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Satyam Fiasco

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Page 1: Satyam Ppt

Satyam Fiasco

Page 2: Satyam Ppt

SATYAM• Set up in the year 1987 to provide

services in IT sector • India’s 4th biggest software

company in India• It is listed in BSE, NSE, NYSE and

Euronext (Amsterdam). • BSE IPO oversubscribed 17 times

when made public in 1991• The company employs 53,000 IT

professionals across development centers in 6 continents

First IT Company in the World Certified under ISO9001:2000 Ranked Among India’s Top 10 Best Employers, 2004 and 2003 Top 13 Best-Managed Companies in India Winner, Corporate Citizen I award for Corporate Social Responsibility SAP Pinnacle Award 2008 Satyam Wins golden peacock award for excellence in Corporate Governance on Global level for 2nd time United Kingdom Trade and Investment India Business Award for Corporate Social Responsibility

Page 3: Satyam Ppt

> Chairman and founder Satyam Computers Services Limited> MBA from Ohio University> IT man of the year award by Data Quest in 2002> Winner of Ernst & Young entrepreneur of the year award in 2007

> He became the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer in 1991> Mr. Rama Raju holds a Master of Economics degree from Loyola College, Chennai and a MBA degree from Loredo State University, Texas> Before 1997, he was with Maytas Infra Limited as one of its Directors

B. Ramalinga RajuFounder & Chairman, Satyam

Computers Ltd.

B. Rama RajuPromoter & CEO, Satyam Computers


Page 4: Satyam Ppt

Satyam Clients

A total of 650 Clients (185 of the top fortune

500 Companies)

Page 5: Satyam Ppt

Satyam Board StructureOther

Independent Directors

Dr. M. Srinivasan

Prof. Krishna G Palepu

Mr. Vinod K Dham

Prof. M Rammohan


Mr. T R Prasad

Prof. V S Raju

ISB Dean/Bharat electronics

Sasken Communication/Hellsoft /Montalvo Systems and Newpath

Former CabinetSecretary /GMR Infra/ GVK Taj

Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories

B.Ramalinga RajuPromoter & Chairman

B.Rama RajuPromoter & CEO

Ram MynampatiWhole time Executive Director

Srinivas Vadlamani Chief Financial Officer

Page 6: Satyam Ppt

Satyam – Share holding Pattern

Institutional & Non-Institutional Shareholders

LIC 4.34%L&T 4%LazardAberdeen

13.16%FidelityICICI PrudentialCitigroupJP MorganTotal Market capitalization of Rs.

15,262 Cr (As on Dec 16, 2008 )

Page 7: Satyam Ppt

Maytas Infrastructure

• The Raju’s hold 36.64 per cent while institutional holding is 10.92 per cent

• The company had raised Rs 327.45 crore through IPO.

• It had a turnover of Rs 1,660 crore and net profit of Rs 100 crore in the last financial year

• Satyam planned to acquire 51 per cent stake for Rs 1,440 crore or $0.3 billion

Mr. Teja Raju(VC)

Page 8: Satyam Ppt

Maytas Properties

• Raju’s family owns 35% of Maytas properties• Founded in 2005, it has a land bank of 6,800

acres• It has clearances for three IT SEZs based on 148

acres• An undisclosed stake is held by Infinite India

Investment Management, a realty fund jointly promoted by JM Financial and US-based SRM Investments, which invested Rs 600 crore in February

B. Rama Raju Jr. (VC)

Page 9: Satyam Ppt

So, How did it all began?

Page 10: Satyam Ppt

21 April 2008

22 Sep 2008

26 Jan 2009

Satyam revenues cross $1 Billion


Satyam becomes first Indian company to

publish IFRS audited financials

Satyam receives the Golden Peacock Award for excellence in

Corporate Governance from World council

Page 11: Satyam Ppt

16 Dec 2008

Satyam backs out of Maytas deal citing investors protest

17 Dec 2008

26 Jan 2009

Major Clients of Satyam express dissatisfaction.Contracts worth $200 million up for grabs

Satyam gets board approval for

controlling stake in Maytas Infrastructure and Maytas properties

as fully owned subsidiary for $1.6B

(Rs. 8000 Cr.)

