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  • 7/31/2019 About Madhya Pradesh


    About Madhya Pradesh


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    Madhya Pradesh

    State Profile:

    Madhya Pradesh is located in the heart of India. It is well connected by air, rail androad. All important roads and rail lines from North to South and from East to West pass

    through the State. This includes national highways and some of the busiest railway lines.

    Major container facility is available in the State at Indore. The most easily accessible seaportsare Kandla and Mumbai on the western coast and Vishakhapatnam on the eastern

    coast. Administratively, the State is divided into 10 divisions covering 50 districts spreadover 318 tehsils, 313 blocks and 55393 villages. There are 14 Municipal Corporations and 86

    Municipalities and 236 Nagar Panchayats. It is one amongst the first Indian States toimplement the three tier Panchayat Raj System in the country and has 50 Zila Panchayats,

    313 Janpad Panchayats and 23040 village panchayats having their own electedrepresentatives with 33% reservation for women.

    The State has a geographical area of 308.14 lakh ha. It is second largest Indian State in sizecovering more than 9% of the total Geographical area of the country. Over 94.69 lakh ha area

    in the State is under forest constituting about 30.73% of its Geographical area. Agro-

    climatically, the State falls in Zone-VII (Eastern Plateau and Hills Zone), Zone-VIII (CentralPlateau and Hills Zone) and Zone-IX (Western Plateau and Hills Zone) and is sub-divided into11 sub agro-climatic zones. These regions are endowed with the best soils. The major typesof soil in the regions are alluvial in the north, medium and deep black soils in the west and

    central regions, mixed red and black soils in the east and north eastern regions and shallowand medium black soils in the southern region of the State.The average rainfall in the State is

    1089.3 mm with over 94% precipitation during July-October, the peak being in September.Heavy precipitation in a short span of three months results in heavy surface run-off, thus,

    depriving sufficient water supply for irrigation and domestic purposes for the remainingmonths. Most of the surface water in the State provides protective irrigation during kharif

    season and subsequently, little irrigation is available during rabi and summer seasons. Thisexplains low cropping intensity in the State.

    Madhya Pradesh is amongst the less populated States of the country with a population

    density of 196 per sq. km as compared to 324 per sq. km for the country as a whole. The totalpopulation of the State as per Census 2001 is 603.48 lakh. Out of the total population, 443.81

    lakh reside in rural area (74%) and 159.67 lakh reside in urban area (26%). The totalpopulation comprises of 314.49 lakh male (52%) and 289.04 lakh of female (48%). Thus, the

    sex ratio (females per thousand males) works out to 919 which is lower than all Indiaaverage of 933. The rate of growth of population in the State during last decade (1991-2001)

    was 24.3% as compared to the national average of 21.5%.

    Madhya Pradesh has a sizeable scheduled tribe population. According to census 2001, the

    total population of MP is 603.48 lakh of which the tribal population constitutes about 122.33lakh which is 20.3% of the total population. There are 30 districts in the state which have a

    share of ST population higher than the national average. It has wide variety of tribalcommunities. There are 46 recognized Scheduled Tribes and three of them viz. Bharia,

    Saheria, and Baigas have been identified as "Special Primitive Tribal Groups" in the State. Themain tribal groups in Madhya Pradesh are Gond, Bhil, Baiga, Korku, Bhadia, Halba, Kaul,

    Mariya, and Sahariya. Dhar, Jhabua and Mandla districts have more than 50 percent tribalpopulation. In Khargone, Chhindwara, Seoni, Sidhi and Shahdol districts 30 to 50 percent

    population is of tribes. Maximum population is that of Gond tribes. As per the revised normsof GOI, for below poverty line (BPL) survey, the percentage of BPL population in MP was

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    37.06% in rural areas and 38.44% in urban areas (2000-01). In rural areas out of 83.51 lakhfamilies, 30.94 lakh families were identified as BPL families. Poverty alleviation is most

    important agenda of the State Govt. The draft paper to the eleventh Plan proposes to bridgethe gap between the poverty ratio of the State and national average. Of the total 258 lakh

    workers as per 2001 Census, 74% are main workers (those who work gainfully for more than

