bhaktivinoda thakura tattva viveka

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Taffva-viveka(Kusaliaila Dasa)PrafhamanubhavaFirsf ReaIizafion Texf 1 jayat sac-c-anana- rasanubnava-vgranan procyatc sac-c-anana- nubnutr yat-prasaatan jayat-gloiy; sat-ciciniiy; c-lnowlcdgc; anana-bliss; rasa-ncciai; anubnava-pciccpiion; vgranan-loim; procyatc-is spolcn; sat-c-anananubnutr-ilc pciccpiion ol ciciniiy, lnowlcdgc and bliss; yat-prasaatan-by ilc mcicy ol wlom. Gloiy io Si Kisna Caiianya, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, in wlosc loim icsi ciciniiy, lnowlcdgc, bliss, and ilc iasic ol ncciai. ly His mcicy ilis bool, wlicl bcais ilc iiilc "Sac-cid-anandanubluii" (Diiccily Sccing ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, in Wlosc Ioim Rcsi Liciniiy, Knowlcdgc, and lliss) las bccn wiiiicn. Texf 2 ho nam va hm am vsvam avayon ho nvayo nruvam atmanam nvrto jivan prccnat jnana-snayc ho-wlo'; anam-am I; va-oi; hm-wlai'; am-ilis; vsvam-woild; avayon-ol us boil; ho-wlai'; anvayo-ilc iclaiionslip; nruvam-always; atmanam-limscll; nvrto-suiioundcd by maiici; jivan-ilc soul; prccnat-asls; jnana-snayc-io lind ilc iiuil. "Wlo am I' Wlai is ilis woild' Wlai iclaiion lavc I wiil ilis woild'" To lcain ilc iiuil, a soul in ilis maiciial woild will always asl limscll ilcsc qucsiions.Commcniaiy by Sila llaliivinoda Tlaluia Many days alici ilcii biiil, luman bcings linally aiiain good lnowlcdgc ol scnsc objccis. Tlc ouisidc woild pciccivcd by ilc scnscs is callcd "visaya" (ilc woild ol scnsc objccis). As lis scnsoiy powcis giow, a clild bccomcs incicasingly awaic ol ilc woild ol scnsc objccis. Tasiing plcasuic ilcic, lc is diawn io ilc woild ol scnsc objccis. Tlus aiiiacicd io ilc woild ol scnsc objccis, a luman bcing ilinls ol and acis loi noiling clsc. lccoming a consiani companion, sound, ioucl, loim, iasic, and smcll giadually iuin ilc luman mind inio ilcii slavc. In ilis way luman bcings aic plungcd inio ilc woild ol scnsc objccis. "Dcail musi comc, and wlcn ii docs, I will lavc no iclaiionslip wiil ilis woild ol scnscs objccis." Wlcn ilis ilougli aiiscs, a loiiunaic pcison iuins liom ilc woild ol scnsc objccis and ycains io lnow ilc iiuil. Hc ilcn asls ilcsc qucsiions: "Wlo am I, ilc pcison wlo pciccivcs ilis woild' Wlai is ilis woild' Wlai iclaiion lavc I wiil ilis woild'" Texf 3 atma prahrt-vactrya aat ctram uttaram sva-svarupa-stnto ny atma aat yuhtam uttaram atma-scll; prahrt-naiuic; vactrya-bccausc ol ilc vaiiciy; aat-givcs; ctram-vaiicgaicd; uttaram-icply; sva-own; svarupa-oiiginal loim; stnto-siiuaicd; ny-indccd; atma-scll; aat-givcs; yuhtam-piopci; uttaram-icply. lccausc ol ilcii dillcicni naiuics, ilosc wlo asl ilcsc qucsiions aiiain a gicai vaiiciy ol answcis. Only a soul siiuaicd in lis oiiginal spiiiiual loim aiiains ilc iiuc answcis.Commcniaiy by Sila llaliivinoda Tlaluia A pcison wlo las iuincd away liom ilc woild ol scnsc objccis linds an answci io ilcsc ilicc qucsiions. Sciipiuics and plilosoplics aiicmpi io answci ilcsc ilicc qucsiions. In oui couniiy answcis aic givcn by ilc Vcdas, Vcdania, and oilci bools lollowing ilc Vcdic icaclings. Answcis aic also givcn by plilosoplics ilai misinicipici ilc Vcdic icaclings, plilosoplics lilc nyaya, pscudo-sanllya, paianjala, vaiscsila, and laima-mmamsa. Answcis