Satyam shares plunge 55 percent in NYSE. BSE share plunges over 30%

Board meeting to be held on Dec 29 for proposed buyback of shares

Page 12: Satyam Ppt

19 Dec

23 Dec

206Jan 2009

British mobile solution provider Upaid files a law suit

against Satyam in a district Court in the US over Maytas deal in Texas. May face $1

Billion in penalties

20 Dec

Centre refers Satyam deal to Registrar of Companies (RoC)

World Bank bans Satyam for 8 years due to inappropriate payments to

staff and inability to provide information sought on invoices

Page 13: Satyam Ppt

26 Dec

28 Dec

26 Jan 2009

Board announces exploring option for buyback of

shares to restore investor


1st independent director Dr. Mangalam Srinivasan

resigns from Satyam board

Board meet initially scheduled for 29th postponed to 10th


29 Dec

3 more Independent Directors resigned. Mendu Rammohan Rao, Krishna G

Palepu and Vinod K Dham

Satyam asks DSP to review board structure

Rumors in market about strategic

takeover by IBM, Accenture

IL&FS sells 44.1 lakh pledged shares of Satyam

promoters in 1 day. Promoters equity reduced from 8.6% to aprrox 7%

Satyam objects to world bank statements,

asks to apologies or

face legal action

Promoters disclose that their entire holding in Satyam

pledged with institutional lenders since 2006

Page 14: Satyam Ppt

30 Dec

02 Jan

26 Jan 2009

Post cancellation of deal, Maytas looks for raising

$500 million through sale of

equities and properties

IL&FS sells further 44.27 Lakh

pledged shares taking the tally to 1.5 crore pledged


03 Jan

Satyam board confirms promoters stake to be

around 5%. Further 3.2% still pledged.

Satyam-Upaid case hearing over the

Maytas deal in Texas court on January 8.

Page 15: Satyam Ppt

05 Jan

06 Jan

26 Jan 2009

SEBI considers proposal to make it

mandatory for promoters and majority share

holders to disclosed pledged shares to stock exchange

Total pledged shares sold by IL&FS reaches 2.5 Cr. in last

13 days. Promoters stake down to 3.6%. Still a further

1.7% are pledgedPromoters stake in

the company downs to 4.5%

Tech Mahindra (Revenues 3766 Cr.) offers to merge with

Satyam (Revenues 8473 Cr.)

The Night Before 7th Jan

Merill Lynch discovers serious irregularities in books of

accounts and approaches regulator SEBI for further

course of action and its inability to investigate further. DSP submits report to SEBI and

Satyam management late night.

Page 16: Satyam Ppt

07 Jan

26 Jan 2009

09:45 A.M. Satyam Chairman

Ramalinga Raju writes the following letter to the

company board

Adobe Acrobat Document

Satyam BSE scrip falls 78%

DSP snaps ties with satyam.

Auditing firm PWC under scanner

Govt. instructs RoC to review report

Ram Mynampati takes over as interim CEO according to Raju’s


Hunt for Raju brothers begin. Amid speculation over his whereabouts, Raju is believed to have left for the United States

in connection with a court case.

Satyam stripped of Golden Peacock award

NSE removes Satyam from its benchmark index Nifty. It was replaced by Reliance Capital with effect from January 12. It was also be removed

from various other indices like CNX 100, S&P CNX 500,CNX IT and the CNX Services sector index

Page 17: Satyam Ppt

08 Jan


26 Jan 2009

Raju brothers arrested by the police on charges of criminal conspiracy,

cheating, forgery, misappropriation of funds and criminal breach of trust.

PwC in major trouble. Stocks of PwC clients take a major beating at the BSE and NSE

BSE to replace Satyam Computer with Sun

Pharmaceutical in its benchmark index Sensex with effect from January 12.

PwC shot back at Satyam, saying in a media statement that the

auditing was based on the audit evidence provided by Satyam and in was accordance with applicable



CFO Valdamani Srinivas, who is the

financial custodian of the company resigns

Market Capitalization of satyam falls to Rs. 1,607 Cr from Rs.15,262 Cr. on Dec 16 in 19 trading sessions.

