

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13 beware of inborn enemies

krpayena yaa krudh guacayo dabhena satyam kudha maryd vyasanairdhana ca vipad sthairya pramdairdvija| paiunyena kula madena vinayo duceay paurua dridryea jandaro mamatay ctmaprakao hata|| subhaitaatakatraya A man's reputation is lost by idiotic actions. By exhibition of uncontrollable anger he loses all his noble traits. Honesty is sacrificed at the altar of pride. A person is forced to shed all his dignity on the face of insatiable hunger. All the hard earned money will be squandered away through bad habits. When one faces extreme danger, his courage drains away. A learned man is ruined by wrong actions committed through forgetfulness. Deliberate cruelty perpetrated by a member annihilates the entire clan. A fellow throws to winds his humility because of excessive arrogance.. A person's manhood is ruined by wrong and immoral actions. When a person is reduced to penury, his popularity and respect in the society reach lowest ebbs. And a person loses all his knowledge and discretion when a sense of excessive attachment to mundane things haunts him. --

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14 balance of convenience

vara na rjya na kurja rjya vara na mitra na kumitramitra| vara na iyo na kuiyaiyo vara na dr na kudradra || cnakyanti It would be better for one to wander as a nomad than staying as a subject of a wicked king. It is far more beneficial for one to remain friendless than having a circle of friends who would not hesitate to scheme against him or double-cross him. It would give more peace of mind to a scholar or teacher if he does not have any disciple than having unruly wicked disciples in plenty. And it would the greatest boon for any man not to have a wife than being bound by wedlock to a shrew

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15 accountability rj rraktam bhukte rja ppa purohita| bhart ca strkta ppa iyappa gurustath|| cakya nti : :

The ruler has to bear the brunt of all the sins committed by his subjects. The Royal preceptor will have to suffer for the sins of the King. The husband is responsible for the wrong actions of his wife and will have to atone for them and the sins of the disciples goes to the teacher. Chanakyas logic is that the subjects tend to go wayward when the ruler is not effective. It is the duty of the royal preceptor who is also the minister to aid and advise the king and lead him in the right path. The lady (of the relevant period) was under the protection and care of the husband and if there are aberrations in her activities, the husaband was solely responsible for it. The disciple learns all the lessons of his life from his teacher, and if the teacher imparts improper education the disciple will lose proper direction in life and the sin should definitely be credited to the account of the guru.

--

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16 what is our worth?

nalindalagatajalamatitarala tadvadjvitamatiayacapala| vidhdivydhyabhimnagrasta loka okagata ca samasta|| yavadvittoprjanaakta tvad nijaparivro rakta| pacd jvati jarjaradehe vrtm ko'pi na pcchati gehe|| yvatpavano nivasati dehe tvad pcchati kuala gehe| gatavati vyau dehpye bhry bibhyati tasmin kye| bhajagovinda akarabhagavatpad The water droplet that land up on a lotus leaf retain their globular nature and run helter skelter and in fleeting seconds they will fall into the lake and disappear. Likewise our life is also very fleeting and one can never guess when the semblance of life leave our body. And this body is governed by diseases, arrogance and anxiety. and the world is in the grip of abject sorrow So long as we are capable of earning money everyone in our family will be very cordial to us. Once we retire or are not in a position to bring in money to the household, everyone will be oblivious of us. They will feign ignorance of our existence to the extent that they will not even talk to us. So long as the life breath lingers in our body everyone around will be making anxious enquiries about our welfare. One the final breath is gone and the body just falls flat, even one's own wife will be terrified of the body. So in this world of pain and contrasts there is only one way to exists... pray hard to Lord Govinda .. bhaja goivinda bhaja govinda govindam bhaja mhamate [email protected] mob 09446508855

With pranams from K.V,Ananthanarayanan, IRS, Addl Commissioner of Incometax, Trivandrum

17 beautiful forests -- janagandhim surabhi bahvann akval| prha mg mtara araynm aamsia|| gvedam10-146-6

we shower praise on Aranyaani, the beautiful goddess of forest, who is always soothing with balms born in her trees and herbs, who spreads her fragrance far and wide, who is self sufficient in food for her inhabitants and guests, who is the mother of all animals who have taken shelter in her bosom, and possesses lands untouched by ploughs. the importance of pristine forests was always recognised by our ancestors. No poaching.

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With pranams from K.V,Ananthanarayanan, IRS, Addl Commissioner of Incometax, Trivandrum

18 goats and their king fox i i

----- svmin pratiklena prajstkena rvaa| rakyam na vardhante mea gomyuna yatha|| vlmkirmyaam rayakaam 41-----14

this is again an advise from the wizened bird gransire jadayu to the arrogant Ravana, who is in the process of abducting seethadeve. But it can easily form the part of the preamble tp any civilized constitution with a ruler who cares nothing for the welfare of his subject but in tern very stern and cruel to them, the population of the country dwindles in population as if the subjects are goats and sheep and the rule is a fox.

the contemporary siginificance of this sloka needs no elaboration. If our rulers just glance through such great texts, even if it not our of devotion, our destiny would have been safer in their hands

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18 devotion makes god out of stone na devo vidyate khe na pae na mmaye| bhve hi vidyate deva tasmd bhvo hi kraa|| caaakyantiataka

: It is futile to argue that god resides only in a piece of wood, or a part of a rock or a lump of clay. It is the mind of the devotee which attributes divinity to an idol made of wood, stone or clay. It is his devotion that is reflected by the idol. So the attitude of the mind is the cause of everything. The master implies that the idols are only symbols. True, but when millions of minds perceive sacredness in that idol the idol will definitely turn into God. --

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With pranams from K.V,Ananthanarayanan, IRS, Addl Commissioner of Incometax, Trivandrum

19 water, the mother and physician ------ oomnam po mnur amukta ghta tokya tanayya a yo| yya hi ha bhiajo mttam vivasya sthtur jagato janitr|| gveda 6----50--7 waters, you are the greatest friends of human beings, please give your unfailing protection and blessings to our sons and grandson. For you are the most benevolent and motherly physician, no, you are the mother of all that are moving in remaining still. The greatness and the life sustaining nature of the water was recognized all the time and our forefathers were aware that the existence of future generations hinged on our earnest attempt to worship and preserve the water resource... so they equated water to the mother, the physician etc., --

[email protected] mob 09446508855

With pranams from K.V,Ananthanarayanan, IRS, Addl Commissioner of Incometax, Trivandrum

