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Maratha Samrajya Maratha Confederacy16741820Maharajas1 2 3 4Flag5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16Shivaji I (leader from 1 Sambhaji I (1680-1689 Rajaram (1689-1700). Y Tarabai (regent 1700-1 Shahu I (1708-1749). S Ramaraja (1749-1777). Shahu II (1777-1808). S Pratapsinh (1808-1839 Shahaji III (1839-1848) 1848 to Great Britain Pratapsinh I (adopted) Rajaram III Pratapsinh II Raja Shahu (1918 - 19 Pratapraje (1950-1978) Udayanraje Bhonsle (1Political Map of South Asia around 1758 ADCapital1st Rajgadh & then shifted to Raigadh Marathi Monarchy - 1674-1680 - 1681-1689 -16891700 -17001707 -17071747 -17471777 History Shivaji Sambhaji Rajaram Tarabai Shahu Ramaraja April 21, 1674 September 21, 1820 1,000,00 0 km (386,10 2 sq mi)Language(s) Government Chattrapathi- Established - Ended AreaPopulation - 1700 est. 150,000, 000 Hon, Rupee, Paisa, MohorCurrencyThe Maratha Empire (Marathi: Marh Smrjya; also transliterated Mahratta) or the MarathaConfederacy was a Hindu state located in present-day India. It existed from 1674 to 1818. At its peak, the empire's territoContents[hide] 1 Brief History 2 Chhatrapati Shivaji (c. 1645-1680) 3 Sambhaji (c 1681-1689)4 Rajaram and Tarabai (c 1689-1707) 5 Shahu (c 1707-1749) 6 Ramchandra Pant Amatya Bawdekar (1650-1716) 7 Peshwa Baji Rao I (1720-1740) 8 Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao (1740-1761) 9 The Decline of the Empire 10 Legacy of the Empire 11 Maratha rulers 11.1 The Royal House of Chhatrapati Shivaji 11.2 The Royal House of Kolhapur 11.3 Peshwa 12 See also 13 Notes 14 ReferencesBrief HistoryAfter a lifetime of exploits and guerrilla warfare with Adilshah of Bijapur and Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, the local king SThe Maratha Empire was at its height in the 18th century under Shahu and the Peshwa Baji Rao I. Losses at the Third BChhatrapati Shivaji (c. 1645-1680)ShivajiChhattrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosale, founder of the Maratha ConfederacyThe Hindu Marathas long had lived in the Desh region around Satara, in the western portion of the Deccan plateau, wheSambhaji (c 1681-1689)This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable so material may be challenged and removed. (February 2009) Shivaji had two sons: Sambhaji and Rajaram. Sambhaji, the elder son, was very popular among the courtiers. He was aWhen they were brought face to face with Aurangzeb, the latter offered to let Sambhaji live if he surrendered all the MaraRajaram and Tarabai (c 1689-1707)Rajaram, Sambhaji's brother, now assumed the throne. Satara, whence Rajaram had moved the capital, came under sie Malwa was a decisive battle for the Maratha empire. The Mughals lost their eminent position on the Indian subcontinentShahu (c 1707-1749)The extent of Maratha EmpireAfter Emperor Aurangzeb's death in 1707, Shahuji, son of Sambhaji (and grandson of Shivaji), was released by BahadurIn 1713 Farrukhsiyar had declared himself Mughal emperor. His bid for power had depended heavily on two brothers, knAn army of Marathas commanded by Parsoji Bhosale, and Mughals, marched up to Delhi unopposed and managed to dMaratha Emperors (1674-1818)Shivaji Sambhaji Rajaram(1674 - 1680) (1680 - 1689) (1689 - 1700)Queen Tarabai(1700 - 1707) (1707 - 1749) (1749 - 1777)Shahu RamarajaThe Peshwas (Prime Ministers) (1712-1818) Balaji Vishwanath Bajirao Balaji Bajirao Madhavrao Ballal Narayanrao Raghunathrao Sawai Madhavrao Bajirao II Nana Sahib(1712-1719) (1719-1740) (1740-1761) (1761-1772) (1772-1773) (1773-1774) (1774-1795) (1795-1851) (1851-1857)(Peshwa period: 1689-1708)Ramchandra Pant Amatya Bawdekar was a court administrator who rose from the ranks of a local Kulkarni to the ranksWhen Chatrapati Rajaram fled to Jinji in 1689 leaving Maratha empire, he gave a "Hukumat Panha" (King Status) to PanHe received military help from the great Maratha warriors - Santaji Ghorpade and Dhanaji Jadhav. On many occasions hIn 1698, he happily stepped down from the post of "Hukumat Panha" when Rajaram offered this post to his wife to TarabBut owing to his loyalty to Tarabai against Shahuji (who was supported by more local satraps), he was sidelined after arr Peshwa Baji Rao I (1720-1740)After Balaji Vishwanath's death in April, 1719, his son, Baji Rao I was appointed as Peshwa by Chattrapati Shahuji, one oShrimant Baji Rao Vishwanath Bhatt (August 18, 1699- April 25, 1740), also known as Baji Rao I, was a noted general w Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao (1740-1761)Baji Rao's son, Balaji Bajirao (Nanasaheb), was appointed as a Peshwa by Shahuji. The period between 1741 and 1745Nanasaheb encouraged agriculture, protected the villagers, and brought about a marked improvement in the state of theEighteenth century painting of a Maratha Soldier ( by Franois Balthazar Solvyns)The Decline of the EmpireThe Peshwa sent an army to challenge the Afghan led alliance of Indian Muslims that included Rohillas, Shujah-ud-dowl Even today the phrase in Marathi, "meet your Panipat", has a similar