Former CFO Valdamani Srinivas remanded to

judicial custody

Page 18: Satyam Ppt

13 Jan


26 Jan 2009

The newly appointed 3 member board appoints auditing firm KPMG and Delloitte to assist it in cleaning

the mess in the scam tainted company’s accounts

Government hands satyam case to SFIO


Maytas stocks hit the lower circuit for 7th consecutive

trading session

23 year old employee of

satyam commits suicide in Chennai


The government expanded the three-member Satyam board to six to include S

Balakrishnan of Life Insurance Corporation, Tarun Das, chief mentor of the

Confederation of Indian Industry and T N Manoharan, former president of the

Institute of Chartered Accountants of India

Page 19: Satyam Ppt

Satyam Decade at a Glance

Page 20: Satyam Ppt

Why on 7Why on 7thth Jan 2009? Jan 2009?

• DSP Merrill Lynch informed SEBI about Material irregularities in Accounts on 6th Jan

• Minutes of Meeting of 16th December,2008 were not submitted to RoC-(This created some doubts)

• Hearing of Upaid- satyam case on 8th Jan at the US court

Page 21: Satyam Ppt

Raju ban gaya conman……How?

• Proposing High risk Maytas acquisition

• Overvaluing the proposed acquisition

• Promoter pledging their holdings (decrease in


• Refusing to resign

• Fudging Income statement

Page 22: Satyam Ppt

Maytas Acquisition • Valuation of Maytas duo was done at $1.6 bn as against actual $ 225 mn

• Violation of Section 372A of the Companies act

Page 23: Satyam Ppt

Fabricated Income Statements ‘Creative Account Practice’

• Details of cash balances with Scheduled banks are not there in the Annual report

• Question raised by Equity analyst Kawaljeet Saluja -$500 mn cash parked in current account

Page 24: Satyam Ppt

Overstated cash balances, Income receivables

Understated LiabilitiesFraud Amount

Page 25: Satyam Ppt

Why and How How ????

Page 26: Satyam Ppt

• Stake decreased from 21.6% to 3.6%• Money raised through 4 Front run Co. by

offloading pledged shares (under investigation)

0 50 100 150 200

Bangar Agro

Amravati Greenlands

Narayandri Greenfields

Harangi Agro

Amount (In Rs. Cr)

Amount (In Rs. Cr)

Share Pledging

Page 27: Satyam Ppt

Fake FD receipts and Employee Nos.??

Repeat the procedure

Page 28: Satyam Ppt

Satyam-Maytas Nexus Contd…..

• Cash raised & siphoned off funds used to buy several thousands of acres of land across AP through several benami accounts

• Helped Maytas in getting major contracts• Question raised by E.Shreedharan regarding Hyderabad Metro Project being allocated to Maytas Infra.

Page 29: Satyam Ppt

Some Comments

• If the first fraud is for Rs100, the next time add another zero. It (accounting fraud) grows exponentially – Anil Roy, Grant Thornton India

• It was like riding a tiger, not knowing how to get off without being eaten- Raju Ramalinga while admitting the fraud

• On Wikipedia, for the first time, India has been put on to the list of largest corporate scandals in the world, all thanks to Satyam – a blogger

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Comparison – Satyam and Maytas share prices

Page 32: Satyam Ppt

Valuation of Shares

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The Inside News

• Satyam's CFO Srinivas Wadlamani has sold around 8,00,000 shares & even Satyam's interim CEO, Maynampati has sold 4,00,000 shares in past 6 months above Rs 300 per share.

• Satyam’s top 40 officials collectively sold shares worth more than Rs 300 crores in the past 6 months

Page 34: Satyam Ppt

SEBI Investigation• Regulation 7 of the SEBI (Prohibition of Fraudulent Unfair

Trade Practices relating to the Securities Markets) Regulations, 2003

• Sub-regulation (1) of Regulation 5 of the SEBI (Prohibition of Insider Trading) Regulations, 1992

• Sub-regulation (1) of Regulation 29 of the SEBI (Merchant Bankers) Regulations, 1992

• Regulation 38 of the SEBI (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) Regulations, 1997.

• Section 24(Contravening provisions of the Act or any rules or regulations) - Imprisonment up to 10 years and/or fine of up to Rs 25 crore

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• SECTION 209:

Inspection of books of account, etc., of companies

• SECTION 388 B:

Reference to Tribunal of cases against managerial personnel.


Interim order by Tribunal.

• SECTION 408:

Appointment a completely new board or appointment of additional directors

once approved by the Company Law Board (CLB)

Page 37: Satyam Ppt


• Non-compliance with the listing agreement invites sanctions under the

Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act (SCRA) which include imprisonment

and fines.

