vaishvikaran aur bhartiya arthvyvastha

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Vaishvikaran Aur Bhartiya Arthvyvastha

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  • fo'o osQ vf/dka'k Hkkx rskh ls ,d&nwljs ls tqM+rs tk jgsgSaA ;|fi ns'kksa osQ chp bl ikjLifjd tqM+ko osQ vusdvk;ke gSa lkaLo`Qfrd] lkekftd] jktuhfrd vkSj vkfFkZd]ysfdu bl v;k; esa vR;Ur lhfer vFkZ esa oS'ohdj.k dhppkZ dh xbZ gSA blesa oS'ohdj.k dks cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;ksa osQfons'k O;kikj ,oa fons'kh fuos'k osQ ek;e ls ns'kksa osQ chp,dhdj.k osQ :i esa ikfjHkkf"kr fd;k x;k gSA vki ns[ksaxsfd bl v;k; esa iksVZiQksfy;ks fuos'k tSls tfVy eqksa dksNksM+ fn;k x;k gSA

    ;fn ge foxr rhl o"kks ij ukj Mkyas] rks ikrs gSa fdfo'o osQ nwjLFk Hkkxksa dks tksM+us okyh oS'ohdj.k dhizf;k esa cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;ksa dh eq[; Hkwfedk jgh gSAcgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;k vius mRiknu dk nwljs ns'kksa esa D;ksaizlkj dj jgh gSa vkSj fdl rjg ls dj jgh gSa\ v;k; osQigys [kaM esa blh dh ppkZ dh xbZ gSA cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;ksadh rhoz o`f vkSj muosQ izHkko dks ek=kkRed vkdyuksa osQctk; eq[+;r% Hkkjrh; lanHkZ ls fy, x, mnkgj.kksa osQ }kjkfn[kk;k x;k gSA ;ku j[ksa fd mnkgj.k lkekU; i{k dhO;k[;k djus esa lgk;d gSaA ius esamRiknu dk ,dhdj.k vkSj ckkkj dk ,dhdj.k ,degoiw.kZ /kj.kk gSA bl v;k; esa] oS'ohdj.k dh izf;kesa cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;ksa dh Hkwfedk ij izdk'k Mkyrs gq,bldh foLrkj ls ppkZ dh xbZ gSA vxys fo"k; ij tkus lsigys] vkidks lqfuf'pr djuk gS fd Nk=k bu fopkjksa dksi;kZIr Li"Vrk ls vkRelkr dj ysaA

    oS'ohdj.k dks vusd dkjdksa us lqxerk iznku dh gSAbuesa ls rhu dkjdksa ij cy fn;k x;k gS izkS|ksfxdh esarhoz mUufr] O;kikj vkSj fuos'k uhfr;ksa dk mnkjhdj.k vkSj

    5454545454 vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>

    MCY;w- Vh- vks- tSls vUrjkZ"Vh; laxBuksa dk nckoA izkS|ksfxdhesa mUufr Nk=kksa osQ fy, ,d vkd"kZd {ks=k gS vkSj vkimudks oqQN funsZ'k nsdj mUgsa Lor% Nkuchu djus osQ fy,izksRlkfgr dj ldrs gSaA mnkjhdj.k dh ppkZ djrs le;vkidks ;ku j[kuk gS fd Nk=k Hkkjr dh mnkjhdj.k&iwoZdh vFkZO;oLFkk ls vifjfpr gaSA mnkjhdj.k ls iwoZ ,oai'pkr~ dh fLFkfr;ksa esa rqyuk ,oa fo"kerk fn[kkus osQ fy,ukVd dk vk;kstu fd;k tk ldrk gSA blh izdkj] MCY;w-Vh-vks- osQ rgr gksus okyh varjkZ"Vh; Lakf/;k vkSj 'kfDr dkvleku larqyu jkspd fo"k; gSa] ftudks O;k[;ku dh ctk,ppkZ osQ :i esa izfrikfnr fd;k tk ldrk gSA