20 initiative

prrabhyate na khalu vighnabhayena ncai prrabhya vighnanihat viramanti madhy| vighnairmuhurmurhurapi pratihanyamn prrabdhamuttamagu n parityajanti|| bharthare ntiatakam dhairyapaddhati praarabhyate na khalu vighnabhayena niichaiH praarabhya vighnanihataa viramanti madhyaaH. vighnairmuhurmurhurapi pratihanyamaanaaH praarabdhamuttamaguNaaH n parityajanti.. bhartR^ihareH niitishatakam dhairyapaddhatiH Men who are by nature cowards will never think of any new initiative because the fear of defeat, real or imaginary has taken deep roots in their psyche. Another category of men are those who would give a try if the environs are propitious, but would silently backout at the sight of the slightest possibility of a setback. But the really bold visionaries who are the salt of the earth, would start a project with meticulous planning and will bring it to victorious conclusion even if they face multiple roadblocks-many of them really tough(of course there is a difference between people who are assiduous and who are assinine... i can be crowned as the leader of the second group... against heavy odds.. the worst being eccentricity, I am prodding on with these slokas for about a year now... but i have not given up not because i am noble but I do not have anything worthy to do apart from this.)

[email protected] mob 09446508855

With pranams from K.V,Ananthanarayanan, IRS, Addl Commissioner of Incometax, Trivandrum

21 path to eterninty prghtnnivtti paradhanaharae sayama satyavkya| kle akty pradna yuvatijanakath mkabhva pare tsrotovibhago guruu ca vinaya sarvabhtnukamp smnya sarvastrevanupahatavidhi sreyasmea panth|| bharthare ntiatakam The following actions and traits will make a person eternally famous. 1. Abstaining from causing danger to the life of all beings. 2.Lack of inclination to steal others' wealth. 3.Truthfulness in words and deed 4.Inclination to help others financially at the appropriate time according to ones own capacity. 5.Absolute silence when it comes to the question of respectable ladies of other families. 6.Being helpful to poor and indigent people. 7.Complete sense of surrender to preceptors. 8.Capacity to see equality in all living beings and exhibiting compassion to them. 9.Adequate knowledge in all types of arts and sciences.

[email protected] mob 09446508855

With pranams from K.V,Ananthanarayanan, IRS, Addl Commissioner of Incometax, Trivandrum

The prescription of Bharthruhari is rather very tough and costly. If we can emulate at least a few of the qualities, our lives will be splendid.(friends, when i give the meaning of the verses, I do not go by the word by word translation or consideration of syntax and grammatical rules..an erudite elaboration of the ideas of the masters is beyond my idiotic mind. ) --

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22 bursting at the seams? -- sa bhra saumya bhartavyo yo nara nvasdayet| tadannamapi bhoktavya jryate yad anmaya|| rmadvtmkirmyaa rayaka 50--27 : One should undertake to bear only that much of load that he is capable of. Similarly one should eat food only to the extent it will maintain him without any illness. It is the tendency of the overly ambitious persons to undertake to perform things far beyond their capacity. In the end they are likely to fail and lose respectability. The tendency to overeat is the cause of almost half the problems in this world.

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23 test for friendship --- hyo v'pi daridro v dukhita sukhito'pi v| nirdoo v sadoo v vayasya param gati|| rmatvtmkirmyaa kikindkaa 8---8 A bosom friend should be given protection at any cost, whether he is from a high family or whether he is from a lowly background, whether he is in a depressed mental condition or he is happy, whether he is innocent or is guilty of some offence, The basic human law is that one should not give upon his friend even when the latter is placed in the most desparate conditions. When the friend is having a good name and other comforts, and when there is expectation of getting something back, all persons will be magnanimous and play the friendship card with enthusiasm. But the litmus test for real friendship comes when one of them is in dire strait and the other has to take bold and risky steps to provide succour to the suffering friend.

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24 humility or right perception? I II

paritod vidu na sdhu manye prayogavijna balavadapi ikitnm tmanyapratyaya ceta klidsa kuntala manda kaviyaa prrth gamiymyupahsyat| prulabhye phale lobhat udbhuriva vmana|| klidsa raghuvaa Kaalidasa the greatest Indian poet ever born, declared in the opening part of abijnana saakunthalam that he could never be confident of his capacity to create a Nataka, till the same is staged and approved by the learned. He quips, "even in the thoroughly learned, lack of self assuredness is very manifest." Again while chronicling the lives of the great monarachs of the race of Raghu in his Mahakavyam.. Raghuvamsam, he is faced with lack of self confidence....he says, " perhaps a dull person as I am and is in pursuit of immortal fame in wordcraft, and my state is verily same as a dwarf standing under a tall mango tree ladent with fruits and jumping up again and again in the hope of plucking some fruits when the fruits are confined to the reach of really tall men If Kalidasa felt so how should the lesser mortals feel?

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25 raaja dharma is curious I - nasamanasa v prajrakaakrat| ptaka v sadoa v kartavyam rakat sad|| rjyabhraniyuktn ea dharma sanatana rmadvlmkirmayaam blaka 25-18 We find an apparent conflict between ethics and political duty even in the first ever Kaaya in Sanskrit. The first and foremost duty of a ruler is to look after the welfare of his subjects, this the the eternal duty ordained to him. In the process of ensuring the welfare of his own people the king may do things which are praiseworthy and acceptable to all or at times he may have to do things which may not be popular at all. The action may involve committing sin in the general sense, the action may be condemnable in the eyes of the onlookers. but the superior dharma of a king that will overshadow and act in conflict with the copybook virtues is to ensure the welfare of his own subjects. The laws of governance are quite complicated. The government may have to use cruel tricks and heavy punitive measures to shatter rebellious moves against the integrity of his Nation. In diplomacy it may be forced to tell utter lies and resort to colourable means like espionage to safeguard the Nations interest. It may be forced to be tough and intolerant against groups whose ideas may be noble but pedagogic especially when dry principles may cut deep at the root of the sovereignty of the Nation. Every country will have its own secret sins but such sins committed to safeguard the welfare and unity of the Nation usually become symbols of national pride. When it comes to one's own country nothing can be wrong if it is done for its welfare.

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26 no labour when the stomach is empty - klatikramaccaiva bhaktavetanoyorbht| bhartu kupyanti duyanti so'nartha sumahnsmta|| rmatvlmkirmayaa ayodhykanna 100-34

A great principle of strategic importance is envisaged in the aadikaavayam. If a king makes inordinate delay in providing adequate food and salary to his troops, the warriors get angry with the master, and in time start to speak about him in abusive terms and such a situation is the harbinger of future disaster. It is a universal fact that everyone works for others under the expectation that he will be adequately rewarded with salary in time. The workers dreams and expectations all rally round the pay packet. If the salary is not forthcoming at the appropriate time no one will have any motivation to go further. This situation has led to many a revolution in human history. All wage earners are vulnerable when in comes to salary, but the soldiers are more so. They have to keep themselves fit to defend the ruler, and simultaneously they have to look after their near and dear who are living far away, counting days in expectation of financial supplies from the soldier.

