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SewaSadhanaQVarshPratipada,VikramiSamvat2066(March27,2009) 3Ourapproachtoruraldevelopmentshouldnotaimatonlymaterialisticdevelopment.Thistypeofapproachonthepartofgovernmentagenciesandvarioussocialorganisationshasmadeeventhedeprivedpeopleparavalambi(dependantonothers)byconcentratingonlyattheirmaterial-isticdevelopment.Theyfailedtoin-volvethemintheiractivitiesresultinginthesepeoplenotrealisingtheneedtoachieveself-reliance.Therefore,thefeelingofself-respectthatwecansolveourproblemsourselvesandwillnotunfoldourhandsbeforeothershastobeinfusedintothem.Theworkofruraldevelopmenthasonemoredimension.Alltheirhiddentalents,qualitiesandhabitofhardworkwillresurfaceonlywhentheyaremoti-vatedasperthetraditionalHinduvaluesoflife.H.V.SeshadriThesenseofself-respecthastobeinstilledSewaSadhanaQVarshPratipada,VikramiSamvat2066(March27,2009) 4SewaSadhanaVarsh Pratipada(March 27, 2009)Editor/PublisherSuhasrao HiremathTrusteeRashtriya Sewa BharatiEditorial AdvisersShri Sitaram KedilayaShri Surendra ChauhanShri Shyam ParandeShri Suresh AgrawalShri Pramod SainiBest Wishesof New Year(Samvat 2066)to all ourreadersPrinterkr`Hkwfe,&31],iQ-,iQ-lh-Layout designingNishant Computers & PrintersPh.: 9899256433Contribution: Rs. 30/-Regd. OfficeRashtriya Sewa Bharati10196A, Mata Mandir GaliJhandewalan, New Delhi-55Tel/fax: 011-23511777Email:rashtriyasewa@gmail.comPageNo.Thesenseofself-respecthastobeinstilled H.V.Seshadri 3Editorial:Integratedruraldevelopment 7Serviceactivitiesataglance 8Villagersshouldstandontheirownlegs Shri Guruji 9Accepteveryobstacleasachallenge:SurendraChauhan 15Showanunrivalledexampleoforganicfarming NanaDeshmukh 16Changeinmentalitywillensuredevelopment PremchandGoel 24AnnamBahuKurveeta DrR.G.Bhat 32Cow-basedruraldevelopment R.S.Chauhan 34Apilgrimagetosavethesoulofthenation SureshAgrawal 39Nowproducepaperfromcowdung MuzaffarHussain 40ConvertingsoilintoAmritMitti DeepakSuchde 41Whyvermicompost 44TwentyreasonswhyoneshouldgoforNatuecofarming 45Agnihotrafarming:Thewayformakingfarmersprosperous 46Cowdungcanconvertgarbageintousefulmanure 47Organicfarming:Ensuringabalancebetweenplantsandsoil 48Eighteenwayshowchemicalfertilizersaffectus 49Mythsaboutorganicfarming 50TamilNadu: Anexperimentwitheconomicempowerment 51Karnataka: Onusofself-sufficiencyliesonthevillagers 54HSP:Forty-daymiraculoustraining 58AndhraPardesh:Kishtpuram:Templebecomesfocalpointofdevelopment 60Gurrewula:Addictionvanishes,devotionflourishes 61Kollampalli:Educationeradicatessuperstitions 63Iskapalli:Anidealexampleofshakha-baseddevelopment 64Kerala:ArayofdevelopmentinAgastyaforest 65ContentMohadvillageofMadhyaPradeshAcompletelaboratoryofruraldevelopmentPramod Saini in Mohad10SewaSadhanaQVarshPratipada,VikramiSamvat2066(March27,2009) 5WestBengal:ChangingfaceofMaaShardasleelakshetra 66MadhyaPradesh:Baghuwar:HowBharatwillbecomeasuperpower 67Jhiri:ThewholevillagespeaksSanskrit 69Plasi/Hosangabad:SHG'sinfuseself-confidence 71Sundrail:Eradicationofsocialevils 72Chhattisgarh: Amera/Tamora:Scalingnewheights 73Sonadih:Acompletedispute-freevillage 74Bihar: Sikariya:Computerwins,gunloses 75Jharkhand: Impactofasilentrevolution MayaSingh 76Tilopada:Ayouthwhomadehistoryonhisown 77UttarPradesh:GoriaKalan:Traditionalcottageindustriesrestarted 78Devipurva:Backtothebasics 79Vantara:Organicfarming:Aboonforfarmers 