    vafre [kaM esa oS'ohdj.k osQ izHkkoksa dks 'kkfey fd;kx;k gSA fodkl&izf;k esa oS'ohdj.k us fdl lhek rd;ksxnku fd;k gS\ bl [kaM esa v;k; 1 ,oa 2 (tSls]U;k;laxr fodkl y{; D;k gS) osQ fo"k; Hkh ;ku esa j[ksx, gSa] ftldk vki lanHkZ ns ldrs gSaA bl [kaM dh ppkZdjrs le; LFkkuh; i;kZoj.k ls f;kdykiksa vkSj mnkgj.kksadks ysuk Hkh vR;Ur vko';d gSA blls mu lanHkks dks'kkfey fd;k tk losQxk ftUgsa bl v;k; esa ugha j[kk x;kgS] tSls&LFkkuh; fdlkuksa ij vk;krksa dk izHkko] bR;kfnA,slh fLFkfr;ksa dh foospuk djus osQ fy, lkewfgdfopkj&eaFku&l=kksa dk vk;kstu fd;k tk ldrk gSA

    v;k; 4 oS'ohdj.k vkSj Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk

    lwpuk osQ ksr

    vUrjkZ"Vh; laxBu us viuh osclkbV www.ilo.org ijU;k;laxr oS'ohdj.k dh vihy dh gSA ,slh vihysa vU;laxBuksa us Hkh dh gSaA ,d vU; jkspd lzksr WTO dhosclkbV http//www.wto.org gSA ;g MCY;w-Vh-vks- esafd, tk jgs vusd izdkj osQ le>kSrksa dh tkudkjh nsrk gSAoaQifu;ksa ls lacafkr tkudkfj;ksa osQ fy, vf/dka'k cgqjk"Vh;oaQifu;ksa oQh viuh osclkbV gSaA ;fn vki cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;ksadks vkykspukRed

  • oS'ohdj.k vkSj Hkkjrh;oS'ohdj.k vkSj Hkkjrh;oS'ohdj.k vkSj Hkkjrh;oS'ohdj.k vkSj Hkkjrh;oS'ohdj.k vkSj Hkkjrh;vFkZO;oLFkkvFkZO;oLFkkvFkZO;oLFkkvFkZO;oLFkkvFkZO;oLFkk

    v;k; 4

    vkt osQ fo'o esa] miHkksDrk osQ :i esa geesa lsoqQN osQ lkeus oLrqvksa vkSj lsokvksa osQ foLr`rfodYi gSaA fo'o osQ 'kh"kZLFk fofuekZrkvksa }kjkfufeZr fMftVy oSQejs] eksckby iQksu vkSjVsyhfoku osQ uohure ekWMy gekjs fy, lqyHkgSaA ges'kk Hkkjr dh lM+dksa ij xkfM+;ksa osQ u,ekWMy ns[ks tk ldrs gaSA oks fnu xqkj x,] tcHkkjr dh LkM+dksa ij osQoy ,EcslMj vkSj fiQ,Vdkjsa gh fn[kkbZ nsrh FkhaA vkt Hkkjrh; fo'o dhyxHkx lHkh 'kh"kZ oaQifu;kas }kjk fufeZr dkjsa[kjhn jgs gSaA vusd nwljh oLrqvksa osQ czkaMksa esa Hkhblh izdkj dh rhoz o`f ns[kh tk ldrh gS dehkksa ls ysdj Vsyhfokuksa vkSj izlaLdfjriQyksa osQ jl rdA

    gekjs ckkkjksa esa oLrqvksa osQ cgqO;kih fodYivIks{kko`Qr uohu ifj?kVuk gSA nks n'kd igys Hkhvkidks Hkkjr osQ ckkkjksa essa oLrqvkas dh ,slhfofo/rk ugha feysxhA oqQN gh o"kksZa eas gekjkckkkj iw.kZr% ifjofrZr gks x;k gSA

    ge bl rhoz ifjorZu dks oSQls le> ldrsgSa\ ,sls dkSu ls dkjd gSa tks bu ifjorZuksa dks ykjgs gSa vkSj ;s ifjorZu yksxksa dk thou fdlizdkj izHkkfor dj jgs gSa\ bl v;k; eas ge buiz'uksa ij fopkj djsaxsA

    2015-2016

  • 5656565656 vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>

    chloh 'krkCnh osQ e; rd mRIkknu eq[;r%ns'kksa dh lhekvksa osQ vanj gh lhfer FkkA buns'kksa dh lhekvksa dks yka?kus okyh oLrqvksa esaosQoy dPpk eky] [kk| inkFkZ vkSj rS;kj mRikngh FksA Hkkjr tSls mifuos'kksa ls dPpk eky ,oa[kk| inkFkZ fu;kZr gksrs Fks vkSj rS;kj oLRkqvksa dkvk;kr gksrk FkkA O;kikj gh nwjLFk ns'kksa dksvkil esa tksM+us dk eq[; tfj;k FkkA ;g cM+hoaQifu;ksa] ftUgsa cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;k dgrs gSa]

