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Hatha yoga

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  • 10/12/2015 ShatKarmasandKriyas:

    http://www.rainbowbody.net/Purity/Kriya.htm#preface 1/65

    TheShatKarmasandHathaYogaKriyas

    CONTENTS

    Preface:theContextoftheKriyasinModernTimes

    Introduction

    AjnaKriyaorKapalarandhrakriya

    EarCleansing:KarnaDhauti

    Tratak

    Kapalabhati

    NadiSuddhi

    Neti

    TongueCleansing(JivhanirlekhanorJivhaKriya))

    UpperPalateMassageincludingKhechariMudra

    DantaDhauti(TeethWashing)

    NauliKriya,NauliChalana,Laukiki,orLauliki

    Agnisara(Vahnisara)Kriya

    VamanaDhauti(sometimescalled,jaldhauti,kunjalKriya,orGajaKarni)

    Hrid(heart)Dhauti,DandaDhauti(stick)DhautiandVastra(cloth)Dhauti

    Vastra(cloth)Dhauti(alsosometimescalledHridDhauti

  • 10/12/2015 ShatKarmasandKriyas:

    http://www.rainbowbody.net/Purity/Kriya.htm#preface 2/65

    VatasaraDhauti(InternalAirWashing):BhujanginiMudra

    ShankhaPrakshalanaKriya:varisaraorsahajbastikriya

    JalBasti

    AswiniMudraandSthulaBasti

    Citra,Mulasodhanakriya,andGaneshKriya

    VajroliMudra

    TheHathaYogaKriyas,PreliminaryActionsandPurificationActionsSuchastheShatkarmas(sixactivities)ortheAshtakarmas(theeightactivities)

    AccordingtoTraditionalHathaYoga

    Preface:TheContextoftheHathaYogaKriyasinModernTimes

    "Wearelikespringsofwaterwhichnolongerrunbecausetheyhavenotbeenwatchedandhavegraduallybecomechokedwithrubbish."

    AlbertSchweitzer,"TheDecayandRestorationofCivilization"translatedfromtheGermanbyC.T.Campion,Macmillan,1932

    Whataretheseancientpurificationexercisescalledtheshat(six)karmas(activities)orsometimesmoresimplycalledthekriyas(preliminarypurificationactivities)whichopenthepathwaysofthebody,thenadis,theenergybody,themind,andheart?

    FollowingadiscussionoftheseancientyogatechniqueswillbedescribedinapracticalmethodastheyweretaughtinIndiaforoverathousandyears.Thesepurificationpracticesarementionedinmanyancientyogictextssuchasthe"HathaYogaPradipika",the"GherandSamhita",the"SivaSamhita",the"SatkarmaSangrahaofRaghavira",andmanyothers.Originallytheyweretaughtaspartoftheancienthathayogaoraltradition,fromadepttostudent.

    Repression,inhibition,andperversionofthefivekoshas,thevayus(winds),threedoshas,andtheinnateintelligenceinrelationtotheShatKarmas

    Coughing,sneezing,vomiting,spitting,shitting,urinating,crying,sweating,and

  • 10/12/2015 ShatKarmasandKriyas:

    http://www.rainbowbody.net/Purity/Kriya.htm#preface 3/65

    "evacuation"ingeneralarebasicfunctionsthataregenerallyculturallyrepressed'i.e.wearetrainedtocontrolthem,nottomentionthem,andoftentheybecomeswearwordsoractsofdisrespect,yetitistheircleansingactivitywhichtheyshareincommon.Acommonalitywhichistoberespectedratherthandespised,avoided,ordeniedinahealthysociety.

    Intraditionalyoga,yoginsaregiventheshatkarmasintheverybeginning.Thishelpstounplugtherepressionofculturalconditioning,openuptheenergychannels,activatetheenergycenters,andalsounburdenthephysicalbodyofaccumulatedobstructionsandtoxins.

    HenceitisclearthattheshatkarmasareNOTsimplyphysicalcleansingexercises,rathertheyutilizespecificbodilydynamics,evolutionarylifefunctions,energeticandpsychicsmechanicsinordertoremoveemotional,mental,andenergeticblockagesandhindrances.Theyaffectthephysicalbody,theenergybody,themental/emotionalbody,thecreativethoughtprocessesandthepathwaysofembodimentandrelationshipinapositiveway.