    183 days in a year) and 26% are marginal workers. Work participation in the State is 42.7%,

    of which that for women is 37.2% which is much higher than all India average of 31.6%. ofthe total workforce, 71.5% is dependent on agriculture {cultivators (42.8%) and agricultural

    labourers (28.7%) }

    During the year 2007-08, the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) has increased by 5.25%over last year (base prise - 1999-2000). Primary sector which covers agriculture, animalhusbandry, forest produce, fisheries, mining, etc. contributed 22.45% in the Gross State

    Domestic Product (GSDP) during 2007-08. Agriculture and allied activities continued to be

    the mainstay of the States economy with about 74% of the total population dependent on itfor their livelihood, although share of primary sector in the total GSDP has declined over the

    years from 29.75% in 1990-00 to 22.45% in 2007-08. The State is lagging behind ininfrastructure development. The infrastructure index for the State was 75 benchmarked

    against 100 for all India. On Human Development Index (combined Rural and Urban for theyear 2001) Madhya Pradesh ranked 12th among all Indian States. The State was lagging

    behind the all India average in respect of many basic and social infrastructure indicators suchas road density per 100 sq. km., irrigated area to net cropped area, number of telephone lines

    per hundred population, child mortality rates, no of primary health centres/ hospitals, etc.The national average for all types of road network is 81.22 km/100 sq. km., whereas in M.P.

    it is only 53.68 km/100 sq. kms. The per capita income during 2007-08 (QE) at currentprices in Madhya Pradesh was Rs. 18051 as against all India average of Rs 33228. Thus, MPcan be classified as a low income State in the company with Bihar, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and

    Rajasthan. MP has extensive mineral and forest resources, rich and fertile soil and

    reasonably abundant water resources. But it is an industrially backward State. Bhopal,Gwalior, Indore, Katni and Jabalpur districts lead in industrialisation in the State. There areover 26 industrial development centres and more then 575 heavy and medium industries in

    the state. There are 4.54 lakh small scale industrial units in the state. MP ranks first incement production in India.

    Average size of the land holding in the State is 2.22 ha. (all India 1.57ha.) Small/Marginalfarmers hold 65% (all India 75%) of total land holdings but operate only 26% of area.Disparities in land holdings is further brought about by the fact that medium and large

    farmers own 35% of holdings and operate 74% of area.

    The gross irrigated area of the State has increased from 65.43 lakh ha in 2006-07 to 65.67lakh ha in 2007-08 witnessing 0.37% growth. The net irrigated area also witnessed 0.83%

    growth as it increased from 63.65 lakh ha in 2006-07 to 64.18 lakh ha in 2007-08. Netirrigated area constituted 43.39% of the net sown area (147.90 lakh ha) during 2007-08.About 66% of the irrigation in the State is through groundwater resources. As far as areaalready brought under cultivation is concerned, bulk of area is still rainfed and irrigation

    potential in the State is still underutilised.

    The power position in the State is not better than in most of the other States of the country.The power capacity available as on 31.03.09 was 9658.45 megawatt as compared to 9458.08megawatt as on 31.03.08. The share of thermal power with 2857.50 megawatt is maximum in

    total power capacity of the state followed by capacity of Narmada Power Project with2356.50 megawatt. During the year 2007-08, 36071 million units of electricity was producedand 31.68% electricity was used for Agricultural purposes. As per new norms, the extent of

    rural electrification is around 64% in the State.

    Nine major perennial rivers of the State namely Mahi, Narmada, Tapti, Chambal, Betwa, Sone,

    Wainganga, Ken, Pench originate in MP and flow to the five bordering States. The estimatedannual surface and groundwater run-off is about 116 lakh ham. Out of this, the water

    available for use is around 81.5 ham in MP. The State has so far developed irrigation potentialof 25.74 lakh ha, which is 17.40% of net sown area.