    ,d cgqjk"Vh; oaQiuh }kjk mRiknu dk foLrkj,d cgqjk"Vh; oaQiuh }kjk mRiknu dk foLrkj,d cgqjk"Vh; oaQiuh }kjk mRiknu dk foLrkj,d cgqjk"Vh; oaQiuh }kjk mRiknu dk foLrkj,d cgqjk"Vh; oaQiuh }kjk mRiknu dk foLrkj

    vkS|ksfxd midj.k cukus okyh ,d cM+h cgqjk"Vh; oaQiuh la;qDr jkT; vesfjdk osQvuqla/ku osQUnz esa vius mRiknksa dk fMtkbu rS;kj djrh gSA mlosQ iqksZ phu esafofufeZr gksrs gSaA fiQj bUgsa tgkk eas ykndj esfDldks vkSj iwohZ ;wjksi ys tk;k tkrkgS] tgk midj.k osQ iqkks dks tksM+k tkrk gS vkSj rS;kj mRikn dks fo'o Hkj eas cspktkrk gSA bl chp] oaQIkuh dh xzkgd lsok dk Hkkjr fLFkr dkWy lsaVjksa osQ ek;e lslapkyu fd;k tkrk gSA

    vUrjns'kh; mRiknuosQ ifjn`'; ij mHkjus ls igys dk ;qx FkkA ,dcgqjk"Vh; oaQiuh og gS] tks ,d ls vf/d ns'kksaeas mRiknu ij fu;a=k.k vFkok LokfeRo j[krh gSAcgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;k mu izns'kksa esa dk;kZy; rFkkmRiknu osQ fy, dkj[kkus LFkkfir djrh gSa] tgkmUgsa lLrk Je ,oa vU; lalk/u fey ldrs gaSAmRiknu ykxr esa deh djus rFkk vf/d ykHkdekus osQ fy, cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;k ,slk djrhgSaA fuEu mnkgj.k ij fopkj djrs gSa

    ;g caxyksj fLFkr ,d dkWy laasVj gS tks i;kZIr nwjlapkj lqfokkvkas vkSj baVjusVls lqlfTtr gSA ;g fons'kh xzkgdksa dks lwpuk ,oa enn miyC/ djkrk gSA

    2015-2016

  • oS'ohdj.k vkSj Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkkoS'ohdj.k vkSj Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkkoS'ohdj.k vkSj Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkkoS'ohdj.k vkSj Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkkoS'ohdj.k vkSj Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk 5757575757

    ;g n'kkZUks osQ fy, fuEu dFku dh iwfrZ djsa fd oL=k m|ksx esa mRiknu&izf;k oSQls fo'o&Hkj esa iSQyh gqbZ gSA

    ,d czkaM yscy ij ^esM bu FkkbyS.M* fy[kk gS] ijUrq mlesa ,d Hkh FkkbZ mRikn ughagSA ge fofuekZ.k&izf;k dk fo'ys"k.k djrs gSa vkSj izR;sd pj.k eas loksZke fuekZ.k dksns[krs gSaA ge bls fo'o Lrj ij dj jgs gSaA tSls] oL=k fuekZ.k esa oaQiuh dksfj;k ls lwrys ldrh gS -----------------------------------

    vkvksbl ij fopkj djsavkvksbl ij fopkj djsavkvksbl ij fopkj djsavkvksbl ij fopkj djsavkvksbl ij fopkj djsa

    bl mnkgj.k esa] cgqjk"Vh; oaQiuh osQoyoSf'od Lrj ij gh viuk rS;kj mRikn ugha cspjgh gS cfYd vf/d egoiw.kZ ;g gS fdoLrqvksa vkSj lsokvksa dk mRiknu fo'o Lrjij dj jgh gSA ifj.kker% mRiknu izf;kozQe'k% tfVy ldrs gSaA ;gk vaxszkhcksyus okys f'kf{kr ;qod Hkh gSa] tks xzkgdns[kHkky lsok;sa mIkYkC/ djk ldrs gSaA ;s lHkhphksa cgqjk"Vh; oaQiuh dh ykxr dk yxHkx50&60 izfr'kr cpr dj ldrh gSaA vRk%okLro eas] lhekvksa osQ ikj cgqjk"Vh; mRiknuizf;k osQ izlkj ls vlhfer ykHk gks ldrk gSA

    fo'o&Hkj osQ mRiknu dks ,d&nwljs ls tksM+ukdHkh&dHkh cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;k bu ns'kksa dh