meaning as the phrase "meet your Waterloo" doesAfter 1761, young Madhavrao Peshwa tried his best to rebuild the empire in spite of his frail health. In a bid to effectivelyIn 1775 the British East India Company, from its base in Bombay, intervened in a succession struggle in Pune, on behalfThe last Peshwa, Nana Sahib, born as Govind Dhondu Pant, was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. He was one ofToday the spirit of the Maratha Empire is preserved in the Indian state of Maharashtra, "Great Nation", which was createLegacy of the EmpireRuins of the Raigad fort, which served as a capital for Maratha EmpireOften painted as a kind of loose military organization, the Maratha empire was actually revolutionary in nature. It broughtFrom its onset, Religious tolerance and religious pluralism were important pillars of the nation-state since they were fundThe Maratha Empire was unique in that it did not adhere to the caste system. Here, the Brahmins (Peshwe) were the pri Since its start, many people of talent were brought into the leadership of the Maratha Empire which made it one of the m The empire also created a significant navy. At its height this was led by the legendary Kanhoji Angre.The Marathas militarily controlled huge tracts. Their policy of religious tolerance gave equal importance to Hindu interestMaratha rulersThe Royal House of Chhatrapati ShivajiSee also Bhosale family ancestryChhatrapati Shivaji (1630-1680) Chhatrapati Sambhaji (1657-1689) Chhatrapati Rajaram (1670-1700) Queen Tarabai Chhatrapati Shahu (alias Shivaji II, son of Chhatrapati Sambhaji) Chhatrapati Ramaraja (nominally, grandson of Chhatrapati Rajaram and Queen Tarabai))The Royal House of KolhapurQueen Tarabai (wife of Chhatrapati Rajaram) in the name of her son Shivaji II Chhatrapati Sambhaji (son of Chhatrapati [Rajaram] from his second wife) Chhatrapati Shahu IV of KolhapurPeshwaSonopant Dabir (1640-1674) Moropant Trimbak Pingle (1674-1683) Moreshwar Pingale (1683-1689) Ramchandra Pant Amatya (1689-1708) Bahiroji Pingale (1708-1711) Parshuram Tribak Kulkarni(Pant Pratinidhi) (1711-1713) Balaji Vishwanath (1713-1720) Baji Rao I (1720-1740) (son of Balaji Vishwanath) Balaji Bajirao (son of Bajirao I) Peshwa Madhavrao (2nd son of Balaji Bajirao) Narayanrao Peshwa (3rd son of Balaji Bajirao) Raghunathrao Peshwa (brother of Balaji Bajirao) Sawai Madhavrao Peshwa (son of Narayanrao) Chimnajee Madhavarao (26 May 1796 - 6 Dec 1796) (brother of Bajirao II, adopted by Madhavrao II's wife)Bajirao II (son of Raghunathrao) Nana Sahib Peshwa the second (adopted son of Bajirao II)Amritrao (Brother of Bajirao II), Peshwa for a short period during Yashwantrao Holkar's rule on Pune. Bajirao waMaharajasaji I (leader from 1655, Maharaja 1674-1680) bhaji I (1680-1689). Eldest son of Shivaji I. ram (1689-1700). Younger son of Shivaji I. bai (regent 1700-1708). Wife of Rajaram. hu I (1708-1749). Son of Sambhaji I. araja (1749-1777). Grandson of Rajaram and Tarabai; adopted son of Sha hu II (1777-1808). Son of Ramaraja. apsinh (1808-1839) haji III (1839-1848) to Great Britain apsinh I (adopted)apsinh II Shahu (1918 - 1950) apraje (1950-1978) yanraje Bhonsle (1978 till present)ahratta) or the Maratha18. At its peak, the empire's territories covered much of South Asia.peror Aurangzeb, the local king Shivaji founded an independent Maratha kingdom in 1674 with Raigad as its capital. Shivaji died in 1680, leaBaji Rao I. Losses at the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761 suspended further expansion of the empire and reduced the power of the Peshwas.rtion of the Deccan plateau, where the plateau meets the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats mountains. They had resisted incursions intoe by adding citations to reliable sources. Unverifiabler among the courtiers. He was a poet, great politician and a great warrior. In 1681, Sambhaji had himself crowned and resumed his father'slive if he surrendered all the Maratha forts, turn over all his hidden treasures,disclose the names of all the Mughal officers who had helped himoved the capital, came under siege in 1700 and eventually was surrendered to the Mughals. At about the same time Rajaram died. His widosition on the Indian subcontinent forever and the subsequent Mughal Emperors became titular kings. The Marathas emerged as victorious afShivaji), was released by Bahadur Shah, the next Mughal emperor under conditions which rendered him a vassal of the Mughal emperor butended heavily on two brothers, known as the Saiyids, one of whom had been the governor of Allahabad and the other the governor of Patna.hi unopposed and managed to depose the emperor. In return for this help, Balaji Vishwanath managed to negotiate a substantial treaty. Shas of a local Kulkarni to the ranks of Ashtapradhan under guidance and support of Shivaji Maharaj. He was one of the prominent Peshwas froumat Panha" (King Status) to Pant before leaving. Ramchandra Pant managed the entire state under many challenges like influx of Moguls, baji Jadhav. On many occasions he himself participated in batt