    MP is one of the eight mineral rich states of country. The state used to provide a large

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    spectrum of mineral resources right from the minerals of key sectors (Lime stone, dolomite,bauxite) and energy sector (Coal) to diamonds and gem stones. Coal is the largest availablemineral resource in the State. Phosphorite deposits are available in Chhatarpur, Sagar and

    Jhabua districts in MP. Besides diamond bearing areas are Panna belt in the State.

    Agriculture in the state is still traditional, it is mostly rainfed along with the impeding factors

    of soil erosion due to rolling topography, practice of keeping land fallow during kharif andtaking only one crop in rabi, existence of large area of cultivable waste land, high portion of

    low value crop with low productivity etc. Agriculture faces uncertainties caused byfluctuations in rainfall, flood, droughts and other natural calamities. Such uncertainties are

    particularly severe in the rainfed areas. Rainfed area constitutes about 70% of the totalcultivated area of the State.

    Banking Network:

    The State has wide network of banks. There are 39 Commercial Banks (CBs) in public andprivate sectors, 08 Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) ,1 State Cooperative Bank (MPSCB), 38District Central Cooperative Banks (DCCBs), 1 State Cooperative Agriculture and Rural

    Development Bank (MPSCARDB) and 38 District Cooperative Agriculture and RuralDevelopment Banks (DCARDBs) operating in Madhya Pradesh as on 31 March 2009. The CBs

    together have a network of 2857 branches in the State. The area of operation of 08 RRBscovers the entire State through a network of 1074 branches. The SCB and 38 DCCBs together

    have 854 branches in the State with 4526 Primary Agriculture Credit Societies (PACS)affiliated to them. The MPSCARDB with 38 DCARDBs operate in all the 50 districts through

    their 373 branches. Of the total 5158 bank branches in the State, 2429 branches (47%) arerural branches. The CBs and RRBs account for 55% and 21% respectively of the total branchnetwork in the State. The aggregate deposits of all banks in the State stood at Rs. 108366.17

    crore as on 31 March 2009 as compared to Rs. 89604.37 crore as on 31 March 2008,

    recording a growth of 21%. The share of Commercial banks, RRBs and Cooperatives in totaldeposit was Rs. 91855.39 crore (85%), Rs. 8087.17 crore (7.5%) and Rs. 8423.61 crore

    (7.8%) respectively. The growth rate of deposits of the CBs (22%) has been better than thatof the RRBs (21%) and the Cooperatives (9%). The average per branch deposit of CBs as on

    31 March 2009 was Rs. 32.15 crore as compared to Rs. 6.86 crore for DCCBs and Rs. 7.53crore for RRBs. The area wise composition of deposits indicates that 12.6% of the total

    deposits was contributed by rural areas, where as 27% by semi-urban areas and 60.4% byurban areas.The total loans outstanding as on 31 March 2009 for all agencies together was

    Rs. 67974.85 crore as against Rs. 60057.93 crore as on 31 March 2008 registering an

    increase of 13.2% during the year.

    The agriculture credit provided by Co-operative banks, Commercial Banks (CBs) and RRBsincreased from Rs. 10612.38 crore during 2007-08 to Rs. 12074.39 crore during 2008-09indicating a growth of 13.77%. The CBs recorded maximum growth of 33.89% during the

    year followed by RRBs at 2.39%. However, the Cooperative Banks both ST and LT had shown

    negative growth of (-)22.83% and (-) 1.30% respectively. The share of CBs in totalagriculture loans issued during 2008-09 was maximum at 63.58% followed by the

    Cooperative Banks who had a share of 21.46% and RRBs with 14.31%. The agriculture loandisbursement in the State has increased during the last couple of years.