    Tobesuretheshatkarmasarenotmerelyforkapha(phlegm)diseases.Indeed,intheAyurvedicsystemsimilarpurificationpracticesaremostoftengivenfortheremovalofexcessphlegmandindeedtheshatkarmasaccomplishthisaswell.ButAyurvedamedicinediffersinmanyregardtoclassicalhathayogainregardtothelocationandactionofthe10vayusandwindsandtheyalsodifferastothevalueoftheshatkarmas.Inshorttheshatkarmashelpremovetheobstructions/hindrances(kleshas)andinthatverybasicwaytheyremoveignorance.Allpracticingyoginsintheclassicalhathayogatraditionacceptthattheyhaveafflictionsandarededicatedinremovingthem.Itistothatendthattheshatkarmasactaseffectiveadjuncts.

    Forexamplethebenefitoftheupwardvayu(wind)thatcontrolsthecoughinginstinctistoclearcongestioninthelungsorthroat(mainlylungs).Ifthisisrepressedorinhibitedindailylife,aslowerinstinctsoftenare,thenthatnaturalvayusbecomesdisordered/disturbed,distorted,ordemeaned.Diseasethencaneasilyfollowhenthisvayuandhealthpreservinginstinctisperverted.

    Similarlyafullsneezehelpsclearthesinusandactivatetheenergyofthehead,avomitistocleartheabdomenofpoison,urination(thebladder/kidneys),shitting(theintestines),sexualfunction(thesexualorgansbecomeactivated),sweating(theskinisactivated),tearingcleanstheeyes,andsoforth.Arepression,inhibition,oranysuchattempttocontrolordemeananyofthesefunctionshaveseverebody/mindrepercussionsinthatspirit'screativevitalintentionremainsdisembodiedandunheeded/ignored.Allinhibitionsandrepressionleaveaneuralandenergeticpatternedimprint(samskara)whichforthemostparthavetobecomeentirelydestroyedandplacedunderthecontroloflivingspirit(thenondualtrueSelf.HencetheshatkarmasareastepinthisoverallprocessofsurrendertotheallpervadingSelf,isvarapranidhana.

  • 10/12/2015 ShatKarmasandKriyas:

    http://www.rainbowbody.net/Purity/Kriya.htm#preface 4/65

    Naturally,theintelligencegoverningthesenaturalfunctionswhenleftalonetodotheirjobswillkeepthebodyhealthy,themindunashamed,andthecreativejuicesflowing.Whensuppressedthenvariousmental,emotional,energetic,and/orphysicaldiseasesarise.Againitisnotonlyinkaphadiseaseswhicharisefromsuchdumbingdownoftheinstinctandintuition,buttheentiremanifestationbody,energy,body,andmental/emotionalbodysuffersaswellasthecreativefunction.Onanenenergeticleveltheseinhibitionsdistorttheenergeticbalanceofthebodycreatingdisordersofthedoshasandvayus(pranas),Onaphysicalbodylevelthesediseasemanifestintheimbalanceoftheelements,organs,andglandularfunctionsasellastheincreaseinama(toxins)whichfurtherirritateandaggravatethevariousphysicalsystems.Suchcanmanifestinamyriadofphysicaldiseasessuchaslistlessness,sloth,lethargy,dullness,excessmucous,phlegm,soreness,lowbackpain,stiffness,headaches,asthma,andawidevarietyofdysfunction,inhibition,anddiseaseadinfinitum.

    Thesebody,breath,wind,energetic,mental/emotional,psychic,andconsciousnessrelationshipsareknownbythosewhoknowthebody,thewinds,energy,mind,emotionsandtrueself,notbythosewhoignoreit.Hence,theshatkarmashelpustoknowthis.

    Ideallyhumancultureandcivilizationwouldnotdemean,suppress,orinhibitnaturalvitallifefunctionsbutratherencouragesuch.Forthosewhoseinnerwisdomisnotsubverted,demeaned,repressed,ignored,ordisconnectedthosedonotneedtheshatkarmasbecausetheyarealreadyinsahajsamadhi.