aic also givcn by plilosoplics ilai opcnly opposc ilc Vcdic icaclings, plilosoplics lilc luddlism and ilc plilosoply ol ilc ailcisi Caivala. In ilis way many plilosoplics givc many dillcicni answcis. In Clina, Gicccc, Pcisia, Iiancc, Lngland, Gcimany, Iialy, and oilci couniiics many dillcicni plilosoplics wcic picaclcd, plilosoplics lilc Maiciialism, Posiiivism, Scculaiism, Pcssimism, Sccpiicism, Panilcism, and Ailcism. Many plilosoplcis uscd logic io piovc ilc cxisicncc ol God. Tlcn again, in oilci placcs was picaclcd ilc idca ilai onc slould simply bclicvc in God and woislip Him. In many placcs wcic picaclcd icligions ilai claimcd io bc oiiginally givcn by God. Somc icligions wcic iooicd in cacl pcison's own individual laiil in God. In oilci placcs ii was said ilai God Himscll lad givcn ilc icaclings ol icligion. Rcligion iooicd in cacl pcison's own individual laiil is callcd Tlcism. Includcd among ilc icligions wiil bclicl-sysicmsand sciipiuics givcn by God aic Cliisiianiiy and Molammcdanism. Tlc answcis io ilc poicviously mcniioncd ilicc qucsiions aic iiuly ol iwo linds: 1. ilc answci givcn by a soul siiuaicd in lis oiiginal loim, and 2. ilc gicai vaiiciy ol answcis givcn by all oilcis. Wly is noi a singlc answci only givcn io cacl ol ilcsc qucsiions' Tlc iiuc answcis aic givcn by a puic pcison siiuaicd in lis oiiginal spiiiiual loim. All pcisons siiuaicd in ilcii oiiginal spiiiiual loims givc ilc samc answcis. Howcvci, ilc pcisons wlo lavc lallcn inio ilc maiciial woild aic noi siiuaicd in ilcii oiiginal spiiiiual loims. Tlc maiciial woild is noi ilcii ical lomc. Ii is a woild boin liom maiciial illusion. Tlc Supicmc Tiuil (paia- iaiiva) las a spiiiiual poicncy (paia salii). Tlc sladow ol ilai spiiiiual poicncy is ilc poicncy ol illusion (maya-salii). Maya-salii is ilc moilci ol ilc maiciial woild. Tlc gicai vaiiciy ol qualiiics maya ollcis aic acccpicd by ilc souls icsiding in ilc maiciial woild as ilcii own qualiiics. In ilis way ilc soul's oiiginal qualiiics aic wiildiawn and ilc spccilic mixiuic ol qualiiics and an idcniiiy ollcicd by maya aic acccpicd by ilc soul. In ilis way ilc spiiii soul idcniilics wiil maiici. Spiiiiual and maiciial idcas ilus bccomc mixcd iogcilci in many dillcicni ways in ilc mind ol ilc spiiii soul. Lacl acccpiing a dillcicni mixiuic ol maiciial qualiiics, ilc spiiii souls misidcniilying wiil maiici cacl givc lis own answcis io ilcsc ilicc qucsiions. In ilis way a gicai vaiiciy ol answcis is manilcsi. Inllucnccd by ilc iiadiiions, aciiviiics, associaics, loods, languagc, and ilougli paiicins ol ilc couniiics wlcic ilcy livc, ilc souls in ilis woild givc answcis io ilcsc ilicc qucsiions. In ilis way iimc, placc, and ciicumsiancc combinc io cicaic a gicai vaiiciy ol naiuics. Iiisily, ilc souls comc in coniaci wiil maiici in dillcicni ways. Tlosc dillcicni linds ol coniaci biing onc sci ol vaiiaiions ol naiuic. Sccondly, ilcii dillcicni couniiics, languagcs, lamilics, and oilci ciicumsianccs biing anoilci sci ol vaiiaiions ol naiuic. In ilis way ilc a gicai vaiiciy ol naiuics bccomcs muliiplicd. Only a pcison wlo las iiavclcd io cvciy couniiy, lcaincd cvciy languagc, and siudicd cvciy couniiy's lisioiy can undcisiand ilc scopc ol ilai vaiiciy. Hcic I will only poini in ilc diicciion ol ilai