    The combined CD ratio of all agencies (CBs, RRBs and DCCBs) as on 31 March 2009 remained

    at 62%. The deposits and advances of SCARDBs/ DCARDBs have been excluded while arrivingat the combined CD ratio.However, CD Ratio of 8 districts viz. Dindori, Shahdol, Annupur,

    Umaria, Rewa, Sidhi, Jhabua and Mandla was found below 40%. The recovery of DCCBs had

    improved during 2008-09. The recovery of DCCBs was 65.22 % as on 30 June 2009. Duringthe corresponding period last year, recovery of DCCBs was 48.53%. The income recognition,asset classification and provisioning norms have been made applicable to all banks to make

    their financial position more transparent. These changes have had their impact on thefinancial position and working results of these banks calling for more efficient management

    of their assets. Therefore, it would be advisable that while formulating recovery strategy,recovery of chronic dues of the banks should be given top priority. The mechanism for regular

    monitoring and supervision of the loan accounts should also be strengthened at the banklevel. Banks would have to pursue measures for recovery of the chronic overdues with active

    support from State Government.

    There are approximately 200 Non Government Organisations (NGOs) working in Madhya

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    Pradesh. These are directly or indirectly involved in the field of SHG formation. However,presence of NGOs is not uniform across the districts. So far, 102 NGOs have been sanctioned

    grant assistance of Rs. 328.63 lakh for promotion and credit linkage of 14440 SHGsrespectively, in 33 districts of MP. Apart from promotional grants, NABARD is also extending

    support to NGOs who have adequate experience in formation, nurturing, credit linking of

    SHGs for skill upgradation of SHGs and trainers training to Government officials to take up

    training activity in a planned manner.

    Minority Concentration District

    Bhopal district has been identified as minority concentrated district in Madhya Pradesh (RBIcircular No. RPCD/SP.BC.12/09.10.01/2007-08 dtd. 05.07.2007). NABARD has sanctioned

    one Skill Development Programme in Bhopal during the year 2009-10 for providing trainingto youth in computer hardware repairing and networking. NABARD has sanctioned 14 REDPs

    to RUDSETI in Bhopal for the year 2009-10. Revival Package under the STCCS

    The GoI Revival Package for STCCS is being implemented in the state as per the MOUexecuted by the State Government with the GoI and NABARD on 07 November 2006 for a

    period of 3 years. The State Level Implementation Committee (SLIC) has approved the Recapitalization

    assistance for 4520 PACS aggregating Rs 1814.69 cr comprising GOI Share of Rs 1501.90 cr,State Govt share & PACS share of Rs 113.88 cr & Rs 198.91 respectively.

    Total assistance of Rs 1055.02 cr consisting of GOI assistance of Rs 985.10 cr & State Govtassistance of Rs 69.92 cr has been released for 3134 PACS comprising of 2371 A category &

    763 B & C category PACS. Special Audits of all the DCCBs-* completed by departmental Auditors and further certified

    by Chartered Accountants as required under the package, have been recommended byDLIC/SLIC. GOI assistance of Rs 146.34 cr & State Govt assistance of Rs 44.16 cr has been

    approved by SLIC for 37 DCCBs. The Recapitalization assistance of the remaining one DCCBsis being put up in forthcoming SLIC meeting for approval.

    Apex Bank Training College, Bhopal was appointed as the Nodal Agency for conductingTraining Programmes for the functionaries of STCCS. Capacity Building Training Programmesfor 8032 Board members and 7522 PACS functionaries have been completed in all 38 DCCBs. RCS has issued instructions to PACS as per the guidelines issued by NABARD for adoption of

    CAS from the year 2007-08. Training Programmes on CAS/MIS for Supervisors/ Accountantsof all the 38 DCCBs and Cooperative auditors of all the districts have been conducted byNABARD RO officers. The trained DCCB officers provide hand holding support to PACS

    functionaries in stabilization of CAS/MIS in PACS. Total 211 officers of DCCBs/ CooperationDepartmental Auditors have been provided training.

    As decided by the NIMC, the SLIC has recommended for adoption of software package forcomputerization in PACS to be supplied by NABARD.

    There are 780 ineligible PACS in 38 DCCBs. The State Govt. has to take a decision forclosure/merger of these PACS.

    DCARDBsOut of 38 DCARDBs, review of 36 DCARDBs have been done, of which 19 DCARDBs havereported to be in profit of Rs. 33.19 crore. 17 DCARDBs have reported to be in loss of Rs.