    TheSpecialRelevanceoftheHathaYogaKriyasToday

    Inancienttimesitwasbelievedthatthehumanmindandbodybecomesnegativelyprogrammedandconditionedthroughnegativeexperiencesthatreinforceignoranceandconfusion(avidya).Theobjectofthisconditioningthenbecomesseducedandalignedtothisperverseandpollutedorientationandattitude.Asaresultaddictivedependenceuponbadhabits,tendencies(vasana),negativeemotions(kleshas),andfurthernegativekarmabecomereinforcedinacyclicpatterncalledbondage.Keytothesenegativepropensitiestowardsufferingandbondagearethekleshas,whicharethenegativeemotionsormindtoxins.Thismentalpollutionalsohasphysicalcorrespondenceinthehumanbody.

    Sinceyogaisaspiritualpracticethatreconnectsallofrealitybody,mind,breath,nature,andSourceasanintimatewholisticsynergisticsynchronicity,amajorpracticehasbeentoremovethatwhichwasblocking/obstructingtheseconnections.Thusthemanyyogictechniqueswerethusdesignedtobreakupblockages,obstructions,andpoisonsofthebodymind.Whilenegativeconditioningcreatesfurtherafflictiveemotionsbecausemansnormalbehaviorisgovernedbythenormalmindgovernedbykleshasandkarma,apurifiedbodymindcreatespositivekarmaandisnolongergovernedbykleshasortoxicthought.

  • 10/12/2015 ShatKarmasandKriyas:

    http://www.rainbowbody.net/Purity/Kriya.htm#preface 5/65

    Especiallytoday,theearthispolluted,ourfood,air,water,physicalbodyaswellaspsychicatmosphereispolluted.Why?Becausethecommonmansmindandhearthasbecomepollutedandcorruptedthroughnegativeprogramming.Thatnegativeprogrammingiswhathathayogaisdesignedtoreverse.Atremendousaidinthatrespectistheshatkarmas.Thelinkbetweenmanspathologicaldestructionoftheearthandhencehispathologicalattitudetohisownexternallifesupportsystemsisofcourseintimatelylinkedtohispathologicalattitudetowardhisbody(hisinnerlifesupportsystem).Itisthisinnerandouterharmonywhichhathayogaharmonizesorganically.Itisnotonlybecauseofmansbloodstreamistoxicwhichinturntoxifiesthenervoussystemandbrain,butthistoxicstateextendstomanssocialinstitutionsingeneralextendingtohiscoarseandcarelessunfeelingtreatmentofotherlifeformsaswell(hisfellowmanandallotherspeciesincludinghabitat).Thisdestructionattitudeoftheimmaturemantowardhisenvironmentisareflectionofhislowstateofspiritualevolution.Yogaontheotherhandisdesignedtoquickenthisevolutionthroughaugmentingmansinherentabilitiestowardselfpurification,selfactivation,andSelfintegration.

    Inshorthathayogisfoundthattheprocessesandtechniquesofhathayogaproducedagenuinepurificationwhichpositivelyaffectedthebody,thenervoussystem,thebrain,themindopeningupmansheartandeventuallyopeningupthepreviouslyblockedchannelsbetweenheavenandearthbetweenspiritandnaturebetweenmindandbodycrownchakraandrootchakra,andthelike.Dormantevolutionarycircuitrywereunearthed,resurrected,andopenedup,activated,andintegrated.

    Assuchthepurifyingeffectsofasana,pratyaya,pranayama,dharana(concentration),andmeditation(dhyana),theyam/niyams,lifestylechanges,andsoforthallactedsynergisticallytoaugmenttheprocessofcompleteandfinalunionbeyondpractice(samadhi).Assuchthehathayogakriyaswereseenasagreatbenefactorinspeedingupthisprocess,whileinmanyschoolsofhathayogaitwasseenasanessentialprerequisite.

    InAyurvedicmedicineaswellinyogictherapy,thesekriyaswerealsoappliedforawidevarietyofailmentsofthebody/mind.WithinyogatherapyandAyurvedathekriyasareespeciallybenef