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27 account is not yet closed

-- nanu sadyo'vintasya dyate karmaa phala| klo'pyagbhavatyatra sasynmiva paktaye|| rmadvlmkirmyaa rayaknam 41--27 The evil effects of committing sinful acts do not manifest immediately. Like seed sowed in a field the effects of sin also take time to germinate and grow strong enough. But there a huge difference. The sins committed take the gestation period to grow strong and hit back at us.. But the seed grow(if the seeds are good) to give us the wealth of grain. The slow and sure behaviour of Fate often lulls us into a state of false security. We commit unpardonable sins without any immediate backlash. So we get bolder under the notion that nothing will happen and we can get away with anything. But be sure, we will get it back with principal and penal interest.

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28 time - space combination never reapeats -- deaklavihnni karmi vipartavat| kriyamni duyanti havyaprayateviva|| rmadvlmkirmyaa yuddhaka 63--6 d

Even a very noble act performed without considering the location and time may not yield the desired result but can boomerang on us. Comparison can be drawn from the sacred offering for a yajna prepared meticulously being kept in a dirty pot getting rotted. For everything there is a time. To cite one glaring example found among the neo rich, and neo prominent leading lights of the society. They may have their parents and other dear ones suffering in poverty and ailment in the remotest places. But when they die, a lot of noises are made.. The dead body is decked in silk and exhibited in air conditioned environment. Sandals and unguents rinsed in crocodile tears abound. Sycophants and so called friends throng around the affluent son or daughter and blow sonorous conches, but had a very little portion of this attention been devoted to the departed soul in his lifetime, the calamity would not have happened at all. We appear to be excellent undertakers(who look after the dead body) but not good in performing what we undertake.

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29 till when the soil is damp and fertile yvat svasthohyaya deho yvat mtyuca drata| tvadtmahita kuryt prnte ki kariyati|| cakyanti One should perform all good and fruitful deeds to enhance his own status on this earth and beyond it, when he is in the peak of physical and mental health and can presume with reasonable assurance that death is far away. What can be done for a person once his lifespan is over? This terse advice is given by all the philosophers, gurus and lifestyle consultants all the time. May be the words and sentences would be couched in hyperbole. It is a truth everyone should realize and tell others also. The great master Chanakya naturally included this in his treatise.

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30 the unbreakable knot -- -- ---- -- -- -- -- --

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-- -- p tveto nayatu hastaghya avin tv pr vahat rathena ghn gacca ghapatn yathsau vain tvam vidatha vadsi g 10-75-26 sumagalriya vadh im sameta payata saubhgyam asyai dattvy 'thsta vi paretana k 10-85-33 atha 14--2--27 samrj vaure bhava samrj varv bhava nanndari samrj bhava samrh adhi devu g 10-85-46 atha 14-2-44 samajantu vive devh sa po hdayni nau sa mtariv sam dht sanudrer dadhatu nau k 10-85-47 drghyurastu me patir jvti rada atam| ath 14-2-63 ihemmamindra sa nuda cakravkeva dapat ath 14-2-64 ihaiva stam m vi yauha

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viva yur vyanuta kranto putrair naptbhir modamnau tve gihe g 10-85-42 putri t kumri viva yur vyasnuta ubh hirayapes g 8-31- 8 One friend had asked me to indicate some important marriage manthras and accordingly I do it. The procedural rituals vary from place to place and I shall try to convey the basic rituals in a different individual message. The manthras quoted above are tribute to all ladies who enter the conjugal vow with men..The respect given to the woman in the house as a wife perhaps may not find any parallel in any other culture. There may be the mother icons everywhere, but the importance as a wife herself is underlined without room for equivocation in the hoary traditions recorded in the Vedas. The uniformity in thought can be gauged from the fact that the manthras get repeated in the most ancient rig veda and the comparatively modern atharva veda. The bride is entering the ritualistic location, her hand held by the god puushan (one form of the sun god) the twin gods of medicine the Ashwins are accompanying her in the chariot.. and she is going away from her house to that of her husband and she is blessed that she may become the ruler of the household and the main spokesperson of the assembly in her husbands place. The nubile bride who has become sumangalii is introduced to all. 'This bride has attained the status of a wife..she is bringing fortune to this house..come all of you and look at her...Please wish her full happiness before you return home'. The bride is blessed to join the supreme place in the household " May your father in law treat you with affection as if you were a queen. May your mother in law treat treat you with love as if you were a queen. May your sisters in law love and respect you as if you were a queen. May your brothers in law repect and adore you as if you were a queen" The husband prays for conjugal unity " May all Gods and all waters unite our hearts. Especially the gods Mathariswa, dhaata, and dheshtri, make us very [email protected] mob 09446508855

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The bride prays to the gods and elders " May my husband live long, and we will live together for hundred years...bless us" The elders pray for the couple " Join the couple here, Indra... they resemble the chakravaka and its mate. ( The chakravaka is a symbol for mutual devotion of the couple. if one loses its life, the mate will die in grief.) The lifelong union of the ideal couple as expressed by elders in their blessing "May you two dwell in this house, never parted, you enjoy the full life span as prescribed by vedas, may you have the fotune to play together with your sons and grandsons," The prayer of the couple "With sons and daughters abounding, may we live long adorned in rich dresses an precious ornaments".

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-- -- ghmi tvm saubhagatvya hasta may paty jaradahir yathsa| bhago aryam savit purandir mahyam tvdur grhapatyya dev| gveda 10-85-36 atharvaaveda 14-1-50 gruhnami twaam saubhagatvaaya hastham mayaa patyaa jaradhashtir yadasah bhago aryamaa savitaa purandir mahyam twaadur gaarhpatyaaya devaah I take your hand in mine for good fortune with the prayer that you also will to old along with me, your husband. Deities bhage, aryamaaa savitha and purandhi have given you to me to be the mistress of my house. This paanigrahana mantram has united couples of India for thousand of years. The word garhapathyam implies that the good wife becomes the real leading spirit of the household taking the husband to her protection and affection. There is another aaseervadahmanthram in vedas, dasym putram ante patimekdaam kdhi, you beget ten sons and make your husband the eleventh son.. the position given to woman as a wife in our cuture was indedd very exalted