    60.47 crore. 27 DCARDBs have accumulated losses of Rs. 409.88 crore.

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    Date ofFormation 1 Nov, 1956

    Total Geographical Area 3, 08,144 sq. km

    Forest Area 95,221 km

    Latitude (Bhopal) 23.17 N

    Longitude (Bhopal) 77.21 E

    Capital Bhopal

    No. of Districts 45

    No. of Lok Sabha seats 29

    No. Rajya Sabha seats 11

    No. of Vidhan Sabha seats 230

    No. of villages 55,393

    No. of towns 394

    Population (2001) 60,348,023

    Male population 31,443,652

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    Female population 28,904,371

    Population Density 196 per sq. km

    Sex Ratio 920 females per 1000 males

    Literacy rate 63.70%

    Religions Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism

    Official language (s) Hindi

    Road Length 67,600 km

    National Highway Length 3700 km

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    : 1.,2.,3. / / : 02, 12,10 : 1. : 1.,2. : 01 : 06 : 288 : 1.,2. : 01, 05, 12, 159 2001 : 610275

    ( 87%, 4%, 9%) : 268958 : 31.93%

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    Anuppur District situated in the north eastern part of Madhya Pradesh, This District cameinto existenace on 15th August 2003 by re-organising Shahdol District. Anuppur District has totalarea of 3701 sq. km, extends 80 km from east to west and 70 km from north to south.

    District anuppur is surrounded by Koria District (C.G.) in east, Shahdol & Umaria Districtin west, Shahdol District in North and Dindori (M.P.) Bilaspur (C.G.) in the south.

    Geographical Scenario

    District anuppur is predominantly hilly district. It is picturesque with certain pockets andbelt of sal and mixed forests. the river Narmada originates from amarkantak situated on themaikal hills which gives beautifull view to the District. River Son & Johilla also orginate from themaikal Hills. Total Geographical area of the district is 3701 sq. KM. Adjacents to the districtanuppur are the boarding district Bilaspur Koria (C.G.) Shahdol,Umarai & Dindori.


    According to 2001 census, the total population of Anuppur district is 667155, Out ofwhich 309624 are Scheduled Tribes and 48376 are Scheduled Castes, In this manner, AnuppurDistrict is a Tribal Dominated District.

    Living Standard Of The Tribes

    The living standard of tribals is very simple. their houses are made of mud, bamboo sticks, paddy straw and

    local tiles. Tribal men wear Dhoti, Bandi, Fatohi and head gear. Women wear saree named kaansh saree in

    the local dialect. The saree is always of body colour. women in tribal community prefer to get their body

    parts hands, legs and neck encovered with colours, They wear different kinds of ornaments made of

    bamboo, seeds and metals


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    Ashoknagar is located on the northern-eastern part of Malwa Platue betSindh and the Betwa. Mathematically the District is situated between th

    latitude 24.34 N and longitude 77.43 E . The eastern and western boundof the District are well defined by the rivers. The Betwa flows along theeastern boundary separating from Sagar District, and Lalitpur and Jhan

    District of Uttar Pradesh. The Sindh is the main river flowing along the

    western boundary. Chanderi is famous for its exquisite and delicate musindustry is a part of the district

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    Ashoknagar District is divided into four Blocks and has population of 6

    spread over area of 4673.94 sq.Km. The details of the Block wise popul

    & Area as shown in Table -

    Name of Block Area in Sq. Km. Population


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    Tehsils 5 Total Population 68894

    Blocks 4 Urban 11589

    Towns 4 Rural 57304

    Total Villages 900 Male 36663

    Habitat Villages 821 Female 32230

    Inhabitat Villages 79 SC 14004

    Forest Villages 0 ST 60440




    Police Station 09

    Police Choky 11Janpad Panchayat

    Gram Panchaya



    Revenue Inspector



    Patwari Circle 165


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    District Barwani was formed on 25th May 1998. It was carved out ofWest-Nimar, Khargone district. Barwani is situated on the south-west

    side of Madhya Pradesh as well as holy river Narmada is its northernborder. District is surrounded by Satpuda (in South) and

    Vindhyachal (in North) forest ranges.

