swami desikan’s Śrī varadarāja pañcāśath  · an english summary of dissertation

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  • Swami DesikansSwami DesikansSwami Desikans

    r Varadarja Pacathr Varadarja Pacathr Varadarja Pacath

    Commentary and Translation by

    Sri Oppiliappan Koil Varadachari SadagOpanSri Oppiliappan Koil Varadachari SadagOpan

    Sri T. N. AarAvamudhanSri T. N. AarAvamudhan

    Sri SathakOpa TatachArSri SathakOpa TatachAr

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    5

    16

    SlOkam 1 20 SlOkam 2 28 SlOkam 3 31 SlOkam 4 34 SlOkam 5 36 SlOkam 6 38 SlOkam 7 40 SlOkam 8 43 SlOkam 9 46 SlOkam 10 48 SlOkam 11 50 SlOkam 12 52

    Swamy Desikans Vibhava and archA anubhavams of Lord Varadhan and the importance of Sri VaradararAja PanchAsat (vrtraj pwfcactfti[f "bfbmf) by Dr. SatakOpa TatAchAr, Kaimkaryaparar, Swamy Desikan Sannidhi, Thooppul.

    Slokams and Commentaries by r nr simha sev rasikan r Oppiliappan Koil Varadchri athagopan

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    SlOkam 13 55 SlOkam 14 57 SlOkam 15 60 SlOkam 16 63 SlOkam 17 67 SlOkam 18 69 SlOkam 19 71 SlOkam 20 74 SlOkam 21 76 SlOkam 22 78 SlOkam 23 80 SlOkam 24 82 SlOkam 25 84 SlOkam 26 86 SlOkam 27 88 SlOkam 28 90 SlOkam 29 92 SlOkam 30 94 SlOkam 31 96 SlOkam 32 98 SlOkam 33 100 SlOkam 34 102 SlOkam 35 105

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    SlOkam 36 107 SlOkam 37 109 SlOkam 38 111 SlOkam 39 113 SlOkam 40 115 SlOkam 41 118 SlOkam 42 120 SlOkam 43 122 SlOkam 44 126 SlOkam 45 128 SlOkam 46 131 SlOkam 47 134 SlOkam 48 137 SlOkam 49 141 SlOkam 50 143 SlOkam 51 145

    148

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    Varadarja Pacat A study by Dr. T.N. ravamudhan, Principal, ThiruvayyRu Sanskrit College

    An English Summary of Dissertation

    An article on ThiruvayyRu Sanskrit College and the Eternal Relevance of Sanskrit by Sri Oppliappan Koil Varadchri athagopan

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    . I.

    Swamy Desikans Vibhava and archA anubhavams of Lord Varadhan

    &

    the importance of Sri VaradararAja PanchAsat (vrtraj pwfcactfti[f "bfbmf)

    Swami DesikanComposer of Sri Varadaraja Panchasath

    By

    Dr. SatakOpa TatAchAr, KaimkaryapArar,

    Thooppul Swamy Desikan Sannidhi

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    For the chEtanams struggling in SamsAric Ocean for aeons, Upanishads are the means for redemption. The Upanishad Vaakyam, yathA krathu: asmin lOkE... points out that the jeevans performing BrahmOpAsanam reap the fruits (BrahmAnubhavam) linked directly to the particular GuNam that they used for their UpAsanaas. Swamy Desikan echoes these thoughts (upAseetha GuNAdhE--), and states that the one who does the BrahmOpAsanaa enjoys the Brahman with the same guNam that he chose for his upaasanaa. He also enjoys many auspicious attributes (anantha kalyANa guNams) of the Lord for quite a long time.

    LORD VARADARAJANS UTHSAVAMS

    The annual uthsavams enjoyed by the Lord are of three kinds: (1). PourANikam (2). Saasthreeyam and (3). SampradhAyam.

    During these three kinds of uthsavams, Lord Varadhan receives the MangaLAsAsanam of Swamy Desikan of Thooppul and makes the BhaagavathAs happy.

    (1) POURANIKA UTHSAVAM: PurANams say that Brahmaa performs AarAdhanam for His Lord every ChithrA PourNami night on the bed of river PaalAr. This is called BrahmArAdhanam. Let us recall some specialties of this BrahmArAdhanam. Whenever Atthigiri aruLALan travels outside, the last AarAdhana Aasanam of ParyankAsanam is

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    offered after He returns to the AasthAnam. The only exception is the ChithrA PourNami night, when ParyAnkAsanam is presented outside the temple. The intent is that all aspects of the AarAdhanam (six Aasanams) are enjoyed by the Lord and there is no incompleteness.

    At dawn of the morning following ChithrA PourNami, Lord VaradarAjan is ready to return to Atthigiri AasthAnam. He blesses the assembled BhakthAs with an EkAntha sevai. He puts aside all His elaborate AabharaNams, Flower garlands and has just His PeethAmbharam, Yajn~Opaveetham, waist chord and His Vakshasthala Lakshmi. He has one simple garland to bless Swamy Desikan. This EkAntha Sevai was saluted by Swamy Desikan in Vibhavam, where he saluted the Lords neck having the marks from the tight embrace of PerumdEvi ThAyAr during the Serthi after ParyankAsanam. With this simple attire and distinguishing marks on His neck, Lord VaradarAjan arrives at Thooppul and receives the darsana thAmbhoolam from His dear Bhakthan and honors him with His single garland.