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32 international concord -- sajnam svebhi samana araebhi| samjna avin yuva ihsmsu ni yacchata||1|| sa jnmahe manas sa cikitv m yumahi manas daivyena | m gho uta syur bahule vinirhate meu paptad indrasyhanygate||2|| atharvanavedam 7--52 May there be concord with our people, may there be concord with foreign people, Aswins (you two inseparable twins--gods of medicine) may you two create concord amongst ourselves and concord with the foreigners May we unite in our minds, unite in our purposes and NOT fight against the divine spirit within us. And may not the battle cry rise amidst many that lay slain all around May the arrows of Indra (who defends us from foes) fall only for limited use. It is indeed a great feel to see that many peace charters of universal peace might have knowingly or unknowingly used the same idea while reaching the concord. Here, the twin gods ashwins are invoked because they are inseparable and devoid of any mutual acrimony. They are also the gods of medicine, and indeed great role can be played by medical men in effecting unity among all races.. the idea of not using fire against rescue teams of the Red Cross etc., are germane in this ancient vedic mantra. [email protected] mob 09446508855

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33 no fear when all around us are friends

---- abhaya mitrd abhaya amitrd abhaya jtd abhayam puro ya| abhaya nakta abhaya div na sarva mama mitra bhavantu|| atharvaaveda 19--15--6 abhayam mitraad abhayam amitraad abhyam jnaathaad abhayam puro yah abhayam naktham abhayam dive nah saravaa aasha mama mitram bhavanthu(i am giving the plain english transliteration because the machine created transliteration sometimes show as garbage in some machines.)

Let there be no fear for us from our friends. Let there be no fear for us from those who are not our friends. Let there be no fear for us from what is known to us. Let there be no fear for us the one who stands before us.. Let fearlessness envelop us all along days and nighths. Let us pray that all beings and phenomena around us become our dearest friends. The fearlessness comes from the recognition that we have only friends all around and that friends will ensure that we will remain fearless for ever. Maybe a friendship day message from Atharavana Vedam.

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34 from nothingness

nsad snno sad st tadn nsd rajo no vyomo paro yat| kim varva kuha kasya armannambha kim sd gahana gabhra||1 na mtyur sd amtam na tarhi na rtry ahna st praketa| nd avta svadhy tad ekam tasmddhnyan na para ki cansa||2 - gveda 10-129 there was neither non reality, nor reality then; there was no air or the ether beyond it; how to know what lay covered by whom and where, who gave it shelter, whether there were the deep fathomless waters? There was no death and there was no life immortal, there were no means to indicate day and night, but the ONE (the supreme) breathed, without air, and apart from THAT(supreme being) there was nothing else, whatsoever. The above are the first two stanzas of Naasadiiya sooktham, the hymn to nothingness, and human mind was just pondering over the state of the universe before it evolved to the present state. Every researcher studying the theories on evolution, must have started from this exalted gem of human

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thought. One should say Human thought never soared to dizzier heights beyond this

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36 till your land and do not play dice

akair m dvya kim it kasva vitte ramasva bahu manyamna| tatra gva kitava tatra jy tan me vi cae savitya arya|| ------ gveda 10---34---13 Oh man! Do not waste your time in playing dice, go and till the soil and grow the grains. Enjoy yourself on the gains you earn and you earn your respect also in turn. The supreme Lord Savita says that your cows and calves, your wife and family and your welfare are all existing there (in hard work) in safety. Even the ancient Vedic Wisdom understood the average man's tendency to live an idle life and earn easy money through gambling. Vedas also recognized the fleeting nature of gains from such activities. Agriculture was the primary job of the earliest inhabitants of the Indus--gangetic plane and it is advised that one can have a settled and purposeful life only by engaging in purposeful work and spending the days in the sweet company of one's wife and family. The working of the human mind has changed very little till now.

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37 pranams to Lord Ganesha sapjakn pariplakn jitendriy ca tapodhann| deasya rarasya kulasya rja karotu siddhi bhagavn gaea|| may Lord Ganesa who is the fountainhead of all glory, ensure the welfare of the devotees who worship Him, the noble men who look after and protect the establishment of lofty ideas and projects, the sages who have won over their sense organs and are rich in penance. May He also bless our region, our beloved country, the clans and the king (the established government). Pranams to the Supreme Lord on Chaturthi day Lord Ganesha symbolizes knowledge, simplicity, universal love and brotherhood, victory of virtue over evil, self control, penance, and all lofty ideas human brain could conceive of. Millenniums ago the worship of Ganesha has started, perhaps even before the start of codified and well defined religions. All around the globe wherever we go we are sure to find some symbolic worship of this great Lord..For us in India, Lord Ganesha is the symbol of our national pride and we can never forget the role played by Ganesha worship in our struggle for independence. Whatever we offer Him, He accepts with love and returns to us thousandfold. The tattwa of Ganapathi transcends and will outlive all religions and cults. Let us offer our profound love to the most adorable Godhead represented by Ganesha.

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38 apt indicators

abhysddhryate vidy kula lena dhryate| guena jyate tvrya kopo netrea gamyate|| cakya neetistra Education is entirely dependent on practice and more practice, a man's nobility in birth is measured by his good character, the respectable preceptor is recognized by his innate good manners and the anger exploding in the mind of a man can be easily identified by the fire lurking in his eyes. There are so many opinions endorsing the greatness of constant practice.." practice makes it perfect.." "intelligence is one hour of inspiration and 23 hours of perspiration...etc." Only a man with an exemplary character can be credited with high birth and caste or creed are no criteria. A guru should first develop the exemplary manners he expects to find in his disciples. And most of us who are working under hierarchically rigid bosses may not be able to show our anger explicitly but the eyes will show it. Even If we have no bosses still we have wives, mothers or sisters and may be the mother-in-law --excellent replicas of the bosses.

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39 anger is the worst enemy I --- kruddha ppa na kurytka kruddho hanytgurnapi| kruddha paruay vc nara sadhnadhikipet|| rmadvtmkirmayaa sundaraka 55---5 A man under the grip of anger may commit even the most heinous crimes because he has lost all his senses. He may murder his preceptors or parent even. He may cause irreparable damage to himself and the noble men by abusing the latter in harshest terms. There is no sin that is beyond him in such a state of mind. Maybe a man who is mad or drunk is better than a man who is in rage.--

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40 no expiation for the ungrateful brahmaghne ca surpe ca core bhagnavrate tath| niktirvihit sadbhi ktaghne nsti niskti|| ---- rmadvtmkirmyaa kikindhka 34----12 The learned sages have prescribed suitable expiation for the grave sins like murdering of a learned man, consuming hooch, burglary or breaking of holy vows. But no expiation is prescribed for the sin of being ungrateful.