    The name Badwani originated from the forests of Bad which hadsurrounded the city in old times. Waniis the old word for the Garden.

    and hence city got its name Badwani which means Garden of Bads.

    Barwani is still pronounced as Badwani but it spells Barwani.


    Town Barwani was the capital of old Barwani State before 1948.This small State was spared by British, Mughals and Marathas because

    of its rocky terrain and less productive soil. The Rana dynasty ruledthe state throught the history. The history of this dynasty goes back to13th century.

    Town Barwani was also know as Badnagar and Siddha Nagar. The

    place is also famous for Chool Giri, Jain pilgrimage centre ofBawangaja.

    Barwani has a Historic Symbol which is known as TIR-GOLA. It islocated at Khandwa-Baroda Road, in front of Sagar Vilas Palace and

    was built in the memory of late son of Raja Ranjit Singh.

    Before Independence Barwani was known as 'The Paris of Nimar'


    District is situated between Latitudes 2137' to 2222' North andLongitudes 7427' to 7530' East.

    State of Maharashtra in South, Gujarat in far West, district Khargone

    on the East and district Dhar on the North from boundaries of Barwani.District is triangular in shape with the highest point in West.

    The town Barwani is situated near the left bank of the Narmada



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    Population of Barwani is 8,32,422 (1991 census) and 10,81,039 (2001census) with 29.87% growth in the decade.


    Airport : The nearest airport is Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport Indore,which is 150 KM from Barwani, provides connectivity to Mumbai, Delhi,

    Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Bangalore, Pune, Raipur and Nagpurin India with major airlines operating on these routes.

    Railways : Barwani has Western Railway Reservation Counter

    (Ratlam Mandal) at Ambedker Park on Rajghat Road. The nearestrailway station is situated at Indore, which is one of the major

    commercial railway station of western railway. Another nearer railwaystation is Khandwa, which is 180 km from Barwani. Khandwa is

    situated on Central Railway and it is connected with Barwani via Statehighway Number 26.

    Roads : Barwani is fairly well connected to other parts of Madhya

    Pradesh and India with national and state highways. The city is

    connected to the Agra-Bombay NH-03 by Khandwa-Baroda SH-26 atthe distance of 45 KM at Julwaniya. There are bus services to and from

    all major and minor cities near Barwani. The major cities are Indore,Khandwa, Ujjain, Dewas, Dhar, Ratlam, Khargone, Mumbai,

    Ahmedabad, and Baroda.


    Area of the District 10043 Sq.Km.

    Population of th District (2001) 13,95,175

    Male Population 7,09,956

    Female Population 6,85,219

    Rural Population (2001) 11,36,056

    Urban Population (2001) 2,59,119

    Shedule Tribe(2001) 5,49,907

    Male ST 2,75,793

    Female ST 2,74,114Shedule Cast(2001) 1,47,604

    Male SC 75,789

    Female SC 71,815

    Density of the Population 138/Sq.Km.

    Growth rate. 18.2

    Literacy Rate 66.87%

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    Male Literacy Rate 77.31%

    Femal literacy Rate 56.05%

    Sub Divisions 3

    Tahisils 5

    Blocks 10

    Gram Panchyats 558

    Villages 1328

    Tehsils in the District 1.Betul. 2. Multai. 3.Bhainsdehi. 4.

    Shahapur. 5.Amla.

    Development Blocks. 1.Betul. 2.Shahapur. 3. GhoraDongri.4.Chicholi. 5. Bhimpur. 6. Bhainsdehi.

    7.Athnar. 8.Amla. 9.Multai.10.PrabhatPattan.

    Integrate Child Development

    Blocks.10. (Same As Above)

    Janpad Panchat 10. (Same as Above)

    Nagar Palika 1. Betul. 2. Sarani. 3. Amal.Nagar Panchayat

    1. Multai. 2.Bhainsdehi. 3.Betul Bazar.

    Parlementary seats 1

    Assembly seats 6