80Dorhrighat:CrematoriumturnsintoaSewaKendra 81Ghumwati:Agiantleapforward 82MatoraDurga:Alllocalitiesnamedaftergreatpersonalities 83NagalaVishnu:Towardstotaldevelopment 84NaglaChandrabhan:DeendayalDham:Amultifacetedproject 85ShivajiNagar:HazratpurbecomesShivajiNagar 86Uttaranchal:Bhigun:Changevisibleateverystep VishnuSemval 87Haryana:Auniqueinitiativeagainstaddiction 89Rajasthan:Kulthana:Flood-devastatedvillageturnsintoamodelvillage 90Vagadari:ChangethroughSantSammelans 91Majhola:Checkdamsenhancewaterlevel 92Jammu&Kashmir:Anendeavourtostopmigrationfromruralareas 93Gujarat:PrabhatPheri:Atoolofchange 94Devgarh:SHGs:Antidotetomoney-lenders 95Shyadala:Wherewholevillagedrinksmineralwater 96NorthEast:Nationalistfeelingshakesthealienforces 97Maharashtra:Hadi:Treadingthepathofcooperativefarming 98Kanhewadi:Self-reliancethroughSHGs 99Mehsal:All-roundupliftofthedeprived 100Dhagewadi: VillagerstellthegovernmenttodeletetheirnamesfromBPLlist 101Baripada:Uniqueexperimentofforestprotection 102SamskritBharati: Sanskritbecominglanguageofthemasses ShreeshDevpujari 103DRI: Convertingnon-economicalholdingsintoeconomicalholdings 106VHP:Scriptinganewchapter 108BharatVikasParishad:Serviceasduty,notascharity 110SwamiVivekanandaMedicalMission:SeekingNarayanabyservingDaridranarayana 112KalyanAshram:ArevolutionarychangeinVanvasilife 114Organicfarmingistheremedy K.S. Sudarshan18Harmoniousvillage,prosperousvillage Sureshrao Joshi21Reducedependenceongovernment Sitaram Kedilaya25Ourconceptofintegratedruraldevelopment Surendra Chauhan28SewaSadhanaQVarshPratipada,VikramiSamvat2066(March27,2009) 6HelpfromoutsidewilldonogoodTotrytohelpvillagersfromoutsidecoulddonogood.Howtokindleasparkoflifeinthemthatwasmyproblem. It was so difficult to help thembecausethepeoplehadsolittlerespectforthemselves.Wearecursed,theywouldsay,onlythewhipcankeepusstraight.RavindraNathTagoreGandhijisquestforamodelvillageIknowthatthework(ofshapingtheidealvillage)isasdifficultasmakingIndiaanidealcountry.Butifonecanproduceanidealvillagehewillhaveprovidedapatternnotonlyforthewholecountry,butperhapsforthewholeworld.Morethanthisaseekermaynotaspireafter.MahatmaGandhiSewaSadhanaQVarshPratipada,VikramiSamvat2066(March27,2009) 7also. There are very influential shakhas in certain villages.This strength should be utilised for social transformationwastheprimaryidea.Whentheswayamsevakstalkabout rural reconstruction their thinking is different fromthegeneralconceptofdevelopmentasadoptedbygovernmentagencies,voluntaryorganisationsorindi-viduals. While the government agencies have huge fundsat their disposal to carry out such activities, the voluntaryorganisationshaveenoughmanpower,buttheinvolve-mentofvillagersishardlyfoundintheiractivities.WhentheSanghswayamsevaksstartedthinkingabout rural development they decided to adopt a differentapproachwhilekeepinginmindalltheexistedap-proachesandalsotheapproachesadoptedbygreatpersonalitiesinthepast.Theapproachadoptedbytheswayamsevaks is that the villagers have to develop theirvillages themselves and the swayamsevaks and all theirlike-minded organisations will work only as a catalyst.The then RSS Sarsanghachalak Prof. Rajendra SinghinthepresenceofPejawarSwamiSriVishveshteerthacalled upon the swayamsevaks in Mangalore in 1995 todevelopmodelvillagesacrossthecountry.HethenoutlinedthreeprioritiesforthemKshudhamukta,rogmukta,shikshayuktagrams(hunger-free,disease-freeand