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41 colleagues or enemies?

---- upyakuala vaidhya bhtyasadae rata| ramaivaryakma ca yo na hanti sa vadhyate|| rmadvtmkirmyaa ayodhyka 100----30 If a person does not restrain a colleague who is (1) not responsive to the advice of the learned, (2) who is taking extra pleasure in constantly maligning and teasing his own subordinates and servants (3) who is bold but extremely avaricious in the matter of material wealth, he will be visited with ruin. In fact the sloka in the epic would suggest that if a person does not annihilate a colleague with the above three qualities, the former would lose his life. But contextually we cannot imply death or murder here. It is clear that the qualities mentioned above are inborn in persons who are ambitious but immature. The problem with such people is that they can not only ensure their own downfall but also drag even innocent associates to ruin.

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42 all alone ---- ka kasya puruo bandhu kimpya kasya kenacit| yadeko jyate jantureka eva vinayati|| rmadvlmkirmyaa ayodhyka 108----3 43 retaliate and be ruined --- na para ppamdatte pare ppakarma| samayo rakitavyastu santacritrabha|| rimadvlmkirmyaa yuddhaka 116---42 Noble men do not waste their time in dwelling upon and retaliate the insults and slightings they receive at the hands of the mean people. For them time is very precious and has to be saved with care to maintain their own character and purity. One of the greatest psychological truths is describes with such ease in the aadikaavya. If one is to think of retaliation and revenge in respect of the wrong action on the part of others, his own mind will be vitiated and he will be left with hardly any time of good sense to mind his own better business. --

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44 sin of the subject catches the king yo hyadharmakrya v viaye prthivasya tu| karoti crmla tatpure v durmatirnara|| kipra ca naraka yti sa ca rj na saaya| --- rmadvlmkirmyaa uttaraka 74---29 A wicked man committing an unlawful and condemnable act, of course invites for himself incarceration in the worst hell. He does not stop with this. He attaches the sin committed by him on the ruler of the kingdom and duly drags the innocent monarch also to the hell to enjoy the privileges of the original sinner. Even though democracy was not a widely accepted political theory in India of yore, accountability of the ruler towards his subject was a well established idea. It was the duty of the king to prevent any sin being committed by anyone in his kingdom.

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44 forward march ----- -- --- pret jayat nara indra va arma yacchatu| ugr va santu bhavo'ndhy yathsatha|| gveda 10---103--13 smaveda 1862 yajurveda vjasaneyi sahita 17-46 atharvaveda 3--19--7 this is a song of victory.. wishing success to all in their endeavours, though symbolically it is a war song. Go forward and conquer, you heroes! May God give you protection. Valiant be your arms, so that you may remain unconquered. The intrinsic character of our ancestors was to be bold and worship heroism. They never allowed fear or hesitation to mar their march to victory. The greatest significance of this mantra is that it is universal in nature, it finds its place in all the four vedas.

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45 Saraswathi

----- yaste stana aayo yo mayobhr yena viv puyasi vryi| yo ratnadh vasuvid ya sudatra sarasvati ta iha dhtave ka || gveda---uklayajurveda--atharvaaveda O mother Sarawathi ( the goddess as well as the river) Your breast is the source all well-being. You feed and nourish all that is good with your breast. They are the source of all treasures, wealth and gifts to your children... Mother you lay them bare for our nourishment. The supreme power of intellect is portrayed as mother here. Also, the eternal source of life, namely the water borne by the river has also the status of mother.

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46 krishna, my sweet krishna ---- adhara madhura vadana madhura nayana madhura hasita madhura| hdaya madhura gamana madhura mathurdhipaterakhilam madhura|| mathuraka----vallabhcrya His lips are sweet, His face is sweet, His eyes are sweet, His smile is sweet, His heart is sweet, His gait is sweet, everything that relates to the Monarch of Mathura is sweet and sweet alone. Today is celebrated as the birthday of the greatest ever myth and reality human mind has ever created or felt...Krishna. What are we to call him.. a living being, a phenomenon, an school of thought incarnate, a tribal deity, a consummate teacher, a benevolent despot... like his innumerable names, his qualities are also innumerable. Human life, at least Hindu life and its culture could not have been sustained without the idea of Krishna. In other religions He is existing in different names, perhaps. When a sannyasi who has renounced everything worldly, Vallabha, is recalling the sweetness of the lips, face, eyes, smile, heart and the gait of this wonderful Child, one can feel how deeply the lovely tattwa of Krishna has mesmerized even the most mature minds of all times.

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47 like father like son

-- jyeho bhrt pit caiva yaca vidy prayacchati| trayaste pitaro jey dharme pathi hi vartina|| yavynatmana putra iyacpi guodita| putravatte trayacinty dharmacedatra kraa|| vtmkirmyaam kikindhka 18 13--14 Our elder brother and the great preceptor who imparts knowledge to us are to be given respect equal to our own father, yes, all of them are our fathers. Likewise, the younger brother and the virtuous disciple are to be treated by us with equal affection as is due to our own sons, yes all of them are our own sons.

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48 kaamokaarshiid manyurakaarshiid namo namah

kmo'krnnamo nama| kmo'krtkma karoti nha karomi kma kart nha kart kma krayit nha krayit ea te kma kmya svh| manyurakrnnamo nama | manyurakrnmanyu kroti nham karomi manyu kart nha kart manyu krayit nha krayit ea te manyo manyave svh| mahnaryaopaniat 61 62 Salutations to the gods. Desire performed the act. Desire did the act. Desire is doing the act, not I. O Desire, fascinating in for, let this oblations be offered to thee, Hail Salutations to the gods. Anger performed the act. Desire did the act. Anger is doing the act, not I. O anger, let this oblation be offered to thee. These mantras as from Taittariya Aranyaka of Krishna Yajurveda. The latter is found in rgveda also. Brahmins belonging to the Krishna yajurveda school, chant a shortened form of this manthra every day once during the oblations to Sandhya three times a day. On the upakarma day, this year it falls on today, this manthra in shortened form is repeated 1008 times as expiation by way of confession that many of our acts are instigated by desire and anger over which we have little control most of the time, and, therefore we are trying to propitiate them so that they will get out of our way.