vaiiciy. I will noi do moic. Ii would bc a gicai iioublc. Ol ilc iwo linds ol answcis givcn by ilc living cniiiics, onc is ilc iiuc answci. Tlc oilci is ilc gicai vaiiciy ol answcis accoiding io ilc vicws ol dillcicni plilosoplics. Tlc gicai vaiiciy ol answcis may bc dividcd inio iwo gioups. Tlc liisi gioup is callcd jnana" and ilc sccond gioup is callcd "laima". Hcic somconc may pioicsi: "Wlcn you say ilc iiuc (yulia) answci you imply ilai you lonoi logic (yulii) as ilc way io lnow ilc iiuil. Wly, ilcn, do you noi acccpi ilc gicai vaiiciy ol answcis ilai logic biings'" To ilis pioicsi I icply: Spiiiiual logic docs noi dcpcnd on ilc maiciial logic ilai biings a vaiiciy ol answcis. Tlcicloic wlcn I usc ilc woids logic (yulii) and iiuil (yulia), I iclci io ilc logic and iiuil acccpicd by libciaicd souls puiilicd ol maiici's ioucl, logic and iiuil ilai piopcily disiinguisl bciwccn maiici and spiiii. Logic ilai is maiciial, ilai ialcs slclici ol maiici, will always lcad io a gicai vaiiciy ol conclusions. A libciaicd soul siiuaicd in lis oiiginal spiiiiual loim can givc ilc iiuc, ilc gcnuincly logical answci. Among ilc gicai vaiiciy ol answcis is sccn ilc gioup callcd jnana. Lmploying jnana, ilc spiiii soul in coniaci wiil maiici iiics io disiinguisl spiiii liom maiici. Wlcn ii spcals posiiivcly (anvaya), jnana alliims ilc piimacy ol maiici, saying maiici is ilc bcginninglcss iooi ol all ilai cxisis. Wlcn ii spcals ncgaiivcly (vyaiiicla) jnana says ilai maiici cannoi bc dcsiioycd, loi ii is mcicly a iiansloimaiion ol ilc Supicmc (bilaman), wlo las no poicncics (nilsalii). Tlcy wlo lollow laima say God docs noi cxisi, and ilcicloic ilc living cniiiics slould cngagc in maiciial aciiviiics. Puic jnana and laima lavc ilcii placc in iiuc spiiiiual lovc and spiiiiual aciiviiics. Tlcy aic paii ol ilc iiuc answcis io oui ilicc qucsiions. Tlcy will bc discusscd laici in ilis bool, wlcn dcvoiional scivicc (blalii) will bc dcsciibcd. lccausc ilcy aic maiciial in naiuic, woids cannoi complcicly dcsciibc ilc puic spiiiiual iiuil. Texf + ctram banu-vnam vn yuhtam cham svarupatan ctram aau tatna cantc yuhtam cva vvcyatc ctram-vaiiciy; banu-vnam-many linds; vn-plcasc lnow; yuhtam-iiuil; cham-onc; svarupatan-naiuially; ctram-vaiiciy; aau-liisi; tatna-ilcn; ca-also; antc-ai ilc cnd; yuhtam-ilc iigli answci; cva-indccd; vvcyatc-is considcicd. Plcasc lnow ilai ilcic aic a gicai vaiiciy ol answcis, and ilcic is also onc iiuc answci. Iiisi wc will considci ilc gicai vaiiciy ol answcis, and ilcn wc will considci ilc onc iiuc answci. Texf 5 atmatnava jaam sarvam svabnava n pravartatc svabnavo vyatc ntyam isa-jnanam nrartnaham atma-soul; atnava-oi; jaam-maiici; sarvam-all; svabnava-naiuially; n-indccd; pravartatc-is manilcsi; svabnavo-own naiuic; vyatc-is; ntyam-cicinal; isa- jnanam-lnowlcdgc ol God; nrartnaham-wiiloui mcaning. Somc plilosoplcis say ilai maiici is cvciyiling, maiici is scll-manilcsi, maiici is cicinal, and any conccpiion ol God is a scnsclcss lic. Texf 6 sarvatna ccsvarasnr isa-harta prayojanat para-Ioha-hatna mtnya nurtanam haIpancrta sarvatna-in all icspccis; ca-and; isvara-God; asnr-lacxl ol piool; isa-God; harta-cicaioi; prayojanat-bccausc ol ilc nccd; para- Ioha-hatna-iall ol a spiiiiual woild; mtnya-lalsc; nurtanam-ol iascals; haIpana-