literate villages). After that the swayamsevaks startedthisworkconcentratingonthreepointseducation,healthandself-reliance.Withthepassageoftime,astheworkgrew,theswayamsevaksrealisedtheneedtostart work on some more fronts such as social harmony,Sanskritsambhashan,socialsecurity,cowprotection,organicfarming,workerstraining,etc.andtheywerealsoaddedintheprioritylist.Thespeedoftheworkthroughthisnewapproachmay appear slow at the moment but the original conceptwithwhichtheworkhadbeenstartedisstillclearinthe minds of the activists. Before starting the work, theyinsistonformingacommitteeinvolvingthepeopleofallsectionsandcommunitiesofthevillage.ThiscommitteebasicallytakesallthedecisionsregardingIntegratedRuralDevelopmentSomeUniqueExperimentsASthenumberofshakhasgrewinruralareas,the swayamsevaks developed a feeling that theyshoulddosomethingconcretefortheirvillagesEditorialdevelopmental activities. The basic idea behind formingsuch a committee is that the people irrespective of theirnarrowthinkingbasedonpolitics,castesorcommu-nities, come together and jointly think of the developmentoftheirvillage.Later,somesub-committeesarealsoformedondifferentissuessuchaseducation,health,cleanliness,organicfarming,cowprotection,self-reli-ance,etc.Thisistruththatwedidnotgetmuchsuccessinthisfieldsofarbuttheworkersareseriouslyworking.Today,villagersin80percentdistrictsofthecountryhavestartedthinkingaccordingtothisnewconceptofdevelopment.Therearemorethan100villagesindifferentpartsofthecountrywherethedevelopmentalactivities have shown encouraging results. Mohad villageinMadhyaPradeshhassetmanyexamplesinself-reliance.Peoplefromdifferentpartsofthecountrygotheretopracticallyseethechange.JhirivillageinthesamestatehasbecomethevillagewhereeverybodyspeaksSanskrit.Similarly,allpeopleofMuttoorandHosahalli villages in Karnataka also speak Sanskrit. Thereare more than 25 villages in Karnataka which have beendevelopedasmodelvillages.Thedevelopmentalactivitiesinthevillagesarecarriedoutindifferentphases.Attheveryfirststagethe swayamsevaks take initiative from their own homes.In the second stage, they persuade the influential peopleofthevillagetotakesomeinitiativesbeitforhealth,education,cleanlinessororganicfarming.Inthethirdstagethegeneralfarmersaremotivatedtoinvolvethemselves in these activities. The complicated issues likesocialharmonyorprohibitionaretakenupattheendwhenthepeopleofthevillagehavedevelopedthementalityofchange.Theworkhasbeengoingonforthelast15years.Ithasinfusedasenseofconfidenceintotheactivistsand the villagers that they will certainly achieve success.WehaveinthisissueofSewaSadhanaendeavouredto highlight some of these successful experiments beingcarriedoutindifferentpartsofthecountry.Wehopethereaderswouldlikeitandtaketheinspirationtoinvolve themselves in any of the activities in their vicinity.EditorSewaSadhanaQVarshPratipada,VikramiSamvat2066(March27,2009) 8 . : ( 1. Kerala 1477 4617 785 1016 1964 852 33 -2. Dakshin Tamil Nadu 3167 8714 922 380 7323 89 15 063. Uttar Tamil Nadu 237 1346 520 310 206 - - -Dakshin Kshetra 4881 14677 2227 1706 9493 941 48 064. Dakshin Karnataka 2050 7431 2217 589 2350 2275 42 185. Uttar Karnataka 485 1218 151 97 286 684 - -6. Pashchim Andhra 403 731 452 53 204 22 04 037. Poorva Andhra 426 470 181 205 72 12 - -Dak. Madh. Kshetra 3564 9850 3001