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49 shadow of friendship rambhagurv kayi kramea| laghv pur vddhimat ca pact|| dinasya prvrddha parrddha bhinn| cchyeva maitr khalasajjannm|| bharthari ntiataka 49

The friendship with a silly idiotic person will appear to be very serious and weighty in the beginning but slowly the relation will get thinner and thinner with time to disappear into obscurity. However the friendship of a noble person may look insignificant at the start but as time progresses and the understanding is fortified, it progresses from strength to strength The two phenomena are like the disappearance and the growth of a shadow in step with the movement of the Sun from dawn to midday and midday to dusk. The shadow at sunrise will be very long but by midday it will be very small or inexistent. This phase is compared to the friendship with an idiot. From midday to sunset, the shadow gets longer and longer..and this is compared to the friendship with noble souls.--

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50 Lord Dhanwantari in human form

guroradhtkhila vaidyavidya pyapi kuala kriysu| gataspho dhairyadhara kplu uddho'dhikr bhiagda syt| The ideal doctor is described here. He should have acquired abundance of education from the Masters in the field and also have training . He should be so learned and beloved that he should be considered the living form of the Lord Sree Dhanwantari with the pot of Nectar, He should be dexterous in absolute terms while engaged in profession.. While on his profession he should be bereft of personal likes or dislikes and the removal of the distress of the patient alone should be his concern. He should be and should appear to look very bold and confident while giving treatment. His compassion should know no bounds. He should be clean physically and mentally... The candidate for this profession should be slected from the most eligible. The doctor trained in Allopathy is expected to take the following oath and follow it to his end. THE OATH OF HIPPOCRATES I SWEAR by Apollo the physician and sculapius, and Health, and All-heal, and all the gods and goddesses, that, according to my ability and judgment, I will keep this Oath and this stipulation to reckon him who taught me this Art equally dear to me as my parents, to share my substance with him, and relieve his necessities if required; to look upon his offspring in the same footing as my own brothers, and to teach them this art, if they shall wish to learn it, without fee or stipulation; and that by precept, lecture, and every other mode of instruction, I will impart a knowledge of the Art to my own sons, and those of my teachers, and to disciples bound by a stipulation and oath according to the law [email protected] mob 09446508855

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medicine, but to none others. I will follow that system of regimen which, according to my ability and judgement, I consider for the benefit of my patients, and abstain from whatever is deleterious and mischievous. I will give no deadly medicine to any one if asked, nor suggest any such counsel; and in like manner I will not give to a woman a pessary to produce abortion. With purity and with holiness I will pass my life and practice my Art. I will not cut persons labouring under the stone, but will leave this to be done by men who are practitioners of this work. Into whatever houses I enter, I will go into them for the benefit of the sick, and will abstain from every voluntary act of mischief and corruption; and, further, from the seduction of females or males, of freemen and slaves. Whatever, in connection with my professional service, or not in connection with it, I see or hear, in the life of men, which ought not to be spoken of abroad, I will not divulge, as reckoning that all such should be kept secret. While I continue to keep this Oath unviolated, may it be granted to me to enjoy life and the practice of the art, respected by all men, in all times. But should I trespass and violate this Oath, may the reverse be my lot. Do we find any difference between the Indian expectation spelt out in a simple sloka and the above oath in the name of Apollo? And to the great credit of professionals in this field, the Doctors world over have alway lived up to the expectations of the patients except perhaps for small and rare aberrations . They as a class have been the greatest boon from God and have kept the world blessed by their presence.

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51 young or old, lion is lion kut kmo'pi jarkopi ithilapryo'pi ka da| panno'pi vipannaddhitirapi preu nayatsvapi|| mattebheendravibhinnakubhapiitagrsaikabaddha spha| ki jra tamatti mnamahatmagresara kesar|| bhartthari ntiataka 21 Will the lion eat the sun dried grass in the forest, even if he is emaciated with hunger, even if he is dogged by old age, even if he is facing very difficult times, even if he has lost all his vigour and ebullience of his prime youth, what to say, even if he is facing a real threat of losing his own life? The food for the king of the forest can be only the hard pieces of flesh he has extracted from the forehead of a rowdy elephant by splitting it with his powerful hits. The lion is very proud of his eminence and valour and his own life is not very important to it in comparison. The master poet is explaining how a person with true self respect should behave. Bad times, poverty, ill health, and even the possibility of imminent death should not deter him from his upright and bold attitude, because death overtakes everyone one day or the other, but the really great people outlive the death of the physical body.

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52 character is the charm

mitra svacchatatay ripu nayabalairlubdha dhanairvara| kryeaa dvijamdarea yuvati prem samairbndhava|| atyugra stutibhir gurur praatibhirmrkha kathbhirbhudha| vidybh rasika rasena sakalam lena kurydvaa|| hitopadeam One can always maintain intimacy with a bosom friends by being just natural. With appropriate strategy and show of strength one can keep his enemy at bay. A miser can be kept pleased only by supply of more funds,( so also every officer superintendent) One's favourite God can be propitiated through service ( to all humans). A beautiful young lady can be made happy through romance (not for old uncles like me....I just quote hitopadesam). One's relatives will be happy if one shows the sense of equality and identity with them. We lose many close relations by flaunting our own so called status. For the parents we are just the sons and daughters and for the siblings we are only brothers or sisters.( for them does it make any difference that you are a top bureaucrat or a stinkingly rich businessman?) To keep a ferocious being away from attacking us is only by vocal praise in place or out of place ( the ferocious thing can appear in so many forms....wife, boss. mother in law, to cite a few examples) . The only way the preceptor can be kept happy is by prostrating at his feet (it will do more good to the disciple than the teacher..especially when the disciple is prostrating to just pull the master down). The learned person will be pleased when one shares his knowledge and erudition with humility. . One can keep an inveterate idiot only by engaging him with silly talk. A connoisseur in fine arts will be pleased when the art is performed to

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perfection. And everyone in the world will be pleased with one's good manners and character.--

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53 let me blow the conch even if it is on deaf ears. dharma bhajasva satata tyaja lokadharmn sevasva sdhupurujahi kmat| anyasya doaguaacintanamsu muktv sevkathrasamaho nitar piba tva|| r ilhaamirasya ntiatakt

follow the virtuous path with staunch determination, give up the silly mundane functions, seek out and serve the noble men , give up for ever carnal desires, give up the habit of always contemplating and elaborating on the faults and foible of others and praise the service of others and engage yourself in fruitful service. I think the first step in the pathway to virtue is giving up telling about the wrong deeds of others and starting to interpret how bad you yourself are. Then giving up on Carnal desires.. every person nowadays wants to look at and craves to being looked upon as a don juan or venus...how to give up that habit? And seeking out the noble man to serve... in an atmosphere where leaders of our society would expect us that if we see a seer and a serpant together, to kill the seer first,, And again how can anyone survive without shifting the blame of others.. a man running carelessly along a slippery path falls down and breaks his head but blames the sight of a cat or a widow in the morning as the cause, one committing a mistake in office starts blaming everything right from printing paper, computer keyboard, the absence of peon or the bald head of his boss, but not anything about his own inefficiency.. I am really wasting my morning sleep, but it is not a big deal because I am an incurable [email protected] mob 09446508855

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And one will see a consummate idiot in me when I repeat the same thing, but again it is a fact

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54 life is fleeting

pra vpi parityajya mnamevbhirakatu anityo bhavati pra mnamcandratraka

do not hesitate even to lay down your life to uphold your rectitude and unblemished name. This life is flleeting but ones good name survives so long as the moon and sun last.

