7 explanation of pratikramana sutras devasiam Äloum sutra,sÄta lÄkha sutra,adhÄra...

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  • 7/28/2019 7 EXPLANATION OF PRATIKRAMANA SUTRAS DEVASIAM LOUM SUTRA,STA LKHA SUTRA,ADHRA PPASTHNAKA SUTRA,AYARIA UVAJJHE SUTRA,SUA DEVAY STUTI,KSHETRA D

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    11

    Of

    Pratikramana Sutra

    Interpretation and explanation of

    Pratikramana stotras in English.

    Exposition

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    List of sutra

    31 Devasiam loum Sutra32 Sta Lkha Sutra

    33 Adhra Ppasthnaka Sutra34 Vandittusutra (separate presentation)35 yaria Uvajjhe Sutra36 Sua Devay Stuti

    37 Kshetra Devat Stuti Sutra38 Kamala Dala Stuti Sutra39 Namostu Varddhamnya Sutra

    40 Vishla Lochana Sutra

    List of sutra in this presentation.

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    Devasiam loum Sutra (31)

    Object: Any transgressions {(five ethicalcodes of conduct (chra) and twelve

    householder vows (br vrata)} committedduring the day or night brings them to lightand ask for forgiveness.

    Sutra 31 Pratikraman sutra

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    Devasiam loum Sutra (31-1)

    Give me yourpermission willingly!

    So that I can reflecton any transgressions

    I have committed.

    (After the preceptorsays yes).

    I want to confessand ask for their

    forgiveness.

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32)

    Sutra 32 Forgiveness from all living beings

    Object: To ask for forgiveness for anyharm done to any living being.

    In this sutra, forgiveness or pardon issought from all the 8.4 million types of livingbeings, residing in the Universe (triloka).

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32-1)

    700,000 earth bodies (dirt, stones etc.),

    700,000 water bodies (water, dew; ice etc.),

    700,000 fire bodies (light, fire, candle, torch etc.),

    700,000 wind bodies (air, small particles etc.),

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32-2)

    1 Million individual (extra ordinary) plant lives

    (fruits, flowers, seeds, leaves, roots, etc.),1.4 Million collective (ordinary) plant lives(one entity with many lives e.g. figs etc.),

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32-3)

    200,000 lives with 2 senses (sea-shells etc.),200,000 lives with 3 senses (ants, termites etc.),

    200,000 lives with 4 senses (spiders, etc.),

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32-4a)

    400,00 celestial lives,

    400,00 hellish lives,

    400,00 animal lives with five senses,

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32-5)

    1.4 Million human lives.Of these 84 hundred thousand living beings,

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32-5a)

    if I have hurt or killed,promoted or

    encouraged such acts,

    mentally, verbally orphysically

    may those sinful deeds

    be forgiven and becomefruitless.

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32A)

    In this verse why total of only 8.4 Millionwombs (yonis) are counted?

    There are infinite numbers of wombs present.

    However the groups of wombs with similarcolor, odor, taste, touch and shape areconsidered as one type.

    Thus the numbers of wombs are counted as8.4 Million.

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32B)

    How is the number of species (yonis)

    determined in each type of living being?Each specie will have:

    5 types of colors 2 types of odors5 types of tastes 8 types of touches5 types of shapes

    By multiplying all the factors

    (5X2X5X8X5 =2000) the final number ofspecie is determined.

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    Sta Lkha Sutra (32C)

    The scriptures stipulate 4200 species in allhaving different types of colors, odors,tastes, touches and shapes.

    Each of the 4200 species is multiplied by2000 so as to arrive at the total of8.4 million species.

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33)

    Object: To contemplate and askforgiveness for 18 categories of sins

    (Ppasthnaka).

    Sutra 33 Forgiveness Sutra

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33-1)

    First comes killing (prntipta or hims),

    second is lying (mrushvda),third is stealing (adattdna),

    fourth is unchastity (abrahma or maithuna),

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33-2)

    fifth is acquisitiveness (parigraha),

    sixth is anger (krodha),seventh is pride (mna),

    eighth is deceit (my),

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33-3)

    ninth is greed (lobha)

    tenth is attachment (rga),eleventh is hatred (dwesha),

    twelfth is disputation (kalaha),

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33-4)

    thirteenth is false accusation (abhykhyna),

    fourteenth is backbiting (paishunya),fifteenth is pleasure-displeasure ( rati-arati),

    sixteenth is slander (para-parivda or nind),

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33-5)

    seventeenth is deceitful speech

    (my-mrushvada) and

    eighteenth is false belief, belief in wrong god,

    teacher and religion (mithytva).

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    2121

    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33-6)

    If I have indulged or have promoted orencouraged any such sinful act by others orpraised the person who has committed any one of

    these eighteen categories of sin,

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33-7)

    either mentally, verbally or physically,

    may those sinful deeds be forgiven and

    become fruitless.

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    2323

    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33A)

    3 types ofActivity (yoga): (i) in thoughts,

    (ii) by words or (iii) by physical actions.3 types of stages of activity: (i) in planning(ii) act of preparation (iii) commencement

    3 ways an activity performed : (i) by own self (ii) to

    get it done by others (iii) to approve4 passions (kashya) (i) anger (ii) pride (iii)deceit (iv) greed .

    3X3X3X4 = 108

    One hundred and eight (108) kinds of

    activities are enlisted in the Jaina Scriptures,which are harmful to the soul.

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    Adhra Ppasthnaka (33B)

    The number of violations one may commitunder the influence of the 18 categoriesof sins (Ppasthnaka) are 1944.

    108 X 18 = 1944

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