7 EXPLANATION OF PRATIKRAMANA SUTRAS DEVASIAM ÄLOUM SUTRA,SÄTA LÄKHA SUTRA,ADHÄRA PÄPASTHÄNAKA SUTRA,AYARIA UVAJJHÄE SUTRA,SUA DEVAYÄ STUTI,KSHETRA DEVATÄ STUTI,KAMALA DALA STUTI,NAMOSTU VARDDHAMÄNÄYA,VISHÄLA LOCHANA,31-33 & 35-40

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  • 7/28/2019 7 EXPLANATION OF PRATIKRAMANA SUTRAS DEVASIAM LOUM SUTRA,STA LKHA SUTRA,ADHRA PPASTHNAKA SUTRA,AYARIA UVAJJHE SUTRA,SUA DEVAY STUTI,KSHETRA D

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    Of

    Pratikramana Sutra

    Interpretation and explanation of

    Pratikramana stotras in English.

    Exposition

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    List of sutra

    31 Devasiam loum Sutra32 Sta Lkha Sutra

    33 Adhra Ppasthnaka Sutra34 Vandittusutra (separate presentation)35 yaria Uvajjhe Sutra36 Sua Devay Stuti

    37 Kshetra Devat Stuti Sutra38 Kamala Dala Stuti Sutra39 Namostu Varddhamnya Sutra

    40 Vishla Lochana Sutra

    List of sutra in this presentation.

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    Devasiam loum Sutra (31)

    Object: Any transgressions {(five ethicalcodes of conduct (chra) and twelve

    householder vows (br vrata)} committedduring the day or night brings them to lightand ask for forgiveness.

    Sutra 31 Pratikraman sutra

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    Devasiam loum Sutra (31-1)

    Give me yourpermission willingly!

    So that I can reflecton any transgressions

    I have committed.

    (After the preceptorsays yes).

    I want to confessand ask for their

    forgiveness.

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32)

    Sutra 32 Forgiveness from all living beings

    Object: To ask for forgiveness for anyharm done to any living being.

    In this sutra, forgiveness or pardon issought from all the 8.4 million types of livingbeings, residing in the Universe (triloka).

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32-1)

    700,000 earth bodies (dirt, stones etc.),

    700,000 water bodies (water, dew; ice etc.),

    700,000 fire bodies (light, fire, candle, torch etc.),

    700,000 wind bodies (air, small particles etc.),

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32-2)

    1 Million individual (extra ordinary) plant lives

    (fruits, flowers, seeds, leaves, roots, etc.),1.4 Million collective (ordinary) plant lives(one entity with many lives e.g. figs etc.),

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32-3)

    200,000 lives with 2 senses (sea-shells etc.),200,000 lives with 3 senses (ants, termites etc.),

    200,000 lives with 4 senses (spiders, etc.),

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32-4a)

    400,00 celestial lives,

    400,00 hellish lives,

    400,00 animal lives with five senses,

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32-5)

    1.4 Million human lives.Of these 84 hundred thousand living beings,

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32-5a)

    if I have hurt or killed,promoted or

    encouraged such acts,

    mentally, verbally orphysically

    may those sinful deeds

    be forgiven and becomefruitless.

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32A)

    In this verse why total of only 8.4 Millionwombs (yonis) are counted?

    There are infinite numbers of wombs present.

    However the groups of wombs with similarcolor, odor, taste, touch and shape areconsidered as one type.

    Thus the numbers of wombs are counted as8.4 Million.

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32B)

    How is the number of species (yonis)

    determined in each type of living being?Each specie will have:

    5 types of colors 2 types of odors5 types of tastes 8 types of touches5 types of shapes

    By multiplying all the factors

    (5X2X5X8X5 =2000) the final number ofspecie is determined.

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32C)

    The scriptures stipulate 4200 species in allhaving different types of colors, odors,tastes, touches and shapes.

    Each of the 4200 species is multiplied by2000 so as to arrive at the total of8.4 million species.

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33)

    Object: To contemplate and askforgiveness for 18 categories of sins

    (Ppasthnaka).

    Sutra 33 Forgiveness Sutra

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33-1)

    First comes killing (prntipta or hims),

    second is lying (mrushvda),third is stealing (adattdna),

    fourth is unchastity (abrahma or maithuna),

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33-2)

    fifth is acquisitiveness (parigraha),

    sixth is anger (krodha),seventh is pride (mna),

    eighth is deceit (my),

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33-3)

    ninth is greed (lobha)

    tenth is attachment (rga),eleventh is hatred (dwesha),

    twelfth is disputation (kalaha),

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33-4)

    thirteenth is false accusation (abhykhyna),

    fourteenth is backbiting (paishunya),fifteenth is pleasure-displeasure ( rati-arati),

    sixteenth is slander (para-parivda or nind),

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33-5)

    seventeenth is deceitful speech

    (my-mrushvada) and

    eighteenth is false belief, belief in wrong god,

    teacher and religion (mithytva).