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55 worst sins

akryakryavakro steno bhraha gurutalpaga| varuo'pmaghamraaastast ppt prmucyate|| ----- mahnryaopaniat 1-----68 the Lord of Waters and the destroyer of Sins Varuna, will expiate one who worships the gods of water, of even the five mahaapatakas or most heinous sins , (1) working contrary to the dictates of the scriptures, (2) being disloyal to ones own promises out of cowardice (3) causing destruction to the human foetus in the womb (4) indulging in robbery or coveting the wealth of others and (5) causing disrepect to the preceptor by entering his bed . This mantra has twin purpose. First, to extoll the greatness of water... it is said to release one from the panchamahapaatakas themeselves. It should not be taken as a licence to commit sins. One should not think that he can gleefully commit all the sins and wash off his hand. Secondly the moral standards of our ancestors. Absolute faithfulness to the Vedas, one can understand. Our ancestors strongly believed that if solemn promises made by the constituents of the society are not kept it would lead to imbalance even in the working of natural forces. When Yudistira lied even once partially, it is said that his chariot which always moved floating about one foot above the ground suddenly dropped down to earth with a thud. Now our society is very permissive about termination of pregnancies but our ancestors could not ondone it. They belived more in continence. In fact sexual copulation was ordained to be limited only for the furtherace of the race. The fate of Aswathaam who directed the Brahmasiraastram on the womb of Uttara to annihilate the foetus of abhimanyus son growing there is well known. And entering the Guru,s bed has more serious meaning to it.... it is not mere sleep.

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56 they keep us alive

amta sadgu bhry amta blabhita| amta rjasammana amtam mnabhojana|| The following are like elixir for a man's life. A wife rich in adorable qualities, presence of small children at home with their endearing talks, obtaining honours and respects from the king or the government, and the capacity to have daily meals in a respectable way. Once a schism develops between a man and his wife, the lives of both are lost for ever. At present we are trying to find many alternate remedies for it but it would appear definite that for the human race the pairing of one male and a female for a lifetime is the happiest thing . Without children with their plays and pranks, every house is empty..The children may be sons and daughters, grandchildren or great grandchildren. In fact our affection for them increases exponentially with advancing generation. To be honoured for the services rendered for ones own country is the proudest achievement any human being can aspire for. And if a man reaches a stage in life where he has to search for food even abandoning his dignity, he is more dead than alive.

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57 food for thought annadnt sama nsti vidydna tato'dhika| annena kaik tpti yvajjva tu vidyay|| There is no gift as great as gift of food. But the gift of education is even greater. The satisfaction derived by enjoying food is short lived. But education once imparted properly remains beneficial so long as the recipient is alive. The ultimate thing that keeps a living being alive is food. In fact the food is given as a gift by nature, the ultraviolet rays from the sun, the heat, the carbon dioxide chlorophyll and water, all being His own free creation. The stronger living things either prey on the weaker ones or simply hoard the means of food using brutal force. Hunger, the lack of food was the real creator of history full of revolutions, battles and heroes. To day starts the Holy month of Ramzan.. The message of Ramzan is a saga of control of resources and mindset through regulating the intake of food. It is also a month of gift of food. During the daytime our muslim brothers and sisters fast, but they partake in the food during nights, and the hearty part of it is that they all ensure no human being who has fasted during daytime goes hungry during the night also. Of course the continuous physical existence is achieved by eating and digesting food. In fact all the living creatures somehow manage to get food at periodical intervals and if food is absent for a reasonably long time, they cease to live. (At this moment we have think of the mother...she supplies food for the foetus in her womb and after the child is born ensures that it is fed and kept alive, until it has learned enough skill to eke out its own food.. every mother does it even at the cost of sacrificing their own lives in the process.) But mere exiistnce and a vegetation is achieved by this food. But a meaningful existence will be in place only if the food for the brain, that is, vidya (education) is imparted. Here also every living being through some biological promptings which one may call intelligence, instinct, or by any other name acquire some

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habits which sustain them and ensure their safe livelihood. However, the human beings go one step ahead and learn things much more than what is required for an ordinary existence. The quintessence of knowledge which has been evolved through generations and kept pure through perhaps repeated process of evaporation and distillation lies with the guru...that knowledge when imparted to the disciple through education makes the world what it is for us the human beings. We consider the faculty to impart and receive education as the mother intellect, and the teacher who is the medium of imparting the knowledge as the embodiment of God himself.

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58 He is the doctor

yes, arre jarjarbhte vydhigraste kalebare auadham jhnav toyam vaidyo nrayao hari. (when the human body is afflicted with old age and diseases, the only medicine is the holy waters of Ganga and the solitary doctor in the Lord Narayana himself) In fact one has to say it is not disease but death that has no cure.. because it is a natural process like birth.. and it is only a state of the jeeva for a pre ordained period decided by the blessed lord. One need not worry about the cancer that afflicts the body, there is another sort of cancer, may be we call it arrogance, ill will to others, anger and so one which afflicts the psyche and it neither kills nor allows us to live in gods blessed state. I forwarded a message on cancer I received only because it is a prayer for our fellow human beings...I dont know for myself whether there is real cure for cancer, but I have seen people succumb to worry when they are aware of this malady and the worry sometimes is more dangerous than the disease [email protected] mob 09446508855

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I had an elderly friend who was the embodiment of happiness, and he spread his optimism and goodwill wherever he went. A large number of friends used to call him ammavan (uncle). The man was not affluent but very rich in love for others. Suddenly for some days he was having sore throat and when it persisted, he went to a speciality hospital and was diagnosed of throat cancer. The man's mirth simply disappeared. He went into a shell. All words of comfort were in vain. On my part, all I could do was to hand over a picture of Guruvayurappan which I was keeping with myself for a long time. When he took it I saw a light on his eyes which was not of this world. Of course the disease is cruel and the worry is still more cruel and without much warning he passed away within a fortnight. But the light I saw in his eyes when he saw the picture of Guruvayurappan still lingers in my mind after three decades. The lord is the vaidya because He can keep company to our soul and lead it away peacefully when the ordained day comes. What are we before His divine will? Namaskarams. Krishnaarpanam.