    LFkkuh; oaQifu;ksa osQ lkFk la;qDr :i ls mRiknudjrh gSaA la;qDr mRiknu ls LFkkuh; oaQiuh dksnksgjk ykHk gksrk gSA igyk cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;kvfrfjDr fuos'k osQ fy, /u iznku dj ldrhgSa] tSls fd rhoz mRiknu osQ fy, e'khusa [kjhnusosQ fy,A nwljk] cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;k mRiknu dhuohure izkS|ksfxdh vius lkFk yk ldrh gSaA

    lkEkkU;r% cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;k mlh LFkku ijmRiknu bdkbZ LFkkfir djrh gSa tks ckkkj osQuknhd gks] tgk de ykxr ij oqQ'ky vkSjvoqQ'ky Je miYkC/ gks vkSj tgk mRiknu osQvU; dkjdksa dh miyC/rk lqfuf'pr gksA lkFkgh] cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;k ljdkjh uhfr;kas ij Hkhukj j[krh gSa] tks muosQ fgrksa dk ns[kHkky djrhgSaA vki ckn esa] bl v;k; esa ljdkjh uhfr;ksaosQ ckjs eas vkSj v;;u djsaxsA

    bu ifjfLFkfr;ksa dks lqfuf'pr djus osQ ckngh cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;k mRiknu osQ fy, dk;kZy;ksavkSj dkj[kkuksa dh LFkkiuk djrh gSaA ifjlaifk;ksatSls Hkwfe] Hkou] e'khu vkSj vU; midj.kksadh [kjhn esa O;; dh xbZ eqnzk dks fuos'k dgrsgSaA cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;ksa }kjk fd, x, fuos'k dksfons'kh fuos'k dgrs gSaA dksbZ Hkh fuos'k bl vk'kkls fd;k tkrk gS fd ;s ifjlaifk;k ykHk vftZrdjsaxhA

    ge bl dkj[kkus dksnwljs ns'k esa

    LFkkukUrfjr dj nsaxsA;gk ij ;g [kphZyk

    gks x;k gSA

    2015-2016

  • 5858585858 vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>

    ysfdu] cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;ksa osQ fuos'k dklcls vke jkLrk LFkkuh; oaQifu;ksa dks [kjhnukvkSj mlosQ ckn mRiknu dk izlkj djuk gSAvikj laink okyh cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;k ;g vklkuhls dj ldrh gSaA mnkgj.k osQ fy,] ,d cgqrcM+h vesfjdh cgqjk"Vh; oaQiuh dkjfxy iwQM~lus ij[k iwQM~Lk tSlh NksVh Hkkjrh; oaQifu;ksa dks[kjhn fy;k gSA ij[k iwQM~Lk us Hkkjr osQ fofHkUuHkkxksa esa ,d cM+k foi.ku ra=k rS;kj fd;k Fkk]tgk mlosQ czk.M dkIkQh izfl FksA ij[k iwQM~LkosQ pkj rsy 'kks/d osQUnz Hkh Fks] ftl ij vcdkjfxy dk fu;a=k.k gks x;k gSA vc dkjfxy50 yk[k iSosQV izfrfnu fuekZ.k {kerk osQ lkFkHkkjr eas [kk| rsyksa dh lcls cM+h mRikndoaQiuh gSA

    okLRko esa] dbZ 'kh"kZLFk cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;ksadh laifk fodkl'khy ns'kksa dh ljdkjksa osQlEiw.kZ ctV ls Hkh vf/d gSA ,slh vikj laifkokyh cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;ksa dh 'kfDr vkSj izHkkoij fopkj djsaA

    cgqjk"Vh; oaQifu;k ,d vU; rjhosQ ls mRiknufu;af=kr djrh gSaA fodflr ns'kksa dh cM+h cgqjk"Vh;oaQifu;k NksVs mRikndksa dks mRiknu dk vkWMZjnsrh gSaA oL=k] twrs&pIiy ,oa [ksy osQ lkeku,sls m|ksx gSa] tgk fo'oHkj esa cM+h