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    telu

    Telugu

    sarvabhshin

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    Script

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    The Telugu letters and words described in this book are each

    accompanied by a pronunciation key in the International

    Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). Please refer to these IPA keys for the

    exact pronunciation of a Telugu letter or word.

    The IPA is a scientific notation used for accurately transcribing

    the sounds of most human languages. More about the IPA can

    be found at http://www.yorku.ca/earmstro/ipa/ and

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ipa .

    The similarities described in this book between the

    pronunciations of Telugu letters and corresponding English

    letters are onlyguidelines and should be considered as such.

    http://www.yorku.ca/earmstro/ipa/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ipahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ipahttp://www.yorku.ca/earmstro/ipa/
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    k

    This letter has a sound similar to

    k in skip

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    This letter has a sound similar to

    g in go

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    These are the letters weve just seen

    k

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    p

    This letter has a sound similar to

    p in speak

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    b

    This letter has a sound similar to

    b in bat

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    These are the letters weve seen so far

    k

    p b

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    This letter has a sound similar to

    tch in catch

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    This letter has a sound similar to

    dge in badge

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    These are the letters weve seen so far

    k

    p b

    The sounds of these letters are all called consonants

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    Heres a vowel sound

    This vowel sounds similar to

    u in cut

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    Look at these letters

    k

    p b

    The sounds of these letters are made up of a consonantanda vowel

    Notice how the letters look slightly different from their original shape?

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    In short

    k

    - =

    k

    p p

    b b

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    Heres another vowel

    iThis vowelsounds similar to

    i in pin

    This vowel has a special sign of its own

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    Now look at these combo letters,

    each having the sound of a consonant plus a vowel

    ki i

    pi bi

    i i

    Again, notice the difference from the original shape of the basic letter?

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    In short

    k

    - + =

    ki

    i

    p pi

    b bi

    i

    i

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    And another vowel

    uThis vowel sounds similar to

    u in bull

    This vowel, too, has a special sign of its own

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    And some new combo letters,

    with their shape slightly changed from the original

    ku u

    pu bu

    u u

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    And again, in short

    k

    - + =

    ku

    u

    p pu

    b bu

    u

    u

    Get the idea?!

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    Notice the slightly different shapes of these letters,

    compared to the others

    pu

    u

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    These are all the various basic and combo letters weve seen thus far

    k k ki ku

    i u

    p p pi pu

    b b bi bu

    i u

    i u

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    These letters look somewhat similar

    i u

    b b bi bu

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    When two letters come one after the other

    and the first one has no vowel sound,

    that is, it is aletter,

    then the second letter is written in a mini version

    below the first one

    k k

    +

    =

    p i pi

    + =

    bu bu

    + =

    b b

    + =

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    Note that in such cases,

    any vowel or other signs originally belonging to the second letter

    are written attached to the firstletter

    k k

    + = p i pi

    + = bu bu

    + = b b

    + = Its as if the first and the second letter together

    form a new joint letter

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    Here are the mini versions

    of all the letters weve seen so far

    When the second letter has no vowel

    +

    k

    =

    k

    p p

    b b

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    When the second letter has the vowel

    +

    k

    =

    k

    p p

    b b

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    When the second letter has the vowel i

    +

    ki

    =

    ki

    i i

    pi pi

    bi bi

    i i

    i i

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    And when the second letter has the vowel u

    +

    ku

    =

    ku

    u u

    pu pu

    bu bu

    u u

    u u

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    To sum up, the mini versions are special forms

    that appear after a letter having

    These mini versions can occur in the middle or at the end of a word,

    but never at the beginning

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    j

    This letter has a sound similar to

    y in yo-yo

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    r

    This letter has a sound similar to

    r in Italian Roma

    This is a rolled /r/, as in Spanish or Italian

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    l

    This letter has