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59 schedule for rage

uttame kaakopo syt madhyame ghaikdvaya| adhame syt ahortra ppihe marantaka||

for people with excellent charater, the anger even though provoked, will remain with them for a split second, for the people of average and mundane character, the anger will linger for about 48 minutes (two ghatikaas), for persons with inferior character, the anger may continue for a full day and night, but for the wretched sinner, the anger will remain with him as long as he lives.

The comparative time limits are only poetic liberty, but it is evident that a man with an unbiased mind might get angry when provoked but can regain his calm in a jiffy. But for the black mind the spark of anger once provoked will start burning him and persist with him till the body reaches the graveyard.

I am not able to trace the source for this old piece of wisdom because sanskrit language is too full with such anonymous quotes and anyone from Kalidasa to Kanfusion can claim copyright for them

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60 only one difference I hranidr bhayamaithuna ca smnyametad paubhirnar| dharmo hi temadhiko viea dharmovihna paubhissamana||

Eating food, going to sleep, fear of others and copulation are all common factors for human beings and other animals. In addition to these the man is capable of having the sense of righteousness (dharma) . If he is bereft of dharma, then there is no difference between him and the animals 61 tribute to mother of muses 2 tvay jua irbhavati devi tvay brahmgatarruta tvay| tvay juacitra vindate vasu s no juasva draviena medhe|| ------------ mahnryaopaniat 41------------2

this is the second manthra praising the mother of muses. Oh Mother, one who has the fortune of having a glimpse by your sacred eyes becomes a seer, he becomes the knower of Brahma, blessed by you he comes into possession of bounteous riches,,, Therefore, Mother Intellect, please be kind on us. This manthra again is a reinforcement of the staunch belief of the vedic man that knowledge flows from the godhead and wealth and fame flows from such knowledge. The loftiest intellectual of the period must have discovered such manthras but he is humble enough and bereft of any arrogance... he

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acknowledges the source of what he has very sincerely.. a full and true disclosure.

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62 tribute to the mother of muses I II medh dev juam na gdvivc bhadr sumanasyamn tvay ju juam duruktnbhadvadema vidathe suvr mahnrayaopaniat 41 1

:

May the all embracing goddess of intellect who is always showering benefits on us, who is always pleased with us and who is delighted by us her children, be with us. Oh Goddess of muse and supreme intellect, may we the silly humans who spend our days recklessly in worthless talk till you visit us and kindle our intellect, as a result of your affection and compassion to us which is manifested by your visit to our mind, become enlightened and also capable of expressing and sharing the Supreme Truth along with our heroic sons and disciples. This is a prayer every guru makes to the goddess of intellect to kindle his intellect so that he is weaned away from meaningless harangue and is visited with Supreme Wisdom... He wants to share the wisdom with his disciples and sons. The most important aspect we have to notice is that the learned guru is well aware that his wisdom is flowing from the sweet grace of the Goddess of Knowledge and that he will be worthy of only empty speech if the Goddess is not in his company. The vedas (this mantra will be found in rgveda and atharvaveda also) have recognized the goddess, a woman, as the embodiment of all knowledge, even though we worship Krishna , Dakshinaamoorthi and Sankara as the preceptors of the world. The personification of Mother Gayatri as a woman is another tribute to their lofty thoughts. The woman embodies the knowledge and the man disseminates the knowledge through the blessing of that great mother. The idea that prakruti the woman and purusha (male) the doer compliment [email protected] mob 09446508855

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other to turn the wheel of universe is delightfully acknowledged by our ancestors. No male chauvinism. For the preceptor his own son and his disciple are on equal footing. He prays for the acquisition of knowledge so that he can impart the same to his own sons and his disciples. The gurus eagerness to attain brilliant disciples is also a glorious feature of our ancient traditions. Vide taittareeyopanishad... ... myantu brahmacria svh .... etc., Finally one can notice with awe the complete lack of arrogance on the part of the Guru... he simply attributes all that is great to the bounty of the Goddess of Muse. This manthra along with one more mantra following it is worshipfully chanted like the Holy Gayatri by the devotees of Knowledge[my learned friends must forgive me if I have skirted the terse interpretation of the greats like Sayana because a manthra from vedas (the Mahanarayanopanishad is for all practical purposes a part of Yajurveda..) if translated verbatim may carry little meaning to the non-pedantic readers of our generation.. but the essence is not lost, I hope]

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63mass and energy Brahmajajnaanam prathamam purastaad.. the two of a large number of vyakhyanams of this I give below the full mantra is brahmajajnaanam prathamam purstad viseematha surucho vena aapah sa buddhniya upama asya vishtaa satascha yonim asatascha vivah. Vena, the noon sun who was born at the beginning of the creation as the first effect of the Supreme Reality, Brahman, and who is of excellent brilliance spreads over the whole world up to its boundary. He illuminates also the heavenly bodies.. He remains manifoldly in his own limited forms which are like himself. He also spreads over and permeates the causal substance out of which the visible and invisible universe emerges// Mahanarayanopanishat You see the sun is recognised as the source of all energy, and the quantum manifestations of the energy as from the sun, the relativity of energy and mass, the medium of ether, the sun giving light to other heavenly bodies, are all given in this mantra..which is also appearing in taittariya samhita of Krishna yajurvedam and atharva vedam also Sayana interprets it differently.He takes this mantra as a glorification of Paramaatma the ground of universe and the cause of the energising and illuminating sun through which He functions (More in line with my view in the para immediately above.

As a scientist the quantum mechanical and relativistic aspects should interest you. What our culture envisaged millennia ago, when put to words by the westernised stamps gained popularity. This was written thousands of years before Einstein and Max Planck. The germans took away many valuable texts from India and learned Sanskrit, it is said. How do you feel about it?

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64 the supreme virtues and vices

lobhaced vada guena ki piunat yadyasti ki ptakai satya cet taps ca ki ucimano yadyasti trtthena ki| saujanya yadi cet balena mahim yadyasti kim maanai sadvidy yadi ki dhanairapayao yadyasti kim mtyun| If one is greedy he is doomed even without other nasty traits in his character. If one is a professional scandalmonger, why should he have any other sin to ruin himself? If one is absolutely devoted to truth, other penances may not be very significant for him. If one's mind is devoid of all evil thoughts, pilgrimmages will have nothing to add to his glory. If one is having sterling character, brutal physical strength need not come to his rescue. If ones standing in the society and fame are very high, what is he to do with ordinary embellishments and jewellery? If one has in depth knowledge wealth