udaipur

of 26 /26
उउउउउउ - Udaipur Udaipur also known as the City of Lakes, is a city, a Municipal Corporation and the administrative headquarters of the Udaipur district in the state of Rajasthan in western India . It is located 403 kilometres (250 mi) southwest of the state capital, Jaipur , 248 km (154 mi) west of Kota , and 250 km (155 mi) northeast from Ahmedabad . Udaipur is the historic capital of the kingdom of Mewar in the former Rajputana Agency . The Guhils (Sisodia) clan ruled the Mewar and its capital was shifted from Chittorgarh to Udaipur after founding city of Udaipur by Maharana Uday Singh. The Mewar province

Author: mukul-paliwal

Post on 24-May-2015

204 views

Category:

Travel


1 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

It is a project of udaipur

TRANSCRIPT

  • 1. - Udaipur Udaipur also known as the City of Lakes, is a city, a Municipal Corporation and the administrative headquarters of the Udaipur district in the state of Rajasthan in western India. It is located 403 kilometres (250 mi) southwest of the state capital, Jaipur, 248 km (154 mi) west of Kota, and 250 km (155 mi) northeast from Ahmedabad. Udaipur is the historic capital of the kingdom of Mewar in the former Rajputana Agency. The Guhils (Sisodia) clan ruled the Mewar and its capital was shifted from Chittorgarh to Udaipur after founding city of Udaipur by Maharana Uday Singh. The Mewar province became part of Rajasthan after India became independent