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33-6)

    If I have indulged or have promoted orencouraged any such sinful act by others orpraised the person who has committed any one of

    these eighteen categories of sin,

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33-7)

    either mentally, verbally or physically,

    may those sinful deeds be forgiven and

    become fruitless.

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33A)

    3 types ofActivity (yoga): (i) in thoughts,

    (ii) by words or (iii) by physical actions.3 types of stages of activity: (i) in planning(ii) act of preparation (iii) commencement

    3 ways an activity performed : (i) by own self (ii) to

    get it done by others (iii) to approve4 passions (kashya) (i) anger (ii) pride (iii)deceit (iv) greed .

    3X3X3X4 = 108

    One hundred and eight (108) kinds of

    activities are enlisted in the Jaina Scriptures,which are harmful to the soul.

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33B)

    The number of violations one may commitunder the influence of the 18 categoriesof sins (Ppasthnaka) are 1944.

    108 X 18 = 1944

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    See separate

    presentation on Sutra 34,The Vandittu Sutra

    Vandittu Sutra (34)

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    yaria Uvajjhe (35)

    Object: In this sutra the person regrets

    violations committed towards theleaders of monastic congregation,ascetic teachers, their disciplesand members of their congregation

    and asks for forgiveness.

    Sutra 35 Forgiveness from Guru & Sangha

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    yaria Uvajjhe (35-1)

    With mind, speech and body,I beg for forgiveness for violations,

    I may have committed due to passions,towards leaders of monastic congregation,

    ascetic teachers, their disciples andmembers of their congregation.

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    yaria Uvajjhe (35-2)

    I respectfully ask for forgiveness from the entireascetic community for any wrongs, I may havecommitted to them and forgive them for any

    wrongs they may have committed onto me.

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    yaria Uvajjhe (35-3)

    I respectfully ask for forgiveness from allliving beings for any wrongs I may havecommitted to them and forgive them for any

    wrongs they may have committed onto me.

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    Sua Devay Stuti (36)

    Object: Hymn of praise to Goddess of

    Learning Sarasvati Devi

    Only prayers are offered to heavenly gods and

    they are not worshiped, because they are

    unable to observe any vows or restraints.

    Sutra 36 Prayer to Sarasvati Devi

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    Sua Devay Stuti (36-1)

    I stand in body-abandonment posture and offer my

    prayer to Goddess of Learning, Sarasvati Devi.O Goddess of Learning! Destroy the knowledgeobscuring Karma (Jnnvarniya) of those men whoalways worship the Holy Writ, the ocean of right

    scriptural knowledge.

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    Kshetra Devat Stuti (37)

    Object: Hymn of praise to Guardian Deityof Space (Kshetra Devat)

    Sutra 37 Prayer to Kshetra Devat

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    Kshetra Devat Stuti (37-1)

    I stand in body-abandonment posture and offermy prayer to Guardian Deity of Space.

    O Guardian Deity of Space!Destroy the sins of those monks withright faith, knowledge and conduct,

    seeking the path of liberation.

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    Kamala Dala Stuti (38)

    Object: Hymn of praise to Goddess ofLearning.

    In this prayer beauty of Sarasvati Devi who isfull of prosperity (Bhagavati) is described.

    Her eyes are compared to theshape of petal of lotus flower,

    her face to the shape of lotus flower andher complexion to the middle part of the flower.

    Sutra 38 Prayer to Sarasvati Devi

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    Kamala Dala Stuti (38-1)

    Goddess Sarasvati,whose eyes havewide oval shape

    like a lotus petal,

    face like alotus flower,complexion as fair as

    the middle part of the

    lotus flower andsits on the lotus,

    grant me the Moksha.

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    Namostu Varddhamnya (39)

    Namostu Varddhamnya Sutra

    Shri Vira Jina StutiObject: Hymn of Praise of Lord Omniscient

    recited after completing six

    essential duties in eveningpenitential retreat (DevasiPratikramana).

    Sutra 39 Prayer to Lord Mahvira

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    Namostu Varddhamnya (39-1)

    I pay my obeisance to Lord Mahvira,

    who, after winning a constant struggle with karmas,achieved liberation, which is beyond the

    vision of wrong believers.

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    Namostu Varddhamnya (39-2)

    Let the Peacefulliberators alwaysbe our benefactors.

    They have feet, which

    are soft like lotusflowers therefore

    when they walk theirfeet land on the golden

    lotuses created byheavenly gods.

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    Namostu Varddhamnya (39-3)

    Let the words ofLord Jineshwara,

    which are like firsttorrential rainfall

    at the beginning ofmonsoon season,spoken through the

    mouth of chief

    disciple (gandhara);bring peace andtranquility to me.

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    Namostu Varddhamnya (39A)

    This prayer is recited to show the joy ofcompleting all the six essential duties of

    evening penitential retreat.

    In the first verse the disciple is paying homageto Lord Mahvira who has achieved the ultimate

    release by his inner strength.

    In the second verse to all the Lord Jineshwaras,the benefactors of the entire mankind.

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