• The SCRA independently imposes an obligation to maintain books of

accounts or records as per the terms of the listing agreement.

• Violation of these terms may lead to a penalty of Rs 1 lakh for each day of

violation or Rs 1 crore whichever is lesser.

• The SCRA also provides that if a company fails to comply with the listing

conditions or commits a breach thereof, it shall be liable to a penalty up

to Rs 25 crore.

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• SECTION 120 B :

Punishment of criminal conspiracy

• SECTION 409 :

Criminal breach of trust by public servant, or by banker, merchant or agent

• SECTION 420:

Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property

• SECTION 468:

Forgery for purpose of cheating

• SECTION 471:

Using as genuine a forged document or electronic record

Page 39: Satyam Ppt

Criminal Prosecution

• Failure to comply with Adjudication Officer’s orders attracts penalty


– Imprisonment of at least one month, and upto ten years; or

– Fine of upto another Rs. 25 crores; or

– Both

• New concept of private prosecution in the SCRA

• Sessions Court alone may try offences

Page 40: Satyam Ppt

Role of Auditor

• According to law there should be an external and an internal auditor(can be outsourced)

• Job is to check whether processes are being followed and are accurate and adequate

• One of the key audit test is to validate firm’s cash and bank balances(what was PwC doing)

Page 41: Satyam Ppt

• Dec 05 - RBI bars PwC from bank audits after it found that the firm under-provided for non-performing assets of Global Trust Bank

• Mar 06 - Out of court settlement with shareholders of Internet Company E-district

• Mar 07 - Raid by Russian Ministry in criminal cases related to oil firm OAO Yukos

• July 07 - Paid $225 million to shareholders of Tyco international after proved guilty of accounting fraud

• July 08 - Facing a probe at Scottish Mineral water subsidiary for inability to spot $90 m fraud

And Now the Satyam Fiasco

Page 42: Satyam Ppt

In the trap..PwC

• One of the big four Auditors world wide ( Revenues of $28 Bn)

• Arthur Andersen(child of PwC) & Enron -Year 2001-02• Evading Income tax & Service tax in at least two cases

of tax evasion.• Imp thing to note that How could PwC have no clue

of inflation of Balance sheet to 5,040 crores since yrs and DSP ML realizing it in less than 2 weeks

Page 43: Satyam Ppt

Wary Investors exit PwC Clients

• Investors brought shares of other companies in the same sector

• Out of 100 clients of PwC, most companies share fell by 5-15%.

• Risk of Reputation• The ICAI & RBI stand on this

Page 44: Satyam Ppt

What’s next….• CA ministry dissolved the Satyam Board and

announced new members• 3 more members-chief mentor of CII Tarun

Das, ex-president of ICAI T N Manoharan and S Balkrishna Mainak of LIC

Deepak Parekh

Former HDFC Chairmam

Kiran karnik

Former NASSCOM Chairmam

C Achutan

Former SEBI Member

What after that:

• Board says No to financial Bailout package

• Lazard sold its 5.3 % stake

• KPMG and Deloitte appointed as auditors but will be working through Indian subsidiaries

Page 45: Satyam Ppt

Other Options for the Government

• Satyam to be broken up into pieces BPO, Verticals, Service Lines• Stabilize Satyam and merge with bigger IT firm

( as L & T hike in its stake)• The new team may fight back to retain the

existing clients and once everything settled may emerge again

Page 46: Satyam Ppt

In the News..

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Bidders For Satyam

• iGATE, Tech Mahindra and Essar Group have already evinced interest in buying parts of Satyam.

Page 49: Satyam Ppt

• Satyam's new board of directors, which met here to select the highest bidder, chose Tech Mahindra following its bid of Rs 1,757 crore ($351.4 million) for 31 per cent stake in the scam-tainted IT giant.

• Tech Mahindra offered Rs 58 for each Satyam share.• Outbidding the engineering giant L&T, Tech Mahindra on

Monday emerged the highest bidder for Satyam Computer and may have to shell out up to Rs 2,900 cr for acquiring a 51 per cent stake. Tech Mahindra offered Rs 58 for every Rs 10 share while L&T's bid price stood at Rs 45.90. The highest bidder is required to bring in Rs 1,756 cr for 31 per cent.

Page 50: Satyam Ppt