2. Udaipur was founded in 1559 by Maharana Udai Singh II as the final capital of the erstwhile Mewar kingdom, located to the southwest of Nagda, on the Banas River, the first capital of the Mewar kingdom. Legend has it that Maharana Udai Singh II came upon a hermit while hunting in the foothills of the Aravalli Range. The hermit blessed the king and asked him to build a palace on the spot, assuring him it would be well protected. Udai Singh II consequently established a residence on the site. In 1568, the Mughal emperor Akbar captured the The Red fort of Chittor, and udai Singh moved the capital to the site of his residence, which became the city of Udaipur. 3. Geography and climate Udaipur is located at 24.58N 73.68E.[5] It has an average elevation of 598.00m (1,962ft). It is located in the southern region of Rajasthan and is close to Gujarat. It has five major lakes, which are under restoration with funds provided by the National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP) of the Government of India. 4. Jagdish TempleJagdish Temple TheThe Jagdish TempleJagdish Temple is a largeis a large Hindu temple in the middleHindu temple in the middle of Udaipur. It was built byof Udaipur. It was built by Maharana Jagat Singh Ist inMaharana Jagat Singh Ist in 1651 A.D. It is an example1651 A.D. It is an example of Indo -of Indo - AryanAryan architecturearchitecture.. This temple is a greatThis temple is a great example of architecture andexample of architecture and art. The area is the mainart. The area is the main tourist place in the city. Youtourist place in the city. You can also find some specialcan also find some special kind of things like rajasthanikind of things like rajasthani dress, paintings etc.dress, paintings etc. 5. Jag Mandir is another island in Lake Pichola which is known for its garden courtyard. Shah Jahan took refuge here while revolting against his father. There is a restaurant run by the HRH group of hotels. 6. The Lake Palace was built in 1743-1746. It is made of marble and is situated on Jag Niwas island in Lake Pichola. It was originally built as a royal summer palace, but is now a luxury 5 Star hotel, operating under the " Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces " banner. : Lake PalaceLake Palace 7. Gulab Bagh was started by Maharana SajjanGulab Bagh was started by Maharana Sajjan Singh in the 1878. It is the fourth oldest zooSingh in the 1878. It is the fourth oldest zoo in the semi-continent. By Maharana'sin the semi-continent. By Maharana's volition, a horticulturist from Madras, T.H.volition, a horticulturist from Madras, T.H. Story, was appointed in 1882 to stock theStory, was appointed in 1882 to stock the garden with plants with medicinal values ongarden with plants with medicinal values on the 66.5 acres of land and worked there tillthe 66.5 acres of land and worked there till 1920. The garden consisted of a Lotus1920. The garden consisted of a Lotus Pond, and many prominent trees thatPond, and many prominent trees that included many species of mangoes, guava,included many species of mangoes, guava, grapes, lemon, bor, mulbury,grapes, lemon, bor, mulbury, rayan, pomegranate, bananas, sapota, tamarind, bullocks heartrayan, pomegranate, bananas, sapota, tamarind, bullocks heart (ramphal), lichi, arjun trees, wood apple, karonda, campher, citron,(ramphal), lichi, arjun trees, wood apple, karonda, campher, citron, jamun, pummelo, meetha neem, kargi lime, ficus species, anola,jamun, pummelo, meetha neem, kargi lime, ficus species, anola, jack fruit, dhanverjia, grandi flora, jasmin, dawood etc. In the yearjack fruit, dhanverjia, grandi flora, jasmin, dawood etc. In the year 1882, all the trees had their name-plates denoting Hindi, English,1882, all the trees had their name-plates denoting Hindi, English, and systematic botanical names, which are not the same now. Aand systematic botanical names, which are not the same now. A small pond existed in the garden before it was demolished for thesmall pond existed in the garden before it was demolished for the construction of Water works complex. In this pond a water lily,construction of Water works complex. In this pond a water lily, VictoriaVictoriasp., was initially planted. The leaf ofVictoriacould withstandsp., was initially planted. The leaf ofVictoriacould withstand a child on a chair kept on it, a property common to all the water-a child on a chair kept on it, a property common to all the water- lilies of the genus due to plant's structure.lilies of the genus due to plant's structure. Gulab BaghGulab Bagh 8. Doodh Talai is a small tank, located adjacentDoodh Talai is a small tank, located adjacent to Shiva Niwas Palace (residence of Maharanato Shiva Niwas Palace (residence of Maharana Fateh Singh) is 24 km away from UdaipurFateh Singh) is 24 km away from Udaipur Airport. Originally a beautiful rock garden,Airport. Originally a beautiful rock garden, Doodh Talai gives wonderful panoramic viewDoodh Talai gives wonderful panoramic view of the city and palaces of Udaipur. From thisof the city and palaces of Udaipur. From this site, the sight of sunset in Pichhola lake issite, the sight of sunset in Pichhola lake is awesome. Earlier Doodh Talai was used as aawesome. Earlier Doodh Talai was used as a bathing ground. Another attraction of Doodhbathing ground. Another attraction of Doodh Talai is the musical fountain manufactured byTalai is the musical fountain manufactured by Yagnik Mechanical Engineering Works.Yagnik Mechanical Engineering Works. Doodh Talai Doodh TalaiDoodh Talai 9. 8 16 , , , (1433-68), (1509-27) 80 , () , (1572-92) 10. Fatah Sagar Lake is situated inFatah Sagar Lake is situated in UdaipurUdaipur city in thecity in the IndianIndian state ofstate of RajasthanRajasthan. Said to be the pride of the City of Lakes of Udaipur, it is an. Said to be the pride of the City of Lakes of Udaipur, it is an artificial lake constructed byartificial lake constructed by MaharanaMaharana in north ofin north of Lake PicholaLake Pichola in 1678in 1678 and to the north-west of Udaipur.and to the north-west of Udaipur. It is one of the four lakes of theIt is one of the four lakes of the UdaipurUdaipur city; the other three lakes are:city; the other three lakes are: thethe Lake PicholaLake Pichola (within the Udaipur town), Udai Sagar Lake (13km to(within the Udaipur town), Udai Sagar Lake (13km to the east of Udaipur) andthe east of Udaipur) and Dhebar LakeDhebar Lake or Jaisamand Lake (52km southor Jaisamand Lake (52km south east of Udaipur).east of Udaipur).