    (2) SAASTHREEYA UTHSAVAM: The uthsavam referred to in the Bhagavath Saasthram of PaancharAthram is the ancient VaikAsi VisAka Uthsavam. During Swamy Desikans Vibhava dasai, Lord VaradarAjan was travelling on His Raaja Veedhis during the Uthsavam day. At that time, few ill intentioned ones argued that the recitation of Tamizh Dhivya Prabhandham (AazhwAr aruLiccheyalkaL) is asaasthreeyam. They protested against the Lord traveling on His Raaja Veedhis listening to the Tamizh Vedams. Swamy Desikan argued with these Kudhrushtis, defeated them and made it possible for the Lords Uthsavam to continue as before until this day. Lord VaradarAjan was very pleased with Swamy Desikans kaimkaryam and presented one of His Thirucchinnams to Swamy as a measure of His appreciation. The Desika Prabhandham of Thirucchinna Maalai was composed at that time by Swamy Desikan ( Detailed meaning and commentaries are

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    available at http://www.sundarsimham.org )

    On this Vaikaasi Uthsavam day, Lord receives MangaLAsAasanam from Swamy Desikan during day and night time.

    Swamy Desikan celebrated this VaikAsi Uthsavam in Sri VaradarAja PanchAsath s l O k a m ( T u r a g a - v i g a h a r A j a -syandhanAndhOLikAdhishu--). In Thi-rucchinna Maalai Paasuram also, Swamy celebrated this uthsavam: Aanai Pari thErin mEl Azhagar vanthAr.

    On the third day of VaikAsi Uth-savam, before dawn, Lord VaradarAjan ascends on His Garuda Vaahanam and arrives at the AazhwAr PrAkAram in response to the prayer of Swamy Nam-

    mAzhwar: Wont You come by one day to the street where I live and long for You (Avar Vedhi oru NaaL --). He blesses Swamy NammAzhwAr with His dar-sanam and then travels to Swamy Desikan Sannidhi near the Dhvaja Sthamb-ham. After that, Lord Varadhan stops near the 16 pillar Mantapam and the two giant umbrellas are held over Him and He literally runs to Thooppul Swamy De-sikan ThirumALikai (Sannidhi) with the air resonating with the Haa-HaakAram of Bhaktha Janams reciting His name loud. It is almost sunrise and the two gi-gantic umbrellas shield the Lord from the Sun of VaikAsi month. With His huge flower garland, Lord VaradarAjan blesses Swamy Desikan with His sevai and offers His Sri SathAri PrasAdhams.

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    On the fifth day of VaikAsi Uthsavam, Lord of Hasthigiri travels by His Golden palanquin and arrives at Swamy Desikans sannidhi at Thooppul. The PannAgam (Clothing roof) is now removed so that Swamy Desikan can have an uninterrupted sevai of the NaachiyAr ThirukkOlam of the Lord.

    Kanchipuram Sri Varadaraja Koil on Hasthigiri On the VaikAsi ThiruvONam day, Karigireesan presents Himself in the PuNyakODi VimAanam (BhUshitham PuNyakODyaa..). He removes all the sins of His bhakthAs and let their PuNyams grow. He arrives at Thooppul to the accompaniment of the Dhivya Prabhandha GhOshti in the front and the Vedha PaarAyaNa GhOshti following Him. Here at His dear Bhakthans sannidhi, He receives darsana ThAmbhUlam from Swamy Desikan, who has been waiting for Him eagerly. Lord VaradarAjan honors Swamy with SathAri, Maalai and Parivattam. PrasAdham distribution for the GhOshti takes place and afterwards Swamy bids his reluctant farewell to the Lord.

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    While traveling on His horse (Turagam), Lord VaradarAjan stops near Thooppul, turns a little in that direction and gives His darsana saubhAgyam from the distance. It is as though He is telling Swamy Desikan that He has to rush on to Bhaktha rakshaNam and He has not forgotten Swamy even in that hurry and He will return soon for a leisurely visit.

    (3) SAMPRADHAYAKOTHSAVAM:

    It is our duty as SishyAs to eulogize our AchAryan and to make Him the object of our meditation for the MahOpakArams that they have rendered to us. On the avathAra ThirunALL (PurattAsi SravaNam) of Swamy Desikan, He has a wonderful kramam of traveling to Hasthigiri from Thooppul on the golden palanquin sent by the Lord and performs the most moving MangaLAsAsanam for the Lord with many of His Sri Sookthis. The scene brimming with the thousands of devotees on anuyAthrA with Swamy Desikan makes the garbha gruham look like another Srivaikuntam. One does not think of the archai of Lord VaradarAjan and join with Swamy Desikan to state that they are not interested in Sri Vaikuntam and the Lords sevai there as long as they could enjoy His dhivya soundharyam right here on