[1][1][2][2] Within the confines of the Fatah Sagar Lake, there are three smallWithin the confines of the Fatah Sagar Lake, there are three small islands.; the largest of these is the island called the Nehru Park (4km2islands.; the largest of these is the island called the Nehru Park (4km2 area), which is a popular garden with a restaurant and a zoo, the secondarea), which is a popular garden with a restaurant and a zoo, the second island (0.06km2 area) houses a public park with an impressive water-jetisland (0.06km2 area) houses a public park with an impressive water-jet fountain and the third island (1.2km2 area) is the address for thefountain and the third island (1.2km2 area) is the address for the Udaipur Solar ObservatoryUdaipur Solar Observatory (USO). The Nehru park is accessed by(USO). The Nehru park is accessed by inboard motor boats from the bottom ofinboard motor boats from the bottom of Moti MagriMoti Magri. Blue waters of the. Blue waters of the lake and the backdrop of green has given the soubriquet of the secondlake and the backdrop of green has given the soubriquet of the second Kashmir to Udaipur town.Kashmir to Udaipur town. Udaipur Lake Conservation Societys reports indicate that the lakeUdaipur Lake Conservation Societys reports indicate that the lake supports and sustains ground water recharge, drinking water, agriculturalsupports and sustains ground water recharge, drinking water, agricultural use, industrial use, ecological water availability and provides employmentuse, industrial use, ecological water availability and provides employment to 60% population of Udaipur.to 60% population of Udaipur. FatahFatah SagarSagar 11. Udai Sagar Lake is another striking lake that falls under the category of five lakes of Udaipur. Udaisagar Lake is located at a distance of about 13 kms in the east of Udaipur. The construction of this lake was started in 1559 by Maharana Udai Singh and got completed in 1565. Udai Sagar Lake extends to 4 km in length 2.5 km in width and deep to the extent of 9 meters at the maximum. Actually, Udai Sagar Lake was the result of a dam that took its start in 1559. Udai Sagar Lake Maharana Udai Singh constructed this dam on Berach River, to ensure adequate supply of water in his kingdom. Dam at Udaisagar Lake drains about 479 sq km of the country and covers an area of 10.5 sq kms. It has a storage capacity of 23.4 milli cubic meter. To manage the overflowing lake during rainy season, one channel has been made connecting to Berach River. Today, the water of this lake is used in the zinc smelter close to Debari. The lake usually has plenty of water with the exception of lean years. 12. Gangauris a festival celebrated in theIndianstate of Rajasthanand some parts ofGujaratand Madhya Pradesh. Gangaur is the colourful and the one of the most important festivals of people ofRajasthanand is observed throughout the state with great fervour and devotion by womenfolk who worshipGauri, the consort ofLord Shivaduring MarchApril. It is the celebration of spring, harvest and marital fidelity.Ganais a synonym forLord Shivaand Gaur which stands for Gauri or Parvatiwho symbolizes Saubhagya (marital bliss). The unmarried women worship her for being blessed good husband, while married women do so for the welfare, health and long life of their husbands and happy married life. Gangau r 13. 19 - , . , , , : , 14. DIWALIDIWALI Diwali is an official holiday in India,Diwali is an official holiday in India,[4][4]Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar,Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Mauritius, Guyana,Mauritius, Guyana,Trinidad & TobagoTrinidad & Tobago, Suriname, Malaysia, Singapore, Suriname, Malaysia, Singapore and Fiji.and Fiji. ForForHindusHindus, Diwali is one of the most important festivals of the year and, Diwali is one of the most important festivals of the year and is celebrated in families by performing traditional activities together inis celebrated in families by performing traditional activities together in their homes. Fortheir homes. ForJainsJains, Diwali marks the attainment of, Diwali marks the attainment ofmokshamokshaoror nirvananirvanabybyMahaviraMahavirain 527 BCE.in 527 BCE.[5][5][6][6]Arya SamajistsArya Samajists, celebrate this, celebrate this day as Death Anniversary ofday as Death Anniversary ofSwami DayanandSwami DayanandSaraswati. They alsoSaraswati. They also celebrate this day ascelebrate this day asShardiya Nav-ShasyeshtiShardiya Nav-Shasyeshti.. t begins in latet begins in lateAshvinAshvin(between September and October) and ends in(between September and October) and ends in earlyearlyKartikaKartika(between October and November Diwali marks the end of(between October and November Diwali marks the end of thetheharvestharvestseason in most of India. Farmers give thanks for the bountyseason in most of India. Farmers give thanks for the bounty of the year gone by, and pray for a good harvest for the year to come.of the year gone by, and pray for a good harvest for the year to come. Traditionally this marked the closing of accounts for businessesTraditionally this marked the closing of accounts for businesses dependent on the agrarian cycle, and is the last major celebrationdependent on the agrarian cycle, and is the last major celebration before winter.before winter.LakshmiLakshmisymbolises wealth and prosperity, and hersymbolises wealth and prosperity, and her blessings are invoked for a good year aheadblessings are invoked for a good year ahead 15. he word "Holi" originated from "Holika" sister ofHiranyakashipu. The festival ofHoliis celebrated because of a story in the old Hindu religion. InVaishnavism,Hiranyakashipuis the great king of demons, and he had been granted aboonbyBrahma, which made it almost impossible for him to be killed. The boon was due to his long penance, after which he had demanded that he not be killed "during day or night; inside the home or outside, not on earth or in the sky; neither by a man nor an animal; neither byastranor byshastra". Consequently, he grew arrogant and attacked the Heavens and the Earth. He demanded that people stop worshippinggodsand start praising respectfully to him. "Holi" 16. Rakhiis basically a sacred thread of protection embellished with the love and affection of a sister for her brother. This day is also known as Raksha Bandhan and celebrated on the full moon day of the Hindu month of Shravana in India. This frail of thread of Rakhi is considered as stronger than iron chains as it binds the most beautiful relationship in an inseparable bond of love and trust. Rakhi festival also has a social significance because it underlines the notion that everybody should live in harmonious coexistence with each other. Rakhi he festival of Rakhi has taken a broader significance worldwide as it spreads harmony and bring together the family members under one roof. Rakhi stands for the love between brothers and sisters, the bond of love that they have shared since their childhood. This festival holds immense significance in India. The custom of celebrating raksha bandhan started in ancestral period and even today people consider it must to express their affection in traditional manner. Rakhi has strengthen the bond of love between brothers and sisters. 17. MADE BY MUKUL PALIWAL